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and rural improvements might look for- ligion, the last great source of human fe. 'ward with the most pleasing expectations ! licity, would be more uniformly and fo. How many thousands of useful members cially cherished; and that brotherly love, of the community, feeling themselves re. which is one of its most amiable features, lieved from a burden always irksome in would have a fairer prospect of a more its nature, and frequently oppressive by rooted cultivation and growth! its weight, would garher new vigour. Such are the distinct advantages which from their arduous and important pur- would evidently result from such measures suits! As men who had been accuf. as we have been considering; and, I trust, tomed to ļabour for a foreign interest, the evidence of them is too clear, not to and to sustain disadvantages commonly gain the affent of the generalily of my proportioned to their industry,---as men readers : fome will be found ready to con liable to be counteracted by heavy taxa- trovert my reasoning, as a matter of tion on their best projects of advance- course ; others will approve with reluct. ment,---as men frequently harassed by ance, and will perhaps tell me that to turn those of their own order, whose exactions the weakness of the human mind into they could neicher brook nor repel, and strength, and to remove a crooked, inte. inspected and pressed by others whom rested, or bigotted policy, hy dint of ar, they wished to regard with some degree guments, however rational, might in me of reverence, they had heretofore been

be arrogance of -expectation ! Yet will I galled and agitated between real hardship reply with integrity, and constant apprehension! Delivered at The misery of the world, both moral length from the standing cause of com- and political, has ever arisen from the plaint, and encouraged by the certainty of folly of continuing to prefer, from what. labouring and improving chiefly for their ever motive, that which is known to be own emolument, they will take a new wrong, before that which is seen to be character in society, and become a be- right? nefit to that society in proportion to the There never was an overthrow of a liberty of their new situation.

government, or a dangerous commotion 5. TO THE NATION AT LARGE. in any state, but what was engendered Having fhewn the disadvantages of the by habits of cultivating error, and give old and vexarious system; the misappli- ing sanction and continuance to some evil cation of Tithes from their original de- policy, instead of promptly avowing and fign, the present non-necessity of their embracing a found one. This false and existence; the means by which they may wicked policy, always foftered for the be removed; and the advantages which supposed interest of some unprincipled would consequently result to particular individuals, will ever lead to its owa classes from that removal, I come now, punishment, in the general result. and lastly, to sum up the whole in a few it is the infallible property of truth to words.

stand invulnerable, and to shield those The whole nation, thus renovated in an individuals and those governments who article of the first consequence to its prof- bravely embrace her whenever the ap, perity, would have a new face of wisdom, pears, and repose under her banner ! chcerfulness, and content. Every citi- There is an eternal distinction of right zen would have a new pledge, that, under and wrong, good and evil, in the whole the blessing of Providence, he is in that of human conduct, from the largest mea. situation in which the fruits of the earth, fures of the largest connexions, down to “ excellent and comely,” would be cul- the smallest efforts of approbation or tivated and brought forth in the greatest dissent, in the most obscure individual abundance which the soil and the ele. who acts in them. And those diftincments are adapted to supply. Ingenuity tions are never without their physical and useful industry would operate with effects, in proportion to the quantity of out restraint, where they could be most truth or error, by which the actions and effectually exercised for the supply of hu- policy of men are swayed. Nothing, man wants. The attachment of English- therefore, however small, is unimportant men, under such improved circumstances, in the whole of things, or of any particumight be expected to be more firmly fixed lar department of things, to which it natu. and riverted to their native 'home ; in- rally belongs. Human conduct is naturally ftead of their wishing to migrate to dif- liable to error; but truth should be fought tant regions in quest of more fruitful out in all circumstances, and in all times, fields, and more happy habitations. Re. and be immediately applied as the natural




Vol. II.] Voyage round the World, by the French, in 1791-2-3. 961 and proper remedy. The neglect of this tendant on his mind. Were this simple application engenders new and increasing rule more generally observed, prejudices evil and embarrassment, and every mo- of an idle and flavish nature would be ment of delay augments the difficulty. gradually removed, and we thould have

The contrary doctrine has been ex- lets difficulty in getting rid of numerous emplified in the trimming and garbling political and focial evils --evils which conduct of all ages. And the confe- frequently become such, or are more quences have followed, i. e. the murmure sensibly felt, by mere change of times and ing, the cammotion, and misery of society! circumstances around us.

There cannot, in nature, be a more un- This general remark will apply to the worthy, dangerous, and impious doctrinę subject in view. It is a subject confellheld, than that truth, moral jufice, and edly requiring the exertion of men of the fitness of things, are less worthy, or talents and comprehensive minds ; but if less safe to be immediately trusted to, than once the uncomprehending, the unthinking, impropriety, injustice, and falfhood. It is and those who are prejudiced by custom, a doctrine destructive, on its first princi- would cease to obstruct, by timorous opi. ples, of all order and happiness in hų- nion and groundless apprehenfion, we man fociety; and so far as the tranf- should get peaceably forward in a work gression of men can effect it, deftructive of reform, which would reflect honour on of the fovereignty of God bimself. the wisdom, patriotism, and rational reli

There cannot be the poslibility of a gion of this country period in which an immediate, ardent, and Nothing can be more certain, than that reverential preference should not be given the longer a national evil is suffered to to the former foundations of duty, and in remain, uncorrected by the authority of which the latter principles should not be reason and justice, the more sure is its abandoned, as the fource of deformity, progress towards a terrible remedy, in tending to general anarchy!

the convulsion of government! The ge.' In the multiform complexions of hu- nuine friends of order, peace, and happiman character, there are, and ever will ness, have this alarming truth ever before be, some men, perhaps the greater part, their eyes; they feel it painfully engraven whose minds may not be furnished with on their minds, and from the solemnity or sufficient energy for the noble prompti- their conviction, they speak, and struggle, tude of active public virtue ! This in the hope of averting an impending ca. would be no evil to society were it prac. lamiry! The generous union of magnaticable to prevail on such men, to be nimous men is now wanting, in the

greaç diffident in proportion to their inan business before us. The delay of it is bility for public service. Whenever a big with incalculable danger ! man feels a subject too extensive and com- Bath, Sept. 1, 1796. plex for him to comprehend, and clearly to develop, to his own satisfaction, he

For the Monthly Magazine. Thould be admonished not to be arrogant

ACCOUNT OF THE LATE on such a subject, but leave the discussion VOYAGE ROUND THE WORLD, of it to clearer minds, or minds more

By the French Commander, fitted to that particular topic. He should

ENTRECASTE AUX, consider, that by seeming to give an opi- Made for the purpose of DisCOVERY, and nion, or by blaining those who reason also in search of La Peyrouse. with ardour, for the public weal, he may

From the French of the Journal of an Officer poffibly be contributing to embarrassment

who served on board one of the ships. and the extension of evil, which, but for ON September 28th, 1791, in the two him, and such as him, might be got rid floops, la Recherche and l’Esperance; of, by the jinohstructed powers of reason, of sixteen guns, and 110 men each, we prevalent of other men, of whose hearts, weighed from the harbour of Brest, comas well as whose heads, he has cause to pletely equipped for a voyage of circumentertain a favourable idea.

navigating the globe. The government I am no friend to implicit confidence on had previously sent on board a number of the one hand, or supineness, with regard to gentlemen, versed in'astronomy, natural the cultivation of a man's own faculties, history, botany, painting, &c. and had on the other. But we may say with provided an apparatus of astronomical insafety, that whenever there is a consciouf- ftruments, marine time-pieces; in fine, ness of a want of comprehension, on an every article that appeared likely to renimportant topic, it becomes a man's duty der the expedition subservient to the purfo be' Slent, till rational conviction is at poses of science. The conduct of the ex.



pedition was asigned to Captain ENTRE, On the 16th, we discovered two little CASTEAUX

islands, at a little distance from each other. The leading object of the voyage was The most eastern one lies in 30°. 17, south to endeavour to procure intelligence re. latitude, and in 179o. 41, east longitude. lative to Captain LA PEYROUSE, who had On the 19th, we discovered an isand long been milling in the South Seas, and about five leagues in circumference, conto make a complete tour of New Holland; fpicuous by its elevated situation. It lies an island, by far the largest in the world; in 29o. 3, fouth latitude, and in 179o. 54. comprehending an immense circuit of at

east longitude. least 3000 (French) leagues. The accom- On the 2d of March, we faw Ebaua, plishment of this last point was effential the most south westerly of the Friendly io the history of geography, and what Ilands. The next day we anchored at had not been effected by either Cook, or Tongataboo, the largest of the Friendly LA PEYROUSE.

Iands. A multitude of canoes crowded The first port we made was Santa about us, and the beach was soon covered Cruz in Teneriffe; we arrived there on with the natives, who welcomed our ars the 17th of October, and having taken in rival by every possible expression of joy. wines and provisions, we proceeded on This fatisfaction was sometimes interour route to the Cape of Good Hope: we rupted by the imprudence of some of our arrived there; and while we continued people, and sometimes by the excessive cu. there, the expedition sustained a consider- riosity of the islanders, to see and possess able misfortune in the death of the astro: every thing that was European. After a pomer BERTRAND.

tedious voyage, which had often forced us Feb. 16th, 1792. We left the Cape, to put into uninhabited places, how grate, and bore away for the island of New Gui- ful was the satisfaction we experienced nea, fome parts of which we explored to find ourselves fo hospitably entertained we reached the islands Arsacides on July by a people among whom civilization is the gth, and New Ireland the 17th ditto. already considerably advanced ! We afterwards made for Amboyna, one of Among these islanders, we frequently The Molucca islands, where we arrived meet with men fix feet high, their limbs September 6th.

shaped in the most comely proportion. O&. 11th. We left Amboyna, and fail. The fertility of the soil, which exempted ed immediately for the wett part of New them from the necessity of extreme labour, Holland, along which we intended to coast may conduce not a little to the unusual (as being the least known), and then to perfection of their forms. Their featores proceed along the southern shore; we have a ftrong resemblance to those of Eu. were always driven back, however, By ropeans. A burning sky has impressed a east and south-east winds, and this part of figlit discolour on their skins.Those, our enterprize was consequently frustrated among the women, who are but little exDec. 3d, 1792.

We arrived at that posed to the rays of the sun, are suffici. cape which is at the fouth-west extremity ently fair. Some of them are distinguished of New Holland, and failed along the by a beautiful carnation, which gives a southern shore till Jan. 3d, having by this vivacity to their whole figure. A thou, means traced and ascertained about two- sand nameless graces are visible in their thirds of the whole extent of the southern gestures, when engaged in the slightest

employments. In the dance, their move. In confequence of the want of water, ments are enchanting, and the prevalence of high south-easterly The language of this people bears an winds, we bore away for the Cape de Di- analogy with the gentleness of their man. ernes; the south-east extremity of this ex. It is well adapted to music, for iensive inand. In this part of the southern which they have a peculiar taste. Their coast we observed a number of bold and concerts, wherein every one performs his noble harbours. . After a delay here of part, demonstrate the just ideas which hree weeks, we taped our course for they entertain of harmony. The wo. New Zealand, and afterwards for the men, as well as the men, have their shoulFriendly Islands.

ders and breasts naked. A cotton cloth, On the uth of March, we passed very or rather a piece of stuff, manufactured near the North Cape of New Zealanı, and with the bark of mulberry tree

into pa. making for the shore, several canoes came per, serves them for apparel. It forms along-Gde of us. We procured a number a beautiful drapery, reaching from a little of ornaments from the savages, and part- above the waist down to the feet. ing from them reluctantly, continued our · The art of pottery has made some

progress among them. We saw several





Vol. II.] Voyage round the World, by the French, in 1791-2-3. 963

vases of potter's earth, tolerably well bak- meter. A single acre occupied by this ed, in which they preserved their water: vegetable would supply the wants of a these vafes are manufactured in an island number of families. Nothing in nature named Seidgy, lying, according to the exhibits a fimilar fecundity. As it it probeft accounts we could gather, about 100 duces no seeds, it has a wonderful faculty leagues to the north of the place where of throwing out suckers: and its ronts we were at anchor.

frequently force their way up to the surThese islands produce a species of nut- face of the earth, and there give birth to megs, which differs very little in form fresh plants. from thofe of the Moluccas. It is not, It thrives exceedingly in a tropical however, aromatic, and is almost twice climate, in a foil somewhat elevated above as large. We collected in the island a the level of the sea; and suits very well number of objects which may prove use. with a marly foil in which a mixture of ful for the ftudy of natural history: argillaceous clay preponderares.

We also procured the bread-fruit tree, We quitted the Friendly Inands on the for the purpose of transporting it into oth of April, 1793. our Wen-India Islands; we were obliged The next day we observed a small to leave it, however, at Sourabaya, in island named Tortoise. the island of Java. At our departure April 15th, we saw Errouan, the most from thence we took a receipt from LA- eastern of the islands of the Archipelago HAYE, the Dutch gardener there, for of the Holy Ghoft, and afterwards that eleven young plants of this invaluable of Anatom. The eruptions of the volcano tree, and as many roots and stocks, all in of Tana presented in the night a specprime condition, which we had brought tacle truly sublime. away from the Friendly INands, after April 27th, steering for New Caledo. having had them nearly eleven months in nia, in a night darker

than usual, we ran our possession. The roots and plants to- among fome islands furrounded with gether amount to twenty-two, all in high breakers, not noticed till then by navi. preservation ; and as the tree grows very gators. We were only apprized of out Tapidly, this quantity will fuffice to re- danger by an uncommon circumstance, plenith the Islands with them in fix or the fight of a flock of sea fowl over our eight years time. They were at Jarna- heads about three o'clock in the morning, rang, in the island of Java, on the 20th This indication of the proximity of land of March, 1795. We must not con- induced the officer upon watch to slacken found this excellent fpecies of bread-fruit fail, and lie to, at a critical juncture, tree with the wild fpecies of it found in when an hour's more failing must have the Moluccas, and observed for a long dalhed us to pieces against the rocks. time past in the Isle of France. In this These new-discovered islands lie about second sort the grains do not miscarry; thirty leagues N. E. of New Caledonia, while in the good fruit tree they are re- where we anchored April 18th. placed by a food truly delicious, when After the description that Cook and baked under alhes or in the oven. In FORSTER have given of the inhabitants other relpects it is a most wholesome of New Zealand, we expected to find viand, affording us a pleasant repaft dur- realized the advantageons portrait given ing the whole time of our continuance on of them by thofe celebrated voyagers. this island, and for which we willingly We had reaso.., however, partly to sus. relinquished our ship's stock of baker's pend our belief of those accounts, whea bread. The Molucca fort produces we afterwards observed a number of huthirty or forty small fruits ;, while every man bones, broiled, which the favages tree of the Friendly Islands produces were devouring, eagerly fastening on the three or four hundred, extremely large, smallest tendinous parts which adhere to of an oval form, the greateft diameter be- them. This fact at least fuffices - to ing from nine to ten inches, and the small. prove, that the New Zealanders are eft from seven to eight. A tree would cannibals. They often attacked our be oppressed with such an enormous load, boat; but the good countenance we ex. if the fruit were to ripen all at once: but hibited prevented their affailing or mala fagacious nature has so ordered it, that facring any of our company. Notwitha the fruits fucceed each other, during standing these hostilities, the fhip was eight months of the year, thus providing every day visited by numerous bodies of the nations with a food equally falubri- the 'iftanders. The soil being every ous and plentiful. Every tree occupies where barren, we perceived but few vele a circular space of abont'thirty feet dia. tiges of any taste for agriculture; ftill, how


ever, we observed in some gardens, the south-east coast of New Guinea. Afe Colocasia, the Caribbee cabbage, the ba. ter having passed throngh Dampier's napa tree, and the sugar-cane. The co- Streights, we discovered the northern coa tree bears but very diminutive fruit, fide of New Britain *. the water of which is far from being plea- July 16th and 19th, we failed in view fant.

of the Anchoret Isands of BOUGAINThe barbarous customs of the natives VILLE. did not prevent our reiterated excursions July 20th, we loft ENTRECASTEAUX, into the interior parts of the country. our Captain. He died of convulsions, every On these occasions we kept together to fit of which was succeeded by a speechleis the number of twenty, always well armed. stupor. As evening came on, we commonly took After having taken fome notice of our station on some elevated post in the Traitor's Islands, and part of the elevated mountains, where we passed the night in lands of New Guinea, we anchored at a situation which protected us from hostile Waigiore. assaults. To guard against surprize, we Aug. 16th, 1793, in 129° 14' of eaft kept watch by turns.

longitude, and so near the equator, that Observations made for twenty days to- we were only half a minute to the south. gether in this extensive region, of which Here the inhabitants brought us very Forster had but a glimpse (being large sca-turtles, the foup of which we fick all the eight days of his being off experienced to be a salutary remedy for the island), furnished us with a variety of the scurvy, which was now prevaleni novel materials, especially in the vege- among us. table kingdom.

In this island we procured a number of On the 6th of May, we lost Citizen interesting objects, and quitted it August Huon, Captain of the Esperance. He 29th, and failed for Bouwo, where we had been for some time before afflicted anchored September 30, 1793. In this with an incurable inarasmus. We buried mountainous ifle, where the productions him in Observation Ifand.

of nature are extremely varied, we had a May gth, we weighed anchor, and favourable opportunity of continuing our failed before the wind for the north. In botanical researches, &c. our course, we observed the eastern part We passed through Button's Streights, of the reefs and islands, the western side of from September 23 to October 9th, frewhich we saw the year before.

quently coming to anchor and going alhore May 21st, we were close on the island for the sake of enlarging our collections. of Saint Croix, and sent in two boats to Here several of our men died of a conlook out for an anchoring place. While tagious bilious dysentery, contracted in the sailors were employed in sounding, the low marshy grounds of this country. one of the natives, at the distance of up- Oct. 28, 1793, we cast anchor in the wards of eighty paces, lanced an arrow, road of Sourabaya, in the Isle of Java. which slightly wounded the forehead of Here divisions broke out among the

crews, one of them. A volley of fire-arms, in consequence of gaining intelligence of however, foon dispersed the groupe of the further progress of the French Revc. canoes which had surrounded the boats, lution. D’AURIBE AU infamously hoist, and from which the lance proceeded. Al. ed the white flag, Feb. 19th, 1794, and though the wound was apparently so in. Thamefully surrendered the two vellels to considerable, it was attended with a teta- the Dutch. He also seized all the jour. nus, which proved mortal to the unfor. nals, charts, and memoirs, which were tunate failor after only eight days. The connected with the voyage, and in the arrow did not appear to us to have been most daftardly manner arrested all those of poisoned, as it is well known that beasts the ships' companies that were obnoxious pierced with the same weapons do not ex. to his own political sentiments. One perience any fatal symptoms. In India, it is no uncommon thing to see the Nightest

* The whole extent of this navigation is pund:ure followed by a spasm, which is a certain forerunner of death.

extremely dangerous; for a length of 1200 After this, we proceeded to visit the leagues (French) a line of rocks or breakers,

ncarly level with the water, runs along the Arsacides Ilands; and that part of Louifi

bottoin of the sea, In this route, it is próade which BOUGAINVILLE did not ex. bable that the unfortunate La Peyrouse pe. plore, the northern part of which is very rithed, unless, as was supposed at the time, difficult of access. We anchored after his veffel foundered in the dreadful tempcf this near fome very lofty mountains on the of Dec. 31, 1788.

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