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matter of so great and grave impor-state that it was when they commenced; I be the enduring of some laws which tance as taking care of the interests of that is, I am inclined to favor the pres-are not just as they should be. When eight hundred thousand people, there ent system of biennial sessions. I we have laws which are certain and is to be found sufficient reason for re- have not much to say upon the ques- fixed, although they are not exactly quiring the assembling of some body of tion, but there are one or two ideas I what they ought to be, we adjust ourmen charged with that duty as often as I wish to hint at.

selves to them in time, and can get once in twelve months. While I have The gentleman from Kalamazoo, along with them very well. It is this an abundance of reasons, that alone to (Mr. GIDDINGS,) says that the Legisla- constant changing from one thing to me is sufficient; that the interests of ture should meet as often as once in another that creates more confusion eight hundred thousand people are to twelve months, to look after the inter- and difficulty and litigation than all be cared for, and they who have the ests of the eight hundred thousand the errors in the laws themselves. duty of overseeing and establishing people of this State. Now, if there is Perhaps we feel this inconvenience in the laws to govern those interests any great interest likely to suffer for our locality as much as, if not more ought to meet as often as once in the want of a meeting of the Legisla- than, they do in some others. I undertwelve months in order to look after ture oftener than they now meet, as stand that it is customary when the them.

has already been remarked here several session laws are published and bound, Mr. MCCLELLAND. The argument times, there is provision made in the ready to be sent to the different counmade use of by the gentleman from Constitution to meet that exigency by ties, to send them off to those counties Kalamazoo, (Mr. GIDDINGS,) has been having a special session called by the in their alphabetical order; and as we made use of by others upon this floor. Governor.

are clear down to the foot of the alphaI wish merely to refer to the rule in One gentleman, in speaking of this bet we generally get the laws about the other States, some of them containing amendment and alluding to the special last. Perhaps if we were in Berrien, even more than eight hundred thou- sessions, the gentleman from Monroe, the county adjoining ours, we would sand inhabitants. Notwithstanding the (Mr. MORTON,) I believe, says that not feel this difficulty quite so much. glowing descriptions of our grand in- these useless sessions are of very little The only difficulty is that when we have terests given by the gentleman from importance, or something to that effect. 'a session of the Legislature, we get the St. Clair, (Mr. CONGER,) this morning, He conveyed the idea that extra ses- session laws along in the fall or in the I think other States present quite as sions of the Legislature are very bad latter part of the summer. If we had prosperous a condition, to say the things. Now, if sessions of the Legis- annual sessions those laws would be least of it, as ours. They have biennial lature are useless when specially called changed the very next winter, and we sessions in Indiana, Ohio, Illinois, Mis- by the Governor, would they not be would not have them more than a souri, Arkansas, Texas, Iowa, Oregon, equally useless and bad even if re- month or two before the Legislature Maryland, North Carolina, Mississippi, quired to be held by the Constitution ? would change them. I think the great Tennessee and Kentucky, thirteen It is a very common thing with a great difficulty is this continual and frequent States.

many people if anything, no matter change of our laws. Mr. GIDDINGS. Will the gentle- what it is, has not worked to their full Mr. W. E. WARNER. It seems to man allow me to ask him a question ? expectation, to seek to remedy it by a me, that the argument upon this mat

Mr. MOCLELLAND. Certainly, I change, no matter whether the change ter is about exhausted; and I do not will. i .

is one likely to accomplish the end or propose to make any myself. I desire - Mr. GIDDINGS. I would inquire if not. They seem to think that because simply to make a few remarks. I am

the fact is not that the Legislature of a change is necessary, any change will opposed to this amendment for the rea. the State of Ohio meets every year? remedy the evil. Because we have son that I am not satisfied that the • Mr. MCCLELLAND. Not that I hasty and crude legislation, and per- people desire this change. I think know of.

haps a great deal too much of it in that it is the experience and observaMr. GIDDINGS. I have been told biennial sessions of the Legislature, tion of the members of this Convenby several members here that the Leg- the impression seems to be that it is tion, who resided in Michigan in 1850, islature of Ohio does meet every year. because we have biennial sessions, and that the cause of the acceptance of the

Mr. MCCLELLAND. That is a mat- that a change to annual sessions would present Constitution in its crude state ter of indifference to me. What I remedy the evil. Now, we have upon by the people of the State of Michigan, allude to is the provisions of their con- this question, like many others, only to was the fact that it embraced a clause stitution. As I have already remarked, go back for a few years to our previous providing for biennial sessions of the if the Governor of this State is im- experience, to see whether this is the Legislature, as much as on account of pressed with the belief that the great case or not. Did we not have the any other clause in the Constitution. interests of the State require an extra same complaints, and the same cause The people were satisfied with it; they session of the Legislature, as a matter for them, when we had annual sessions believed it was right; they believed of course he would call that Legisla- that we have now? Then annual ses- that it was for the interests of the State ture in session. We have had numer- sions would not remedy the evil. to adopt that course in preference to ous extra sessions of the Legislature, In regard to the changing of our annual sessions. arising from the exigencies of the laws, we may possibly make bad laws;/. Now, do the people want a change times as they existed when the Legis- and if we do, then they should be cor- in this respect? Some members have lature was called together. But unless rected. One gentleman has argued in said that some of their constituents they are necessary no Governor of the favor of annual sessions, in order that have expressed a wish for annual sesState, if he discharges his duties as those corrections may be made as sions. Now, if the inhabitants of the faithfully as he ought, will call an extra speedily as possible. Now, when a State generally, or to any great extent session of the Legislature. :: change is as likely to make good laws desire this change, it seems to me that

Mr. BLACKMAN. I have listened bad as bad laws good, I think that ar- they would have memoralized this with a great deal of interest to the gument has no force. This constant Convention upon the subject; they arguments which have been adduced changing, without regard to the good would have made known their desire for and against this amendment. And ness or badness of the laws, is in itself to us here in some tanġible form or I find my mind in about the same a greater ovil many times than would I shape. I cannot see that anything is

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to be gained by this change. During that we have had just the reverse; that subject. Believing• as I do that it the extended discussion which has been we have had too much legislation, that would not be for the interests of our had here upon various subjects, we our laws were changed too frequently: State to make this change, that the .. have all heard it said that the State of that before the people could come to people of the State do not demand it, i Michigan has been troubled with too understand what the laws were, they I shall vote in favor of the section as much legislation, that too often and were changed to something else. This it came from the committee and against repeated changes have been made in has been a source of great inconven- the amendment. : the laws of the State, and that too ience and complaint on the part of the Mr. GIDDINGS. I do think that many amendments have been made in great mass of the people. They have the line of argument used here is

if that is true, how is any remedy to that stability in our laws that there the attention of members to it. The be effected by increasing the number should be; that there has been too fre- suggestion is frequently made upon of sessions of the Legislature? It quent change in them. It does not the floor of this Convention, that if you: does seem to me that this is a very ab- seem to me that the remedy for the have a session of the Legislature every surd proposition. I cannot see that evil will be found in annual sessions of year, there will be as much time con this change is going to remedy that the Legislature. It appears to me that sumed in each session as is now taken evil; on the contrary, it seems to me if we should have annual sessions, the for the biennial sessions. I do not that the evil will be increased by it. only effect would be to make the evil think that is true; I do not think that

If we have annual sessions of the worse than it now is; our laws would such would be the fact. If you look Legislature, knowing, as many mem- be changed more frequently than they to the New England States, where the bers do, that whenever the Legislature now are under the present system. sessions of the Legislature are annual; .. have convened here, they pursue ordina- We are also told that in consequence you will find that the Legislatures rily the same course, whether they come of having sessions of the Legislature sometimes accomplish all the work of here annually or biennially, I believe but once in two years, there is a great the session in two or three weeks; genthat the same evil will be found to deal of hasty legislation. I do not erally, for the last twenty years, they

biennial sessions. If there is good to am inclined to think that that evil on the average. Therefore, I think be gained by annual sessions of the would not be remedied by having a there is no ground for the assertion Legislature, very certainly there is a session of the Legislature every year. which is made here so frequently, that difficulty to be met in the way of addi- It is generally known that a great deal annual sessions of our Legislature tional expense occasioned by the more of business is hurried through the last would require as much time as biennial frequent sessions. That, I think, is an days of the session, and that would be sessions. We did have annual sessions item worthy of consideration. Treat it the case whether the session was only at one time in this State, and for some as lightly as members may, I apprehend once in two years or every year. Much years we did consume considerable time ::: the people will keep their eye on these of the business of the session gets laid in legislation. But that was because items. And the increased number of aside until towards the close of the we were a new State, and there ' these items, when thrown into the ag- session, and then during the last few were men here from different parts of .. gregate, will, in my judgment, swell to days it is crowded through with per- the Union, who had different views an amount that will have its effect and håps more haste than it should be. upon the various subjects before the influence upon the people. If the in- But it seems to me that this is not Legislature. They did not harmonize terests of the people of the State can necessary under our present system. so well in their action as might be exbe properly ensured without an increase The Legislature have all the time they pected at this time, in the present conof expense, then I am opposed to the choose to take for completing and ma- dition of the State. The very fact that change. I shall vote against the turing the work before them. If they they came from different parts of the amendment.

.: do not take sufficient time for the pur-country to this State, for the purpose Mr. STOCKWELL. I expect soon pose, then the fault is in them, and of organizing here a new State governto be called upon to vote for the not in the fact that we do not have ment, would for a time naturally proamendment pending before the com- a session of the Legislature every duce some conflict of views among mittee. In casting that vote I desire year.

them. Men came here from Massato cast it in such a way that it will ac- I am not convinced that the people chusetts, New York and other States; complish the greatest good for our desire this change. In fact I believe and at first more time was required, . . growing and enterprising State. I that they do not desire it; I believe until a system of government for this have listened with interest and atten- that the great mass of the people in State wås established, than would nattion to the remarks which have been the State would feel very much disap- urally be required at this time. Theremade by the friends of this amend-pointed if this change should be made. fore, I do not think it is right to say ment. But nothing that I have heard They watch with some degree of inter, that we would now require as much has carried conviction to my mind that est the question of the expense of each time in the Legislature as was required ; a change from biennial to annual ses- session of the Legislature. The hard when the State was new, and a system sions of the Legislature will be a ben- working people of the rural districts of government for the State was not ! èfit to us as a people. I know that we do not see the importance of having fully established. .. have been told by the friends of this a session of the Legislature for three or - Now, I may not have said anything amendment, that we need sessions of four months every year, I think that, tak new upon this subject. I did not inthe Legislaturè oftener than once in ing the great mass of the people in the tend to do so when I was up before. two years; that the great interests of State which I represent, not one-tenth All I intended was to express at least the State suffer in consequence of not of them would be in favor of this one reason in particular which would . having sessions of the Legislature change. I may be mistaken in this, influence my vote upon this subject. : more frequently. This has not been but such is my understanding of the I do not desire to take up the time of the complaint in the section of the matter; and I have conversed some- the committee; I have no desire to do State which I have the honor to repre- what extensively with persons in dif- so at any time. I do not desire to : sent. The great complaint has been ferent parts of my district upon this speak except when I have something

Vol 2-No: 7.

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which I consider may be of importance of 1850, that I resisted, as far as sess, I attempt to sustain them, both . to say upon any subject.

I was able to do, many of the pro- in Convention and in committee of the Therefore, it was not necessary for visions that are engrafted upon that whole. the gentleman from Wayne, (Mr. Mo- Constitution. There is one provision Mr. BRADLEY. I am not in the CLELLAND,) in referring to what I said recommended by the committee on the habit of taking up much of the time of when I was up before, to say that I had legislative department of this Conven- this body. I desire to refer, however, said nothing new at all. But I thought tion, for which I contended in the Cons to one point upon which my colleague, it was about time somebody said some- vention of 1850. I refer to the dis- (Mr. GIDDINGS,) has spoken once or thing which was not in the Constitu- tinction made between the terms of twice, in regard to the time which will tion of 1850. And whenever that gen- senators and representatives. That be occupied by the Legislature in antleman shall get outside of that old distinction is a good one, and I am nual and biennial sessions. I do not Constitution and allow something to glad to see that this Convention is dis- know of any method of arriving at what be done which may be in conflict with posed to sustain the recommendation will be, except by referring to what has that Constitution, I shall be rejoiced. of their committee in that respect. If been. The circumstances being someI have had the condemnation of the the gentleman had listened to the re-what equal in the two cases, it is to be Constitution of 1850 blazed away at my marks which I made at the commence expected, that the results will be simihead for the last ten years, until I have ment of this session he would have un- lar. In looking over the records from got tired of it. I would be glad to get derstood that I prefer the Constitution 1835 to 1850, it will be found that on away from it and hear something of 1835.

the average, as much time was spent spoken of besides the Constitution of Mr. GIDDINGS. I did not refer to each year, as has been spent each

1850. Sir, one of the points of con-, what the gentleman did in the Con- two years, from 1850 to 1866, in the - demnation against that Constitution, is vention of 1850; I alluded to the te- sessions of the Legislature of this the fact that it provides for the meeting nacity with which the gentleman clings State. And it is to be supposed, as a of the Legislature but once in two to the Constitution of 1850.

fair conclusion, that there will be the years; that in that session the Legisla- Mr. MCCLELLAND. I beg the same amount of time spent hereafter ture would remain for ninety or a hun- gentleman's pardon again; I have as has been heretofore. "If the sessions dred days, and then at the last end of voted for every salutary amendment of of the Legislature held annually, would it all the work of the session which the Constitution of 1850, which has make a change in the amount of time was left undone would be crowded been offered in this Convention; and I occupied, it might be supposed that through in two or three days; and in will continue to do so Hereafter. Let there would have been a great change such a manner as to be very faulty in me tell you what is the great defect of immediately after 1850, when the sesmany respects. Now, if you will only the Constitution of 1850; there is too sions were changed from annual to bido the work once a year, there will be much legislation in it. I was opposed ennial. But the fact is, that there was ! no necessity for spending ninety or a to so much legislation being placed in no perceptible change in the length of hundred days here. Men like our it in 1850, and I am opposed to it now. the sessions from 1850 to 1866. President, and others I might name The gentleman does not even recollect Mr. BILLS. Will the gentleman here, could come to the Legislature what I said this morning; because, in from Kalamazoo, (Mr. BRADLEY,) allow and spend twenty, or thirty, or forty the remarks which I had the pleasure me to ask him one question ? days à vear here, who would not be to make-not the pleasure, because it | Mr. BRADLEY. Yes, sir. willing to spend ninety or a hundred does not afford me a great deal of Mr. BILLS. I would inquire of the days every second year. I did not in- pleasure to speak at any time. I think gentlemen' whether previous to 1850, tend to make all these remarks; I in- the older a man grows, the wiser he the length of the session of the Legistended to stop where I did before. But grows in this regard, and does not like lature was limited by the Constitution? inasmuch as. I did not say anything to speak very often. I do not speak, Mr. BRADLEY. I suppose not; new before, I thought I would try to and do not wants to speak, until I feel that would have had its effect during say something new this time, and that that I am compelled to do so. In the first part of the last period of time is, that I do not think the gentleman the remarks which I made this mor- to which I have referred. But it has from Wayne has ever got outside the ning, I took the ground, and I gen- not had its effect more recently. We Constitution of 1850.

erally speak loud enough so that any are not to judge in regard to the length Mr. MCCLELLAND. I think it is gentleman can hear me if he is in of the sessions, when held annually, by well enough at all events that gentle--the Convention, (if he does not under what the State of Rhode Island or the men here should become acquainted stand me it is my fault or his fault, as State of Connecticut may do, because as with one Constitution, should know likely to be his fault as mine,) I said we have been told here time and again, something at least about one Constitu. that I had resisted that clause in the our State is under far different circumtion, before they undertake to make Constitution of 1850, which, with an- stances from the older Eastern States, .. another. Now, sir, I, said nothing at other question about which I am not and consequently we are to be expected -all about the gentleman's not saying going to say anything now, gave rise to to occupy more or less time, according anything new; I made no such re- the calling of this Convention. I refer to the circumstances in 'which we are mark. The gentleman is ascribing to the article on salaries. If that ar- placed." to me a remark which was made by ticle had beqni stricken out of the Con- Mr. FERRIŞ. How will we guide some other member of the Convention; stitution, as I myself moved in the ourselves in the decision of this matter, and therefore he gets into a terrible Convention of 1850, I do not believe whether we shall retain the system of flurry and gives me a terrible lashing. we would have had, this Convention biennial sessions of the Legislature or If the gentleman had noticed what to-day. But while there are a great adopt the system of annual sessions? In I said here just now, and what I have many bad things in the Constitution of the first place, if the people of the State repeatedly said, he would not charge 1850, I believe there are a great many require such a change, then it seems me with being wedded to the Consti- good things in it. I am here for the to me that the change should be made. tution of 1850; it can be testified to purpose of sustaining those good But it has been remarked, by one genby every gentleman on this floor, things; and the gentleman must ex- tleman at least, that if the people dewho was with me in the Convention cuse me if, with the little ability I pos- sire to have such a change as this, they

y or a hundr.be to makearks which I hans because, et Mr. Beans from 1860 in the lengthwas

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would have expressed that desire by answer to that question very easily. tion here is: shall we give that time to petitions, memorials or addresses to The Legislature now meets once in two them once in two years, or shall we this body. Now that is not necessarily years, and does a great amount of work, divide it up and give them a portion so; for I take it that every man on this so much that the bulk of it is com- each year? If instead of sixty or

floor is an impressive memorial from plained of. It does that work so mis- seventy days in two years which they :... the constituents that sent him here, erably, that the quality of it is com- have had heretofore, they should be

and he can speak with as much author- plained of; and the people are ham- allowed one hundred and twenty days ity, on this or any other question, as pered in many departments of their to do that same work as it ought to be could a written paper signed by some business by this erroneous, hasty and done, do we really lose anything as far few of his constituents. If gentlemen incongruous legislation. .

as time and expense is concerned, if have taken notice of the parts of the In making any change in the organic we devote sixty of those days to one. State represented here by those who law, or any other law of the State, one year and the other siúty to the other have advocated this change, I think of the first inquiries should be, is there year? Would we make any gain, they will see that if the majority of anything wrong in the workings of the either in the compensation of members the people of this State have not given present system? The answer has been of the Legislature, or other expenses expression to sentiments in favor of given to that question a dozen times on of the State, except in the matter of this change through memorials, cer- this floor, both by the advocates of this mileage perhaps, if we put the whole tainly a large proportion of the people change and by its opponents. The one hundred and twenty days in alter

have so expressed themselves through opponents of this change, headed by nate years, instead of dividing it up ... their representatives here.

the gentleman from Branch, (Mr. and allowing sixty days to each year? My experience has been just the LUCE,) insist that we now have too. All legislative bodies are liable to same among my constituents, as has much legislation, and if anything, that commit mistakes in the enactment of been stated by other gentlemen here. the change should be the other way, laws, particularly in a growing new The soundest business men in the and that the Legislature hereafter State like ours. From the want of exportion of the State where I reside, should meet only once in four years, perience in the operation of similar have from time to time expressed rather than once in each year.

laws under similar circumstances, :: themselves to me very much in favor Now, how comes it to pass that we they are liable to make those laws im- : *.. of the change from biennial to annual have so much législation once in two perfect. An amendment of the law is sessions of the Legislature. They gave years, such a bulk of it, and legisla- but an indication that that imperfec i as a reason, not only the present cir- tion of such a quality and character? tion has been discovered. Now, nocumstances of the State, but also the I will tell you why I think such is the body doubts the fact that we have very fact that in making this Constitution case. It is because the legislation nec- imperfect legislation of this character.

we should be providing a law for the essary for the growing interests of the The question comes up, will it be beta ... regulation and government of the State has been accumulating for two ter for the interests of the people, for

State for many years to come. With years, and then it is rushed in here the development and growth of the .. our State growing rapidly as it has upon the Legislature when it meets, State, to be compelled to bear the bur

done, and just entering now upon the and goes through the committees and den of the error for another year? :period of a grand development of its the two houses somewhat in bulk as it can any man hesitate a moment in an

natural resources, they thought that in came in, without being refined down answer to that question? If the Leg. no way could we so completely secure by careful examination, without being islature of the last winter, in getting · the development of those resources, sufficiently scrutinized, without being up a scheme to promote and develop

and the proper guidance of the State so trimmed and prepared as to express one of the great interests of the State, in this formation period of its history, the real wants of the people and by accident, oversight, or want of as by having the Legislature assemble nothing more.

experience, left out some iniportant once a year. So far as my acquaint- Every man who has looked through matter in the scheme, and there is ance goes I am satisfied that the sound the session laws of this State, that have found to be difficulty in applying the thinking men of the State, or the been issued after each session of the scheme in practical operation, is it for: majority of them, are in favor of this Legislature for many years past, müst the interests of the State that we .change. Of course I cannot say any have seen with astonishment the evi- should wait until a year from next

thing myself for constituencies repre- dences of great haste; yes, sir, of the winter before the change can be made ? sented by other gentlemen on this indecent haste that has stamped itself Will it not be clearly for the interests floor. :

l upon the pages of those session laws. of the State that this very coming winIf it be true, then, that the people What sort of a story does that tell to a ter the defect in the law should be of the State desire this change; or if thinking man outside of the Legisla- remedied ? the leading business men of the State, ture? It is either that the men who Look, if you will, at the way we the men who handle and control its did the work were not competent to do transact our business in this State, in material resources, are really in favor it well, or if competent had not time to counties, townships and cities. I do of this change, then it should be made. do it well. I have nothing to say in not know but what those gentleman That class of men are the men who regard to the capacity of the gentlemen who are so much opposed to annual make a State great, who bring out its who have represented the different sessions of the Legislature, reallyiron, its copper and its salt; who lay parts of the State in the Legislature. entertain the opinion that our great lines of railway, and do every- They are perhaps on an average equal boards of supervisors for counties thing else that makes a State great and to our best business, men. We must and townships, and our city councils, prosperous. .

then fall back on the other reason; are such a superior body of men In the next place, we want to con- that they had not sufficient time in that they can be trusted to assemsider whether there is a sufficient quan- which to do their work properlyble once a year, while we cannot trust tity of work of a legislative character Then we should give them more time the Legislature to assemble oftener to be done to require the meeting of in which to do their legislative work. than once in two years. Our boards of

. the Legislature oftener than once in I think the clear result is that they will supervisors are required to meet to.: two years. I think we can obtain ån have more time, and the practical ques-Igether at least once a year, perhaps twice

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the Lee the Cuecial seu bich to be herst W. WAR Oppositip Januar holi

e when dature; and in the amend this section move to further

.., & year, to look after the interests of the Legislature. And you will not see The gentleman's answer must be, be

their counties. Why is it? Are the then, as has been seen upon this very cause there is business to do. And my interests of this great State, extending floor, bulky bills introduced, tied up answer to the gentleman's question is, as they do north, south, east and west, with red tape, referred to committees because there is business to be done; with nearly a million of population, to and reported back to the House and it is the same business that is now done be handled so much more readily and passed, without the string being even biennially. These are the reasons easily than the mere local interests of untied. The reason such things take which influence my mind to support a county or township? If bodies hav- place is because of the hurry members this amendment. :

ing a less interest in proportion should are in; they are in haste to get their The question recurred upon the . meet at more remote periods, then if work done, that work which has in- amendment of Mr. ; COOLIDGE, to

the Legislature of this State should creased so greatly within the two strike out the word “second," before meet but once in two years, the boards years. I submit that if they should the word “year," so that the section of supervisors of counties should meet be brought together annually there would read as follows: but once in twenty years, and in town- would not be anything of this kind, "The Legislature shall meet at the seat of ships but once in one hundred and because they would have more time to government on the second Wednesday of sixty or two hundred years. But gen- devote to their labor. .

January, in the year eighteen hundred and

sixty-nine, and on the second Wednesday of tlemen who ard friendly to expediting Ono gentleman has referred us to January in every year thereafter," etc. . the business of these local communities the remedy contained in one of the The amendment was agreed to, upon will claim that it is necessary that they provisions of the Constitution which a division, ayes 31, noes 30. . should meet as often as they do. Then authorizes the Governor to call special Mr. P. D. WARNER. I would inwhy does not the same necessity rest sessions of the Legislature. If you quire how the Chair voted upon this upon the people of the State to get examine that provision you will see question ? their Legislature together once a year, that there is a difficulty about the The CHAIRMAN. The Chair did to look after these interests, as much remedy, because, in the first place, the mot vote. so as it is for counties and towns to Governor would not call the Legisla- Mr. P. D. WARNER. If the Chair : get their representative bodies to-ture together unless upon some very had voted it might have changed the

great emergency, such as was produced result. One gentleman has stated that the by the war we have just gone through, Mr. VAN VALKENBURGH. Or great difficulty in connection with our or something of very great magnitude increased the majority. legislation, is the constant change that which would justify him in assuming/ Mr. BILLS. I move to further is made in it. I would ask that gen- | the responsibility of calling a special amend this section by striking out the tleman how it came to pass that there session of the Legislature; and in the word “second," where it occurs before is such constant change in our laws?, next place, when the Legislature is the word " Wednesday," and inserting Sir, it is because of the imperfections, thus called together in special session, in lieu thereof the word “first," so as of those laws às made. And whatever it is hampered with restrictions which to require the Legislature to meet on. will tend to lessen the chances of such in my opinion are derogatory to the the first Wednesday in January. imperfections, will tend also to lessen character of a legislative body. They Mr. P. D. WARNER. I desire to the necessity for change. If you get are only to legislate upon such subjects state briefly my opposition to this together a body of men but once in as are mentioned in the proclamation amendment. The first of January is: two years, and they are required to of the Governor, or as are submitted classed in this country among the holihurry their business through in a crude to them by the Governor.

days; it is one of those days which and undigested state, the result neces- I do not want to occupy a great deal leven members of the Legislature are sarily is, that the next Legislature must of time in regard to this matter; but I often desirous of spending with their take it up and tinker it, and they do so have felt from the beginning that this families at home.By requiring the in the very same haste that caracter- was one of the changes which this Legislature to meet on the first Wedized the action of the Legislature in Convention ought to make in our Con- nesday in January, the time required the first place. And probably the third stitution. I do not see that it is going by the Constitution of 1850, the first Legislature will be required to do the to increase the expense to any very day of the meeting of the Legislature, same thing, and so on.

... great extent, except perhaps in regard. will sometimes occur on the first day It seems to me to be beyond all to the mileage of members; because, I of January, which occasionally makes question that if the Legislature meets as I said before, it will require about it very inconvenient for members of annually it will have less work pressing the same length of time to do the work the Legislature. That I think is the upon it, and will have to attend only to well, whether the session is held once reason why the committee on the such interests and necessities as require in two years or every year. But it will legislative department proposed the: * their action during one year instead of give an opportunity for the more speedy change in that respect contained in during two. 6. Even if they take the correction of evils and imperfections this section. I hope for this reason same amount of time, they can devote in the laws. I think it will gratify a that the amendment will not be more thought and labor to the business majority of the business men of the adopted...: before them, and perform their work State who have instructed some of us Mr. BILLS. My reason for making far better. In this way cautious men in regard to the matter.

this motion is simply this; we have al will have time to scrutinize every My friend from Kalamazoo, Mr. ready provided in another article, that is proposition brought into the Leg- BRADLEY,) asks how it is that annual the annual meetings in townships shall islature, and see whether it conflicts sessions are required? We cannot, be held in March instead of April, as with the Constitution or any pro- perhaps, go into all the details, and heretofore. It is desirable that the vision of the common law, or show all the particulár classes of busi- Legislature should finish its session whether it is adapted to the interests ness which would be immediately annually before the time for the anof the people or not. And in that way benefited by annual sessions. But nual township meetings. Heretofore, many measures which are brought in being a Yankee, I would answer his the Legislature has met, if I remember in high feather will be rejected by the question by asking another. How is it correctly, on the first Tuesday of Jan-.. calm, cool action of the members of that biennial sessions are required ?luary..

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