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fified by the enemy, to attempt a desieni on valry : for this purpose, the first step ibis country', Mr. Pitt rofe : he said, would be to ascertain the number of as the house had unanimously entered at horses kcpt for pleasure; the person who an early part of the session, into the im- kept a horse of that description, could portant resolution of following up that certainly have no objecțion to for ard part of his MAJESTY's speech which the measure, since it was evident, rom had becn read to the committee, he his being n such a situation, that he had should then {ubmit to the confideration, a confiderable ftake to defend. The tax of the house some propositions, which on hories furnished a juít medium to. would, in his opinioni, cifećtually go to , ascertain the amount of the irregular the accomplishment of that resolution. cavalry, which might be added to the In order tń give some additional strength force already established throughout the to the present refpe&table fate of ihe country, It appeared from his tax, navy, he proposed 10 levy a number of that no less than two hundred thuusand men, on the same pian as that on which horses were kept for plearitte, 120.000 of they had been furnithed about two years them were paid for by prions whu kept ago, by the different parithes. But it one borse only. He proposed to take was nüt his intention, he said, that the the tenth of the whole of the taxed men raised in this manner Thould be horses, which would, consequently, fursolely applied to the sea-service. Many nith a body of 20,000 cavalry. Whoof the regiments returned from the ever kept ten hories, he proposed to continent, were without a fufficient produce at a cerrain day a man and a number of privates and non-commiffioned horse fully accoutred, and those who officers; and, in this incomplete state, kept above thar number to furnish in he would propole, that they should be proportion. Where persons kept lets, augmented to their regular force on the thcy might be joined together to comestablishment, by a certain number of picte tiiat number, and the man and men raised in that way. He cítinated horse should in that cale bu furniil.ced by the number of men to be thus divided bailot. between the land and fea service, at about He next proposed to er body, as a 15,000; but the principal obje&t which corps of maik mer the game kopers he proposid, was a supplemental levy of throughout the kingdom: in Giler militia of 60,000 men. He said they words, that every one who had taken might be taken by bailot in the different out a licenci 25 ame-keeper, hould be counties of Great Britain, but they were allowed to throw it up; but if he did no: to be brought into actual fervice, and not, he should be obliged to enter into the government should only posiels the

In that case, the number of power of calling them out, were iuch a men under that description would be measure thought necessary. To prevent

about 1000. any objection which might arise against The aggregate of Mr. Pitt's prothem on account of their want of dif- posals were: cipline, he propoled that a fixth part To raise 15,000 men, to be divided should be embodied and trained for 20 between the army and the nary ; days successively, to give to them a fuffi- A fupplementai militia, confitting of ient degree of military knowledge. 60,000 men;

The levies, he observed, as they were A body of irregular cavalry, às near at present conducted, were extremely 20,000 men as potlible, and, irregular and disproportionate in the A corps of 7000 men, expert in the several counties. By the present militia use of fire-arms, consisting of gamelaws there were a proportion in fome keepers, amounting in all to 102,000 counties of but one to Teven, while in others it ran as high as one to forty- Mr. Pitt concluded his speech by three. He did not therefore mean to proposing a bill to be brought in conregulate the present plan respecting the formable to the several proposals he had fuppicmental militia, according to the just made to the house. original numbers as the militia was then, Mr. SHERIDAN observed, that he railed, but according to the numbers as expected fome explanation would have they actually were in the different coun- been given of the actual necessity of the ties.

measures proposed by the minifter. AcThe next point to which Mr. Pitt cording to his statement, the house was directed the attention of the house was, placed in an embarrassed situation ; for to increase the number of irregular ca- it was inyited to impose furious and heavy


the corps.


1796.] Political Affairs.--Great Britain.

743 burdens upon the people, and to detra&t forces, by observing, that if the enemy from the induitry, and luipend the lin did not lisien to proper terins of peace, bours of the poor, without any one but perlevered in continuing the war, . oftensible cause or tolid proof whatever. not withítanding every just propia ir The first dury of the house in such a

could not be contended that bahis eruntry cale was, before it disented to such ex- should not undertake off rive oprra..ons: traordinary and oppreflive proposals, to thas it thould be conadered in such a allure itself of their neceility. If the

caiu, that the seasonable increac f our hould was not disposed to imitate the force would secure u: fate y at home,, conduct of the last parlia nent, by relying and enable us" pou of li wroad, on allection only, and resigning itself up and that he carnestly delired, thut he to an implicit confidence; then ne trusted might not be implicated in a contrary that it would insist upon fome proof opinion. being ofered, that the danger against Mr. Fox agreed with Mr. SHERIwhich it was deemed neceffary to pro- DAN,

tha: no proof had been adduced of vide, did actuaily exiit. The minister the existence of any danger to this cunseemed to have built the plan of his try from a supposed decent of the operations upına baíel:18 foundation; enemy. M:. DONDAS, he said, had he inight with egual jurice, have adopeed fukin of the last par'i 'nent as ha ing. the same pan tume years finće, when fat fix years with the nig ieft approbariuil general DUMOUR ER threatened to fail and the greatest advantage wthis cou lup the Thames, and take the tower of try. “ For my part,” said Mr. Fox,“ I London.

think the last parliament did the most But to expect any other authority mitchief to this country and its liberiy, froin the prefent ministers than decla- that ever was done to it fince first the ration, he was well aware, was vain, and name of liberty, or the use of parliafor the illustration of this affertion, he ments, were knjwn. The non. gentlereferred to all their past transactions. man might have shown thai the latt They had before raised and diffuicd parliament had infringed the rights of alarms, for other purposes than those the people, and increased the power of which they professed, but tending chicfly the executive government beyond any to increase their own extensive power; former example. Paru.aments were oric and he had therefore every reason to be ginaliy instituted to proteet the public doabii'ul now of their fincerity. The pu:fe, and the power of the people ; but minister's idea of decinating the beail- the last parliament was lavish of both, cavalry in Hyde-Park was ludicrous, and proved, in his opinion, the greatest particularly where it affected those curse that a people had ever expeequestrians who clubbed to keep a horse. rienced.” As to that part of the plan which in- The general current of Mr. Fox's ob. volved the gaine-keepers; although they fervations on the propused measure, went had taken ont a licence to kill game, the to prove, that ininit:ers were not afraid did not fee why they were better quali- of an invaf n, but that they augmented fier! to kill Frenchmen. He confidered the domestic force of the country only the plan as oppreilive in the extremnc, that (as Mi. DUNDAs intimated) they fince there were many persons and with might be enabled to detach a larger families, who either muft abandon their portion to puriue defruäive schemes of occupation, or must submit to disagrce- conquest abroad. able conditions, which neither did exist, Mr. Pitt, as might be expected, nor could be poliibly foreleen, when they defensed he lait parliament against the accepted their employment.

afle'rtions advanced by Mr. SHERIDAN Mr. DUNDAS, after referring to what and Mr. Fox Mr. SHERIDAN had said of the con- Colonel TARLETON professed he duct of the last parliament, flattered would not oppose the measure at present, himself that the present one, considering, but he desired that it might be viewed " the beneficial and laudable measures with all puilible jealousy. adopted by their predeceffors, would

Mr. ELFORD (a new member) supshow their approbation of those measures, ported the measures 'before the comby their readiness in following similar mittee; and alerted, that the clamour fteps.

excited against the bills passed last fefThis minister argued in favour of the fion, was caused by gross misrepreproposed augmentation of the national sentation,



A gun

Mr. Curwen spoke against the mea- artillery and ammunition for the French fures proposed by the minister ; he army, were in the port of Genoa, and thought that if any enemies to the coun- were proceeding to land their cargoes in try and constitution exifted, he must the harbour of St. Pierre d'Arena. On look for the traitors near the throne. the 12th of September, an English fhip

Mr. Serjeant ADAIR said, he thought of 74 guns went out of port, and sent that the bills passed last fetfions had pre- two boats, with 25 men cach, who vented feditious meetings, and therefore boarded a French vessel employed in deserved every eulogium.

landing her goods, cut the cable, and All the refolutions passed the com- carried her oil as a prize. The sailors mittce.

immediately on the atrack, quitted the In conformity to that part of his ma- vessel, and gave the alarm to the gunners, jesty's speech, which relates to a nego. who Acw to arms, and fired upon the ciation for peace, wc find, that the ex- English boats; but the thips of war ecutive directory of France published an having dispatched fresh boats to atsist in oficial note, purporting, that an appli, the capture, the French vessel cation, dated Westminster, the zit of foon out of reach of the cannon. September, was remitted, on the 25th beat, and two corsairs, which were in of September, to the minister of foreign the port, went out, and advanced with affairs for the French republic, and by boldnefs to the Englith ships to cut off Irim presented to the directory, defiring the prize; but they were forced to retire. pall ports for an envoy from the Britith The 74 gun fhip was half gun-shot from cabinet, who was to proceed to Paris, to the Mole; two in ts were fired upon the make overtures of peace.

That the French works at St. Pierre d'Arena, executive directory immediately charged which determined the Genoeie batteries the miniftcr of foreign affairs to deliver to fire but feebly, and consequently the passports dufired, to the envoy of without fucce's. England, " who shall be invested with This event, however, caufed a gene. full powers, not only to propose and ne- ral alarm in the city A quarrel took gociate a peace between the French re- place hotiveen th Geneose and French, public and Great Britain, but to conciudc because the former appeared to favour it definitively between the two powers.”' the English officers who were there ; * If, then, the English governincnt,” adds and an officer of the navy was wounded the directory,“ in this proceeding (agree by the Genecfe guard. ably to her former corduct in respect to The French minister immediately dethis point) does not with merely to de- manded the port to be thut against the ceive the public, and induce it to believe English, and the sequestration of the that the carries on the war unwillingly- English vesse!s tree. These two de if it is not adopted in order to have the inands were complicd with by the pretext for requesting supplies, which government, who, however,

could the English people beholds them lavish not difsemble their extreme embarrass. with regret; if this government abjurcs ment, as the agents of the Genoefe go. unjust hatred ; if the opens her car to vernment had guaranțied to the French the voice of humanity, if the yields to their landing goods in the harbour of St, the wish of the nation, whose interests Pierre d'Arena. and welfare are intruit d to her care, The British cabinet, by come means, the peace will experience, on our parts, has been led to construe these tranfac. neither obstacle ner delay.”

tions into an aggreflion on the part of the Lord MALMSEURY, who had ac- Genoefe, and on that account has laid an quired some reputation in foreign nego- embargo upon all Genoefe thips in Engciations, while minister of the Hague, lish ports,' or which should arrive in was selected by the British cabinet as a English ports, till farther orders. proper person to conduct this important We noticed in our last the royal pronegociation. He left London on his mo- clamation, by which " the free navigamentous mission on the 15th of October; tion, from Great Britain to the United and later accounts have announced his Provinces of Holland was permitted, as fafe arrival at Calais.

well as the exportation of all kinds of The British ministry have at length merchandi!c, excepe military and nava! come to an open rupture with the Ge. annunition, provided they were exa noctc; and the caute of this difference, ported under a neutral fag.' we understand, to have been as follows: After 'the national asembly of the Twelve or fifteen traníports, laden with Batavian people had taken the above prog




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1796.] Political Affairs.-- Ireland ... Frances

745 clamation into serious consideration, they Ireland, which was hurried through the issued a proclamation, on the 16th of house of commons in a single night. September, in which they termed the

FRANCE. British proclamation an artifice, which the Batavian people well knew how to On the 2 3d of September, PELET DE appreciate--a lure which they disdained. LA LOZERE made a motion, in the • What Batavian heart," said the pro- council of five hundred, for peace, upon clamation, “ is not filled with indigna- which the order of the day was called for. tion, on considering that the enemy of On this occasion Boissy D’ANGLAS our country would offer us for sale those rose, and said, “ that though he fup

effects of which we have been wrong- ported the order of the day, he did not fully pillaged ? - They refolve,

the less approve of the intention of Pelet, « That it shall not be permitted to He thought that French liberty would import into the United Provinces any triumph over all its enemies; but it was British manufactures whatever, nor any of use to declare to the people, that the British merchandize in general. That war into which they have been drawn upon the importation of effects of this was not a war of caprice, but of liberty. kind, they fall be confiscated to the “ It was of importance,” he said, profit of the Batavian people.

announce to all Europe the duplicity of “ That it be forbidden to the inhabi- Pitt, at the inoment in which he was tants of the Batavian republic to accept foliciting new , subsidies, and deceiving or pay any bills of Exchange drawn from the English people. That people," he Great Britain."

added, were sincerely defirous of peace, IRELAND.

but the English government continued.

we must make war because On the 13th of October, his excellency the French do not wish for peace; or bethe lord lieutenant proceeded to the house cause they do nordesire it until they have of lords, and opened the session with a destroyed all the thrones of Europe." sprech, the echo of that made by his These, he observed, were undoubtedly majesty to the English parliament. the political principles which had direct

The address to his inajesty was moved ed PELET ; nevertheless, as the agitafor by Mr. Wolfe, in a maiden speech, tion of the question might involve Tome and seconded by Mr. BAGWELL. circumstances injurious to the interests

Mr. GRATTAN proposed an amend of the republic, he moved the crder of ment to the address, the purport of the day, which was almost unanimouily which was, to effect the complete con- passed. cefsion of the constitutional privileges to On the 22d of September, the executive the Roman Catholics of Ireland. This directory dispatched a mesage to the produced a debate, which was not con- council of five hundred, purporting, that cluded till past two in the morning; and it found it its duty to fubinit to the counthe amendment was strongly opposed. cil, for its confirınation, a measure res

On the part of Mr. GRATTAN, and specting the distribution of provisions to his Siends, the debate was conducted the poor of Paris. After recapitulating with much force and spirits they sup- the former arrangements with respect to ported the indispensable necessity of an this necessary object of police, they add, hearty union of all sorts of the people, to

" When the constitutional government the safety of the empire, at this crisis. was first established, bread and meat It was opposed by the other side, upon were distributed to more than 600,000 the ground, that the mode and occasion of persons, at the daily expence of upwards introducing it, as a clog to the address, of 150,000 franks. was inexpedient and ungracious, and that 66 At this time the distribution of the as going to demand a ftipulation for the ratios of three quarters of a pound of Catholics, it was inimical, rather than bread is made to no more than 185,000 friendly, to their cause.

persons, and 10,000 pounds weight of The house at length divided---ayes 12, meat, per day, are given away to the

aged, the infirm, ana the women who The motion for the original address ara in labour. was then put and carried.

“ The daily expence does not exceed In a few days after, the attorney-gene. the sum of 30,000 livres'; this expence ral brought in a bill relative to persons should be, from the first of Vendemaire, charged with high treason, and for suf- at the charge of the commune of Paris ; pending the act of Habeas Corpus in but as the council had not taken care ta


noes 149.

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fecure it the necessary funds, the execu- their impunity, every thing seemed caltive directory ordered the inivister of the culated to aların the good and peaceable interior to furnish this indispensable fup- citizer.s. He urged the neceffity of reply, until the council should afford the preiling faction instantly. He therefore commune of Paris legal means of defray- proposed to form a commission of five ing the expences.

meinbers, to revise the laws relative to « The fupply of meat to the civil hof- the fupprelfion of feditious assemblages, pitals, and to the houses of arrcit, pro- and the mode of prosecuting and trying duces also an expenditnre of 100,000 all those who attack the constitution and livres per month, which the executive government. This proposal was adopte dire tory ordered the minister of the in- ed. terior to pay, till the council hail appro- On the succeeding day, Bouset, on priate the necessary funds for that pur- a motion of order, demanded that the polo

council should proceed without delay to Rion, on the 25th of September, in the discuilion of the civil code. the name of a particular cominislion, CAMBARENES observed, that this charged to cxamine the law of the 3d discussion was not fimilar to that of a Brumaire, addrolied the council of five common plan. The whole of the task hundred, and, after some pertinent ob- was here to be considered, and the mode servations on the cause of those exceffes in which the siscussion was to proceed in which France under the revolution- was the ririt object of deliberation. The ary government, had been involved, he commission proposed on the latter head a proceeded to an investigation of the law plan of ' refolution; it was therefore of 3d Brumaire. He observed, “that to proper to adjourn the question until that fay a law is revolutionary, is not to say plan should be submitted to the council. tiat ir is unjust. Will it be said that it It is only necessary to add, that this opii revolutionary, because it has a rela- nion was adopted by the majority of tion to the revolution Unfortunately, votes Frenchmen will itill have need to frame On the 23d of September the anniverlaws relative to the revolution, for par- sary fêtc of the foundation of the repub.. ties are still contending. The revolution lic, was celebrated in Paris, in the Chainp was finiihed on the day whin the confi- de Mars, with much appropriate fceuery rution was put in activity, but the revo- and magnificence. lutionary laws must Still continue, as the In our last review of military affairs, waves are still scen agitated, when the we left the army of Italy, under the tempeít has subsided. Indulgence is afkod command of gencral BUONA PARTE, in for the relations of emigrants; these posicion of Trente. General WURM. citizens are deprived of one of their SE!, obliged to abandon Bassano, fied rights only, that of being chofen for pub- in perfon, with the wrecks of two batta I c functiuns. Let us not itifle the con- lions of grenadiers of Montebello, beftitution under th pretext of re-animat- tween Vicenza and Verona, where he ing it. You have not protcited against rejoined the division he had ordered to the revolutionary mcafure, by which the march to Verona, consisting of 4,500 government put in a state of ficge the cavalry, and 5000 infantry, at the moWestern departments; you felt that the ment he hcard that the French were fafety of the people demanded that mea- preiling on to Trente. ture. The fincit period of the Roman On the oth of September, General republic affords but one Junius Brutus, WURMSER Icarnt the arrival of the but one Marius Turonatis, who facrificed French general MASSES A, at Vicenza. to his country the affections of nature !” He felt that be had not a moment niore He then spoke of the amnesty, and pro- 'to lose, he defiled along the Adige, posed, " that the firit article of the 3d which he crossed at Porto Legnago. Brumaire, concerning liverticidal ligners The roth of September, in the evening, of revolutions, be rescinded.

the general of division, MASSENA, “ Secondly, that there is no room for palled the Adige, at Roncon, while gedeliberation on other propofitions, made neral ANGEREAU marched from Padua relative to this law.” His report was to Porto Legnago, being under a necesordered to be printed.

sity of informing his left, that the AufOn the 27th of September. BAILEUL, trians might not attempt to save themin the council of five hundred, on a mo- felves by Cafel Baldo. On the uth tion of order, called the serious attention General' BUONAPARTE made difpofipf the council to the reiterated attempts tions to cut off the retreat of General of the conspirators. Their boldness, WURMSER. For that purpose a wing


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