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STEEDMAN'S THRESHING MACHINE, performed by 12, 14, or 16 men, in the ON the 31st of October, letter: patent present mode of threshing, The quan
were granted to Mr. JOHN STEED- tity of business performed varies with MAN, of Toft-farın, in the parith of the species of grain. The machine has Tientham, in the county of Stafford, for hitherto been used to the greatest ad. his invention of a machine for threshing vantage upon oats. Its price will be corn, which promises to save much ma
abour 45l. nual labour, and more effectually separate PEPPER'S OVENS, OR KILNS. the grain from the straw.
Leiters patent have been granted to The machine may be worked either Mr. John PEPPER, architect, of Newby horses, wind, water, or steam. That castle-under-Line, for his invention of an construction of it, described by the pa- oven for the burning or firing of china, tentee in the specification, is intended to porcelain, carthen-ware, bricks, tiles, he worked by horfes.
&c. and for the fusion of ores, &c. By It consists of a horse wheel of 120 cogs, this invention, the patentee asserts, that worked by two levers in a circumference there will be considerable saving of fuel, of 18 feet. Connected with the horse and a more regular, equable, and proporwheel is a tumbling Jhafl, which is work. tionate degree of heat applied in every ed by 20 cogs, affixed to that end of it fituation of the atmosphere, and in every which adjoins the horse wheel. At the circumstance required, than can be ob. *other extremity of the tumbling shạft, is tained in ovens or kilns made in the usual a spur wheel of 72 cogs.
Connected way: with the spur wheel, and turned by it, is The principle of the invention consists a horizontal shaft called the fail barret. in such a compound or circuitous course At one end of the flail barrel are affixed 20 of the fucs or fire bags, as to occasion the cogs, which work in the fpur wheel, and course of the fiame, or combustible matter, along and upon the surface of the barrel to pass three times through the interior itself are morticed 10 or 12. fails. Thé of the oven. This is effected by turning fails are made of wood with iron joints, or the flue, after it has ascended to the upper the friking parts may be wholly of iron. part of the oven, down again nearly to
In order to apply the straw, that it the level of the fire, where it enters the may meet with the strokes of the flail, central fue, which communicates with the produced by the turning of the flail bar- atmosphere. So that the fame, or course rel, it is placed on a circular and moving of heat, first ascends, then descends, and foor, which is situated about two feet and afterwards ascends again; it consequently a half above the level of the ground floor. passes three times through the oven. This floor is put into circular moiion by a These ovens may be made in any form, band, which is connected, by means of round, square, or octagonal; and the two pullies, with the tumbling shaft, and number of fire places, in their circumthereby turns the floor one revolution in ference, may be varied at pleasure. Re. about 30 seconds. The floor is composed gifters are provided for the admission of of planks, which, not being closely unit- air into the fues, and others for regulated, permit the corn to run between them ing the escape of the heat from the cene upou the ground floor.
tral Aves. As the course of the flame The motion is not so great but that the passes through so long a circuit, the heat straw is easily changed, as soon as the is almost wholly exhausted within the grain is feparated, without stopping the oven, and little of it escapes from the machine. To prevent the straw from central flue, as there does in ovens or falling off the foor by the action of the kihis constructed with single, firaight, and Hails, a si mi-cylindrical cop is app ied, at a perpendicular Hues. convenient distance, round the fail bar. The specification, as filed in the Petty rel.
Bag Office, is accompanied by fix drawBy this machine, which promises to be ings, which completely illustrate every a great acquisition to the agricultural part of the above description; and also, art, two horses, one boy, and two men, some other particulars which cannot be may perform business equal to what is perspicuously described without their aid.
of the tun.
1796.] New Patents, &c.-Original Anecd.tes. JORDAN'S SUSPENDED BRIDGES. for his invention of a machine for malh.
The year 1794 having proved very de- ing or mixing of malt, &c. by means of structive to bridges, many ingenious men horses, wind, steam, or water, instead of have since brought forward plans, with a manual labour. view to prevent the effects of severe The machine is put in motion, in the frosts, succeeded by rapid thaws. Letters mash tun, by an horizontal shaft, which patent have been granted to Mr. JAMES communicates with the horse wheel, or JORDAN, of Oakhill, near Shepron Mal- other power. let, for his invention of a mode of con- It consists, i, of an upright paft fixed fructing bridges, which unites fimplicity, in the centre of the math tun, which is cheapness, durability, and an easy mole turned on its axis by cogs that work in the of erection, in situations where, to build horizontal shaft above-mentioned. other bridges might be found difficult, if 2, Of two horizontal shafts within not impracticable.
tun, which extend from the central The great cause of damage having hi- or upright shaft towards the periphery therto arisen from piers which are continu
One of these shafts is situatally weakened and impaired by the action ed near to the bottom of the tun, and of the water, and of sheets of ice, foods, the other is situated level with the top of &c. the present patentee, to avoid theft, the tun. These two horizontal shafts are in some cases entirely, and in others par- turned on their axes by cog wheels, which tially, proposes to derive his support from are asfixed on the central upright shaft, above, and not from below as in the usual and on that extremity of them which way. His plan is, to place trvo parallel adjoins the central shaft. elliptic curves across the intended site, 3, Over the two horizontal shafts formed of cast or wrought iron, or wood, work endless ropes or chains in any requirand springing from sufficient abutments. ed numbers, which are regulated in their He then proposes to attach the bridge to motion by arms or crosses affixed to the these curves, by means of wrougbi iron shafts. fufpending bars, at any height from the 4, To the endless ropes or chains water that may be required.
are affixed, horizontally, any number of The patentee conceives, that many rakes, or combs, made of iron or wood; rivers may be spanned at once. In cases, which rakes necessarily ascend or descend however, wherein, from the great breadth by the working of the chains over the of the river, one span would be hazard- hafts. By the alternate ascent and deous, he proposes, that a continuity of scent of these rakes or combs, the intercurves, or arches, may be erected upon tine operation or mixture is performed. intermediate piers. On navigable ri- 5, To give to the whole the cirvers, a draw-bridge may be made in the cuitous motion round the math tun centre of the suspended one.
which is necessary, there is affixed to The bridge of one span, and that of the extremity of the upper thafi, a cog several spans, have, in the drawing, an wheel, which works within a frame, that appearance beautifully picturesque. The moves and is supported on the edge of road over them, as suspended by the cast the math tun. iron curves, forms a sort of chord to the 6, In this frame is also affixed a curve line, and they possess this very small upright fhufi. On the upper end peculiar utility, that they are perfectly of this ihaft is a contrate wheel of various ftraight and Aat, and have no rise or sized cogs, which is turned by the cog: crown, as in bridges of the present con- wheel (art. 5.) On its lower end is a ftruction.
cog wheel, which works in cogs that exCooper's MASHING MACHINE. tend entirely round the edge of the math On the gth of September, letters pa- tun. This last motion effects the revotent were obtained by Mr. Thomas lution of the whole machine through all Cooper, Engineer, Old-street, London, 'the parts of the malt and liquor.
ORIGINAL ANECDOTES AND REMAINS
OF EMINENT PERSONS. GENERAL DAMPIERRE, had been handed down to him by a long A
FRIEND to equality, though in possef- series of ancestors. He prayed for the re
fion of a large fortune ; and a deter. volution, while the old goveroment was mined republican, though the title of count yet in the plenitude of its power; and hail. MONTHLY MAG. No. XI.
ed it when it came and swept away the There was fomething uncommon in the privileges and the distinctions he enjoy- composition of Dampierre's body and mind. ed. Two or three years before the convo. His complexion was saturnine; his difpocation of the States General, he was cap- ftion sanguine in the extreme: he was tain in the regiment of Chartres, of which corpulent and heavy in his person; in his M. de Valence was major. At that time manner and conversation he was more the mouth of the Bastille was always open lively even than Frenchmen generaliy are, to receive the perfons of rank who opened though subject at the same time to mental their's too freely; bur, in spite of its ter- abfences, which, even in a thoughtful rors, and of the remonftrances of their Engliihman, would have appeared ridicubrother officers, both Dampierre and the lous and firange. Major were loud in the praise of freedom, His principles of liberty he drew from and liberal of invective against the abuses England, and English books; and spoke of government, not only at the regimen- and wrote our language with tolerable tal mess, “but in companics more public ease. ftill.
Dampierre's fate ought to excite no reThe emigration that took place at an gret in the boscms of his friends. He died early pait of the revolution, ensured a ra- the death of a soldier. Had he lived to pid promotion to every friend of freedom, - see the reign of Robespierre, the first reand to every man of talent, who stood fast verse of fortune he might have met with, by his colours. Dampierre, accordingly, auded to the original sin of noble birth, foon rose to ihe rank of major-general would, no doubt, have conveyed him, like (maréchal de camp) and in that quality a felon, to the fcaffold. commanded the vanguard of Dumourier's
Borssy D'ANGLAS. army, at the battle of Gemappe. The The representative, Boissy D'ANGLAS, attack of the village of that name fell to was of the order of the ci-devant noblesse, his hare ; and there it was that the action and voted uniformly with that patriotic was the most desperate and destructive. By minority of the nobles, which acted in the boldnefs of his attack, and by the cool- union and concert with the tiers-état. His ness with which bre formed his battalions reputation began to rife confiderably, of national guards, under a most furious about the time when the first national afand steady fire from the veteran legions of fembly was verging to its clofe, in conicAustria, he acquired the praise of cou- quence of his eloquent and spirited obserrage, and of military skill-a praise he tions on CALONNE's work, “ On the prelays claim to, in his printed Relation of the sent and future State of France," and his Conduet of tbe Vanguard, with a frank- mafterly Reply to a Publication of the ceness, which would be vanity in any one lebrated RAYNAL. but a Frenchman. " How much I wished Under the government of Robespierre you there,” says he, apostrophising Sirven, and Danton, Boissy D'ANGŁAs made no his master of tacties, to witness the re- very prominent figure, being thrown, as it gularity and precifion with which I re- were, into the back-ground of the tableau. duced
columns, and formed my line, Ever since the 9th of Thermidor, how. in the presence of the enemy:
ever, he has had occasion to act grand and Unseduced by the example of his old important parts. His political and ecocomrade, Valence, who joined Dumourier nomical Reports, presented, at intervals to in his attempt to march 10 Paris, and in the Convention, in the name of the Comhis subseqnent fight, Dampierre adhered mittee of Public Safety, display unusual firmly to the principles he profefied; did vigour and boldness of conception, comnot despair of the republic; and exerted bined with a superior elegance of manyer: himself in restoring order and confidence his sentiments on the expediency or into the army, with a zeal an 1 diligence that expediency of resturing the Belgic Prodeserved, and obtained the chief com- vinces to the House of Austria, unfold the mand. He did not enjoy it long. At the deepest political views. battle, or rather at the retreat of Fa- He is generally reputed to be the prime mars, he adventured so near to the ene- mover and author of the existing constitumy, for the purpose of reconnoitring, that tion of 1795, insomuch that the Jacobins, he was marked out as a distinguished per- who are bigotedly attached to the constifonage by the English gunners, and was tution of 1793, do not scruple to style struck with a cannon fhot
, which carried that of 2795--the Patrician Conftitution of away his thigh. He survived it but a few d’ANGLAS. hours, and breathed his last nigh in wilhes
For some time, a report was very curfor the safety of the republic.
rent at Paris, that Boissy, in the Com5
2 796.] Original Anecdotes.-Boily do Anglas ... Lefebvre, &c. 88 mittee of Legislation, had expressed an the service, and pined away the latter opinion favourable to the appointment part of a milerable existence (had death, of a perpetual President of the Executive famine, and fatigue spared him so long) Directory:- This circumstance rendered in a jail or an hoipital. him for a time unpopular, drew on him In consequence of a 'revolution, wonderthe suspicion of being a secret Royalist, and ful in all its parts, the quondam drill-fereven occasioned his being denounced in a jeant has distinguished himself confidegeneral committee.
rably, more especially on the late pallage of In 1794, Boissy published a work, great- the Rhine. The man, who made himself ly admired for its beauty and energy, un- a general, was opposed by a prince, who der the modest title of Certain Ideas was born one! His Highness * had learnon the Arts.” The following passage may ed to dance, and, unfortunately for him, serve, in fome degree, to throw light on is said to have been actually practising a the philosophical system planned and adopt. pas de deux, at a bail, the very moment ed in his mind :-" We should be enligh. that Lefebvre was beating up his quarters 1 tened with regard to the extent of our du
The Aulic council of war would have ties, our power, our means ; let us calcu- instantly broken an untitled subaltern, and late the quantum of our strength and chained him, perhaps, like poor Trenck, riches, and then consider the end which in a dungeon, 10 feet by 6; but exalted we ought to have in view. Let us still rank, and high blood, must be dealt difkeep in mind, that it is not a new people that ferently with: his serenity, therefore, has we are called to organize that it is not a a jocular kind of puniinment assigned him; few tribes dispersed here and there over for being known to be attached to the uncultivated regions, without opulence, Pyrrick ineature of the ancients, he has industry, luxury, great cities, anú gicat been ordered, if we are to credit the foestablishments but that is an oid nation, reign journals, to dance all the way to whose regeneration we are ambitious to
Vienna ! operate.--It is a mass of active and en
TREILLARD lightened individuals, to whom indultry Was bred to the bar, and practised with has become a want, iuxury a natural pals some degree of reputation, in the ancient sion, and knowledge a necessity.--It is a
He soon found, however, that people prompted by their sublime and ar
the dent genius, to maintain the first rank “ VERA LEX, RECTA RATIO, NATURÆ among polished focieties ; a people living CONGRUENS," on the moft fertile territory in Europe, of Cicero, was not known' there. Money, possetsing extenfive colonies and commer
patronage, beautiful women, the proteccial establishments in Asia, Africa, and tion of Versailles, were all played off beAmerica.
fore the parliament of Paris, and those of “ It is our duty, therefore, to organize the provinces, against a good cause, when for such a people, not the means of pover- accompanied by poverty. Procrastination, ty, but plenty-not to infruct them in the in the tirst instance, and too frequently inthings they ought to part witi, but to thow justice in the latt, ensued; and these conthem what, and in wbat manner, they are fequences inevitably led to another, in the TO ENJOY.”
shape of disaffection, which, when arrived Boissy d'Anglas is in the 36th year difpofing causes to produce in that, as it
at a certain height, became one of the preof his age.
will finally in all countries, a revolution. GENERAL LEFEBVRE
Treillard, like many others, suffered Is represented by his enemies, with the himself to be carried away with the ftream, crime of having been born in a cottage. and on the last anniversary of the execuGod knows that this must have been in. tion of Louis XVI, administered, as prevoluntary, at least, on his part! But; in fident of the legislative body, the oath, for imitation of Marius, when the Ronan the perpetual exclusion of royalty from nóbility boafted of the statues of their an- France, and its utter abhorrence there. cestors, he too may open his bosom, and
The following stanza has been loudly exhibit his honeft scars, by way of a reply. censured, both by the emigrants, and the
Destined for the army, Lefebvre role to zealots of kingly power: a ballert, and would have stopped for ever, at this point in the muster-roli, under the
Jurons, le glaive en main jurons à la patrie, ancient order of things': without either De conserver toujours l'égalité chérie, patronage, friends, family, or title; without any thing bur talents to back his pre
* The young prince de W. a general in the Lensions, he would have been worn out in Imperial army.
5 U 2
De vivre & d'eléprer pour elle, & pour nos lating to the abolition of tythes, however, droits,
he constantly voted with the minority, as De venger l'univers opprimé par les rois.”
considering the institution to be of divine On their try'd swords, a conqu’ring people original. swear,
His philanthropy was distinguished by The rights of equal order to revere;
his fervid and eloquent speeches and moT'enjoy, and hope the blessings freedom brings, tions in favour of the emancipation of the And vindicate mankind, oppress’d by kings. African flaves, and, generally, by the
The same thing was actually said and active part which he took in all the strugdone in this country, during the last cen- gles of the legislative body on that head. tury, when, after the execution of Charles His talents also appeared to advantage, 1, his statues were pulled down, and the on another extraordinary occasion. The following inscription placed on the pe- reform introduced into the civil conftitudertal:
tion of the French church, being disrelih" EXIT TYRANNUS, REGUM ULTIMUS!" ed by many of the clergy, these refracioAnd yet, there was not a prince in all ries began to folicit the church of Rome to Europe, zuho owned bis feelings to be burt dispatch a monitory, prohibiting all atby the pointed declamation of our ancestors, tempts on their order ;-then it was that against the kingly office; nor did a single M. GREGOIRE published his elegant and sword “ leap out of its scabbard" to vindi- beautiful brochure, entitled, “ A Preservacate regal dignity!
tive against Schism.” Whatever success GREGOIRE,
this work met with among his own counThe constitutional bithup of Blois, is cele. trymen, its reception was not fo favourbrated for his various and profound litera- able in foine of the states of Italy: at fure, and the urbanity of his manners: he Naples, where an everlasting jarring of is, in brief, allowed to be one of the most interests fubfifts between the civil and accomplished men that fit in the circie of priestly authorities, and at Rome, where French legislators.
the slightest appearance of innovation, in The first notices of him are traced to a matters pertaining to ecclefiaftical discipvillage, near Nanci, in Lorrain, in which line, is looked upon as Atheism. he was the curé; and where, in spite of the The translation of his work at Rome, obscurity of his station, the fame of his gave rise to the publication of another culearning and probity had already procured rious and pleasant tract, entitled, “A him an uncommon respect, and extensive Question, W bether a Jansenisi be not a Japublicity of character.
cobin ?" At the time of the convocation of the In the first fitting of the National ConEtats Généraux, in 1789, GREGOIRE vention, Sept. 2ilt, 1792, GREGOIRE could not remain longer in retirement; concurred in the vote (on the motion of his talents and the public favour obtained COLLOT D'HERBOIs) for the abolition of for him a place in that august and honour- royalty in France. At a subsequent fitable assembly. Since his début on the ting, Nov. 6th, 1793, when Gobet, constage of public life, he has ever displayed ftitutional bishop of Paris, attended by his the greatest moderation and uniformity of vicar general, renounced his clerical funccharacter--ever deported himself as an or- tion at the bar of the convention (under nament of his order-ever been considered the notion of appe ng to the worship of as an honour to his country. His rare ta- reason alone) GREGOIRE, in a declamalents, incorruptible integrity, disinterested tion full of zeal, asserted his Christianity, patriotism, and found piery, have ever and scrupulous adherence to the faith of Thone in the full blaze of meridian glory. his forefathers.
He also concurred with those virtuous The representatives fent on mission to clergymen in the fitting of the Etats Gé- the armies and departments of France, néraux, who united themselves with the have (it is well known) been generally
Tiers Eta', in opposition to the design of guilty of great outrages, and have incurallotting feparate chambers for the two fu. red, in confequence, a great degree of po
pular odium. GREGOIRE, however, in In the first National Assembly he ap- every department which he has visited, peared as a champion for the rights of the has conducted himself in such a manner, people, against the excessive authority ex- as to carry back with him the highest graercised by the church; and is thought to tulations of his fellow citizens, haye contributed more than any other man The inhabitants of Savoy, and of all to the reformation of clerical abuses which the districts conquered from the King of afterwards took place :--in the article rcSARDINIA, were remarkably averse to an