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579 America, and to navigate all the lakes which would be granted to the town, and rivers thereof; and also to carry on and gave him two hours for his answer. commerce therein, subject to the regu. At half-past five, admiral Nelson, who lation mentioned in the said treaty :- commanded the expedition by fea, arrived But that fince the making of the treaty on shore. The governor requested a. of 1794, the United States of America longer time. In this interval the British have concluded a treaty of peace and officers took occasion to assure the Turn friendship with several tribes of Indians, can inhabitants that they lhould receive in which it was stipulated, that no per- no injury whatever in their persons or fon could be permitred to reside at any of property. The place surrendered about the towns or hunting camps of the said ten o'clock the same morning. It was Indian tribes as a trader, who should not defended by one hundred pieces of can. be furnished with a licence for that puro non, and garrisoncd by four hundred pose, under the authority of the United regulars, besides militia. States: and as the last-mentioned ftipu. In our last, time permitted us only to lation had excited doubts, whether in its mention incidentally the surrender of the execution it would not interfere with French in the islands of St. Vincent's the due execution of the above recited and Grenada. article of the treaty of 1794; and it The British troops destined to act in being the fincere defire of both parties both those islands, were embarked from to remove all doubts, and to promote St. Lucia, the 3d of June, in two divimutual fatisfaction, they, by their agents, fons: on the 8th, the troops for St. Vinhave agreed to the present explanatory cent disensbarked in Kingston bay, and article, in which it is declared, " That on the gth began their march against the no ftipulations, in any treaty subsequently French posts. On the next day, the concluded by either of the contracting French were attacked in their positions parties, with any other fate or nation, on the Vigie; and, after a very sharp or with any Indian tribe, can be under contest, were driven from their first, stood to derogate in any manner from second, and third redoubts, to their printhe rights and free intercourse of com- cipal poft on the New Vigie. Their merce secured, by the above-recited ar. communication with the Charib country ticle of the treaty of 1794, to the sub- having been cut off, and the Charibs jects of Great Britain, and to the citi- themelves having been forced to retire, zens of the United States, and Indians the French 'Turrendered by capitulation, dwelling on either side the boundary line on the 11th of June, and all their posts aforesaid ; but that all the said persons in the island were to be given up as soon tha'l remain at full liberty freely to pass as possible. and repass, by land or inland navigation, The attack upon the French in Grea into the respective territories and coun- nada was equally successful. On the tries of the contracting parties, on either roth of June, the French commandant, fide of the said boundary line, and Jossey, surrendered the French posts on freely to carry on trade and commerce che island, by capitulation; and on the with each other, according to the ftipu- 19th, the British were in full poffefsion of ations of the said treaty of 1794." every, established poft which the enemy
By intelligence from admiral fir John had in Grenada. 'Fedon, and a few of ervis, commander-in-chief of his Ma- his associates, efcaped into the woods, jesty's ships in the Mediterranean, it ap- after having (it is reported) barbarously pars that, in consequence of the ex- murdered all the white people who were pufion of the English from Leghorn, the prisoners at Morne Quaquo. vieroy of Corsica had ordered an expe- The loss of the British, in the attack diien again ft Porto Ferrajo, belonging on the French in St. Vincent's, was one to the archduke of Tuscany; and that, captain, one ensiyn, four ferjeants, and 35 accordingly, fome Britifh troops were privates, killed ; and one major, five capo lanled at ten o'clock at night, on the tains, four lieutenants, one enlign, 15 fera gth of July, near that town, under the jeants, and 109 privates, wnunded. diretion of captain Stuart, of the Pe- The loss of the Britith in Grenada was terel; after which major Duncan, who not quite so great as in St. Vincent's. commanded them on fore, immediately The French inhabitants of Grenada, marched close to the gate on the weit who, through fear, or compulsion, as fide; and at five o'clock the next morn- fome of them alleged, or through incli. ing; he sent in to the governor the nation, as was generally believed by the victoy's letter, containing the terms English, had jeined the insurgents, came,
after the reduction of the island, to sure hulls, to which the fire of the Glatton render themselves to major-general Nic was principally directed. The enemy, colls, who sent them to the lieutenant- appearing unwilling to renew the engovernor to be tried by the civil power. gagement, drew near shore, and captain After that, a court was formed for trying Trollope and his crew returned with the them; on the 20th of June fifty per- Glatton to Yarmouth Roads, to refit : fons were put to the bar, and in the The loss of men on board the Glattor course of the day the whole hfty were was not considerable. found to be the persons named in the bill of attainder. The judge then pro
France. nounced the dreadful fentence of the In our last account of the military af. law upon the traitors, to be executed the fairs of France, we left general Jourdan next morning at eight o'clock. Accord. in possession of Frankfort. The repub. ingly, on the first of July, fourteen of licans, repulsed the Austrians several them were executed, upon the parade, times before their taking possession of in the town of St. George; the reit were thai city. On the 12th of July, the respited by lieutenant-governor Hous- French 'recommenced their march"; the toun.
right wing passed the mountains, and adWe sincerely hope our countrymen vanced to the plains of the Mein. The may not have carried these executions left wing, after having passed the Nidda, beyond the line of justice and prudence, took a position before Frankfort. On Jest retaliation should be made on the the 13th, the magistrates of the city were part of the French at some future pe- summoned to open the gates. The Aufriod.
trians, who were then in garrison, opposed Captain Trollope, in pursuance of or it, so that the day was passed in deputa ders from admiral Macbride, failed in his tions from the magistrates to the French Majesty's ship Glatton, on the 15th of and Austrian generals : but as the inJuly, for Yarmouth Roads. On the 16th,' habitants seemed disposed to occupy the at one P.M. he observed a squadron, place, the French began to fire with about four or five leagues off Helveot, their artillery at ten o'clock at night. which, on drawing nearer, about seven In a short time one quarter of the towr o'clock, he found to confift of fix frigates, was on fire. The Austrians then thought one of which, the commodore's thip, proper to offer propofitions ; and a capiappeared to mount near fifty guns; two tulation was signed. General Jourdan, others appeared to be of thirty-fix guns, after he had arranged the affairs belorga the other much smaller. When he ing to the capture of Frankfort, (piead
up with the commodore's ship, his forces along the banks of the river (finding them enemies) he ordered him Mein, to prevent the Austrians 'from to strike his colours, which was refused turning the left wing of his army; and with a broadside, and the compliment on the 23d of July, he took a position on was returned by one from the Glatton, the Werem, at Schweinfurt, whence he within twenty yards : after this the ac- had driven the Austrians the preceding tion became general with the cnemy's day, with whom, at that time, he had · squadron, the two headmost of which had had no engagement fince the taking of tacked, and one of the largest had placed Frarkfort, because their light troops herself alongside, and another on the always. Aed at the approach of the weather bow of the Glatton; the stern- French, after a few pistol shots. Since most vessels had placed themselves on the the passage of the Lahn, from 1500 :0 lee quarter and stern; in this manner 2000 deterters had arrived at his heal. they engaged on both lides for a few quarters. On the 26th of July, te minures, with yard arms nearly touching troops of the Republic entered the town one another ; but in less than twenty and citadel of Wurızburg, and also ihe minutes the tremendous firing from the fortress of Kunigstein. They took wo Glarron beat the enemy off on all rides. batelions of the Pince Bishop prisoners, When captain Trolope attempted to and a large quantity of artillery: puth follow thoin. he found his ship so much places surrendered by capitulation on disabled in her rigging as to prevent the terms verv advantageous to the conpurfnit.
querors. When the truips of the Re. The enemy, who appeared the next pub ic Ipread themselves along the Nein, morning in a close line, let med to have they took from the Aiiftrans fuverteen been injured rers diruie in their rigging. baggage waypois, upward, of forty five but they suffered great damage in their boals, laden with oats and hay, valud ac
581 more than a million of_livres, and 4000 however, perceiving his design, effected facks of oats upon the Tauber, which the a precipitate retreat, by the great reads, Auftrians were forced to abandon. of Gmund and Goeppingen. General
The French general, Moreau, was Moreau immediately crossed the Necker also successful on the Upper Rhine ;' and in pursuit of him. he reduced the duke of Wirtemberg to In a fhora time after these movements the necessity of requesting a suspension of the army of the Rhine and the Moof arms, which was granted upon the selle, general Kleber took the command, conditions, that he should furnith the during the indisposition of general Jour. French with 400 horses, several thousand dan, of the army of the Sambre and oxen, four millions of French money, and Meuse. On the third of August, the di. withdraw the troops whom he had fur vision of the army under general Lefe-, nilhed to the coalition for his contingent. bre proceeded from the camp at Belling
After the battle of Etringen, the Aus- haufen to Koenigsberg, by which he trians retired behind Pfortzheim, while was to support his left, but he found no the French made every disposition to at- enemy to oppose him. The division of tack them in that position. The attack general Collaud set out at the same hour was fixed for the 15th of July, but the from Hanelbauch, and directed its march Austrians precipitately evacuated Pfortz. tuwards Zeill; in their progress they heim on the preceding night, and retired came up with a party of 800 horse, behind the Necker. The French gene- which was charged by adjutant-general ral, Moreau, gave orders immediately Ney, who had only 400, men of the for his troops to march after them. 6th regiment of Chasseurs, and 14th of
The first movement of the Austrians, drageons, but by the skill of his manæu. under prince Charles, was made towards vres, and the valour of his troops, he soon Waihingen. General St. Cyr, with roured the Auftrians, and made several the French troops. moved at the same prisoners. They fled in confufion to time behind the Wurm at Weil. The Ebelsbach ; where, supported by a body Auftrians, supposing the plan of the of infantry, they attempted to rally, but French was to gain the Necker before being attacked with impetuofity by the chem, effected their retreat on the 18th light infantry of general Ney, which of July, to Stutgard, by the way of came up at that moment, they were Ludwigsburg General Saint Cyr, im- again completely routed, and driven across mediately marched to Stutgard, came the Mein. The divisions under the ge. up with the advanced guard of the Auf- nerals Grenier and Championet defeat. trians, before that town; and though heed the corps of Austrians with whom had with him only a few bartalions, he they came up in their march, and geneattacked them, and drove them from the ral Bernadotte's division fell in with the rivo. The fame day, the left of the corps of general Kray, which fome days French army marched to Waihingen, and before was encamped at Narfurt, on the the next day to the mouth of the Entz, other side of the Mein, and was much towards Saxhenhausen. On the 18th of superior in force to general Bernadotte, July, general Saint Cyr, attacked the ad- whose fiank was likewise much harassed vanced guard of the Austrians, and after by skirmishing parties of the Austrians. a very brisk engagement, forced them to He, however, attacked every thing which leave the French masters of all the left came before him, overcame every obbank of the Necker. On the same day, stacle, and forced General Kray to aban. general Laranche attacked the Auftriaus don the ground which he had been ore at Ehlangen. The battle was very ob- dered to occupy. Itinately fought; the Austrians were de. On the 4th of August, the different feated, ' with the loss of 800 men, killed divisions of the French army began to and wounded, and 300 made prisoners. push forward towards Rednitz, the The archduke, on the 19th of July, Upper - Mein, and the river Itz. The crossed the Necker, and encamped at Austrians, at the same time, marched fome Pelbach, for the purpose of covering more troops towards Nuremberg, and a corps effe&tually his communication with Ulm. of 10,000 men towards Cobourg. The
On the 22d of July, general Moreau French division soon arrived under the made a movement, the object of which walls of Bambery, the magiftrates of was to pass the Necker, and attack the which addressed an act of submission to archduke in his position. The archduke, general Kleber. In a few hours the
French troops entered and found plenty On the 16th of July, at two in the of provisions and other stores. About morning, 4500 men, from the garrison of this time, the Austrians took a position Mantua, made a sortie, and drove back between Ebermanfodt and Forcheim, all the advanced posts of the French, and and between Forcheim and Hochstedt. advanced within pistol-shot of their batThere general Kleber, on the 7th August, teries, which they attempted to carry ; attacked and drove them from their firft but the French generals, Fierella and positions into the town of Forcheim, d'Allemange, drew up their troops in and out again. The place, which is of order of battle, and, watching a favourconsiderable strength, then surrendered; able opportunity, attacked them, threw and the reward of the victors was 70 them into disorder, and, after an action pieces of brass cannon, and a great quan- of two hours, drove them to the palisades tity of arms and ammunition.
of the town. At the same time, general Cham- A few days afterwards, the French pionet's column attacked general Kray, attacked the right wing of the enemy's on the river Aich, where all the villages entrenched camp, and carried disorder were full of cannon, and of the brave and terror into their ranks. At the same Hungarian infantry. While the Auf- time, they fired red hot balls from their trian general was directing all his atten- batteries, and, in a few minutes after. zion to this column, he was suddenly wards, several buildings in the town disconcerted by a division of cavalry, were in flames. At break of day, the which fell upon his flank. The repub- next morning, the besieged attempted lican generals took advantage of his con- another fally, but were prevented by the fufion, and at last threw him into the intrepidity of the republicans. greatest disorder; but it does not appear On the 18th of July, the French ge. that this procured them any material neral summoned the Austrian commandadvantage, as they took only 100 pri- er of the garrison to surrender ; but the foners.
Austrian replied, “ that the laws of After these. movements, gen. Jourdan honour and duty compelled him to de. being recovered from his indisposition, fend, to the last extremity, the place enresumed the command. After the taking trusted to him." of Bamberg, the French proceeded to Soon after the vigorous sortie made by Nuremberg. They found in the town the garrison of Mantua, the Austrians of Bamberg from fifteen to eighteen were collected in great force under ge. thousand quintals of wheat, and a confi- neral Wurmser, and the victorious Buoderable quantity of oats.
napartc experienced a temporary frown The head-quarters of general Kleber, from fortune, whose smiles he had en. on the 5th of August, were at Bamberg ; joyed in such profufion before. The according to him, the captures made Austrians, on the 29th of July, attacked from the Austrians, by the army of the a division of his army at Salo, on the Sambre and Meuse, in a march of two banks of the lake of Garda, which they months, has been 57 field-pieces, 622 forced, and advanced with great celerity pieces of befieging artillery, more than to Brescia, where, after a vigorous refour thousand muskets, and provisions fiftance, they obliged five companies of and clothes to the amount of two mil- French foldiers to retreat to Cassano; anolions.
ther column of the Imperial troops took The Auftrians on the 29th of July, at- the French posts at Corona, above the rizempted a sortie from Mentz, to the ver Adige ; in consequence of which, amount of 8000 men, by favour of a fog, Buonaparte evacuated Verona, in order and forced the advanced posts of the to concentrate his forces, which he soon French; but as soon as they were per effected, and attacked (the Austrians at ceived, they were driven back by the Lonado and Sało, defeated them, and Tepablican troops under general Mar. touk 600 men, and killed or wounded ceau.
to the amount of 2000. A few days Since the publication of our last num. afterwards, he defeated the Austrians a ber, the career of general Buonaparte, second time at Lonado, and also at Cal. in Italy, has been marked by the moft tiglione and Montechiaro. He made at Signal successes; though, in one instance, these three places, 6000 prisoners, and he appears to have received a check from killed or wounded 2000. He towk thirty the immenfe reinforcements which had pieces of cannon, and two Auftrian gebeen leat to the Austrian general. nerals prisoners.
583 According to the account which the the French lost also three pieces of areita French have given, of the five memorable lery. Buonaparte instantly formed his days in which these successful movements forces into a close column, and while they took place, the loss of the Austrians in advanced to pierce through the Austrians, all of them, was fifteen thousand men made the latrer opened their files for the purprisoners, fix ibousand killed or wounded, pose of surrounding them. This man. feventy pieces of cannon, and one bundred ouvre afforded the French general ar and twenty caravans, for the conveyance assurance of victory, which he soon oba of ammunition and provisions for the tained. Massena contented himself with troops. General Buonaparte himself, in sending ļome riflemen to retard the Aubis detailed account, fiates, that after Atrian wings on their march.
The cothe Austrians had taken Salo and Lona. lumn arrived at Lonado, and forced the do, he (on 13 Thermidor) ordered gene. position. Janot, the aid-de-camp of the ral Sorer to deliver general Guieux at Salo; French general, was ordered to observe and he also ordered general d'Allemagne the motions of the Auftrians. In exe. to attack and retake Lonado at any cuting the command, he fell in with price. Soret succeeded completely in some forces under colonel Bender, whom extricating Guieux at Salo, after having he attacked and wounded, and was about beaten the Austrians, taking two ftand- to take the colonel prisoner, when he ards, two pieces of cannon, and about himself was surrounded. He killed fix 200 prisoners. General Guieux, and men with his own hands, but was at the troops under his command, had re- length overpowered, thrown into a ditch, mained forty-eight hours without bread, and received fix sabre wounds. The continually fighting against their ene- Austrians effected their retreat towards mies.
Salo; but finding that place in the porGeneral d'Allemagne had not time to sellion of the French, this division wan. arrack the Austrians : he was attacked dered through the mountains, and was, himself. An action commenced of the · for the greater part, taken prisoners. most obtinate nature, and which was for During this time, general Angereau atà long time undecided, but he at length tacked Castiglione, took that place, and completely defeated his opponents. The in the course of the day he food several Auftrians left 600 dead upon the field, obstinate actions with the Austrians, who and the French took 600 prisoners. The were double his number; every branch next day general Angereau entered Bref.. of the French troops did their duty, and cia, and found all the magazines which the Austrians on this memorable day the French had left, the Austrians not were completely beaten on all sides. having had tiine to effect their removal. They loit twenty pieces of cannon,
On the 15th, the division of Angereau from 2 to 3000 men killed or wounded, returned to Monte Chiaro. Massena and 4000 prisoners, among whom were took post at Lonado and Pont St. Marco. three generals. General Valette remained at Castiglione, On the 17th (Thermid.) Buonaparte with 1800 men.
He was to defend that ordered general d'Espinay to penetrare important post, and by that means to into the Tyrolele, by the road of Chiere. keep the division of general Wurmler at He had previoully to defeat 5 or 6000 a distance from the French commander of the Austrians, who were at Gavardo. in-chief. But on the 15th (Thermd.) Adjutant-general Herbin had great success, in the evening, general Valette aban- he overthrew two c: the eveiny's battadoned the place, with half his troops lions, whom he found in his way, and only, and came to Monte Chiaro to bring reached as far as St. Oztto. General the alarm, intimating that the rest of d'Allemagne marched to Gavardo, de his division was taken by the Austrians. fcated the Austrians, and made many These brave troops, however, though prisoners : but not being properly supabandoned by their general, made good ported by the whole of his division, he their retreat to Pont St. Marco instantly, was surrounded, and could only effect his and before his division ; for this conduct, retrear by cutting his way through the Valette was suspended from his functions, Auftrians. and was allu accused of want of courage The Austrians were defeated at Ga. at the attack of Corona.
vardo, with confiderable loss. General At break of day on the 16th, both Wurmfer spent the whole of the 17th armies met: the Austrians began the at. in collecting the remains of his army, tack at Lonado. It was fooa lurrounded; in bringing up his reserve, and drawing general Pigeon was made- prisoner, and what reinforcements he could from Man.