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HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
FIRST SESSION OF THE THIRTY-SEVENTH CONGRESS;
BEGUN AND HELD
AT THE CITY OF WASHINGTON,
JULY 4, 1861,
N THE EIGHTY-SIXTH YEAR OF THE INDEPENDENCE OF THE UNITED STATES.
THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
CONGRESS OF THE UNITED STATES : BEGUN and held at the Capitol, in the city of Washington, in the District of Columbia, on Thursday, the fourth day of July, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-one; being the First Session of the THIRTY-SEVENTH CONGRESS held under the Constitution of the Government of the United States, and in the eighty-sixth year of the Independence of said States.
On which day, being the day fixed by proclamation of the President of the United States, of the 15th of April, 1861, for the meeting of Congress, which said proclamation is in the words following, to wit:
By the President of the United States.
Whereas the laws of the United States have been for some time past and now are opposed, and the execution thereof obstructed in the States of South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Florida, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas, by combinations too powerful to be suppressed by the ordinary course of judicial proceedings, or by the powers vested in the marshals by law :
Now, therefore, I, Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States, in virtue of the power in me vested by the Constitution and the laws, have thought fit to call forth, and hereby do call forth, the militia of the several States of the Union, to the aggregate number of seventy-five thousand, in order to suppress said combinations, and to cause the laws to be duly executed.
The details for this object will be immediately communicated to the State authorities through the War Department.
I appeal to all loyal citizens to favor, facilitate, and aid this effort to maintain the honor, the integrity, and the existence of our national Union, and the perpetuity of popular government, and to redress wrongs already long enough endured.
I deem it proper to say that the first service assigned to the forces hereby called forth will probably be to repossess the forts, places, and property which have been seized from the Union; and in every