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Caufe of Freedom had extended itself over Sugar Island might, perhaps, be ceded to the such a large number of People. He, however, Dutch Republic. I told him all this might was ready to confess, that from the great losses become a subject of future discuffion; and I the Dutch Republic had sustained in its Colo- conceived, that if we could agree upon the nies, and particularly from the weak manner more effential points, the Treaty would not in which they had defended them, it could break off on these fecondary confiderations, not be expected that His MAJESTY would Our conversation had now been extremely consent to a full and complete reftitution of long, and M. DELACROIX ended by saying, them, and that it was reasonable that some that although he had taken upon himself to should be facrificed; and he asked me if I enter with me thus far upon the subject, yet I could inform him how far our views extended must not confider any thing he said as binding, on this point? I said I had reason to believe, or as pledging the Republic, till such time as that what His MAJESTY would require would he had laid the Papers I had given him bebe poțieftions and fettlements which would not fore the Directory; and, in order to do this add either to the power or wealth of our In- with more accuracy, he again alked me, Whe. dian Dominions ; but only tend to secure to ther in his Report he was to state the disus their fafe and unmolefed poffeffion. You uniting Belgium from France as a

a fine

qua non mean by this, said M. DELACROIX, the Cape from which His MAJESTY would not depart? and Trincomale? I said they certainly came I replied, it most certainly was a fine qua non under that defcription ; and I saw little pro- from which His MAJESTY would not depart; spea of their being reilored to the Dutch. M. and that any proposal, which would leave the DELACROIX launched forth on this into a moft Netherlands annexed to France, would be \aboured dissertation on the value of the Cape attended with much greater benefit to that of Good Hope, which he did not consider at Power, and loss to the Allies, than the preall as a port de relache, but as a pofiession sent relative situation of the Belligerent Powwhich, in our hands, would become one of ers could entitle the French Government to the moft fertile and most produđive Colonies expect. in the Eas; and, according to his estimation M. DELACROIX repeated his concern at the of it, he did not scruple to affert, that it peremptory way in which I made this affertion, pould ultimately be an acquisition of infinitely and asked, whether it would admit of no modigreater importance to England than that of the fication? I replied, If France could, in a Cong Netherlands to France; and, if acquiesced in, tre projet, point out a practicable and adequate hould be reckoned as a full and ample com- one, ftill keeping in view, that the Netherpensation for them. He added, “ If you are lands muft not be French, or likely again to fall masters of the Cape and Trincomale, we mall into the hands of France, such a proposal might hold our settlements in India, and the Inands certainly be taken into confideration. of France and Bourbon, entirely at the tenure M. DELACROIX by no means encouraged me of your will and pleasure; they will be ours to explain myself more fully; he repeatedly said, only as long as you choose we should retain that this difficulty relative to the Netherlands them. You will be sole masters in India, and was ons which could not be overcome. we fall be entirely dcpendent upon you.” Just as I was taking leave of him, he begged I repeated to him, that it was as means of de. me to explain what was meant by the words in fence, not of offence, that these Possessions the Memoire (A) in the fourth paragraph, be. would be infifted on; and that, if the matter ginning de s'entendre mutuellement sur les Moyens was fairly and dispassionately discussed, he d'affurer, and ending at leurs pollellims respectives. would find that they afforded us a great addi. I told him, it referred to the d-structive system tional security, but no additional power of adopted by France in the Weft Indies, and went attack, even if we were disposed to disturb to express a with, that the two Powers should the peace of that part of the world. If these, agree on some general and uniform system of inand perhaps fome few other not very material ternal Police in the Settlements there, which Settlements belonging to the Dutch, were to would contribute to the security of these Porbe infifted upon, and if he would be pleased fefsions to the respective Countries, and at the to enumerate all we mould-still have to restore fame time to the happiness of every description to them, while they had nothing to restore to of inhabitants in them. England, it was impollible not to consider the M. DELACROIX, a little hurt at my exprefterms on wlich Hış MAJESTY proposed Peace fion relative to the system adopted by France, ento Holland as generous and liberal.

deavoured to recriminate upon us; but he ended M. DELACROIX was not at all disposer to by saying, that they should certainly be willing agrec with me on this point; and said, Hol- to concur in any arrangement relative to the Nes Jand, fript of these poffeffions, would be ru- groes, which did not militate against the prinined. He then held out, but as if the idea ciples of their Conftitution. Here our conference had just crossed his mind, the possibility of ended, and as, during the whole couurse of it, I indemnifying the Dutch for their loftes in In- bore in my mind the possibility, that although dia, by giving them a Tract of Territory to- this our first might be the only favourable on. wards the Meufe (I could not find out whe- portunity I hould ever have of speaking on the her he meant Aix-la-Chapelle, Liege, or the general principles on which His MAJESTY Countries of Juliers and Berg), and hinted, was dispoted to treat, I endeavoured, by adluat if this was not to be done, an additional verting more or less to almost every point in my

Inftruétione 1796.] State Papers relative to the late Negociation with France. 933 Instructions, to enable M. DELACROIX (if he for some time, but nothing passed at all worthy reports faithfully) to state to the Directory what remark. I told him I should send my answer I said, in such a manner as to put it out of the next day. On reflecting more attentively on their power to misconceive what were His Ma- the request that I would sign the two Memorials JESTY's intentions; to remove all possibility of which I had given in, it struck me that the cavil on this case, and to bring them to a clear complying with it pledged me to nothing, that it and diftin&t answer, whether they would agree was merely gratifying them on a point infifted on to open a Negociation on the principle of the peevishly, and that the doing it would put them Status ante Bellum, or on one differing from it still more in the wrong. only in form, not in substance. I hope, in at- As to the strange demand of an Ultimatum, it tempting to do this, I did not, in the first in- was perfectly clear what it became me to say, ftance, commit myself, or discover more of my and I hope, that in the inclosed Answer, B. Instructions, than it became me to do, and that, (which I sent yesterday morning at twelve in the conversation with M. DELACROIX, no- o'clock) to M. DELACROIX, I shall be found to ching escaped me which might, at some fubfe- have adhered as closely as possible to the spirit quent period, hurt the progress of the Negocia- of my Instructions. tion. I have, I believe, given this conference Yesterday evening, at half past nine, M. Guinearly verbatim to your Lordship ; and I was RAUDET brought me the Note C. to which I particularly anxious to do this correctly and mi- immediately replied by the Note D. They res nutely, as well that you may judge on the pro. quise no comment; and as I intend leavin PaFriety of what I said myself, as that what M. ris to-morrow, and travelling with all convenient DELACROIX faid to me may be accurately speed, I shall so soon have it in my power to say known, and remain on record.

the little which remains to say, relative to this It must, however, be remembered (as I ob- fudden, though perhaps not unlooked-for, close served in the beginning of this Dispatch) that to my mission, that I need not trespass any far, he spoke from himself, as Minister indeed, but ther on your Lordship's patience. not under the immediate instructions of the Di. Į have the Hunour to be, &c, rectory; and this consideration will take a little

MALMESBURY. away from the fingularity of some of the posi- P. S. Į thought it would be proper for His tions he adyanced.

Majesty's Minister at Vienna to receive the earI confess, my Lord, from the civility of his lieft intelligence of the Negociation being broken manners, and from his apparent readiness to dis- off ; I therefore have dispatched a Meslenger to cuss the subject, the impreffion which remained Vienna, with a copy of the several Papers which on my mind on leaving him was, that the Ne- have passed between me and Monsieur DELAgociation would go on, but be liable to so many eroix fince our conference ; and also a succinct difficulties, and some of them so nearly insur- account of what passed on it. The Messenger mountable, chat knowing, as I do, the opinion left this place to-day at Three, P. M. of the Directory, I saw little prospect of its Right Hon. Lord Grenville, Gi. $ 6, terminating successfully. But I did not expect

( No. 31. ) the conduct of the Directory would immediately

Paris, 28th Frimaire (Dec. 18) geh year. be such as to evince a manifest inclination, and Sir, even determination, to break off on the first The Executive Dire&ory has heard the readproposals; and I was not a little surprised at re- ing of the Official Note, figned by you, and of ceiving on Sunday, at three, P.M. the inclosed two Confidential Memorials, without Signatures, Letter (A) from M. DELACROIX:-- he sent it which were annexed to it, and which you gave by the Principal Secretary of his Department in to me yesterday. I am charged expressly by (M. GUIRAUDET) who communicated to me the Directory to declare to you, th it it cannot the original of the Arrête of the Directory, listen to any Confidential Note without a Signaof which this letter, abating the alteration in ture, and to require of you to give in to me, of. the form, is a literal Copy. After perusing it, I ficially, within four and twenty hours, your Ul. asked M. GUIRAUDET, whether he was in- timatum, ligned by you. formed of its contents, and this led to a short Accept, Sir, the assurance of my high config conversation on them. I told him that both the deration.

CH. DELACROIX: demands were so unexpected, that I could not

( No. 32. ). [ A. ] seply to them off hand that as to the first, it Copy. (BA) Paris, 19th Dec. 1796. was quite unusual to sign Memorials which were Lord MALMESBURY, in answer to the Letter annexed to a Note actually signed, and that I which the Minister for Foreign Affairs had the Icarcely felt myself authorised to depart from goodness to transmit to him through the hands what was, I believed, an invariable rule. That of the Secretary General of his Department, as to the second Demand, made in so peremptory must remark, that in figning the Official Note, and unprecedented a way, I could, without much which he gave in to that Minister, by order of hesitation, lay at once, that it could not be com- his Court, he thought he had complied with plied with. Mons. GUIRAUDET lamented this all the usual formalities, and had given the nemuch, and said, that this being the case, he fear- ceffary authenticity to the two Confidential Meed our principles of Negociation would never morials which were annexed to it. Nevertheless, coincide." I agreed with him in my expressions to remove all difficulties, as far as lies in his of concern, We conversed together afferwards power, he willingly adopts the forms which are


pointed out by the Resolution of the Executive O. S) that the Executive Directory will listen Directory, and haltens to end 10 the Minister to no Proposals, contrary to the Constitution, to for Foreign Affairs the two Memorials figned by the Laws, and to the Treaties, which bind the his hand,

Republic. With respect to the positive demand of an And as Lord MALMESBURY announces at every Ultimatum, Lord MALMESBURY obferves, that communication, that he is in want of the opinion in gfting on that point in fo peremptory a manner, of his Court, from which it results that he acts before the two Powers shall have communicated a part merely paflive in the Negociation, which to each other their respective pretensions, and that renders his presence at Paris useless : the Underthe Articles of thie future Treaty shall have been figned is farther charged to give him notice to submitted to the discussions which the different depart from Paris in eight and forty hours, with interests which are to be adjusted, neceffarily de- all the persons who have accompanied and fol. mand, is to shut the door againft all Negociation. lowed him, and to quit, as expeditiously as poffiHe, therefore, can add nothing to the assurances ble, the Territory of the Republic. The Unwhich he has already given to the Minister for dersigned declares moreover, in the name of the Foreign Affairs, as well by word of mouth, as in Executive Directory, that if the British Cabinet his Official Note ; and he repeats that he is ready is desirous of Peace, the Executive Directory is to enter with that Minister into every explana- ready to follow the Negociations, according to tion of which the state and progress of the Nego- the basis laid down in the present Note, by the ciation may admit, and that he will not fail to reciprocal channel of Couriers. enter into the discussion of the Proposals of his

(Signed) CH. DELACROIX. Court, or of any counter-project which may be de- Paris, 29th Frimaire ( 19th December) tivired to him, on the part of the Executive Dia 5th Year of the French Republic, One rectory, with that candoar and that spirit of con- and Indivvisible. ciliation which correspond with the just and paci.

( No. 34. ) [D.] fic sentiments of his Court.

Lord MALMESBURY haitens to acknowledge Lord MALMESBURY requests the Ministers for the receipt of the Note of the Minifter for foForeign Affairs to accept the assurances of his reign Affairs, dated yesterday. He is preparing high consideration.

to quit Paris to-morrow, and demands, in conse(. No. 33. ) [ c. ]

quence, the necessary Passports for himself and The Underligned Minister for Foreign Affairs his Suite. is charged by the Executive Directory, to answer He requests the Minister for Foreign Affairs to Lord MALMESBURY's two Notes of the 27th to accept the assurances of his high contideration, and 29th Frimaire (17th and 19th December, Paris, 20th Dec. 1796.

As we had not room in the present Number to give place to all the Meteorolngical Journals which have been omitted, we propose to insert the whole of them, to the end of the year, complete, in THE SUPPLEMENTARY NUME ÉR. In future, they shall be inserted regularly.

In order to insert the whole of the late Diplomatic Correspondence, we bave been worden pelled to add TWELVE PAGES 10 our usual quantity of Lelter Press.




No. XII. - VOL. II.


For the Monthly Magazine,

The following particulars were transcrired

at the wish of the late Lord Daer, who thought of communicating them at the Society for the Improvement of African Geography. The author desires to pre

serve them in your Miscellany. То

those who ambition the improve

ment of African gecgraphy, it may not be unwelcome to offer Toine partiçulars of the language and poetry of Madagascar, François Cauche, of Rouen, published at Paris in 1654, his voyage to that itland. The Chevalier de Porny, published at Paris in 1787, the Chansons Madegasses, which he had collected dusing his refidence there. From these two fouces the following vocabulary and longs* are derived. Something of the philosophy of language may be learned from the one; much of beautiful nature admired in the other: neither will be wholly indifferent to the ethic observer,





nostrils l'ocve

inouth Lille

tongue Neefe

teeih Vooze







Siqe af
Voola foohe

Z z


liver kidney paps feet penis heart mind


water earth heaven, wind charm, remedy sun wine brandy, wine of fire tres stone gold filver iron bread hunger milk cheese, head of milk butter, fat of milk dog cat looking-glass fat lean ftinking weary displeased filly wile hot cold good bad violet white great dittle bold timid, dead covetous liberal falle heavy to eat to drink




* The Songs of the Negroes of Madagascar, ..which is what is here referred to, have already appeared in No. 6, page 449, of the Monthly Magazine.


before noon




raw, four


· Sear
Manswander ambone
Manfwander matte
Ranne awette ambone
Aeat vel
Is mani foola
Ro mani foola
Tel mani fola


to sleep

DIALOGUE. to weep

Haisa anno. Art thou come? to laugh

Fante taytanne, France. Yes, from the to kill

land of France. yes

Hanho awjee autanne Malagascar. no early

Why come you to the land of Madagascar ?

Zabai mitandre marmare. I come to
night, sun-death bring thee much.
rain, water that comes

Magarina. What is it?
(from above

Angue, arrey, voora foobe; sable, firak, fruit

lambe, satron, angamara. Coral, neck

(plant laces, beads, copper, tin, cloth, liais,
live-plant, the sensitive thoes.

So's annos anniette. Thou art welcome.
Zabai raw00.

Glad of is.

Magnina foo annotea. What defires thy red

heart? ripe

Zahai ten, engombe, engoudri, ennlig black

envooise, accoo, attoole, fuie, vafjarre, foft

toolooga?, viengilembe, foojhe varre. I rice in the husk want becf, muiton, goats, capons, eggs millet

fruits, lemons, oranges, liines, beans, arid physician

white rice.

Zghai omai, anno awiote entranque day

aminai. I will give thee, and thou thalt night

be welcome in my

houte. yesternight

Ovri zahai mandry antanas en arałcz. to-nighe

When thall I go into thy town?

Foho enno tbea awigte. Wlien thy heart sheep

defires. lizard

Zahai mandre tille ovairdre. I will g? tortoise

in three days.

Awiotte amini oola abi mitondre, fev.dok hatchet

fenoo entanas aminci engare Fanzaire. strong

Come with all thy men; bring the full

chefts into the town of Fanzaire. honey

Salam, roandrie, zahai astiotte em. fugar

panguinere. Farewel, fir, I will come at Tell-fith

that time. crabs

Saloin, zahai avientang amini fo lati

mitordre fandok. Good day! I am coine threc

to thy town with my chests full. four

Mifahaa awo alloi, fan labloil. Let five

inc sce, open

the locks. fix

Parleilail colloi, misahaa foho annotea, teven

The locks are open, lee what thy heart eight

defires. nine

So abigo, ay oole France manne, zabai

anharey mousquine. Anzio ommay "vooze cleven

angue bewente solem awo. Very fine, twelve

how the men of France are rich, and we thirteen


Give me that coral necklace twenty


- Into, roandrie zahommey. There, fir,

I give it.
two hundred

Zabai rawco fobo. Magnine teas anno. two thousand

Thou doit me great pleasure. What thall
I give thee



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