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by the laws; and that one is the brother of reproach to himn. The youngViscomte of an emigrant :

(for he possessed a title anterior to the CARNOT, REWBELL, REVIELLIERE revolution) entered early into the militaLEPAUX, LETOURNEUR DE LA MAN- ry service, and followed the profession of CHE, AND BARRAS.

arms, the usual, and indeed only calling The Luxembourg, appointed for their of aniienne nobiele. Having procured a refidence, is now known by the name of commission in the regiment of Pondicherle Palais Directorial. Its courts are filled ry, he remained for a considerable in with buisiers and gardes de corps; and the the rank of a subaltern, having risen no apartments appointed for giving 'audience higher than a sous-lieutenant, or second are decorated v th a splendour unknown lieutenant. It is well known, that unto any of the existing monarchies of Eu- der the old government, every regiment rope. Under their auspices, the king of in the service was a seminary of dilipathe two Sicilies has acceded to a peace, pation, and that play and gallantry occuwhich bereaves the coalition of another pied all the leisure moments of the young of their associates, while their treaty of- officers. This provençal, born with a warm fensive and defensive with Spain, must temperament, like one of the moit eminent considerably augment 'their maritime charakters in our own country, was unastrength. Nor has the fortune of war ble to resist the allurements of feduction, been, on the whole, unfavourable to and soon became as much addicted to them-Corsica has been restored without gaming as his companions. This of an effort, and Lombardy, by a series of course hurt his finances, and reduced him valorous atchievements, has, under their at times to the most humiliating neceffity. administration, been severed from the Having repaired to Paris “to folicit prodominion of the house of Austria. motion, the Marechal de Castries, then

In respect to domestic regulation, their minister at war, refused to gratify him, government is avowedly superior to that under pretext of his irregularities. This of the ancient committees; and their pretext indeed, would have excluded late message purporting it to be their in- half the ariny, and the whole court, tention, “that even the flightest vestige from the good graces of the sovereign! of military ręgimen shall be effaced - The truth is, that the lieutenant was that the constitutional order ihall be uni- destitute of protećtion, and this, which form throughout the whole extent of the at all times is a misfortune, was then republic—and that the citizens shall ap - litle less than a disgrace. At the period of proximate to each other, by the cares of the revolution, Barras was only twentyagriculture, the relations of commerce, seven


of age. He beheld his country and the love of the arts," bespeaks inten- about to be rescued from lavery, and tions pregnant with the happiest confe- saw with transport, that a new career quences.

was opened to his ambition. While his Upon the whole, nuuch room is left brother sided with the cast to which he for hope, that a legiilature, fairly and appertained by birth, he took up arms freely chosen by the nation, whose image in behalf of the people. They both servit refle&ts, Imust always operate as a consti- ed at Thionville ; his brother is a Knight tutional check on the ambition of indivi- of Malta, and now serves in the army of duals. All power is cumulative; autho. Conté. Recovered from the follies of rity necessarily tends towards defporisin; youth, the pleasures of the table, and it is the friction it meets with in its pro- che fascinations of play, he acted with a gress that alone prevents an accelerated masculine energy on all occasions, and as,

during the monarchy, he had aped the The five directors of France possess a vices of the courtier, so on its overthrow, great share of knowlerige, sagacity, ener- he practifcd all the felf-denial, and all the gy, and even experience. In ihort, they virtues of a republican. are, in all points of governmin, at On being elected a member of the naleast equal, if not superior, to any other tional convention, previously to which he cabinet in Europe.

was appointed juré à la haute cour

tioralt, Barras jained the mountain, and Paul Barras, is a native of the fouth voted for the death of Louis XVI, the of France. He was born in Provence, and his family, which is both ancient * A juror of the High National Court. and noble, has hitherto been only a source






3796.) Original Anecdotes. - Direttory. Barras ... Carnot. 803 Girondists, however, considered his learned, and poffefling greater activity violence as a mask.-Having been sent and exertion than knowledge and acon a mission to the South, he acted quirements. with great energy at the siege of Toulon; His choice of subordinate officers, his and, in conjunction with his colleague, military difpofitions, and his judicious arFreron, elected Buonaparte, then a young rangements on all great

occasions, and more officer of engineers, to preside as general especially on the 13th of Vendemiair,when of artislery, a circumstance which reflects the convention, if not deserted, at least fome credit on their penetration. On his was not supported, by General Menonno entering la Ville Affranchi, as it was then to whom it had confided its defence, prove termed, he informed the convention him, however, to be no common man. " Qu'il n'avoit trouvé que les galériens qui The fx following lines, which are fufint palriotes*.!!

quoted rather for their inalignity than At three critical periods, Barras has their wit, were written by a general been invested with almost unlimited pow. officer, whom he overcame on that occaers, and on all these occasions has con- fion; and evince, at least, how much he is ducted himself with courage and fagacity. hated, notıyithstanding his nobility, by During the insurrection of the 27th of the emigrants of every hue and defcripJuly, he led the forces of the convention tion. against the inunicipality of Paris, then PAUL DE BARRAS, PREMIER in a state of insurrection. He suppressed NOM, ROI DE FRANCF, the counter-revolutionary commotions in !

VARRE, & DE LOMBARDIE, DUC the fauxbourg de St. Antoine, on the 20th DE BRABANT, COMTE DE NICE, of May; and on the 13th of Vendeniia re, DUC DE SAVOY, PRINCE DE LIEGE, which answers to our 5th of October, he ELECTEUR DE COLOGNE, &c. &c. subdued the sections, who had organized “ Plus que Néron, Mon Vicomte eft defpote! themselves into an arıny, and marched “ Se pavanant sous la rouge Capote, against the legislature, hcaded by Genc

6 Ce Roi bourreau, pérore sur un ton ral Danican.

« Dont rit tout-bas le badaud dans sa craffe It is to the last of these events he is

« C'est Arlequin, Pantalon, ou Paillasse, indebted for his present elevation ; and

6. Contrefesant les airs d'Ag. fuch was the eagerness of the national the dire&tory; and it is to him, through

Barras is at this moment president of convention to include him in the directo- the minister of « interior relations”, ry, that an express exception on the

that our ambassador at Paris must tranffcore of age was made, purely out of re

mit his new powers, and apply for the fpect to him, in the constitutional code.

decision of France, relative to the im. It is also not a little remarkable, that he occupied all his former important em

portant question of peace or war. ployments, and holds even his present si

CARNOT, iuation, in express opposition to the de. As well as Barras, is of illustrious birth, cree of the 27th of Germinal, which ex- being descended from an ancient family, cludes all the kindred of emigrants from and, like the Gerinan nobility, might places of trust.

boast of his feudal domains, his ancient Barras is now in the 34th year of his fiefs, and the thirty-two quarterings of age. He is tall and handsome, and makes his armorial coat. But he possesses far a fine appearance at public festivals, different claims to the esteem and the rewhen dressed in his purple rohe, fur- spect of a grateful country, all of which mounted by a scarlet mantle, with his are included in the appellation of la head enveloped in a feathered hat, adorn- " Terreur des Autrichiens*.' ed with the national colours. His com- To his early life, malice herself has plexion is rather of a yellow hue, a cir- not affixed any other ftigma than that cumstance which has not escaped the he owed the care of his infancy and eduroyalists :

cation to the Prince de Condé. He has « Ce massacreur de rois, à face de saffran," fince, however, been accused of counte&cot

nancing strong meafures, hurtful perhaps He is represented as rather able than to a few individuals, attached to the an.

cient system, but generally beneficial to * That he had only found the galley Naves his native land, let it be recollected, Patriots.

however,' that a treaty of partition + This murderer of kings, with a face of sal- had been signed by the coalesced powers; fron, &c.

* « The terror of the Austrians." MONTHLY MAG. No. X.

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... Carnot

Carnot ... Lepaux. (Nov. that the Aag of England was then flying on all trying occasions : “ Carnot, tu at Toulon, as that of Austria had done às la confiance des patriotest ![For a formerly at Valenciennes; and that every charaéier and farther particulars of Carnat, French patriot called out for masculine fee page 308, vol. i. of tbe Monthly Maand strenuous exertion. There was an gazine.] evident neceffity, then (and that, too, a neceffity not of their own creating) for

REVEILLIERE LEPAUX, the committee of public safety to exert, perhaps, a vigour beyond the la-vs.

Or, as he was termed before the revolu No cold blooded act of private malice, tion, La Reveiliiere de l'Epaux, was no deliberate instance of personal revenge; born at Angers, where he portefied fome no private and petty animosity, actuated landed property. On his being returned or jullied his conduct. While Rober

a member of the National Assembly, he pierre was tampering with the jury,. attached himself to the Gironde, and hav. and impelling the public accuser to deeds' ing been bred to the bar (for he was one at which human nature shudders, Lin- of those whom Mr. Burke wishes to der and Carnot, unable to repress or stigmatize under the appellation of vileven check the tyrant, were labouring lage larwyers) he had acquired habits of day and night in their bureaus ; the one, business and research at an early period of in procuring provisions for the armies ; life, and was very serviceable to his colthe other, in organizing their victories.


Notwithstanding he voted for The royalists, unable to deny his me- the death of the king, Reveilliere Lerits, have attempted to leffen them. Af. paux was profcribed by Robespierre, and ter clalling him with St. Just, Collot included in the list of persons out-lawed. d'Herbois, &c. they tell us, that the Driven from Paris, and forced to wander ground-work of his campaigns was about from department to department, borrowed from the plans of the great cap endangering the head of every person tains of the age of Louis XIV. Now, who gave him an asylum, he was, neveras it is notorious that the papers of these theless, fortunate enough to survive the celebrated commanders have been depo- storm, and was the only one of his party sited near a century at the war office, that was elected into the directory. how comes it about, that, during all the To an irreproachable character, he preceding wars, no one minister was able unites a taste for letters, and for science, to discover one signal victory, through the and he is said to have attained confidespectacles of Condé and Turenne?

rable eminence in botanical pursuits.

After the contest with the sections, the « Enfant gaté du poltron Robespierre, “ De lui d'abord tu reçu la lumière

heads of the victorious party withed to “ Et bien prisant ton naturel félon,

adjourn the constitution, under the usual « Il t'accola le candide Couthon,

pretext of fate necesity, but he opposed « Le doux St. Juft, & l'ingénue Barrere,

this fatal plan with a manly firmness, " Et ce Collot, des Lyonnais le père,

and even threatened to denounce the “ Et pour tout dire, enfin ce bon Billaud authors of those crimes which, in la Ven“ Qu'injustement on appellait Maraud, die, and other parts of the common. « Dans cet égoût révolutionnaire,

wealth, had fullied the name of a res « Dans ce tripot, dit de salut public,

publican, and brought an odium on « U fut connu que ton minois d'aspic

liberty. « Suffisait seul pour diriger la guerre :

The health of Reveilliere is precarious ; « Lors des bureaux pillant tous les cartons,

this circumstance is, indeed, evident Et sans génie, officier de génie, Tu'vins donner avec forfouterie

from his countenance, which exhibits a « De fort beaux plans pour plans de ta façon,

sickly hue; and it is laid by his friends, « Pluns quejadis pour abréger ia peine

that as

he was prevailed upon by « Avaient formés les Condé, les Turenne," &c. the critical fituarion of public affairs It was in the same style of inveệtive that fice, so he pants for peace, in order

alone to encounter the fatigues of ofFreron said : “Qu'il avait l'esprit de Barrere, le cour de Colloi d'Herbois, & la retirement, amidst his plants and his

to enjoy domestic tranquillity and rural tête'de Billaud*.” On the other hand, books. the republicans have always exclaimed **That he had the wit of Barrere, the heart of

“ Carnot, thou haft the confidence of the Collot d'Herbuis, and the head of Billaud,"



1796.] Varieties.- Literary Notices, &c.

805 LETOURNEUR DE LA MANCHE, planned the late expedition under Richery, Little distinguished himself, either be

against Newfoundland. fore or since the present contest, as an

REWBELL, officer, notwithstanding he is said to Like Lepaux, was bred to the bar, and have entered, at an early period of life, practised with great success as an advointo a corps that has produced more great cate, at Strasburgh. Born in Alsace, and men than any other. Although an of- speaking German from his cradle, seves ficer of engineers, he had, however, the ral of the princes of the empire, who merit of hding with the people, who held fiefs, and claimed feudal services paid, in preference to the executive in France, employed him as their agent. power, which only employed him ; a dis. Having been deputed from his native tinction fufficiently plain and obvious, province to the Constituent Assembly, he indeed, but which, notwithstanding that, conducted himself to as to unite confia is not always felt, even in this country. derable talents with the reputation of He was the nephew of M. de Caux, a steady and enlightened friend to liberty. lieutenant-general, and commandant du He supported the fame character in the génie at Cherburg; when employed on Convention, and was fent on a mision to the celebrated works of that port, he Mayence, by the 'committee of public was much applauded for his peculiar con- safety. It was he who first founded the struction of a magazine for powder. court of Berlin, and revived the ancient

Letourneur, abandoning the profeffion jealousy between the houses of Brandenof a foldier, became a legislator, and bourg and Austria. It was he also, who, fided sometimes with the mountain, and in conjunction with the Abbé Sieyes, sometimes with the plain; but as he concluded the treaty with Holland, and countenanced energetic measures, he was by striking off one enemy from the coaalways considered as appertaining to the lition, and adding a maritime state to the

scale of France, essentially altered the He has the character of a cool, re- balance of power. ferved, and ambitious man ; but, to his Rewbell, lofty, resolute, and intrepid honour, neither his public nor private by nature, possesses at the same time a character have been fullied with any of cool judgment. While energy was nethe excesses of the revolution ; and this, cessary, he supported the Jacobins ; but when every thing is fairly and liberally the moment that his native foil was purged considered, is, of itself, no small matter of of its invaders, he joined the middle praise. He is reported to have lost con- party, and has contributed not a little to liderable property in America, in con- the establishment of the new constitufequence of the war with Great-Britain; tion, and a more permanent order of and, if we believe some, it was he who things.

former party.

VARIETIES, LITERAR Y and PhiloSOPHICAL ; including Notices of IVorks in Hand,

Domestic and Foreign. EARLY in this month, the First Volume, not yet been translated; and to revise

on the large paper, of Mr. WAKE. and correct several former translations of FIELD's new edition of Lucretius, in parts of Plato. quarto, with select noics of former com- The different estimation in which talents mentators, and those of Dr. Bentley, ne- are held in Germany and England, may be ver before published, from the Doctor's easily conjectured from the terms offered copy, in the editor's poffeffion, will be by Professor HELLWIG, of Brunswick, to delivered to subscribers. The text will any one of sufficient abilities in botany, be materially amended upon the autho- and natural history, who is willing to acrity of mss. and the firit editions ; and company a friend of his on a botanical the whole poem illustrated

and explained expedition for two years, through diffeby copious annotations. The large pa. rent parts of Europe. His travelling exper copies will make three volumes; the pances, including board and lodging, are common paper, two.

to be paid. He is to be treated in the Mr. T. TAYLOR, the translator of fame manner as the principal in this exseveral Greek authors, has lately, tranf- pedition ; is to have 200 thalers, or 261 lated Plato's Laws; and is proceeding 134. 4d. a year : in case of giving.coina with those Dialogues of Piato that have plete satisfaction, his falary is to be in


5 K 2

creased to 250 or even 3po thalers a year. of this work is to direct the public at112 confideration of this munificent offer, tention to the best materials pointed out and the great expences of the journey, it by chemistry and philosophy, as substiis made a condition, that all the produc- tutes for the use of wax and spermaceti. tions of nature which the couple of tra. Mr. DIBDIN is preparing for publivellers may collect on this expedition, cation a Complete History of the English thall belong exclusively to the patron; Stage. but if the travelling companion should M. PELTIER, of London, announces have a pa ticular fondness for some fpe- his intention to publish, in England, an cimens, there is encouragement held out edition of the celebrated work on Pasi. to him that his wishes will be gratified. graphy, invented and arranged by De

JEAURAT, of the Observatory at Pa- MEMIEU and the ABBE SICARD. This ris, has larely invented and constructed a curious work professes to teach the first Diplantidian Telescope, which forms two elements of writing and printing, in any equal images of the object, the one up- one particular language, so as to be underright and the otlier reversed. This in- stood in any other language, without the strument will prove highly useful to the help of translation; similar in their effect practical astronomer, by enabling him to to the Arabic figures, or to the notes in observe, with greater promptness and ac- music, curacy, the passages of stars over the me- An important political work is in great ridian.

forwardness in London, under the title It is a fact little known in England, of Plaid yer pour les Emigrés François; that the valuable collection of objects in par M. le Comte LALLY TOLENDAL. natural history made by LABILLAR- By a decree of the French legislature, DIERE, in the South Seas, was lately the new library in the national palace is taken by our cruizers, and brought into eftablished, under the inspection of the an English port. On the representation, archivills of the republic, 'for the use of however, of the Directory, the English the members of the two houses of legisGovernment, greatly to the honour of its lature. As this is at once the general liberality, instantly restored the fame; place of resort for the deputies, and a and in September, an English vessel, fole- centre of union for all foreign journals, ly freighted with the collection, landed it and other periodical works, it is probaat Hayre-de-Grace. By the French lite- bly the most interesting place for politirary journals, it appears, that the whole cal information in the worid. confited of about 4000 various plants, Three poetical works are at this time half of them new ones; a variety of seeds in the Bristol press : designed for the Botanic Garden ; 1500 1. A second edition of Mr. S. T. insetts ; 300 species of curious birds; a

COLERIDGE's poems. number of quadrupeds ; fpecimens of

2. Poems on the death of Priscilla wood, reptiles, and fith, preserved in fpi- Farmer, by her grandson, Mr.CHARLES rits of wine ; specimens in lithology ; ele, LLOYD. ven bread-fruit trees, &c.; and many in- 3. A volume of Poems, by Mr. Ro. ftruments of the South Sea islanders. BERT SOUTHEY, author of Joan of Arc.

An abridged translation of the Agri- An enormous terrestrial globe, eight cultural Works of ARTHUR YOUNG is French feet in diameter, has been placed announced at Paris, to be made by LA- in the library of the Four Nations, at PaMARCK, Benoist, and BillEcoC; to ris, by BERGEVIN. Its external substance which notes are to be added by PAR- is of copper, which is covered with a MENTIER, DE LA LAUZE, and AR- hard and polished enamcl, on which the

The work is expected to ex- names, &c. are engraved in ivory black ; tend to fifteen or eighteen volumes in oc- the colour of the sea is a very delicate skytavo.

blue, and that of the land a light brown. The artists employed by the French ---It is obvious, that a globe of these diGovernment to make collections for their mensions is an object rather of curiosity Museum of Aris, have obtained fifteen pic- than of utility. tures at Parma, twenty at Modena, twen- The Provincial Administration of Lom. ty-five at Milan, forty at Bologna, and bardy offered a gold Medal, value ten at Ferrara.

200 sequins, to the writer of the best Mr. C.Gower, of Oriel College, Ox. Discourte on the following questionford, has published the prospectus of an Of all possible free governments which is intended work on the Matter of Arti. tbe bej udapted to the genius and cbaračier ficial Light. One of the useful objects of ibe Iulians ?

A depot


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