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batants. Mr. Wakefield's vehement, late immediate exertions for a reform but classical, eloquence; Mr.

in this particular. It is not surprising, corrotive cauftic; Mr. Thelwall's ener- that the late rapid increase of the public

getic, but not intemperate declamation; burdens should have given birth to proMr. Brown's and Mr. Adair’s strong jects for lightening them. Mr. Benreasoning and smooth urbanity; and the tham has devised a scheme, to the acOld Whig's calın good-sense, and far- .count of which he has given the bold castic poignancy, have united, to give title of “ Supply without Burden, or, uncommon brilliancy and celebrity to this Escheat instead of Taxation,” in which controversy.

it is proposed, that all succession to proPOLITICAL ECONOMY.

perty, vacant through the failure of near The important department of polic relations, should lapse to the public; and TICAL ECONOMY has yielded several Mr. Tremlett has suggested a plan of useful productions. The late scarcity of reverfionary annuities, by which he hopes provision called forth much humanity, to affist the Minister in putting off the and some ingenuity, in fuggesting plans evil day of accompt: but the injurious for alleviating the temporary distresses nature of these projects must prevent of the poor ; and the very important and their adoption. A project of another urgent object of the general amelioration kind, but of more obvious utility, is of their condition has excited conside- started in a publication, entitled, “Conrable share of attention. The First liderations on the practicability of a more Report of a Parliamentary Committee,?? speedy Communication between Great. has informed the public of the advances Britain and India. which have been made towards accumplishing the great national design of cul

Few publications have larely appeared tivating and improving waste lands.

COMMERCIAL subjects. A work, Useful suggestions, concerning the legis. containing much '

mercantile knowledge, lative regulation of agriculture, will be and many practical hints for the regulafound in Mr. Dirom's “ Enquiry into tion of trade, has lately been published, the Corn Laws, and Corn Trade.” . under the affuming title of “ An entire Count Rumford, an Englishman, in the new S, stem of Mercantile Calculation." service of the Elector Palatin'e of Ba- An unsuccessful attempt has been made varia, has distinguilhed himself in the

to supersede the Italian method of bookfirst class of human merit, as a benefac- keeping, in " Jones's English System.” tor to his species. His report, in his Those who are concerned in that facti. $ Essays,” of the improvement which tious kind of merchandise, called stockhe has introduced into the state of the jobbing, may be pleased to be informed, poor, in Munich, must be read with that a useful work on this subject has pleasure, by every friend to humanity, been published, entitled, “ Fairman's A similar report is made of a fix years' Stocks examined and compared.” experiment in pursuit of the fame object, in Mr. Voght's very sensible and inte

Students in Law have been provided resting “ Account of the Management of the Poor in Hamburgh. These works in the Court of Exchequer; A Trea

with a new book of “Reports of Cases gistrates, and by every one who wishes tise on a Suit of Equity," by Mr. Barton, to see the condition of the lower classes drain up on the plan of Boote’s Suit improved. Farther hints, on the same

at Law, and an improved edition of

“ Gilbert's Law of Evidence," by Mr. subject, may be seen in Mr. Townsend's ingenious Differtation on the Poor- Capell Lofft. An ingenious Defence Laws.” Some valuable information, and of the ancient law of the land, has ap

of the Right to, Tythes,” on the ground just ideas, on the subject of penal law, will be met with in the Duke of Lian: peared, which is ascribed to the prefent

Vice-Chancellor of Oxford. court's

Comparative View of Mild and Sanguinary Laws," exhibiting the MEDICINE, CHEMISTRY, &c. good effects of the former, in the eco- In MEDICINE, among the works nomy of the prisons in ' Pennsylvania. . which may be entitled to be distinguished How ineffectual the rigorous system of from common-place medical productions, penal law is in this country, may be seen are, Mr. Adams's ingenious “Observations in “ A Treatise on the Police of the on Morbid Poisons;" Dr. Ruth's “MeMetropolis,” by a Magistraie ; in which, dical Enquiries and Observations ;” Dr. facts are detailed, which ought to stimu- Beddoes's “Considerations on the Medi.





1796.] Agriculture ... Natural Histcry ... Chronology, &c.

485 cinal Use and Production of Factitious Abundant amusement and information of Airs;” Dr. Smyth's “Description of the the same kind will also be found in Mr. Jail- Distemper, and, far above the rett, Ledwich's “ Continuation of Grote's Dr. Darwin's “ Zoonomia," a work, Antiquities of Ireland ;” and in “ Milwhose characters are too numerous, and ceila cous Antiquities,” intended as a merits tou various, to be exhibited in this Continuation of inc Topographuca Briancursory sketch, but which muy certainly nica. The inquintive diver into the depths be pronounced one of the inost important of Asiatic lore, may be much aliifted by productions of the age.-In ANATOMY, Oulcley's “ Persian Misceilany,” a work a splendid and curious work presents it- derigned to facilitate the reading of Perfelf, “ On the Mechanism of the Horle's fian manuscripts; and interspersed with Four.”—The oniy work in CHEMISTRY, curious information. which at present claims vur attention,

CHRONOLOGY. is a very useful “ Dictionary of Che- In CHRONOLOGY, an attempt has mistry," drawn up by the indutrious and been made by Mr. Berham, to improve judicious Mr. Nicholton; unless we add, upon Anderson's “ Royal Genealogies,' Dr. Peart's inaccurate and obscure - At- in a new set of “ Genealogical Tables tack upon the new Antiphlogiitic Doc. of Sovereigns," a work of manifeft trine."--Without having recourse to the utility ; but, from the omission of histopapers of the several philosophical so. rical minutes, merely a dry skeleton. cieties, an account of which would require details too extensive for our limits, In HISTORY, the most importan we find nothing to report on the head of publication hich offers itself to our noNATURAL PHILOSOPHY, but a tice, is Mr. Maurice's History of Hincise, intelligible, and practical “ Intro- doitan. The style of this work is too duction to Spherics and Astronomy.” diffuse and florid; but the information

it contains, collected from sources lately The science of 4GRICULTURE, so im- discovered, or difficult of access, may perfectly understood, has received some entitle the author to liberal patronimprovement from Mr. Kirwan's inge. age. If he discovers, throughout, too imnious treatise “On Manures,” in which patient a desire to find a perfect agreethe several kinds of soil are accurately ment between the Indian and the Hedescribed, and the immediate causes of brew antiquities, the intelligent reader fertility philofophically in veltigated. Some will easily separate the historian's facts useful practical remarks, but without from the speculations of the theologian ; much novelty, will be found in “Essays and, whatever he may be inclined to on Agriculture," a work chiefly adapted think of the latter, will not fail to fet a to the foil and cultivation of Lincoln- juft value on the industrious exertion shire. The monied men may poisibly which has collected and arranged the gather fome useful inforination from Mr. former.--The modern historian will be Harper's “ Observations on the North- furniihed with fome valuable materials American Land-Company.'

towards the History of North America,

from “ Interesting State Papers,” relaTO NATURALISTS, Dr. Babington's tive to that country, lately published. very comprehensive and systematic “Ar- Much light is cast upon the recent affairs rangement of Minerals," will be highly of France, by Mils Williams, in her acceptable : they will also be gratified 5 Letters,” containing sketches of the by the second volume of Lewin's “Syf- French Revolution. In the four last tematic Arrangement of Birds ;” and by volumes she has drawn a dreadful picture " The Naturalist's Calendar," with Obc of the horrors and miseries produced in servations in various Branches of Natu- France by the system of terror; and has ral History, extracted from the papers brought down a series of events, during of the Jate ingenious and accurate Mr. which liberty stood trembling on the White, of Selborne, and judiciously brink of anarchy, to the establishment of arranged by Dr. Aikin. Both the natu- the constitution of 1795. Major Tench's ralist and ANTIQUARY will find much

" Letters written in France,” is an enentertainment in an elegant set of en- tertaining work, in which the present gravings, accompanied with descriptions, manners and dispositions of the French of “Remarkable. Ruins, and Romantic people are delineated with candour and Prospects of North Britain, with An- discrimination. cient Monuments, and fingular subjects

BIOGRAPHY. of Natural History, by Mr. Cordiner.' The most fplendid branch of literary


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history, in the period now under re- poetical productions of this period, both trospection, is unquestionably BIOGRA- in Latin and Italian, are in this work

This department has been en- first presented to the public ; and of these, riched with several very excellent and not a few are translated in exquisitely important works. Mr. Hayley has pre- sweet and harmonious verse, and with a sented the public with an enlarged and peculiar felicity of expression : in short, much improved edition of his “Life of we hazard nothing in asserting, that the Milton :" he has exhibited the personal author of this work has erected for himchara&ter of the poet in new and inte- self a lasting monument of literary fame, resting points of view; and has very At a period, less splendidly distinguished successfully vindicated him from the ob- in this walk of literature, a larger porloquy of former biographers: the work tion of attention might have been drawn is written with sound judgment, correct towards Mr. Anderson's judicious “Retake, and patient good-humour.

view of the Life of Johnson ;” and Dr. Burney has published, "Memoirs towards Mr. Dyer's “ Memoirs of Roof the Life and Writings of Metasta- bert Robinson; in which an original fio,” in which, though the incidents and striking character, masked with ecare few and simple, the reader will be centricity and rudeness, but diftinguished highly gratified with an elegant exhibi- by strong fense and sterling merit, is detion of the character, taste, and fenti- scribed with pleasing fimplicity of sentiments of the poet, presented chiefly in ment and language. Dr. Thompson's his own letters. Lord Sheffield has pub. correct and handsome “ Translation of lished, in two large volumes, very valu. Suetonius,” ought not to be overlooked, able Remains of his friend, the justly ce- nor to be mentioned without commenlebrated author of " The Decline and dation : we wish we could say the same Fall of the Roman Empire.” In his Li- of Dr. Coote's feeble attempt to supply terary Papers, are seen the scholar and that great defideratum in biography, a the man of taste; and, in his Memoirs good " Life of Julius Cæsar.” and Letters, the man, in all the amiable

VCYAGES AND TRAVELS. qualities, and interesting peculiarities of That ever-growing magazine of pubhis personal character. The well-earned lic amusement and information, the lireputation of the historian has not been brary of voyages and TRAVELS, has impaired by permitting him to become lately received several valuable accefhis own biographer.-But the most im- fions.—Mrs. Wollstoncraft's “ Letters portant publication of the period before from Sweden,” &c. though not written us, and one of the most valuable addic with studied elegance, interests the reader tions which have for many years past, in an uncommon degree, by a philofobeen made to the stock of Englith lite- phical turn of thougnt, by bold sketches rature, is Mr. Roscoe's Life of Lorenzo of nature and manners, and, above all, de Medici; a work which was received by strong expreifions of delicate sensiwith such avidity by the public, that the bility.-Mr. Pratt's “Gleanings through whole imprethon was fold within a Wales, Holland, and Westpnalia,” are month from its publication. From very amusing, and will be particularly sources little known, and many of thein acceptable to the sentimental reader; now for the first time brought to light, had the author, however, contined himMr. Roscoe has diligently collected, and self more strictly to facts, the work, if accurately communicared to the public, less entertaining, had been more valu. much information concerning one of the able.-Mr. Murphy, a respectable ar. first characters in the fifteenth century, chitect, has given the public fome new and concerning one of the most import- information, and much entertainment, ant portions of modern history. With mixed with professional details, in his the biographical memoirs, are interwoven " Travels in Portugal,”—Mr. Hearne's many particulars, highly interesting, con- Journey from Prince of Wales's Fort, cerning the recovery of ancient manu- in Hudson's Bay, to the Northern scripts, the revival of letters, the resto- Ocean," though not elegantly written, ration of the fine arts, and the general provides much food for curiosity.--Mr. hiftory of the times. The work is Owen's “ I ravels into different Parts of written with that elegant simplicity, Europe,” are more remarkable for corwhich indicates correctness and refine- rectness of style and fentiment, than for ment of talte ; and, at the same time, variety of entertainment; the reader, bears strong marks of vigorous intellect, through the whole tour, perceives that and superior genius. Many of the his guide is an English clergyman.-Light



1796.] Topography ... Criticism ... Original Poetry.

487 and amusing views of manners are given censure on Mary Queen of Scots, but the in a volume of " Letters from Scandi- conjecture is feebly supported. navia, on the past and prelent State of

ORIGINAL POETRY. the Northern Nations," written with some prolixity, but with feeling and fo named, the last few months have been

OF ORIGINAL POETRY, commonly liberality.

abundantly prolific; but impartial criTOPOGRAPHY.

ticism is obliged to confess, that very few The fine arts have, of late, been very of these numerous productions can be successfully employed in aid of letters, claffed among the legitimate offspring of in several elegant TOPOGRAPHICAL

the Muses. Palling over a long list of works. Useful information, elegant poems, which are, probably, by this time, writing, and a highly finished style of sent in vicum vendentem. tbus et odores, graphical embellishment, are very hap- to the pastry-cooks and chandlers, we pily united in Dr. Aikin's “ History of shall mention, as productions which, the Country round Manchester,” illus- though not deftitute of merit, are yet trated with many plates, at the expence stamped with the characters of 'medioof the publisher, Mr. Stockdale. "The crity : Cole's “ Life of Hubert;" Ath

History of Monmouthshire,” by Mr. burnham's “Elegiac Sonnets;" Courtier's D. Williams, recommends itself to ge

“ Poems;" " The Sea-sick Minstrel ;" neral readers by a force of style, and a

Parson's “ Ode a Boy at Eton;" depth of historical and political research,

* Poetic Trifles," and Harley's “Poems” by no means usual among those dry com- In a higher class of poetical merit pilations, which, for the most part, ap

we are inclined to rank Knight's “ Di. pear under the title of County Hiitories. dactic Poem on the Progreis. of Civil It is fplendedly adorned with views, ex- Society," which, though in some parts ecured by the Rev. Mr. Gardnor, in diffuse and languid, in others discovers aqua tinta. To the same general class be considerable vigour of fancy; Bowles's long, “ A picturesque Guide to Bath and “Elegiac Stanzas," elegantly expreffive Bristol,” by Messrs. Ibbetson, La Porte, of just and interesting sentiments ; Sir and Hassal; Mr. Walker's “ Select Brooke Boothby's

“Sorrows,” a paViews of Picturesque Scenery in Scot- thetic tribute of paternal affection ; land;” and Select Views in Mysore, Coleridge's “ Poems,” which, though taken on the Spot, by Mr. Home, with negligently composed, discover throughhistorical Descriptions,' is a very elegant out the genuine characters of genius; and splended publication.

Burges's Birth and Triumph of Love, an incongruous and absurd ,fable, con.

ceived with strength of fancy, and deThe department of CRITICISM has, livered in polished verse; “ The Inof late, been chiefly indebted to the learn- Auence of Local Attachment,” a truly ing, industry, and taste of Mr. Wake- elegant performance, in which philofield. He has presented the public with sophy and poetry are happily united ; elegant editions of “ Bion and Moschus," Miss Seward's beautiful and highly and “Horace.” If Mr. Wakefield be a finished pieces, entitled, “ Llangollen bold emendator, his corrections are made Vale,” &c.; and Mr. Southey's Joan of by the hand of a master. His comments Arc,” an epic poem. This last piece is and annotations discover deep erudition, certainly entitled to the first wreathe of and an exquisite relish of poetic excel. honour among our late poetical produclence. In this path of literature, he has tions. To “run a race with the press," few equals. As an editor, and critic on in an epic poem, as Mr. Southey appears the English classics, he is less successful: to have done, was juvenile presumption, his “Observations en Pope,” though not of which the necessary coniequence has without just criticism and fine illuftra- been many defective and faulty passages : tions, will not be ranked among his most but, viewed as a whole, the performance happy productions. The learned Mr. 'has fingular merit. It abounds in lofty Bryant has written.“ Observations on conceptions, vigorous sentiments, rich M. Chevalier's Description of the Plains imagery, and all the sublimer graces of of Troy," in which he ingeniously con- poetry. The author possesses uncomtroverts the accuracy of that writer's in- mon powers of poetic invention; and vestigations, and the truth of his conclu- with that diligence of study, and leverity fons. Mr. Plumptre has attempted to of correction, to which genius so relucprove, that the play of Hamlet was in- tantly submits, may become a poet of the tended, by Shakspeare, as an indirect first order.



! to

DRAMATIC PIECES, &c. curious and valuable collection of foreign Those DRAMATIC Pieces which find pieces, chiefly German, under the title their way to the stage, come under our of “ Varieties of Literature.” Other inspection elsewhere ; but we must not interesting foreign productions, chiefly neglect to mention, with approbation, political, have been translated. Mrs. Robinson's unrepresented tragedy

EDUCATION. of “ The Sicilian Lovers," which though Amung the books lately published, in some parts too splended in diction, ex- which respect EDUCATION, the clailical hibits a very interesting tale, in a îtrongly scholar will give the first place to Mr. impreilive form.

Salmon's elaborate and useful EtymoloIf we were to judge from present ap- gical Dictionary, under the title of Siempearances, we should say, that wit and mata Latiniais, intended, and well humour are at a low ebb: we have no- adapted, to disclose the sources, and unthing of this kind to mention, except fold the inechanism, of the Latin tongue. it be a grammatico-metaphysico-political Compilations, and original pieces, for the jeu d'esprit, entitled, “ Hermes Unmask- instruction and amusement of children ed," which, if it should not correct the and young persons, have been too nureader's ideas on the theory of language, merous to be particularly detailed. It may, at least, amuse him; and, if he be were much to be wished, that writers of not too faftidious, may treat him with this class would be more attentive a hearty laugh.

correctness, both in matter and lan

guage. An excellent example has lately NOVELS, ROMANCES, &c.

been set them, in Dr. Aikin's " EvenThe tender tales of love and wonder, ings at Home,' a truly elegant and usecontinue to be repeated in every form ful work, which contains, in great vawhich our novelists can devise ; yet we riety, food for curiosity, lessons for the do not find ourselves irresistibly impelled understanding, and precepts for the to dwell upon the singular merit of any heart. late productions in this class. Those

best entitled to particular Another fer of recent publications has attention are, Mrs.Robinson's "Angelina," appeared, which could not properly have which, though too inflated in ftyle, is an been clafled under any of the preceding elegant and interesting performance; heals : Mr. Ireland's Shakspearian Ma“ Antoinette," a tale, in which some nuscripts, and the pieces, pro and con, to degree of deficiency in the graces of which they have given rise. The procomposition is compensated by an inte- jector of these MSS. we now consider refting story, liberal sentiments, and in- as dead in law, and we shall so far violate structive lesions to the female world; the maxim, Nil de mortuis nisi bonum, as and Mrs. Inchbald's “Nature and Art,' to speak the plain truth, by giving the written with fimplicity, ease, and ani- transaction its proper appellation--a most mation ; enlivened with a captivating laborious, but most impudent forgery. naïveté, and artless strokes of satirical A few partizans, imposed upon by the humour, and suggesting excellent moral confidant assumption of the editor, for a instruction to the rich and the poor. while supported his pretenfions ; bat

Some eccentric and improbable, but Malone wrote, and Vortigern and Rowfplendid, energetic, and highly impal- ena was acted and the mask fell off. fioned work of fiction, have, of late, The publications, and the whole transbeen translated from the German ; action, will soon be forgotten; or will among which are

i The Ghost-Seer, be only remembered, and preserved, as a “ The Sorcerer,” “The Dagger," and monument of credulity. “ The Black Valley.”

We here close our brief retrospect of An excellent Translation of some of British Literature, in " sure and cerWieland's amusing and satirical Dialogues tain” expectation, that industry and gehas lately appeared in a separate volume, vius will, after an interval of six months, ander the title of “ Dialogues of the provide us a second course, equally various Gods;" and a larger number, in a very and plentiful with the present.


which appear


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