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HEARING

BEFORE A

SUBCOMMITTEE OF THE
COMMITTEE ON MILITARY AFFAIRS

UNITED STATES SENATE

SIXTY-FOURTH CONGRESS

SECOND SESSION

ON

. S. 1695
A BILL TO PROVIDE FOR THE MILITARY AND NAVAL
TRAINING OF THE CITIZEN FORCES OF

THE UNITED STATES

Printed for the use of the Committee on Military Affairs

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BEFORE A

HEARING

634 SUBCOMMITTEE OF THE COMMITTEE ON MILITARY AFFAIRS

UNITED STATES SENATE

SIXTY-FOURTH CONGRESS

SECOND SESSION

ON

S. 1695

A BILL TO PROVIDE FOR THE MILITARY AND NAVAL
TRAINING OF THE CITIZEN FORCES OF

THE UNITED STATES

Printed for the use of the Committee on Military Affairs

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COMMITTEE ON MILITARY AFFAIRS.

GEO, E. CHAMBERLAIN, Oregon, Chairman. GILBERT M. HITCHCOCK, Nebraska.

HENRY A. DU PONT, Delaware. LUKE LEA, Tennessee.

FRANCIS E. WARREN, Wyoming. DUNCAN U. FLETCHER, Florida.

THOMAS B. CATRON, New Mexico. HENRY L. MYERS, Montana.

JAMES H. BRADY, Idaho. CHARLES S. THOMAS, Colorado.

NATHAN GOFF, West Virginia. MORRIS SHEPPARD, Texas.

LEBARON B. COLT, Rhode Island. J.C W. BECKHAM, Kentucky.

JOHN W. WEEKS, Massachusetts.
ROBERT F. BROUSSARD, Louisiana.
WILLIAM F. KIRBY, Arkansas.

CARALYN B, SHELTON, Clerk.
HUBERT GRANT, Assistant Clerk.

SUBCOMMITTEE ON S. 1695.

0, E. CHAMBERLAIN, Oregon.

JAMES H. BRADY, Idaho. ARLES S. THOMAS, Colorado.

EDWARD J. HICKEY, Assistant Clerk.

D. of D.
MAR 31 1917

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UNITED STATES SENATE,
COMMITTEE ON MILITARY AFFAIRS,

Washington, D. C. The subcommittee met at 10 o'clock a, m, in the committee room at the Capitolfor the purpose of considering the bill S. 1695 to provide for the military and naval training of the citizen forces of the United States, Senator Geo. E. Chamberlain presiding.

Present: Senators Chamberlain (chairman), Thomas, and Brady. Present also: Hon. Walter L. Fisher and others.

STATEMENT OF THE CHAIRMAN.

The CHAIRMAN. Gentlemen of the committee, ladies and gentlemen, those in attendance on this hearing, permit me to say as a prelude to the hearing that is about to begin that one year ago I introduced a bill in the Senate of the United States, known as S. 1695, to provide for the military and naval training of the citizen forces of the United States. That bill was referred to the Committee on Military Affairs of the Senate, and, a little later, about the 29th of December, 1915, this bill was referred to the Secretary of War for suggestions there and criticisms of the General Staff. On the 24th of February, 1916, the General Staff, through Gen. Scott, Acting Secretary of War, reported a suggested substitute, or rather suggested a number of amendments to this bill, and I am going to ask to have S. 1695, as well as the General Staff bill, printed in the record for the convenience of persons who desire to know what there is in the two.

Since the report of the Acting Secretary of War was made, suggesting a substitute for S. 1695, I am advised that the War Department, through the General Staff, has gone into this whole subject at greater length, and, after more deliberate investigation, in view of the time that has been allowed for that purpose, is preparing another measure which, in their opinion, if approved by the department will more nearly suit present-day conditions. I desire to have this last proposed measure if finally completed printed with the other measures to which I have directed attention.

Still later on, Capt. Moseley, of the General Staff, who took a great interest in the subject of military training, prepared a bill, using S. 1695 and the bill as suggested by the General Staff as a basis for the bill that was prepared by him, covering the whole subject of universal military training, and I will have the Moseley draft, as it is known, printed in the record with the other two, so that all the measures that have been suggested for universal military training may be

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