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The Writings of Dr. Arne.

847 Maelgon, Lycelyn, Iorwerth, Davyz, Gad. One of these pieces must be considered wallon, Hywel, Cadell, Madoc, Einion, and of great importance and curiosity : it is Philip; the daughters were Güvenlliant, an invocation, as if he were undergoing and Ang burad.

the fiery ordeal, to exonerate himteit of these, Rodri, Hywel, Davyz, and from having any knowledge of the fate Madoc, were the most distinguished in of Macinc : the Second, being a panegyric history. Hywel was a fine poet, as ap- upon Rolri, another brother, has a repears by his compofitions, of which there markable allusion to the same event; and are eight preserved. His muse seems to also, to the fate of Huzuch. The passage have been principally devoted to the fair runs thus : sex. His mother was a native of Ire.

Dau deyın terwyn dvdòres yn land ; and, though not born in wedlock,

Lu daiar a'u hofes ! he was the first who aspired to the throne,

Un ar dir, ar dorvoz órydres, after the death of Owain; which event Yn Arvon yn arwar traçwres ; no socner took place, but his brother Da- Ac arall, myrawg, yn mynwes mawr-yor, vyz became his competitor, under the Yn mawr var anghymmes, fanction of a legitimate birth. The con- Yn e guraw hawi hawz adnes; Jequence was, that the country became Yn elgar i bawb am Leues. embroiled in a civil war ; which, however, tcrminated, before the conclusion of the same year, by the death of Hyrcel. Two princes, or firong passions, broke off in

wrath; beloved by the multitude of the The battle where this happened, was

earth. One on land, in anion, allaying of fought in Arvon, a district comprehend- ambition ; and another, a placid one, on the ing the level country about Caernarvon, bofom of the vait ocean, in great and immea. between Snowdon and the sca, in the an- furable trouble, prowling after a potletlion easy cient division of the country. But the to be guarded; estranged from all for a counexact spot where the action took place, try. cannot, I believe, be pointed out; though This article has run too long to admit there are several remains of military of any thing more being now said upon works in that part of Caernarvon-- the subject. I Mall therefore conclude. thire.

Your's, &c. Influenced by disgust at the unnatural Dec. 8, 1796.

MEIRION. dissenfions among his brothers, Muloc, who is represented of a very mild dif

To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. pofition, resolved upon the matchless enterprise of exploring the ocean weitwrard, in search of more tranquil scenes. The

IN the last Number but one of your event was, according to various cld do- Magazine we were favoured by one of cuments, the discovering of a new w.rld; your musical correspondents with some from which he eilteted his return, to in- account of the Life and Genius of Dr. form his country of his good fortune. Arne. In this biographical sketch, x. The consequence of which

was, the fits affirms, that Dr. Arne was the “first ting out of a second expedition ; and musician who plaed our chum io barmonic Madoc, with his brother Ririd, lord of excellence on a level with the Italians." Clogran in Ireland, prevailed upon fo ma- From what I have seen, however, of the ny to accompany them, as to fill seven Doctor's works, I confefs I have not thips; and, iailing frum the ille of Lun- formed of them so elevated an opinion as dị, they took an eternal leave of Wales. your biographer. There is a large book of pedigrees still Good composition I am fond of, and extant, written by Jeran Breçvo, who would, confequen:ly, thank him to point fourished in the age preceding the time out thole pieces which he ranks equal to of Columbus, wherein the above event is the productions of the Italian nasters. thus noticed, in treating of the genealogy I am far from being prepossessed against of Owoin Gwynex : " Madoc à Kired a the genius of my own countrymen, but gawsant dir yn mpell yn y Merweryz, ?c I have always conceived the Italian com. yno y cyvannezasant.Madoc and Riryd 'polers to possess more taste and originafoundland far in the sea of the weit, lity than any, which our own country and there they settled. Lywarç, the son could boast of. of 'Lywelyn, commonly called Pryd's y It is stated by X. that Comus was Móc, seems to have composed two of his the production which fixed the basis of poems, in the time between the first and Arne's profeffional fame, and that the the second of the two voyages of Madoc, music is as inimitable as the poetry, and



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will serve to unite the names of Milton that in strong clayey foils, when its effects and Arne so long as harmony is culti- are more advantageous than could be acvated.” This opera, I confess, I never counted for by its mere feptic power, its heard ; but upon referring to it, I find uiefulness confifts in decomposing alum, the very first song, “ Now Phæbus finketh and letting ar liberty a certain quantity of in the uth,” to be a most fagrant pla- fixed air. giarism from Handel; the subject, note This latter theory appears to me elle for note, corresponding to Goril, ever- tirely groundless. Smiling Liberty; and the song

“ All clay,” your correspondent obbeds of fading flowers" is evidently taken serves,

a very considerable from Pergolesi's “ Santa Mater.'

quantity of alum. When lime is applied to Of the Opera, in general, nothing is a clavey foil, it decomposes the aluminous left to admire but the Recitative, “ How mixture in the clay, as the vitriolic acid gentle was my Damon's air." This is has a stronger attraction for the calcarepeculiarly sweet and expressive, and the ous earth than for the earth of alum. melody which follows is not less beauti- . The liberation of fixed air, while the fully pathetic. That Arne has made 'lime is uniting with the acid, is favourclofe imitations of the Italian music, will able to vegetation.” immediately appear on comparing his It is a mittake that all clay contains fine fong “ The Soldier tir’d,” with the alum. The combination of sulphuric Italian song « Vo folcando.

acid with argil, which constitutes alum, Your biographer farther remarks, that is seldom found ready fornied by nature. “The feature of nature is prominent in all It is almost entirely an artificial produchis airs ; never affe&ted, never pedantic, tion, and is obtained hy roasting aluminnever vacant; they are as remarkable for ous ores which consist of clay combined the juftness of their expression as for with sulphur. So far from all clays contheir beautiful fimplicity.

taining alum, very few of them contain In answer to this assertion, I call to his even aluminous ore: and even those that mind the low and vulgar Gavot, which are combined with fulphur, contain no follows the sublime Largetio in the over- alum till the sulphur is converted into ture of Artaxerxes, and would refer him fulphuric acid by combustion. also to the coliection of songs in " Lyric But even supposing for a moment that Harmony," which, I presume, he cannot alum does exist in all clay, and is decomhave seen, as they are, perhaps, scarcely poled by lime, whence arises the fixed to be equalled for vacancy and dullnets. air on which so much stress is laid? Every

I will mention a piece of the Doctor's one knows that lime contains no fixed. which his biographer did not enumerate : air ; that the very formation of lime conthat well-known fong “ Rule Britannia.sists in cxpelling óxed air from calcareous This piece will probably serve to bear up earth by means of heat. his name when the music of Comus shall Norwich, Dec. 4, 1796. J.P. be forgotten. I am ready to allow, that Dr. Arne deferves a diftinguithed place in the Republic of Harmony, but not To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. the exalted one which your musical friend

SIR, has alligned to him.

I am, fir, your's, &c. YOUR Readers are much indebted to Leicester, Dec. 5, 1796.


the liberal spirit which pervades your

Magazine, and which has induced you to To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine.

present them with the important proceed

ings of the public inftitutions in France. SIK,

Perhaps an useful discovery in the pracYOUR correspondent, T. (Number 1II, tice of physic will not have the less cre

p. 186) after stating the well-known dit with you as coming from a man who fact, that lime is a useful manure in cer- probably differs from you in political sentain cases, endeavours to account for its timents. The discovery, to which ! usefulness in two ways. In the first place, would call the attention of your medical taking for granted the truth of Sir John readers, is a new fobrifuge. Priugle's theory, that lime is of a leptic ZANNETTINI, physician to the French nature, he supposes it to act usefully by army in Italy, has addressed a letter to the promoting the putrefaction of dead ve- inspectors-general of health to the regetable lubriances which it may meet publican armies, in which, after characwith in the earth. In the second place, ierizing the double-tertian fever, which




1796.] Writings of Collins. . . Latin Phrafes. he names the pernicious, he mentions the its priests, and despises that of its philo. effects of a new and very simple remedy, Tophers. the firvers and seeds of the ullir Nettle.

Nov.9, 1796. He gave them in substance, infused in wine, in tertians, quartans, and the pernicions fever, with the same precautions, To the Eltor of the Montbly Magazine. and in the fame manner, as the Peruvian SAR, bark. This remedy proves considerably IT is a practi e with me to read over as heating, and, in an over-dose, is apt to much of your entertaining and instrucproduce a kind of lethargic sleep. The tive Miscellany as appears to me suited to extreme dose that he recommends is the capacities of my wife and daughters. a drachm, two or three times in the We are a domestic family, and the first twenty-four hours. It seems to be parti- evening of the month is constantly taken cularly useful in raising the patient from up with reading, on my part, and workthat state of langour and debility which ing on the part of the women.

i ikip is characteristic of the pernicious fever; over, as you may imagine, all the hard for which purpose, as well as for procu- words, but they will fometimes intrude ring an intermillion, he has found it much thenifelves, and every one has a right to preferable to the bark. He also recom- interrupt me for an explanation. I was mends a slight infusion of it in wine, as ihus a long time before I could get an excellent preservative from the dif- through some excellent Remarks on Coneases of marshy and unwholesome fitua- versation in your last Magazine; and the tions. Your's,

next evening was surprited by a piece of Dec. 6, 1796.

OBSERVATOR. paper, which my youngest daughter put

into my hands, with this address : “Papa,

I wish you would tell the gentlemen To the Editor of the Montbly Magazine. who are so capable of amusing and in

Itructing us, that English is juit as good I reply to the enquirer, concerning as Latin, and that a story will lose no

Collins (vol. ii. p. 781) the following thing by being understood by us girls. list of his works may be inserted : As you explained the hard words to us Priestcraft in Perfection.

last night, I took it into my head to look Reflections on ditto.

out for plain English, and now, pray tell Historical and Critical Essay of the me, whether they will suit the purpose?" Thirty-nine Articles:

I took the paper, and found the hard Discourse on Freethinking.

names, with the Englith, written down Essay concerning the Use of Reason in two columns, thus : in Propofitions depending on Hu


Fendlewife. man Testimony.


Lovechild. Philofophical Inquiry concerning Hu


Sourface. man Liberty.


Lovenews Grounds and Reasons of the Christian


Old Hypo.
Religion : to which is prefixed an
Apology for Free Debate.

I was so much pleased with the thought, Scheme of Literal Prophecy con- that I told my girl, we would send the fidered.

hint to the Magazine ; for it certainly Letter to Dodwell, and Three Letters would save me much trouble, if the wri.

to Clarke---reprinted together. ters in it had a greater affection for their Letter to Rogers, and Letter printed own language, which, upon examination, in the London journal.

will be found capable of affording terms. Letter to the Archbishop ef Dublin, for alınost every purpose. If you do,

in Vindication of the Divine At- fays the, pray ask, whether it is proper to tributes.

say, “ there are a variety of things," I suspect that some other controversial for I don't like the expression. I should pamphlets are in being; but that the say, " there is a variety.” Discourse on the Miracle has never seen Now, fir, you may do what you please the light. It is certainly due to the rea- with my letter, but do not afcribe perefon and to the learning of Collins, to ness to my daughter; for the, as well as to print one complete edition of his works, her hiters, is accustomed to speak her with his life pretixed; but the English mind to me without referve, and though nation is careful only of the reputation of her thoughts may appear ftrange, they


are always innocent, and enliven our 14th chapter, comprehending, at least, the evenings at home.

23d and 3 oth verses, a passage agreeing Nov. 13, 1796.

remarkably in spirit with others liable to HEARTY.

a similar imputation. We poffefs a narrative of only forty months of peregri.

nation ; we are told in the 14th chapter, To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine.

propbetically, that it would endure forty STR,

years. THE Writer of the essay in your last 3. So far as a book may be supposed

Magazine, in defence of the talents subject to fupernatural protection, the of women, begs leave to rectify a inistake improbability of chasm or of interpolaof the Printer. The inverted commas tion must be allowed equal; but so far as to the quotation from Ilame's Elay on a book may be supposed under the guarNational Character were misplaced--the dianship of the lawgiver and his priefis, quotation beginning with the words [By interpolation is much the more probable, moral caules, I mean all circumstances for it may often be an object to lecure for which are fitted to work on the mind as a new pedigree, or a new law, the same motives of reasons] and ending with venerableness with those already fami(causes which do not appear, are to be liar ; but it can seldom be an object to considered as not exisiing.]

abolish the memory of the exertions and Dic. 12, 1796.

exploits of the hallowed fathers of their country:

Ought we not, then, in the case before For the Monthly Magazine.

us, to infer, that there is interpolation

and not chasm : since, even on the fup. CHRONOLOGICAL REMARKS ON THE polition of supernatural interposition, BOOK OF NUMBERS.

the probability of either is in itself equal : If it he admitted that the Egyptians and fince all the external circumstances

and Jews originally dated by lunar favour the latter fuppofition; and, to years of one month each ; and that this conclude, that we possess the whole narmode of reckoning was still prevalent rative of the Jewish fojourn in the wil. when many of the documents whence derness, which extends through a period the Pentateuch has been compiled were

of only forty months ? originally drawn up; but was already

If these arguments shall appear valid, conie into difufe at the time when the they will authorize our lopping 36 years Pentateuch acquired its present form from the received duration of the life of (fee vol. ii. p. 636) it will appear proba- Mofes, and our believing him to have ble, that a period of forty months thould, died at the age of $4 years. as in the case of the lives of the Patriarchs, have been afterwards taken for forty years.

To the Editor of tbe Montbly Magazine. Now this appears actually to have been SIR, the case with the time passed by the Israel- APPROVING much of your Literary ites in the Arabian wilderness, between Notices, I presume that it enters into their flight from Ægypt and their con- your plan, to give some information un quest of Canaan.

works which have been thus promised to Forty months are abundantly suf- the public. I should be obliged to you, fcient for this short journey, incumbered if by means of your widely-circulated as it was, like the wanderings of all no- Magazine, yon could inform me in what made nations, with a vast suite of cattle, state of forwardness Dr. Waring's Moral women, and artificers. It would imply Philofophy is at present. Grest part of no common ignorance of topography and it was, I understand, printed at the uniof the object of their march, to lose more veriity press of Cambridge above these than three or four years in this part of two years. Dr: Farmer, master of Emathe enterprize.

nucl college, in the same university, re2. Either there is a chasm of narrative, ceived subscriptions for the Antiquities of which the text hows no symptom, be- of Leiceser. Pray, has the book" been tween the 19th and 2 oth chapters of Num- published - I have not yet seen a copy. bers, which detailed the adventures of

Your's, more than thirty-six years of peregrina- Dec. 15, 1796

INDAGATOR. sion : or there is an interpolation in the

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India Gompany. . . . Limes To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. notwithstanding the strong objections that SIR,

have been made to it, there appears but IN the infancy of commerce, when the too much reason to suspect that it may be

defective state of navigation rendered only part of a much more extensive plan. the intercourse between diftant countries The company, at present, import indigo, more difficult and dangerous than at pre- sugar, cotton, hemp, fax, &c. and if the sent, and when the insurance of vesels principle is once established, it may be and their cargoes, by which the merchant, easy to invent some plausible reason for in a great measure, fecures himself from extending it to the preparatory branches risk, was not so generally practised, the of other manufactures. It cannot, in ekablishment of joint-stock companies, the least, be apprehended, tha: the money with exclusive privileges, was certainly to be raised by the intended increase of attended with beneficial effects, by en- the Company's capital is to be employed couraging those branches of trade which in any way besides their regular commerwould have been deemed too hazardous cial concerns ; neither can it be supposed for individuals to engage in, or required that they have at present the most remote a greater capital than our merchants in intention of spinning the cotton, or printgeneral then poffefred.

ing the callicoes they import; yet only But whatever may have been their five or six years ago, it appeared at least original utility, it has evidently been gra. equally improbable, that the Company dually declining; the accumulation of hould engage in throwing organzine: capital, and the increasing spirit of


may therefore be the intereft, as well as cantile adventure, have qualified indivi- the duty, of persons engaged in the vaduals for undertaking concerns of the rious manufactures of the country, to greatest magnitude ; and such societies, of consider well the tendency of the above the above description, as still exist, have measure before it is fully established, and been, for some time, generally considered to oppose a dangerous precedent before both unjust in principle, and as obstacles they feel its consequences. to the full expansion of commerce. Our

Nov. 9, 1796.

J. J. G. East-India Company, which is the chief society of this kind now remaining, has To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine, long enjoyed great, and deserved, celebrity, in their mercantile capacity. They

SIR, appear to have carried the commerce of IT is very probable, that Lime, from its the East nearly to its utmost extent; and

caustic quality, may have some benetheir conduct, as merchants, having, in ficial effect, when combined with other general, been such as reflects upon them substances, for the purpose of manure : much credit, and shows a just regard to

as, however, this effect can be but of short the interests of their country, it appears duration, lime loon losing its causticity surprising that they should lately have by being exposed to the atmosphere, its adopted a measure which appears to have permanent advantage does not appear to be a very contrary tendency : among other accounted for. regulations for preventing the company

When particles of lime are saturated from nionopolizing any article of which with moisture and fixed air, they become they are the sole importers, it was pro- precisely what they were before calcinavided, that they should sell all goods with. tion, excepting that they were then in in twelve months after importation, and masses, and are now detached : and as in lots of a limited value; and if their the faturation is foon effected, that circharter contains no express prohibition cumstance does not explain the cause of its from engaging in the home manufaktures utility, which is apparent for several of this country, it is undoubtedly because years. the framers of it had not the most distant Fixed air, in order to assist vegetation, idea that “ The United Company of Mer- must be brought into contact with, and chants of England, trading to the East- absorbed by, the vegetable, into the cirIndies,” would ever attempt any thing of culation of which it enters, and is again the kind. The measures recently adopted emitted, after having undergone some by the Company, of working a conside- change of character, in the form of pure rable part of their import of Bengal raw- air. But I do not consider it in the power filk into organzine, ought to be viewed of a plant to detach from the particles of by manufacturers of all descriptions with lime contiguous thereto, any part of the the most jealous attention, as, from their fixed air which may have been combined tenacious adherence to the undertaking, with those particles, that combination MONTHLY MAG, No. XI.



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