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1796.]
Public Affairs.--France.

007 ftrict neutrality towards all the bellige- called on the legislative body to secure the rent powers ; in consequence of which, return of peace, by a vigorous organizahe pledges himself to prevent, indifcri• tion of the means proper for the continuminately, access to his ports to all armed ance of the war. fhips of war belonging to the said powers, “ The French government,” said he,“ is, according to the regulations acknowledg. desirous of a sincere, speedy, and honour. ed by the said neutrality. That his ma- able peace. If our enemies act with jefty of the Two Sicilies, in order to af- frankness and sincerity, tranquillity will ford a proof of his friendship for the speedily be restored to Europe. Our wants French republic, confents to set are multiplied, it is true, but our resources liberty every French citizen who had are not exhausted : we have domains to been arrested and detained in his states, alienate, and arrears to recover, we have on account of his or their public opinions no need of violent means : our territorial respecting the French revolution. That poffeffions are sufficient for us, and will there shall be negociated and concluded, enable us to meet buch the war expendi. without delay, a treaty of commerce be- ture and the acquital of the public debt." tween the two powers, founded on the He then presented a series of resolutions basis of mutual utility, and such as shall purportingą“That there fall be a fund insure to the French nation advantages of 450,000,000 of livres in specie for the equal to all those which are enjoyed in service of the fifth year, for the fixed exthe kingdom of the Two Sicilies by the pences; and another fund of 550,000,000, most favoured nations. That the same also in specie, for the extraordinaries; that peace, friendship, and good understand the fund for the fixed expences thall be ing, that were ftipulated in this treaty drawn from the produce of the contribubetween the king of the Two Sicilies tions of the fifth year. The funds for and the French republic, shall fulfist extraordinaries thall be drawn from the hetween his majesty and the Batavian re- arrears of the contributions, and from the public. That the treaty should be ra- revenues of the national domains and fo. tified within forty days from the date rasts; and to complete the 550,000,000 a thereof."

sufficient quantity of national domain fhail The old ally of England, and the new be sold by action, and the payment thall one of the French republic, Victor Ama. be inade a tenth part in specie, four-tenths deus Marie, of Savoy, king of Sardinia, in schedules, and the other five tenths in died on the 16th of O&tober. This event government debentures. was notified to the Executive Directory; That the territorial contributions for by a dispatch from the prince of Piedmont, the fifth year are filled at 250,000,000, to his fon and successor, in terms the most be taken from the departments and the amicable and expressive of his good will to- personal and sumptuary contributions at wards the French republic.

50,000,000.-That the members of the The French Directory returned an an- central and municipal administrations thall, swer to the new king of Sardinia, equally as soon as poflible, proceed to the collection expressive of their intention to preferve of the direct contributions.” peace and amity with the king of Sardinia. On the 10th of Decerober the Execu.

It would afford us the molt cordial fatis. tive Directory addressed a message to the faction, if we could announce to our rean Council of Five Hundred, respecting the ders, that the negociation between lord deranged state of the French finances; Malmbury and the French Directory had announcing that the multiplied wants of been brought to the same happy termina- the republic call imperiously upon the letion. While, however, these papers are gillative body to display and employ all her committing to the press the hand of the resources; that every branch of the pubwriter is arrested, and his long cherished lic service experienced the utmost diliress. hopes are defeated by the fatal intelli. The pay of the troops remaining unset. gence that the treaty is abruptly broken tled; the defenders of tne country sufferoff.

ing all the horrors of want; the creditors [In the concluding pages of this Muga- of the state and contractors remaining unzine, our Readers will find an exa&t copy of paid ; and the administration of the police the official correspondence wbich passed dur- unable to repress the intrigues of the dising this important negociation.]

affected in every part of the repubiic. On the igth of October, CAMBACERES, The Directory then pointed out the emin the name of a special commission, made ployment of the arrears due upon the last a report in the council of five hundsed on fourth part of the national domains, sold a message of the Directory, in which he by the law of the 28th Ventose, as the MONTHLY MAG. No. XI.

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means of obtaining relief to the distresses for of Hanover. On the elector being of the republic.

urged by ihe chief of the empire to forSPAIN.

ward his quota for the defence of the com,

mon cause, under the denomination of the After a lapse of several months, the Bri- Roman Months, the former, it appears in tih Cabinet' have returned an answer to a note, dated on the 17th of October, has the Spanith declaration of war. In this pleadd his utter inability to comply with answer the British court assert, “ That a the imperial command-adding, that he, simple reference to that declaration, and a with several other states of Germany, had bare enumeration of the base and frivolous thought it neceffary to conclude a peace charges which it contains, would be suf- with the French, to prevent the falling of ficient to satisfy all reasonable and impar

his territories as a wreck among the genetial minds, that no part of the conduct of ral ruins of the empire. Many arguments Great Britain cowards Sprin has afforded are urged, in the course of the note, against the smallest ground of complaint. That the continuance of this “ unfortunate war," the only difficuity of a detailed reply arises

and the whole exhibits the most comnot from the strength and importance of plete contrast to the language and conduct the complaints alledged, but from their of the British ministry, weakness and futility. That the acts of

RUSSIA. hostility attributed to his majesty in the An important event has lately befallen manifesto of Spain are matters either in- the Russian empire. Her imperial manocent or indifferent in their nature, or of jesty expired on the evening of the 17th imputed intentions, of which no proof is of November; and the grand dyke, Paul adduced, nor any effect alledged,” &c. Petrowitsch, has succeeded in the goHOLLAND.

Various conjectures have al

ready been formed of the changes which On the 15th of November, the National

the death of this Semiramis of the North Convention of the Batavian Republic final.

may effect in the politics of Europe. Thę ly, read the remainder of the new constitu

prevailing opinion appears to be, that the tior. They tren decreed that the national

benevolent disposition of the fucceffor of priater should print, at the least expence Katherine will induce him to cultivate the poffible, a fusficient number of copies of it,

gentle arts of peace, with more zeal and to be distributed among the inhabitants of success than his ambitious mother. the republic. On the 17th of November the repre

[In our Supplementary Number will ap. fentative KASTEELE gave, in a long speech, pear a, copious Life of tbe Emprefs, with his opinion upon the new constitution. original Anecdotes of the Court of Rusia, He censured that part of the plan which zubich zve expet quill prove bighly interell divided the republic into nine independent ing to the Piiblic.] departments or provinces, which division,

WEST INDIES. he conceived, would militate against that unity which should be the object of every ral Ġordon Forbes

, commanding his ma

By the last dispatches from major-gene: good government.

Citizen W17 Bols censured the system jesty's troops in the island of St. Domingo, of finance set forth in the conftitution, and government were informed that the situacomplained alío of the want of unity in the tion of our troops in that island, in O&tonew plan. He alledged that it was deti- ber laft

, was better than it had been at any cient in affording security to the liberties of time since they had been in poffeffion of any the pcople, and not calculated to support part of it. l'hat the success of the very the rights of man.

judicious arrangements made by major

general Bowyer, at Jeremie, and the diviGERMANY,

fions among the ene ny in the south part The most fingular and interesting oc

of the island, where almost all the republicurrence which has taken place in this defeat, had affured the safety of the im

can whites had been mallacred since their part of the world, is the diplomatic correspondence, which has lately been pub. portant quarter of the Grand Ame.

St. Marcs and Mole St. Nicolas were Jished, between the emperor and the king of Great Britain, in his capacity of elec. also in a state of perfect security.

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1796.)

Deaths in London, &c. Alderman Pickett.

909

PUBLIC FUNDS.

Stock-Exchange, Dec. 26, 1796. THERE has been very little business 24th ult. at 144.

transacted here during the last month. 5 PER CENT. ANN. Ihut. As foon as the intelligence of the failure of 4 PER CENT. CONS. have fluctuated the negotiation for peace was known, between 73 and 74, and were on Saturday, Stocks fell 2 per cent. A much greater the 24th ult. at 74. depression must necessarily take place, as 3 PER CENT. Cons. shut.--Price for well on that account, as the additional the opening on Saturday last was 55. Stuck which will be brought to market ENGLISH LOTTERY TICKETS have early in January.

fell considerably. -Price on Saturday last BANK STOCK was on Saturday, the

121. 25.

· Deaths in and near London, with Biographical Memoirs. AFTER a lingering illness, Mrs. Reynolds ,

At Pondér’s-end, Thomas Fuller, efq. banker wife of capt. Reynolds, of Durham-house, of Lombard-Itreet. near Chelsea College. The loss of her cidest Mrs. Pye, wife of Henry James Pye, esq. fon, who died captain of a troop in the West late member for the county of Berks. Indies, made too deep an impression on her Aged 87, Mrs. Annesley, mother of Francis mind to be removed by any consolation, not

Annelley, esq. M P. for Reading. withitanding the most endearing and filial en- At Liffon-street, Paddington, Joseph Saunddeavours of the remaining part of her family,

ers. esq. aged 72. Mrs Anne Compton, wife of Mr. J. Comp

Mrs. Grindall, wife of Mr. Grindall, diftiller, ton, of Charlotte-itreet, Portland-place. of Broad-Itreet, Bloomsbury,

At Somer's Town, aged 30, James Ban- On Saturday the 17th, at his house in Weynerman, esq. Member of Council, and Gover- mouth-itreet, universally lamented, William nor of James Fort, America.

Pickert, esq. alderman of Cornhill Ward, in At Lambeth, aged 86, Mr. Üsborn, Father the city of London. He was born in 1736, at of the Vintners' Company.

Stoke Newington, where his father was a shopMr. W. Browne, attorney, of Kirby-street, keeper. He served his apprenticeship to Mr. Hatton-garden.

Hunter, an eminent goldsmith and banker in On Tower-hill, Mrs. Gordon, wife of Cosmo Lombard-Itreet.

In partnership with Mr. Gordon, esq.

Theed, he succeeded to the well-established The reverend John Bree, rector of Mark's butiness of Mr. Hurt, on Ludgate-hill; and Tay, in the courty of Essex.

the concern was for many years carried on under At Edgware-road, Miss M. A. Hanrott, the firm of Theed and Pickett. In 1732 he daughter of Mr. Hanrott, in the Poultry, a

was elected alderman of Cornhill Ward, with child in ycars, but mature in knowledge, from no applications on his part ; it being an invariathe earliest and most extraordinary propensity ble maxim with him, that votes in popular elecfor investigation, her manners were meek and tions Thould be unsolicited, and uninfluenceda gentle, and evinced such principles of innate About the same time he declined business in soodness, as rendered her deservedly, an object favour of Mr. Rundell, whom he had taken for of admiration and affection, with all who knew a partner : to which Itep he was principally inand have to lament her loss.

duced by the idea that his business would interThe youngest daughter of James Graham, fere with his public duty as an alderinan. The esq. of Lincoln’s-inn-fields, in the eighth year principle that private interest ought to be sacria

ficed to public good, was, indeed, what goAfter a tedious indisposition, the right rev, verned him through life, and he purlued it to a Dr. William Buller, Lord Bishop of Exeter. degree that bordered on enthusiasm. In this Several severe domestic dispensations weighed instance his conduct was the more remarkable, down this excellent prelate, and are considered as a trade established in the same house for half as a p:imary cause of his dissolution. Besides a century would have required little exertion on the gallant Colonel Buller, who was Nain on the his part, in addition to that of an active and Continent, he has lost two sons by consumption. intelligent partner. During several years the

Joseph Waring, esq. timber-merchant, Lam- alderman strenuously laboured in the Common beth.

Council to obtain its fanction to a very useful At Hommerton, Mrs. Elizabeth Martin. and favourite scheme of his that of widening

In Charlotte-Street, Portland-place, aged 73, and improving the avenues to the city at TemJohn Wade, esq. youngest son of the late field- ple-bar and Snow-hill

. At length his repeated marshall Wade.

motions succeeded and in consequence of an

appli.

of her age.

522

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application from the Common Council to Parli- Monthly Mag. for June laft.) Among the perment, an Act parsed in 1795 for raising the sons who being on deck, fell victims to the first sum of 100,000l. in order to carry those pur- fury of the enemy, was Lieutenant Pickett, poses into execution. A commencement has only son of the Alderman, at the age of 37, already been made in the work ; and from the He had been in the Company's service 15 or 16 benefit the public will experience when it is years ; and that he liad not attained higher precompleted, there is no doubt that the alder. ferment was chiefly to be attributed to the numan's name will be gratefully remembered by tions of independence entertained by his father; posterity. In 1790, he served the office of who, though on terms of intimacy with most Lord Mayor with much reputation ; and in the of the Directors, would never ask a favour in same year he offered himself at the general belalf of his son, left it might lay him under election as a candidate to represent the city of an obligation which would inackle his public London in Parliament. Firmly adhering to his conduct. To add to the sum of his domestic constitutional principle of not opening houses, affi&tions, he lost his lady but two months beor canvasking for votes, it is less wonderful that fore his own death. His character is sufficihe did not succeed against less scrupulous candi- ently displayed in the preceding a ecdotes, to dates, than that he should have been honoured render it unnecessary to add more than that he by the free suffrages of 1064 independent citi- was fincerely attached to religion ; and that in

And it is truly honourable to his cha. his politics, he scrupulously avoided all conracter, and to the rising spirit of the electors, nections with party as such, assuming no name, that on a renewed attempt, conducted on the following no leader, bul acting on every ocsame principles, in June laft, the number of cafion as he thought the merits of that particuvotes in his favour amounted to 2795, almost lar case demanded. On the Saturday after his triple of thoře at the former election. Alder- death, his remains were removed in great funeman Pickett married Miss Pratten, neice of ral pump from his house near Poriland-place Mr. Prentice, an opulent seedsman in Thames, through the city to Stoke Newington. The ftreet ; a great part of whole property would bells of St. Dunstan’s, St. Bride's, St. Martin's, certainly have devolved to him, had he thewn Bow, St. Michael's, and St. Peter's, Cornhill, himself a sufficient lover of wealth. By this tolled as the procession passed. It was attended lady he had several children ; of whom one by the city officers, and by a most respectable son and two daughters grew up to years

number of aldermen, and other gentlemen. turily. In the year 1781 the eldest daughter On Monday the 19th, Lord John Cavendish, lost her life in a most shocking manner, by the by a stroke of the apople xy. He was the son accident of her dress taking fire, in the fight of of the fourth, and uncle of the present, Duke her father, and as she was in the act of roling of Devonshire. Through life, till the lare up his hair by the fire-fide. The particular cir- alarm, and the consequent disunion of his cumstances of this melancholy event greatly in- friends, he was, in politics, attached to the terefted the public at the time; and the icene Whig interest ; and, on various occasions, acted must have made an indelible impression on the the part of a zealous and virtuous patriot. In mind of an affectionate parent. It is recorded the Whig Administration formed und's the on the family. tomb in the church-yard of Stoke Marquis of Rockingham, in 1765, he was apNewington, in an inscription drawn up by the pointed one of the Lords of the Tr«asury. Alderman himself, which we have copied en. During the fatal American war, he constantly tire in a note below*. A few months ago, in- voted in opposition to the measures of the telligence was received of the capture in the Ministry.- On the 8th of March, 1782, East Indies of the Triton Indiaman_(Sve immediately before the resignat on of Lord

North, his Lordship made the famous motion, * On the Top:

that the American war and the distressed situaNear this place lyeth the body of Mr. Wil. tion of the country at that time, was occasioned liam Pickett, formerly of this parish, who died February 19, 1745, aged 43 years : also Anne

At the West End: his wife, who died March 22, 1750, aged 42 This much-lamented young perfon expired in years : and likewise William, Thomas, and consequence of her clothes taking fire the

preTabitha, children of the above, who died in ceding evening. their infancy.

Lower, on the Base : This tomb was erected by William Pickett, Reader, if ever you should witness such an of London, goldsmith, only surviving offspring affecting fccne, recollect that the only method of the above William and Anne, on the melan- to extinguish the flame is, to ftifle it by an incholy death of his daughter Elizabeth: and mediate covering. also in memory of five other children, viz.

On the North Side : Thomas, Thomas, anne, Edward, and George, So unaffacted, fo con.pos'd a mind, who died in their infancy.

So firm, yet soft, so strong, yet so refin'd;
On the South Side :

Heav'n, as pure gold, by flaming tortures tried: A teftimony of respect from greatly afflicted The angel bore them, but the mortal died. parents : in memory of Elizabeth Pickett,

At the East End: spinster, who died December 11, 173i, aged Not a sparrow falls on the ground without our 23 years.

Heavendy Fathor.

1796.]
Deaths Abroad. :

911 by the want of foresight and ability of his gate, but not meeting with that degree of sucMajusly's Ministers. The motion was loit by cefs to which his abilities entitled him, he was a majority of only ten, the numbers being 226 induced to accept of the situation of physician again{t 216.

On the 37th of that month, to the forces de tied to the West Ludia: expeon the general change of administration, his dition ; but after a refidence of about four Lordihip came into power, as Chancellor of the months at Grenada, he fell a sacrifice to the Exchequer, with his friends, the Marquis of unhealthy climate of that island. Rickingham and Mr. Fox. On the lamented On the 15th of August, at Grenada, Brigadeath of the Marquis, on the 1st of July ful- dier-General Archibald Campbell, of the 2.9th lowing, the appointment of the Earl of Shel. Regiment. He entered into thať regiment in burn (now Marquis of Lansdowne) to be firit the 1759. Fion 1765 to 1773, hc ferved Lord of the Treasury, gave so much offence to with that regiment in New England, and was Lord John, Messrs. Fox, &c. that they resigned on several occasions employed against the people th ir offices, and again entered into opposition. during the disturbances in that province. In On this occasion, Mr. Pitt, the present premier, 1776 the regiment was again ordered on foreign succeeded as Chancellor of the Exchequer service to Canada. In the campaign of 1977, On the motion, on the irth of Feb, 19783, Captain Campbell was present at all the actions for an Address of Thanks on the general fought under General Burgoyne. In 1780 hs peace, J.ord John Cavendish moved an amend- obtained the brevet rank of Major. In 1782 ment, which was supported by Lord North, he commanded under Sir Frederic Haldimand, and carried against the Ministry by a majority a very impo tant poti 0.1 Lake Champlain. In of 224. against 208. On the 21st of the fame 1785, Majur Campbell was appointed with exmonth, he moved a string of resolutions, dif- tintive powers, commandant of the posts fitiapproving of the terms of the late peace, ate i on the five great lakes, which situation le which were alo carried against the Ministry filed with the highest credit. In October, 1787, by 207 against 190. The Minisry, at length, the regiment being relieved, returned hame. were compelled to give way to the unveilding In Nove:nber, 1790, he got the bievet rank of and determined spirit of the opposition ; and, Lieutenant-Colɔnel in August, 1795, to that of on the 2d of April, the famous coalition Colonel. The 29th forming part of Sir R. Ministry was formed, in which Lord John Abercrombie’s armiy, Colonel Campbell, on his orce more became Chancellor of the Exchequer. arrival in the West Indics, was appointed a On the dismissal of the coalition Ministry, on Brigadier-General, and sent with his brigade to the 27th of December of the same year, he Grenada. On the 25th of last March he com-was once more succeeded by Mr. Pitt, as Chan- manded, and succeeded in an attack upon a cellor of the Exchequer. From that time till large body of the enemy, posted on the heights the commencement of the French war, he con- of Port Royal. This was the last action of cotantly voted with his old friends. He how- fequence in which he had an opportunity to dil. ever, in 1793, .became the dupe of the aların- tinguith him elf. In Auguit following he died, ifts, and his political character will, in confe- afier a few days i!li1 ss ; and the loss of so brave quence, be tarnished in the eyes of posterity, and worthy a man, is said to have excited the for having lent his vote and interest in support tears of the whole island. cof the most destructive war, in which th s T. Williams, esq. late of the Cape of Good country was ever engaged. Lord John Caven- Hope, merchant. Fle bequreathed all his perdith is, notwithstanding, admitted on all hands fonal eíiate to J. Matson, efq. late of the Soutia to have been one of the most pure and cxalted Devon Militia, amounting to 30,0001 characters, even of his own illustrious family ; On the 27th of June lait, ät Caje St. Nichoand his death is a subject of real concern to all las Mole, W.M'Millan, ciq. of Barwliinnock, who enjoyed the honour of his friendihip.

Scotland.

On the 23d of Sept. 117, on his partage from Deaths Abroad.

the West Indies, D. M'Knigii, 114. of Barns. At Martinique, aged 27, Dr. Story, physician At Jamuica, T. Edgar, víq. Lieutenant in on the staff to the army, a native of Penrith, M. General Keppel's Regiment.-- 9.1d T. Cumberland, an ingenious young gentleman of Ewing, efq. great eminence in his profesion.

T. Spottiswood, esq. of the inand of To'age. On the 8th of August, of the yellow fever, In the West Indies, P. Ogilvie, c. thit at Grenada, Dr Francis Riollay, M. D. of the lieutenant of the Ambuscade. He had jutt University of Oxford, and a fellow of the col- before been appointed to the command of tie lege of Physicians, a gentleman, whose focial Corinorant. virtues and professional talents will be long re- N. B. In our Supplementary Number will apmembered by the small circle of friends who pear original and rivus Memoirs of the late Exhad the happiness of knowing him. He prace press oj Rullia. tiled physic for some years in London and Mar

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