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1796.] Cornwall...South Wales... North Wales... Scotland.

599 himself the common necessaries of life, and no medical allistance; though possessed of about Died ) At Mostyn Hall, Flintshire, Sir 10,000l. his appearance was that of a common Roger Mostyn, bart. M. P. for the county of

Flint; which he had represented in eight parpauper,

At Plymouth, Mr. John Prideaux. Mr. T., liaments; he was chosen the ninth time the Reynolds, one of the coroners for the county last general election. W. Wynne, esq. of Wern. of Devon.

SCOTLAND.
CORNWALL.

A shark, nearly six feet long, was lately The Cornwall Agricultural Society has

caught by some gentlemen, in the Clyde, at given notice, that there will be a Ploughing the Fairly roads. While carrying ashore in the march at St. Columb, on Tuesday, Sept. 13, boat, it spawned a young one ; and on opening 1796, for the following premiums : 1.

it, after reaching the shore, twenty-three d.

others about thirteen inches each in length, Best Ploughman 3 3 Driver

6

and all alive, were found in it. Several of Second beft

Driver

5

them lived some hours afterwards. Another Third beft I Driver

6 The drivers not to exceed the age of 16. hark, of nearly the same size, has been fince apprentice, il. 15.-rhis driver, a parish appren, in Scotland last year, excceds the quantity To the best ploughman, who shall be a parith caught, at the same place.

The quantity of linen cloth ftamped for sale tice, not exceeding the age of 16, 25. 60.

made in the year 1792, by nearly half a million The ploughing to be in a ley field, as for a

of yards. crop of wheat; ploughs of any description to be admitted; 30 square yards of land (about of Auchmar, to Miss S. Bartlet. R. Gordon,

Married.] At Edinburgh, W. Buchanan, esq. the fifth part of an acre) to be the quantity asigned to each plough, which is to be ploughed eq. of Xeres de la Frontera, to Miss L. Rud

yerd, daughter of Major R. R. B. Dundas, in iwo or three split ridges, as the ground efq. of Biair, to Miss É. Spital of Blairlogie. may admit of; two hours allowed for finishing. The parish apprentices to plough in a separate 3d regt. of Guards, to the Rt. Hon. Lady C.

Ac Inverary, Capt. John Campbell, of the piece of ground by themselves.

Campbell. Ai a general meeting of the subscribers to

At Forfar, Mr. C. Adam, of Dundee, to the scheme of the Polbrock canal, held in Bud, Miss Ure, daughter of ļ. U. esq. min, on Tuesday, the gth of August, Sir W. MOLESWORTH in the chair, it was resolved, Craig, to Miss Johastone, of Alva.

Ac Hawkhill, James Gordon jun. esq. of that the line of a canal from Guinea-port, in the parish of St. Breock, to Stoney-lane and New York, to Miss B. Nugent, of Richmond,

At Dumfries, L. P. Broome, esq. of Dunmeer-bridge,

the Parish of Bodmin, Yorkshire. on the west side of the river Camel, according to a plan and estimate of Mr. Rennie, be ap; Hepburn, of Cierkington.

John Swinton, jun, efq. of Swinton, to Mifs proved of, and adopted by this meeting ; and that application be made at the next fellion of Errol, to Miss Eliot, of Antigua.

Hon. W. Hay Carr, brother to the Earl of Parliament, for an act to enable the subfcribers to carry the same into effect. And it appear. Lieutenant Governor of Dumbarton Calli.

Died.] At Edinburgh, C. Ejmonstone, esq. big to this meeting, that a branch might be Mifs H. Dickion, daughter of the lare Sir R. D. easily made from the line propol. d to Ruthern

T. M. Riddell, of Mount Riddell, elj. only bridge (about half a mile from the line) by son of Sir J. R. bait. which the benefits arising from the canal, in

At Kirkcudbright, in consequence of a fall regard to the carriage of manure, would be

from his hurle, E. MI•Cu luch, eiq. of Ardwall. more extended ; Mr. Murray is requested to survey that branch, and make his report Governor of Blackness Castle. Near Dumfries,

At Eartcraigs, John Stewart, esq. Lieutenant thereon.

John Ranaldion, esq. of Blairhall. At CampDied.] In St. Stephens in Branuel, 63, belton, Mrs. M. Roberison, wife of Dr. G. R. Mr. P. Pinch.

T. Rutherfuord, esq. of Knowsouth. At

Pollok House, Capt. R. Maxwell, of the roch Died.] Aged 73, the Rev. R. Rogers, rector reg. brother to Sir J. M. bart. Ai Park, Lady of Bryngwyn. Miss E. Price, daughter of J. P. Hiy, relict of Sir Ť. H. bart. At Machany, efq. banker, of Penybunt. At Green Giove, the Dowager Viscountess of Strathallan. 62, E. Vaughan, esq. one of his maj-1ty's Nirh Glaslinourt, G. Bruce, esz. justices of the peace for Cardiganshire.

At Moffat, Mrs. Duff, relict of Admiral D. At New Mead, John Davies, esq. one of of Fetteresso, and daughter of the late General his majesty's justices of the peace for Radnor. Abercromby. At Kinghorn, Major A. Ruthera thire. At Ty-Mawr, Mrs. Hughes, relict of ford, late of the '16th reg. of infantry. At J. H. esq. At Penyuan, lieut. A. H. Rees, Stromness, aged 109, James White. At Elging.

Mrs. Lenie, wife of C. L. eiq. At DunMrs. Owen, wife of the Rev. Mr. O, of dee, Mrs. M. Ogilvy, daughter of the late Aberythwith, and fifter to Sir T. Bonsall, of Sir D. O, lart. Frɔnfraith. At Hensol Castle, Miss Davy, At Edinburgh, Miss Jean Chrystie, daughdaughter of the late major D. At Cardiff, Mr. ter of the late Right Rev. H. C. At Loudon T. Powell, of a very ancient family, lineally Catle, Mrs. Douglas, wife of G.D. esq. descended from Justin ap Gworgant, Lord of Glamorgan,

AGRICULTURE

SOUTH WALES.

At

of the royal navy.

AGRICULTURE.

PERHAPS

Monthly Report for Auguft. at nio period have the opera- fourth weeks of July and Auguft, in the tions of nature so completely aided present year, has been 675. 8d. and 448. the industry of the husbandman, as in 6 d. the present season. A more abundant In the northern districts, the BARLEY crop, and more favourable weather for and OATS, and Beans, are very far short getting it in, has scarcely been remem- of expectation, though the late warmi bered. It is additionally fortunate for the weather has much affifted them. The public, that our cultivators of the earth, Peas promise to be a better crop. The tempted by the great prices of grain dur- . crops of this grain have proved very ful! ing the last year, were induced to sow an and luxuriant in the eastern and midland, unusually large proportion of their lands and particularly so in the southern and with wheat. Importations to a very enor- western districts. mous and even ruinous extent have also Since our laft, HÁY has varied little in taken place, which, with our own super- price in the London markets. The oldabundant produce, can scarcely fail to land hay, to which the rains in the last make Grain far more plentiful than it month proved favourable, made up for has been for many years.

the indifferent crops of rye-grass and Such is the general result of a corre- clovers. The cole-feed and mustard, spondence of the Conductors of the Month- which is mosly, got in, promises to yield ly Magazine through nearly twenty dif- well: the prospect for young cole-seed is tricts of Great Britain : tlie particular re- generally good, particularly for that forports of single districts, it is believed, will ward sown. not considerably affect it. In all the TURNIPS are, in general, a failing southern parts of the island, the harvest crop. The PASTURES are also much is in general over, and the corn has never burnt up, and many places during the been remembered to be got in so quickly, late heats have been very short of water. and so good and abundant. In Scotland, STOCK of all kinds still, however, conand in the Counties adjoining, the harvest tinue at high prices, and little variation is backward, and the prospect by no means bas yet taken place in any of the fairs or so good. The destructive infect, which markets. In Smithfield, Beef sells now occafioned fo considerable a failure in last (as it did last month) from 3s. to 45. per year's crop, and the blight, a disease which stone, and Mutton from 4s. to 45. Od. is like wise fatal, will certainly prevent the The season throughout has proved wheat crop in that part of the island from highly favourable to FALLOWING : inbeing very productive, notwithstanding a deed the ground never appeared in a betgreater breadth of that crop never before ter ítate of culture. covered the country. The white wheats In the wool business, little has been on moist lands have suffered the most; the transacted in the prefent month. The Egyptian red, a fpecies which poslesses prices are in the midland counties from many fuperior properties in cultivation, 218. to 2 45. per ton; and in the western, has suffered the least. In this place it Somersetshire 30s. to 335. and Wiltshire may be interesting to mention the average 345. to 365. a weight. prices of wheat, in corresponding inonths Hovs promife variously. Complaints within the last ten years.

are made in Kent of the thortness of bine, In 1786, July, 37 6. Auguft, 39 oi and in Worcestershire of the mould. The

39
8.

whole duty is laid as low as 110,000,
42 10

that 93 10.

113
z of Worcestershire at 14:00,0.

Markers 75

very dull, and prices stationary. The average in Mark-lane, in the

In 1792 In 1795 In 1796

80

4.

1

THE

MONTHLY MAGAZINE,

No. VIII.]

SEPTEMBER, 1796.

[Vol. II.

ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS. To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. The imitation of the following lines SIR,

from “ William's Gholt”, is, I think YOUR correspondent, who has with manifest

. These are the lines of Leonora : such very superior merit translated

• And where is then thy house and home, the Leonora of BÜRGER, is mistaken

" And where thy bridal bed?” when he calls that ballad wholly original. “ 'Tis narrow, silent, chilly, dark, He has observed that many of the ballads “ Far hence I rest my head. of the gloomy German are translated with

“ And is there any room for me, improvements from English originals. * Wherein that I may creep?" Perhaps the story of Leonora was fug “ There's room enough for thee and me, gested by a ballad entitled, “ The Suffolk " Wherein that we may sleep." Miracle, or a relation of a loung Man,

who

72

Compare them with these of the Ena month after his death appeared 10 bis sweetbeart, and carried ber on horseback

glish ballad :

Now she has kilted her robes of green, bebind bine for forty miles, in two hours, and was never seen after but in his grave.

A piece below her knee,

And a the live-long winter night It is in a collection of ballads, printed

The dead corpse followed the. 1723. The collection extended to three volumes, each published separately, and

Is there any room at your head, Willie? is now very rare. In this tale the spirit

Or any at your feet?

" Or any room at your side, Willie, comes at midnight, and the maiden de

« Wherein that I may creep?" parts with him.

- There's no room at my head, Margaret, When she was got her love behind,

“ There's no room at my feet; They pass’d as swift as any wind,

“ There's no room at my side, Margaret, That in two hours, or little more

66 My coffin is made to meet.” He brought her to her father's door.

Leonora is in parts equal to any comBut as they did this great hafte make, position I have ever read. The moral He did complain his head did ache,

however is very exceptionable, and they Her handkerchief the then took out, who may abhor the vindi&tive justice of And tyed the same his head about.

God, will think the punishment of Leo

nora exceeds her offence. And unto him she thus did say,

The other " Thou art as cold as any clay!

ballad of the Parson's Daughter is, in " When we come home a fire we'll have," my opinion, superior. The abruptness But little dreamd he went to grave ! of the beginning, and the recurrence to

it at the end are unequalled. As Bürger is well versed in this branch

Sept. 3, 1796.

B. of English poetry, it is not improbable that this rude but striking tale may have

To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. occasioned the sublime ballad of Leonora.

SIR, However this may be, it certainly contradicts a remark that has not unaptly To my remarks on the symptoms of been made upon that Poem, that the dif

progreffive deficcation, inserted in ference between a German ghost and an

page 96, of your Magazine, I wish the English one is, that the German rides on

following to be added. horseback, and the English one goes on

In the Odyssey (book iv, v.355) Hofoot.

mer tells us that the island Pharos was a MONTHLY MAG; No. VIII.

day's fail from Ægypt, or from the mouth

of the Nile. When Ptolemy Philadel To tbe Editor of ibe Monthly Magazine. phus employed Softrates to construct upon SIR, this folitary rock the most celebrated ON looking oxer the Hints of the PC light-house of the ancient world, it was pulation of England and Wales, only seven stadia distant from the main which appeared in the First Number of land. In the time of Cleopatra it was your Magazine, I was rather surprised to already united with the continent, and find our rapid decline in this respectado the road leading to it called the beptuftade. strongly alerted; particularly as the Your's, &c.

writer, who appears to have taken a July 20, 1796.

T. the facts which he produces in support

of his opinion from Dr. Price's Elay,

most probably well knew, that thc Doc. To the Editor of tbe Montbly. Magazine.

tor, after a long and minute investigation

of the subje&t, requested it might be reSIR,

membered, that bis opinion in this inYOU doubtless will learn, with much tance was by no means a clear and de.

pleasure, that a subscription has been cided conviction ; and with his usual opened for the relief of the widow and candour allowed, that in continuing to tive young children of Burns, the Scotch support his former arguments, he might Poet. The following gentlemen have probably be influenced too much by a cunfented to act as trustees for the proper desire to maintain an affertion once deapplication of the money which may be livercd. thus raised:

From a comparison of the returns of PATRICK MILLER, Efq. of Dalswinton.

the surveyors of house and window duDOCTOR MAXWELL, Dumfries.

tics, it is inferred, that in 87 years the JOIN LYME, Esq. Dumfries.

number of honfes had decreased upwards (AMES FERGUSSON, E{q. of Banks. of 360,000, their number in the year

ALEXANDER CUNNINGHAM, Eig. Edin- 1779 being 952,734. No evidence is burgh.

brought forward to thew that the popuMr. NICOL, Bookfeller, London.

lation from 1777 to the pretent time conALEXANDER MUNDELL, Lfq. of Roberte tinued to decline ; but from the destrucStreet, Adelphi, London.

tion of the American and present wars, it There has been already subscribed at is considered as highly probable : during Dumfries, were the Poet resided for the the former, however, the contrary aplast years of his life, £ 104. pears to have taken place, the total num. At Edinburgh

64 16 ber of houses, according to the report of Subscriptions are received at the houses the surveyors in 1781, being in that of Sir W. FORBES and Co. and MANS- year 1,005,810 ; from which time to the I'IELD, RANS.Ay, and Co. bankers, and present, the produce of the house and at the thops of the booksellers in Edin- window duties as little indicate a des burgh; in London, at the shops of Mesfrs. crease of habitations, as that of the duties CADELL and DAVIES, NICOL, ED-, affected by consumption do of inhabitants. WARDS, WHITES, PAYNE, JOHNSON, It is frared as the most alarming cirRICHARESOS, HOOKHADI, and Ar- cumstance attending the fupposed depoCHES, booksellers; at Oxford, by Meffrs. pulation, that it has tak place chicfly FLETCHER and Co. and Mr. 1. among the poorer clafs of the people ; but COOKF, bookfeliers; at Cambridge, by if the following account of the number Mr. W. H. LUNN, bookseller ; and at of houses excused on account of poverty Glasgow, by Meffrs. DUNLOP and WIL in 1756 and 1781 is correct, they inSun, andi Erash and REID, bockfel- creased during 25 years nearly 10,000 ; lers; and by Mr. MUNDILI, printer to the number being in 1756—2749755 the University of Glasgow.

1781–284,459. It is to be expected that many

of
your

The increase of the poor of late years, numerous readers will exhibit on this I believe few persons will be inclined to occasion a tribute of their regard to de. doubt; the general increase of the parilla parted genius ; and that an age which in rates, beyond the difference caused by the generai affects so much mental liberacity, enhanced value of provisions, feems to will prove it by a bounty that shall chicc- prove it; and the augmentation of the ually ferve these distressed objicts. poorer class appears a more natural and

certain effect of the enormous debt which Your's, ác.

depresses the most useful part of the Sept. 9, 1795. BENÈVOLUS. community, than the diminution of our

numbers.

I 2

Aug. 28.

SIR,

7796.] Population. . . Meteorological Phenomena.

405 Bumbers. The generality of any people very much below the natural rate of inwill submit to much inconvenience be- crease in any country, and evinces a fore they are driven to the determination great loss of inhabitants from emigration, of quitting their native country; their war, and other unfavourable circumburthens accumulating gradually, they stances; for though it appears that of feel the effect without ditinguithing the late years the population both of North cause, and frequently ascribe to adventi- and South Britain has been increasing, it tious circumstances that accelerating rise has certainly beep at a much flower rate n the price of commodities, which is the than in any other countries which have inevitable conséquence of a system of itin been lefs engaged in war, and where crcaling taxation. The tendency of our from sublistence being easier there is more debt, which at present is augmenting encouragemunt to inarriage, and a great.. with unprecedented rapidity, seems ra- er temptation to induce the natives of ther to be the daily introduction of a other countries to remove thither. The greater disparity between the condimons American States afford au inítance of an of the different classes of the community, unprecedented increase of population, by increafing the wealth of the rich, having in the course of 180 years doubled while it diminishes the comforts of the their number more than thirteen tiines. poor;and causing a considerable alteration

j. J. G. in their comparative numbers, though that of the whole may remain pearly the fame, or even increale.

To the Editor of the Montbiy Magazine. Your Northumbrian correspondent, P. 524, with much propriety; declines THEobfervations of M. of Chichester in entering upon the state of the population of the country at large. It is a point, halo round the moon, ed ine to the contvhich, except by a general enumeration, fiderations which ended in the following can only be determined from the data queries ; and it occurred to me that wher furnished by taxation, produce, or con

te fees those queries, he will find exerfumption ; and the single instance pro- cisc for a mind which discovers much duced of the great depopulation of a once genius. considerable village, though founded on Q: 1. Whether the circle or rings we the actual number of inhabitants at dif- frequently roui the Sun and Moon, ferent periods, might be casily opposed are not occafioned by the refiuction of the by correct enumerations of many villages circumference of the earth? in Yorkshire and other parts, which

2. Whether such reflection is not proprove a very considerable incrcaic. Even duced by that state of our atmosphere this deserted village is represented to have which generally precedes rain ? been ncarly in its present state for the On Sunday lait, the 21st instant, a Last forty years ; and though a more ex- very large ring was seen for a consider tensive enquiry might have discovered a able time round the sun. The ky was few fi:nilar instances, I apprehend inauy clear at its first appearance; in the evenmore would have been found that for ing, clouds appeared in the S. and S. E. fome years paft have becil, and still are, to S. W. by S. Yesterday, clouds from gradually increasing in numbers, though E. and N. E. lowered confiderably, and perhaps at the same time incrcalog in this morning at thrce the whole atmopoverty.

sphere was overcast, and fo.continues now Of 606 parishes described in Sir John at nine A. M. Sinclair's Statistical Account of Scotland, Aug. 23, 1796.

ORIEX's. there are many in which the inhabitants are much less numerous than formerly, notwithstanding which there has been

For tbe Monibly Magazine. upon the whole a very considerable increase. In 1755 they contained 884,981 I AM a Country Gentleman, and enjoy inhabitants.;

and by accounts taken be- an estate in Northampton hire, which fiveen the years 1790 and 1793. they formerly enabled its poffeffors to assume amounted to 1,108,522 ; so that the in- some degree of consi quenc in the councrease of some places had not only conin. try; but which, for leveral generations, teracted the depopulation of others, but has been growing less, only because it produced an augmentation of 223,541 in- has not grown bigger. I imean, that habitants, or about 6000 per annum.- though I have not yet been obliged to This, however, it must be observed, is mortgage my land, or fell my timber irs

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relative

SIR,

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