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correct knowledge of the subject. Neither his was uncommonly active in establishing the lagreat acquirements. nor the fuccefs of his works, firmary at Aberdeen, and he was an early, vigoDackened his pursuit of new knowledge. He rons, unifo'm promoter of that in Glaigow. ftudied the late impiorcments in Chemistry, he Besides a very liberal subscription, he leidom oblerved the great political events which have visited the Infirmary without leaving a new mark happened, and contemplated those with which of his good will. His end accorded with the the time feems pregnant with the keen interest widom and grodness of his former life. He of one just entering on life. Age, indeed, and a uled forretime's to fay, “ I am ashamed of living native lo e of truth, gave him a degree of im- si so long after having cealed to be useful," partiality, which is now as rare in politics as it though at that very time, he was acquiring or has always been in theology, so that he spoke communicating useful knowledge. During his of everything like a superior being who had tant illness, which was fevere, he complained of purified his perceptions without impairing his nothing but the trouble that he gave his affechumanity. He venerated Religion; not the tionate family; and he looked to the grave as noisy contentious systems which lead men to a place, not of reft merely, but of triumph. His bate and perfecute each other, but that sublime late compofitions contained allusions to his own principle which regulates the conduct by con- decay allusions the more affecting to his friends, Erouling the selfish, and animating the benevo- because they feemed the genuine offspring of lent affections. When vilified by interoperate his feelings, and were exprelled with ali the digPhilosophers, te made no reply, being satisfied nity of virtue. Last winter, in the Litera y with having stated what he thought the truth; Society of Glosgow, he read an ingenious dil. and, when outraged by zealots who most faltely course on the Muscles; and, after ftating, from call themselves Chriftians, he bore the outraje his own experience, the effects produced on them meekly, using no terms either of complaint or by age, he concluded thus : “ May I be perreproach. He was, to the lait moment, free « mitted to mention, that it was the experience from that morose, querulous temper, which has " of some of these effects of old age on the been deemed infeparable from age. Instead of " muicular motions that led my thoughts to this repining at the proiperity or enjoyments of the “ fpeculation, which, as it is owing to the infiryoung, he delighted in promoting them; and, mities of age, will, ! hope, be heard with the after having loit all his own family except one greater indulgence. It is both pleafant and daughter, he continued to treat children with " useful to contemplate si ith gratitude, the wil. tuch condescension and benignity, that some “ dom and goodness of the author of our being, very young ones noticed the peculiar kindness of " in fitting this machine of our body roadhis eye. Every scheme which promised to im- « mirabiy to the various employments and enprove human nature, or to alleviate human mi- sjoyments of life'' fery, found in him the most ardent support. He
AGRICULTURE.-MONTHLY REPORT FOR NOVEMBER. We are happy in being able to c ngratulate the public on the close of one of the most favourable WHEAT-SEED TIMEs this country has experienced. . With fo flattering a prospect of another year of plenty, as well as from the demand for f.ed-curn having ceased, the price of that alusble grain is every where sinking; and will, we trust, loin reach the lowest degree at which the farmer, heavy burdened as he is at pres.nt, can affyrd to grow it.
Good BARLÈy holds its price. The distilleries baing at length opened, and the sTORE CATTLE 1.ow drawing towards the traw-yars, the doors of the barley barns have been thrwn open, and the fails set to work. Bu' we ar concerned to find, from different quarters of the kingdom, and particularly from Norfolk, that the yield of their crops is very deficient; and that, pytly from a blight which the crop received as it food on the ground, and in part from the wetness of the latter harvest, much of it is found to be unfit for the maliter's use; so that malable barleys will probably bear up their price at market.
LEANCATTLE, and c'pecially yong tiirks, reniain in every quarter extravagantiy dear. The immoderate supply which our navy has of late demanded, is, doubtless, a principal cause of the present inordinate price of this species of stock. The poor labourer, however, has the less to apprehend from the high price at which beef is likely to be kept at, while that of bread is lowering, and potatoes cheap and good beyond example.
The average price of wheat, by the last return, .was, for the whole kingdom, 595. 70.-A: Mark-lane, on Monday last, was 498. od.
In Smithfield, beef averages from 38. 6d. to 4s. 6d per stone ; MUTTON from 4s. to 55. ; VEAL 35. 6d. to 55. 6d ; and PORK 45. 8d. to 53. 6d.
In the HoP-MARKET there has been neither speculation nor fluctuation in the course of the month; ba s of Eat and Welt Kent produce from 31. to jl and pockets from 41. to 61. The Wool bufiness continues flat, and ti:crc has been little variation in the prices.
* The ENQUIRER, No. X, will appear in our next Number —Those friends who lend their aid to our Agricultural Repori, are intrated to be punčiual in their favours Biographical Notices, and Memoirs, will be always inserted with readiness. -Our Subsoribers are requested to be particular in giro in iheir orders for the Supplement, as that it may be delivered in due time. Sic che crver. The Meteorological Journal is not yet come to hand,
The Condutors of the Magazine inform their reaclers, that the SUPPLEMENTARY
NUMBEN, containing Indexes, Title, &c. to Volume II, and several valuable
Original Communications, will be ready fr delivery, on or a'out the izt's of January. They also, on this commencement of a neiu year, respeći fully riturn their acknowledge.
ments for past favours of every kind, fron friends, Supporters, and correspondents, which i bey hope 19 continue to enjoy', as it Mall be ibeir fedulous endeavour to continue to merit.
To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine.
KICHTER, LEONARDI, and the rest above-mentioned. &c. in attempting to
combine the new theory with the exist. THE following general account of the ence of phlogiston in coinbustible bo
State of Chemisiry in Germany, parti- dies, admit the general principle, togecularly with regard to the progress of the ther with its consequences. All they new system, which has rendered the aim at, is, to rescue themselves from the name of Lavoisier fo illustrious, will not, pretended disgrace of a complere defeat. I prefume, be an unacceptable article in Those who still maintain the existence your Miscellany.
of this agent, consider it as the basis of An entire revolution in the system of light, or as light extinguished. This bachemistry has been recently effuated in fis, ftored up in abundance, in inflam. Germany. The existence of the doc- mable fubftances, when it meets and trine of phlogiston, with certain qualiti- combines with heat, conftitutos luminous cations, had till, however, a few parti- fire; thus accounting for the fret, of zans remaining : GREN, a scholar of con- combustible bodies requiring a certain fiderable repute, although too tenacious degree of heat, in order to catch fire. of his opinion, WESTRUMB, GMELIN, These are restrictions which some of and CRELL.
the German chem:Its lay down ; with TROMMSDORF, who is a convert to the exception, however, of these, they the new doctrine, still adheres to fome have all adopted the new doctrine. VANremains of the ancient system. Gott. Mons has been chiefly inftrumental in LING has promulged a new hyporhesis, effe&ting their conversion ; having plainwhich he is eager to appear the cham- ly demenatrated the presence of the oxypion of. With regard to the junior che- gen, in the oxyde of Mercury, made redmists of that nation, SCHERER DE JENA hot by fire. is the most promising, he is a man of When it is represented that GREN, extenfive talent, an excellent experi- WES! RUMB, GMELIN, and CRELL, menter, and zealoufly attached to the maintain, partially, the existence of French chemistry. Were it riut for the phlegiston, it is not meant to assert, that res angufta domi, re might expect, from they still profess the principles of Stani's his researches, the most important new theory. À late publication of GREN, discoveries in the science.
who is a profound naturalist, mathemaProfessor MAYER, at Erlang, shines tician, and geometrician, as well as cheequally as a mathematician, a natural mift, is entitled, 66 The Founda'ions of the philosopher, and a chemist. HERME- Necu Chemisiry," and agrees precisely STADT is a strenuous advocate for the with the principles of the French docnew doctrine.
trine. In his Manual of Chemistry, reThe German chemists, W1ECLIEB, printed two years ago, he represented MONTHLY MAG. NO, XI.
the theory of oxygene, in parallel with To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. that of phlogiston. He had done nearly
SIR, the fame thing, the year before, in the fecond, cdition of his Foundations THE poetry of the ancients differs of Physics.” A third edition of that
from that of the moderns, as in inany work has been juft printed, in which he other relpects, fo especially, in aboundexplicates the phenomena of the fcience, ing more in matter, and less in words. after the syitem of LAVOISIER. His Even their most flowing writers do not Journal of Phyfics, of which feven vo- seem to have poffefsed the happy art of lumes have been published, has always so many poets and poetesses of the preadmitted, indiscriminately, the articles sent day, in drawing out a fine and brilfor and against both theories. GMELIN liant tissue of description and sentiment devotes his whole attention to historical from the scanty ftaple of two or three and techn cal chemistry. In the fecond flight circumstances or ideas. They do edition of his Manual of Chemistry ap- not seem to have been aware, that the plied to the virts, just finished, he has essence of poetry consists not in comgiven the theory according to the an- prellion, but in amplification ; and that cient principles. His Iniroduction to Ge- the practice of “ always hastening to the mdral Chemijlry furnishes an account of event,” must reduce the happiest subthe state and progress of the science, in jçets down from epic or heroic bulk, to both theories.
the diminutive size of ode, or even epiWESTRUM 3 is a practitioner of tech- gram. Let those who wish to see the nical chemistry, extremely well verfed different effects of the same subject, when in the art.
His writings on pharmacy treated in the concile and the expanded evince equally the man of reflection in manner : compare the original odes of a science where it cannot be denied, Horace with the beautiful paraphrales that every thing still remains to be done. of them, by a poetess of diftinguished In both these pursuits, he judicioully excellence in the splendid fabrications neglects reasoning for facts.
above hinted at. The difference cannot CRELL is the editor of the Annals of fail to strike ; and the reader must laChemistry, an invaluable collection, which ment, that the Sabine bard has to often has, in fact, given the grand impulse to waited upon a few of his lyric stanzas, the prevailing study of chemistry in what would have served, if properly maGermany. In this work, the editor ex- naged, for a piece as long as a modern presses faithfully the very language, as From the general character of well as opinions, of the authors. He Ovid, and the wonderful facility with makes fome hesitation, however, to adopt which he turned every thing into verle, the new principles; but, at his age, per- it may be thought he would not have haps, it is difficult to renounce long en- been guilty of this fault ; yet such was tertained ideas. CRELL has also Tome his superfluity of matter, that I know correspondents, &c. (whom it is his in- not any author who affords more terest to keep on good terms with) samples of the dry Roman brevity, both among the disciples of Stahi.
in narration and sentiment
What can GIRTANNER, another eminent che- be a more remarkable instance of this, miit, maintains, that phosphorus is com- than where, in his Faffi, he makes the pounded of azute and hydrogene ; that goddess Flora relate the principal adrenit contains in it more or less of carbone, iure of her life in two lines ? It is true, a principle which, however, rioes not en- not one material circumstance is omitted ter into its corr potition; that it may in this short compass ; a power of comthine in azotic gas ani carbonic acid by preffion, that we might admire in an means of the water contained in those epigram-but what an opportunity of gases; and that it is capable of decompo- fhining has he suffered to escape him! titi'.n, inasmuch as a hydrogencous phof- In the hope that some poet of our own phorated gas may be procured from it in grovth, bleft with the talent of harmo. experiments.
nious versification and elegant diffusion, Should the foregoing prove acceptable, will take up the theme, and make of it I wish, Mr. Editor, you could prevail on all it is capablc of affording, I shall just some of your intelligent correspon lents sketch out a design which, I think, to furnish an account of the State of Che- might be happily followed, without de mical Opinions in ENGLAND.
viating from the outline of Ovid. Tour's, &c.
Ver erat ; errabam. Zephyrus conspexit ; abiban. Nav, 17, 1796,
Insequitur ; fugio; fortior ille fuit,
5796.) Researches of Fauvel in Greece, &c.
Ver erat.] A defcription of Spring, to overtake, though fearful of urging gradually opening with all the beauties her to flight. of a fine climate,
enrapturing the sense“, Fugio.) Poor Flora! with what energy and shedding its genial influence over wilt thou paint thy sensations, when, the heart, wannot afford fewer than fifty turning thy head at the sound, thou perlines of the finest descriptive poetry, to ceivedit thy fond pursuer clofe upon thee, a writer poffefied of a happy imagina- and ready to fcize thee as his prey! Away tion, or-a good memory. This, too, is a The springs, with all the velocity that fear spring decorated with the presence of can give; and a race commences, which Flora herself ; and, therefore, may, at may be made as long as the relator pleasure, be dressed out with a profufion choles ; for Ovid says nothing to limit of the flowers of every climate and fea- it. The fight of Daphne, Syrinx, and fon.
Arethusa, may be confulted on the occaErrabam.] The lady tells the story fion, for circumstances and fimiles. Flora, herself, which makes it the more intes doubtless, ran her belt; and why should reiting, though it may be a check upon the not be as nitoble as other nymphs in fome paris of the description.
the same emergency? roving ;'' says the (for such is the force Fortior ille fuit.] “ He proved the of the Latin imperfect tense). Was the strongest,” says Flora, with equal deliroving without an object? Probably not. cacy and expressiveness. The misfortune What, then, was this object? At least, she and the excuse are implied in the same was tbinking : What were her thoughts? words. It is not for one to suggest, to Without doubt, they partnok, in fome a sentimental writer, how much, or how degree, of the foftness of the season. little, of the catastrophe 1hould enter inHere is fair scope for some pretty senti- to the paraphrase. Obviously a good deal mental writing, of which an adept will may be said, and yet not too much said. make good ule. A description of her I ihall only hint, that, from the moderadress would naturaliy employ the pen of tion and lenity of Flora's words, and a poeiejs; and, though Flora cannot di- from our knowledge that Zephyr and rectly praise her own beauty, she may she afterwards lived on intimate terms give fome delicate hints about figure and together, there is reafon to believe, that complexion, which will agreeably in- her terror and despair on the occasion, press the reader.
did not rise to the pitch sometimes exZephyrus confpexit.} A blooming young perienced in fimilar calis; and that andeity, the very rudel of grace and agi- ger and refifiance were, in a reatonable lity, who suddenly appears, catches a time, succeeded by patience and religglimpse of the fair-one, stops thort, nation. amazed and enraptured, and gazes with From the topics here suggested, I all the fervour of admiration and desire, ihould not question, that a piece, at least will certainly furnish matter for two or as long as any in Dcalley's collection, three hundred lines, highly interesting might, with ease, be formed; ner can I to every heart susceptible of the tender doubt, that, in ceriain bands, it would passion.
prove highly interesting to all lovers of Abibam.] A treasure of sentiment lurks poetry and lentiment. That this wellunder this fingle word. “ I was de- intended hint may not be neglected, is parting,” says the ; but with what lin- the earnest wish of gering reluctant steps ! with what a
PIILOMUSE. struggle between unsatisfied curiosity and, perhaps, a rising emotion of a more ten
To ibe Editor of the Montbly Magazine... der kind, on the one hand, and modesty and apprehension on the other! A full
SIR, and fair confeffion, to a confidante of all OBSERVING, in a former Number
of your much admired Miscellany, anteresting occasion, will be worth a a short notice, relative to the labours and whole letter in Rousseau or Richardson. objects of FAUVEL, the French painter,
Infequitur.] A word of alarm! I see I conceive a more detailed account of the amorous god, his face glowing with the researches of that laborious antiquadefire, and every muscle in agitation, rian and artist, may be highly interesting unable to bear the loss of the object to your readers. which had so deeply impressed itself For the last fifteen years, FAUVEL has upon his imagination, follow her, in- been engaged in making important dis. finctively, with hurried pace, resolved coveries in Greece, and the Isands of
the Archipelago, celebrated in ancient He has been also permitted to take all history. He resided five years in Athens the requisite measurements of these moalone. He also has traversed Afia Mi.
At Athens, he moulded and nor, making frequent excursions to the cast in plaster about 200 pedestals of reputed lite of ancient Troy, and to the bas-relicts, the predictions of Phidias, source of the river Simois.
which adoin the ruins of the famous Previous to his trarels in Greece, he temple of Minerva ; also, many statues, made a voyage to Egypt, where he took and all the precious remains of sculpture the plans of number of antique monu- to be found in the city. He also mould. ments, several of which were hitherto ed many details of architecture, the conunknown. At Grand Cairo, he collect. templation and study of which, he judged several curiosities. At Alexandria, ed might afford some advantage to arhe took plans of the city, its catacombs, tists. Pompey's Pillar, and the ruins of Cano- The most valuable discovery which pus. He measured several colossal fi. has been made by FAUVEL, is that of gures of Ihis and the Sphinx, and pro- the ruins of Olympia. The learned cured interesting information relative to Winckelman was unable to trace the the Pyram ds, their elevation, and de- exact position of this city ; he gave it as signs, &c.
his opinion, however, that it abounded, He even had it in contemplation to inore than any other place, with antipenetrate into the interior of Africa, to quities of every description. FAUVEL the Temple of Jupiter Ammon, and had has been so fortunate as to trace the prepared for this adventurous undertak- vestiges of its famous Hippodrome, and ing, interpreters, guides, and camels, Gcal, and of the riliis, that sacred grove, &c.; but Choiseul-Gouffier, who acted which was fo replenished with itatues in concert with him, froin motives not and other monuments of the arts, that known, but supposed to be those of jea- Pausanias informs us he was unable to lousy, prevented the execution of his çxhibit a complete enumeration of them. enterprise.
This is the place, above all others, In thele voyages, FAUVEL has equal.. whcre under-ground relcarches promifly exhibited the talents of a gcographer, ed to be the most interesting. Addia an antiquarian, and an artist. He has tional motives recommended the meadrawn maps of the country of Attica, its fure, at this moment, stiil more forcibiy; islands, &c. and traced, with great care for the Turks appear to take a pleasure and exactitude, a very minute chart of in demolishing what has withstood the of Athens; wherein he has marked, with ravages of time. As a recent instance a particular colour, its enceinte (limits) of this barbarous fpirit, an aya lately and its ancient monuments.
built, within two miles of Olympia, his He has recognised the real fituation of foulé, out of the materials of that remple many ancient cities in Peloponnets, cf -Jupiter, fo renowned throughout which, in the common maps, and even Greece, in which were sacrificed so main thold of Danville, are intented at ran- ny victims, previously to the commence, doin. Such are, for example, Tyrinthus, ment of the Olympic Games.
Even Hisã, Midæa, Nycena, Mantinea, Tt- Athens itself is not ipared by the Turks, gæa, Megalopolis, Meffena, and Olym- although its remains aitract such a con. pia.
tirual concourse of foreigners. He has drawn a chart of the island of
Your's, &c. Santorin (anciently Tbrra) sketched 'de- Canterbury',
ANTIQUARIUS signs of the craiers of its volcanoes; and Dec. 2, 1796. made subterraneous researches in Calista, a city situated in the island. He has made' similar researches at Del s, Naxos,
To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. Ios, Cimolis, Eleusis, and in the plain of SI?, Marathon : and has taken plans of the BE pleased to insert the following, in temples of Delos, its porticos, its Naụ. answer to the Enquiries made last machia, and its Coloffus.
month, by your correspondent, B. reThrough the medium of certain specting some particulars in Welsh hisTurks, whose interest he procured, he tory : has been allowed to dig under ground, Owain, prince of Gwynez, who died in any where in Athens, at the foundations the year 1169, had nineteen children. The of the temples, and even of the citadel names of the fons were, Rodri, Cynoric, itielf; a favour till then unprecedentede Riryd, Meredyz, Edwal, Gynan, Rien,