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lead them, returns with them into the state, and takes the field against the victorious British, p. 70. Congress unanimously re: solve that general Gates should take the command of the south, ern department, p. 72. He joins the troops, marches and encamps on the road to Camden, p 73. Justice Pendleton's letter to lord Cornwallis, ibid. Congress resolve on destroying all the old paper'emission, and on adopting a new emission, p. 74. The Massachusetts convention agree upon a constitution for the commonwealth. p. 75. Their general court incorporate a society by the name of The American Academy of Arts and Sciences, p. 76.

L E T T E R III. P. 78-96. The affairs of Ireland, p. 78. Captain Fielding not being allowed to examine the Dutch ships under the convoy of count Byland, employs force, p. 79. The armed neutrality, p. 80. Sir George Rodney engages and defeats the Spanish feet under Don Langara, p. 82. Don Galvez's expedition against Mobile, p. 83. Sir George Rodney engages count de Guichen, p. 84. County petitions for the redress of grievances, p. 86. The house of commons vote in favor of redressing the same, p. 87, All hopes of obtaining redress from that house are at an end, p. 88. Lord George Gordon, the protestant association, and The subsequent convulsions, ibid-his lordship conducted to the Tower, p. 92. An eventual treaty between the states of Holland and the United States of America, signed by the direction of Mr. Van Berckel, p. 94.

LETTER IV. P. 96-140. The military operations in South Carolina, p. 96. General Gates takes the direct route to Camden, p. 98.-joins the militia under general Caswell, ibid-conducts his army to Clermont, p. 99--marches on toward Camden, p. 101-is unexpectedly met by lord Cornwallis, at the head of the British troops, and is defeated by him, ibid. Baron de Kalb mortally wounded, p. 105. Tarleton defeats Sumpter, p. 108. The relics of the American army retreat to Salisbury, ibid-are ordered to Hillsborough, p. 109. Cornwallis's orders relative to the treatment of South Carolina, ibid. A number of the citizens of Charleston, prisoners under the capitulation, sent to St. Augustine, p. 110. General Marion's exertions against the British adherents, p. 112. The arrangement of the broken American troops, p. 114. Major Ferguson ordered to manouvre through the northern parts of South Carolina, and then to join lord Cornwallis at Charlotte, p. 116—is pursued, defeated and slain,

P. 117.

17. His lordship's letter to general Smallwood, p. 120. Gates's troops march to Salisbery, p 121. Sumpter defeats major Weymsms afterward attacked by Tarleton, whom he als so defeats, p. 122. Gates moves his head-quarters to Charlotte, and there surrenders the army into general Greene's hands,

123. Lieutenant-cotonel Washington takes the British pose at Clermont by stratagern, p. 124. "The congress resolve respecting Gates, ibid. Acts of congress, p. 125. General Washington's difficulties, p. 127-he meets count de Rochambeau and admiral Ternay, at Hartford, p. 128. The scheme for deliveriag West-Point into the hands of Sir H. Clinton discovered, ibid. Major Andre taken while on his way to NewYork, 130. Arnold, upon receiving information of it, has tens on board the Vulture, British sloop of war; p. 131.. Andre adjudged to be considered as a spy, p. 132.--and dies as such, Líniversally esteemed and regretted, p. 133. Washington's thoughts on the whole affair, p. 134. Sir H. Clinton sends troops to Virginia, p. 135. A general exchange of prisoners settled by the British and American generals Philips and Lincoln, ibid. The resolve of congress relative to the three militia men who took Andre, p. 135, Major Tallmage's expedition to LongIsland, ibid. Congress determine on having a permanent army, p. 137-take into serious consideration the absolute necessity of a large and immediate foreign aid of money, ibid. The dopațions of the daughters of liberty in Philadelphia and the neighborhood to the American soldiers, p. 138. The Massachusetts begin their government agreeable to the new constitution, and John Hancock, esq. is declared to have been elected governor, wid. Admiral Ternay dies at Newport, p. 140.

LE T T E R V. P. 140-149,The French and Spanish fleets in the West-Indies form a junc-, tion, but effect no capital operation, p. 141. Their combined Alets in Europe intercept the East and West-India convoy, p. 142. Mr. Laurens is taken in his passage to Holland, p. 143. Sir Juan seph Yorke, leaves the Hague, ibid. Hurricanes in the West Indies, p: 144. The new parliament ineets, p. 146. The kindness of the Spaniards to the British prisonersi p. 149. The inquisition abolished in the duke of Modena's dominions, ibid.

LE TT E P VI. P. 150–180:: The Pennsylvania line revolts, p. 150. Sir H. Clinton sends agents to treat with them, two of whom are hanged, p. 151. Part of the Jersey brigade revolts, p. 153." Lieut. col. John Laurens chosen by congress special minister to the court of Ver


sailles, and general Washington's hints to him, p. 154-the gee

neral writes to Dr. Franklin, p. 155. The Virginia house of deur

legates resolve respecting Gates, p. 156. The returns of Greene's

force in South-Carolina, and his concluding on a partisan war,

ibidhis letter to lord Cornwallis, p. 157-he divides his force,

p. 158. Lieut. col. Tarleton is detached after gen. Morgan, by

whom he is defeated, p. 160. Lord Cornwallis pursues Mor-

gan, p. 163. Gen. Greene arrives, and takes the command of

Morgan's troops, p. 164. The Americans retreat, and safely

cross the Dan into Virginia, though pursued by his hordship

with the utnost eagerness, ibid. Greene re-crosses the Dan,

p. 169. Gen. Pickens and lieut. col. Lee cut in pieces a large

body of royalists, p. 170. Cornwallis attempts to surprise the

American light-infantry, p. 171. Greene determines upon fight-

ing his lordship, p. 173. His lordship attacks and defeats hiin,

zbid. His lordship retreats toward Cross-Creek, and Greene

pursues him to Deep-River, p. 175. General Arnold sails for,

and lands in Virginia, p. 177. General Washington lays a plan

for catching him, ibid. Sir H. Clinton sends general Philips,

with more troops, to take the command in Virginia, p. 479. Acts

of congress, ibid. Mr. Robert Morris chosen financier, p. 180.

The Maryland delegates empowered to subscribe the confeder-

ation, which is thereby completed, ibid. General Washington

gives his decisive opinion upon the necessity of a timely and

powerful aid from France, p. 181.

LETTER VII. P. 182-188.

The attempt of the baron de Rullecourt on the Isle of Jersey,

frustrated by major Pierson, p. 182. Lord George Gordon tried

and acquitted, p. 184. Gibraltar relieved by the British fleet

under admiral Darby, ibid. The Spaniards commence a heavy

fire upon the fortress, which is returned, ibid. Sir George kod-

ney and gen. Vaughan, take St. Eustatia, St. Martin and Saba;

p. 185. The property in St. Eustatia confiscated, and many of

the inhabitants reduced to penury, and transported to St. Kitts,

p. 186. Demarara and Issequibo surrender, p. 187.

LETTER VIII. P. 188--230.

: General Greene leaves North Carolina, and marches toward

Camden, p. 188-is defeated by lord Rawdon at Hobkirk's hill,

p. 189-his letter to Rawdon, p. 191—to governor Reed of

Pennsylvania, p. 192. Lord Rawdon evacuates Camden, p. 194.

The British posts are taken by the Americans in quick succession,

ibid. Greene marches against the garrison at Ninety-Six, p. 195

is obliged to abandon the siege, and is pursued by Rawdon,

p. 198. He pursues his lordship, and offers him battle, ibida


Greene's letter concerning Gates, p. 1,99. The miseries attend-

ing the war in South-Carolina, p. 200. Extracts from leiters

of lord George Germaine, p. 201. The affair of colonci Hayne,

who is executed by the joint order of lord Rawdon and colonel

Balfour, p. 202. The operations in Virginia, under generals

Philips and Arnold, p. 205. The marquis de la Fayette makes

a rapid march from Baltimore to Richmond, p. 206. Lord

Cornwallis joins the British in Virginia, ibid-is disconcerted in

his attempts to crush the marquis, p. 207. The marquis joined

by the Pennsylvania line, under general Wayne, p. 209. His

lordship commences a retrogade movement, p. 210. Wayne at-

tacks his lordship, and extricates himself by means of it, p. 211.

General Washington's arnıy in want of provision, p. 212. Couat

de Barras arrives at Boston to take the command of the French

squadron at Newport, p. 213. Washington micets Rochanbeau

at Weathersfield, ibid. Washington's letters intercepted and con-

veyed to New-York, p. 214. The French troops join the A-

mericans under Washington, p. 215. The plan of operations

changed, and the allied troops march for Philadelphia, p. 216.

The behavior of the French troops while at Newport, and on

their march to join gen. Washington, p. 218. Don Galvez com-

pletes the conquest of West-Florida. p. 219. Sir Samuel Hood

and count de Grasse engage, p. 220. Tobago taken by the

French, p. 222. A subscription for a loan-opened by congress

for the support of the South Carolinians and Georgians driven

from their country by the enemy, p. 223. The heroism of the

whig ladies in Charleston, p. 224. The treatment of the gen-

tlemen removed from Charleston to St. Augustine, p. 225

of the continental officers, p. 226. Complaints of severities ex-

ercised toward the American marine prisoners at New-York,

zbid. The particular evils produced by the paper currency, p. 228.

--the extinction of it occasions no convulsion, p. 229. A num-

ber of the ships from Statia taken by the French, ibid

L E T T E R IX. P. 230-239.

Commodore Johnstone is attacked by Mr. de Suffrein, p. 231.

--the commodore takes several large Dutch East-india ships,

p. 232. Admirals Hyde Parker and Zoutman engage on the

Dogger-Bank, p. 233. Minorca is attacked by the Spaniards and

French, p. 237. The combined fleets cruise at the mouth of

the British channel, ibid. Extracts from some letters to Mr.

Vergennes, p. 239.

L E T T E R X. 239-270.

Acts of congress, p. 210. General Greene demands from the

British commanders the reasons for the execution of Hayne, Bal,


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foar's answer, and Greene's reply, ibid. Grecne engages lieut
bol. Stewart at the Eutaw Springs, p. 242. Stewart abandons
Eutaw, p. 244. Gov. Rutledge retaliates for Balfour's conducta
p. 245. A spirit of nutiny among Greene's troups, ibid his leta
ter to gen. Gould, p. 246. He marches toward Dorchester, and
by his maneuvres induces the British garrison to abandon the
place, p.2486. Gen. Pickins expedition against the Cherokees,
ibid. Arnold's

enterprise against New-London, p. 249. De Bar
ras sails from Rhode Island, p. 250. Sir Samuel Hood arrives at
Sandy-Hook, ibid. De Grasse arrives in the Chesapeake, and en-
gages adm. Graves, p. 251. De Barras arrives in the Chesapeake;
p. 252. Lord Cornwaliis repairs to York-town and Gloucester,
p. 253. The allied troops arrive at the Head of Elk,p. 254-join
the troops under the marquis de la Fayette, p. 255--march and
invest York-town, ibid. Washington's letter to de Grasse, ibid.
The trenches-opened by the combined armies before York-town,
P. 257. A capitulation settled, and the posts of York-town and.

Gloucester surrendered, p. 260. The British fleet and army des

tined for the relief of lord Cornwallis, arrive off Chesapeake.

after his surrender, and therefore return, p. 261. De Grasse-

sails for the West-Indies, p. 262. Acts of congress on their hear.-

ing of the reduction of the British army, p. 263. They attend

at the Roman Catholic chapel, and hear the chaplain to the em:

bassy, p. 264.---their resolve respecting marquis de la Fayette-

the president addresses gen. Washington, p. 268. The subscrib-

ers to the Bank of North-America incorporated, ibid. Impo

per conduct toward the British prisoners, p. 269. Gov. Rut-

Jedge exercises his authority afresh in South-Carolina, ibid.

L E T T ER XI. P. 270-290..

Mr. Jay delivers in propositions relative to an intended treaty:

with Spain, p. 270. The king opens the session of parliament,

p.272. The intended address, remonstrance and petition of the

city of London, p. 273. Mr. Laurens discharged from his con-

finement in the Tower, p. 275. Statia surprised by the marquis...

de Bouille, ibid. Adm. Kempenfelt's successful cruise, p. 277..

The reduction of Minorca, p. 278. Gen. Conway's motion a-

gainst continuing the war in America, p. 281. A new adminis .

stration formed, p. 282. St. Kitt's attacked and taken by the

French, p. 283. Mr. J. Adams succeeds in his applications to the

States-General, and is acknowledged as the American plenipo.

tentiary, p. 287. His imperial majesty favors the rights of con

science. p. 289.

L E T T E R XII. P. 290-299.

Communications from the French minister plenipotentiary to
congress, p. 291. The execution of capt. Heddy by the New


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