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of the interior, and that of the coasts of merie, and the fedentary national guards ; the ocean, who had been deprived of that the whole surplus of force should be their pay for several months, owing to sent beyond the frontiers, or united to the exhausted state of the treasury, all the triumphant armies. They will, they bargains with contractors were allo suf- add, defeat the enemies of the republic, pended; the provisions nearly exhausted; deaf to the voice of humanity and their the service of the magazincs interrupted; own interest. “ All the troops of France, even the fick in the hofpitals had been said the directory, “ shall live at their exdenied articles the most necessary for pence; all the calamities of war thall bs their recovery; and requisition seemed to transferred to their territories, until they be but a precarious and dangerous re- please, at last, to accept the just and 1:0source, especially in the departments of dexate cond. Brons which cue bave not crefyd, the west, whose inhabitants had but and which we will not cease to offer ibim. lately submitted to the laws of the re- In the fitoing of the 31st of August, public. The disorganization occafioned " the councitof ancients approved of the

" by this distress was to great, that the of- treaty of peace made between the French ficers were obliged to run from their posts, republic and the margrave of Baden. to avoid the complaints of the foldiers, In this treaty, the margrave revokes all which they knew not how to answer. " adherence, consent, and access by him

The directory concluded their address, by given to the armed coalition against the advising the legislators to turn their whole French republic, and every contingent or attention towards replenishing the empty fuccour in men or horses, under any pretreasury, and supplying the troops in the tence whatsoever."

He farther agrees, interior; adding, that the armies abroad " that the troops of the French republic cost the government nothing, as they en- fhall pass freely through his dominions, tirely subfifted on the spoils of conquest. and occupy all military posts necessary

Whether the council took any mealures for their operations." "He stipulates for to relieve the army, remains unknown; himself and his fucceffors, “ to deliver up but on the third day after the message was 10 the French republic, all the rights dispatched, August the 25th, the direc- that may belong to him in several specitory, by a resolution, fuppressed the ar- fied lordfhips, and places upon the left mies of the coasts of the ocean, and the bank of the Rhine, and all the islands of interior, except the 12th, 13th, 14th, the Rhine which may belong to him.” His and 22d divisions of the army of the serene highness engages not to permit ocean,

which were to remain embodied the emigrants and the priests transported under the command of general Hoche, from the French republic, to reside in and three generals of brigade. The re- his territories ;” and, lastly, this treaty is mainder of the standing armies of the declared common with the Batavian re* interior and the coast, were to be com- public. pletely difbanded before the 22d of Sep. General Hoche, on the 24th of August, tember.

issued a proclamation from his head On the 8th of September, Fabre an- quarters at Rennes, importing, " That nounced to the council of five hundred, because the majority of the rebels have that a state of the expences would speedily given up their arms to the republicans, be presented to the council. He also de- fome places thought themselves in the clared, that the pensionaries should foon utmost security. They forgot that vigibe paid, one half in real value, and the lence which is necessary after a civil war annuitants one fourth of what was due to the most disastrous ; as the men who them.

waged it were impelfed by fanaticism, and The directory, on the 6th of Septem- directed by the greatest intriguers in Euber, dispatched a letter to the minister at rope; that the torpor and inattention was war, upon the resources to be introduced fuch, that some agents of England had into the military administration. They lately landed on the French coait.” The assured him, that from that day it was commander in chief, therefore, who retheir intention to place all the territory collected with emotion the energy which of the republic, comprising all the coun. his brothers in arms had displayed, ever tries united to it, upon the footing of the since he had the honour of coinmanding most profound peace; that the number of them, hoped that it would not be in vain troops in the republic should be reduced that they had willed peace, but that to the simple garrisons of the fortresses; they would consolidate their work, by that the service of the interior should be boundless vigilance and activity. Here. folcly discharged by the national gendar. commended to their care the interior

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Political Affairs ... France.

665 of Brest, L'Orient, Nantz, St. Maloes, goons of the camp were the first awakenand Rennes, where the spies of the Eng. ed. Upon observing foine of the alHith minister had chiefly taken their re- sailants advance to the stard of arms, and fidence. And, independent of the praise the park of artillery, they immediately which he will merit who thallarreft either called out, “ to arms!” They mounted one of those spies or an emigrant, he their horses almost naked, without takpromised a reward of one hundred livres ing time to dress themselves. In an inin fpecie ; and, farther, to pay all the ex- ftant the alarm was {pread, the generale pences attending the researches af er them. wa's beaten.

Whatever may be the effects 'of the / The dragoons, commanded by an ofFrench revolution in other instances, it ficer of the name of Malo, fell upon the has certainly produced a change in the rebels, who in the beginning made a style and conduct of his holiness, the pope, strong reistance; they killed fome fol. highly favourable to his apoftolic charac- dicrs, and wounded five, but were foon

surrounded and purfued from all fides ; On the 5th of July, his holiness dif- 150 of them were either killed or woundpatched a letter, addressed to all the faith- ed, between go and 100 were taken priful Catholics in France ;' in which he coness, and conducted to L'Ecole Militells them, that the pastoral care which taire. The troops behaved nobly on this our Lord Jesus Christ has committed to occasion, and rejceted with horror the him, impuses upon him the duty of en- perfidious words of the assailants. The lightening all the faithful, and of pre- directory, in the mean time, took every venting them from being milled by precaution to ensure the tranquillity of the false glare of worldly philofophy': Paris, and to render the designs of the * For,” says his holiness, “it has been insurgents abortive. The council of declared to us, as to the prophet Isaiah, five hundred empowered them to make Cry, spare not, lift up your voice like a domiciliary visits during the day-time, and trumpet, tell my people their iniquities.” the insurgents were ordered to be tried He proceeds to inform the faithful, that by courts martial. it is a received doctrine of the Catholic Perfeet tranquillity reigned at Paris on religion, that the establishment of go- the uth and 12th of September ; and vernments is a work of divine wisdom, no apprehensions were entertained of for the purpose of preventing anarchy freih attempts on the part of the Jacoand confusion; and concludes by folemnly bins, to disturb the public repose. exhorting the faithful in France, to This infurrection does not appear to yield submission to their rulers with all have been formidable, either from the their hearts, and with all their strength, number of persons concerned, or from by which ineans they will render that the manner in which it was planned and obedience to God which is his due, and executed, and the conduct of the troops convince their governors, that true reli, in quelling them, afforded a convincing gion by no means authorizes the over- proof both of the strength of the prethrow of the civil laws.

fent government of France, and of the In the night of the gth of September, attachment of the majority of the peo.

new insurrection took place in Paris, ple to it. excited by the remains of the Jacobin On the 6th of September, Camus faction, of the friends of Robespierre, presented to the council of five hunand the adherents to the constitution of dred, a definitive plan of the amnesty, 1793. At eleven o'clock on that even- which was ordered to be printed. The ing, about 800 insurgents assembled, in following are its principal dispositions : various parts of Paris, and marched tɔ ist, Every prosecution begun, or to the Plains of Grenelle, where there was be begun, every action, pursuit, and an encampment of between 2000 and 3000 judgment, on account of offences com

In this sudden and unexpected mitted, on occasion and during the course afsault, the sentinels were surprised and of the revolution, up to the 4th Brumassacred, and the insurgents marched maire, 4th year inclusive, are extinguishinto the camp, deinanding “ the re-esta- ed and annulled ; civil actions for reftitublishment of the constitution of 1793, tion, being still reserved. and the overthrow of the directory." 2d, The ci-devant French emigrants, They were armed with pistols, swords and those against whom transportation has Hicks, and some musquets, and were pro- been pronoueed, are alone excepted vided with powder and ball for the fufils, from the general amnesty introduced by which they expected to seize. The dra- the preceding article.

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3d. Every time an individual shall be VII. These fuccours shall be entirely at the sued in judgment, for a fact committed disposition of the requiring powe , which shall prior to the 4th Brumaire, the point leave them in the ports or on the territory of Thall be ascertained whether it was con- the power required, or employ them in such nected with the revolution. In ihe case expeditions is shall be deemed proper, without of the affirmative, the amuesty mall be

being held to give an account of the motives

that all have dete mined it. applied; on the contrary, the instruction

VIII. The demand which one of the powers thall be followed out. On the 12th of September, a treaty

Thall make of the succour fti; ulated by the pre

ceding Articles, th-1l be sufficient to prove the ef alliance, offensive and defensive, be

nccerity of such succours, and thall in pore on tween the king of Spain and the French

the other power the obligation of disposing of Republic, was ratified by the council of them without its being necessary to enter into Ancients.

any discussion relative to the question, whether COPY OF THE TREATY.

the war which it proposes be offensive or de

fensive? and without any explanation whatever Article I. There all exist in perpetuity being demanded, which might tend to elude än Offensive and Defensive Alliance between the most speedy' and exact accomplifhment of the French Republic and his Catholic Majesty what is stipulated. the King of Spain.

IX. The troops and hips required shall reII. The two contracting powers mutually main at the disposal of the demanding party guarantee, without reserve or exception, in the during the war, without being in any care most positive and absolute manner, all the ter- maintained at its expence. The party on ritorial states, islands, and places which they whom the demand shall have been made shall possess, respeétively; and thould either of the

support them wherever its ally wishes that two powers hereafter, under any pretext what- they should act. It is, however, provided, that ever, be menaced or attacked, the other pro- as long as such trocps or ibips thall remain upon mises and engages to aslift with its good offices: th: rerritory, or in the ports of the demanding and, on demand, to grant such aid as fhill Lo

party, the latter shall i urnish them with whaiftipulated in the following articles.

ever is necessary out of its' magazines and arieIll. Within the space of three months from the

nals, in the same nianner and at the same price time when aid ihall be demanded, the power on as to its own troops and ships. whom the demand shall be made shall have

X. The party on whom the demand fhall ready for the use of the power demanding, fif

have been made, shall make up its quota of teen' ships of the line, of which three thall be ships and of troops, as soon as any lois may three-deckers, or of 80 guns, and twelve of 70 or have been sustained by them. 72. Six frigates, of proportionate force, and XI. If the above fuccours should prove infour corvettes, or light vessels, all equipped, sufficient, the contracting parties shall put in armed, and victualled for six months, and fitted activity the greatest force possible by sea and out for a year. This naval force shall be af- land, against the enemy of the power attacked, femblead by the power of which aid is demanded, which ihall use the said forces either by comin such of its ports as shall be pointed out by bining them, or making them act separately, the other power.

according as the plan fhall have been concerted IV. In ca e the power demanding succour should between them. judge ncessary, at the commencement or hof- XII. The fuccours stipulated by the pretilities, to require only half the aid to which it ceding Articles shall be furnished in all wars has a right hy the p eceding article; it may at any which the contracting parties may have to carother period of the campaign demand the remain

ry on; even in those in which one of the parties ing half, which shall be furnished in the same

thould not be immediately interested, bet manner, and within the samg time as the for

should act as a simple auxiliary. mer, reckoning from the time of the new de

XIII. In case the motives of hoftilities mand.

should be common to both parties, and they V. The power from which aid shall be de- should declare war by common accord againit manded, ihall, in like' manner, within three

one or more powers, the above limitations months, reckoning from the time the demand

thall not take place, and the two contracting Thall be made, furnith eighteen thousand infantry, powers shall act against the common enemy and fix thousand cavalry, with a proportionate with the whole of their forces by sea and land, train of artillery, to be employed either in Eu- and shall concert plans to direct them against Tope, or for the d. fence of the colonies, which

the most vulnerable points, either separately or the contracting powers potless in the Gulf of together. They oblige themselves, allo, in this Mexico.

cafe, to treat of peace only by common accord, VI. The power making the demand Mall that each may obtain true and proper satishave permision to send one or more commif- faction. fioners to ascertain whether the power on which

XIV. In case one power should act as auxili. the demand is made is taking the necessary ary, the power which thall have been attacked measures to have the stipulated land or naval may treat of peace separately, but in a manner fusce ready by the time prescribed.

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1796.]

Political Affairs.-France. that not only no prejudice may result to the ments, seemed to be meditating: and auxiliary power, but even that the treaty may the same day, general Moreau arrived turn, as much as p lible, to its direct advantage. in great force, opposite the centre of the For this purpose the auxiliary power thall have archduke's extensive line. knowledge of the manner and time agreed up

On the roth of August, the French on for opening and carrying on the negoti- marched a strong part of their first line ation.

into the woods in their front, where XV. A treaty of commerce shall be concluded, upon a footing the most equitable and they established themselves firmly, and mutually advantageous, which shall ensure to

the same evening about six o'clock, atcach, with its ally, a marked preference for tacked general Hotze's left, at Eglingen, the produce of its foil and manufictures, or at

and Amerdingen, with great impetuolity; Icast advantages equal to which the most they defeated and drove back his advanc. favoured nations enjoy. two powers en- ed potts, but they did not interrupt the gage, froin this time, to make common caufe attack which the archduke intended in oruer to repress and annihilate the maxims making upon them the next morning. (adapted by wnatever other country) inimical All the dispositions for this premeditated to thei: principles, to the security of the neutral' attack of the Austrians upon the French, fag, and to th: rufp:ct which is due to it, as

were egularly made, and the columns well to restablish the colonial system of Spain upon the suuting on which it existed, or ought brcak. A mi it violent form, however,

were ordered to advance just before dayto have existed, according to four er treaties. XVI. Th capacity and jurisdiction or con

which lasted several hours, rendered the fuls shall be fittied 'ndregulated by a particular night fo extremely dark, and the roads agre ment, till which ime they shall remain so bad, that the roops and artillery were upun their present footing.

above double the time they would otherXVIl. To avoid all di putes between the two wife have been in performing their power, they shall occupy themselves, without movements, and the attack was necessa, delay, with the explanation and ascertaining the rily deferred till feven o'clock. This gth article of th: treaty of Balle, conce ning the enabled the French to di cover the whole frontiers, acc rding to the in ructions, lans, plan, and to prepare for their defence. and memorials, which shall be communicated through the medium of the ame plenipotenti- the archduke of the advantage of sur

Though this circumstance deprived aries who negotiate this treaty. XVIII. England being the only power a

prise, he yet persevered in his resolution

to attack. The three columns of the gainst which Sp. in has direct complaints, the present alliance fhall take effect only againīt

centre made fome imprellion upon the her during the present war, and Spain ihall re

French, but the column that marched main neuter with respect to other powers armed towards Umenheim, finding itfelf taken against the repui lic.

in flank by general Moreau's reserve, XIX. The ratifications of the present treaty which advanced for that purpose as shall be exchanged in one month from its fig- foon as the affair commenced, was obliged nature.

to retire. This laid general Hotze's Done at Ildephonso, 2 Fructidor (Aug; right Aank open, and forced him also to

19) 4th year of the Republic, one and fall back to the position of Forcheim, indivisible. (Signed) PERIGNON. whence he had marched in the morning. PRINCE DE LA Paix.

At the time the archduke was making In our last account of the military his difpofitions for strengthening and affairs of France, we left the forces under bringing forward his right again, he general Moreau, puri uing the archduke received a report from general Warten, on his retreat along the great roads of fleben, purporting, that he was obliged Gmund and Goeppingen. On the 8th to retire to Amburg; and that a column of August, the French attacked the of general Jourdan's army had already Auftrian out-posts of general Hotze and arrived at Nuremberg, for the purpose Riele, and drove them in. On the oth of co-operating immediately with geneof August, the prince of Condé was ra! Moreau. Upon this information, defeated, and the emigrants under his the archduke fufpended his attack-The command luffered feverely; he was lots was considerable on both sides ; but obliged to retire to Mindenheim, on the the archduke had the additional mortifiMüdel, and general Wolf into the de- cation of seeing his projected plan comfil: of Bergeniz. General Wartenileben pletely frustrated. at this time reported, that his pofition General Moreau profited by the large was fo bad, as to render it highly impru- deiachinent, which had been drawn from dent for him to wait the attack which the Austrian army, oppo!ed to him; he genera! Jourdan, from his late moye. immediately determined to make a dia

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version, hy attacking the Austrians under Munich, lince from the 30th of Auguft. general La Tour, encamped at Friedberg, his vanguard had occupied Munich and and wading the Lech at a place where it Vertameening. In taking this position, was fordable.

the 4th of dragoons had charged with The left wing of Moreau's army the greatest bravery the cavalry of the passed this river frit, at a ford unknown Austrian vanguard, and had pursued to the Austrians, and which they had them nearly as far as the Iser, taking consequently neglected to guard, opposite from them so horses, and as many men. to Haustetten; the volunteers were above At the moment when these attacks their middle in water, and carried their commenced, the Austrians, who had musquets on their heads. The current marched all night, attacked at day-break was lo rapid, that the first who advanced the out-posts of the left wing of the, were almost entirely hurried away, but French. "They refiited fufficiently to mere afterwards relieved. The French allow the troops who had marched totroops took possession of Kulling, and wards Ingoldstadt, to return. They gained the heights which icad to Ott- left there only the body of flankers, unmoring, on the left flank of the Auf- der the command of general Delmas, trians, who, with their artillery and who was attacked the same instant, but infantry, covered all the river opposite succeeded in repulfing the Austrians. the centre of the French army. General The vanguard foil back in good order, St. Cyr began the attack, by a discharge as far as Hangenbrugh, and the chapel from the artillery and musquetry; which, St. Garll. The troops of the main body. drawing on that of the Austrians, and and the reserve being placed there, they even diminishing it fenfibly, allowed the checked the efforts of the Austrians. other part of the French forces to pass The Auftrian cavalry, notwithitanding che river, to the right and left of Lech- the dreadful havoc made among them by hauffen, which viliage was instantly the French artillery, charged the French attacked; the Austrians loft five pieces batteries with light artillery, which conof cannon, and were chaled from the tinued their fire with the greatest coolhamlet near the other bridge. The ness, though they were not above 25 French then forced the bridge, which paces distant. the Austrians had fortified with artillery, The French charged this cavalry in and attacked the position of Friedberg. front and flank with great bravery; a

The advanced guard on the right, part of them was driven into a marsh, commanded by general Abattucci, moved and about 100 horses were taken. Anto the left on the great road of Munich, other was obliged to pass under the fire in order to cut off that retreat. General of a battalion-another Frinch battalion Ferrino and general St. Cyr, with the then attacked the heights of the chapel semainder of the French forces, hemmed St. Garll. dislodged the Austrians, and the Austrians in on all fides, and put obliged them to retire (in which they them to the route. The division of were favoured by the night) with only general Ferrino, pursued as far as Rhine- the loss of 500 prisoners, but leaving the thal. General Vandamme pursued to field of battle covered with men and near the valley of La Ser: from 1500 to horses, as well as the route they had 1600 prisoners were taken, and forty takın. Their lofs, in killed, wounded, officers, of whom three were of fuperior and prifoners, was estimated at 1800 rank; the fatigue of the men and horses put an end to the pursuit. The French This body belonged to the army of troops took poleflion of Munich on the general Wartensleben, which the arch26th of Auguft.

duke had lent to stop the progress of the After the French had passed the French in that quarter ; and from this Lech, the reconnoitring parties inforıned circumstance, general Moreau hoped general Mercall

, that ihe Auftrians pof- that the army under general Jourdan tesled the bridge of Ingoldstadt, and had would easily resume the offensive. The a strong garrilen in the town. On the French troops, though inferior in numfirst of September, the French general ber, were reported by their commander Desaix had orders to attack the head of to hive performed prodigics of valour. the bridge of Ingoldstadi, and force the On the 2d of September, general Auftrians to cut down the bridge: genc- Moreau took up his head quarters at ral St. Cyr was ordered to puth his out- Caffenhoffen, where he took 40,009 posts, to hamper and reconnoitre Fresing: facks of grain, hay, traw, and the general Ferino was ordered to approach oyens of the Austrians.

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