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distance or other cause: Provided, That the district commandant of each training district shall have the power to issue permanent and temporary certificates of exemption for the above-mentioned causes: Provided further, That in cases where a permanent or temporary certificate of exemption is denied by the district commandant, an appeal may be taken to the United States district court or judge thereof nearest the permanent office of the district commandant: Provided further, That in all cases where an exemption is applied for the burden of proof of the existence of cause for exemption shall be on the applicant, and in all cases of appeal from a denial of such permanent or temporary exemption the burden of proving the exemption shall rest on the person claiming the same.
Sec. 2. That all persons trained under the provisions of this act shall be known and designated as follows: (a) Between the ages of twelve and seventeen years, inclusive, as the Citizen Cadet Corps; (b) between the ages of eighteen and twenty-three years, inclusive, as the Citizen Army-; (c) between the ages of twenty-four and fortyfive years, inclusive, as the Citizen Army Reserve.
Sec. 3. That the training of the members of the Citizen Cadet Corps shall be divided into three periods, as follows: (a) The first period shall commence on the first day of July in the year in which the persons liable reach the age of twelve years and shall continue for two years. This training shall consist of not less than ninety hours in each year, terminating on the thirtieth day of June, and shall be devoted during this period to calisthenics and such other physical and military instruction, without arms, as may be prescribed: Prorided, That in the case of persons who reach the age of thirteen years in the year in which this act becomes effective, the training for this class of persons shall commence on the first day of July of that year and continue for one year; (b) the training in the second period shall begin on the first day of July in which the persons liable reach the age of fourteen years, and shall continue for two years. The training during this period shall be not less than ninety hours in each year, ending the thirtieth day of June, and shall include military training with the rifle, including gallery practice: Provided, That for persons who reach the age of fifteen in the year in which this act becomes effective the training shall begin on the first day of July of that year and continue for one year; (c) the training in the third period shall begin on the first day of July in the year in which the persons liable reach the age of sixteen years, and shall continue for two years. The training during this period shall be not less than ninety hours, and in addition thereto ten whole days in camp in each year, ending the thirtieth day of June. The training during this period shall include field exercises and target practice, in addition to other training that may be prescribed: Provided, That in the case of persons who reach
the age of seventeen years in the year in which this act becomes effective the training shall begin on the first day of July in that year and continue for one year.
SEC. 4. That the training for members of the Citizen-Army-shall be-not-tess than one hundred-and-twenty-hours, or twenty-whole Hars, in-eaeb-rear-eommeneing-on-the-first-day-of-July-and-ending en-the-following-thirtieth-day-of-June-and-shalt-eontinue-for-six Fears, and not less-that-ten-whole-dars-in-each-Fear-shatt-be-in eamp of continuous training That the training for the members of the Citizen Army shall not be less than six months' continuous training, to be given as early as practicable during each person's liability to such training, and in addition thereto training during such maneuver periods as the President may order pursuant to the provisions of section 21 of this act.
SEC. 5. That the training hereinabove provided for the third period of the Citizen Cadet Corps fand for the Citizen Army, may be given in daily periods or it may be given in whole-day drills of not, less than six hours, in half-day drills of not less than three hours, or in night drills of not less than one hour and a half: Provided, That this shall affect in no manner the prescribed days of conseeutive continuous training in camps of continuous-training.
SEC. 6. That the members of the Citizen Army shall be allotted to the various arms, corps, and departments in such numbers as may be necessary for tactical organization.
SEC. 7. That' those liable to military training who, on arrival at eighteen years of age, eteet to enter are selected for the Citizen Navy shall undergo training for not less than the number of hours prescribed for training of members of the Citizen Army, and that this training shall include instruction aboard ship for a period not less than that prescribed for the continuous training of members of the Citizen Army ideamps of continuous instruetion.
SEC. 8. That the training prescribed by this act for the Citizen Cadet Corps and for the Citizen Army and Citizen Nary may be given in the Reserve Officers' Training Corps, in public and private schools, academies, colleges, and universities, in the Organized Militia or Naval Militia of the several States, in organization of Ber Seoute or similar organizations, provided that it conforms to the prescribed training for the corresponding years, is of equal annual duration, and is so certified by the district commandant of the district in which such instruction is imparted.
SEC. 9. That all persons liable to training for the Citizen Army under this act shall, upon reaching the age of twenty-four years and having satisfactorily completed the prescribed training, become members of the Citizen Army Reserve without further training: Provided, That-all-persons liable to this training-who-have-renehed the age of twenty-one-years-in-or-before-the-year-in whieh-this-net-becomes effeetife-shall,-without-training, become members-of-the-Citizen Army Reserve, unless they eleet-to-undergo-sueh-training: Provided further, That at the termination of each annual training period in the Citizen Cadet Corps and in the Citizen Army or Navy each membershall be classified by the officers charged with that duty as efficient or nonefficient. Those classified as nonefficient, either by reason of failure to attend during the prescribed period or because they have not attained a sufficient standard of efficiency, shall be required to attend an equivalent additional period of training for each year in which they are rated as nonefficient.
Sec. 10. That every person who, without lawful excuse, fails to register or who evades or fails to render the personal service required by this Act shall, unless and until he has performed equivalent personal service as prescribed, be and remain ineligible for employment in any position of trust and profit created and authorized by the Congress of the United States.
SEC. 11. That the parents or guardian of any every person under eighteen years of age who in any year, without lawful excuse, fails to register or who evades or fails to render the personal service required by this act shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and shall in addition to the liability under section nine of this aet, be liable to a fine of not to exceed five hundred dollars or to be con fined for twenty-days, or both: Provided, That in fixing the amount of the fine due regard shall be had to the means of the person offend ing and those of his the parents or guardian of the person offending. Provided further, That any person committed to the custody-of-a preseribed authority in pursuance of this seetion may be-Hetained by that authority at any preseribed institution or plaee, and white 90 detained shall be subjeet to the regulations governing that insti tution or place and to training and diseipline as preseribed.
SEC. 12. That every person liable for service in the Citizen Army or Navy who in any year, without lawful excuse, fails to register as required by this Act, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and shall in addition to the liability in section nine of this act be liable to a fine of not to exceed $500 and to be committed to the custody of the
proper military or naval authorities: Provided, That any person committed to the custody of the proper military or naval authorities in pursuance to this section may be detained by such authorities and while so detained shall be subject to training and discipline as prescribed. And any
such person who in any year, without lawful excuse, evades or fails to render the personal service required by this act shall be punished as a courtmartial may direct.
SEC. +2 13. That no employer shall prevent, or attempt to prevent, any employee who is serving or liable to serve in the Citizen Cadet Corps, or in the Citizen Army or Navy, from registering or rendering the personal service required of him, or from attending any camp of instruction appointed to be held by proper authority, and no employer shall in any way penalize or prejudice in his employment, or attempt to penalize or prejudice in his employment, any employee for rendering, or being liable to render, such personal service, or for attending such camp either by reducing his wages or dismissing him from employment, or in any other manner: Provided, That this section shall not be construed to require an employer to pay an employee for any time when he is absent from employment for the purpose of training.
Sec. 13 14. That any person or corporation found guilty of violating any of the provisions of section twelve of this act shall be punished by a fine of not less than $50 nor more than $500: Provided, That in any proceedings for any violation of section twelve thirteen of this act the burden of proof shall be upon the employer to show that any employee proved to have been dismissed or to have been penalized or prejudiced in his employment or to have suffered a reduction of wages was so dismissed, penalized, or prejudiced in his employment or reduced for some reason other than having rendered or being liable to render the personal service required of him or attending the camp of instruction.
See. H. That every person liable to training in the Citizen Cadet Corps or the Citizen Army or Nark wie fat fails without tawful exeuse to attend t-compulsory drill or instruetion or fot-eommits #breaeh of discipline while attending the same shall be guilty of a
misdemeanor-and shall be liable-to-+ penalty-not-exeeeding-825Provided, That-any penalty under this seetion mar be recovered summarily on the information or-complaint-of-a-preseribed officer: Provided further, That-in fixing the amount of the penalty the-court shall-have-due-regard to the means of the person-offending and these of his parents: And provided further, That-in-addition to any penalty imposed or (where in the opinion of the court or the judge the imposition-of-# penalty would involve undue hardshiptin tieu-of-im posing any penalty-the-court or judge may, if it deems-it-proper; eemmit the offender-to-the-eustody of any preseribed authority for sueh-time (not exceeding twenty days, or for time-corresponding in-duration to the time which, in the opinion of the-court-or-judge, would-be-taken-up-in-rendering the personal serviee-required: And provided-further,-that-it-shah-not-be necessary for this confinement to-be-continuous, but the person having the-eustody of the offender maf, subjeet-to-preseribed regulations, release him for-sueh periods and-call upon him to return to-eustodratsueh times as he sees fit, in order that the offender mar fellow his oeeupation:-And provided further, -That-ant-person-detained in any preseribetinstitution or plaee-in pursuanee-of-this-seetion who-eseapes therefrom, or whe being released from-eustody fails to return thereto, may be arrested without warrant-by-ant-preseribed person and taken baek-to-the institution or place, and may, on the application of any preseribed offieer, -be-ordered bt-tnt-court-of-summarr juristietion to-be-detained for suelt additional period, not exceeding-twenty-ters, as the court-Heems-fit-to-order: Prezided, That-the-averment of the proseentor-of-ant-offender-of-the-Citizen-Cadet-Corps-that-he-is-Huly authorized by the-constitutet authority to bring the proseeution shallbe-suffieient and shall not be controverted by the-court-or-br the defendant.
SEE.-15. That a person tiable-to-be-trained for the Citizen Cadet Corps-shalt-not-be-committeto-jail-in-default-of-t peeuniary penalty-imposed in this aet-or-of-ant-costs-awarded in the proceed inge-for-any-sueh-offense, but, in tieu-thereof, H-court-mar-order that-he-be-committed to-the-eustody-of-a-preseribed-authority-fer sueh-time-het-exeeeding-the-tine-for-whiel-the-court-could-but for this-seetien hare-committed-him-te-jail-in-default-of-perment-of-the peeuniary penalty-imposed or costs #Harded, as the court-Heems ft: Pronited. That the total duration
of confinement-of-o-person in Fespeet-of-offenses-eommitted-in-ant-one-rear-or-of-eests awarded in proceedings-for-steh-offenses-shatt-hot-exceed-sixty-dars: Provided further. That-in-plaees-where-ehildren's-eehrts-exist-offenses-against this-het-eommitted-by-citizentenbers-of-the-Citizen Cadet Corps efthe first and second periods-shattbe presented in-sueh-eourts as far-rs-mar-be-preetieable
Sec. 16 15. That no person shall be permitted to serve in the Citizen Cadet Corps or in the Citizen Army or Navy who is found by any court duly appointed for that purpose to have been convicted of any disgraceful or infamous crime or to be of notoriously bad character: Provided, That any member of the Citizen Cadet Corps or of the Citizen Army or Navy who shall have been convicted of any disgraceful or infamous crime shall be dishonorably discharged from the service therein and shall not be eligible thereafter to hold
any position of trust or profit created or authorized by the Congress of the United States. Sec. # 16. That-each-congressionat distriet-anththe
Distriet-ef Columbit shall constitute # registration and training distriet-and in each sueh distriet-units of the Citizen Cadet Corps and of the Citizen Army shall-be-organized and trained that the President is hereby authorized to define, limit, establish, and maintain within the continental limits of the United States, such number of military districts as he may deem necessary for carrying into effect the provisions of this Act, and the President is likewise authorized to group such military districts into military departments or other higher commands at his discretion: Provided, That the President may at any time in his discretion increase or decrease the number of military districts thus established or change the limits of any such district or districts, and for the purpose of registration, organization, and training each of said districts shall be under the charge of an officer of the Regular Army, designated for the purpose, who shall have an office permanently located in the district and who shall be assisted by the necessary commissioned and enlisted personnel and by such other assistants as are duly authorized herein as instructors for imparting the prescribed training.
Sec. 18 17. That every male citizen, and those whose parents have declared their intention to become citizens, of each training district shall, upon arriving at the age of twelve years, be registered in the office of the district commandant of the district in which he resides. Such registration shall be made in the form and in the manner prescribed by the Secretary of War. Changes of address, removals from a district, and entrances into another district shall, within thirty days after such change, be recorded in the office of the district commandant of the districts concerned in the form and manner prescribed by the Secretary of War. The first registration under this act shall begin on the first day of January following the passage of the act, and shall include all male citizens who in the ensuing year irill be between the ages of twelve and twenty-three years, inclusive, and thereafter all males arriving at the age of twelve years during the year preceding following the first day of January shall be registered during the months of January and February.
SEC. 19 18. That there shall be established in or contiguous to each training district one or more training centers, under such regulations as the Secretary of War may prescribe. And there shall be established such training centers for naval training as the Secretary of the Navy may prescribe.
Sec. 20 19. That all persons liable to training in the Citizen Army or Vavy shall, before entering upon such training, be examined for physical fitness and shalt take-the-onth-of-alegiance-to-the United States-as-preseribed for-enlisted menofthe Regular-Army-and-fary.
Sec. 21 20. That the President is authorized to mobilize the Citizen Army and Navy and their reserves in time of war or threatened war, insurrection, or rebellion, or when the public safety demands it, or for purposes of training.
SEC. 29 21. That officers" and noncommissioned officers in the Citizens Cadet Corps shall be appointed by the district commandants, under such regulations as the Secretary of War may prescribe. They shall not bear commissions or warrants.