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not exceeding eighty, as may be available for assignment thereto for. military training and service.

The permanent personnel of each Infantry machine-gun company of the training forces shall consist of one captain (mounted), one first lieutenant (mounted), two second lieutenants (mounted), one first sergeant (mounted), one mess sergeant (mounted), one supply sergeant (mounted), one stable sergeant (mounted), one horseshoer, four sergeants, four corporals, two cooks, two mechanics, one bugler, and six privates, first class.

Its temporary personnel shall consist of such reserve officers and noncommissioned officers as may be attached thereto and of such number of recruits, not exceeding one hundred, as may be available for assignment thereto for military training and service.

The permanent personnel of each Infantry supply company of the training forces shall consist of one captain (mounted), one second lieutenant (mounted), three regimental supply sergeants (mounted), one first sergeant (mounted), one mess sergeant, one stable sergeant (mounted), one corporal (mounted), one cook, one saddler, one horseshoer, and twenty-seven wagoners.

Its temporary personnel shall consist of such reserve officers and noncommissioned officers as may be attached thereto and of such number of recruits, not exceeding fifty, as may be available for assignment thereto for military training and service.

Each Infantry regiment, battalion, headquarters company, machine-gun company, supply company, and company in battalion of the first and second reserves shall, as far as practicable, have the organization and personnel equivalent in numbers and grades to that prescribed herein for like units of the oversea garrisons.

SEC. 24. COMPOSITION OF CAVALRY UNITS.—Each Cavalry regiment, squadron, headquarters troop, machine-gun troop, supply troop, and troop in squadron of the oversea garrisons and frontier forces shall have the organization and the maximum pesonnel now provided by law,

Each regiment of Cavalry of the training forces shall consist of one colonel, one lieutenant colonel, and one captain, all of the permanent personnel, one headquarters troop, one machine-gun troop, one supply troop, and twelve troops organized into three squadrons of four troops each.

Each squadron shall consist of one major and one first lieutenant, both of the permanent personnel and four troops.

The permanent personnel of each troop in squadron of the training forces shall consist of one captain, one first lieutenant, one second lieutenant, one first sergeant, one mess sergeant, one supply sergeant, one stable sergeant, three sergeants, four corporals, two cooks, two horseshoers, one saddler, one bugler, and eight privates, first class.

Its temporary personnel shall consist of such reserve officers and noncommissioned officers as may be attached thereto, and of such number of recruits, Dot exceeding one hundred and forty, as may be available for assignment thereto for military training and service.

The permanent personnel of each headquarters troop of the training forces shall consist of one captain (regimental adjutant), one regimental sergeant inajor, three squadron sergeants major, one first sergeant (drum major), two color sergeants, one mess sergeant, one supply sergeant, one stable sergeant, one sergeant. two corporals, two cooks, two horseshoers, one saddler, seven privates (first class ), one band leader, one assistant band leader, one sergeant bugler, two band sergeants, and four band corporals.

Its temporary personnel shall consist of such reserve officers and noncommissioned officers as may be attached thereto, and of such number of recruits, not exceeding one hundred and fifteen, as may be available for assignment thereto for military training and service.

The permanent personnel of each machine-gun troop of the training forces shall consist of one captain, one first lieutenant, two second lieutenants, one first sergeant, one mess sergeant, one supply sergeant, one stable sergeant, two horseshoers, four sergeants, four corporals, two cooks, two mechanics, one saddler, one bugler, and nine privates (first class).

Its temporary personnel shall consist of such reserve officers and noncommissioned officers as may be attached thereto, and of such number of recruits, not exceeding one hundred and twenty, as may be available for assignment thereto for military training and service.

The permanent personnel of each supply troop of the training forces shall consist of one captain (regimental supply officer), two second lieutenants, three regimental supply sergeants, one first sergeant, one mess sergeant, one stable sergeant, two corporals, two cooks, two horseshoers, two saddlers, and thirty-seven wagoners.

Its temporary personnel shall consist of such reserve officers and noncommissioned officers as may be attached thereto, and of such number of recruits, not exceeding seventy, as may be available for assignment thereto for military training and service.

Each Cavalry regiment, squadron, headquarters troop, machine-gun troop, supply troop, and troop in squadron of the first and second reserves shall, as far as practicable, have the organization and personnel equivalent in numbers and grades to that prescribed herein for like units of the oversea garrisons.

SEC. 25. COMPOSITION OF FIELD ARTILLERY UNITS.-In time of peace the Field Artillery shall consist of regiments of mountain artillery, light artillery, horse artillery, and heavy artillery of field and siege types. In time of actual or threatened hostilities the President is authorized to organize from any available personnel such number of ammunition batteries and battalions, depot batteries and battalions, and such artillery parks, with such numbers of grades and personnel and such organization as he may deem necessary. Each regiment of Field Artillery of the over-sea garrisons, frontier forces, and training forces shall consist of one colonel, one lieutenant colonel, and one captain, one headquarters company, one supply company, and such number of gun and howitzer battalions as the President may direct, and the President may, in his discretion, direct the assembling in the same regiment of gun and howitzer battalions of different calibers and classes. Each gun or howitzer battalion of two or three batteries, each headquarters company of a regiment of two or three battallions, each supply company of a regiment of two or three battalions, and each gun or howitzer battery of the over-sea garrison or frontier forces shall have the organization and the maximum personnel now provided by law.

The permanent personnel of each four-and-seven-tenths-inch gun or six-inch howitzer battery of the training forces shall consist of one captain, two first lieutenants, two second lieutenants, one first sergeant, one mess sergeant, one supply sergeant, one stable sergeant, six sergeants, eleven corporals, one chief mechanic, three mechanics, one bugler, three cooks, one saddler, three horseshoers, and ten privates, first class.

Its temporary personnel shall consist of such reserve officers and noncommissioned officers as may be attached thereto and of such number of recruits, not exceeding two hundred and twenty, as may be available for assignment thereto for military training and service.

The permanent personnel of each three-inch gun or three-and-eighth-tenthsinch howitzer battery shall be the same as prescribed for a four-and-seventenths-inch gun battery increased by the addition of thirteen privates (first class), and that of each horse three-inch gun or three-and-eight-tenths-inch howitzer battery shall be the same as prescribed for a four-and-seven-tenthsinch gun battery increased by the addition of twenty-five privates, first class, and four privates. The maximum number of recruits that may be assigned to a three-inch gun or three-and-eight-tenths-inch howitzer battery, either light or horse, shall be two hundred and fifty-five.

The permanent personnel of a headquarters company of a regiment of two battalions of the training forces shall consist of one captain, one first lieutenant, one regimental sergeant major, two battalion sergeants major, one first sergeant, one sergeant bugler, two color sergeants, one mess sergeant, one supply sergeant, one stable sergeant, one sergeant, three corporals, one horseshoer, one saddler, one mechanic, one bugler, two cooks, five privates, first class, one band leader, one assistant band leader, two band sergeants, and four band corporals.

When such regiment consists of three battalions, there shall be added to the permanent personnel of the headquarters company one battalion sergeant major, one corporal, one horseshoer, one mechanic, and one cook.

The temporary personnel of a headquarters company shall consist of such reserve officers and noncommissioned officers as may be attached thereto and of such number of recruits, not exceeding one hundred and fifty for a headquarters company of a two-battalion regiment and not exceeding one hundred and thirty-five for a headquarters company of a three-battalion regiment, as may be available for assignment thereto.

The permanent personnel of each supply company of a regiment of two battalions of the training forces shall consist of one captain, one first lieutenant, two regimental supply sergeants, one first sergeant, one mess sergeant, iwo corporals, two cooks, two horseshoers, two saddlers, two privates, and twenty-one wagoners.

The permanent personnel of a supply company of a regiment of three battallions of the training forces shall consist of one captain, one first lieutenant, ont second lieutenant, three regimental supply sergeants, one first sergeant, one mess sergeant, two corporals, two horseshoers, two saddlers, one cook, five wagoners (chauffeurs), and three privates.

The temporary personnel of a supply company of a Field Artillery regiment of the training forces shall consist of such reserve officers and noncommissioned officers as may be attached thereto and of such number of recruits, not exceeding forty-five for a supply company of a two-battalion regiment and not exceeding fifty for a supply company of a three-battalion regiment, as may be available for assignment thereto,

The permanent personnel of each battalion of Field Artillery of the training forces shall consist of one major and one captain. It shall be composed of either two or three gun or howitzer batteries, as the President may direct.

Each Field Artillery regiment, battalion, headquarters company, supply (umpany, and gun or howitzer battery of the first and second reserves shall, as far as practicable, have the organization and personnel equivalent in numbers and grades to that prescribed herein for like units of the oversea garrisons.

Sec. 26. COAST ARTILLERY CORPS.-The permanent personnel of the Coast Artillery Corps shall consist of one Chief of Coast Artillery with the rank, pay, and allowances of a major general, twenty-eight colonels, twenty-eight lieutenant colonels, eighty-five majors, four hundred and twenty-three captains, four hundred and twenty-three first lieutenants, four hundred and twentythree second lieutenants, thirty-one sergeants major, senior grade, sixty-four sergeants major, junior grade, sixty-two master gunners, forty-one master electricians, seventy-two engineers, ninety-nine electrician sergeants, first class, two hundred and seventy-five assistant engineers, ninety-nine electrician sergeants, second class, one hundred and six firemen, ninety-three radio sergeants, three hundred and nineteen first sergeants, three hundred and nineteen supply sergeants, three hundred and nineteen mess sergeants, two thousand five hundred and fifty-two sergeants, three thousand eight hundred and twenty-eight corporals, six hundred and thirty-eight cooks, six hundred and thirty-eight mechanics, two hundred and forty-two buglers, two thousand four hundred and forty-eight privates, first class, seven thousand three hundred and fortymine prirates, twenty band leaders, twenty assistant band leaders, forty band sergeants, and eight band corporals.

The temporary personnel of the Coast Artillery Corps shall consist of such reserve officers and noncommissioned officers as may be attached thereto and of such number of recruits, not exceeding seventeen thousand, as may be arailable for assignment thereto.

So much of the permanent commissioned and enlisted personnel enumerated in this section as shall be required therefor, together with the recruits of the temporary personnel, shall be organized into such types of Coast Artillery units of the oversea garrisons, the frontier forces, and the training forces with such organization and personnel as the President may direct: Provided, That the number of Coast Artillery bands organized in either the oversea garrisons or the frontier forces or the training forces, shall not exceed one for pvery fifteen company units or equivalent organizations actually organized.

The Coast Artillery units of the first and second reserves shall be organized in such types and numbers and with such organization and personnel as the President may prescribe.

SEC. 27. All existing laws pertaining to or affecting the United States Military Academy and civilian or military personnel on duty thereat in any capacity whatever, the officers and enlisted men on the retired list, the detached and additional officers under the act of Congress approved June third, nineteen hundred and sixteen, recruiting pa rties, recruit depots and unassigned recruits, service-school detachments, United States disciplinary barracks guards, diseiplinary organizations, the Philippine Scouts, and Indian Scouts shall continue and remain in force, except such parts thereof as are in conflict with the provisions of this act.

SEC, 28. ORIGINAL APPOINTMENTS TO BE PROVISIONAL.--Hereafter all original appointments of persons other than graduates of the t'nited States Military Academy to permanent commissioned grade in the United States Army shall be provisional for a period of two years or temporary for a period of one year, at the close of which period such appointments shall be made permanent in the grade then held by the appointees if they shall have demonstrated, under regulations to be prescribed by the President, their suitability and moral, professional, and physical fitness for such permanent appointment, but should any appointee fail so to demonstrate his suitability and fitness his appointment shall terminate: Provided, That whenever any person holding a provisional or temporary appointment or commission in the permanent commissioned personnel of the United States Army shall bave been reported by the commander of his regiment, separate battalion, or equivalent unit as not possessing the required degree of adaptability for the military service or as having given evidence of traits of character or habits which serve to render his retention in the service undesirable or as disqualified for service, physically or in character through his own misconduct, and such report is approved by the commander of the divisional area in which such report originated, the President may at once revoke the provisional appointment or commission of such officer and discharge him from the service of the United States,

Sec. 29. Vacancies in the grades of general officers existing on the date of the passage of this act, or created by the provisions thereof, shall be filled as now provided by law : Prorided, That when the number of colonels of the line is reduced below the number of regiments or equivalent units authorized for the line, the President, in making appointments to the grade of brigadier general, is hereby authorized to extend his selection below the grade of colonel of the line by a number of successive files in the line equal to the difference betweeen such number of regiments or equivalent units and the actual number of such colonels.

The names of all officers in each grade in the Infantry, Cavalry, Field Artillery, and Coast Artillery Corps shall be arranged upon one list for said four arms combined in the order of the seniority of the officers concerned, determined by length of commissioned service computed as herein provided, and in like manner the names of all officers in each grade in each staff corps and department shall be arranged upon one list for each such corps and department. All officers who are cominissioned or appointed in the permanent personnel of the said four arms combined or in any staff corps or department shall hereafter be promoted subject to such examinations as the President may prescribe upon completion of the following number of years of commissioned service computed as herein provided, to wit: To the grade of first lieutenant after four years, and to the grade of captain after nine years; and no officer shall be eligible for promotion to the grade of major until after he shall have had nineteen years of such service or to the grade of lieutenant colonel until after he shall have had twenty-four years of such service or to the grade of colonel until after he shall have had twenty-seven years of such service, but no officer shall be promoted to the grade of major, lieutenant colonel, or colonel when his promotion would operate to increase the number of officers in such grade more than five per centum in excess of the number authorized therefor by this act, and all promotions to the grades of major, lieutenant colonel, and colonel shall be made from officers in the next lower grade on the list of the four arms combined and from officers in the next lower grade on the list of the several staff corps and departments according to seniority: Provided, That the total number of officers authorized for the four arms combined or for any staff corps or department shall not be exceeded. In time of actual hostilities the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, is hereby authorized to fill vacancies occurring in the commissioned personnel of the first and second reserves, by the promotion to reserve commissions of temporary or permanent officers in accordance with their demonstrated ability in the field and without regard to grade or rank; and in time of actual or threatened hostilities the President alone 18 hereby authorized to fill vacancies occurring by the detachment of officers or otherwise in permanent commissioned grades in each Infantry or Cavalry division of Coast Artillery district in the over-sea garrisons, the frontier forces, and the training forces by the promotion to temporary commissions of officers serving therewith according to seniority as determined by said grade list for said four arms combined and by the grade lists for the several corps and departments: Provided further. That chaplains and dental surgeons shall not be promoted above the grade of ma jor.

In computing length of commissioned service for rank and promotion, credit shall be given as follows: One day's credit for each day's commissioned service in the Regular Army, the Volunteers, the Navy, and the Marine Corps, and in the case of officers of the Medical Corps one day's credit for each day's service on the active list in the Medical Reserve Corps. One day's credit for each five days' commissioned service in the National Guard or Organized Militia not in the service of the l'nited States, or as a noncommissioned officer in the Regular Army or in the permanent personnel of the United States Army as a cadet officer, or in the senior division of the Reserve Officers' Training Corps, or in a cadet corps in a recognized school or college where a course in military training and instruction substantially equivalent to that prescribed for the senior division of the Reserve Officers' Training Corps was conducted, under the supervision of an officer of the Regular Army. Two days' credit for each five days commissioned service in the National Guard or Organized Militia in the service of the United States.

In computing length of commissioned service for promotion, constructive credits shall be given as follows: To chaplains and to officers of the Medical Corps and Dental Corps, four years. To officers heretofore appointed in the permanent staff corps and departments whose original appointment in such corps or department was in the grade of captain, nine years: Provided, That such constructive service shall include any and all commissioned service prior to appointment to the grade of captain, except that nothing herein shall operate to deprive any officer of any credit for actual commissioned service in excess of nine years to which he would otherwise be entitled.

To officers heretofore appointed in the permanent staff corps and departments whose original appointment in said staff corps or department was in the grade of major, nineteen years: Provided, That such constructive service shall include any and all commissioned service prior to appointment as major, except that nothing herein shall operate to deprive any officer of any credit for actual commissioned service in excess of nineteen years to which he would otherwise have been entitled.

To officers retired and thereafter restored to the active list, such amount of constructive service as shall be necessary under the provisions of this section for them to have reached the grade to which restored on the active list: Prorided. That such constructive service shall include all commissioned service prior to such restoration.

To graduates of the United States Military Academy as follows: To graduates of the classes of nineteen hundred and seventeen and nineteen hundred and eighteen, such constructive service as shall be required to place them, respectively, for purpose of future promotion only immediately after the members of the classes of nineteen hundred and sixteen and nineteen hundred and seventeen; to the class of nineteen hundred and nineteen and each succeedling class, two years' constructive service prior to graduation: Prorided, That for the purpose of this section the classes of nineteen hundred and sixteen and nineteen bundred and serenteen shall be deemed to include only such members thereof as shall have not lost rank, files, or service for promotion because of sentence of court-martial or failure to pass a prescribed examination for promotion.

To any officer who has heretofore lost files or who shall hereafter lose files or service for promotion by reason of a sentence of a court-martial or failure to pass a required examination for promotion, only such service for promotion as shall be required to render him eligible for promotion next after the officer who is his immediate senior on the lineal list of his arm or corps pursuant to such sentence or such failure to pass a required examination : Prorided. That such service for promotion shall be in lieu of all other service therefor and shall be subject to change whenever it will be necessary to carry into effect any loss of files or service for promotion hereafter incurred by any officer by reason of a court-martial or failure to pass a required examination for promotion: Porided further. That whenever credit for service shall be given to carry into effect any sentence of a court-martial or to fix the length of service for promotion of any officer in accordance with his failure to pass a required examination for promotion, and the credit so given shall, because of an increase in his arm or corps, credit such officer with less total service for promotion than he would have to his credit if such increase has not occurred, such officer shall be credited with such service for promotion as he would have had to his credit if such increase had not occurred : Prorided further, That the constructive service above described is authorized for the purpose of regulating only rank and promotion, and for all other purposes length of service shall be determined, credited, and allowed as now provided by law: And provided further, That the President is hereby authorized to delegate to the Secretary of War the duty of signing any or all commissions of persons appointed in the permanent

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