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ing the recebution offered printer needs thisure this resolution, that ages.
Had no members of this Convention roe bus stated; that this delay was for enable us to fulfill that engagement. If gone to the printing office, and said the purpose of giving members an op- we cannot have them for that purpose, any thing to the printers, it is probable portunity to examine their speeches then let us dispense with the publicathat the debates and proceedings would before they were finally printed. The tion of them altogether. I would as all have been up by this time. I told foreman did not state definitely to me soon have a last year's almanac to read, the foreman, when I went away, that that they might have been up with the as these debates published and laid be. under the circumstances, as members debates, and would have been, but for fore us, six months after their delivery. wished to have an opportunity to this delay. to accommodate members. We want to have them now during the correct the reports of their debates, He did not state that any member had progress of the business of this conprobably it would be best for him to requested the delay, but, as I under- vention. go on with something else--to com- stood him, the debates had been de-| Mr. BURTCH. I differ with my plete the Manual of the Convention, if layed for the purpose of giving mem- friend from Lenawee, (Mr. BILLS.) he could, during the recess.
bers an opportunity to examine the. I think these debates ought to be pubI do not think thé-resolution offered proof sheets. I hardly think the lished, and if they cannot be furnished should be adopted. I hope the mover printer needs this spur, and still I am in time for the people of the present of it will consent to have it laid on the not tenacious about this resolution. day, they can be furnished for future table until he can visit the printing Mr. BURTCH. It seems to me that ages. [Laughter.] office himself, and ascertain exactly it is assuming considerable responsi-1. The resolution was then agreed to. how the matter stands. : ... bility for members thus to undertake PUBLISHING ABSENTEES IN THE JOURNAL
Mr. BLACKMAN. I have no objec- to impede the public business. Gen- Mr. BLACKMAN. I offer the fol tion to any course being adopted with tlemen will bear me witness that I lowing resolution: the resolution, either by laying it on came in here and made a little talk Resolved, That the Secretary of this Con. the table, or disposing of it in any some time ago; but I did not go down vention oma time on hat I did not go down vention be directed to cause to be printed
daily, in the journals, the dames of absentees, other way. I offered it in order to to the printer and ask him not to print
distinguishing between them as follows: bring the matter before this Conven- the proceedings before I could see First, The names of abeentees, on account of tion, to ascertain if there was any rea-them, for fear there would be some
sickness. Second, Of those absent with I thing wrong.
leave, for other causes. Third, Those absent
If there is anything withont leave..! Mr. COOLIDGE. For the purpose wrong in my speeches hereafter, I will
Mr. PRATT. I move the resolution: of avoiding further discussion on this see about correcting them...
be laid upon the table. subject, and believing that the commit
: Mr. B
The tee on printing will look after this mat- by many members of this Convention, acreed 7 ter properly, Imove to lay the resolu- who will revert in their minds to the
lib. BILL OF RIGHTS.
.. . tion on the table.
:: time of our adjournment, that our deThe question was taken upon the bates were then some twelve days be
Mr. MUSSEY. I move that the motion to lay the resolution on the hind in their publication. The excuse Convention now resolve itself into com table, and upon a division there were which is now urged for the delay in mittee of the whole on the general ayes 24, noes 15.
their publication, certainly could not order. Mr. DANELLS. That, I believe, is have been an excuse for the tardiness! : The motion was agreed to. . not a quorum. Does it not require a previous to that time; because mem- The Convention accordingly resolved quorum to vote ?
bers were here then, and could have itself into committee of the whole, (Mr. The PRESIDENT. No quorum corrected their speeches without delay. PRINGLE in the chair,) and resumed the has, voted; the Chair will put the ques- What the members of this Convention consideration of general order No. 11, tion again.
. desire, is, that these debates be pub-being the article entitled “ Bill of The question was again taken upon lished, and put upon our tables, within Rights." the motion to lay on the table, and it a day or two after they occur. It was PRIVATE PROPERTY FOR PUBLIC USE.. was not agreed to, upon a division; thought that could be done when wel. The CHAIRMAN. When the comayes 25, noes 26.
entered into this contract. If we are mittee last had the article entitled The question recurred upon the not to have them delivered to us. in . Bill of Rights" under consideration, resolution.
that way, then for one, I should al- it had proceeded therein as far as secMr. NORRIS. I move that the res- most desire to discontinue their publi- tion twenty-three of that article, which olution be referred to the committee cation altogether. If the printers are is as follows: on printing. to fall behind at this rate, then at the
"The property of no person shall be taken The PRESIDENT. The Chair will conclusion of our session here, there for public use without just compengation state that, should the resolution be will be nearly one-half of our debates therefor." ! adopted, it would by its terms carry unpublished. If they are to take until The gentleman from Wayne (Mr. the whole subject to the committee on the next winter months for the publi- MCCLELLAND) had offered an amendprinting.
. cation of the debates, and to publish ment to the section, to add the words, Mr. NORRIS. Then I withdraw them in the absence of all the mem- « to be paid or secured as shall be prothe motion to refer, and will let the bers, we will have no guarantee of their vided by law.". To that amendment question be taken upon the resolution. correction. Members certainly will not the gentleman from Berrien (Mr. AL
Mr. THOMPSON. I desire to state remain here for the purpose of correct- EXANDER) moved to add the words, that I called, as a member of the com- ing their speeches, and our reporters " and such compensation shall be withmittee on printing, at the office of the would be unwilling to do so. We out any deduction for benefits to any State printer yesterday. I do not un- might as well discontiue altogether the property owner. derstand that the gentleman from publication of these debates, as to have The recollection of the Chair is, that Monroe, (Mr. MORTON,) has called them published in this manner. We the amendment of the gentleman from there since his return. I called there are under obligation and engagement Berrien, was entertained as an amendto ascertain the cause of this delay, to send these debates from time to time, ment to the amendment of the gentleand was informed by the foreman sub-to a neighboring State, and I desire man from Wayne. It seems, however, stantially as the gentleman from Mon- that they shall be published, so as tol to the Chair, that it does not necess
uld the its termittee on
sarily relate to the matter embraced in the order of the owner of the property. paid or secured in the manner prescribed by the amendment. If there shall be no My impression is that the term
law.". taken upon the amendment proposed this connection.
fourteen of the article entitled “Miscel.. by the gentleman from Wayne. The Mr. MUSSEY. I think there is an- lane
laneous Provisions," as follows: Chair stated it the other way, because other reason why the amendment of
in the amendment of "The property of no person shall be taken the gentleman who was acting as the gentleman from Wayne should
for public use, without just compensation
therefor. Private roads may be opened in chairman of the committee of the prevail. : I will say that I hope the the manner to be prescribed by law; but in whole, so entertained it..
l amendment of the gentleman from every case the necessities of the road, the No obiection being made the ques. | Berrien will not prevail.
amount of all damage to be sustained by the
The reason monina Theront shall he first daterminéd hoe tion was considered as being upon the for the amendment now pending is la jury or freeholders, and such amount to amendment of Mr. MCCLELLAND. that. in laying out public highways, gether with the expenses of proceeding, shall : Mr. MCCLELLAND. I will state or private ways, the damage may be
be paid by the persop or persons to be bene. fited.”
There is another section also bearing amendment. I understand that the erty may take exception to the amount
upon this subject, in the article enLegislature have in several cases au- of the damage allowed. Hence, it
titled “Legislative Department." thorized the taking of property, with- could not be paid before the prop
Mr. MCCLELLAND. My amendout compensation therefor being paid erty is taken possession of, because the
ment is taken from section fifteen, artiin advance. I believe that is the rule amount of the damage is not settled
cle fifteen of the present Constitution. that prevails now in this State in re- between the parties. Therefore, un
That section provides that the comgard to telegraph companies. My less the amendment prevails, the owner
pensation therefor shall first be deterobject in offering this amendment is to of the property, by appealing from the
mined by a jury of freeholders, and obviate that evil, and to prevent that amount allowed, may delay and pre
actually paid or secured in the mancourse being pursued hereafter. At vent the road from being established
ner prescribed by law." first I proposed to use the word "paid," for an almost indefinite time, and that,
Mr. PRATT. My recollection is simply; but on consultation with one too, when it might be quite essential
that there is another section bearing or two gentlemen in reference to this for the public convenience. But, when
upon this subject; but I do not have subject, I thought that perhaps it would the compensation is secured, the road
it before me at this moment. be better to say, "paid or secured," may be constructed, and the amount
Mr. MCCLELLAND. There is anbecause in many cases it is impossible of damage can be settled by the court, Lothar scation which will he found to pay in advance of taking the prop- if the owner of the property chooses
chooses page 128 of the Manual... erty, on account of the owner of the to take the question there.
Mr. PRATT. I thank the gentleproperty being absent from the State, Mr. GIDDINGS. I alluded par- man for referring me to that section. , and in many cases not being known ticularly to the damages allowed in the. It is section two of the article entitled
even to those who take the property. case of railroads; I did not allude to. Miscellaneous Provisions," and is as Whether in such a case as that, å leg- any other cases.
follows: islativo enactment authorizing this Mr. MUSSEY. I desire to have o When private pronertv is taken for the money to be paid into court for the them all included or the them all included.
use or benefit of the public, the necessity for benefit of these parties, would be suf
1 Mr. PRATT. This subject is found using the same, and the just compensation ficient, I am not now prepared to state.
therefor, except when to be made by the in the present Constitution in three State, shall be ascertained by a jury of twelve If that should be done, as a matter of
different articles; in the article on cor- freeholders, residing in the vicinity of such course that would be a payment. I porations, in the article on the legisla
property, or by not less than three commishave no objection myself to having the tivo department, and also in the article shall be prescribed by law."
sioners, appointed by a court of record, as words “or secured” struck out, if any
. entitled “Miscellaneous Provisions." member has any particular objection
The committee on the bill of rights The committee on the bill of rights, 1:a to them. My opinion is that the prop
did not deem it wise to go into this after consulting with the chairmen of erty of no one should be taken without
matter of detail, but thought it better the committees having in charge those compensation paid in advance.
e to leave that entirely to the respective various articles, concluded that they This provision is to supply the place
Tcommittees who had that matter in would confine their labors to the simof three different provisions in the Con
charge. They thought it better for us ple announcement of a fundamental stitution of 1850. As my amendment
simply to make the announcement of relates to the condensation of one of principle, and leave the matter of details
fundamental principles, similar to that the provisions in the Constitution of to be carried out by the respective
in the bill of rights, and the Constitucommittees that have this matter in 1850, I have thought it best to propose
tions of the various States. It will be it in the form in which I have submit
charge. I understand that all these
i almost impossible to perfect the details, .ted it. I should object to the amendmatters in regard to compensation, and
and make them such as will meet every the manner in which the taking of propment of the gentleman from Berrien,
case. I would prefer to have this secerty shall be determined, will be pro(Mr. ALEXANDER,) as proposed to my
tion remain as it is...! vided for by the threa committees to amendment, because it is legislative in
... Mr. BILLS. It will be understood its character. whom I have alluded. It will be found
that we now propose simply to incorMr. GIDDINGS. I was about to that in the present Constitution the
porate a provision in the bill of rights. suggest that, under the present practice details occupy considerable space. For
It seems to me that the section reportas established by the law, when a party instance, by reference to page 124 of
led by the committee, embraces all that owning property is absent from the the Manual, section fifteen of article
is needed on that subject. I suggest fifteen, the present Constitution proState, a tender of the payment can be
whether it is not sufficient to cover all vides as follows: made, and a court can direct what shall
the principles in the former Constitube done with the funds, or the 6 dam-l "Private property shall not be taken for / tion? It announces a principle which age money," as it is called. I believe public improveinents in cities and villages, I shall govern our Legislature; that no it is generally directed to be deposited
without tbe consent of the owner, unless the
property shall be taken from a private in some banking institution, subjcct to I mined by a jury of freeholders, and actually individual without compensation. I
would be satisfied to leave that as the the compensation is paid. I take the give my note for it, in law the property sole provision to be embraced in the ground that we have no right to take is paid for. Then if, in carrying out Constitution upon this subject; and to possession of any man's property with the details of this provision by the leave all the details which we find in out due compensation being actually Legislature, it shall be deemed desirathe present Constitution, and which paid previous to taking possession of ble to provide that property shall be may be needed upon the subject, to be it. That is the ground I take. If we taken before the money is paid, still provided for by the Legislature. This assert a principle, even in the bill of provision could be made by which the section reads
rights, we should couch it in such per- payment of the money should be so-" :: "The property of no person shall be taken fect language that the humblest under- cured to this individual. If it was the for public use, without just compensation standing in the community may know property of a non-resident, and he is therefor." what it means.
not accessible to the authorities who This is a perfect enunciation of the Mr. PRATT. I desire to say one desire to take the property, provision principle which we desire to recognize word in reply to the gentleman from might be made by the Legislature that as the governing principle to control | Wayne, (Mr. MCCLELLAND.) He says the money for the property shall be our Legislature. To express this in that he understands this section is to deposited, or its payment secured, sub. the bill of rights is, in my judgment, be the only provision on this subjectject to the call of the non-resident, or sufficient for all purposes of the Con- in the Constitution. I think the gen-| to the call of the party who might not stitution; leaving it for the Legislature | tleman is not authorized to make that be accessible at the time, the compen: to make such provisions, and such de- statement. I understand from the sation might be due. All that, howtails of methods by which compensa- consultation I have had with the gen-ever, I would leave to the Legislature; tion may be granted for property thus tleman from Allegan, (Mr. WILLIAMS,) I would put no part of it in this Con. taken, as to them shall seem wise. who is chairman of the committee on stitution. It seems to me that the With that view, I greatly prefer to re- miscellaneous provisions, that it is the principle which the gentleman desires tain 'this section precisely as it now intention of that committee to report to have established is fully secured by stands without any amendment. a section which shall cover this entire the language of this section, as it now Mr. MCCLEELAND. We have had
ground. That is one reason why the stands. I think the qualification of . a great deal of difficulty in regard to
committee on the bill of rights con- it, as he proposes, does not provide this subject in cities and villages intented themselves with simply an- more satisfactorily for carrying out the this State, as is well known to all mem-' nouncing the principle found in the recognized principle that no property. bers of the legal profession. In con- Constitution of the United States. I shall be taken without being paid for, sequence of that difficulty there was think the matter of detail also belongs than does this section as it now stands. inserted, by än amendment submitted to the committee on cities and villages. Mr. MUSSEY. I would ask the to the people by the Legislature, the Mr. MCCLELLAND. Will the gen- gentleman from Lenawee, (Mr. BILLS,) following provision in the present Con- tleman allow me to ask him a question? a question before he takes his seat. I stitution, to be found on page 129 of Mr. PRATT. Certainly.
would inquire of him if, without some the Manual:
Mr. MCCLELLAND. I would ask such amendment as is now proposed, .::"Provided, The foregoing provisions shall the gentleman what is the use of divid- any such provision for paying as he in no case be construed to apply to the action : of commissioners of the highways in the ing up this matter, and putting it in has suggested would be deemed a payofficial discharge of their duties as highway three or four different sections, as we ment under the law? This section commissiouers."
did in the constitution of 1850? That says that just compensation shall be I understand that the section now very thing has tended to confuse the paid therefor. I take it that a man is under consideration is the only provis-Legislature, as I am informed, leading obliged to accept nothing as a payment ion on this subject there is to be inser- to grave difficulties upon this subject. except lawful money of the United ted in the Constitution of 1867, in lieu. Mr. PRATT. In reply to the in- States.' of some three or four different provis-quiry of the gentleman, I would say Mr. BILLS. The language of the ions scattered through the Constitution that in framing a bill of rights, my section is, that the property of no of 1850. I think, therefore, it would idea is that we should confine ourselves person shall be taken for public use be well for us to fix it with so much to the announcement of fundamental without, just compensation therefor." certainty that there can be no mistake principles, and leave the matter of Now, it is perhaps & somewhat nico made in regard to it by the Legislature. details to be determined upon by the question whether compensation can be I ask, then, why not incorporate here respective committees to which they | anything short of legal tender. substantially the same provision that is properly belong :
Mr. MUSSEY. Exactly.... . : contained in the Constitution of 1850, Mr. BILLS. The gentleman from Mr. BILLS. I think the Legislain regard to cities and villages, and why Wayne referred to the position taken ture would find no difficulty in pro- in: not extend that to all the rural dis- by myself in regard to this matter; and viding for the compensation, inasmuch tricts, as well as to the cities and villa- inquired if this should not be so plain as this section does not prescribe the
that the humblest individual may fully specific timo within which that pay- : My friend from Lenawee, (Mr. comprehend it? In reply to the gen- ment shall be rendered. The Legisla· BILLS,) says that he considers thïs sec- tleman, I would say, that it seems to ture may so adjust the law in regard
tion, as it stands in this article, all that mo no qualification is needed in order to it, that the compensation for the we need. I would ask the gentleman to simplify it. It reads: "The prop- property of non-residents for instance when this compensation is to be paid? erty of no person shall be taken for can be deposited beforehand, or the The compensation may be fixed by public use without just compensation security for its payment made beforevirtue of an act of the Legislature. But therefor.” The very language of the hand. That is a question about which when is it to be paid; before you take section itself recognizes that principle; gentlemen might differ. My own conpossession of the property, or after you recognizes precisely the view which the viction would be that the Legislature take possession of it? As I understand gentleman takes; that no property shall could make such provisions. the law now in regard to telegraph be taken until paid for.
Mr. MUSSEY. I think the supreme companies in this State, those compa- But here the question might arise, court would make more trouble than nies take possession of property before how paid for? If I buy a house, and the Legislature.,
demonstrated the fact that there is a " therefor," was added to it? I see by The CHAIRMAN. The next article necessity for some such provision as is reference to Constitution of the Unitod l is the one entitled . Elections." contained in the amendment proposed States that that word is not there em- Mr. VAN VALKENBURGH. A by the gentleman from Wayne, (Mr. ployed.
member of that committee is absent who MCCLELLAND.) Yet at the same time Mr. PRATT. The gentleman, I be- desires to be present when this article I do not think we want to incorporate lieve, is a member of the committee on is taken up and considered. I hope it such a provision in the bill of rights; I phraseology, and ought to be able to may also be passed over for the presbelieve there is a place for everything answer that question himself. If there ent, if there is any other business of that kind. I believe, also, that if | is anything wrong about the phrase- which the committee of the whole can
in which we should content ourselves to have it corrected,
The CHAIRMAN. The Chair finds with the simple enunciation of funda- Mr. WILLARD. I think that would upon the files two articles entitled mental principles, it is the bill of rights. I be useless, and I move that it be struck Elections," one reported by the man I believe the details governing these out.
jority of the committee on elections, cases can be provided for in the article) Mr. GIDDINGS. I hope we will and the other reported by the minority on miscellaneous provisions, or in the not strike out anything here, just be-l of that committee. There is also on article on legislative department, or in cause it does not happen to be in the the files an article entitled - Legislative some other article more appropriate for Constitution of the United States Departments it than this. In this article we should! Mr. WILLARD. It seems to mol Mr. HENDERSON. The chairman content ourselves with the simple enun- | that the word is useless; that it is mere of the committee on the legislative de: ciation of the principle that property tautology.
partment, (Mr. CONGER,) is not now shall not be taken without compensa- Mr. LOVELL. I suggest that the
L. I suggest that the present. Inasmuch as both of the tion will be allowed to remain just as discuss these questions of phraseology the committee on elections, (Messrs. it is.
in their own committee room, and not VÄN VALKENBURGH and CROCKER,) are · Mr. WITHEY. I want to suggest, bring them here before the committee present. I think it would be better to in reference to the amendment of the of the whole: I hope, the committee consider the article on elections, than gentleman from Wayne, whether it will vote down this motion to amend, to take up the article on the legislative would not be better to leave this sec- and leave that committee something department in the absence of the tion to stand just as it was reported to do.:
chairman of that committee. by the committee, in view of the fact Mr. VAN VALKENBURGH. I riso Mr MUSSEY I was that it is in precisely the language of for the purpose of sustaining the lject to passing over the article on the the Constitution of the United States; amendment proposed by the gentleman military department. It is a short and whether there is anything gained from Calhoun, (Mr. WILLARD,) to strike article, and unless there is a necessity by inserting the words proposed by out the word “therefor." The word is for the chairman of that committee to him? In Article V of the amendments, perfectly superfluous, is of no use, and be present when it is considered. I of the Constitution of the United I hope it will be stricken out. I think we might as well take it up now. States will be found these words: Mr. WALKER. While we are en- The CHAIRMAN The Chair will “Nor shall private property be taken gaged in correcting the grammar of
ar 01 entertain any motion in relation to the for public use without just compensa- this section, I move to correct the
business of the committee which any tion.” That is the language of the grammar of the amendment, so that it me
member may make. Constitution of the United States, will read “stricken out," and not
Mr. P. D. WARNER. I hope this and it is substantially the language of struck out."
committee will not take back its action this section. This reads, “The prop- Mr. WILLARD. I am content with
in regard to the consideration of the erty of no person shall be taken for the expression as it is. I think I havo
0 article entitled "Military Department." public use without just compensation undoubted authority for the use of the wa
ithout Just compensations undoubted authority or the use OI Well We have here now the reports of both therefor.” It seems to me that we word "struck," as the perfect participle brand
o the perfect parecipe branches of the committee on eleccannot enlarge the principle by the of the verb " strike."
tions; the members who represent both language which the gentleman proposes Mr. VAN VALKENBURGH. It is
of those reports are in their places, to add to this section. It appears to no matter how it is done, so it is dono.
and but a single member of the comme that the Legislature will have pow- The question was then taken on
on mittee is absent. If it is policy for er under the section as reported by the striking out the word therefor," and the
and the committee of the whole to wait the committee, to do all that they could do it was not agreed to, upon a division,
O return of every member of any standwith the amendment proposed by the ayes 14, noes not counted. . !
ing committee, before the article regentleman from Wayne.
The article entitled "Bill of Rights,” ported by that standing committee The question was then taken upon as amended by the committee of the shall be considered, then I think it the amendment of Mr. MCCLELLAND to whole, was then laid aside, to be re- will be a long time before we get add to section twenty-three the words, Iported to the Convention.
through with the business for which
we were sent here. I see no necessity ask the suspension of the rule, requir- existing in the principal city of Michifor postponing the article on elections. ing the article to be read through, and gan. It was then considered a good
Mr. BILLS. I move that we now then resume the consideration of the rule that wherever there was a unity take up the article on elections. . subject. If no motion is made to that of interest existing, the object of the
Mr. GIDDINGS. I desire to say effect, the Secretary will proceed with Convention being to carry that idea one word. I hope that we will not the reading of the article.
out in the Constitution, it should not proceed to consider the article on elec- The Secretary accordingly read the in any way be interfered with. This tions, out of courtesy to one of the article through; and then proceeded to has been the rule from 1850 to the the members of that committee who read the article by sections for amend- present time in the city of Detroit. I desires to be present at the time of the ment.
: do not know whether it has been exdiscussion and consideration of that The first section was read as follows: tended to other cities of the State or article. I observe that the chairman SECTION 1. The legislative power is vested, not. But I apprehend that the city of of the committee on the legislative in a Senate and House of Representatives. Detroit is now united in regard to this department, is now present. I would No amendment was offered to this matter. I think it would be a great very much prefer that we might take section.
disappointment to the people of that up the article entitled “Legislative
NUMBER OF SENATORS. i city to have a different principle estabDepartment."
| The next section was read as follows: lished. I, therefore, move this amendMr. VAN VALKENBURGH. , Sol SECTION 2. The Senate shall consist of ment, and hope it will be adopted. far as I am myself concerned, I have thirty-two members. But after the year 1870, By reference to page 61 of the Manual. no objection to proceeding with the th the the Legislature may increase the number to it will ha forina thot Tihovo icad thin
it will be found that I have used the wawe thirty-three, by authorizing the election of consideration of the article on elections. two Senators in that portion of the State now exact language employed in the presI have redeemed my pledge to the included within the limits of the Thirty-Sec-lent Constitution. My friend from Sag
it . Than ond Senatorial District. Sepators shall be · member of that committee; I have
inaw (Mr. MILLER) says that there is elected for four years, and by single districts. asked to have that article postponed At the first election after the adoption of this no use in the word " township in my for the present. I will now abide the Constitution, Senators in the odd numbered amendment. Perhaps that may be so; order of the committee of the whole. 18 la districts shall be elected for two years, and in
but some cities also constitute town-
wcboose one Senator. No county shall be divi.
Mr. .CONGER. I desire to state
article with some unanimity, were of of the article on the legislative départ-1 No amendment was offered to this the opinion that there was no particument. section.,
lar reason why a city should not be diThe CHAIRMAN. The question is NUMBER OF REPRESENTATIVES, ETC. vided in the formation of representaupon the motion of the gentleman The next section was read as follows: tive districts, any more than a county. from Lenawee (Mr. BILLS) to proceed SECTION 3. The House of Representatives A city is divided into wards; the into the consideration of the article on shall consist of one hundred members. Rep-terests of the different parts of the city elections.
resentatives shall be chosen for two years, 1
and by single districts. Each representative Mr. COOLIDGE. I move to amend district shall coptain, as nearly as may be,
are as diverse, at least, as are the dif
ferent parts of a county. It seemed that motion by inserting “legislatives an equal number of inbabitants, including civ- to the committee, and it seems to me, • department" instead of selections." Ilized persons of Indian descent, not mem
that a representative system by single
enient and contiguous territory. In every districts. comes nearer to the expression amendment of Mr. COOLIDGE, and it county entitled to more than one Representa of the immediate will of the constitwas agreed to. .
tive, the board of supervisors shall assemble L'at such time and place as may be provided by
uents of each representative, than The motion, as amended, was then law, and divide the same into representative would any other system. The com. agreed to.
districts, equal to the number of Representa- mittee could see no reason why a difLEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT.. tives to which such county is entitled by law, forant maleshonla haodontodini record and shall cause to be filed in the offices of the
ferent rule should be adopted in regard The committee of the whole thep Secretary of State, and clerk of such county, to a county Iroin
d clerk of such county, to a county from that adopted in re-
- the population thereof, according to the last
ing.a city into representative districts, The CHAIRMAN. The Secretary Mr. MCCLELLAND. I move to its own pour
its own boundaries and sub-divisions ' will proceed to read the article through; amend this section by inserting after
for municipal purposes rendering it at after which, it will be read by sections, the words « shall consist of convenienti least as easy of division as a township for amendment.
and contiguous territory.". the fol- and a county.. In accordance with a Mr. P. D. WARNER. I move that lowing:
principle which the committee have the irsu reading of the article qe aus! "But no township or city shall be divided adopu
adopted, and which, with the exception pensed with, and that it be now read in the formation of a representative district. referred to by the gentleman from . . by sections for amendment.
When any towoship or city shall contain a Wayne, has been the controlling prin· The CHAIRMAN. The opinion of Po
wel population which entitles it to more than one link in the stato for
ciple in the State for years past, that
.!! the Chair is that the rule of the Con- shall elect by general ticket the pumber of is, having representation by single dis. vention cannot be suspended in com representatives to which it is entitled.”. . tricts as far as may be, the committee i mittee of the whole. The rule of the This section will then read as does left out of this section the provision of
Convention requires that each article the corresponding section in the Con- the present Constitution to which the . shall be read through, before it is read stitution of 1850. The provision was gentleman has referred. It seems to
by sections for amendment. The only adopted in the Constitution of 1850, as me that it is more in accordance with way to secure the object proposed by I understood at the time-although I the general system sdopted for other the gentleman from Oakland, (Mr. P.D. was then residing in a different county parts of the State. It seemed to the WARNER,) would be for the committee from the one in which I at present re- committee that it was perfectly practito rise, report to the Convention, and side--because of the unity of interest cable, and that it would inure to the