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1796.) State Papers relative to the late Negociation with France.

927 from the Minister for Foreign Affairs. He de- with respect to the application of the general clares likewise that he shall dispatch Couriers to principle already established, as the bafis of the his Court as often as the official Communications Negotiation for Peace. to him may require special inftructions.

He will, with the utmost readiness, enter with Paris 13th Novp

. 1796.

MALMESBURY. that Minister into every explanation which the ( No. 24. )

Itate and progress of the Negotiation will allow, THE Court of London having been informed and he will not fail to enter into the discussion of what has passed in consequence of the last of these Propositions, or of any counter-project Memorial delivered by its order to the Minister which may be transınitted to him on the part of for Foreign Affairs, does not think it necessary the Executive Directory, with that frankness and to add any thing to the Answer made by the Un- that spirit of conciliation, which correspond with derfigned to the two Questions which the Din the jurt and pacific intentions or his Court. rectory thought proper to address to him.

Puris, Dec. 17, 1795.

MALMESBURY. That Court waits, therefore, and with the

( No. 28.) greatest anxiety, for an explanation of the senti- CONFIDENTIAL MEMORIAL, ON THE PRINments of the Directory, with regard to the prin- CIPAL OBJECTS OF RESTITUTION, COMciple it has proposed, as the basis of a Negotia- PENSATION, AND RECIPROCAL ARRANGEtion, and the adoption of which appeared to be the best means of accelerating the progress of a THE principle, already established, as the badiscussion fo important to the happiness of fosis of the Negotiation, by the consent of the two many nations.

Goverments, is founded on Restitutions to be The Undersigned has, in consequence, received made by His BRITANNIC MAJESTY to orders to renew the demand of a frank and pre- France, in compensation for the arrangements cise Answer on this point, in order that his to which that Power may consent, in order to faCourt may know, with certainty, whether the tisfy the juit pretensions of the Allies of the Directory accepts that proposal ; or desires to King, and to preserve the political balance of make any change or modifications whatever in it; Europe. or, lastly, whether it would wish to propose any In order to accomplish these objects, in the other principle that may promote the same end ? manner the most complete, and to offer a fresh Paris, Nov. 26, 1796. MALMESBURY. proof of the fincerity of his wishes for the re( No. 25. )

establishment of general tranquillity, His MAIN answer to the Note delivered yesterday, ' jesty would propose, that there should be given November 26, by Lord MALMESBURY, the

to this p:inciple, on each sidu, all i he latitude of Undersigned Minifter for Foreign Affairs is in- which it may be susceptible. structed by the Directory, to observe, that the 1. His MAJESTY demands therefore, answers made on the 5th and 22d of laft Bru- 1. The restitution to His Majesty the EMmaire, contained an acknowl dgment of the prin- PEROR and KING, of all his dominions, on the ciple of Compenfation, and that, in o.der to re- footing of the Status ante Belluna.. move every pretext for farther dis ussion on that 2. Tie re-establishment of Peace between the point, the Undersigned, in the name of the Exe- Germanic Empire and France, by a suitable ar. cutive Directory, now makes a :ormal and posi- rangement, conformably to the respective intetive declaration of such acknowlei, ment

reis and to the general safety of Europe. This In consequence, Lord NALMSBURY is again arrangement to be negotiat d with His IMPEinvited to give a speedy and categorical Antwer RIAL MAJESTY, as conitituti nal Head of the to the Propofal made to him on the 22d of lust Empire, either by the interventiun of the King, Brumaire, and which was conceived in thele or immediately as His IMPERIAL MAJESTY

“ The Undersi. ned is instructed by the shall prefer. Executive Directory, to invite you to definate,

3. The evacuation of Italy by the French without the least delay, and exprctly, the (b. T109s, with an engagement not to interfere in jects of reciprocal Compenlation which you have the internal affairs or that Country; which to propose.”

should be re-eitablished, as far as possible, upon Paris, Nov. 27, 1796. CH. DELACROIX. the footing of the Status ante Bellum. ( No. 26.)

In the courie of the Negotiat on, a more deTHE Undersigned Minister Plenipotentiary of tailed discufiion may be entered into of the farHis BRITANNIC MAJESTY, in answer to the


ther measures which it may be proper to adopt, Note dated this morning, which was sent to him respecting the objets of these three Articles, in by the Minister for Foreign Affairs, haftens to order to the providing more effectually for the ailure him, that he will not delay a moment in future security of the respective limits and polcommunicating it to his Court, fiom wh ch he leflions, and for the maintenance of general tranmust neceffarily wait for farther orders, belore quillity. he can explain himself upun the important points II. With regard to the other Allies of His which it contains.

BRITANNIC VIAJESTY, His 11a jetty demands, Paris, 27th Vov. 1796. MALMESBURY. that there be reserved to Her Majetty the EM(No.27.)

PRESS of all the Russias, a fuil and unlimited THE Undersigned is charged to transmit to power of taking part in this Ne ociation whenthe Minister of Foreign Affairs the inclosed Me- ever she may think tit; or of acceding to the Demorial, containing the Proposals of his Court, finitive Treaty, and thereby returning to a state

of Peace with France,

III. His


III. His MAJESTY also demands, that Her But if, during the Negociation, any alteration Bloft Faithlu' MAJESTY may be comprehended should take place in the state of things, in this in this Neg tiation, and may return to a Nate of respect, it will then be proper to agree upon the peace with France, without any ceífion or bus- reftitutions and compensations to be made on ekontome condition on either side.

each side. IV. On these c.sad tions, His RI AJESTY OF- With regard to the Republic of the United fers to France the entire and unreserved reftitu. Provinces, His BRITANNIC MAJESTY and sion of all the Conquests which he has made on his Allins find themfelves too nearly intereited that Power in the East and Welt Indies, propole in the political Situation of those Provinces, to ing at the same time that a mutual understand. be able to content in their favour to the re-esta. mg should be established as to the means of fe. blishinent of the Staius aniè Bellum as with recaring for the future the trasyquillity of the two fpect to territorial poffeffions, unless France Mations, and of conío: idating, as such as pos- could, on her part, reinstate them in all refpe&s lible, the advantages of their servetive portes in the same political situation in which they hus. His MAJESTY otiers, in like manner,

stood before the War. the reftitution of the Triands of St Pierre and if, at least, it were poflible to re-eftablith in Miquelon, and of the Fishery of Newfoundland, chofe Provinces, agreeably to what is believed en the footing of the Status ante Billum. to be the wish of a great nrajority of the in

But if, in addition to this, Flis VIAJESTY habitants, their ancient Constitution and form were to wave the right given to him by the ex- of Government, His MAJ651 Y might then press fipulations of the Treaty of Utrecht, of be difpoled so relax, in their favour, from a very appoing the cefiion of the Spanish part of St. confider. ble part of the conditions on which the Domingo to France, His MAJESTY would then present state of things obliges him to infift. demand, in return for this concelhion, a compen- But if, on the contrary, it is with :he Repuba ition, which might secure, at leafi in fome de- lic of Holland, in its present ftate, that their gree, the maintenance of the balance of the se- BRITANNIC and IMPERIAL MAJESTIES will ipective poífeffions in that part of the world. have to treat, they will feel themelves obliged

V. In all the cales of cellions of reftitutions, to fuck in territo ial acquisitions, those compenwhich may come in quellion in the course of Lations, and that fecurity, which fuch a ftate of this Negociation there should be granted on each things will have renxereà indispenfible to them. fide, to all individuals, the most unlimited right Reititutions of any kind, in favous of Hol. to withdraw with their families and their pres- land, could in that cafe be admitted in lo far only perty, and to fell their land and other immove- as they shall be compensated by arrangements able poffeßions; and adequate arrangements calculated to contribute to the security of the Shoult also be made, in the course of this Nezo- Gulivian Neulelands. The means of accomtiation, for the removal of all sequestrations, and pliihing this object will be found in the Cestions for the fatis action of the just claims which in- which France tras exićted in ber Treaty of dividuals on either side may have to make upon Peace wish Holland, and the paffeilion of which the refpective Governments.

by that Power would in any cale be absolutely MALMESBURY. incompatible with the fecurity of the Austrian (No. 29.)


It is on these principles that Hos BRITANNIC The Allies of France not leaving hitherto ex- MAJESTY would be ready to treat for the re. pitfied any defire or difpoftion to treat with eftail.fiment of Peace wiih he Republic of Halthe XING, HIS MAJESTY might have forbonne Jane in its prefent state. 'I he details of such a to enter into any detail on their account; but, diluliion must necessarily lead to the considerain order to avoid any delays prejudicial to the tion of what would be due to che interelt and the great oliject which the King has in view, and rights of the House of Orange. to accelerate the work of a General Peace, His

(No. 50 ) MAJESTY will not refuse to explain limself in MY LORD

Paris, Dec. 20, 1796. the first instance on the points which concern Mr. Ellis returned here from London on thof Powers. If, then, the CATHOLIC King Thursday lait, the 35th instant, at five, P.M. fhould defire to be comprehended in this Ne- and delivered to me the Dispatches No. i 3 and gociation, or to be allowed to accede to the 12, with which he was changed by your Lord. Definitive Treaty, this would meet with no ob. ship fracle on the part of His MAJESTY.--Nothing Although nothing can be clearer, more ably having hitherto been conquered by either of the drawn up, or more satisfactory, than the instruca the two Soverei ns from the other, no other tions they contain, yer as it was of the lait impoint could, at the present moment, come into portance that I should be completely master of question, but that of the re-establishment of the fubject before I saw the French Minister, I Peace, fimply, and without any reftitution or delayed asking for a conference till late on Fricompensation whatever, except such as might day evening, with a view that it should not take poñibly result from the application of the princi- place till Saturday morning. pie declared at the end of the fourth Article of He appointed the hour of cleven A.M. on that The Memorial already delivered to the Minister day, and it was near ore before we parted. Alfor Foreign Ailairs.

though what is fait by M, DELACROIX before



1796.] State Papers relative to the late Negociation with France.



he has communicated with the Directory cannot could not be disposed of withour finging the be considered as officially binding, and probably Nation into all the confusion which must follow may, in the event, be very different from what a convocation of the Primary ; and, I Mall hear when he speaks to me in their he said, he was rather furpriled that Great Britain name, yet as it is impossible they should not 1hould bring this forward as the governing condinearly conjecture the nature of the overtures I tion of the Treaty, since he thought he bad, in thould make, and of course be prepared in some fome of our late conversations, fully explained degree for them, it is material that your Lord- the nature of their Conftitution to me. I reship should be accurately acquainted with the first plied, that every thing I had heard from him on impressions they appear to make on M. DELA- this point was perfectly in my recollection, as it

probably was in his, that though I had listened I prefaced what I had to communicate with to him with that attention I always affordert to faying, that I now came authorized to enter every thing he said, yet I had never made him with him into a deliberation upon one of the most any sort of reply, and had neither admitted nor important subjects that perhaps ever was brought controverred his opinion: that although I beinto difcuflion that its magnitude forbade all lieved I could easily disprove this opinion, from

finele, excluded all prevarication, suspended all the spirit of the French Conftitution itself, yet prejudices, and that as I had it in command to the discussion of that Conftitution was perieexiy Tpeak and act with freedom and truth, I expect foreign to the object of my miffion; lince, erea ed that he, on his part, would conlider these as allowing his two positions, viz. that the retrothe only means which could or ought to be em- celfion of the Autrial Netherlands was incomployed, if he wished to see a Negotiation, in patible with their Laws, and that we ought to which the happinels of millions was involved, have known that beforehand; yet, that there terminate successfully. That, for greater pre- existed a drçit public in Europe, paramount to cilion, and with a view to be clearly underítood any droit public they might think proper ta in what I was about to propose, I would give establish within their own Dominions; and that him a Confidential Memorial, accompanied by if their Constitution was publicly known, the an Official Note, both of which, when he had pe- Treaties existing between His MAJESTY and ruled them, would speak for themselves. The the EMPEROR were at least equally public, Memorial contained the conditions, on the ac- and in these it was cleariy and distinctly enounccomplishment of which His MAJESTY con- ed, that the Two Contracting Parties reciproGidered the restoration of Peace to depend. The cally promise n it to lay down their arms withNote was expreflive of His MAJESTY's readi- out the reftitution of all the Dominions, Terrie ness to enter into any explanation required by tories, &c. which may have belonged to either the Directory on the subject, or to receive any of them before the War. That the date of this Contre-projet, resting on the same basis, which ftipulation was previous to their annexing the the Directory might be disposed to give in. Auftrian Netherlands to France; and the notoThat, mo ever, I did not hesitate declaring to riety of this ought, at the very moment when him, in conformity to the principles which I they had passed that Law, to have convinced had laid down, and from which I certainly never them, that, if adhered to, it must prove an inshould depart, at any period of the Negociation, surmountable obstacle to Peace. I applied his that I was prepared to answer any questions, ex- maxim to the West India lands, and to the plain and elucidate any points, on which it was Settlements in the East Indies ; and asked him, poslible to forelee that doubts or misconceptions Whether it was expected that we were to wave could arise on the consideration of these Papers. cur right of poffeffion, and be required ftill to

And having faid thus much, I had only to consider them as integral parts of the French remark, that I believed, in no fimilar Negocia- Republic which must be restored, and on which tion which had ever taken place, any Minister no value was to be set in the balance of Comwas authorised, in the firit instance, to go fo pensation ? I also stated the poflible case of fully into the discussion as I now was.---That France having lost part of what the deemed her I was sure neither the truth of this remark, nor integral Dominions, initead of having added in the manifest conclusion to be drawn from it, them in the course of the War? and whether would escape M. DELACROIX's obfervation. then, under the apprehension of fiill greater

I then put the two Papers into his hands. He loftes, the Government, as it was now composed, began by reading the Note, on which of course should contider itself as not vested with powers he could only express satisfaction. After peruling sufficient to save their Country from the imthe Confidential Me vorial with all the atrention pending danger, by making Peace on the conit deserved, he, after a short pause, faid, that it ditions of sacrificing a portion of their Dominions appeared to him to be liable to insurmountable to fave the remainder? M. DELACROIX laid, objections; that it seemed to him to require much this was stating a case of necessity, and such a more than it conceded, and, in the event, not to mode of reasoning did not attach to the present leave France in a situation of proportional great- circumstances. I readily admitted the first part ness to the Powers of Europe. He said, the Act of this propofition, but contended, that if the of their Conftitution, according to the manner in power existed in a case of neceflity, it equally which it was interpreted by the befi Publicists (and existed in all others, and particularly in the cale this phrase is worthy remark) made it imposible before us, since he himfelf had repeatedly told for the Republic to do what we required. The me that Peace was what this Country and its Aubrian Netherlands were annexed to it ; they Government wilhed for, and even wanted.


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M. DELACROIX, in reply, shifted his ground, et de la priver même du nécessaire pour le bien de and by a string of arguments founded on premises la chose Publique.And he ended by saying, calculated for this purpose, attempted to prove, that the French Republic, when at Peace, nethat from the relative situation of the adjacent cessarily must become the most quiet and pacific Countries, the present Government of France Power in Europe. I only observed, that in this would be reprehensible in the extreme, and case the paslage of the Republic from youth to deserve impaichinent, if they ever suffered the decrepitude had been very sudden; but that still Netherlands to be separated from their Domi- I never could admit, that it could be a matter of nions; that by the Partition of Poland, Russia, indifference to its neighbours, much less one neAuftria, and Prusia, had increased their power cessary security to itself, to acquire such a very to a most formidable degree : that England, extensive addition to its Frontiers as that he had by its Conquests, and by the activity and hinted at. judgment with which it governed its Colonies, This led Monf. DELACROIX to talk of ofhad doubled its strength. ---Your Indian Empire fering an equivalent to the EMPEROR for the alone, faid M. DELACROIX with vehemence, Austrian Netherlands; and it was to be found, has enabled you to subsidize all the Powers of according to his plan, in the secularization of the Europe againit us, and your monopoly of trade three Ecclefiaftical Electorates, and several bas put you in poffefüon of a fund of inexhausti- Bishoprics in Germany and in Italy. ble wealth. His words were, Votre Empire dans He talked upon this subject as one very famiP'Indie vous a fourni les Moyens de salarier toutes liar to him, and on which his thoughts had been les Puiffances contre nous, et vous avez accoparé frequently employed. le Commerce de Manière que toutes les Richelles du He spoke of making new Electors, and named, Monds se versent dans vos Coffres.

probably with a view to render his scheme more From the necessity that France should keep palatable, the STADTHOLDER and the Dukes the Netherlands and the Left Bank of the Rhine of BRUNSWIC and WURTEMBURG, as persons for the purpose of preserving its relative fituation proper to replace the three Ecclefiaftical Electors in Europe, he pafled to the advantages which, who were to be reformed. he contended, would result to the other Powers It would be making an ill use of your Lordby such an addition to the French Dominions. fhip’s time, to endeavour to repeat to you all Bclgium (to use his words) by belonging to he said on this subject; it went in fubfiance France, would remove what had been the source (as he himself confeffed) to the total subverof all Wars for two centuries past, and the sion of the present constitution of the GerRhine, being the natural boundary of France, inanic Body; and as it militated directly would enfure the tranquillity of Europe for two against the principle which both His MAcenturies to come. I did not feel it necessary to JESTY and the EMPEROR laid down fo dicombat this preposterous doctrine; I contented stinctly as the basis of the Peace to be made myself with reminding him of what he had said for the Empire, I contented myself with reto me in one of our last conferences, when he minding him of this circumsiance, particumade a comparison of the weakness of France Tarly as it is impossible to discuss this point under its Monarchs, and its strength and vigour with any propriety, till His IMPERIAL MAunder its Republican Form of Government : JESTY becomes a party to the Negociation. « Nous ne fommes plus dans la Décrépitude de I took this opportunity of hinting, that if or la France monarchique, mais dans toute la all the other points France agreed to the proForce d'une République adolescente," was his ex- posals now made, it would not be impossible preffion: and I inferred from this, according to, that fome increase of Territory might be his own reasoning, that the force and power ceded to her on the Germanic side of her France had acquired by its change of Govern- Frontiers, and that this, in addition to the ment, was much greater than it could derive Duchy of Savoy, Nice, and Avignon, would from any acquisition of Territory; and that it be a very great acquisition of strength and followed, if France, when under a Regal Form power. Monf. DELACROIX here again reof Government, was a very just and conitant ob- verted to the Conititution, and said, that ject of attention, not to say of jealousy, to the there Countries were already constitutionally others Powers of Europe, France (admitting his annexed to France. I replied, that it was axiom) was a much more reasonable object of impollible, in the Negociation which we were jealousy and attention under its present Conftitu- beginning, for the other Powers to take it up tion than it ever had ye: been, and that no addi- from any period but that which immediately tion to its Dominions could be seen by its 'neigh- preceded the War, and that any acquisition bours, but under impreffions of alarm for their own or diminution of Territory which had taken future safety, and for the general tranquillity of place among the Belligerent Powers since it Europe, M. DELACROIX's Answer to this was so first broke out, muft neceffarily become subremarkable, that I must beg leave to insert it in ject matter for Negociation, and be balanced : what I believe to be nearly his own words :--- against each other, in the final arrangement « Dans le Tems Révolutionnaire tout ce que vous of a General Peace.

“ You then perfift,' dites, Milord, étoit vrai rien n'égaloit votre said M. DELACROIX, “in applying this prinPuisance ; mais ce tems n’exifie plus. Nous ne ciple to Belgium ?” I answered, “ Moft cer. pouvons plus lever la Nation en masse pour voler tainly; and I thould not deal fairly with you, au secours de la Patrie en danger. Nous ne pou- if I hesitated to declare, in the outset of our Tons plus engager ros Concitoyens d'ouvrir leurs Negociation, that on this point you must enBourges pour les vorfer dans le Trésor Nationale,


1796.] State Papers relative to the late Negociation with Francë. 93% tertain no expectation that His Majesty had been speaking to M. Delacroix on the will relax, or ever consent to see the Nether- Peace with France, yet, as it did not becoma. lands reinain a part of France."

a matter of discussion between us till I came M. DELACROix replied, he saw no pro- to mention the peace with Spain, I thought fpect in this case of our ideas ever meeting, it better to place all that passed on the suband he despaired of the success of our Nego- je&t in this part of my Dispatch : it was the ciation. He returned again, however, to his only point on which he entered; but I by: idea oť a poffible cquivalent to be found for no means inter from his not bringing forward ihe EMPEROR; but as all he proposed was some claims for Spain, that we are not to the alienation or dismemberment of Coun- hear of any in the course of the Negociation; tries not belonging to France, even by Con- on the contrary, I have little doubt that many, queit, I did not consider it as deserving at- and most of them inadmissible, will be made tention, and it is certainly not worth repeat- before it can end. He, however, was filent ing to your Lord hip.

on them at this moment, and confined all ho I need not observe, that all the Equiva- had to say to combating the idea that Spain: lents proposed, however inadequate to the was bound by the Treaty of Utrecht not ta, exchange, were offered as a return for our alienate her Poffessions in America.--I had: consent that the Netherlands should remain the Article copied in my pocket, and I read part of France; of course, the admitting them it to him. He confeffed it was clear and cx-. in any lhape, would have been in direct con- plicit, but that circumtiances had to ma trialtradiction to my Indiructions.

ly altered fince the year 1719, that engageM. DELACROIX touched very lightly on ments made then ought not to be consider-' Italy; and the course of our conversation did ed as in force now. I said, that the spirit. not bring this part of the subject more into of the Article itself went to provide for didifcuffion.

îtant Contingencies, not for what was expectI must add, that whenever I mentioned the ed to happen at or near the time when the restoration of the Netherlands to the EMPE- Treaty was made; and that it was because the ROR, I always took care it should be under- alteration of circumsances he alluded to was. tood that there were to be accompanied by foreseen as possible, that the clause was {nfertfuch further ceffions as should forin a com- ed; and that is Spain paid any regard to the petent line of defence, and that France could faith of Treaties, the must consider herself as not be permitted to keep poniession of all the no lets strictly bound by this clause now, thai. intermediate Country to the Rhine ; and I at the moment when it was drawn up. I went particularly dwelt on this point, when I held on by saying, that it did not, however, apout tire posibility of admitting an extension pear quite impossible that this point might be of the limits of France on the side of Ger- settled without much difficulty; and that means many. But as the French Minister no less might be devised that His CATHOLIC MAtrenuously opposed the restitution of the JFSTY should not break his faith, and both Netherlands to the EMPEROR, than I tena- England and France be equally satisfied. I ciously insified upon it, the further extention then held out to him, but in general terms, of my claim could not of course become a that either Spain might regain her part of St. subject of argument,

Domingo, by inaking some considerable celI believe I have now, with a tolerable de- fion to Great Britain and France, as the price gree of accuracy, informed your Lordthip of of Peace, or that, in return for leaving the all that tlie French Minister said on my open- whole of St. Domingo to France, we should ing myself to him on that part of my In- retain either Martinico, or St. Lucia and Tofructions which more immediately relates to bago. M. DELACROIX listened with a degree Peace between Great Britain, His IMPERIAL of attention to these proposals, but he was, MAJESTY, and France. It remains with me fearful of committing himself by any exprefto inform your Lordships what passed be- fion of approbation; and he dismissed the sub, tween us on the subject of our respective ject of the Court of Madrid, by obrerving, Allies.

that France never would forsake the intereits On the articles reserving a right to the

of its Alies. Court of St. Petersburgh, and to that of Life Our conversation on those of its other Ally, bon, to accede to the Treaty of Peace on the Holiand, was much longer, as the wording of firict Stutus ante Bellum, the French Minister the Memorial inevitably led at once deep inmade no other remark than by mentioning to the subject. the Allies of the Republic, and by enquiring M. DELACROIX affected to treat any deviwhether I was prepared to say any thing re- ation from the Treaty of Peace concluded be lative to their interests, which certainly the

tween France and that Country, or any reRepublic could never abandon. This afford- storation of Territories acquired under that ed me the opportunity of giving in the con- Treaty to France, as quite impracticable. He fidential Memorial B. relative to Spain and treated as equally impracticable any attempt. Holland, and I prefaced it by repeating to at restoring the Ancient Form of Government him the substance of the firit part of your

in the Seven United Provinces. He talked Lordthip’s No. 12.

with an air of triuinph of the establishment of Although I had touched upon the subject a National Convention at the Hague, and of the Spanish part of St. Doiningo, when I with an affectation of feeling, that by it the MONTHLY MAG, No. XI.



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