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States.

Maine,

New Hampshire,

Vermont,
Massachusetts,
Rhode Island,

Connecticut,

New York,

New Jersey,
Pennsylvania,
Delaware,
Maryland,

Virginia,

North Carolina,

South Carolina,

Georgia,

Florida,

Alabama,

Mississippi,
Louisiana,

Texas,

Arkansas,

Tennessee,

Kentucky,

Ohio, .

Michigan,

Indiana,

Illinois,

Missouri,
Iowa,
Wisconsin,
California,

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None.

390,000

58,212 1,233,905

Total,

169,549,334

66

Total, near Jan. 1, 1849, 170,749,453
Total,"
1848, 169,776,030
Total, "
Total,"

66

1847, 165,129,900
1846, 179,635,022

66

Total Debt.

854,750 None.

None.

24,038,122
67,595
40,511,173

None.

15,909,981

15,427,255

6,135,064 56,456

None.

Annual Interest on Absolute Debt.

956,261

55,000

$

None.

55,000

2,310,896 138,654

1,828,472 110,223

None.

390,000

1,259,036 4,075 1,988,616

580,210

555,685

8,539,110

7,271,707

16,238,131

11.055,694

3,862,172

3,337,856

4,497,652

19,026,200 1,147,854

2,812,717

6,531,737

16,612,795

418,627 136,000

78,914

153,670

177,426

269,859

175,000

199,331

96,000

38,756,218 209,305,552 7,677,646 40,502,979 211,252,432 7,884,035 35,932,008 205,708,038 8,521,671 51,781,654 216,911,554 9,072,939 44,388,805 224 023,827 | 9,930,052 These tables are believed to be very accurate, being compiled almost exclusively from official reports made by the Treasurers and Auditors to the Legislatures of the several States, near the 1st of January, 1850. The account of the State debts, in particular, is full, and may be depended upon; that of the several kinds of property owned by the States of course is more defective, — for the State archives seldom afford complete materials for accurate accounts of this sort, and the property is sometimes estimated at a nominal valuation, which is much above its market value. The editor of the American Almanac respectfully invites his correspondents in the

75,000

5,500

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several States to communicate such errors as they may detect in these ta. bles, as they will be republished in the volume for 1852 in a revised and perfect condition. The object here is to give only a summary of the facts, so as to afford the means of comparing the States with each other. Their financial condition is shown at much greater length under the head of "Individual States.' Official returns published in this work for 1843 (page 135) show that the total of the debts of the States in 1842 was $198,818,736. It is apparent, then, that there has been no great reduction

of these debts.

States.

XXVIII. POPULATION OF THE UNITED STATES.

1790. 1800. 1810.

1820.

1830.

1840.

399,955 501,793

269,328

284,574
291,948

280,652
610,408 737,699
97,199 108,830
275,202 297,665 309,978

96,540 151,719 228,705 298,335
141,899 183,762 214,360 244,161
85,416 154,465 217,713 235,764
378,717 423,245 472,040 523,287
69,110 69,122 77,031 83,059
238,141 251,002 262,042
340 120 586,756 959,949 1,372,812 1,918,608 2,428,921 2,604,495
184,139 211,949 249,555 277,575 320,823 373,306
434,373 602,365 810,091 1,049,458 1,348,233 1,724,033
59,098 64,273 72,674 72,749 76,748 78,085
319,728 341,548 380,546 407,350 447,040 470,019
748,308 880,200 974,642 1,065,379 1,211,405 1,239,797
393,751 478,103 555,500 638,829
249,073 345,591 415,715 502,741
82,548 162,101 252,433 340,987

737,987 753,419
581,185 594,398
516,823

Maine,
New Hampshire,
Vermont,
Massachusetts,
Rhode Island,
Connecticut,

New York,
New Jersey,
Pennsylvania,
Delaware,
Maryland,

Virginia,

North Carolina,
South Carolina,
Georgia,

Florida,

Alabama,
Mississippi,
Louisiana,

Arkansas,

Tennessee,
Kentucky,

Ohio,
Michigan,
Indiana,

Illinois,

Missouri,

Dist. of Columbia,

Wisconsin,
Iowa,

Total,

States.

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212,267 304,278 685,866

476,183 643.482 383,702 511,937 43,712

30,945 *211,252 †81,920

43,112

3,929,827 5,305,925 7,239,814 9,638,131 12.866,920 17,063,353 XXIX. SLAVES IN THE UNITED STATES.

1800.

30,791 105,602 261,727
73,077 220,955 406,511
45,365 230,760

4,875

1790.

0

158

17
0

952

2,759 21,324

11,423

20,845 127,901 8,850 40,352 75,448 76,556 153,407 14,273 422,813 564,317

581,434

3,737

8,887 103,036

203,427

100,572

107,094
29,264

3,417 11,830

4,762 24,520

8,896 147.178 55,211

12,282

20,845 66,586 14,093 24,023 33,039

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1810.

135

0

0

3,244

0

103

310

17,088

34,660

20,343

15,017

12,422

10,851

1,706

795

6,153

4,177

105,635

111,502

345,796

392,518

133,296

168,824

146,151 196,365 258,475

44,535

80,561

34,730

309,527

136,621

215,739

30,388 681,904

687,917

779,828

937,903 1,519,467
31,639

24

237

168

343,031

157,455

140,445

39,834

59,404 105,218 149,656

41,879

3,489

32,814

69,064

3,011
5,395

1820.

0

0

48

97

10,088

7,657

211

4,509 107,398

425,153

295,017

1,617

80,107

126,732

190

117

10,222

6,377

691,392 774,325 54,477

590,756 624,827 375,651

352,411

97,574 145,000 829,210

1830.

0

0

0

0

17

25

75

2,254

403

3,292 102,294

469,757

235,601

315,401

217,531

117,549

65,659

109,588

1845.

4,576

141,603

165,213

0 32 0

747

25,081
6,119

15,501

1840.

0

1

0

0

5

17

4

674 64

2,605

89,737

448,987

245.817

327,038

280,944

253,532

195,211

168,452

19,935

183,059

182,258

3

3

331

58,240 4.694

25,717

11

16

697,897 893,041 1,191,364 1,538,064 2,009,031 2,487,355

† May, 1844.

INDIVIDUAL STATES.

I. MAINE.

Government for the Year ending the 1st Wednesday in January, 1852.

Salary.

Governor (term expires on

JOHN HUBBARD,

of Hallowell, the first Wednesday in January, 1852),

John G. Sawyer,

of Augusta,
of Limerick,

Samuel Cony,
Alfred Redington,
Elisha M. Thurston,
Anson P. Morrill,
William Bennett,
James Bates,
John Hodgson,
Moses Sherburne,
Paulinus M. Foster,
Albert H. Small,
Samuel Belcher,
Edmund W. Flagg,

Edward S. Osgood,
Leander Valentine,
John Babson,
John Harriman,

John Wilshire,
Benjamin Wiggin,
Henry Partridge,

Ether Shepley, John S. Tenney, Samuel Wells, Joseph Howard, Henry Tallman, Asa Redington,

of Augusta,
of Charleston,
of Readfield,
of Ellsworth,
of Augusta,

Secretary of State,
Treasurer,

Adjutant-General,

Scc. of Board of Education,
Land Agent,

Warden of State Prison,
Sup't of Insane Hospital,

of

Bank Commissioners.

of Phillips,

of North Anson, President of the Senate, $4 per day.
of Newry,
Secretary of the Senate.

of Farmington, Speaker of the House, 4"
of East Corinth, Clerk of the House.

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$1,500

900

900

200

1,000

1,000

700

800

Attorney-General,

Reporter,

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$1,800 1,800

1,800

1,800

1,000

1,000

of Paris,

Joseph G. Cole,
Richard D. Rice,
Joshua W. Hathaway, of Bangor,

of Augusta,

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Municipal and Police Courts.

Luther Fitch, of Portland; Jacob Smith, of Bath; Spencer A. Pratt, of Bangor; Frederic Greene, of Saco; Benj. A. G. Fuller, of Augusta; Geo. W. Batchelder, of Gardiner; and J. C. Crocker, of East Thomaston, are Judges in these places respectively. Some are paid by salaries, others by

fees.

Pay of the Legislature,

Expenses of the Executive,

Salaries,
Clerks,

Roll of accounts,

Printing, binding, and stationery,
Costs in criminal prosecutions,
Officers of the State Prison, .
Insane Hospital,

District Courts.

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Principal Items of Expenditure.

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Western District, Judge,

Middle

66

66

Eastern

66

FINANCES.

[Extracted from the Report of the State Treasurer.}

Amount of receipts from May 1, 1849, to April 30, 1850, inclusive,
Balance of cash in the Treasury, May 1, 1849, .

Indian annuities,

State roads and bridges,

Militia pensions,

Maine Reports,

Eastman's Digest of do.,

Probate Courts.

Sal

Residences.

ary.

Alfred,
Gorham,
Bristol,
Sedgwick,
E. Machias,
Augusta,
Rumford,
Athens,
Bangor,
Lincolnville,
Phillips,
Blanchard,
Haynesville,

Amount of expenditures from May 1, 1849, to April 30, 1850, inclusive,
Leaving a balance in the Treasury, April 30, 1850, of

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Registers.

Residences.

$400 Joshua Herrick, Kennebunk, $620 500 F. Bradford, Portland,

905

350 Edwin S. Hovey, Thomaston,

650

300

400

700

350

300

300 Warren King,
300 Albert G. Lane,
450 Wm. R. Smith,
200 W. H. Kimball,
200 Albert Moor,
N. Anson,
275 Jas. F. Rawson, Bangor,
200 Charles Palmer, Belfast,
200 Jos. A. Linscott, Phillips,
135 Sherb. W. Elliot, Dover,
160 Theodore Cary, Houlton,

Trenton,
Machias,
Augusta,
Paris,

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Agricultural Societies, $41,690.00 County taxes,

5,007.93 Furniture and repairs,

25,163.02 Contingent fund of Treasurer,

2,800.00 State Prison, . 13,044.30 Public debt paid, 2,500.00 Interest on debt, 23,578.66 Temporary loan, 4,756.25

1,519.50

9,750.09 Direct taxes, . 24,435.56 Land-office,

2,600.00 Permanent school fund,

785.00 School fund, No. 17, . 4,187.33 County taxes,

219.80 Interest on U. S. loan,

1,500.00 Premium on U. S. stock sold,

1,800.00 Interest,

2,123.00 Bank dividends,

1,560.00 Duties on commissions,
1,875.00

Salary. $1,200

1,200

1,200

Salary.

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Chief Sources of Income.

550

300

150

125

165

604,726 52

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2,202.90

24,479.92

1,100.00

1,000.00

3,300.00

124,250.00

61,574.29 82,350.00

190,976 60 132,340.95

2,009.30

27,230.27

14,508.14

8,100.00

7,725.00

3,678.08

700.00

2,170.00

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