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SEC. 23 22. That the President-shall-appoint-and-commission effieers-in-the-Citizen-Armr, in the Citizen-Nary, -and-in-their reserves as hereinafter provided:

Beginning from the first-dar of January-after the passage of this aet-all-appointments and commissions of officers in the Citizen Arms-and Nary-shall-be-profisionat,-and-shatt-eontinue-in feree; unless Faeated by promotion or otherwise terminated by law, for period of three years.

For-one rear, beginning with-the-first-day-of January-after-the passage-of-this-aet, provisional-appointments-and-commissions shalt-be-to-the-grades-of-eaptain, first-tieutenant-and-second-tiet tenant in the organizations herein authorizedt.

F#o-Fears from the first-dar of January-after-the-passage of this aet-provisional appointments and commissions shall be to the grades of-major, captain, first tieutenant, and second-ieutenant-in-the organization herein authorized.

Three-years-from the first day of January-after the passage of this het provisionat-appointments shall be to the-grades-of-colonel, lieutenant-colonel, major,-captain, first-lieutenant, -and-second lieutenant-in-the-organizations herein authorized; and thereafter shalt-be-te all the grades enumerated in this seetion: Provided, That in time-of-war or imminent danger-appointments and com missions to all grades mar be made-as authorized by law for the armies of the United States. That the members of the Citizen Army and Citizen Navy, trained during the first and second years, after the passage of this act, shall be given such provisional organization as may be necessary, in the discretion of the President, to effect their prompt and orderly mobilization in the event of sudden emergency, and the President is hereby authorized to appoint and commission provisionally for a term of three years all officers in the Citizen Army and in the Citizen Navy necessary for such organization and for the training of the members of he units thereof.

Four After three years from the first day of January. after the passage of this act the President is authorized to make original permanent appointments and commission officers to vacancies in organizations of the Citizen Army and Navy and in their reserves then existing, under such regulations as he may prescribe as to physical and mental requirements, grade for grade, from the officers then holding provisional appointments in these forces: Provided, That in case of failure of any officer to meet the prescribed requirements he shall, (a) upon the recommendation of the examining board, pass immediately to the reserve with the rank held by him at the time of the examination; (b) upon the recommendation of the board, be honorably discharged from the service: Provided, That for cause the President may revoke the appointment of any commissioned officer of the Citizen Army or Navy and of their reserves.

Original provisional appointments to the grades enumerated in this section shall, under such regulations as the President may prescribe as to age, mental and physical requirements, and previous military service, be from (a) those who are serving or have had previous service as officers of the Regular Army or Navy; (b) graduates of institutions having satisfactory military or naval training or of the Reserve Officers' Training Corps; (c) those who have had service as officers in the Organized Militia or Naval Militia of the United States; (d) enlisted men of the Regular Army or Navy and those who have served therein; (e) those who have satisfactorily completed training in the Citizen Cadet Corps.

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Promotion of officers holding provisional appointments shall be under such regulations as the President may prescribe.

SEC. 24 23. That all vacancies existing in the organizations of the Citizen Army and Navy and their reserves four years from the first day of January after the passage of this act, not filled as hereinbefore prescribed, all vacancies occurring thereafter, and all vacancies caused by the organization of new units, except in the grade of second lieutenant, shall be filled from officers of the next lower grade of the arm of the service in the district in which the vacancies occur, · under such regulations as to examination as the President may prescribe: Provided, That seniority to be given to an officer on promotion shall be determined by his order of merit among those of the same grade promoted on the same date in the examination for promotion to that rank.

Sec. 25. 24. That the President is authorized, under such regulations as he may prescribe, to appoint and commission officers to the grade of second lieutenant of the Citizen Army and Navy from

(a) Graduates of institutions having military or naval training..

(b) Those who have had commissioned or enlisted service in the Regular Army or Navy and suitable enlisted men serving therein.

(c) Those who have had commissioned or enlisted service in the Militia or Naval Militia and those who are serving therein.

(d) Those who have completed the Citizen Cadet Corps training and the first year of training in the Citizen Army or Navy.

(e) Those who have served in military organizations not mentioned herein who demonstrate their fitness for such commissions.

Sec. 26 25. That the President is hereby authorized to call into the service of the United States such members of the Medical Reserve Corps, and for such periods of time, as may be necessary to exercise assist in exercising proper sanitary supervision of training centers and training camps, and to make assist in making the necessary physical examinations of persons liable to be trained in the Citizen Cadet Corps, in the Citizen Army and Navy, and in their reserves.

SEC. 27 26. That nothing contained in this act shall prevent any member of the Citizen Army or Navy from enlisting or accepting a commission in the Regular Army or Navy, or in the Militia or Volunteer forces when called into the service of the United States.

SEC. 28 27. That under such regulations as the Secretary of War may prescribe, noncommissioned officers in the Citizen Army and its reserves shall be appointed: (a) By district commandants for companies, troops, batteries, and detachments of the several staff corps under their command which are not a part of any permanently organized battalion, squadron, or regiment; (b) by battalion and squadron commanders for companies, troops, or batteries which are not a part of any permanently organized regiment; (c) by regimental or coast-defense commanders.

Sec. 29 28. That under such regulations as the Secretary of the Navy shall prescribe, warrant officers and petty officers of the Citizen Navy and its reserves shall be appointed by the commanding officers of vessels on which such members of the Citizen Navy may be serving, or by the commandant of navy yards or naval reservations to which such members of the Citizen Navy may be assigned.

Sec. 30 29. That persons trained in the Citizen Cadet Corps or the Citizen Army and the reserves thereof may, when called into the service of the United States by the President, be assigned to active service with the Marine Corps of the Navy when the public interests demand such assignment.

SEC. 31 30. That persons undergoing training as members of the Citizen Cadet Corps, of the Citizen Army and Navy, shall not be entitled to pay. While undergoing training in camps of instruction and on board of training ships as herein provided they shall be entitled to the actual cost of transportation going to or returning from said camps and training ships and to their subsistence and necessary medical attendance while actually serving therein.

SEC. 32 31. That members of the Citizen Cadet Corps undergoing training in the first period shall not be provided with nor wear a uniform. Members of the Citizen Cadet Corps undergoing training in the second and third periods shall be entitled to wear the prescribed uniforms, and those of the third period shall be provided by the United States with the absolutely necessary uniforms for use during the periods of actual training in camps of instruction. Members undergoing training in the Citizen Army and Navy shall be entitled to and be provided with the necessary service uniform, the type of which shall be that of the Regular Army or Navy, and the amounts shall be prescribed by the Secretary of War or Navy, with such distinctive insignia:as may be prescribed. The uniforms so provided and issued by the Government shall be worn only while present at estabHished camps places of instruction, maneuvers, or aboard ship: Provided, That nothing herein stated shall be construed to prohibit the use at any time of uniforms purchased by those entitled to wear them or the wearing of uniforms prescribed by universities, colleges, academies, and schools, or military or naval organizations.

SEC. 33 32. That any person who, not being a member of the Regular Army or Nary, the Organized Militia, the Citizen Cadet Corps, of the Citizen Army or Navy, and their reserves, wears any uniform or any colorable imitation thereof shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and shall be punished by a fine not exceeding $50: Provided, That this section shall not prevent any person from wearing such uniform in any staged play, musical performance, or a bona fide military and naval representation.

SEC. 34 33. That no intoxicating or spirituous liquors shall be sold or supplicd and-ne-persons-shatt-have any suehintoxieating orspirituous tiguers-in-his-possession at any military of naval station, camp, fort, post, or aboard ship during such time as the training of persons as prescribed in this act is proceeding in such military or naval comp, fort, post, or aboard ship, except as prescribed for purely medical purposes.

SEC. 3. 34. That no intoxicating or spirituous liquors shall be sold to any member of the Citizen Cader Corps while in uniform, nor shall any intoxicating or spirituous liquors, except as prescribed by a duly qualified medical practitioner, be supplied to any such cadet while in uniform. Any person violating this or any preceding section shall, on conviction thereof, be subject to a fine of $100.

Sec. 36 35. That the arms, ammunition, equipment, and other military and naval supplies necessary for the training provided for by this act shall be issued in such quantities as may be prescribed by the Secretary of War or the Secretary of the Navy, respectvely, and as Congress may duly authorize by apporpriation therefor.

Sec. 36. That persons undergoing training in the Citizen Army or the Citizen Navy and their reserves, when mobilized and called into the active service of the United States, as provided in section twenty one of this act, except for training shall receive the same pay and allowances as may be authorized by law for corresponding grades in the Regular Army or Navy and shall be subjeet to the Rules and Artieles of War, fealled to serviee-with-the-Army, and to the tars and regulations for the government of the Narriteatedłto-serviee with the Nark.

SEC. 28 37. That members of the Citizen Army or Navy and their reserves who incur disabilities in line of duty while in active service or while actually undergoing training, and while proceeding from their homes to training centers and camps of instruction, and returning therefrom to their homes, shall be entitled to pensions as provided under existing laws: Provided, That no member of the Citizen Cadet Corps, the Citizen Army, or the Citizen Navy shall be eligible to retirement or to retired pay.

SEC. 29 38. That for the purposes of carrying out the provisions of this act, in so far as they relate to the Citizen Cadet Corps, the Citizen Army and its reserves, there shall be established in the War Department a division of the General Staff Corps which shall be known as the Citizen Army Division of the General Staff Corps. The personnel of this division shall consist of seven officers, who shall be additional members of the General Staff Corps, and one of whom shall have the rank of major or captain, and be detailed from the Medical Department. The remaining personnel shall have one representative detailed, respectively, from the Infantry, Cavalry, Field Artillery, Coast Artillery Corps, and Engineer Corps. The chief of this division shall have the rank of colonel, the assistant chief shall have the rank of lieutenant colonel, and the remaining members from the line of the Army shall have the rank of major or captain, and it shall be the duty of this division to supervise the training, supply, and administration of the Citizen Cadet Corps, Citizen Army, and its reserves: Provided. That-the-continental limits of the United States shall be dirided-into-fifty-inspeetion-distriets, and there-shatt be-an-offieer-of-the-line-of-the-Army-with-the-rank-of-eaptain,-designated-and-appointed-as-inspector-of-sait-inspeetier-distriet, whese duties shall be-to-inspeet-and-supervise-the-training in the severał training-distriets-ineluded-within-the-limits-of-his-inspeetien-distriet: Provided further, That-there-shall-be-detailed from the Regular Arm-to-each-congressionat-distriet-and the Distriet-of-Columbia, hereinbefore-designated as training distriets,-a-distriet-eommandant, she-half of these-se-detailed shatt-have-the rank of first tieutenant od the other half-shatt-have-the-rank-of-second lieutenant That the President is hereby authorized to detail officers of the Regular Army and Navy of the grades of first lieutenant to colonel, inclusive, and of equivalent grades in the Navy, for duty with and for the training of the Citizen Cadet Corps, the Citizen Army, the Citizen Navy, and their reserves, in such numbers as he may deem necessary: Provided further, That the number so detailed from each grade shall be in proportion to the number in that grade now provided by law for the whole Army: And provided further. That officers so detailed shall be subject to the provisions of section twenty-seven of the act of February second, nineteen hundred and one, relative to details in the Staff Corps.

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Sec. 40. That the officers hereinbefore designated-as-distriet-in speetors-and distriet-commandants-shaltbe additional officers in their respeetife-grades, and the-facancies-eaused by their detail-shall be-filled by promotion-or-appointment-in-the Regular-Army: Pro vided, That-offieers-so-detailed as-distriet-commandants-and distriet inspeetors mar be relieved broffieers of the corresponding grades-of the Regular-Army, and officers so relieved shall-be-assigned to the duties of their-grade with the Regular-Army: Provided further, That effieers-thus-detailed shall be subjeet-to-the-requirements-of-the-aet of Congress-approved Mareh third, nineteen hundred and eleven.

SEC. 41 39. That for the purpose of carrying out the provisions of this act, in so far as they relate to the Citizen Navy and its reserves, there shall be established in the Navy Department a division of the office of the aid for naval operations. The personnel of this division shall consist of two officers, one of whom shall have the rank of captain, who will be the chief of this division, and the other shall have the rank of commander and be the assistant chief of this division, and it shall be the duty of this division to supervise the training, supply, and administration of the Citizen Navy and its reserves: Provided, That there shall be detailed from the Navy to each training district, as herein designated, a district commandant, who shall have the rank of junior lieutenant. The officers herein above designated as district commandant shall be additional officers in their respective grades, and the vacancies caused by their details shall be filled by promotion in the Navy: Provided further, That officers so detailed as district commandant may be relieved by other officers of the corresponding grades of the Navy, and officers so relieved shall be assigned to the duties of his grade with the Navy: And provided further, That officers on the retired list of the Navy may be detailed for duty as direet district commandants.

Sec. 40. That the President is hereby authorized to detail for duty with and the training of the Citizen Cadet Corps, the Citizen Army, and the Citizen Navy, such number of noncommissioned officers of the Regular Army and enlisted men of equivalent grades of the Navy as he may deem necessary: Provided, That the enlisted men so detailed shall be additional in their respective grades to the numbers authorized therefor in the Regular Army and Navy.

Sec. 42 41. That the President is authorized to make such regulations, not inconsistent with this act, which by this act are required or permitted to be prescribed, or which are necessary or convenient to be prescribed, for the securing of the discipline and good goverment of the members of the Citizen Cadet Corps, of the Citizen Army and Navy, and of their reserves, or for carrying out or giving effect to this act.

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[Memorandum to accompany War College Division (9317-1) report on Senate bill 1695, compulsory training.)

I herewith submit the following minority report on this bill:

Section 1: I believe this section should provide for the registration of all male citizens between the ages of 12 and 50. It should provide for the registration of all aliens, male and female, residing within the United States. It should provide

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