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of the interior, and that of the coasts of merie, and the sedentary national guards ; the ocean, who had been deprived of that the whole surplus of force should be their pay for several months, owing to sent beyond the frontiers, or united to the exhausted state of the treasury; all the triumphant armies. They will, they bargains with contractors were allo suf- add, defeat the enemies of the republic, pended; the provisions nearly exhausted; deaf to the voice of humanity and their the service of the magazines interrupted; own interest. “ All the troops of France, even the fick in the hofpitals had been said the directory, “ shall live at their exdenied articles the most necessary for pence; all the calamities of war thall bs their recovery; and requisition seemed to transferred to their territories, until they be but a precarious and dangerous re- please, at last, to accept the juji and 1:0source, especially in the departments of devute cond. tions which se bave not crafed, the west, whose inhabitants had hut and which we will not cease to offer ibim." lately submitted to the laws of the re- In the fitting of the 31st of August, public. The disorganization occafioned “ the councitof ancients approved of the by this distress was to great, that the of- treaty of peace inade between the French ficers were obliged to run from their posts, republic and the margrave of Baden. to avoid the complaints of the foldiers, In this treaty, the margrave revokes all which they knew not how to answer. “ adherence, consent, and access by him

The directory concluded their address, by given to the armed coalition against the advising the legislators to turn their whole French republic, and every contingent or attention towards replenishing the empty fuccour in men or horses, under any pretreasury, and supplying the troops in the tence whatsoever.”

He farther agrces, interior; adding, that the armies abroad " that the troops of the French republie cost the government nothing, as they en. fhall pass freely through his dominions, tirely subfifted on the spoils of conquest. and occupy all military posts necessary

Whether the council took any measures for their operations.” He stipulates for to relieve the army, remains unknown ; himself and his successors, “ to deliver up but on the third day after the message was to the French republic, all the rights dispatched, August the 25th, the direc- that may belong to him in several fpecitory, by a resolution, fuppressed the ar- fied lordfhips, and places upon the left mies of the coasts of the ocean, and the bank of the Rhine, and all the islands of interior, except the 12th, 13th, 14th, the Rhine which may belong to him.” His and 22d divisions of the army of the ferene highness engages not to permit ocean, which were to remain embodied the emigrants and the priests transported under the command of general Hoche, from the French republic, to reside in and three generals of brigade. The re- his territories ;” and, lastly, this treaty is mainder of the standing armies of the declared common with the Batavian reinterior and the coast, were to be com- public. pletely difbanded before the 22d of Scp- General Hoche, on the 24th or Auguft, teinber.

issued a proclamation from his head On the 8th of September, Fabre an- quarters at Rennes, importing,

* That nounced to the council of five hundred, because the majority of the rebels have that a ltate of the expences would speedily given up their arms to the republicans, be presented to the council. He also de- fome places thought themselves in the clared, that the pensionaries should foon utmost security. They forgot that vigi. be paid, one half in real value, and the lence which is necessary after a civil war annuitants one fourth of what was due to the most disastrous ; as the men who them.

waged it were impelfed by fanaticism, and The directory, on the 6th of Septem- directed by the greatest intriguers in Euber, dispatched a letter to the minister at rope; that the torpor and inattention was war, upon the resources to be introduced fuch, that some agents of England had into the military adminiftration. They lately landed on the French coait.” The assured him, that from that day it was commander in chief, therefore, who retheir intention to place all the territory collected with emotion the energy which of the republic, comprising all the coun. his brothers in arms had displayed, ever tries united to it, upon the footing of the since he had the honour of coinmanding most profound peace; that the number of them, hoped that it would not be in vain troops in the republic should be reduced that they had willed peace, but that to the simple garrisons of the fortreffes; they would consolidate their work, by that the service of the interior hould be boundless vigilance and activity. Here. folcly discharged by the national gendar- commended to their care the interior

of

665

ter.

1796.]

Political Affairs ... France. of Brest, L'Orient, Nantz, St. Maloes, goons of the camp were the first awakenand Rennes, where the spies of the Eng- ed. Upon observing some of the arm lith minister had chiefly taken their re- sailants advance to the star.d of arms, and fidence. And, independent of the praise the park of artillery, they immediately which he will merit who thallarreft either called out, “ to arms !” They mounted one of those spies or an emigrant, he their horses almost naked, without takpromised a reward of one hundred livres ing time to dress themselves. In an inin specie ; and, farther, to pay all the ex- ftant the alarm was spread, the generale pences attending the researches after them. was beaten.

Whatever may be the effects 'of the The dragoons, commanded by an ofFrench revolution in other instances, it ficer of the name of Malo, fell upon

the has certainly produced a change in the rebels, who in the 'beginning made z style and conduct of his holiness, the pope, strong reistance; they killed some solo highly favourable to his apoftolic charac- dicrs, and wounded five, but were foon

surrounded and purfued from all fides; On the 5th of July, his holiness dif- 150 of them were either killed or woundpatched a letter, addressed to all the faith- ed, between go and 100 were taken priful Catholics in France ;' in which he {oners, and conducted to L'Ecole Militells them, that the pastoral care which taire. The troops behaved nobly on this our Lord Jesus Christ has committed to occasion, and rejceted with horror the him, impuses upon him the duty of en- perfidious words of the assailants. The lightening, all the faithful, and of pre- directory, in the mean time, took every. venting them from being milled by precaution to ensure the tranquillity of the false glare of worldly philosophy : Paris, and to render the designs of the "For," says his holiness, “it has been insurgents abortive. The council of declared to us, as to the prophet Isaiah, fire hundred empowered them to make Cry, spare not, lift up your voice like a domiciliary visits during the day-time, and trumpet, tell my people their iniquities.the insurgents were ordered to be tried He proceeds to inform the faithful, that by courts martial. it is a received doctrine of the Catholic Perfect tranquillity reigned at Paris on religion, that the establishment of ge- the 11h and 12th of September ; and vernments is a work of divine wisdom, no apprehensions were entertained of for the purpose of preventing anarchy freíh attempts on the part of the Jacoand confusion; and concludes by folemnly bins, to disturb the public repose. exhorting the faithful in France, to This infurrection does not appear to yield submission to their rulers with all have been formidable, either from the their hearts, and with all their strength, number of persons concerned, or from by which ineans they will render that the manner in which it was planned and obedience to God which is his due, and executed, and the conduct of the troops convince their governors, that true reli. in quelling them, afirded a convincing gion by no means authorizes the over- proof both of the strength of the prethrow of the civil laws.

sent government of France, and of the In the night of the 9th of September, attachment of the majority of the peo. a new insurrection took place in Paris, ple to it. excited by the remains of the Jacobin On the 6th of September, Camus faction, of the friends of Robespierre, presented to the council of five hunand the adherents to the constitution of dred, a definitive plan of the amnesty, 1793. At eleven o'clock on that even- which was ordered to be printed. The ing, about 800 insurgents assembled, in following are its principal dispositions : various parts of Paris, and marched to iit, Every prosecution begun, or to the Plains of Grenelle, where there was be begun, every action, pursuit, and an encampment of between 2000 and 3000 judgment, on account of offences com

In this sudden and unexpected mitted, on occasion and during the course assault, the sentinels were surprised and of the revolution, up to the 4th Brumassacred, and the infurgents marched maire, 4th year inclusive, are extinguishinto the camp, de nanding the re-esta- ed and annulled ; civil actions for reftitublishment of the constitution of 1793, tion, being still reserved. and the overthrow of the directory: 2d, The ci-devant French emigrants, They were armed with pistols, sword- and those against whom transportation has Ricks, and some musquets, and were pro- been pronoueed, arë

alone excepted vided with powder and ball for the fusils, from the general amnesty introduced by which they expected to seize. The dra. the preceding article.

3d, Every

men.

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3d. Every time an individual shall be VII. These fuccours shall be entirely at the sued in judgment, for a fact committed disposition of the requiring powe, which shall prior to the 4th Brumaire, the point leave them in the ports or on the territory of ihall be ascertained whether it was con- the power required, or employ them in such nected with the revolution. In the case expeditions s ihall be deemed proper, without of the affirmative, the amvesty dhall be being held to give an account of the motives

that fall have dete mined it. applied; on the contrary, the instruction

VIII The demand which one of the powers hall be followed out.

Thall make of the succour fii, ulated by the preOn the 12th of September, a treaty ced ng Articles, th-ll be sufficient to prove the ef alliance, offensive and defensive, be- necenity of such succours, and thall in pose on tween the king of Spain and the French the other power the obligation of dispuring of Republic, was ratificd by the council of them without its being necessary to enter info ancients.

any discussion relative to the question, whether COPY OF THE TREATY.

the war which it proposes be offensive or de

fensive? and without any explanation whatever Article I. There Mall exist in perpetuity being demanded, which might tend to elude än Ofenaive and Defensive Alliance between the most speedy and exact accomplifhment of the French Republic and his Catholic Majesty what is stipulated. the King of Spain.

IX. The troops and hips required shall reII. The two contracting powers mutually main at the dispusal of the demanding party guarantee, without reserve or exception, in the

during the war, without being in any case most positive and absolute manner, all the ter- maintained at its expence. The party on ritorial states, islands, and places which they whom the demand shall have been made shall poffess, respectively; and should either of the support them wherever its ally wishes that iwo powers hereafter, under any pretext what they should act. It is, however, provided, that ever, be menaced or attacked, tlie other pru- as long as such trocps or fbips thall remain upon mises and engages to assist with its good offices: this territory, or in the parts of the demanding and, on demand, to grant such aid as fhail Le

party, the latter thall 'urniih them with whate ftipulated in the following articles.

ever is necessary out of its magazines and arie111. Within the space of three months from the

nals, in the same nianner and at the same price time when aid shall be ciemanded, the power on as to its own troops and ships. whom the demand shall be made fhail have

X. The party on whom the demand fhall ready for the use of the power demanding, fif- have been made, shall make up its quota of teen fhips of the line, of which three thall be

ships and of troops, as soon as any lois may three-deckers, of 80 guns, and twelve of 70 or

have been sustained by them. 72. Six frigates, of proportionate force, and XI. If the above succours should prove infour corvettes, or light veisels, all equipped, sufficient, the contracting parties shall put in armed, and victualled for six months, and fitted activity the greatest force possible by sea and out for a year

. This naval force shall be af- land, against the enemy of the power attacked, semblead by the power of which aid is demanded, which Ihall use the faid forces either by comin such of its ports as shall be pointed out by bining them, or making them act separately, the other power.

according as the plan thall have been concerted IV. In ca e the power demanding succour should between them. judge necessary, at the commencement or hof- XII. The succours ftipulated by the pretilities, to require only half the aid to which it ceding Articles shall be furnished in all wars has a right by the peceding article; it may at any which the contracting parties may have to carother period of the campaign demand the remain

ry on; even in those in which one of the parties ing half, which shall be furnished in the same

should not be immediately interested, but manner, and within the fams time as the for

Thould act as a simple auxiliary. mer, reckoning from the time of the new de

XIII. In case the motives of hoftilities mand.

should be common to both parties, and they V. The power from which aid shall be de

should declare war by common accord against manded, shall, in like' manner, within three

one or more powers, the above limitations months, reckoning from the time the demand

thall not take place, and the two contracting shall be made, furnith eighteen thousand infantry, powers shall act against the common enemy and fix thousand cavalry, with a proportionate with the whole of their forces by sea and land, train of artil ery, to be employed either in Eu

and shall concert plans to direct them against Tope, or for the defence of the colonies, which

the most vulnerable points, either separately or the contracting powers potsess in the Gulf of together. They oblige themselves, allo, in this Mexico.

cafe, to treat of peace only by common accord, VI. The power making the demand thall that each may obtain true and proper satishave permission to send one or more commif- faction. foners to ascertain whether the power on which

XIV. In case one power should act as auxili. the demand is mase is taking the necessary ary, the power which shall have been attacked measures to have the ftipulated land or nasal may treat of peace separately, but in a manner fusce ready by the time prescribed.

5

that

1796.]
Political Affairs.-France.

665 that nzt only no prejudice may result to the ments, seemed to be meditating: and auxiliary power, but even that the treaty may the same day, general Moreau arrived turn, as much as p llible, to its direct advantage. in great force, opposite the centre of the For this purpose the auxiliary power Thall have archduke's extensive line. knowledge of the manner and time agreed up

On the roth of August, the French on for opening and carrying on the negoti- marched a strong part of their first line ation.

into the woods in their front, where XV. A treaty of commerce shall be concluded, upon a footing the most equitable and they established themselves firmly, and mutually advantageous, which shall ensure to

the same evening about fix o'clock, at, cach, with its ally, a marked preference for tacked general Hotze's left, at Eglingen, the produce of its foil and manufictures, or at

and Amerdingen, with great imperuotity; lealt advantages equal to those which the most they defeated and drove back his advanc: favoured nations enjoy. The two powers en- ed potts, but they did not interrupt the gage, from this time, to make common cause attack which the archduke intended in order to repress and annihilate the maxims making upon them the next morning. (adapted by wnatever other country) inimical All the dispositions for this premeditated to thei: principles, to the recurity of the neutral' attack of the Austrians upon the French, fag, and to th: rufp:ct which is due to it, as

were egularly made, and the columns well to restavlich the colonial system of Spain upon the wing on which it existed, or ought brcak. A mi ft violent form, however,

were ordered to advance just before dayto have existed, according to forn er treaties. XVI. Th capacity and jurifdiction or con

which lasted several hours, rendered the fuls shall be 1 ttled andregulated by a particular night to extremely dark, and the roads agre ment, till which ime they inall remain so bad, that the roops and artillery were upon their present footing.

above douile the time they would othera XVII. To avoid all disputes between the two wise have been in performing their power, they hall occupy themselves, without movements, and the attack was necessa. de lay, with the explanation and ascertaining the rily deferred till leven o'clock. This 9th article of the treaty of Balle, conce ning the enabled the French to di cover the whole frontiers, acc rding to the in ructior, lans, plan, and to prepare for their defence. and memorials, which thall be communicated through the medium of the ame plenipotenti- the archduke of the advantage of sur

Though this circumstance deprived aries who negotiate this treaty. XVIII. England being the only power a

prise, he yet persevered in his resolution

to attack. The three columns of the gainst which Sp. in has direct complaints, the present alliance fhall take effect only against

centre made fome imprellion upon the her during the present war, and Spain ihali re

French, but the column that marched main neuter with respect to other powers armed towards Umenheim, finding itfelf taken against the repui lic.

in flank by general Moreau's reserve, XIX. The ratifications of the present treaty which advanced for that purpose as shall be exchanged in one month from its fig- foon as the affair commenced, was obliged nature.

to retire.

This laid general Hotze's Done at Ildephonso, 2 Fructidor (Aug; right Aank open, and forced him also to

19) 4th year of the Republic, one and fall back to the position of Forcheim, indivisible, (Signed) PERIGNON.

whence he had marched in the morning. PRINCE DE LA Paix. At the time the archduke was making In our last account of the military his difpofitions for strengthening and affairs of France, we left the forces under bringing forward his right again, 'he general Moreau, puri uing the archduke received a report from general Warten, on his retreat along the great roads of fleben, purporting, that he was obliged Gmund and Goeppingen. On the 8th to retire to Amberg; and that a column of August, the French attacked the of general Jourdan's army had already Auftrian out-posts of general Hotze and arrived at Nuremberg, for the purpoie Ricle, and drove them in. On the oth of co-operating immediately with geneof August, the prince of Condé was ra! Moreau. Upon this information, defeated, and the emigrants under his the archduke suspended his attack--The command luffered leverely; he was lots was considerable on both sides; but obliged to retire to Mindenheim, on the the archduke had the additional mortifi. Midel, and general Wolf into the de- cation of seeing his projected plan comfile of Bergentz. General Wartenileben pletely frustrated. at this time reported, that his pofition General Moreau profited by the large was so bad, as to render it highly impru- detachment, which had been drawn from dent for him to wait the attack which the Austrian arıny, oppołed to him; he genera! Jourdan, from his late moye, immediately determined to make a dia

yersion,

to

version, hy attacking the Austrians under Munich, lince from the 30th of August. general La Tour, encamped at Friedberg, his vanguard had occupied Munich and and wading the Lech at a place where it Vertameening. In taking this potition, was fordable.

the 4th of dragoons had charged with The left wing of Moreau's army the greatest bravery the cavalry of the passed this river first, at a ford unknown Austrian vanguard, and had pursued to the Austrians, and which they had them nearly as far as the Iser, taking consequently neglected to guard, opposite from them so horses, and as many men. to Hauftetren; the volunteers were above At the moment when these attacks their middle in water, and carried their commenced, the Austrians, who had musquets on their heads. The current marched all night, attacked at day-break was lo rapid, that the first who advanced the out-posts of the left wing of the. were almost entirely hurried away, but French. They refiited fufficiently were afterwards relieved. The French allow the troops who had marched totroops took poffeffion of Kulling, and wards Ingoldstadt, to return.

They gained the heights which lead to Ott- left there only the body of flankers, unmoring, on the left flank of the Auf- der the command of general Delmas, trians, who, with their artillery and who was attacked the same instant, but infantry, covered all the river opposite succeeded in repulsing the Austrians. the centre of the French army. Gencral The vanguard fell back in good order, St. Cyr began the attack, by a discharge as far as Hangenbrugh, and the chapel from the artillery and musquetry; which, St. Garll. The troops of the main body. drawing on that of the Austrians, and and the reserve being placed there, they even diminishing it fenfibly, allowed the checked the efforts.of the Auftrians. other part of the French forces to pais The Austrian cavalry, notwithitanding the river, to the right and left of Loch- the dreadful havoc made among them by harsien, which village was instantly the French artillery, charged the French attacked; the Austrians loft five pieces batteries with light artillery, which conof cannon, and were chased from the tinued their fire with the greatest coolhamlet near the other bridge. The ness, though they were not above 25 French then forced the bridge, which paces distant. the Austrians had fortified with artillery, The French charged this cavalry in and attacked the position of Friedberg. front and flank with great bravery; a

The advanced guard on the right, part of them was driven into a marih, commanded by general Abattucci, moved and about 100 horses were taken. Anto the left on the great road of Munich, other was obliged to pass under the fire in order to cut off that retreat. General of a battalion-another Frinch battalion Ferrino and general St. Cyr, with the then attacked the heights of the chapel semainder of the French forces, hemmed St. Garll. diflodged the Austrians, and the Austrians in on all fides, and put obliged them to retire (in which they them to the route. The division of were favoured by the night) with only general Ferrino, pursued as far as Rhine- the loss of 500 prisoners, but leaving the thal. General Vandamme pursued to field of battle covered with men and pear the valley of La Ser: from 5500 to horses, as well as the route they had 2600 prisoners were taken, and forty takın. Their lofs, in killed, wounded, officers, of whom three were of superior and prisoners, was estimated at 1800 rank; the fatigue of the men and horses men. put an end to the pursuit. The French This body belonged to the army of troops took polieflion of Munich on the general Wartensleben, which the arch26th of Auguft.

duke had lent to stop the progress of the After the French had passed the French in that quarter; and from this Lech, the reconnoitring parties informed circumstance, general Moreau hoped general Moreau, that ihe Auftrians pof- that the army under general Jourdan tefied the bridge of Ingoldstadt, and had would easily resume the offensive. The a strong garrison in the town. On the French troops, though inferior in numfirst of September, the French general ber, were reported by their commander Desaix had orders to attack the head of to h ve performed prodigiis of valour. the bridge of Ingoldstadt, and force the On the 2d of September, general Auftrians to cut down the bridge : gcnc- Moreau took up his head quarters at ral St. Cyr was ordered to push his out- Caffenhotien, where he took 40,009 posts, to hamper and reconnoitre Frefing: facks of grain, hay, straw, and the general Ferino was ordered to approach oyens of the Austrians.

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