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Law cases, mercantile .... 66, 182, 285, 383, 486, 602, Maryland, currency of, prior to 1739.........

....... 345
of patents..

66

tariff of duties by stamp law of....... 413
Lead region, the..
181 Massachusetts, banks in.......

208
extracting silver from........

95
finances of, 1846...

209
mines and trade of the west.............. 96

condition of banks of, 1846...... 307
prices of, at St. Louis, 1844-46............ 322

savings banks, 1846. 308
Legislative policy of Maine, regard, corporations 256

Western railroad............... 324
Lehigh coal region..........

203

currency, prior to 1739.......... 345
Letter of credit..

railroads of, 1846............... 418
Life insurance, mutual...

152

progress of population, 1790-1840 482
society on the basis of mutual... 152

imports at Boston, in British steam
annuities, tontines, etc....... 48, 445

packets, 1840-46. ............ 426
Light, port of Genoa........ .......... 512

progress of wealth in, 1790-1840.. 435
on Vairo Island.....

......... 91

value of tax. property, 1790-1840. 436
en Cape St. Vincent, new...........

91, 215

prop. per et. of wealth in the sev-
floating, on coast of Ireland............. 316

eral counties, 1790-1840....... 436
on Cape Frehel.....

........ 634

prop. per ct. of population, in the
Light-bouse on Beaver island, Halifax.........., 315

several counties, 1790-1840.... 437
Loch Ryan, Scotland............. 633

average amount of wealth among
Light-houses on the coast of Sweden............ 90

the inhabitants, 1790-1840.... 437
Light-tower at Brusterort....

315

increase of wealth, 1790-1840.... 439
of Thunde, lantern on............. 315

prop. per ct. of increase of wealth
on the island of Soerhaagen...
...... 404

by counties, 1790-1840........ 438
Lima, Peru, public lotteries of.

300

inc. per cent of pop., 1790-1840.. 439
* the mint at...

308

wealth of six towns, 1790-1840.. 440
Liverpool, rates of freight from New York to.... 388

increase of wealth, and prop. of
British tobacco warehouse at........ 396

incr. in six towns, 1790-1840.. 440
and New York steamers ............ 621

total incr. of wealth, 1790-1840.. 441
London, rates of continental bills in...

392

average amount of wealth to each
prices of leading articles of import, 1837

individual, in 1840............. 441
and 1847...

492

total population, 1840...
docks, the....

639

average bank capital, 1803-20... 443
Lotteries, public, of Lima, Peru........ ..... 300

insurance companies, 1846...... 508
Louisiana, law of debtor and creditor in. 53, 165, 281

manufacture of tapestry carpeting 533
finances of.......

... 310 Measures, weights, and currency of Belgium.... 303
Lowell and its manufactures......

356

foreign........ 507
population at different periods... .... 356 Mercantile law cases..... 66, 182, 285, 383, 486, 602
manufacturing corporations............ 357

miscellanies. . 121, 216, 296, 394, 510, 635
average hours of labor....

.... 359

library association of Philadelphia... 216
average wages....
....... 359

New York..... 297
character of the factory operatives...... 361

Montreal...... 296
average div. of each company, 1825-41.. 362

biography-The late Robert Thom.. 381
manufactures, statisties of..

422

David Ricardo. 458
classes, or grades, the....

395

Merchandise on Columbia railroad...... 326
MACAO, China, harbor regulations of, 1846...... 213 Merchant vessels, passengers in .......... 410, 504
regulations of the province of.... 505

the good..............
Magellan, passage through the Straits of........ 513 Washington as a ...........
Mail steamships, U. States naval and ........... 419 the praying Parsee.....

........ 301
Maine, legislative policy regarding corporations. 256

position of the American............. 636
Malacca, commerce in the Straits of........... 351 Merchants and business men, hints to........... 218
imports and exports.. ............... 352

at Valparniso, the................., 302
climate and population............... 352 Mexican ports, U. States tariff* regulations for... 497
Manufacture of railroad iron in the U. States 97, 530 Mexico, U. States commercial regulations with.. 455
of marble by casting.....

535

exports to from England, in 1846....... 457
of bristles at Cincinnati............ 632 port of Tampico...... ........ 404

of paper in the United States...... 632 Michigan, shipments of four and wheat, 1842–46 191
Manufactured duck, American...

535
wheat-growing counties of...

295
Mangfacturing industry of New York..

92

commerce of Detroit, 1842-46........ 322
Yaoufactures, extent of cotton, in England...... 330 Microscope, commercial value of the..

511
statistics of Lowell..
422 Mineral resources of Missouri...

177
influence of on population....... 631 and perfumery manufactory, Roussel's.. 217
Marble, manufacture of by casting..

535 wealth of South Australia........ 424
Maryland, debt and finances of, 1846........... 306 Mines, lead, and trade of the West............. 95

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Mines, Cornwall and Swansea.

421 | Norway, trade and commerce of-continued.
" coal, of Belgium......

235
total value of exports......

.............. 143
coal, of Pennsylvania..

327

imports from Denmark, 1835-38-41... 144
French coal and iron....

329

** Sweden and Russia, .... 145
of Upper California.......

365

Prussin and Ger. States. 146
iron, of Belgium.......

4. Holland and G. Britain.. 147
gold, in Orel and Siberia....

629

France ...

................ 148
Mint at Lima, Peru......

308

“ Belg., Spain, and Purt'l. 149
U. States branch, New Orleans.

310
shipping.....

149
and branches, coinage of......... 506 Novel commercial speculation..

301
1793-1846. 624
Mississippi river, railroad to from lake Michigan. 115

law of debtor and creditor in... 379OCEAN steam navigation, origin of Atlantic..... 174
Missouri, iron mountains of....

94 steamers between Havre and New York. . 617
mineral resources of.

177 Oceans, union of Atlantic and Pacific..... 278
mineralogical observations in. 117 Odessa, Russia, exports from, 1840–46..

629
manufactures in.....
424 Official smuggler......

637
Molasses, export of from Havana, 1845–46...... 529 Ohio, decisions in courts of..

285
Montreal mercantile library association......... 296 canal tolls, 1842–46...

191
Mutual life insurance.........

152 " canals, and the public works of............ 420

valley, coal and iron trade of the...... 450, 629
N.

law of debtor and creditor in ...... .. 469
Nautical intelligence.... 89, 215, 315, 404, 512, 633 Oil, sperm and whale imported into U.S., 1846... 318
invention for steering ships....... 90, 215

1838-44 319
Naval and mail steamships, U. States........... 419 Opium trade at Hong-Kong, commerce and the.. 122
Navigation and naval architecture...... 19, 131, 227 Origin of the dollar mark....

309
and commerce, academy at Trieste.. 60
origin of Atlantie steam........... 172

P.
commercial of Great Britain, 1821-45 197 PACIFIC and Atlantic oceans, union of.......... 278
laws, suspension of the British...... 409 line of steamers....

420
Neapolitan tariff.....

87

trade, American East India and......... 528
New Hampshire, currency of, prior to 1739..... 346 Parsee merchant, the praying.....

.... 301
New Jersey,

..... 347 Passengers in merchant vessels.............
finances of, 1846...
209 Patents, the law of......

66
New London, whale and shore fisheries of...... 273 Pennsylvania, currency of prior to 1739.. 347
New Orleans, flour inspected at, 1815–46........ 114

iron trade of, 1844-46.

201
United States branch mint of..... 310

coal trade of..............

202, 206
foreign and coast wise exports of.. 317

finances of, 1846........
weight of bales of cotton......... 321

coal mines and trade of.......... 327
steam between England and...... 535

iron works in 1842........

587
arrivals of lead, 1828-46......... 97

rolling, mills, forges, and nail facto-
New York, manufacturing industry of...

92
ries, 1846.................

589, 590
State finances and corporations..... 118

state tolls on merchandise, 1847... 621
commerce and navigation, 1845-46.. 194 Perfumery, manufacture of.....

217
imports, 1845-46...
194 Pero, public lotteries of Lima.....

300
foreign and coastwise arrivals, 1846. 195 " the mint at Lima........

308
arrivals and passengers, 1830-16..... 196 Philadelphia, prices of stocks at, 1836-46........ 120
tobacco trade of 1846...

196
and Reading railroad..

210
mercantile library association....... 297

mercantile library association...... 216
chartered and free banks, 1845-46... 304

Wilmington and Baltimore r'road.. 326
State debt, 1846...

305
commerce of, 1815–46...

425
currency of, prior to 1739..

346
imports of, 1845-46.......

425
rates of freight to Liverpool, 1844-47 388

exports of to foreiga ports, 1845-46. 425
prices of hemp, 1843-47..

389

ton'ge ent. from for. count., 1845-6. 425
banks of, 1844-47......

391

arrivals and clearances, 1845–46.... 425
trade and commerce of, 1691....... 399

domestic exports of, 1845-46....... 527
banks, means and liabilities of, '45-47 609

duties and imports of since 1830.... 526
ocean steamers between Havre and. 617 Plank roads, new improvement.....

367
and Liverpool steamers............ 621 Platina, Russian gold and...................... 532
Nidingen rocks, beacons on the................ 91 Population, influence of manufactures on....... 631
North Carolina, currency of, prior to 1739....... 347

statistics of.....
Norway, trade and commerce of.....

progress of in Mass., 1765-1840...... 402
timber exported, 1835-41............. 140

in western states, increase of........ 403
fish exported, 1815-41................ 141

in Paris, progress of................ 403
metals and minerals exported, 1835-41. 142 Pork and lard exported from U.S., 1821-45...., 106

410, 504

209

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Post-office regulations on letters to Bremen, etc.. 616|Silver and gold in America, product of........ 413
Production and consumption of sugar........... 64 coinage of in the U.S., from 1793–1846... 624
of sugar in the East Indies........... 375 Singapore, commercial prospects of..

302
Provisions, import of cured into England, 1845... 122

commerce of...........
Sleswick, beacons on western coast of..........
Smuggler, official....

637
QUEBEC, statistics of shipping at, 1845-46...... 114 Smuggling by American and French whalers.... 401

tobac. at Liv'p'l, ingenious meth, of.. 401
R.
Smyrna, buoys in the gulf of........

91
RAILROAD, canal, and steamboat statistics, 115, Soerhaagen, new light-tower on the island of.... 404

210, 324, 415, 535, 617 South Australia, mineral wealth of............. 424
Railroad iron, manufacture of in U. States 97, 212, 530 South Carolina, currency of prior to 1739....... 348

from lake Michigan to the Mississippi.. 115 Spain, commercial code of, No. 3.............. 378
Philadelphia and Reading..... 210 St. Louis, the fur trader's post.....

212
Massachusetts Western...

324

prices of wheat flour, hemp, and lead,
Philada., Wilmington, and Baltimore.. 326

at, 1844-46.....

322
Columbia, merchandise on the........ 326 St. Vincent, cape, new light on................ 91
system, success of the English. 326 Steam navigation, origin of Atlantic ocean...... 172
Reading

415 Steamers, Pacific line of....................... 420
rates of freight and tolls on coal 537 betw'n Havre and N. York, regul's of.. 617
Troy and Greenbush................. 537 New York and Liverpool...... 621
Railroads, transit of cattle on .......

417 Steamships, United States naval and mail....... 419
Massachusetts, 1846..

418 Steam-vessels, British regulations for............ 88
German, traffic on, 1846...

619
navigation of....

214
Railway construction, cost of in Great Britain.. 536 Straits of Malacca, commerce in tho..... ....... 351
Reading railroad.....

415, 537

“ Magellan, passage through the........ 512
Redcar, England, buoy on the Salt Scar off..... 512 Sugar, production of in the East Indies......... 375
Regulations for steam-vessels, British........... 88 import and consump. in U. 8., 1801-46... 526

of the port of Macao, China........ 213 and molasses exp'd f'm Havana, 1845–46. 529
for shipment of cotton....

214 prod. and consump. of in the world, '44.. 64
new, of French West India islands.. 314 Swansea and Cornwall, mines of...
new commercial of Cuba.......... 314 Sweden, exports from to Denmark, 1835, '38, '41. 145
of the province of Macao........ 505

light-houses on the coast of..

90
Revenue of England, from 1066 to 1826. ....... 309
1836-45...
413

T.
1846-47...
627 TARIFF, United States.....

81
Revenues on merchandise, 1821-45............. 109 Neapolitan....

87
Ricardo, David, biography of.......

458 British, table of duties under............ 405
Rice, export from United States, 1821-45....... 106 of duties by the stamp law of Maryland.. 413
Rio de Janeiro, commerce of, 1836-47.......... 371 “ regulations for Mexican ports, U. States.. 497

exports in 1840................ 371 Tea exported from China to U. S., 1845–46. 199, 425
aggregate value of exports..... 371 "consumption of in the world, 1845–46. ..... 302
imports, 1836-39...... 372 Tenez, cape, rock off........

633
coffee exported, 1837-46........ 374 Thunoe, lantern on the light-tower of. .... 315

to U.S., 1842-46 374 Timber, British customs-duties on.............. 312
Rocbester, wool trade of.....
104 Tobacco warehouse at Liverpool..

397
wool shipped from, 1844-46.

105

ingenious method of smuggling. 401
flour manufacture and trade.

96
contract, French......

509
Russia, commerce of, 1845,...

628

British imports of, 1845-46............ 426
exports from Odessa ....

628

trade of New York, 1846............. 196
Russian trade at Kiachta.....

38 Tolls on coal, per Philada, and Read. railroad,'47 537
gold and platina...

532 " Pennsylvania State, 1847................ 621

Trade, Russian, at Kiachta.................... 38
S.
of the west, lead mines and....

96
SAG HARBOR whale fishery, 1845.....

102

wool, of Rochester, New York... 104
Salt Scar, buoy on the..........

512 export, of the island of Cuba............ 110
Savings banks of Massachusetts, 1846.

308 cotton-wool, of Great Britain........... 111
Seamen, foreign, in British ships..
88 timber of United Kingdom.

112
Ship-building in New York....

534
iron, etc., of Great Britain.

114
Shipping of Quebec, statistics of..

114
opium, at Hong-Kong...

122
“ five American states...

316
and commerce of Norway..

138
Shipway, wreck in the....
512 tobacco, of New York, 1846.

196
Siberia, gold mines in....
629 Pennsylvania iron, 1844-46...

2016
Silk exported from China to U. States, 1845–46. . 200 coal, of Pennsylvania...

202, 327
Bilver, extraction of from lead....
951 the British copper ..........

207

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Trade, the poetry of free......

394 U. States, commercial treaty with Hanover..... 61
and commerce of New York, 1691......

entire coinage of, 1793–1846......... 624
the fur.......

420

quantity and value of domestic ex-
coal and iron of the Ohio valley.... 450, 629

ports, 1845–46....

625
American East India and Pacific....... 529

manufacture of paper............... 632
iron, of Europe and United States...... 574 Upper California, mines of........

365
British hop.....

639 Uralian mountains, Russian gold and platina in, 532
Treaty between United States and Hanover..... 611
Trieste, academy of commerce and navigation... 60

v.
Troy and Greenbush railroad..
537 Vairo island, revolving light on...............

91
Tuscany, corn·laden vessels exempted from dues. 633 Valparaiso, custom-house and exchange at...... 297

merchants .....

302
Van Dieman's land......

404
UNDERWRITING in Great Britain, process of.... 121
Onion White Lead Company, Brooklyn....

421
of Atlantic and Pacific oceans..........

278
United Kingdom, timber trade of the...........
112 Warehousing system......

85
U. States, commerce and navigation, 1845-46.... 513 Washington as a merchant.................... 298
domestic exports....

513 West, granary of the......
foreign exports.....

516 West India islands, French, new regulations of.. 314
imports
.......... 517 West Point Foundry, Cold Spring..

421
exports and imports of each State.... 518 Western Australia, ports of......

91
value of imports and exports......... 519

railroad, the Massachusetts..

324
navigation .......

States, increase of population in....... 403
tonnage ...

......... 521 Whale fishery, American, statistics of.......... 98
versels built in each State........... 523

Sag Harbor, 1845............... 102
tonnage entered in each State........ 524

of the United States, 1846....... 318
tonnage cleared from each State..... 525 Whale and sperm oil imported into U.S., 1841-45 100
imports and exports under three tariffs 77 Whalebone imported into U. States, 1841-45.... 100
tea and coffee consumed in, 1822-34.. 78/Whalers, smuggling by American and French... 401
domestic exports, 1842-46........... 79

at Van Dieman's Land..............

404
tariff regulations and instructions...... 81 Whaling-vessels owned in U. States, 1829–46... 99
manufacture of railroad iron. 97, 212, 530

arrived in Sag Harbor, 1845.... 102
commercial statistics of, 1821-45..... 107

cleared from

103
import of teas from China, 1845-46 199, 425 Wheut, cost of raising.......

293
import of silk, etc., from China, '45-46 200 prices of at St. Louis, 1814-46.

322
stock, treasury notes converted into... 310

in European markets, 1846.... 323
whale fishery, 1846................. 318 Wheat-growing, cost of.......

472
imports of sperm and whale oil, '38–46. 319 Wilciogton, Philadelphia, and Baltimore rail-
Consulate, Jamaica................. 411
road, 1846.....

326
naval and mail steamships...........

419 Wool trade of Rochester, New York...... 104
commercial regulations with Mexico., 455 shipped from Rochester, 1814-46......... 105
tariff regulations for Mexican ports... 497 average prices in western N. York, '35-46 105
mint and branches, coinage of, 1836.. 506 Wreck, near the Five Fathom Channel......... 512
treasury potes and stocks............ 509

in the Shipway........

512
import and consump.

of

sugar, 1801-46 526
iron trade of Europe and...

Y.

574
commercial cities and towns......... 596 Yarmouth and Lowestoft, buoys in vicinity of.. 634

44

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INDEX TO THE FIRST TEN FOLUMES OF TIIE MERCHANTS MAGAZINE.

Since the publication of the TENTH VOLUME of the MERCHANTS' MAGAZINE, I have given
an alphabetical index to each of the succeeding volumes, similar to the present; and I
have just published, in pamphlet form, an index for the first ten volumes of the work,
which will be furnished to subscribers to the whole series, gratis, on personal application
at the office of the Merchants' Magazine, or by letter, post-paid.

FREEMAN HUNT,
Editor and Proprietor of the Merchants' Magazine.

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I. HISTORICAL SKETCH OF NAVIGATION AND NAVAL ARCHITECTURE, No. III.

New series. By Gen. H. A. S. DEARBORN, of Massachusetts, author of " A Memoir of the

Commerce and Navigation of the Black Sea, and the Trade and Maritime Geography of

Turkey and Egypt," etc...........

19

II. COMMERCE WITH THE EASTERN COAST OF AFRICA,.....

29

TIL COMMERCE AND RESOURCES OF ALTA CALIFORNIA. By a Merchant of New

York,

34

IV. THE RUSSIAN TRADE AT KIACHTA.-Notices of the Trade carried on by the Rus-

sians at Kiachta, upon the Frontiers of China,..

38

V. THE INVENTION OF THE COTTON-GIN: With Reference to its Effects on the Pro-

duction of Cotton,

VL ANNUITIES, LIFE INSURANCE, TONTINES, ETC.—No. I. By J. F. Extz, Account-

ant, of New York,..

48

VII. LAW OF DEBTOR AND CREDITOR IN LOUISIANA-No. III. By FRANCIS H. Up-

TOX, Esq., Counsellor at Law, late of New Orleans, now of New York,

53

VIII. LAW OF DEBTOR AND CREDITOR IN ALABAMA-No. II. By Hon. BENJAMIN F.

PORTER, of Alabama,.......

57

IX. ACADEMY OF COMMERCE AND NAVIGATION AT TRIESTE. Translated from

the “Gjornale del Lloyd Austriaco" for January, 1845,...

60

X. THE CURIOSITIES OF COMMERCE: THE CORAL FISHERY,

62

XI. COMMERCE AND THE MISSIONARY ENTERPRISE,..

65

MERCANTILE LAW CASES.

The Law of Patents-Cases of Injunctions.....

66

COMMERCIAL CHRONICLE AND REVIEW,

EM BRACING A FINANCIAL AND COMMERCIAL REVIEW OF THE UNITED STATES, ETC., ILLUSTRATED

WITH TABLES, LTC., AS FOLLOWS:

View of Commercial Enterprise-Demand for Shipping-Management of the Government Fi-

Bances—The New Tariff--Mexican War-European Railroads—Rates of Bills in London--Bul-

llon in the Bank of England-Stocks of Cotton in Europe and America, in 1845, '46-Deliveries

of Cotton for Consumption in France and England, in 1844, '45, '46–Current Prices of Cotton in

1€ 16, compared with 1844, '45–Import of Goods into the U. S. under three Tariffs-Exports

from the U.S.-Specie Movement-Quantities of Tea and Coffee consumed in the U. S., with

the Rates and Amount of Duties-Domestic Exports of the U. States for five years, etc., etc.,.. 72

VOL. XVI.-NO. I.

2

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