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1796.] Cornwall... South Wales...North Wales... Scotland.

599

NORTH WALES. himself the common necessaries of life, and no medical alsistance; though possessed of about Died ] At Mostyn Hall, Flintshire, Sir 10,000l. his appearance was that of a common Roger Mostyn, bart. M. P. for the county of

Flint; which he had represented in eight parpauper.

At Plymouth, Mr. John Prideaux. Mr. T.. liaments; he was chosen the ninth time the Reynolds, one of the coroners for the county last general election. W. Wynne, esq. of Wern. of Devon.

A shark, nearly fix feet long, was lately The Cornwall Agricultural Society has caught by some gentlemen, in the Clyde, at given notice, that there will be a Ploughing the Fairly roads. While carrying ashore in the match at St. Columb, on Tuesday, Sept. 13, boat, it spawned a young one ; and on opening 1796, for the following premiums :

it, after reaching the shore, twenty-three ).

s. d.

others about thirteen inches each in length, Belt Ploughman 3 3 Driver

6

and all alive, were found in it. Several of Second bet

Driver

them lived some hours afterwards. Another Third best

Driver

6 The drivers not to exceed the age of 16. Shark, of nearly the same size, has been since

'The quantity of linen cloth stamped for sale To the best ploughman, who shall be a parish caught, at the same place. apprentice, 11. 1s.-his driver, a parish appren- in Scotland last year, exceeds the quantity tice, not exceeding the age of 16, 25. 6d.

made in the year 1792, by nearly half a million The ploughing to be in a ley field, as for å

of yards. crop of wheat; ploughs of any description to be admitted; 30 square yards of land (about of Auchmar, to Mirs s. Bartlet. R. Gordon,

Married.] Ai Edinburgh, W. Buchanan, esq. the fifth part of an acre) to be the quantity efq. of Xeres de la Frontera, to Miss L. Rudaligned to each plough, which is to be ploughed yerd, daughter of Major R. R. B. Dundas, in iwo or three split ridges, as the ground efq. of Blair, to Miss E. Spital of Blairlogie. may admit of; two hours allowed for finishing.

At Inverary, Capt. Jolin Campbell, of the The parish apprentices to plough in a separate 3d regi. of Guards; to the Rt. Hon. Lady C. piece of ground by themselves.

Campbell.
Ai a general meeting of the subscribers to

At Forfar, Mr. C. Adam, of Dundee, to the scheme of the Polbrock canal, held in Bod

Miss Ure, daughter of J. U. esq. min, on Tuesday, the gth of August, Sir W.

At Hawkhill, James Gordon jun. esq. of MOLESWORTH in the chair, it was resolved, Craig, to Miss Johnstone, of Alva. that the line of a canal from Guinea-port, in

At Dumfries, L. P. Broome, efq. of the parish of St. Breock, to Stoney-lane and New York, tu Miss B. Nugent, of Richmond, Dünmeer-bridge, in the Parilh of Bodmin, Yorkshire. on the west side of the river Camel, according to a plan and estimate of Mr. Rennie, be ap.. Hepburn, of Cierkington.

John Swinton, jun. esq. of Swinton, to Miss proved of, and adopted by this meeting ; and

Hon. W. Hay Carr, brother to the Earl of that application be made at the next fellion of Errol, to Miss Élist, of Antigua. Parliament, for an act to enable the subscribers

Died.] At Edinburgh, C. Ejmonstone, esq. to carry the fame into effect. And it appear. Lieutenant Governor of Dumbarton Cantic. ing to this meeting, that a branch might be Miss H. Dickiui, daughter of the late Sir R. D. easily made from the line propor.d to Ruthern- T. M. Riddell, of Mount Riddell, eff. only bridge (about half a mile from the line) by son of Sir J. R. bait. which the benefits arisi:g from the canal, in

At Kirkcudbright, in consequence of a fall regard to the carriage of manure, would be

from his hurte, E. M•Cu luch, eiq. of Ardwall. more extended ; Mr. Murray is requested to

At Eartcraigs, John Stewart, esq. Lieutenant survey that branch, and make his report Governor of Blackness Castle. Near Dumfries, thereon.

John Ramalj!on, esq. of Blairhall.

At CampDied.] In St. Stephens in Branuel, 63, belton, Mrs. M. Robertson, wife of Dr. G. R. Mr. P. Pinch.

T: Rutherfsord, efq. of Knowsouth. At SOUTH WALES.

Pollok House, Capt. R. Maxwell, of the roch Died.] Aged 73, the Rev. R. Rogers, rector reg. brother to Sir J. M. bart. Ai Park, Lady of Bryngwyn. Miss E. Price, daughter of J. P. Hiy, relict of Sir Ť. H. bart. At Machany, esq. banker, of Penybont. At Green Giove, the Dowager Viscountess of Strathallan. 62, E. Vaughan, esq. one of his majesty's Nirh Glatinourt, G. Bruce, esy. justices of the peace for Cardiganshire.

At Moffat, Mrs. Duff, reliet of Admiral D. At New Mead, John Davies, efq. one of of Fettereffo, and daughter of the late General his majesty's justices of the peace for Radnor. Abercromby. At Kinghorn, Major A. Ruthera thire. At Ty-Mawr, Mrs. Hughes, relict of ford, late of the 16th reg. of infantry. At J. H. efq. At Penyuan, lieut. A. H. Rees, Stromness, aged 109, James White. At Elging. of the royal navy.

Mrs. Leslie, wife of C. L. esq. At Dun. Mrs. Owen, wife of the Rev. Mr. O. of dee, Mrs. M. Ogilvy, daughter of the late Aberythwith, and lister to Sir T. Bonsall, of Sir D. O, lart. Fronfraith. At Hensol Castle, Mifs Davy, At Edinburgh, Miss Jean Chryftie, daughdaughter of the late major D. At Cardiff, Mr. ter of the late Riglic Rev. H. C. At Loudon T. Powell, of a very ancient family, lineally Cattle, Mrs. Douglas, wife of G.D. esq. descended from Justin ap Gworgant, Lord of Glamorgan.

AGRICULTURE

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AGRICULTURE.

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Montbly Report for Auguft. PERHAPS at 10 period have the opera- fourth weeks of July and Auguft, in the

tions of nature so completely aided present year, has been 675. 8d. and 44s. the industry of the husbandman, as in 6 d. the prefent season. A more abundant In the northern districts, the BARLEY crop, and more favourable weather for and OATS, and Beans, are very far short getting it in, has scarcely been remem- of expectation, though the late warmi bered. It is additionally fortunate for the weather has much affifted them. The public, that our cultivators of the earth, Peas promise to be a better crop. The tempted by the great prices of grain dur- . crops of this grain have proved very full ing the last year, were induced to sow an and luxuriant in the eastern and midland, unusually large proportion of their lands and particularly so in the southern and with wheat. Importations to a very enor

western districts. mous and even ruinous extent have also Since our last, HAY has varied little in taken place, which, with our own super- price in the London markets. The oldabundant produce, can scarcely fail to land hay, to which the rains in the last make Grain far more plentiful than it month proved favourable, made up for has been for many years.

the indifferent crops of rye-grass and Such is the general result of a corre- clovers. The cole-seed and mustard, {pondence of the Conductors of the Month- which is mostly got in, promises to yield ly Magazine through nearly twenty dis- well: the prospect for young cole-seed is tricts of Great Britain: the particular re. generally good, particularly for that forports of single districts, it is believed, will ward sown. not considerably affect it. In all the TURNIPS are, in general, a failing fouthern parts of the island, the harvest crop. The PASTURES are also much is in general over, and the corn has never burnt up, and many places during the been remembered to be got in so quickly, late heats have been very short of water. and so good and abundant. In Scotland, Stock of all kinds ftill, however, conand in the Counties adjoining, the harvest tinue at high prices, and little variation is backward, and the prospect by no means bas yet taken place in any of the fairs or so good. The destructive insect, which markets. In Smithfield, Beef sells now occafioned fo considerable a failure in last (as it did last month) from 35. to 4s. per year's crop, and the blight, a discase which stone, and Mutton from 4s. to 4s. 6d. is likewise fatal, will certainly prevent the The season throughout has proved wheat crop in that part of the island from highly favourable to FALLOWING : inbeing very productive, notwithstanding a deed the grouud never appeared in a betgreater breadth of that crop never before ter itate of culture. covered the country. The white wheats In the wool business, little has been on moist lands have suffered the most; the transacted in the prefent month. The Egyptian red, a species which poslesses prices are in the midland counties from many superior properties in cultivation, 21s. to 2 45. per ton; and in the western, has suffered the least. In this place it Somersethire 30s. to 335. and Wiltshire may be interesting to mention the average 345. to 365. a weight. prices of wheat, in corresponding inonths Hors promise variously. Complaints within the last ten years.

are made in Kent of the thortness of bine, In 1786, July, 37 6. Auzuk, 39

and in Worcestershire of the mould. The 39 8.

whole duty is laid as low as 110,006, that 113 of Worcestershire at 14,000.

Markers In 1796

80
4. 75 .

very dull, and prices stationary. The average in Mark-lane, in the

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In 1792 In 1795

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To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. The imitation of the following lines SIR,

from “ William's Ghost”, is, I think YOUR correspondent, who has with manifest. These are the lines of Leonora : such very superior merit translated

• And where is then thy house and home, the Leonora of BÜRGER, is mistaken

“And where thy bridal bed:” when he calls that ballad wholly original. " 'Tis narrow, filent, chilly, dark, He has observed that many of the ballads « Far hence I rest my head. of the gloomy German are translated with

“ And is there any room for mo, improvements from English originals.- • Wherein that I may creep" Perhaps the story of Lconora was fug. " There's room enough for thee and me, gested by a ballad entitled, “ Tbe Sfjök “ Wherein that we may fleep." Miracle, or a relation of a loung Man, wbo

Compare them with these of the En. a month after his death appeared 10 bis

glish ballad : Sweetheart, and carried ber on bur seback

Now she has kilted her robes of green, bebind him for forty miles, in two bours, and was never seen after but in bis grave.”

A piece below her knee, It is in a collcetion of ballads, printed

And a the live-long winter night

The dead corpse followed the. 1723.

The collection extended to three volumes, each published separately, and

" Is there any room at your head, Willie? is now very rare. In this tale the spirit

“ Or any at your feet?

" Or any room at your fide, Willie, comes at midnight, and the maiden'de.

« Wherein that I may creep?" parts with him.

" There's no room at my head, Margaret, When the was got her love behind,

“ There's no room at my feet; They pass’d as swift as any wind,

“ There's no room at my side, Margaret, That in two hours, or little more

66 My coffin is made io meet.” He brought her to her father's door.

Leonora is in parts equal to any comBut as they did this great hafte make, position I have ever read. The moral He did complain his head did ache,

however is very exceptionable, and they Her handkerchief she then took out, who inay abhor the vindi&tive justice of And tyed the same his head about.

God, will think the punishment of LeoAnd unto him the thus did say,

nora cxceeds her offence. The other “ Thou art as cold as any clay !

ballad of the Parson's Daughter is, in " When we come home a fire we'll have," my opinion, fuperior. The abruptners But little dreamd he went to grave ! of the beginning, and the recurrence to As Bürger is well versed in this branch it at the end are unequalled.

Sepi. 3, 1796.

B. of Engliñ poetry, it is not improbable that this rude but striking tale may have

To the Editor of the Montbly Mazazine. occasioned the sublime ballad of Leonora.

SIR, However this may be, it certainly contradicts a remark that has not unapriy To my remarks on the symptoms of been made upon that Poem, that the dif

progresive desiccation, inferted in ference between a German ghost and an

page 96, of your Magazine, I wish the English one is, that the German rides on

following to be added. horseback, and the English one goes on mer tells us that the island Pharos was a

In the Odyssey (book iv, v. 355) Hofoot. MONTHLY Magi No. VIII.

day's fail from Ægypt, or from the mouth of the Nile. When Ptolemy Philadel- To the Editor of ive Monthly Magazine. phus employed Softrates to construct upon SIR, this folitary rock the most celebrated ON looking oxer thxe Hints on the Pot light-hoate of the ancient world, it was pulation of England and Wales, only seven stadia distant from the main which appeared in the First Number of land. In the time of Cleopatra it was your Magazine, I was rather surprised to already united with the continent, and find our rapid decline in this respectado the road leading to it called the bepajtude. strongly afferted; particularly as the Your's, &c.

writer, who appears to have taken a July 20, 3796.

T. the facts which he produccs in support

of his opinion from Dr. Price's Ellay,

most probably well knew, that the Doc. To the Editor of the Montbly. Magazine.

tor, after a long and minute investigation

of the subjc&, requefted it might be reSIR,

membered, that bis opinion in this inYOU doubtless will learn, with much ítance was by no means a clear and de.

pleasure, that a subscription has been cided convi&tion; and with his usual opened for the relief of the widow and candour allowed, that in continuing to tive young

children of Burns, the Scotch fupport his former arguments, he might Peet. The following gentlemen have probably be influenced too much by a contented to act as trustees for the proper desire to maintain an affertion once dcapplication of the money which may be livercd. chus raised:

From a comparison of the returns of PATRICK MILLER, Efq. of Dalswinton. the surveyors of house and window du. DOCTOR MAXWELL, Dumfries.

tics, it is inferred, that in 87 years the Join LYME, Esq. Dumfries.

number of houses had decreased upwards AMES FERGUSSON, Esq. of Banks. of 360,000, their number in the year ALEXANDER CUNNINGHAM, Eig. Edin- 1777 being 952,734. No evidence is burgh.

brought forward to thew that the popuMr. Nicol, Sookfeller, London.

lation from 1777 to the present time conALEXANDER MUNDELL, Ef. of Robert tinued to decline; but from the destrucStreet, Adelphi, London.

tion of the American and present wars, it There has been already subscribed at is considered as highly probable : during Dumfries, were the Poet resided for the the former, however, the contrary apJast years of his life,

£ 104. pears to have taken place, the total num. At Edinburgh

64 36 ber of houses, according to the report of Subcriptions are received at the houses the surveyors in 1781, being in that of Sir W. FORBES and Co. and MANS- year 1,005,810 ; from which time to the I'IELD, RANtsty, and Co. bankers, and present, the produce of the house and at the shops of the bookfellers in Edin- window duties as little indicate a des burgh; in London, at the shops of Meffrs. crease of habitations, as that of the duties. CADELL and DAVIES, NICOL, ED. affected by consumption do of inhabitants. WARDS, WHITES, PAYNE, JOHNSON, It is frated as the most alarming cirRICHARLSON, HOOKHAM, and Ar- cumstance attending the supposed depoCHES, booksellers ; at Oxford, by Meffrs. pulation, that it has taken place chiefly FLETCHER and Co. and Mr. j. among the poorer class of the people ; but Cooke, bookteliers; at Cambridge, by if the following account of the number Mr. W. H. Luxx, bookseller ; and at of houses excused on account of poverty Glasgow, by Messrs. DUNLOP and Wil- in 1756 and 1781 is correct, they insun, and BrAsH and Reid, booksel- creased during 25 years nearly 10,000 ; lers; and by Mr. MUNDILI, printer to the number being in 17-6—2749755 the University of Glasgow.

1781–284,459. It is to be expected that many of your

The increase of the poor of late years, numerous rcaders will exhibit on this I believe few persons will be inclined to occasion a tribute of their regard to de. doubt; the general increase of the parillz parted genius ; and that an age which in rates, beyond the difference caused by the generai affccts fo much nental liberacity, enhanced value of provisions, feems to will prove it by a bounty that shall csicc- prove it; and the augmentation of the ually serve these distreiled objects. poorer class appears a more natural and

certain effect of the enormous debt which Your's, &c.

depreffes the most useful part of the Sept. 9, 1795. BENEVOLUS. community, than the diminution of our

numbers 4 H 2

I 2

605

SIR,

TH

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1796.] Population. . . Meteorological Phenomena. Bumbers. The generality of any people very much below the natural rate of in. will submit to much inconvenience be- creare in any country, and evinces a fore they are driven to the determination great loss of inhabitants from emigration, of quitting their native country; their var, and other unfavourable circumburchens accumulating gradually, they ftances; for though it appears that of feel the effect without diftinguithing the late years the population both of North cause, and frequently ascribe to adventi- and South Britain has been increasing, it tious circumstances that accelerating rise has certainly beep at a much lower rate in the price of commodities, which is the than in any other countries which have inevitable consequence of a system of ini- been dess engaged in war, and where crcaling taxation. The tendency of our from fubhitence being easier there is more debt, which at present is augmenting encouragement to inarriage, and a great.. with unprecedented rapidity, seems ra- er temptation to induce the natives of ther to be the daily introduction of a other countries to remove thither. The greater disparity between the condimons American States afford au inítance of an of the different classes of tbe community, unprecedented increase of population, by increasing the wealth of the rich, having in the course of 183 years doubled while it diminishes the comforts of the their number more than thirteen tiines. poor;and causing a considerable alteration

Aug. 28.

J. J. G. in their comparative numbers, though that of the whole may remain nearly the fame, or even increase.

To ibe Exditor of the Monthly Magazine. Your Northumbrian correspondent, P. 524, with much propriety; declines -HE observations of M. of Chichester in entering upon the state of the population your number for July, p.462, upon the of the country at large. It is a point, halo round the moon, icd me to the conwhich, except by a general enumeration, fiderations which ended in the following can only be determined from the data queries ; and it occurred to me that when furnished by taxation, produce, or con- he fees those queries, he will find exerfumption ; and the single instance pro- cise for a mind which discovers much duced of the great depopulation of a once genius. confiderable village, though founded on Q: 1. Whether the circle or rings we the actual number of inhabitants at dif- frcquently sec round the Sun and Moon, ferent periods, might be casily opposed are not occafioned by the reficction of the by correct enumerations of many villages circumference of the earth? in York thire and other

parts,

which 2. Whether such reflection is not proprove a very confiderable incrcale. Even duced by that state of our atmosphere this deserted village is reprefented to have which generally precedes rain ? been ncarly in its present state for the On Sunday last, the 21st instant, a last forty years ; and though a more ex- very large ring was seen for a confidertensive enquiry might have discovered a abic time round the sun. The ky was few similar inítances, I apprehend inauy car at its first appearance; in the evenmore would have been found that for ing, clouds appcared in the S. and S. E. fome years past have becil, and still are, to S. W. by S. Yesterday, clouds from gradually increasing in numbers, though E. and N. E. lowered confiderably, and perhaps at the same time incrcaling in this morning at three the whole atmopoverty.

sphere was orcrcafi, and fo.continues now Of 606 parishes described in Sir John at nine A. M. Sinclair's Statistical Account of Scotland, Aug. 23, 1796.

ORIEX'S. there are many in which the inhabitants are much less numerous than formerly, notwithstanding which there has been

For tbe Monibly Magazine. upon the whole a very coosiderable in

SIR, Preafe. In 1755 they contained 884.98: I AM a Country Gentleman, and enjoy inhabitants,; and by accounts taken be- an estate in Northamptonshire, which

the years 1790 and 1793. they formerly enabled its polleffors to assume amounted to 1,108,522 ; so that the in- some degree of consuquenc in the councrease of some places had not only coun- try; but which, for leveral generations, teracted the depopulation of others, byt has been growing less, only because it produced an augmentation of 22 3,541 in- has not grown bigger. I mean, that habitants, or about 6000 per annum.- though I have not yet been obliged to This, however, it must be observed, is mortgage my land, or fell my timber its

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