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1796.]
Defence of Female Talents.

469 But my principal design was to make of memory, and combined by the faculty a few remarks on topographical history of association, so the experience increased, in reference to scenery, and as aiding the and with the experience, the knowledge, genius of poetry. This I beg permission the wisdom, every thing that diftin. to do in your next month's Magazine ; guishes man from what we understand by when, though I mean not to crowd my

“ clod of the valley*." This, adds letter with observations on this very in

our author, is a simple and incontrover. genious History of Monmouthshire, I ţible history of intellectual being. Al. thall, probably, be happy to avail myself lowing this statement to be jutt, from of some very beautiful views in this' de. whence is derived the fanciful distinction lightful country. Your's, respectfully,

between creatures similarly organized, July 14, 1796.

G.D. endowed with a like number of lenses or

inlers to perception ?

Assuredly, your correspondent is won. REMARKS ON A. B.'s STRICTURES derfully generous in granting, that wo. ON THE TALENTS OF WOMEN.

men have " a right to the enjoyment of

intellectual pleasures”-though this, he To the Editor of the Montbly Magazine. seems to imply, is to be subject to some SIR,

limitations. The existence of the rigb: THE petty and unphilosophical contest is proved by capacity, and not to be respecting sexual superiority, has,

yielded as a favour.

The argument in this advanced age of reason and upon which the superiority of man science, become frivolous and uninterest. grounded, is both novel and curious. ing. Of all exclusive pretensions, there

“ There have certainly been female is none more absurd and mischievous, writers, of very considerable merit ; but in its operation and consequences, than

no evidence has yet appeared that they that of mind. That one half of the possess powers equal to those of men. human species, on a self-erected throne,

We have never yer seen a female Homer, should prescribe bounds in, and impose

or Virgil, or Bacon, or Newton, Great intellicłual fetters on, the other half; and numbers of women have received a much dietate to them to what purposes they

betrer education than Shakspeare ever are to apply, and how far they are to be enjoyed; and yet, I believe, we may allowed to exercise, their common facul.

venture to ask, whether the works of ties, is not more intolerable than vain. all the female authors who ever existed, How long, with sectarian inconsistency,

taken collectively, are equal in value to will man refuse the liberty he claims

the works of Shakspeare, an uneducated how long will he cherith, with narrow

man?" Admitting, for the sake of the policy and superstitious veneration, the hypothesis, these observations to be just

, maxiins of tyranny, and the institutions

is the superiority of a whole species to of barbarism? There idle disputes were

be deduced from the example of a few entirely superseded, the moment that an

individuals formed by extraordinary cirenlightened philosophy demonstrated,

cumstances? But we are willing to grant “That man(including the species, without clufion which he has so fagaciously and

Itill more to A. B. and yet deny the con. distinction of fex) was simply a perceptive being, incapable of receiving know. triumphantly inferred. lodge through any other medium than that

We will allow that, upon the aggreof the tenses: that the actions and difpofio gate, from a fair calculation, the balance tions of men are not the offspring of any be found on the side of the men.

of intellectualattainment would, probably, original bias that they bring into the

Ard world, in favour of one sentiment or cha- why? Not from any occult and original racter rather than another, but flow en

difference in their conformation, but tirely from the operation of circumiances, been uniformly more perverse.l

, as well as

because the education of women has and events acting upon a faculty of receiving sensible impressions : that all our

neglected, than that of men. Their knowledge, all our ideas, every thing general inferiority, then, follows as a we pofleis as intelligent beings, comes consequence from the principles already from impression. All the minds that exist stated: nor is it neceffary to refer to re. set out from abfolute ignorance. They traced, with much greater facility, to

mote and mysterious causes what may be received first one impreilion and then a second. As the impressions became more

sources obviously existing and daily ob. numerous, and more stored by the help * Godwin's Political Jutice.

served.

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served. Many women, it is said, have and the wisest part of the human spebeen better educated than Shakspeare. cies.” Amidst the disadvautages under This would be difficult prove, which women have hitherto laboured, when education is comprehensively con• the heroines of antiquity, Semiramis, fidered, as consisting of precept, acci. Zenobia, and Boadicea—the Catherines dent, social intercourse, and political in- of the North, and Elizabeth of England ; ftitution. In all these branches, by which the Lesbian Sappho, the Grecian Hythe human character is wholly modified, patia, Madame de Chatelet, the comwomen fuffer

great and peculiar disad- mentator upon Newton ; Dacier, the vantages. Till it can be demonstrated, translator of Homer; and Macauley, the that man has a fixih fense, or some me. English historian, with many others, thod of acquiring, coinbining, and asso- who have rendered their names illuftri. ciaring his ideas, from which nature ous, have afforded proofs of powers and has precluded woman, these arrogant capacities, perhaps, little less extraorclaims must be referred to the same source dinary than either those of Homer, with every other proud and exclusive Newton, or Shakspeare. How have pretenfion

arts, sciences, literature. morals, and In the early ages, and in the infancy happiness been impeded in their progress of reason, every appeal was decided, and by jealous and paltry contentions for cvery dispute settled, by, brure force. pre-eminence, whether monarchical, Man having, for physical purposes, a aristocratical, feudal, professional, or small degree of superior bodily strength fexual? When will the mists of preju. (for the difference, at present observable, dice be difpelled by the light of reason? is the fyftematic result of cducation When will a generous policy take place of and habit) fubjugated woman. As ci- partial institution ? When thall we cease vilization advanced, the slavery of the to be disgufted with unmeaning and female was meliorated, and in an exact oftentatious pretenfions to liberality of ratio with rational and philosophical im- sentiment ; liberality which has hitherto provement, became less and less appa- been little more than a name? rent. But, fo intoxicating is the nature July 2, 1796.

A WOMAN, of power, endeavours were still made to sophisticate and entangle the truths

To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine, which could no longer be suppressed : aird woman, beginning ro to feel her own SIR, dignity, and to affert the glorious privi. THE Latinity of a deputy profeffor of lege of thinking and realoning, was to the University of Cambridge, has be flattered into the feeble imbecile crea. afforded much amusement to the men of ture which (excepting a few individuals, Oxford; and his prolegomena are in whose number, we perceive with pride great request at their evening potations. and pleasure, is daily and rapidly in. The Germans' amuse themselves with creasing) has, in every age, corrupted, laughing at both parties; and the Preface degraded, and, in her curr, tyrannized 'to Brunk's Apollonius afforded a speci. over her oppressor. Rousseau, whose men of the estimation in which the genius and vanity led him to adopt and classical literature of Oxford is held upon defend eccentric and erroneous opinions, the contincnt. They are now attacking which he fo well knew how to render the letter of Dr. Holmes to the Bilop alluring by the charms of a captivating of Durham, on the preparations for the cloquence, set the example, and reared, Septuagint versions, and on correcting on fanciful principles, a dazzling and a little piece, I must confess, indeed, of beautiful hypothesis, involving in itself rather bald Latinity, they exclaim, that contradictions, and demonstrably falle. he writes fo very unlutein:sch, so very Woman herself, cajoled by thele arti, unclassically, as may be feen epen from fices, has, not unfrequently, been induced thi title page, that in many places it is pertinaciously to contend for “the sen- difficult to divine his meaning: The foltiment that brutalizes her," and to re- lowing passage they cannot venture, they. linguith the only valuable and noble pur- say, tu translate: 66 Poftulat res pose of existence, mental and moral im- “'effleuret in immensum infinitumque provement, which are inseparably con- ut terminis anguftioribus sepra continccted, because she is told, in the faun

ncatur (variarum lectionum multiing accents of a designing courtier- “ tudo) & ademptum eft, ut poflim "That it would be an unjul monopoly “ Coacervare quantum aliqui hortaban. to pretend to be at once the most lovely “ tur, quodque exoptabam ipse com.

“ plecti.

nc

1796.]
Present State of French Literature.

471 pleéti. Mihi itaque depulfo inde quo What follows, I believe, will be novel “ aggredi volueram dabitur hæc venia to the English reader, nothing of this

us ad id, quod poterit forsan auspi- kind having appeared, at present, in any " catius attentari, delabar :" and they of our journals, at least to my knowledge. add, that this is the constant style of the

Z. author. Now I can venture to say, that it would not be difficult to produce a Théorie de la Terre ; par Jeane-Claude variety of similar specimens of as bad Lameriberie, 3 vol. 8vo. pr. 36 livres. M. Latinity from the German, as the Eng- Lamertherie's reputation is fully estalith professurs; but as thefe mutual re- blished in France. He has acted as the proaches cannot tend to any good pur- editor of the Journal de Physique ever pose, I rather with to call the attention fince Mongez accompanied the celebratof your readers to these questions : To ed, but unfortunate navigator, Lapeywhat cause is it owing that the Latinity rouze, on his voyage of discovery. He'is of the two Universities, as far as we may also author of the work entitled, Munich judge froin the language of their schools, du Minéralogiste ; of the Traité sur l'Air ; and the publications of their profeffors, and the Philosoptie Naturelle, &c. has so much declined from that of Eras. In the present publication, which mus, Sadolot, and their contemporaries, chiefly respects the cosmogony of the .and is now become harsh, rugged, and earth, he takes a review of all that has

barbarous ? Since the art of writing ever been said on this curious, but obLatin seems to be nearly lost in England, scure subject. In respect to the formawould it not be adviseable to give it up tion of the globe, the Egyptians adopted in both Universities, that the dignity of the lyftem of waters, in which they were che professors may not be exposed to the followed by the Greeks in general, afier wantonness and ridicule, we will not the time of Thales. The Bramins, fay of the learned on the continent, but Magi, and the Scoics, on the other hand, of every fchoul- biny at home. An an- attributed the creation to fire, in which swer tó these question , enforced with they have been fince_ followed by Del. proper arguments, will much oblige, cartes, Leibnitz, and Buffon, among the your constant reader,

moderns. These are the bases on which PROLEGOMENOs. all the systems of geology have been

erected, and it is favour of the first that

Lametherie has declared himself; it bePRESENT STATE of FRENCH

ing his decided - opinion, that our planet LITERATURE.

has been produced by crystallization, To the Editor of the Montbly Magazine. through the agency of water (cristallizaSIR,

tion par l'eau.) PERMIT me to present you with a

Flora Fribergensis Specimen, plantas 1hort account of the present state of cryptogamicas, &c. Eljai sur la Flore de FRENCH LITERATURE, and with some Freyberg concernant pricipalement les plantes other articles of literary intelligence, cryptogamiques souterraines. which I have b:en abie to procure by F. A. de Humbolt ; ! vol. 40. 149 p. means of an intelligent correspondent The Germans, fo juftly celebrated for abroad,

their patience and industry, have, withThe labours of men of genius.on the in the last twenty years, published a vacoutinent, have been, in part, suspended, riety of curious tracts on mosses, seain confequence of a war, more general weeds, and subterraneous plants, more and disastrous than any that has hitherto especially those of Weiss, Necker, afflicted Europe, at least in modern times. Schreber, Schmiedel, Weber, Hedwig, In addition to this, our literary.commu. and Hoffman. Their cryptogamifts are nications with France have been almost the most famous of any in Europe. who'ly interrupted, during the two Jast Humbolt, after visiting Upper Saxyears, a circumstance which has tended, ony, and the Biack Forest, here presents not a little, to restrict our knowledge of the public with 258 [pecies of lichens what has been lately achieved by the . and fungi. learned in that country...

Oeuvres de Xenopbon, traduites en Frans To satisfy present curiosity, I have coise, sur les textes imprimées, & sur quatre collected a few materials, which I now manuferits de la Bibliothèque; par le Citoyen transmit to you, and dhall fron send you a Gail, profeljeur de "litérature Grecque au unore ample detail, in the form of a calda Collégé de Francé ; ', vol. 8vo. they are rasputice 1:21

The

Publié par

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The first volume only of this work the Spaniards, before the present war, has as yet been publifned, but from the re- were accustomed to repair yearly to Auception it has experienced, there can be vergne, in order to search for amethysts. no doubt but the whole will be speedily Legrand is the author of « Des Fa. fent to the press.

bliaux," and De la Vie privée des Principes de Mineralogie, par J. P. Van-François." berchem-Beribout, Cbef de la Division des Voyage Pittoresque, Navigation exéMines, & Henri Sluve, Profefeur d'Histoire cutée sur une partie du Rbóne. Par T.C. G. Naturelle à Lausanne ; 8vo. 200 p. with Boisel; 4to. 15 plates. plates, price, at Paris, 7 livres.

This work contains a project for renThe necefsity of a new idiom, for ex• dering the Rhône navigable, from the preiling the new ideas that arise in the Lake of Geneva to the sea. The prearts and sciences, is felf-evident. Lin- sent journey was undertaken at the exnzus obrained this for natural history; pence of an individual, whose disintereft. Lavoisier and Fourcroy attempted the ed labours have acquired him the notice fame, with success, in botany, and Vicq of the French legislature. d'Azyr is following their foot-fteps, fo

L'Art Défensif fupérieur à l'Offensif far as respects anatomy. Werner has

Marc-Rone Montalembert, ancien given a nomenclature to mineralogy, Officier-général ; 10 vol. 4to. which has been adopted throughout Germany, and Berthought and Stuve,

This work, which is intended as the disciples of this great master, here Military Encyclopedia, contains a propresent the French nation with a system. digious number of plans and papers atic vocabulary of that language.

adapted to the use of the military en

gineer. General Montalambert opposes Voyage dans la ci-devant Haule & Baffe the system of bastions, which, according Auvergne, aujourd'hui Département de Play'n to him, is the cause why fortificd places de-Dózie, du Cantal, & Partie de celui de make so little resistance. Could he but Haute Loire. Par le Citoyen Legrand. realize the project of rendering the art

Linnæus was the first to ridicule the of defence superior to that of attack, there folly of diftant voyages into other coun- would be an end of all offensive operations ; tries, before the traveller had become ac- invasions would cease, and we ihould bequainted with his own; and he joined hold the scheme of the benevolent Abbé example to precept, by visiting Lapland, de St. Pierre, in a great measure reGochland, Oeland, and Scania. (See Iter alized ! Octandicum, Gothlandicum, in Scania, Flora Laponica) The northern governments

Volney, the celebrated author of Lés adopted the hint, and to their exertions Ruines, has published: on this occasion we are indebted for the 1. Questions d'Economie Politique, par le labours of the ewo Gmelins, Steller, Pal. Citoyen Volney, Professeur à l'Ecole Noro las, Lepechin, Gueldenstaedt, Georgi, male, &c Falck, Rytschkoff, the two Fabricius, &c.

2. Analyze du Cours d'Histoire ; and, Legrand has discovered a red argillaceous earth, in Auvergne, admirably 3. A work for facilitating the Knowadapted for the pottery, and of to find a ledge of Enfern Literature. grain, as to rival the Etruscan vafes of The members of the commission of arts an:iquity.

and sciences, with the army of the Sam. Ai a little place, called la Voulte, a rich bre and Meuse, have favoured the pubmine of iron ore has been lately explored; lio with a detailed account of the books, and a curious description is here given cabinets of curiosities, antiquities, and of the mineral pitch with which the allo the names of the curious plants, they country near Clermont abounds, and have put in requisition in the conquered whence it receives its name of Puy de la countries. Pege (Puy de la Paix). The author la

Lacepede, the pupil of Buffon, has ments that foreigners should profit by the printed the introduâion to the course of indolence of the French, and states that Ichibyology, delivered by him in the gal. the Austrians carry away musket-flints lery of the Museum of Natural History. from Berry, and that the Dutch import The Commissary Hetitier has ferit the pipe-clay, wood, and dye-Stuffs, from the following ample receipt for preserving department of the Lower Seine, which potatoes throughout the whole year, to they afterwards fell, in a manufactured the Lyceum : Haté, to the native so We leara also, that A proper vessel being placed on the 4

fire,

1796.]
Present State of French Literature.

473 fire, when the water boils, dip in an ofier C. Cardinet, at the same time, prebasket, or cabbage-net, full of potatoes. fented a threshing machine, by means of After being completely immersed during which, one man can do as much work as four seconds, withdraw the basket, or net, fix with the common fail. and renew the operation with the re

Holland, which is not supposed to samainder of the potatoes, taking care to crifice frequently to the graces, has lately keep the water boiling as before. The po- produced a tranilation of one of the most tatoes are then to be placed on boards, elegant poets of the Augustan age, into and exposed to the fun, and a current of the vernacular tongue. Ovid's Art of air, in order to dry them as quickly as

Love, in Low-Dutch, must, of course, pollible. After this, they are to be re.

be a treat to the critics ! The title, moved to a garret, or any other apart- which does not promise much melody, is ment, where they are to be kept dry, as follows : Ovid's Kinfi zu Lieben, in der and turned frequently. The French literati lament exceed. rich Karl van Štrombek.

verfurt der Originals uebersezt van Fride. ingly, that many of the MSS. of Gresler,

Jerome Lalande, the celebrated aftroauthor of Ververt, Le Parrain Magnifique, nomer, has published, and Le Gazetin, should have been loft, or mislaid. One of his admirers recollects, one of the most learned astronomers of

1. An Eloge on the late M. Bailly, and has published four lines of l’Ouvroir, our times. in which the author thus describes the

2. The History of Astronomy for occupations of the religieuses :

1794 and 1795. "L'une découpe un agnus en losange

3. An Account of the Voyage of Dir“ Ou met du rouge à quelque bienheureux ; covery, undertaken by the unfortunate L'autre bichonne une vierge aux yeux bleuse Entrecafteau. « Ou pafle au fer le toupet d'un Archange.” And, 4. A Memoir respecting the

The MS. of this satire was sent Cold of the Winter, 1794-5. to the great king of Prussia, and as his Darcet, Lelievre, and Pelletier, three present majesty is supposed to prefer chymists, have published an Efsay on the gold to literature, there are hopes of its Fabrication of Soap, in which they point recovery.

out a mode of simplifying the process, &c. In the mean time, a new edition of his

G. Cuvier, the entomologist, has enworks has been published.

riched Natural History with the descripHistoire de la Conjuration de Louis-Phi.

tion of two curious infects, hitherto unlippe. Joseph D'Orléans, 3 vols. 8vo. Paris, noticed. 1. Aflus Mantiformis (L'afile 1796 ; imported by De Boffe.

This. Mante) and, 2. Phalangium 4-dentacontains a developement of the Orleans

tum (Le l'aucher à 4 Dentelures.) conspiracy, as it is termed, and exhibits the deep-laid plots of that nobleman, to entitled, Equile d'un Tableau Hiftorique

Of Condorcet’s pofthumous work, to attain the crown. The French, amidst the horrors of

des Progrès de l'Esprit Humain. Three war, do not forget the cultivation of their throughout France at the public ex

thousand copies have been distributed language. The Port-Royal Grammar, and those published by Duclos, Girard,

pence. and Dumarsais, possessed confiderable re

A new translation of Æschylus, by putation ; but the Nouvelle Grammaire Laporte du Thiel, is in the press; in

deed, the two first' volumes have been Raisonnée, bids fair to eclipse thein all.

The chapter on Synonimes, and those published. on French verse and prosody, are written

Citizen Brulé has printed fome Hints, by Guinguene, and executed with his relative to the Cochineal Fly, which he accustomed precifion. Laharpe and Su- wishes to render indigenous to St. Doa ard, both of them men of talents, have mingo. also contributed their labours. Panc- M. M. Leblond and Wailly have comkoueke, fo celebrated as the publishur of pleted the object of their million into the Encyclopédie, is the editor.

Belgium. They have brought home Citizen Cottereau has lately read a 5000 volumes from the library of the paper before the Lyceum of Arts, in university of Louvain, the bust of JurParis, in which he points out the means tus Lipsius, from the church belonging of rivalling the English in the manufac- to the Franciscans, and a curious petreture of crayons, a branch of industry faction, from the gate of St. Peter, at in which the fine arts are immediately Maestricht. interested.

M. Macé has published a letter to MONTHLY MAG, No. VI.

A. L.

3 P

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