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she thinks, could only intend to prohibit ed: wrongly inferred, we say, because it false or slanderous teaching on the part of quite overlooks Paul's usual mode of rewomen, like that of “the woman Jezebel” buking an error, even as exemplified several in the Revelation. But it is obvious to re times in this very epistle. He always first mark that had the apostle wished merely to rebukes it in its more extravagant forms, repress such teaching he would have con and proceeds, perhaps through several demned the doctrines themselves, and have chapters, and after apparent digressions, to censured them as much if uttered by men his final judgment. Thus (to pass over as by women. As to the promise of Joel, some instances less obvious to the superPaul certainly did not contravene it. Pro ficial reader) in chapter vi. he first conphecy can never safely be taken as a rule of demas their going to law before the unpractice; it is an announcement simply of godly, next shews that, as the saints are what will be. We may not assume that we
to judge the world and angels, the very are the agents. Peter justified himself and humblest in the church were more worthy his companions, although Galileans, merely to be their judges than wicked men,-then, (v. 7, and Joha vii. 52) by referring to that they ought to find some wise man in prophecy which foretold the miraculous the church to settle their disputes, and at effusion of the Spirit, not merely on regular last comes out with the true christian prinprophets, but on persons of much humbler ciple: "you are wholly wrong in having pretensions, who, hitherto, had not been
such litigations at all; you ought rather to thus honoured. The wonderful gifts of suffer wrong, rather to be defrauded” Pentecost were thus bestowed, and their
(Matt. v. 38-41). Thus, again, in the case wonderful nature was the evidence that the
of eating meat offered to idols, he argues prophecy was rightly interpreted. Peter
first on the lower grounds, in chapter viii., was as far as Paul from thinking that either
"you ought not, because of your knowledge the law of Moses, or the law of female
that idols and their sacrifices are nothing, modesty, was repealed as the general rule,
to grieve the consciences of your weaker either by the prophesy, or by its fulfilment.
brethren by eating. You are not com
mended to God by eating. You may emAs to Priscilla with her husband in, structing Apollos at their home, in what he
bolden your still unenlightened brethren to could not know without their information,
act with a doubting conscience; you ought, we think it a very safe model for all who
as I do (chap. ix.), to sacrifice the right to
eat all things for another's good;" till (chap. are sure of their being equal to Priscilla,
x.) he advances to an utter condemnation and as much superior in knowledge to
of the whole thing, as utterly inconsistent some zealous preacher as she necessarily
with their fellowship with Christ, and the was to Apollos. We especially commend to Elizabeth's attention that Priscilla did it
expression of that fellowship in the Lord's with her husband, and by “taking him
Supper; and, in the strongest terms, conunto them.”
cludes that they can in no wise consistently
eat what was recognised by another as Without dwelling longer, however, on
having been offered to idols. subordinate details, we will state what we
And so in the present case. conceive to have been the apostle's real
mencing the 11th chapter, the apostle inargument and views on the subject. We do not conceive him to have rested on any
troduces the subject by establishing the mere arbitrary ceremonial command of the
subordination of the woman to the man; law, but on the created and natural rela
that as God (in the economy of redemptions between the man and the woman. tion) is the Head of Christ, and Christ of We think that he held these to be incom the man, so is man of the woman; and patible with woman's “speaking in the hence concludes that praying or prophesychurch," at least in any such manner as ing, in any dress implying an equality with implied superiority over the man, or even the man, was utterly unbecoming and con. equal rank with him. From the apostle's trary to nature. From this indecorum he c nsuring, in the eleventh chapter of Corin appears to be led to notice their inconsisthians, only the praying or prophesying tency, also, in their conduct at the Lord's with uncovered head, in violation of Greek Supper; from that again to the general ideas of modest clothing, it has been very subject of their church teachings and worwrongly inferred that Paul allowed their ship, giving them the true views of the speakiog, provided their heads were cover- ! subject, asserting strongly the superiority
of love to the most admired gifts, and, | on the name of woman, or the church of therefore (chap. xiv.), the superiority of which she was a member. Ample at the the gift most useful, both to the converted present time is the scope for modest and unconverted, namely, that of prophecy female Zeal; - the young, the sick, the --nearly or in part identical with teaching. very ignorant, are abundantly open to the Summing up, therefore, the whole, and gentle, soothing, and winning efforts of finally concluding "that all things should woman. There is only too much of society be done decently and in order," he directs work for her to do, if she likes. Never, how the prophets may prophecy in order ; as a general rule, was the necessity less and, reverting to the women, entirely pro for woman to take the desk or the plathibits their speaking “in the assemblies.” form, or even the “table pew.” If, how
They are to “be in subjection;" as also ever, any differ from us, we can only say, the law says, what they wish to learn that we could not wish our mothers, (which may not have been spoken upon in wives, sisters, or even female friends, to be the assembly), they are not, as would distinguished as speakers in the church. appear to have been usual then with the In America, we are aware that the Women, to ask about in the assembly, but man's Rights Question is discussed in a “to ask their husbands at home.” The style which would little suit the tastes, we reason why single women are not adverted I hope, of English females. English women to, is, probably, that their speaking in the think their chief Right to be the love of church was too gross a violation of all father, brother, husband ; love sufficient to ideas of propriety to have been attempted insure their legal and social rights being even at Corinth. Such speaking, there accorded them. In America, too, we find fore, as in any way implied superiority to ladies evincing a strong wish to approxithe man (and certainly all teaching, ad mate, in part, to our attire. Let American vising, and leading worship, appears to do ladies claim their rights and honours in so) is utterly forbidden to women by the their own way. We think that both in the apostle. The casual observation, that the church and in society woman's influence is law also sanctioned his view, is, probably, greater in proportion to her retiring moafter his remarks in chap. xi., to be under desty ; and that even superior-minded stood of the statement, Gen. iii. 16, ii, 21 - women lose half their power if they desert, 24, also, iii. 6 (all the Pentateuch was even in appearance, the natural position then termed the law). The view of the and demeanour of their sex. Woman was apostle's meaning now given agrees ex not made to display her wisdom in public actly, also, with his language in 1 Tim. council, but, in the domestic circle, to win ii. 11-14.
a way for wise advice in the moments when And does not cultivated and unsophis the heart of man is most yielding. Oh, ticated christian taste quite accord with how mighty that influence. Would it were the dictates of inspiration? Is it any mere ever used aright! formal injunction ? bas it not its root in the
F. C. most deeply-seated and becoming feelings of our nature? Most readily do we acknow
THE JAMAICA MISSION. ledge that cases have occurred, and we can
To the Editors of “The Church,” conceive of many more, in which a “woman's speaking in the assembly” might be
Devizes, Wilts, Oct. 8th, 1851. a matter of religious necessity, and might
Dear Brethren, be felt by all to be not disobeying the rule,
Permit me to return you my sinbut yielding to the force of providential
cerest thanks for your observations on “The circumstances : such exceptions, however,
Jamaica Mssion," in the last number of are always held to confirm the rule. To
" The Church.” shout in the streets, or appear undressed in
And, if it be not tres
passing too much on your columns, allow them, would be revolting to all common
me also to add something on a topic of so sense of propriety; yet, in danger of fire,
much importance. This I the more readily or murder, it would not be thought of as
request, from the deep and extensive inunbecoming. So we think strong circum terest in Jamaica which I have found to stances might justify a departure from the prevail amongst British christians, beyond rule which forbids female speaking in all I had supposed when toiling with faithchurches, without bringing any scandal | ful brethen as unnoticed and unaided, under
overwhelming discouragements, as if there of whom they are composed, that nothing were no sympathies at home which could but ruin could result from casting them reach to that important field. What have with too great precipitation upon thembeen the personal trials of our brethren, selves, for pastoral teaching and superinand what the difficulties which on every tendence. hand have beset them, as pastors of churches It is evident, therefore, that the time gathered from one of the most degraded has arrived when it devolves on British portions of the human family, and bearing christians to say whether the mission in in themselves all the pecuniary responsibi Jamaica shall be forsaken and perish ; or lities of those churches, and the schools whether, by a measure of fostering care, connected with them, it is not possible for such as shall supply important vacancies me in your columns to explain. But when, with English labourers, and arrest the in the progress of about ten years, one further removal of pastors and teachers by third of the estates and plantations in the reason of poverty, the evil shall now be island have been thrown out of cultivation, stayed. Already our churches have diminand two-thirds of its capital have been with
ished in numbers to the extent of eleven drawn from circulation, it will be readily thousands or upwards. Brethren still maininferred that the difficulties your brethren taining their ground, are doing so in spite have borne have been of unparalleled mag
of much weakness or perpetually increasing nitude and severity. These difficulties, difficulties. Many who are incapable of joined with the inroads of disease and returning have recently ļest the field; and death, have removed more than half of our others are on the point of doing so. Upon mission band from the scene of holy enter
the few then remaining increasing difficulprise ; whilst, in most cases, their places are ties will press; and unless something be unfilled, and in others are supplied by na immediately done, all the future stores of tive agents of very partial efficiency. It is good which would result from the labours, true that thrilling expressions of sympathy and lives, and treasures, which have been have been extended to Jamaica in conse expended on Jamaica, will be “vilely cast quence of the cholera ; and money, for the away." special object of relieving those who have
I regret to find, from the article already suffered by its ravages, has been generously referred to, that you are under the impression contributed. It is also true that a few
that “the churches declined the pecuniary individual christians at home have helped assistance of the society." Allow me to some of the brethren in their calamities; correct this error. The resolution to which and that to the members of the Society of you refer was one of the Association of Friends we are, especially for our schools, Missionaries, passed at the meeting in laid under deep and lasting obligations. Kingston, in February, 1842, without the But these uncertain acts of generosity have knowledge of the churches. It related only temporarily retarded the manifesta simply to the salaries of the brethren, and tion of a constantly growing evil; whilst, expressed their determination not to apply had it not been for these, far more general to the committee for their own support, would have been the ruin of that mission except under very peculiar circumstances. which not long since was the boast of phi- | It was in the following words:--lanthropy, and the glory of the christian “That from the 1st of August next ensuing the church. And now, although we have members of this association will not draw upon cherished, and still do cherish, native
the society's funds for their support, except under
very peculiar circumstances; and, in the event of agency, as far as we can, it is not to that
such drafts becoming necessary, none shall be made aid that we can look for any great amount
without the sanction of three of the brethren." of immediate consolation. Long must be
The construction of this resolution is so the course of preparation before we can
far from severing the connexion with the be supplied with a sufficient number of
society which had ever subsisted, that it “ faithful men, able to teach others also,"
actually asserts and maintains it. And for to whom the pastoral care of such churches
two years afterwards drafts were made as those collected in Jamaica may be with
upon the society, in accordance with the safety committed. The system of modern
restrictions laid down, which were duly missionary operations has, at least in Ja honoured in London. Let it not, then, be maica, organised and cultivated churches said that the churches or missionaries in upon a scale so far superior to the people Jamaica have drawn destruction upon them.
selves by a suicidal act. An effort, of which, for my brethren's sake, I may boast, was made to relieve the funds of the society, which has unhappily resulted in so much suffering, and in the removal of so many missionaries, that the glory of God is jeopardised, and it devolves on those who are jealous for His honour to see that such measures are immediately adopted as will preserve from further destruction the churches and schools of the Jamaica mission.
An appeal to the Committee alone is not what will meet the urgent necessities of
the case. With an overwhelming debt of
P. H. CORNFORD.
Notices of Books.
HISTORY OP THE PLANTING AND TRAINING
which in a short time almost entirely OP THE CHRISTIAN CHURCH BY THB vanishes. Mr. Ryland, however, a warm APOSTLES. BY DR. AUGUSTUS NEAN admirer of Neander, has used every effort DER. TRANSLATED FROM THE GERMAN, to make his ideas as easy of apprehension BY J. E. RYLAND. 2 vols. London: as possible in an English garb; and we can Bohn.
assure our readers that he has made them
quite as facile to an Englishman, as NeanThe christian public is much indebted to
der himself has to his own countrymen. Mr. Bohn for placing this work in his
Not only have we felt his German to be Standard Library. It is, indeed, richly
difficult ourselves, but natives have told us worthy of a place in that truly cheap,
that they felt it so too. because handsomely got up and valuable
must not, therefore, be censured for not series of works. It has long been known
conveying the thoughts of a profound to many as part of Clarke's Foreign Theo
thinker in a much easier style than his logical Library; but it is now, by its price,
author has done. We are confident, indeed, accessible to all. It is well known that
that very many Englishmen familiar with even Neander, like the rest of Foreign
German will be thankful to Mr. Ryland. Theologians, differs from most English Denominations on some points; we do not
To the translation of the Third Edition, as
published by Clarke, are now added 132 read him, however, or any other Doctor, as
pages of “additions and corrections from an inspired writer; and his lovely christian
Neander's Fourth Edition.” spirit, vast knowledge of antiquity, and
better had they been incorporated with the critical sagacity as an historian, render bim
text! This, however, is not Mr. Ryland's unquestionably one of the first christian
fault. The latter 360 pages of the second writers of the day,--in his department of
volume contain one of Neander's most Church History, unquestionably the first.
valuable smaller works, a Dissertation on This work is the natural and appropriate
the Writings of Tertullian, the christian introduction to his Church History, as,
father of the second century, who, amongst indeed, his Life of Christ (also published
the Latins, is by far most worthy of attenin the Standard Library) is to the present
tive study. It is a very instructive essay. volumes. It is replete with information
In a careful analysis of this Baptist father, and suggestions for the thoughtful and in
Neander gives a fund of information on the telligently enquiring christian, All readers of translations from the German are aware
spirit and opinions of that time, and such that even in a translation it is not so easy
an introduction to Tertullian himself, as to read a German author as a pative one.
will be truly valuable to all who would He must, however, be a shallow student of study that writer in his own very difficult such matters, who would be at all dis Latin, and will give to those who would couraged by so slight a hiadrance, one too | not or could not incur that toil, all the
information they could wish for. We trust the volumes will have the circulation they so fully merit, and we tender both the translator and publisher our cordial thanks for them.
THE TEST OF EXPERIENCE ; OR, The VoLUNTARY PRINCIPLE IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. BY JOHN HowAND HINTON, A.M. Pp. 124. London: British Anti-State-Church Association.
We look upon this work as one of great importance-perhaps one of the most important that have issued from the press of the Anti-State-Church Association. “ It presents,” Mr. Hinton says in the preface, “in a small compass, and at a cheap rate, information gleaned from many and more expensive volumes ;” but it is by no means a mere gleaning; Mr. Hinton's strong and discriminating mind manifests itself throughout; and it would be scarcely possible for any candid enquirer to read the volume attentively without being convinced of the immense advantage of the Voluntary over the Compulsory principle in religion. We do not of course regard the line of argument as the most weighty on this question ; but to many minds it is more convincing than any other; and we should look for considerable results if we could induce our readers and others to put it into the hands, and recommend it to the perusal, of those who have hitherto conscientiously differed from us.
COLLEGE, ON THEIR REASSEMBLING, AUG.
We heard this sermon delivered with much pleasure, and were exceedingly gratified on learning that it was to be printed. Earnest, practical, and enlightened, its counsels are admirably adapted to improve the character, and extend the usefulness, of the ministry of the age. Our best wishes for the gentlemen to whom the sermon was delivered, and, indeed, for all the rising ministry, is, that they may attain the high standard which Mr. Webb has here put before them, and thus become, as they could not then fail to be, "good ministers of Jesus Christ."
Recent Publications. Confirmation neither Reasonable nor Scriptural; a Letter of Ex postulation to the Rev. Francis Cunningham, Vicar of Lowestoft, by a Confirmed Dissenter. (Pp. 12. London : Jarrold and Sons.)
A Monument of Divine Grace, as exemplified in the Remarkable Conversion and Happy Death of Hugh Owen, the Shoemaker, the well-known Radnorshire Champion. By the Rev. D. L. Pughe. (Pp. 16. London H. Hughes.)
The Worship of Saints and Images: a Lecture dclivered in connexion with Monthly United Religious Services. By the Rev. W. Green, Nottingham (Pp. 28. Nottinghai: J. Dunn.)
THE AGE AND THE MINISTRY. A SERMON
DELIVERED TO THE STUDENTS OF HORTON
A Page for the Young.
MY FIRST LIE. “ The way of the transgressor is hard." The way, the way, not the consequences merely, but the way is hard. While the path of the good shines brighter and brighter, that of the bad is darker and darker. I was very much impressed with this truth, in a recent conversation I held with an acquaintance of mine. She said she thought of visiting Europe, but the dread of storms on the Atlantic withheld her. “I might be drowned,” said she, “ and I have no religion.” Again, something was said of the West India Islands, when she remarked, " I should not like to live there, because of
the dreadful earthquakes that country is subject to, and I might be swallowed up in one of them.” And so I found that whatever might be the subject up, it had but one idea for her, “ Was there any danger of death?” She said to me, “I never lie down at night, but my mind is troubled with the dreadful fear that I may die before morning.” And what to me was even more astonishing and distressing, she told me that “ all her life long she had felt so." I saw that her way was "hard," not only because of the grievous fear, doubt, uneasi. ness, restlessness, unsatisfied desire, and tormenting self-accusings, she was con