Gambar halaman


imported; is. ditto, on those at £s the money thar had been given to the home

36,000 Emperor should come before the House, 5 per cent. on customed goods, and

he should oppose it ; and he hoped the 10 per cent. on brimstone, hemp,

House would refift, with him, fo violent iron in bar or unwrought, olive.

an attack upon the Constitution; and oils and faves (prize goods,

then he should know, whether he lived wine, and coais excepted)


in a free country or not. Auctions—2d, in the pound on

The resolutions moved by the Chan. estates ; 3d. ditto, on furniture, 40,000 Coffee and cocoa, 9d. per lb.


cellor of the Exchequer, were then put Poftage--id. additional on 3d and

and carried, and the report ordered to be so in proportion

250,000 received the next day. On that day Canals-s. od. toll duty on goods

(Dec. 8th) Mr. HOBART brought up carried by inland navigation 120,000 the Report of the Committee of Ways Diftilleries-id. per galion on corn

and Means, and moved, that the resolu.

300,000 tions be read a first time. Stage coaches

60,000 On the motion that the resolutions be Pari els-2d. on all parcels booked

60 000

read a second time, Mr. Fox rose, and Drawback on plantation coffee

22,000 said, he had fome observations to make Affeffed Taxes-Horses

12,000 Commutation duty 128,000

on the degraded fituation of the House, Houscs

with respect to the Executive Power. 150,000

A fervant of the Crown, in contempt of Total amount of the taxes iş 2,132,000

law, had sent 1,200,000l. to Germany; And the interest, for which they are

and, till the House had solemnly proprovided for, being


nounced on the Minister's conduct, he

thould deem 'himfclf a traitor to his There remains a surplus of

22,000 country, if he agreed to vote either a The Chancellor of the Exchequer then tion, Ministers had been guilty of a di

man or a shilling. In the case in quesgave a general sketch of the produce of rect' breach of the Conítitution. They the permanent taxes, and calculated the had difp-led of money, not only without average revenue, for the last four years, convening the Parliament, but without at 13,885,000l. But the next statement consulting it while actually filling: Pay: of the Minister was of a most extraordi.

ments had been made so late as Novem. nary natuie: His Majesty's Ministers," ber, 1796; and all this had been done, as faid he, is did not think it juftifiable to if on purpose to trow, that the power ve: withhold, with dangerous caution, that Gded in the servants of the Crown. Mr. supply which might have frustrated the Fox noticed it, as a circumstance not exertions of a perlevering and faithful less fingular, tha the House had yester; ally.". With this consideration, he add- day, for the first time, been acquainted ed, that the tum of 1,200,000l. had been with 'he Spanish war, although it had allotted to the service of his Imperial been publicly intimated by the Lord Majesty, without ibe consent or advice of Lieutenant of Ireland ; though notice of Parliament.

letters of marque

had After proposing a vote of credit, to the

in the Gazette ; and though the news. amout of three millions, he drew a far

papers were full of hostilities. He then cinating picture of the prosperous ftate returned to the ulurpation of the funcof this country, and observed, that if the tions of Parliament by the King's fernext quarter of the present year kept vants; and asked, what figure this Parpace in improvement with the former, liament would make in history, if it overthe commerce of 1796 would be found to exceed that of 1795 ty no less a fum than self, he should oppose the second reading

looked fo fatal a precedent ? 'As to himfour millions. The exports alone amount- of the resolutions ; and, if supported, ed to more than the sum of 30 millions.

would pledge himself to bring forward a Mr. Fox and Mr.GREY, with power. motion, charging the Ministers with ful arguments, controverted several of the “ high crimes and misdemeanors.” statements of the Minister, and deduced, Mr. PITT contended, that Ministers from the failure of his former assertions, were justified in what they bad done, by Itrong piobabilities of the groundless na- the vote of credit, which was to enable ture of those he had made that day, re. his Majesty's Ministers to adopt such fpecting the prosperous state of the coun. measures as the exigencies of the public ary, and of the finances. Mr. Fox avowe might require. ed, that wheneyer she question for voting Sir W. PULINEX and Mr. GREY




Public Affairs.---Great Britain.

903 considered the measure in question as cri

« When the Minister," said Mr. Fox, minal and unconftitutional, and the de- “determined, about a year ago, to furnish fence set up as extremely weak. supplies to the Prince of Conde, why

The House then divided; for the re- was not that circunstance stated to this solution, 164; against it, sé. Majority, House ? It would be a miserable answer, 106.

indeed, to say, that the amount of the exOn the 12th of December, Mr. Secre. penditure could not be made out ; for tary DUNDAs brought down a Mellage ihis fame answer might be given in many frojn the King, containing a proposal re- cases of votes of credit, and extraordinalative to the immediate commencement of ries of the army and navy. It appears, hostilities with Spain. He also brought that fome of the money that has been apup a copy of the Declaration of War by plied, was applied so long ago as Decemthe Spanish Court; and notified, that the ber, 1795 ; tome was sent in February, answer to this declaration would be laid 1796. From hence, it might be reasonbefore the House the next day. Accor. able to suppose, that this money was paid dingly, on the 13th of December, Mr. out of the vote of credit of 1795 ; no DUNDAS presented the answer that had such thing! the expence was paid, out been drawn up by his Majesty's com- of the vote of credit of 1796, which vote mand, to the Declaration of War by was not passed till February last.”. Mr. Spain against this country. His Majesty's Fox then said, that he had not calculatMessage relative to the War with Spain, ed the exact amount of the money which was then taken into consideration, and was sent during the receis, but he knew an address was ordered to be presented

that the sum of four hundred thouby such members of the House as were sand pounds had been isfyed fince the of the Privy Council.

meeting of Parliament. Why (added At this moment, the Legislative and he), did the Minister keep this froin Executive Powers of this country ap- their knowledge ? certainly, either to fix peared to be at issue--a great point was a precedent against the Conítitution, or about to be tried ; Whether the Execu- upon a conceited opinion that he was a tive Government could, of its own au- better judge of the subject than the Par. thority, dispose of the public treasure, liament." and apply the money of the people to Mț. Fox next made his motion; the such services as they may think proper, purport of which was,' " that his Ma. without the consent of the Legislature, jesty's Ministers, in sending money for eyen during the fitting of Parliament ? the service of the Emperor and the

On the 14th of December, a Common Prince of CONDE, without the consent, Hall of the Liverymen of the city of and during the fitting, of Parliament, London was assembled, for the purpose have acted contrary to their duty, and of taking into consideration the conduct the trust repofed in them, and have vioof Ministers in fending money to the lated the principles of the Constitution, Emperor, without the consent of Parlia- and the privileges of this House.” ment; and a majority, of at least thirty Mr. Pitt made a long defence, which to one of the Liverymen, gave a decided he rested entirely upon a series of preceyote against the conduct of the Ministers dents, which he produced, from the forin this instance.

mer proceedings of Parliament. Mr. Fox, in the House of Commons, Mr. SHERIDAN, in a speech replete on the same day, rose to make his pro- with sentiment and wit, controverted the mised motion, respecting the conduct of arguments of Mr. Pitt, and showed, his Majesty's servants, in fending money that out of all the precedents cited by to his Imperial Majesty, without the con. him, not nne of them applied either to sent of Parliament. After an excellent the remittances of money previous to the introduction, on the true constitutional palling of the vote of credit, or to the mode of granting sums of money for circumstance of money being remitted votes of credit, and extraordinaries of during the actual fitting of Parliament. the army and navy," he referred to On the division, the numbers were, the precedents of proceedings in the For Mr. Fox's motion, 81 House of Commons, collected by Mr. Against it,

285 HATSELL; whence he pointed out, in numerous cases, and from the clearest

de- fure on Ministers, for advancing money to the

List of the MINORITY, for a direct Cen. ductions, that the meafures of the Mi. Emperor, and the Prince of Condé, without pister, then under difcuffion, were sub- the consent or knowledge of Parliament.-T. versiye of the constitution of this country. Anson, Sir J. Aubrey, J. Båker, Sir C. Bam


pfylde, G. Barclay, Sir F. Baring, C. G. Beau- what he had done as the subject of an, slerk, R. Biddulph, W. W. Bırd, Hon. E. Bou- other ftate. It is unnecessary almost to verie, Hon. W. Bouverie, J. Brogden, J. R. add, that the motion was negatived by a Burch, F. Burdett, G. Byng, Lord G. Caven

great majority. dith, Sir R. Clayton, E. Coke, T. W Coke, On the 17th of December, the Chanw. "Colhoun, J. Courtnay, Sir C. Davers, Sir J. cellor of the Exchequer brought up : Dashwood, C. Dundas, Hon. L. Dundas, Hon message from his majesty, announcing, . T. Erskine, Gen. Fitzpatrick, Sir H. Fletcher, that it would be of the greatest imHon. E. Foley, C. Fox, C. Grey, J. Green, J. Hare; J. Harriso;, W. Hussey, N. Jefferys, J. portance to the cause of the allies that he Jekyl, 1. c. Jervois, T Kemp, R. Payne should be enabled to continue such tem. Kright, F. Lawrence, Sir W. Lemon, J. Le- porary advances for the service of the mon, J. R. Lloyd, J. Martin, R. Milbanke, Sir emperor as might enable him to prosecute H. Mildmay, Sir W. Milner, J. Nicholls, D. his military operations with vigour and North, w. Northey, H. Peters, W. Plumer, G. effect at an early period. Porter, Sir W. Pulteney, Sir J. Pulteney, H. This message was taken into confide. Purse, Hon. G. Rawdon, J. Richardson, Lord J. sation by the house on the 19th of DeRussel, Lord W. Russell, St. Andrew St. John, cember, when Mr. Pitt moved the ad. S. E. Scudamore, R. B. Sheridan, G. Shum, Sit- drcis. This brought forward a long dewell Sitwell. Lord R. Spencer, Lord Stanley, C. bate, in which the ministerial side of the J. Townshend, Hon. H Tuftun, Hon. j. Tuto house went

over their old ground of arton, Sir F. F. Vanc, R. Vyner, 's. Whitbread, gument in favour of remitting money to

Walwyn, C. c. Western. -Tellers, Alder. the emperor, and enumerating the ad. nian Combe, W. Smith.

vantages which had already been derived

from that mcasure. On the 16th of December general Fitz

Mr. Fox, on this occasion, wished to patrick, in a pathetic speech of consider; know what there was in the address that abie length, described the sufferings and could limit the issue of the money to be imprisonment of. M. de la Fayette, in one sent to the emperor, or by what means the of the emperor's dungeons in Bohemia; house could know whether the money and also the severity imposed upon his had not been already iffued? His prin. wife, daughters, and companions. In or. der to procure the releale of this unfor: pal objection was, that the address tended

to carry on the farce and the delusion, tunate inan, the general moved, “ That an humble ad efs be presented to his ma house had nor any thing to do with the

and to propagate an opinion, that the jesty, representing that the detention of M. controul or the appropriation of the sums de la Fayette, and his fellow.lufferers, in that were voted. the prisons of the emperor, is injurious to

The address was carried without a the character of the allies; and to the in

division. terests of humanity; and intreating his

The same day, in a committee of sup. majesty to take such measures for procur- ply, Mr. Pitt moved, that a sum, not ing their release, as to his royal wisdom exceeding 500,000l. fnould be granted to may seem fit.” This motion brought a long debate, in time to his imperial majesty, &c, and the

his majetty, to be remitted from time to the course of which Mr. Pitt declared motion was agreed to. that the imprisonment of that unfortu

Mr. Dundas, on the 20th of Decemnate gentleman was not influenced, di. ber, moved," that as long as the Cape of rectly or indirectly, by the government of Good Hope Thould be in his majettys this country; nor did he see how we could interfere with the domestic police be allowed to make reguletions respect

poffeffion, his majesty, in council, should of another power:

ing the commerce to and from that The oblervations made by Mr. place.” It was not his majelly's intenWYNDHAM, on this occasion, implied tion, he said, to hold that place upon what Mr. Pitt had apparently en- strict colonial laws, nor that thips of other deavoured to conceal, that the imprison- nations should be precluded from tcuch, ment of La Fayette was in consequence ing there, nor that they thould be preof the part he had taken in the American cluded from the sale and barter of the as well as the French revolution ; and produce of their respective countries, certainly went to overturn, virtually, Mr. The motion having been agreed to, Mr, Pitt's argument against the propriety DUNDAS moved for leave to bring in a of one nation interfering in the domestic bill, to enable his majesty to make regula. concerns of another-Since La Fayette tions, for a limited time, for the trade to was now punilhed by the emperor for and from the Cape of Good Hope.


Public Affairs.-France.

905 Mr. Dundas next rose to open the The Austrian general, Petrasch, had East India budget, which he performed taken post between the sources of the in a long and detailed account of the state Necker

and the Danube, by which he of the company's finances.

more effectually covered the passes of the On the 20th of December, the com- Black Forest, and his parties incessantly mittee of the house of commons upon the harrassed the rear of the French. Presica Southwark election, decided upon the in this manner, general Moreau pere petition of Mr. TJERNE Y against Mr. ceived the extreme danger to which his THELLUSSON's eligibility to become a farther retreat was exposed, and he rerepresentative in parliament for that bo. solved to risk a general action. rough, after he had been found guilty of Early on the 2d of October, the left corruption by a former committee ; and wing of his army crossed the Danube ac. the chairman declared, that GEORGE Reidlingen, and repassing it at MurWOOD FORD THELLUSSON, esq. was durkingen, turned and defeated the corps not eligible at the last elcétion to serve which La. Tour had posted betwixt the in parliament for the Borough of South- Feder See and the river. As soon as ne wark.

was assured of the success of his left wing. Thus the committee has ascertained he advanced to attack general La Tour and established this great constitutional in front, and the action was maintained. point, « That any member having been during fix hours with the utmost obor convicted of treating after the teste of Itinacy. At length general La Tour, ahe writ, is ineligible."

perceiving that his left flank was totally FRANCE,

uncovered, and that his rear was menaced. In our account of the public affairs of by the progress of the French, wasFrance, in October last, we left the obliged to abandon his ground, and reFrench general Moreau surrounded with tire behind the Rothambach. His redangers and difficulties ; he has, how. treat was covered by the corps of Condé,.. ever, since effected a retreat, which, in The success of the French on this oc-. the judgment of military men, is con-, casion was very brilliant ; though a rekidered as one of the most splendid ex. treating army, they took more than five ploits of the present war.

thousand of their purfuers, and twenty The Austrians, by several movements, pieces of cannon. General Moreau have the 27th, 28th, and 29th of September, ing thus far succeeded in his design, remade themselves masters of the highest commenced his m3 ch on the 5th of parts of the mountains of the Black October, by the route of Stockach. One Forest where the Danube takes its rise, the 6th, two divisions of his army passed as well as those rivulets which, running the Danube, and on the 8th, he fixed westward to the Rhine, form the only his head quarters at Stockach. wasses whereby an army can descend from After securing the passages over the these mountains to the Ptisgau. General Rhine, the general himself arrived at Moreau had now no other alternative Strasburg on the 16th of October ; buc... chan either to attack the Austrians in he soon after rejoined his army at Friorder to gain the Val-d'Enfers, which burg, and on the 18th, he had' his head descends into the Brisgau by the town of quarters at Furg. Fribourg, or to make his retrcat by the Brilliant as this retreat was, the ace, forest towns and the territory of Swiller- , tivity of the Austrians was not lets conland; and finding himself at the same spicuous. As the French general evinced time closely pursued by general La Tour, fome difpofitions to retain his position on he determined, by a vigorous attack, to the right side of the Rhine, he was atendeavour to give the latter a.check, and, tacked by the forces under the archduke by this means, gain time fufficient to on the 24th of O&tober, in the formidable effect his retreat, without any very con- position of Schlingen, and sustained con. siderable lofs. On the 30th of Septem- fiderable loss. He retired after this ace: ber, therefore, he attacked the forces tion towards the Tête-de-pont near Hu. under general La Tour, in the neigh- ningen, and on the 26th, retreated across bourhood of Steinhausen ;: an. obstinate the Rhine at that place. engagement ensued, in which the French After general Moreau had effected were repulsed, not, however, without this famous retreat, the Austrians laida much lots on the other side ; in par. ficge to the fort of Kehl. On the morna : ticular, a detachment of the prince of ing of the 22d of November, the French Cuadé's corps suffered.greatly.

garrison made a vigorous fortie, to re


connoitre thc line of circumvallation of 'horting his troops to recoflect, that they the Austrians. The whole line of the were the same who had carried the besiegers was forced, without a shot being bridge of Lodi; he perceived a moment fired, and with the greatest bravery. of enthusiasm, and withing to profit from The Auftrians abandoned all their artil. it, he threw himself off his horse, seized lery, which was instantly spiked; the a standard, darted at the head of the greFrench carried off ren pieces of cannon, nadiers, and ran to the bridge; exclaimand fix or seven hundred prisoners, ing; follow your general. The column was zmong whom were thirty officers. Since thakeri for a moment; the troops, however, this action, the Austrians have been again were only thirty, paces from the bridges defeated in an attempt to storm the fort. when the terrible fire of the Austrians

In the statement refcrred to above; reached the column, and caused it to fall we left general Wurmler, and nearly all back at the moment even when their anhis forces, in Mantua ; but not fo closely tagonists were about to fly. It was in invested by the French as to prevent him this moment that feveral of the French from making several successful sorties. generals were killed or wounded. His perilous situation, however, and a The commander in chief, and his étathope to regain their loft territories in major, were at length overwhelmed; the Italy, induced the court of Vienna to general himself was thrown with his fend large reinforcements, under the com- horse into a marsh, from whence, under mand of general Alvinzy, to relieve ge. the fire of the enemy, he escaped with neral Wurmser. On the 6th of Novemé difficulty ; ke mounted his horfe again, ber, as gerieral Alvinzy was on the point the coluinn rallied, and the Austrians of pulhing forward his advanced guard, dared not to quit their trenches. general Buonaparte, who had marched in Night came on, when general Guieux the night, commenced a mott_fevere at- arrived at the village of Arcola, which tack upon his whole line. The action lie took, with a great number of prisonbegan with general Proverra's corps, ers. and night put an end to the affair, with. On the rext morning, the Austrians out either party having gained or lost any attacked the French at all points, but ground'; hut on the next morning, the were repulsed by general Maffena's coFrench general withdrew his forces to lumns with great loss. On the oth of another position. General Davidovitch November, the contending armies fought had in the mean time made himself again with great obstinacy; and the vicmaster of Trente.

tory on the part of the French on that The Austrian and French accounts of day was, according to their accounts, this action on the Brenta, differ materially complete. The Austrians abandoned all as to each other's lots, and each afligns their positions, and retreated in the night the victory to their own party.

to Vicenza. In these different engageSoon after this battle, general Alvinzy ments, the Austrians lost, in killed and formed a junction with the columns of wounded, ten thousand men, the French the Tyrol, and found himself at the head had a considerable number killed, but of 40,000 men.

their loss in prisoners was much less ; On the 15th of November, Buonaparte they had seven generals wounded, two advanced near to the village of Arcola, to mortally. attack the Austrians. It was necessary It is necessary to observe in this place, to pass a bridge in possession of the that the Austrians, in their account of enemy, from which they kept up a ter. these engagements, admit, in express rible fire; the French troops proceeded terms, the severity of the conflicts, but several times to the charge to carry this contend for the victory. bridge ; but not having, in the first in- The French republic and his majesty Itance, evinced the fame audacity, as ar the king of the Two Sicilies, have, the bridge of Lodi, they were repulsed in through their plenipotentiaries, agreed their reiterated attempts ; and general to articles of peace, which were signed at Angereau, with the colours in his hand, Paris, on the roth of October, 1796. advanced in vain at the head of a column The substance of these articles is, to force Arcola. It being, however, of “ That neither of the two powers shall the last importance to obtain poffeffion furnish to the enemies of the other any of that place, general Buonaparte pro. ficcours of troops, ships, arms, ftores, ceeded, with all his état-major, at the men, or money. That his majesty of head of Angereau's division ; after ex- the Two Sici.ies shall observe the most



« SebelumnyaLanjutkan »