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5. IMPORTS AND EXPORTS OF EACH STATE,
During the Year ending June 30, 1849.
Value of Exports.

Value of Imports.
States.
Domestic Foreign

In Amer. In Foreign
Total.

Total.
Produce. Produce.

Vessels. Vessels. Maine,

$1,279,393 $7,288 $ 1,286,63 $ 577,403 $ 144,006 $721,409 New Hampshire,

5,852

26 5,878 51,029 13,322 64,351 Vermont, 299.938 388,931 688,869 147,721

147,721 Massachusetts, 8,174,667 2,090,195 10,264,862 18,367,959 6,377,958 24,745,917 Rhode Island,

172,691 5,461 178,152 230,147 7,331 237,478 Connecticut,

261,000

264,000 220,350 14,393 234,743 New York,

36,738,215 9,224,885 45,963, 100 76,148,308 16,419,061 92,567,369 New Jersey,

355

8
363 3,360

893 4,253 Pennsylvania, 4,850,872 492,549 5,343,421 10,008,073 637,427 10,645,500 Delaware,

37,850
379 33,229

898
502

1,400 Maryland,

7,786,695 213,965 8,000,660 4,613,219 363,512 4,976,731 District of Columbia, 111,607

111,607 35,668

35,668 Virginia,

3,369.422 4,316 3,373,738 223,218 18,7171 241,935 North Carolina,

270,076

270,076 105,975 7,171 113,146 South Carolina, 9,699,875 1,301 9,701,176 996,168

479,527 1,475,695 Georgia, 6,857,806

6,857,806 176,437 194,587 371,024 Florida, 2,518,027

2,518,027 42,311 20,400 63,211 Alabama, 12.823,725

12,823,725 108,913 548,234 657,147 Louisiana,

36,957, 118 654,549 37,611,667 7,853,661 2,197,033 10,050,697 Mississippi,

2,433

2,433 Tennessee,

15,145

15,145 Missouri,

130,382

130,382 Ohio,

149,724

149,724 137,552 12,287 149,839 Kentucky,

79,738

79,738 Michigan, 127,814 5,007 132,851 98,141

98,141 Illinois,

88,412
5 88,417 5,173

4,593 9,766 Texas,

82.791

82.791 2,267 14.333 16,600 Total,

132,666,955 13,088,865/145,755,820 120,332,152 27,475,287 147,857,439

ers

పనిలు.

6. VESSELS BUILT, AND THE TONNAGE THEREOF, IN THE UNITED STATES,

For the Year ending June 30, 1849.
Class of Vessels.

Total num

Total
States.
Schoon. Sloops and

ber of Ves

Tonnage. Ships. Brigs canal-bnais. Steamers. sels built. Tons. 95ths. Maine, 119 107 105

6

7

344 82,255 56 New Hampshire, 8

4

12

6,165 89 Massachusetts, 33 7 68

9

1

118 23,888 84 Rhode Island,

3
4
3

13

2,760 28 Connecticut,

38
14

1
56

5,066 26 New York,

8 64 155

21
265

44,104 26 New Jersey,

57
27

2
87

8,025 55 Pennsylvania, 3 2 27 102

63

197 24,007 73 Delaware,

1

17
5

23

1,880 36 Maryland, 9 9 129

5

152 17,462 93 District of Columbia,

22

22

609 20 Virginia,

2 32

1

2
38

3,094 65 North Carolina,

1 24
3

29

2,032 37 South Carolina,

6

2
8

655 57 Georgia,

1

1
2

756 37 Florida,

1

1

119 88 Alabama,

2

3

106 51 Louisiana,

1 12

4

4
21

1,755 48 Tennessee,

2
2

242 79 Kentucky,

34
34

8,423 33 Missouri,

8
11
19

2,886 51 Illinois,

1
9

13

2,210 84 Ohio,

8
44

63 12,816 92 Michigan,

15
2
8

25 5,148 66 Total, 198 148 623 370

208 1,547 256,577 47

నిలు

7. COMPARATIVE VIEW OF THE TONNAGE OF THE UNITED STATES,

From 1815 to 1849 inclusive, in Tons. Years.

Enrolled (Reg. Tonn. Enrolled and Licensed Tonnage employed in Registered

and licen'a in Whale Coasting Cod Mackerel Tonnage.

Whale Tonnage. Fishery. Trade. Fishery. Fishery. Fishery. 1815 854,294 513,833

435,066 26,570

1,229 1816 800,759 571,458

479,979
37,879

1,168 1817 809,724 590,186 4,874 481,457 53,990

349 1818 606,088 619,095 16,134 503,140 58,551

614 1819 612,930 647,821 31,700 523,556 65,014

686 1820 619,047 661,118 35,391 539,080 60,842

1,053 1821 619,896 679,062 26,073 559,435 51,351

1,924 1822 623.150 696,548 45,449 573,080 58,405

3,133 1823 639,920 696,644 39,918 566,408 67,621

585 1824 669,972 719,190 33,165 589.223 68,419

180 1825 700,787 722,323 35,379 587,273 70,621 1826 737,978 796,210 41,757 666,420 63,761

226 1827 747,170 873,437 45,653 732,937 74,047

338 1828 812,619 928,772 54,621 758,922 74,943

180 1829 650,142 610,654 57.284 508,858 101,796 1830 576,675

615,311 38,911 516,978 61,554 35,973 791 1831 620,451 647,394 82,315 539,723 60.977 46,210

481 1832 686,989 751,460 72,868 649,627 54,027 47,427 377 1833 750,126 856,123 101,158 744,198 62,720 48,725

478 1834 857,438 901,468 108,060 783,618 56.403 61,082

364 1835 885,821 939,118 97,640 792.301 72,374 64,443 1836

897,774 984,328 144.680 873,023 63.307 64,424 1,573 1837

810,447 1,086,238 127,241 956,980 80.551 46,810 1,894 1838 822,591 1,173,047 119,629 1,041, 105 70.064 56.649 5,229 1839 834,244 1,262,234 131,845 1,153,551 72,258 35,983

439 1840 899,764 1,280,999 136,926 1,176,694 76,035 28,269 1841 945,803 1,184,940 157,405 1,107,067 66,551

11,321 1842 975,358 1,117,031 151,612 1,045,753 54.804 16.096

377 1843 1,009,305 1,149,297 152,374 1,076,155 61,224 11,775

142 1844 1,068,764 1,211,330 169,293 1,109.614 85,224 16,170

320 1845 1,094,172 1,321,829 190,695 1.190.898 69.825 21,413

206 1846 1,131,286 1,431.798 186.980 1,289,870 72.516 36,463

439 1847 1,241,312 1,597,232 193,858 1,452,623 70,177 31,451 1848 1,360,886 1,793.155 192.179 1,620,988 82.651 43,558 432 1849 1,439 941 1 895 073 180.186 1.731.410 73.882 42.942

Note. — No separate returns of tonnage employed in the mackerel fishery were made by the collectors of the customs prior to the year 1830.

XII. MINT. It is lawful for any person or persons to bring to the Mint gold and silver bullion to be coined; and the bullion so brought is there assayed and coined, as speedily as may be after the receipt thereof, and, if of the standard of the United States, free of expense to the person or persons by whom it has been brought. But the Treasurer of the Mint is not obliged to receive, for the purpose of refining and coining, any deposit of less value than one hundred dollars, nor any bullion so base as to be unsuitable for minting. And there must be retained from every deposit of bullion below the standard such sum as shall be equivalent to the expense incurred in refining, toughening, and alloying the same; an accurate account of which expense, on every deposit, is kept, and of the sums retained on account of the same, which are accounted for by the Treasurer of the Mint with the Treasurer of the United States.

Officers of the Mint at Philadelphia.
Salary.

Salary.
R. M. Patterson, Director, $ 3,500 James C. Booth, Melter and
Jas. Ross Snowden, Treasurer, 2,500 Refiner,

$ 2,000 Franklin Peale, Chief Coiner, 2,000 Jas. B. Longacre, Engraver, 2,000 Jacob R. Eckfeldt, Assayer, 2,000 W. E. Dubois, Assist. Assayer, 1,300

Officers of the Branch at New Orleans, La. A. W. Redding, Superintend., $ 2,500 John Brooks, Coiner,

$ 2,000 Wm. P. Hort, Assayer, 2,000 W. W. Wickes, Treasurer, 2,500 M.F. Bonzano, Melter & Refiner, 2,000

Officers of the Branch at Dahlonega, Ga. A. W. Redding, Superintend., $2,000 Robert H. Moore, Coiner, 1,500 Isaac L. Todd, Assayer,

1,500

Officers of the Branch at Charlotte, N. C. J.W.Osborne, Superintendent, $ 2,000 Emmor Graham, Coiner, $ 1,500 J. H. Gibbon, Assayer, 1,500 1. Statement of the Deposits for Coinage, at the Mint of the United States

and its Branches, in the Year 1849.

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Statement of the Coinage of the Mint of the United States and its Branches

in the Year 1849.

Denominations. Pieces.

Value.

Denominations.

Pieces.

Value.

GOLD.

SILVER. Eagles, 677,518

Dollars,

62,600 Half- Eagles, 236,929

Half-Dollars, 3,562,000 Quarter-Eagles, 44,459

Quarter-Dollars,

340,000 Dollars,

Dimes,
936,789

1,139,000
$ 9,007,761.50
Half-Dimes,

1,309,000 COPPER.

Total, 12,666,659 $2,114,950.00 Cents, 4,178,500

$ 11,164,695.82 Half-Cents,

39,864 $ 41,984.32 Up to the close of August, 1850, $21,503,454 of California gold was received at the Mint and branches. Up to the same period 608,177 double eagles were coined, value, $ 12,163,540, and 81,170 gold dollars.

3. Coinage of the Mint of the United States, from 1792, including the Coinage

of the Branch Mints from the Commencement of their Operations, in 1838.

Years.

GOLD.

Value.
$ 71,485.00
102,727.50
103, 122.50
205,610.00
213,285.00
317,760.00
422,570.00
423,310.00
258,377.50
258,642.50
170,367.50
324,505.00
437,495.00
284,665.00
169,375,00
501,435.00
497,905,00
290,435.00
477,140 00
77,270.00
3,175.00

1793 -95

1796 1797 1798 1799 1800 1801 1802 1803 1804 1805 1806 1807 1808 1809 1810 1811 1812 1813 1814 1815 1816 1817 1818 1819 1820 1821 1822 1823 1824 1825 1826 1827 1828 1829 1830 1831 1832 1833 1834 1835 1836 1837 1838 1839 1840 1841 1812 1843 1844 1815 1846 1847 1848 1849 Total,

242,940.00

258.615.00 1,319,030.00 189,325.00 88,980.00 72,425.00 93,200.00 156,385.00

92,245.00 131,565.00 140,145.00 295,717.50 643,105.00 714,270.00 798,435.00

978,550.00 3,954,270.00 2,186,175.00 4,135,700.00 1,148,305.00 1,809,595.00 1,355,885.00 1,675,302.50 1,091,597.50 1,834,170.50 8,108,797.50

2,230.00 3,756,447.50 4,034,177.00 20,221,385.00 3,775,512.50 9.007.761.50 85,349,201.50

SILVER.

Value.
$ 370,683.80

79,077.50
12,591.45
330,291.00
423,515.00
224,296.00
74,758.00
58,313.00
87,118.00
100,340.50
149,388.50
471,319.00
597,448.75
684,300.00
707,376.00
638,773.50
608,340.00
814,029.50
620,951.50
561,687.50

17,308.00 28,575.75 607,783.50 1,070,454.50 1,140,000.00

501,680.70 825,762.45 805,806.50 895,550.00 1,752,477.00 1,564,583.00 2,002,090.00 2,869,200.00 1,575,600.00 1,994,578.00 2,495,400.00 3,175,600.00 2,579,000.00 2,759.000.00 3,415,002.00 3,443,003.00 3,606,100.00 2,096.010.00 2,333,243.00 2,189,296.00 1,726,703.00 1,132,750.00 2,332,750.00 3,834,750.00 2,235,550.00 1,873,200.00 2,558,580.00 2,374,450.00 2,040,050.00

2.114.950 00 75,581,461.90

COPPER.

WHOLE COINAGE. Value. No. 01 Pieces. Value. $11,373.00 1,834,420 $ 453,541.80 10,324.40 1,219,370 192,129.40 9,510.34 1,095,165 125.524.29 9,797.00 1,368,241 545,698.00 9,106.68 1,365,681 645,906.68 29,279.40 3,337,972 571,335.40 13,628.37 1,571,390 510,956.37 34,422.83 3.615,869 516,075.83 25,203.03 2,780,830 370,698.53 12,844.94 2,046,839 371,827.94 13,483.48 2,260,361 333,239.48 5,260.00 1,815,409 801.084.00 9,652.21 2,731,345 1,044,595.96 13,090.00 2,935,888 982,055.00

8,001.53 2,861,834 884,752.53 15,660.00 3,056,418 1,155,868.50

2,495.95 1,649,570 1,108,740.95 10,755.00 2,761,616 1,115,219.50 4,180.00 1,755,331 1,102,275.50 3,578.30 1,833,859 642,535.80

69,867 20,483.00 28,209.82 2,888, 135 56.785.57 39,484.00 5,163,967 647,267.50 31.670.00 5,537,084 1,345,064.50 26,710.00 5,074,723 1,425,325.00 44,075,50 6,492,509 1,864,786.20

3,890.00 3,139,249 1,018,977.45 20,723.39 3,813,788 915,509.89 2,166,485

967,975.00 12,620.00 4,786,894 1,858,297.00 14,926.00 5,178,760 1,735,894.00 16,314.25 5,774,434 2,110,679.25 23.557.32 9.097,845 3,024,342.32 25,636.24 6,196,853 1,741,381.24 16,500.00 7,674,501 2,306,875.50 17,115.00 8,357,191 3,155,620.00 33,603.60 11,792,284 3,923,473,60 23,620.00 9,128,387 3,401,055,00 28,160.00 10,307,790 3,765,710.00 19,151.00 11,637.643 7,388,423.00 39,489.00 15,996,342 5,668,667.00 23,100.00 13,719,333 7,761,900.00 55,583.00 13,010,721 3,299,998.00 53,702.00 15,780,311 4,206,540.00 31.286.61 11,811,594 3,576,467.61 24.627.00 10,558,240 3,426,632.50 15,973.67 8,811,963 2,240,321.17 23.833.90 11,743,153 4,190.754.40 24.283.20 4,640,582 11,967.830.70 23,987.52 9,051,834 7,687,767.52 38,918.04 1,806,196 5,668,595,54 41,208.00 10,133,515 6,633,965.00 61,836.69 15,392,344 22,657,671.69 64,157.99 12.649,790 5,879,720.49

41.984.32 12.666.659 11.164,695.82 1,251,743.52 355,947,909 162,182,409.92

XIII. PUBLIC LANDS.

[From the Land Commissioner's Report, Nov. 28th, 1849.) The public lands belonging to the General Government are situated; — 1st. Within the limits of the United States, as defined by the treaty of 1783, and are embraced by the States of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, and that part of Minesota east of the Mississippi River, all of which have been formed out of the Northwestern Territory, as conveyed with certain reservations to the United States by New York in 1781, by Virginia in 1784, by Massachusetts in 1785, and by Connecticut in 1786; also the lands within the boundaries of the States of Mississippi and Alabama north of 31° north latitude, as conveyed to the United States by Georgia in 1802. 2d. Within the territories of Orleans and Louisiana, as acquired from France by the treaty of 1803, including the portion of the States of Alabama and Mississippi south of 31° ; the whole of Louisiana, Arkansas, Missouri, Iowa, and that portion of Minesota west of the Mississippi River ; the Indian Territory; the district called Nebraska; the Territory of Oregon, and the region lying between Oregon and Minesota, north of 420 and south of 49° north latitude. 3d. Within the State of Florida, as obtained from Spain by the treaty of 1819. 4th. In New Mexico and Cali. fornia, as acquired from Mexico, by the treaty of 1848.

Within the limits recognized by these treaties and cessions, the public lands covered an estimated area of 1,584,000,000 acres. To the 30th September, 1849, 146,000,000 acres had been sold, leaving unsold an area of 1,438,000,000 acres, which land, in large bodies or detached tracts, is found in the several States and Territories above mentioned.

The system for surveying and disposing of the public lands was established by the act of 20th May, 1785, and has continued to the present time with but slight modifications. All public lands, before they are offered for sale, are surveyed in ranges of townships of six miles square, which townships are subdivided into thirty-six sections of one mile square, each section generally containing 640 acres. This subdivision is made by lines crossing each other at right angles, and running to the cardinal points of the compass. The sections are numbered from 1 to 36, beginning at the northeastern corner of the township, and counting alternately from east to west, and from west to east, and are subdivided into quarters, or 160 acres, eighths, or 80 acres, and sixteenths, or 40 acres. The corners of townships, sections and quarter-sections, are designated by monuments established by surveyors in the field. After the lands have been thus surveyed, they are proclaimed by the President for sale at public auction, at not less than $ 1.25 per acre; and such as thereafter remain unsold may be purchased at private sale at that rate.

The security of titles under this system is nearly perfect, as is shown by the fact, that, notwithstanding the extent of sales of land, and the number and variety of purchasers, there has been but little litigation as to bounda

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