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For tbe Montbly Magazine.
but very common, carduus, which this auAccount of AN INSECT, SAID TO
thor terins, c. fpinofillimus. He gives a fi
gure of the plant, and minutely gives the BE ENDOWED WITH A REMARKABLE PROPERTY.
natural history of the infcet. In fpecuBy. Dr. BEDDOES.
lating on the mode of operation, he does
not escape the usual fate of us physicians. THE power inputed to this infect, will Nor will his nonsense entertain by its inthose who shall not regard its history as fa. genuity. He thinks the flaids of the inbulous. This was not long since published from the carious tooth. He adds, that
fect neutralize the sanies or discharge at Florence; by Prof. Gerbi, who names it, curculio anti-odontalgicus. He relates, much fluid, wilt answer as well as the
the perfect insect, as long as it contains that if 14 or 15 of the larve be rubbed larva. The Tuscan peasants have long between the thumb and farc-finger, till been acquainted with the insects which the Auid is absorbed ; and if a carious ach- furnish à charm for the tooth-ache : as ing tooth be touched with the thumb or fin- the curcilio jaecac, curc. Bacchus, carager so prepared, the pain will be removed. If there be a hole in the side, the in the artichoke or carduus hæ murboidralis.
bus chrysocephalus ; which are found cither tooth must be held between the thumb
Now, Mr. Editor, I know not how far and finger : when the hole is on the top,
your readers will look upon this it is only necessary to press on the tooth. In those cales, where the pain is remove
account as more credible than an animal able by this method, it abates almoft in magnetism story: Faith will, probably, stantaneously, and in a few minutes total of the teeth for bodily suffering ren
not be wholly independent of the state ly ceases.
The pain is sometiines more obftinate, not diminihing in lets than evident, from the history of quacks and
ders us extremely credulous, as is alike eight or ten minutes; and requires repeated rouching: To prevent a return, foon be able to procure impregnated
regular physicians. li we thould not the twoth thould be truched two or three chainoy leather, by way of Leghorn, our times after it is become quite easy. The Britith buranists and entomologists will, pain is sometimes permanently removed; at others it returns, but may be removed perhaps, be able to detect the carduus . in the same way. The author has feldom In order to enable them, I will, if
spinofljimus, and its fingular inhabitant. found that it would not yield after a fifth please, transcribe their characters for in
you or fixth return. A piece of chamoy lea- fertion in your next Number. ther will serve equally with the finger;
Clifton. Nov. 10, 1796. and I must not conceal from the reader, that a prepared finger is said to retain its
T Carrependents. virtue for a year, unless it be used for tooth-touching! Prof. Gerbi, 'forefees THE Controveriy concerning the Talents of
Woraan has proved to prolific, that we how ridiculous this part of his narrative will found. He assures us, however,
must beg leave to decline inserting any farther
letters on the subject. We think it cannot be that a multitude of facts, collected by better closed, than by giving the lady the lap word. him in the space of five years, lay him To our numerous poetical correspondents, we under the neceility or admitting its authen- take the liberty to hint, that in the present ftate ticity. Nay, he mentions above fix hun- of correctness which the art of versification is ardred cafes, noted down by himself and rived at, grofs faults in measure and rhyme reothers, in which the tooth-ache was cured ceive so little indulgence from the public, that by this method. In these cases, 1,
no credit is to be obtained either by the writer the pain returned no more, or after a long
or editor of pieces thus defective. We are sorry interval; it ceafed for five or fix
to observe, that several communications, not 2, days; 3, it ceased but for a little while,
void of merit in other respects, are rendered inad
missible by negligence in these points. or was only mitigated ; or, 4, no effc&t
We are foriy Mr. Timothy, 18314 &c. followed. Success was most certain
should have so much trouble relative to favours when the cause of the pain was local. Of which do not suit us. twenty-eight perfons much troubled with
X Q. W. Z. is requested to favour us with the tooth-ache twenty-five never after- the loan of a copy of the musical work he alludesro. wards suffered considerably. The author Once more we are compelled to intreat the thinks, the other three did not prepare inclulgence of several correspondents, whose fatheir finger properly, or that the finger vours are deferred, from the press of temporary could not be laid over the hole from its matter. Perhaps, we cannot too often repet htuation.
the necessity w: are uider of preferring conciís The insect is found on a non-descript,
communications to those of greater lengih.
THIRD PUBLIC SITTING OF THE NATIONAL INSTITUTION Held at Pariş, on the 15th VENDEMI AIRE, corresponding to the 6th of
OCTOBER, 1796. [The readers of the Monthly Magazine are supposed to have perused the defcription of the In
ftirution, whose proceedings we here detail, in page 119 of our Miscellany, for the inonth of March. In that place are enumerated the objects of its clailes and sections, and the place and time of meeting; together with a complete list of the relidentiary members. In
page 632, of No. VIII, we also laid before them a comprehensive and interesting analysis of the proceeds ings of the first and second public fittings of the Institute We now procecd' to exhibit the transactions at their last or third fitting. Respecting this Institution, the result of whole labours have been exclusively noticed in this Publication, it is scarcely necessary for us to add any thing to impress on our readers just ideas of its importance.]
The Hall in which this learned body hoids its blished by him, tended to show, that the
public meetings, is situated in the palace of two great branches which make up the the LOUVRE, and was formerly occupied as science of man, are parts of the fame a deposit of antiquities. These public fittings trunk, and that this trunk resolves itself are held in it four times in every year, on the
into the knowledge of the physical facul15th of the first month of each of the seasons. ties of man : that the ancient philofo
phers, who cultivated rational philosophy It is of an oblong form, and built in the very best style of architecture. Between the pil- according to its original princ ples, were lars which adorn it, have been placed exqui- the modern philosophers who have
cither physiologists or physicians : that fite marble statues of illustrious Frenchmen.
regenerated and stamped upon it a chaOne of the extremities forms a saloon, around račter of practical utilty, which, till their which are arranged other statues of their great time, it never had, have introduced into writers, Corneille, Racine, Moliere, La Fon- the study of medicine and physiology, taine, Montesquieu, and others; and in the their leading principles and ideas. middle is an antique figure of Minerva. At had previoully communicated to the Inthe other extremity are four caryatides, chef ftitute, his remarks en physiological d'oeuvres, by Goujeon, which support the subjects; which may be referred to the ROSTRUM. For the accommodation of the analysis of sensations, and to morals,under public, the circumference is furnished with a the following heads : itt, History of Sendouble row of commodious seats, which are
sations. 2d, Influence of Conititutional feparated from the interior of the hall by a
Habits. 3d, Influence of Ages. 4th, Inwooden partition. Within this partition are
fluence of Sexes. 5th, Analysis of Symtwo other rows of seats, for the 144 members pathy... 6th, Philosophical Hygiene.of the Institute, and those of the affociates who 7th, The Influence of Medicine on Mo.
rals. may be at Paris. The tables, which are also
De LILLI DE SALLE read a in two rows, are of oak, supported by bronzed
ment from a curious work, entitled “The griffins. At one extremity are the seats for Code of Happiness.” the president of the Institute and the secreta
RÆDERER communicated some ob. ries, and opposite to these are seats for the servations the two principles of directory. The tout ensemble is exceedingly which the patiion of love conlifts, viz. simple and dignificd, and the effect is greatly desire and curiosity; on two other prinimproved when the hall is illuminated.
ciples, relative to the social affections,
on the return of The fitting was opened by the notice imitation and habit ;
that LEBRETON, the secretary of the armies at the peace, and on the prethe class of the moral and Political tended danger from their being disbanded Sciences, had completed the labours which at that time. have occupied thar class since the last lite BAUDIN DES ARDENNES, presented ting, on the 15th of Metlidor.
a memoir on popular CLUBS, in which CABONIS, who in the first and preyi- he controverts the principle, that the pus quarterly sitting, had commenced his tribunelhip is a necessary institution in lecture of General Confiderations on the the French nation, and that clubs are Study of Man and on the Relations of not competent to execute that function, his physical Organization with his moral as ir exifted in the Roman republic. and intellectual Faculties, announced his
DYANTEKE, an associate, ,tranfimitted progress in the same. The puinis elia, two inemoirs ; in which he derronstrated,
that the prohibitory regimen militates Archipelago de Borman, is not Bougain. egainst every found principle of political ville's Archipelago dis Navigateurs; that cconomy:
the island supposed by Roggewien to be BOURGOING, an associated member, the Cocos and Traitor's Islands of Le Maire trantinitted a practical memoir. on Spa. and Schouten are not those islands : and nih sheep, and on the best means of that those of Thienoven and Groningen cannaturalizing them in France.
not be the Santa Cruz of Mendana. ANQUETIL read three memoirs on VILLETERQUE, an associated member, historical subjects : the first related to the presented an hypothesis on the physics Treaties which had been made respect- of the terrestrial globe. the Rhine, in 1651, 1558, and 1663, THOURET and MONTLINOT read which resulted from the Treaty of West- two important memoirs ; the one on phalia : the second is an Introduction to foundlings, and the other on the most the History of the Treary, of the Pyre- proper basis of furnishing public succours. nées : the third is a syllabus of much MONGEZ, secretary of the class of greater work, entitled, “ An Historic literature, and the polite arts, presented cal Picture of the World.”
the detail of the works submitted to this In connection with the last memoir, class by its inembers. DUPONT DE NEMOURS presented to the SICARD read his memoir on the mode class, some observations on the part acted of instructing persons born deaf and by the Serpent in most of the oriental dumb. mythologies, and upon the signification Peyre proposed such an arrangement attached to it.
of the plan of the Louvre*, MENTELLE presented a series of use. that all future embellishments and imful questions relative to geography and
provements might be included within it. ftareitics, to be resolved by the corre- He proposed to place in the pavillion of spndents of the Institute, and by the the middle of the colonnade, a magnifiagents of the republic in foreign coun- cent ftaircase, to lead to a gallery over the
garden of the Infanta, between the isolat. GOSSELIN continued his elaborate re- ed wall, conitructed after the design searches relative to the acquaintance of of Perrault, and that of the facade of the the ancients with the Arabian Gulph. Louvre; decurated by Lemercier. He Those com municared to him during this proposes to open a public campetition, in quarter, relate to the city of Tarthith, order to procure the best plan of the gal. the rendezvous of the feets of Solomon ; lery to be constructed on the side of the the expedition of Ælius Gallus into Ara. treet St. Honore, parallel to that which bia, under Augustus; the chronology of terminates the Museum. the Honjerite kings, and the epoch of In another memoir, the same member the Mareb deluge, so famous among the proved, that the first schools of architecArabians.
ture should not be kept separate from FLEURIEU read a critical examina- those of painting and fculpture. tion of the relations of voyages made called to recollection, that Michael Anround the world in 1721 and 1722, by gelo painted the Sixtine chapel, enthe Dutch Admiral Roggewien. The graved the superb figures of the tomb of voyages of this navigaror, which have Julisthe Second; traced the fortifications hitherto been little understood, are prov. of Florence, the cupola of St. Peter, the ed to the of great consequence to geogra- capitol, &c.; and that Raphael furnithed, phy, in this memoir. By comparing the with the same hand which painted the polition of Easter island, as deíciibed by transfiguration, a new plan for the basie the Dutch Admiral, with its exact lati- lique of St. Peter. tude and longitude, as since astronomi- CHENIER, read an imitation of a cally determined by Cooke and La Pey- poem of Oifian. rouie, Citizen Fleurieu makes it appear, BITAUBE, deprived of his pensions and that li the discoveries claimed by Rog- revenues in Germany, on account of his gewien, are really founded in truth; that attachinent to the principles of the these discoveries have cicuped the observations of the modern navigators; that
* This superb edifici, once the palace of the
r. Efter Ifanci, not:vithtanding the
Kings of France, now claims the notice of Eu.
rope, as the residence of all tie National tions of the English geographers, is not
Academics, and as containing the rich Muí um, Duvis's ijlund; that ibe Labyrinth of Rosgr.
to furnish and embellish wlich, France and the wiens is not immodore Buron's Prince of neighbouring nations have so lai gely contributed Wales's llind : 'that the Dutch Admiral's for ile last three years.
1796.] Proceedings of the Institute of Arts and Sciences.
795 French revolution, read a memoir on the DOMERGUE, in a differtation, entitled politics of Aristotle; principally drawn Théorie de la Proposition, deduced the in: up in the prison wherein he had been contestible truth, that grammar ought thrown by the tyrant Robespierre.
to be a fpeaking logic. LANGLES read several observations DUTHEIL examined, in
a critical on the paper money which has been used Memoir on the Divorce of Philip-Auin Asia. More than a century before the gultus with llgelberga, a Danish prinvulgar ara, bonds were circulated in cess, the political relation subsisting beIndia on the security of the domains of tween the French and the Northern nathe prince, which were nothing more tions in the 12th and 13th centuries.than refcriptions, or antici;ations. To- On this occasion he entered into a dewards the end of the thirteenth century, ícription of the flourishing condition of the Chinese emperor ifiued a paper mo- the schools at Paris at that period. Pu: ney fimilar to the French alíignats, which pils attended them from all parts of Euwas afterwards imitated by a deicendant rope. Mongez concluded his report
for of Ghengis Khan, ligho reigned at Tau- this class, hy predicting the much more ritz. But the paper munics of Pekin extensive success which the Parisian and Tauritz, had but a short and feeble fchools will attain under the auspices of success ; they becan e at length of much liberty. And the moment, says he, is less value than the Chinese paper hang- at no great distance, when Europe will ings.
pay the same tribute to the same schools : The same member translated the Gu- every thing concurs to render Paris the liftan of the poet Saady, and read leveral centre of the arts and sciences. fragments of his works to the class, as In the class of Physical and Mathemawell as the extract of a life of this great tical. Sciences, Forrait, a non-resident poet, written by a learned Perhau bio- associate, presented the interesting detail grapher.
of experiments made by order of the goLEVESQUE read a memoir on the vernment on the navigation of the Seine progreslive improvement of the art of from Paris to the Sea. The Salmon, a lugpainting among the Greeks.
ger of 14 guns, being 75 feet in length, MONGEZ decided from a particular 18 in width, 8 in depth, and in perfect passage of Valerius, that Cucbolous, a condition to keep the sea, has completed fpecies of opal of Chalcedon, made use of her paliage from Havre to Paris : 'with by the Calmucks in the formation of their a draught of 6 feet water she might vases and idols, was the matter of which have carried 180 tons; the was, howe they anciently manufactured the vaja ever, only laden with 70 tons, and drew myrrhina to costly and so celebrated at
in the course of the experiment but 4 Rome. The cacholoug appears to be a
fuet; the aciual depth of the Seine begirasol, with a larger mixture of argilla. ing never less than 5 f.et, she might ceous carth. The substance of it, accord- have carried, without inconvenience, ing to him, is neither porcelain, mayrrh, 104 tons.--FORFAIT concludes that yera nor benzoin, but must be traced into the sels may be constructed with mafts on mineral kingdom.
hiligcs, of 200 tons burthen, and drawLEGOUVE, an affociated member, ing 6 feet water, capable of navigating read to the class a piece of poetry
at all times, which, with 6 men and 6 on burials.
horfes, might proceed from Havre to PaMONVEL, celebrated for his abili- ris in 10 days, on a plan inuch more ecoties as a theatrical writer anú performer, nomical than is now practifed. has also displayed equil talents as a writer PRON Y recited a memoir on the of apologues.' He read to the class five- means of converting cor.tinued circural fables.
lar movements into rectilinear alternate FONTANES presented to the class a philosophical difquisition on the ancient DELAMOR E transmitted a farther des Gauls, who had no kings, were govern. tail of the dispositions he had made for ed by chiefs of their oiva election, and ineasuring, during the remainder of the judged only by their peers : and who seafon, an arch of the meridian, situated made themselves malters of all toc Ro- between the parallels of Bourges and man territory, and even of Rome iifuli, D'firmant, a town in the department except the Capitol.
of Puy de Dome. This work completed, Ducis preiented an epiftle, tending there will only remain, next spring, from 10 throw a stiginz upon celibacy. fix to eight triangles to be measured, to MONTHLY MAG. No. X.
complete an uninterrupted chain from LAMARCK read a dissertation Dunkirk to Barcelona, which includes the primogenial particles of compound an aecurate knowledge of the arch of bodies; in which he endeavours to point the meridian situated between the two out the immutability of their form, and cities.
the unity of their nature. He concluded, FLAUGERGUE transmitted a differ- by observing, that the primogenial partation on the rotatory motion of the ticles of every composition are necessarily planet Venus. He conceives, that the imple and identical, and that the herotation of this planet is made in 24 terogenitty of any matter is solely occadays; a movement fimilar to that for- fioned by the aggregation of various merly established by Bianchini, but very kinds of those particles, and never dedifferent from the conclusions of Callini pends on their combination. and Sabroeiei', who maintained, that Ve- BERTHOLLET, MONGEZ, and Thounus finished her revolution in less than IN, now in Italy; HUZARD, on the 24 hours. A little obscure spot in this barks of the Rhine; BROUSSONET, in planet, regularly observed two hours to. Portugal; and GIROUST, in St. Domingether, without fenfible change, has go, have transmitted important observaierved as the bafis of this curicus dil- tions on chemistry, natural history, and covery. FLAUGERGUE has also attempted rural economy. to ascertain the position of Venus's equa- DAUBENTON, in a dissertation
the generic characters made use of in In the Physical class, Messrs. FOUR- natural history, exhibited a number of CROY and VAUQUELIN have continued principles on the advantages of the methods. their labours relative to the Barytes and practiled in the study of this science; the Stronthian earth. M. GREN, pro- and on the abuses to which it is liable; fessor of chemistry at Haile, has sent them the falle notions adopted by certain nospecimens of the last carth. It appears menclators, and on the manner in which from these experiments, that if these the methods ought to be arranged to harearths poffefs timilar properties, a greater monize with nature. number of different ones are to be found Cuvier has also been employed in them : such are, particularly, the infu- upon a new claslification of beings. He libility of the Stronthian earth when shows that the divisions into which they exposed to the blow pipe ; its less folubi- may be arranged, ought, in proportion lity, its weaker affinity with the acids, as they become more elevated, to be from which Barytes and the fixed founded on more general characters. He caustic alkalis separate it; the greater proposes, by an application of this theory, quantity of those acids which it absorbs, to ascertain in fucceffion, by the nature and the figure, the folubility, and the of the blood, the mode of respiration, laws of decompolition of the falts which it the fiate of the embryo, the organs of forins with the farne acids. By compar- motion and those of fentation, the chaing the observations of the cheinist racteristics which are to diftinguith living KLAPROTH with their experiments, they and sensible beings, and the gradual diconclude, that these two earths are of visions by which we proceed from the the same nature, and that the Stronthian consideration of the class to that of the must be considered as a new earth, and species, 1hould be arranged next to the Barytos LAUMONIER presented some curious in the chemical lystem of minerals. anatomical preparations in coloured wax,
GUYTON communicated some new calculated to represent, as it were visibly, investigations, from which he inferred the most curious, delicate, and even futhe identity observed between the action gitive oblervations, on those interior of the salt calied oxy-n.uriate of pot-ashi, parts of man which are the most difficult and that of the salt called nitrate of potash. to be understood. He submitted piatina to the action of oxy- DESESSARTS read the continuation genated inuriate, and he found that this of his remarks on the small pox, and metal, when made red-hot, is oxydated at its complications with other diseases, the its surface by the oxygenated-muriate of result of 40 years' experience. potath, although the salt, to which oxy- CELs communicated some practical ob. gene gives a very remarkable property, is servations on the effects produced by intoon sublimated, and forms only for the undation, with respect to meadows, crops moment a fluid bath upon the platina. of hay, the provender of cattle, &c.