Gambar halaman

Sept. 7.

611 1795.]

Talents of Women equal to Men.
E-yw-a-vu, he is that was.

Power and Influence of the Female Sex,
Je-yw-ve, that is is he, &c.

from the fall of Adam to the present Many remarks might be made, to give time.” It is the pitifui jealousy and envy a clearer view of the above comparisons, of men which has deprived the sex of the bat I must conclude for the present.

honours due to thein in history ; and likcYour's, &c.

wise some part of the concealment of MEIRION. their influence, arises from the brevity of

histories, their authors taking a superfi

cial view of events, and seldom troub. To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine.

ling themselves to investigate the secret

fprings of human action; whereas, if SIR,

we will only examine into the minute LE CERTAIN persons have for some time particulars of great events, the secret in

paft been carrying on a dispute re- trigues of courts, kings and mir.isters, faire

specting the TALENTS of women, and or even of republics, we shall always find the dispute I perceive has found its way that the women have had a great share

intu your Miscellany. I believe, fir, in bringing about political changes, wars, 7

the question might be soon fertled to the treaties, negociations, &c. although they,

satisfaction of all parties, if we were first from modesty probably, content them. 1994 to agree in what is meant, or should be felves with acting unfeen and unobserved,

meant, by the word talents. Hitherto, if and the men, proud of the success of the 1894. I understand the controversy, talents have affair, wish to take all the merit to them.

been understood to mean the power or selves. Now, fir, let me ask you a plain faculty of publishing in prose and verse; question : which of the two is likely to and if we limit it to this, we may easily deserve most fame, and to confer greater decide, that women are inferior to men, renown on the party, the publishing a because there have been probably a thou- poem, or bringing about a revolution in fand male authors for one femalc.

a state or nation, perhaps with a few But, fir, with submiffion, I would words ? which requires greater abilities, beg leave to suggest, that we narrow hu- to govern a kingdom, or to cajole a book man genius and abilities very much, feller? to tickle the fancy of love-fick when we confine them to the bookseller's boys and girls by a novel, or to confound hop. Are not there many very able and stun half the cabinets of Europe, ftatelinen who never write any thing by a bold stroke of invasion, a massacre, but treasury-warrants, and receipts for and a partition ? to write a bailad about their salaries ? Nay, do we not admire a man and woman who never existed, or the vast genius of some members of par- to make the existence of thousands of men liament, whole forte is entirely in speak- and women miserable ? ing, and who, when compelled to draw But this is not all. It is not enough to up an address to their independent con- appeal to the history of ancient and moftituents, coinmit errors that would dif- dern nations, for proofs of the superiority grace a school-boy? In thort, fir, if we of woman over man. This, perhaps, have no other way of judging of a man's is not much in their favour, for a supetalents, but by the quantity he publishes, riority of evil influence is not the present either from the prels or from his mouth, contest, and would not be very honourable are we not giving all the praise to mere if it were established. No, fir, if we faying; and never reflecting, that an ac- 'wish to ascertain the real and meritorious cumulation of words, without corres- superiority of female talents, we need ponding actions, is to all necessary pur- not consult the voluminous records of poses useless and unprofitable ?

history; we need only bring the quesThis being premised, and, I hope, tion home to ourselves. I thall in:fance allowed, we need dispute no longer about but in one respect, the power of persuasion. the fuperiority of the male sex. The talents This I take to be the great test of geof the fair sex, as to all the great and impor- nius and talents. He who possesses this, tant events of human life, and all the lead- possesses every thing; and yet we know ing transactions of kingdoms and states, that what a man cannot do by whole treahave so far transcended what has been at. tises and volumes, by a well connected tributed to us, that were I to compile a chain of arguments, and the most connew UNIVERSAL History, however vincing calculations, is generally done by I might avail myself of the valuable la- a woman with a linile, a glance of the bours contained in the old, I should cer- eye, or a very few words. Sir, we may tainly entitle it, “ A History of the talk as we please of our vast learning, of MONTHLY MAG. No. VIII.

@R |

4 I

our voluminous productions, of our many establishes the superiority of the fair virtues for which we obtain credit in cpi- sex. Q. E. D. taphs and funeral serinons. But with

I am, sir, your humble servant, what painful efforts do we accomplish the least of our good actions ! and to do a Aug. 27, 1796. PHILOGYNES. great good is the businefs of a long life. What is all our power compared, or, which

To be Editor of tbe Monthly Magazine. is more dangerous, put in competition, with a tear or a fit?

SIR, I repeat it, fir, let us bring the question IN your third Number (page 186.) aphome to ourselves. What is it that con

pears a Letter from a gentleman who ftitutes the felicity of domestic life? Is adopts the signature T. wherein he has it the wealth we have acquired, the house favoured the public with his ideas of the we live in, the equipage that bespcaks manners in which he supposes lime to be our rank, or the servants that bow at our serviceable to vegetation. command ? No, sir, to use an expreflion The writer endeavours to account for of Mr. BURKF, it is “ the dignified the utility of lime in husbandry, by afobedience, and proud submission” we owe luming a principle originating with some and pay to the female sex. Our hearts con- experiments of the late Sir John Pringle, fess that they deserve it, and that we can namely, that lime is a septic and promotive not help paying it, and cannot, therefore, of putrefuction. Whatever merit be athelp acknowledging their fuperiority. tributed to his subsequent reasoning, the When we refuse to pay it, when our principle itself I suspect to be erroneous. minds are in a state of rebellion against The causticity of lime is a quality of those lawful sovereigns, where is it that extensive use in several manufactures: tanwe dare to breathe sentiments of a sedi- ners and fell-mongers employ it to extri. tious tendency? Is it in their presence ? cate the hair and wool from the skins, No, a look, a word awes us into submis- preparatory to their operations; but fion; and when we conceive the thoughts causticity is not putridity, for hair thus of resistance, we fly, like cowards, to separated is usually worked up with lime some secret place, to some neutral ground, into a composition for plaisteriny walls to the desert heath of celibacy, and the and ceilings, and will, in that state, be insulated society of worn-out batchelors, preserved for a great number of years. where we may growl our complaints with Vegetable fubitances are, perhaps, impunity, and talk of resolutions which better preserved when inclosed in limewe have not the courage to carry into mortar, than by any other method. I execution.

have often noticed willow laths, apConscious of the superiority of the fe- parently uninjured, in the partitions of male fex, some have lately questioned old buildings, where they had remained whether they ought not to be admitted fifty or one hundred years : and in some into the employments of civil lifc, for kinds of mortar, in which lime is a prinwhich women seem so admirably fittedj: cipal ingredient, ftraw or chaff is emon this subject I mean, at some future ploved, and thus combined will become occasion, to offer my sentiments. As very durable. women have been adinitted to be QH€€175, In the inanufacture of indigo, limethere surely can be no inferior office to water is used, partly to promote the fewhich they are inadequate. A very emi- paration of the colouring matter, and nent judge lately decided, that a woman partly to prevent its putrefaction whilst might be chosen overseer. The office is drying. but low, indeed, but there have been When, in dying with indigo, the vat queens who perhaps wished, at some pe- is brought in to a tiate of fermentation, riod of their lives, that they had never there is a strong difpofition to putrefacfilled a higher station.

tion, and quick-lime is applied, in proI shall not, however, anticipate what portion to the danger, as a preventative. I have to offer hereafter on this subject. It is well-known also, that eminent My present design was merely to hint, physicians have strongly recommended that great talents are not necessarily ine frequent white-washing the culls of frown by much writing, and that they prisons, the apartments of hospitals, and may be accounted to poffefs the greatcit the chambers of thote who are visited talents who accomplish the greatest pur- with putrid diseases, in order to check potes by few means, which, in my mind, or prevent the effects of putrid effluvia.



1795:] Lime . . . Fallowing, an useless Practice.

From these circumstances, I think Tracts of indifferent land may be found myself justified in doubting the truth of in all large estates, and the wealth of the the principle assumed by your corres- proprietor, or the fund of the society, pondent, T. And am inclined to be- would ultimately be benefited, though lieve quick-lime to be rather anti-putre- an immediate profit could not rationally scent, than septic.

be expected. Quick-lime laid on land must, from Wishing you success in the prosecution its caufticity have some effect, the heat of a work which breathes a liberal spirit, it cominunicates during the operation of and promises literary entertainment and faking, may probably destroy a con- extended utility, I am, fir, fiderable number of insects, and by in

Your obedient humble servant, creasing the warmth of the foil may pro

Bab, 27 Aug.1796.

T. P. mote vegetation, and hasten the evaporation of redundant moisture : but these effects can only be temporary: when com- For the Editor of the Monthly Magazine pletely slaked, lime is reduced to an impalpable powder undistinguishable from SIR, pulverized lime-stone uncalcined. It is I AM pleased to see the subject of Agriin this state, I presume, that its per

culture introduced into


Mifcelmanent utility is most obvious, and thus lany, and if you think the following obemployed it adds to the quantity of the servations worth your insertion, they are foil, and by being intimately mixed with at your service. it, lessens its tenacity, and prevents its In the practice of the old fyftem of consolidating into a mass impenetrable to husbandry, there is nothing more injurithe roots of vegetables; and whatever ous to the public, or detrimental to the be its chemical qualities or combinations, farmer, than that of fallowing land for a the ultimate effects will, I believe, be crop. The loss of produce to the cointhe same.

munity from this cause is prodigious ; it Gravel, fand, gypsum, the ashes of is, therefore, well worth the attention of foisil coal, and the Icrapings of the roads, the better inf rmed husbandman and are I suppose nearly similar in the man- the philanthropist to remove it. Our ner of their operation. In stiff lands they benevolent Creator has so bountifully are of use in loosening the clods, and provided for our fuitenance, that the thereby allowing the roots to extend fructifying powers of the earth would themselves with less difficulty:

never be wearied of yielding its increase, The great object with the farmer if men were rational and industrious in the should be, to bring his land as much as application of proper means to obtain it. possible into the state of a well-managed by the hoe we prevent the in ruding garden. The gardener gives the earth weeds from robbing the growing plants of nu rest, his fpade and hoe keep it in al. their food, and preserve the inv gorating most perpetual motion, and he replenishes quality of the soil from being exhausted. it occasionally from his melon and cu- To those persons who plead for the cumber beds, with stable manure nearly necessity of a fallow, in order to clear or completely rotten.

land from couch-grass, and other weeds, Laboured disquisitions on the organiz- I would say, it is : he plea of indolence; ation of vegetables, or the chemical pro- as the whole benefit they wish for may perties of soil and manure, are a very be obtained without the loss of a crop, by rational employment for persons of pro- industry and a small expence.-I speak perty, science, and leisure; but the prac- from experience : the proper managetical farmer may safely advance in im- ment lies in skillfully appropriating the provement by 'imita ing the gardener land for such a produce as will only ocas closely as circumstances will allow, and cupy it such a space of time as not to imleave curious speculation to those who pede the necessary work of cleaning it. are qualified for it, and who cannot be Last year, I took in hand from a teessentially injured by the failure of ex- nant, a field of sevenacres, after a wretched periments.

crop of wheat : this land was covered Noblemen and gentlemen of large with couch grass and wild oats : the landed property, and the agricultural foil was of a deep loam.--As soon as the societies establihed in different parts of fcanty crop was cleared, I mowed the the nation, cannot adopt any method so stubble, and ploughed it lightly. This I likely to be beneficial to the country, as repeated at four different intervals each the appropriation of a quantity of land ploughing being deeper than the former, to the fole purpose of experiment. taking care to keep open every furrow

4 I 2



for the discharge of the water. The there, and Mrs. Chatterton herself plough was followed by the loaded long- taught children read and sew, tined harrows, the roll, the lighter When such is the place and such the harrows, and last of all by eight women inhabitants, we cannot easily conceive who picked up what couch visibly re- PEACE fitting in Pile-street. mained.

In his dress, Chatterton had none of But that I might more effectually per- the carelessness by which genius is so of, form the operation of cleaning the land ten so dirtily diftinguished At that peby renewing the same labour as before- riod laced cloaths were worn and he was mentioned in the course of the summer, I fond of appearing in a showy, fuit. It is cropped it the 12 of March with the early strange that men of genius should fo fredwarf garden pea, which were set nearly quently wish to render themfelves finone buihel to an acre by line. The crop gular by their appearance, either by be, was a very good one, which were taken coming sovens, or, like Chatterton and to the barn for feed on the 15th of July Gray, by affečting the opposite extreme. last. Having provided a dressing of lime The field has been so oiten and so com and manure at hand, I loft no time in pleted gleaned, that no new anecdotes of preparing the land for turnips, and I this strange young man can now bc exhave now as promising an appearance of pected. A complete edition of what. them as any of my neighbours who suf- ever he left, either under his own name fered such a crop as I have described to or that of Rowley, is still to be desired, escape them, and which they might have His unpublished pieces are in the hands obtained without the least diminution of of Mr. CATCOTT, of Bristol, on whom thc means of destroying weeds, or in. Chatterton has reflected a celebrity jury to the foil.

which he would otherwise have fought At some future time, I will give you in vain, either under ground or on the the particulars of my expences, and top of a church-steeple. Some of thelo the value of the crop of peas, that a should be preterved. To publish them judgment may be formed of this kind of without submitting them to the pruning husbandry. If land is freed from weeds knife would be to injure the reputation by the means I have pointed out, and it of the author and to insult the decency had the benefit of (what is always ap

of the reader. Some beautiful poems, plied to a fallow in this neighbourhood) (not contained in the editions of Rowicy,)

good dretling of inanure, ---I am per- are in Mr. BARRET'S History of Bristol suaded the fame advantages would arise, and they appear amid that dull comas is obtained by permitting it to remain pilation, like a few stars in a dark night, useless and unemployed.

These pieces, with the published poems I wish to see this useless practice, of Chatterton, and his contributions ta as well as that of neglecting to plough the magazine of the day, if co!lected into up stubbles immediately after

a crop,

a volume with his life, would form an discouraged, and shall be happy to see acceptable present to the public. Suba contrary practice recommended by foine fcriptions have been proposed for erectmore able pen than that of

ing him a monument; surely this would Your humble servant, be the noblest? Worcester, hire.

J. S.
Brišiol, Sept. 3;

B. Aug. 25, 1796.

For the Monthly Magazine.
To the Editor of the Montbly Magazine.

IF Mr. COLERIDGE had ever made a

THE reader is supposed to have taken

down his Horace, and turned to the pilgrimage to the birth-place of Chat

third ode of the third book : its object is terton, he would never have inserted these lines in his beautiful Monody- entertained of transferring the seat of

to dissuade Augustus against a scheme he the only one that has yet done honour empire from Rome to Troy: to the subject:

1. It is immediately obvious that the Thy native cot the Aalh'd upon thy view, four first quatrains are wholly discón“ Thy native cot, where fill at close of day ncêted with the rest of the poem, and * PEACE smiling, Catmand listened to thy lay."

* Alluding to his descent into Penpark-hole, The streer is as close and filthy as any and his ascent up to the steeple of St. Nicholas in St. Giles's : tlicre is a charity-school Church: fačts well known at Brify!.



1796.) New Translation, &c. of an Ode of Horace. 615 that the sense and grammatical construc- But, in its present form, it terminates distion require a full stop at the end of the agreeably, as if these virtues were to be line

of no use ; whereas, if we suppose,

Horace to go on to the praile of justice Martis equis Acheronta fugit,

and steadiness, and then to represent all 2. No rational poet would begin an

these excellencies as conducting to apo. ode, having for its object to alter a pre- theofis, he will not only have presented conceived intention, by the praise of the a list of virtues proper on such an ocperlevering man-tenacem propofiti visum: cafion to be enforced, but also a lofty such praile tends to defeat the end in motive to practise them. yiew,

On the supposition, then that the sixteen 3. He would not chose this place for lines included between Juftum ac trnaceni, undervaluing the dangers of the Adriatic and Acheroni a fugit, belong at the end of and of the southern storm, to both which the second ode of the third book, I prothe passengers to and from the new feat pose for your insertion, a new translation of empire would often be exposed, when of that ode, whence the reader will be he was endeavouring to throw obstacles better able to judge of its coherence. in the way of the enterprize.

To hardthip, friend, enure thy fon betimes ; 4. He would not describe one of the Send the stout youth with level'd spear to ride heroes, held up as models to be imitated,

At the fierce Parthian foe, by ihe name of the rover vagus Hercules, And in tharp warfare learn where he wilhed to withstand a spirit of To joust with danger, snatch his sleeps abroad, migrating from one place to another : he And bear the narrow dole of penury. would rather have chosen some opposite

Him from the hostile wall epithet of praise.

With anxious measuring eye In the scale of reasons adduced for sup- The royal mother, or the bride, ihail view, posing four stanzas of this ode to have Trembling, leait he whom their rain wishes originally formed no part of it, the first


When gore-fed anger calls and third arę perhaps mere make

To rend the recking ranks, weights, but the second and fourth are

Meet the young lion-tempt the doubtful surely d cisive : besides the ode begins ftrife. worthily with

'Tis sweet and seemly for our land to fall.
Gratum eloquuta confiliantibus

The flying foutítep Death
Junone divis :-

Also attains, nor spares
and forms a complete whole without True Fortitude not only braves the fight

The coward's hamitring, or his branded back. those sixteen lines.

Undaunted, but the camp; II. There four stanzas do not form

Nur heeds a clamorous crew an ode by themselves : for Pollux, Her- At punishment and pai don rafh alike. cales, Bacchus, Quirinus, the instances To those who merit not the Itroke of fate produced of rewarded merit, were by no

She reaches to unbar. means peculiarly remarkable for justice The portals of the sky and steadiness, with the praise of which Pointing no coramon path: on soaring wing this fragment begins, but for military a

She fies the low-lived feast and wine-sprent

floor. chievement in general The praise of

Nor unrewarded goes justice and steadiness may indeed form part of an ode which celebrates their Hence who the Eleusinian pump reveals!

Fidelity's dumb tongue : apotheofis; but cannot form the theme with him beneath the over-hanging roof of it.

I walk not, or abide III Let us now enquire where they With him the treacherous keel: do bulong : let us read them as the con- Least haply in the dome of evil men cluding itanzas of the preceding ode, and A frowning godhead their companions join : observe if they be connected with its Vengeance, tho' lame of foot, subject. That ode beginning

Is sure to overtake.

But the just man secure his course pursues ; Auguftum amici pauperiem pati, Not the fond croud's impe:uous zeal for illy is addressed to the parents of some

No iyrant's marking frown, youths, who were going to serve in the Him would the torm-vext Adriatic surge,

His rooted purpose inakes. army against the Parthians, and contains The Imould'ring lightning hurl’d by Jove's high advice to a young foldier. It recom

hand, mends successively the military virtues of The wreck of shattering worlds, kardinef, courage, fortitude and fidelity. Wifcaring smite.


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