« SebelumnyaLanjutkan »
tua, the fiege of which the French had left to Mantua. The French General been obliged to raise. He collected an Massena attacked the Austrians in their army of 25,0co men. The fate of Italy entrenched camp on the 6th of August, was not then decided ; it was fufpended routed them, took twelve pieces of in doubtful scales. Buonaparte haftened cannon and seven hundred prisoners. to Lonado, to ascertain the number of These events obliged General Wurmser troops that he could detach from it; but to abandon the line he had formed along was surprised upon his arrival to receive the Mincio. On the vext day part of a deputation, who had come to fummon the Republican army marched to Ve. the governor to surrender, becaufe, faid rona, where they arrived at ten o'clock this messenger, “it is completely invested, in the evening; but the rear-guard of and cannot be relieved.” From the the Austrians were still at Verona, the pickets of cavalry, the French gene- gates of which were lhut, and the drawral concluded, that different columns bridges drawn up. The French imme. were approaching his principal guard, diately began to force the gates with their and that the road from Brescia to Lo- heavy artillery, and in less than a quarnado was already intercepted at the ter of an hour, they entered the town, bridge of St. Marco.
where they found a quantity of ammuHe was then convinced, that the com- nition and provisions, and made several munication could only be intercepted by hundreds prisoners. the wrecks of the vanquithed divifion, In consequence of these successes, the who having collected after the defeat, French resumed their former positions, were endeavouring to effect a passage.' and the Auftrians fed to the defiles of The conjuncture was extremely embar. the Tyrolese. Faffing. At Lonado, he had not above Thus the Austrian army, which for
1200 men; he ordered the messenger to fix weeks before had menased the invabe brought to him, and made him take fion of Italy, has (to use the words of the bandage off his eyes. “ I told him,” Buonaparte) vanished like a dream, and says Buonaparte, “ibat if his general had Italy, which was threatened with the the effroprery to take the commander-in- greatest disasters, became at once tran. chief of the army of Italy, he had only quil and composed. to advance ; that he ought to know that During the temporary retreat of the I was at Lonado, as every one knew that French, the inhabitants 'of Bologna, the Republican army w-s at thar place ;– Ferrara, and parıicularly those of Milan, that all the general officers belonging to manifested the most determined courage the division should be relponfible for and the most ardent zeal and attachment the personal insult he had been guilty to the cause of the Republic. of towards me : and I assured him that The executive directory of France if his divifion did not in the space of have lately replied to a message from eight minutes lay down their arms, I the council of five hundred relative to wculd not thew mercy to one of them. completing the Military Officers of Ma. The messenger appeared confounded at rine, in which the directory declared finding me there, and in an instant the that nothing had been neglected by whole column laid down their arms them in the great work of the organiIt confifted of 4000 men, two pieces of zation and regeneration of the Marine cannon, and some cavalry. It had come and arsenals of the Republic. from Gavardo, and was endeavouring Defermonde, in the council of five hun. to find a passage to effect their escape.” dred, -made, in the course of the month,
On the 18th, the two armies atracked an interesting report on the contribu. each other with great energy-the French tions and mandats, wherein he observes, were every where victorious, and their That it was fixed by the laws of the fuccefses exceeded their most fanguine 28th Ventose:, and the 14th, and 15th, expectations ; they took eighteen pieces of laft Germinal, that mandats should of cannon and about two thousand pri. not be otherwise confidered than as foners, and drove the remainder of the tallic money, and they were therefore Auftriaos in al directions ; but their received at their nominal value in all troops, harassed by fatigue, could not payments, and in all the offices ; that he pursue them more than three leagues. had pointed out, on the 15th of Ventose General Wurmfer a few days afterwards in speaking of affignats, the advantages collected his troops together, and in- of leaving paper money to its relative trenched himself behind the river Min. value ; notwithstanding this, the Repub cio, near Peschiera, an extended his liç adopted other principles in the la;
585 of the 28th Ventose, and in the other dividuals, the mandats were not allowed laws which followed it. The legisla- to be refused, nor could they be enforced ture thought that the regulation made for more than their relative value, accordin favour of mandats, would have assured ing to the law upon the landed contri. them the nominal value ; but they were bution. disappointed. They then faw the ne
At the close of this important report, celsity of raising contributions, accord- the council of five hundred ordered it to be ing to the relative, and not the nominal printed, and resolved itself into a general value of mandats. They took the wife committee. precaution of not leaving mandats to the On the 28th of July, the inhabitants mercy of stock-jobbing; and in taking of the communes of Marseilles denouncthe common price as the regulation of ed to the council of five hundred the their value, they rendered their condition assassinations committed by the anarchists interesting to all Frenchmen. Having during the last election. It was adoptestablished this rule for the payment of ed upon the motion of Dumolard, that, contributions," why,” said he, “ should before a commission should be named, not the legislature extend it to all other a message be sent to the directory, to transactions, as well between citizen and know, first, what passed at Marseilles citizen, as between citizens and the go- during the last election ? fecondly, what vernment?”
was done to prevent the effusion of hwa He then recommends the modification man blood ? of the laws respecting mandats, and to In the beginning of August, Thibau. keep to their engagement of giving the deau made a report to the council of five national domains to the holders of them. hundred, upon the insurrections which Hc remarks, that all the enemies of li- had taken place in the commune of Mar. berty were anxious to prevent the sale of seilles. Thibaudeau concluded by prothe national domains.-" They delude," poling, to declare null the elections made faid he,“ with promises of loans, and assert at Marseilles by the primary assemblies, that sales by auction would produce more and to charge the directory to provide, abundant resources. But loans are not against the ensuing elections, for the reina to be depended upon till peace shall have statement of the municipal officers, jus. restored confidence, and consolidated pub- rices of the peace, and assessors, who lic credit.” He adds, that it was, no doubt, ought to have been nominated. The desirable that the credit of the mandats council adopted the plan of the resolubore a fairer proportion to the value of tion, and the report was ordered to be their pledge ; but as long as venders printed. are obliged to sell , and he that purchases
In the council of five hundred, on the is subject to suspicion and uneasiness, the 26th of July, Chenier made his report discredit of the object for sale is an un- respecting the festivals of the 14th of avoidable consequence. When uneafiness July, and oth of August; and the counand distrust are removed, mandats will cil resolved,“ that the festivals of the 14th speedily rise in their credit. That man. of July, and the oth of August, Thall be dats had and did serve for the exchange celebrated on those days throughout all of affignars, and that large quantities of the communes of the republic from this the latter were kept in the departments, time forward.” by citizens who intended to employ them
GERMANY. in purchases, and who then' réckoned The progress of the arms of the French on employing the produce of their ex- republic has either compelled or persuaded change; it would be unjust to deprive several princes of the empire, with the them of purchasing on the terms of the duke of Wurtemberg at their head, to law of the 28th Ventose. He then ex- fhake off all dependance upon their tremhorted the council of five hundred to main- bling chief. He has the additional mor. tain that law in all the disposition made tification of deploring in fecret his weak for the alienation of the national domains, compliance with the requests of the British but to reform it in some other respects, minifier, in recommencing hostilities, and also those which followed it, respect- which in a few weeks have deptived hiirto ing the dispositions that refer to the no. of the " garden of Europe," "his poffel. minal value of mandats. He wished them fions in Italy, destroyed or dispersed his to announce to the whole Republic imme. brave troops, and brought the avenging diately, that the law of the 15th Germinal arms of his enemies upon the borders of was no longer permitted to be abused; those territories which have long been the and that in all transactions, between in. residence of his family. MONTHLY MAG. No. VII.
In the beginning of August, the Im- vantages which would attend a quiet fub perial diet at Ratisbon, concluded upon million to the will of his sovereign the fepding advice to the Emperor at Vicana, king of Pruffia; and without mentioning « That the wish, repeatedly manifested, the deposed monarch of Poland, he.conof terminating this ruinous war which is cluded with exhorting them to pledge still prosecuting, by means of an accept themselves by a folemn oath in the face of able peace with France, be again laid be the Divinity. fore his Imperial majesty, and that his
EAST-INDIES. majesty he most seriously and urgently re. The last dispatches from the East-Indies quested to accelerate that desirable object have developed the origin and cause of the by all the means in his power."
mutinous behaviour of the native batta. Besides this advice, it was resulved, to lions, which had created a considerable fead deputations to the French generals. alarm at Calcutta. The circle of Franconia is said to have The public service requiring that troops fent deputies already, to negociate for an should be sent to Malacca by lea, the 15th armistice with the French generals. battalion of feapoys, on a proposition from HOLLAND.
their officers, voluntarily offered themselves The convention of the republic of Hol. to embark ; the proposition was repeated. land, in a late meeting, made some im. to them at three different times, in order portant alterations in matters relating to that they might have full leisure to dea religion. They determined that all the liberate upon it, and form their determiinhabitants of the republic were fçce to nation; and they again repeated their ac. exercise without molestation any mode of quiescence. public worship whatever to which their The British government in India, fenopinions might lead them. That there fible of the prejudice of the Hindoos against hould be no establihed religion in the re- a voyage by fea, and ever attentive to public, that the use of bells in calling per. them, expressed their approbation ar the ions to public worship should be prohibited. zeal of the 15th battalion, in voluntarily
They, allowed Jews to become citizens of undertaking service which was left to their the republic, and empowered them to be. option to accept or decline. Convenient come purchasers of lands in the same man. Thips were prepared for their accommoda. ner as other citizens.
tion, and every precaution was used to
provide wood and water, under the inOn the 9th of July, count Von Hoym, ipectiou of officers and men selected and minister of state to the king of Prullia, at- deputed by the said battalion, to superin. tended at the palace of Warsaw, to re- tend the provisions. ceive the oaths of homage and allegi. After many days, to the astonitment of ance from the delegates of the eftates of government, the battalion, withouț any Poland
reason whatever, retracted the acquiel. In a speech of considerable length, he cence which they had voluntarily and decalled the occasion of their meeting "the liberately given : this was considered as a most momentous to man with regard to desertion of their duty as soldiers; hus his social relations."-"Long has this ex- their subsequent conduct was such as to cellent country,” said he, “ so richly gifted leave them without any title to forgive. by nature, been the theatre of devasta- ness
. They went for many days in a stare tion ; for many years past has this noble of actual outrageous muiny ; and when and brave nation been a prey to anarchy required by colonel Erskine to lay down and desolating confusion.” He attributed their arms, had rhe audacity, ta fire on the the misfortunes of Poland to a passion for 29th battalion, miftaken liberty. He exhorted the Poles For this conduct, the council at Calto look
upon the present situation and con- cutta order it to be declared, that the dition of the Prullian territories, as a spe. 15th battalion of native seapoys has been cimen of the happiness they were about to broken with infumy, and its colours enjoy.
burned, and that their case flould be In a strain of impressive eloquence, he published in the Persian language and enumerated the various blessings and ad. dispersed.
( 589 ) DOMESTIC INCIDENTS,
London, Southwark, &c.
N the 27th ult. the company passing to 16th. About two o'clo, k this morning, a kiro
and from the levee at St. James's were broke out at Mr. Broadwood's, a musical in. much interested by the appearance of five Se- Arumènc-maker, near Golden-square, which poys and two Lafcars; who came over in one of consumed the whole premises, &c. the rice fhips from India. They delivered a 18th. A youth of 13 was this day rescued petition in behalf of themelves and their other from drowning in the New River, by the hu. diftreffed countrymen now in England, praying mane and lionourable exertions of Mr. Rider to be sent kome by the earliest thip: Mr. Dun- printer, of Little Britain, who was accidentally das promised that iheir request hould be com- pasting. The bey had sunk to the bottom, and plied with.
Mr. R. was obliged to dive after him with his At the Surrey assizes, à monftet, of the name clothes on. of Theophilus Bridges; a Button-maker, of A survey of the Thames from Deptford to St. George's Fields, was tried for the wilfu! Gravelend is shortly to take place ; the founde murder of Elizabeth Morik, his apprentice. Ii ings in many places having altered within these appeared that this man liad had seven appten- few months. tices from the guardians of the Asylum ; that 22d. This afternoon an unfortunate affair thefe unfortunate creatures were kept to work took place in the house of the late Mr. Yates, in a confired apartmerit, from 4 in the morning the comedian, at Pimlico, Á Mr. John Yates, 108 and sometimes 10 o'clock in the evening; his nephew, and a Miss Jones, had had a dilo that their meals were altogether insufficient; and pute about the right of poffeffion of the house, tuar inability or neglect was punished with and Mr. Yates having taken a walk into the beating, or deprivation even of their scanty garden, on Monday afternoon, he was bolted meals. A repetition of these punishments was our by Miss Jones. On his return, he endea: supposed to have caused the dcath of the de- voured to force his way through a window intu cealed; but the evidence of a surgcon tendering the house, but being resisted by a friend of Miss the cale düübtful, the jury brought in a ver. Jones's, of the name of Sellers, who tried to diet of Net guilty. A true bill was afrérwards intimidate him with a pistol, a fiuffle ensued, found against this wretch, for a rape ; and he and the pistol gon guff, mortally wounded Mr. remains in custody to take his trial at the next Yates. Mr. Y. died on Tuesday, and on Wedallizes.
nesday night the coroner's jury brought in a On the 29th, one of the powder-mills of verdict of wilful murder against Miss Jones and Hounflow- heath blew up. Four perfons un- hér iwo friends, John Sellers and Richard Footfortunately perished.
ner ; a confederacy being supposed to exist be. The quantity of vidualling stores shipped off tween them. from the Red House, Deptford, in the month of 25th. An inquisition was held on the body June, amounted to 90,000 tons !
of W. F. Carperiter, csq. an American genticAug. 3d. This morning were execured in the man, whu was kiiled in a cucl, in Hyde Park, Old Bailey, John Henry Gadè, for forgery, and on Sund..y morning, with a Mr. Pride, 210ther William Greaves, for burglary, the latter had American. The jury, very judiciously, found a been tried 19 times at the Old Bailey. verdi&t of wilful murder against the parties cone
4th. This day the plao of Mr. G. Dance cerned. for improving the legal quays, and making others Four thousand one hundred and twenty-nine at St. Catherine's, and the Bridge-yard, for the vessels laden with grain have entered the port accommodation of the port of London, were of London fince October lait. In the third week read, and agreed to by the court of common of Auguft alone, there liave been imported council.
20,552 quarters of wheat. 4th. This day a young woman was brough: Marringes in and near London. before alderman Plumer, at Guildhall, charged John Willnow, esą:, fun of T, W, efqs of by her own father with having stripped his Twickenham, to Miss Hodges. lodgings of various articles. The magistrate Mr. Peete, furgeon, of Dartford, to Miss ordered her to the house of correction for one Campbell, daughter of D. C. esq. of the month.
Adelphi. sth. Anotiver powder-mill blew up, at Hat- T. Bainbridge, esg. of Warwick-lane, to Mrs. ton, near Hounflow. No lives were loft. Rowlandson, of Besturd-row.
gth. A curious cřiki 8-ma ch was played at At the Earl of Clanbrassil's, Stanh pe-street, Wilworth, between cleven Greenwich pension- May-fair, C. Cudrington, cíq. of Gloucestera ers with one leg, and eleven others with one to Miss Foley, daughter of the Countess Clan arm. Those with one leg had the first innings, Braffil. and got 93 runs; the one arms in their frit Col. S. Puynia, of the it regiment of life, innings go but 42. On the following murning, gwards, to Mrs. Wtitfield, reli&t of J.W.esqrof the match was played out, and the men with Watford. one leg finally beat those with one arm, by 103 F. Keppel, efq. only fun of the hon, Mrs. K. ruinings.
to Mis Clivs
At St. James's, Joseph Mawbey, esq. fon of At Turnham-Green, ro, W. Lloyd, esq. Sir J. M. bart, to Miss Henchman, daughter of admiral of the white Aag; he died without T. Å esq. of New Burlington-ftreet.
iffue and has left the principal part of his proMr. John Graham, of St. Paul's church-yard, perty to T. Stepney, esq. to Miss Swan, of Egliam.
In New Broad-street, Mr. T. Champion,
Ai Harlow, Essex, 66, Mr. Juhn Wenham,
At St. Pancras, G. H. Leycester, esq. to Miss one of the Diiectors of the East-India Com-
pany. R. H, Kennedy, esq. to Miss Bourke, of In Great Portland-Street, Jer. Watson, efq. Casherton.
In Brook-Itreet, Grosvenor-square, John At Illington, John Hammond, esq. of Trump- Krupp esq. street, to Miss A. Baker.
At Pentonville, Mr. John Redhead, one of Josiah Tarnal, esq. of the Bahamas, to Miss the bridge-maliers of the city of London. Cooper, of Guildford-street.
In Welbeck-Street, Lady St Aubyn, reliet T. N. Paiker, esq. of Worcester, to Miss of the late Sir J. St. A. bart, and the wife of Browne.
John Baker, esq. of Oakes.
In Devonshire-treet, Mrs. March, reliet of
the late J. M. esq. At Little Chelsea, Lady Gordon, wife of Sir In Stratford-place, Miss Cosway, only daughW.G. K. B. By her ladyship's demise, Sir W. ter of R. C. ela. Joles 7000l. a year, as the cítate of Garrington. Mr Josiah Robarts, of Mile-end. Hall, left her by Mr. Phillips, her first husband, Mr. Edmonson, of Warwick-ftreet, heraldgoes to his family.
painter. This unhappy man put an end to In King-street, St. James's, 49, Baron existence on the road near Hampstead, by cutAuguftus de Zaftrow, of the electorate of ting his throat. Hanover.
On the 25th put a period to his existence, by At Shawheld Lodge, near Bromley, whilst shooting himself, Michael Pope, esq. an emion a visit, Joseph Stanley, esq. of Austin-friars; nent merchant, residing in Finsbury-square. and of the house of Gordons and Stanley, Lime. This melancholy catastrophe is said to have been Street.
caused by some unfortunate engagements in the Aç his house in Fludyer-street, Whitehall, corn trade. The coroner's inquest, which sat John Bell, esq. many years first commissioner on the Saturday following, brought in a verdiet for taking care of fick and wounded seamen and of Lunacy. Mr. Pope has left behind him a prisoners of war; and afterwards under-secretary family of nine child en, all of whom being in of state to the late Marquis of Downshire. the house when the fatal deed was committed,
In Albemarle.ftreet, Mrs. E. Adam. of their unhappy situation no words can convey
At his house in Grosvenor-square, W. Drak?, an adequate idea. esq.
On the 25th, Jeremiah Royds, esq. a merRev. Mr. Fielde, M. A. Rector of S:. Anne's, chant, of Bucklesbury. He ihot himselt in Aldersgate-street, and under grammar-master town, after riding the sanje morning from his of Christ's Hofpital.
country residence at Hornsey. Mr. R. was a In Piccadilly, R. Beckford, esq. late M. P. gentleman of opulence, and of the most respect for Leominster.
NORTHUMBERLAND AND DURHAM. through the High-Street, Bridge-ftreet, along FOR
a particular account of the intended the bridge, and to the westward as far as the experimental farm, the scheme of which is Lime-kilns, and to the eastward by the low road so honourable to the intelligent spirit of the to the Land Arch, where a halt was made, and county of Durham, we refer our readers to the grand honours given. On the centre of page 539 of the present number of our Maga- the bridge a very animated oration was
by the Rev. Brother NISFIELD. On Tuesday, Aug. 9. Wearmoạth Bridge, BURDON, Grand Master, allo addrefied the Sunderland, was opened in the most splendid brethren, and expressed his obligations to Bro
PRINCE WILLIAM of Glouces- ther Wilson, the Architect, and to Brother TIR, and Mr. BURDON, M.P. led the pro- Scarth, the Senior Grand Warden, for his ceffon, and were followed by the different or. assistance in the work.
The grand honours ders of Masons from most of the lodges in the were then again repeated, and the bridge was North of England. The procession proceeded; declared by the Grand Mafter to be open, and amidst a concourse of at least 15,000 people, fit for public use. A discharge pf cannon and