« SebelumnyaLanjutkan »
inusic, dancing, and archery, which the most elegant; but all of them comprize the whole art of war and contain much curious internet, architecture, under which the system and manifest the unirertal learni of mechanical arts is included.” and strenuous diligence of tick -" Infinite advantage may be de- author. rived by Europeans, from the vari- The fecund volume of the ous nedical books in Suplereet, works contains several raicas: which contain the names and de- botanical essays, compoting oba scriptions of Indian plants and mi- vations on Indian plants, ingether reals, with their ules, discovered with a catalogue of them, gan by experience, in curing diforders.” their Santcréer, and as caryo Of the Sanscreet language he ob- their Limuzan names, as coald with ferves," that its prolody contains any degree of precifion be acero almost all the measures of the tained. After Thele esfars, fokozi Greek; and that it is remarkable, his celebrated grammar of the pers that the language of the Brahmans sian language, the universal y acFuns very naturally into Sapphicks, knowledged merits of which render Alcaicks, and lambicks.” Aftro. it altogether useless to praise. The nomical works in this language are preface to the grammar is one of exceedingly numerous : leventy the most mafterly, fpirited, andele nine of them are specified in one gant of all fir William Jones's ptilist; and if they contain the names lological compofitionis. of the principal stars visible in In- To the Grammar, the editor of dia, with oblervations on their poti- these works has added, a history of tions in different ages, what disco- the Persian language, which it 825 veries may be made in science, and fir William's original intention to what certainty attained in ancient have annexed to it in the year chronology!"
1771, when the grammar was titi The other tracis in the first vo- printed. In this treatise, he takes lume consist of fome remarks on the a comprehensive ricw of his fubSecond Classical Book of the Chi- ject, traces the progress of the Pernele; of a Scientific Differtation on fian language through a period of the Lunar Year of the Hindus ; of a two thouland years, and relieres the Treatise on the Musical líodes of dryness of the narrative by interiperthe Hindús; of a Philological Ac- ling it with pleasing citations trum count of the mystical Poetry of the the poetsand moral writers of Pertia. Persians and Hivdùs; ofthe ÍNandof The last tract in this volume is Hinzuan ; of a Conversation with a Commentary on Aliatic Poetry, an Abyffinian concerning the City written in the Latin language, and of Gwender and the Source of the it is no less distinguished for various Nile; and some Remarks on the and extensive learning, than for Course of the Nile, of a Treatise on pure taste, and correct and elegant the Indian Game of Chefs; and of compofition. Our only material fire or fix fhort Miscellaneous Elays objection to this treatise, is, the on Oriental Subjects. Of these tracis, language in which it is written, that on the mufical modes of the Hin- Surely the English tongue is fufdùs, is the mosi interesting, and by far ficiently copious to express our
ideas on any subject whatever. light upon the Hindu system than Why then render a work of this na- all the publications that haye hereture repulfive to men of the world, tofore appeared on the subject; and by writing in a language in which, it proves beyond all dispute that it is well known, they are not con- the people of India had made great versant? It has indeed been said, advances in civilization, at a period in delence of the praclice of writing when the nations of Europe were on learned subjects in the Latin, in the rudest stage of social life. that, as it is a general language, it But it is peculiarly worthy of obserintroduces a performance at once vation, that in many parts of it into the great commonwealth of we find much of the wildom, lubletters. But as the French lan- limity, and eloquence of the facred guage is univerfally known through- scriptures; and though the text be out Europe, and as most English deformed with innumerable absurworks of any importance, have, for dities, it always breathes the spirit these twenty years past, been trans- of legislation and the fervour of a lated into that tongue, we confess pious morality. we can discover no pollible utility The last tracts in the third volume in composing interesting works in are, The Mahommedan Law of Latin, elpecially on Oriental sub- Succeslion to the Property of Injects, which it Mould be our first testates, in Arabic, from an original endeavour to clothe in an agreea- manuscript, with a verbal tranllable and familiar attire.
tion, preface, and notes; and, The In the third volume of these Mahommedan Law of Inheritance works, we come to the must im- from the Arabic text of Sirajiyyah, portant and valuable of all fir W. with a preface and commentary. Jones's tranNation, namely, his Both these tracts are of the utmost Version of the Institutes of Hindú importance towards the due admiLaw, or, the Ordinances of Menu, nistration of civil justice in India, according to the Gloss of Calluca, inasınuch as it regards upwards of literally translated from the Sans- three millions of British Mahommecreet original. This work is a dan subjects; and they ought therecompendium of that system of du- fore to be studied with the greatest ties, religious and civil, and of law attention, by all gentlemen intendin all its branches, which the Hin- ing to enter the civil service of the dùs believe to have been promulga- hon. company. ted in the beginning of time by The three remaining volumes, Menu, the grandson of Brahmà, and consist of many elegant compositions the oldest and holiest of legislators. in Hindù literature, and some inteAccording to the calculation of the resting translations from the Sant learned translator, it received its crêet? present form about 880 years before The birth of our Saviour, and about 300 years fubfequent to the promulgation of the Védas, or Hindû Asiatic Researches; or, Transactions fcriptures. No production of the of the Society inflituled in Bengal, present age contains so much new for inquiring into the Hifiory and and curious matter. It throws more Antiquities, the Arts, Sciences,
and Literature, of Afa. Vol. V. have speculated on ethics and law; Printed verbatim from the Calcutta and, to unbend, in the fofter amule Edition. Svo.
ments of literature, have displayed
the beauties of imagery and the THILE we look with fatisfac. charms of invention.
Objects to interefting cannot but uleful society, we cannot avoid re-excite a desire for a farther a peating our concern for the loss of quaintance with them; four vothe amiable and excellent inftitutor lumes * have been already pobof fo liberal a plan, which has been lished, and the filth now makes its productive of lo much information. appearance; but the lucubrations of The investigations of this society are the Asiatic fociety have not been so bound only by the geographical widely diffused as their merit delimits of Asia.' The field of their served Nearly the whole of the researches is not only immense, but impression is distributed in the Eatt fertile in every topic that can ex- Indies, therefore very few copies cite curiofity or furnith entertain- reach Europe; and this, amongi ment. The members are not con- other reasons, has given rise to ibe fined to Hindostan, but extend to present re-publication, which conChina, to Japan, to Tartary, to tains the whole of the transactions Tibett, to the lierile deserts of Ara- of the fociety, without abridgement bia, and to the beautiful provinces or mutilation. of Persia.
We cannot dismiss this article A space to unbounded has enga- without oblerving that in the five ged the attention and care of the volumes of this work may be found Anatic fociety fince its firit infiitu- nearly all the truly valuable articles tion, and the topics of their inquiry which compose the pompous and have been vast and without measure. expenfive work we have juft They have examined whatever is viewed, that is to say, all tbote performed by men, or produced by publications of fir William Jones, nature, within the limits they have on subjects connected with Oriental preferibed to themselves. They Literature, Natural Hiftory, or have exhibited accounts of natural Antiquities, which received his lali productions; have examined the corrections, and were presented by records of empires and states; they him in a finithed state to the fociety, dave di entangled the perplexities of which he was so diftinguithed a of pure and mixed mathematics; member.
For an account of sie chird and fourth rolures of this work fee our Register
1 general View of the Year 1799.-Hazardous Situation of Buonaparte,
in consequence of the Defruction of the French Fleet.-Present State of Egypt.- Mammalukes.- Beys.-- Arabs.-Jeus.-Greeks.-Cophts.Force, Land and Marine, under the Command of Buonaparte.-Various Cares of Buonaparle.--Means of maintaining the Army. And of recruiting and preserving it.-Buonaparte respects himself, and gives Orders to his Officers to respect, the Prejudices of all the Egyptians.--His Proclamation to the People of Egypt.- Al great Pains to propagate, in all Mahometan Countries, a Belief of his P'eneration for Israumism and the l’rophet.
- Treachery and Punishment of the principal Sheick, or Shereef, of Alexandria.-Endeavours of Buonaparte to blend and harmonize the French and the Egyptians.-Measures taken for the Accomplishment of that Design. Grand Feafl at Cairo, on the Anniversary of the French Republic.: -Great Ceremony at the annual opening of the Grand Canal of Cairo.—Liberaliły of Buonaparte to the Egyptians.-Useful Inftitutions.—Government of Egypt attempted to be asimilated to the new Government in France, Notables.--Departments. — And a general Asembly, or Dirani, in Egypt.
- Difficulty of operating and producing any permanent Change in the Minds of Barbarians.--Jealouses of the French.--Discontents.-Mura
And Infurreélions.-- Particularly at Cairo.This, with the others, fubdued.- A general Amnely --Xurad Büy defeated, with great Loss.— And forced to retreat to the Mountains. Thc French, under the Command of Delaix, in Pofession of the best part of Upper Egypt [1
The French keep their Ground in Egypt.- Het many Confes remain of
Alarm.----Mcans used by Buonaparte, for obuicting or encountering the c.An Alliance, offensive and defenjive, betiveen the Turks and Rufiuns.--E.se pedition of the French into Egypt.-Objects of this acorred. Or probable. - Preparations for the Expedition. --- Difpofition of the Troups. --- And March. --Opposed by Mammalukes, Arabi, Surlaritans, and other Syrian
Triles.—Battle of El-Arisch.-El-Arisch taken by the French.-PET of the French Army to Gaza.-Of which it takes Portelfion without tance. And of Jaffa (the ancient Joppa), after a desperale RiniaImportance of jaffa. - Leller from Buonaparte to Ghezzar, bare St. John d'Acre.-Ghezzar's Anficer.- March of the French armar the Roots of Mount Carmel.-Towards St. John d'Acre.- Descrichar Hisory of Acre. French encamp before Acre. And open Trends againg it.-Projedl, combined by the British and Turkish Garitz for a general Attack on Buonaparte, by Sea and Land.-Å French Flus, with Battering-cannon, Ammunition, and Stores; taken by Commodes: Sidney Smith.-Breach effected in the Wall of Acre.-Repated : of the French, on Acre, repulsed.--Immenfe Multitudes client!d wait! Jurrounding Hills, waiting for the Iflue of the Contest, with a De tion to join the Victors.---Circular Letter from Sir Sidney Smük tom Princes and Chiefs of the Chriflians of Mount Letanon.-Their jou Anfver.—Sallies from the Garrison of Acre.-- Account of Ghere i Share.-Discomfilure and Retreat of the French from Acre
CHA P. III.
Ac:ount of the Siege of Acre. by the English. And by the French (F.
manders -Demolition of Forts.--Contributions. The French Army reenters the Defart.-Camps of the Arabs burned, — Arriral of the French Army at Cairo.- Loss of the French Army in the Syrian ExpeditisInternal Disatisfaction and Commotion in Egypt. —And ner tuds threatened on the Coast and Frontier.-Obfertations on the different kparts of Sir Sidney Smith and General Berthier.- Proceedings of Butua parti, ufier his Return to Egypt. — The Manmalukes, surprized in that Camp, betake themselves to Flight.— A Turkish Arniy, supported his Fleci, udrances against Aboukir.- Position of the Turks at Aboutir.And of the Squadron. -Disposition of the French Army, for an Attacé the Turks. Battle of Aboukir. -Gained by the French. - Declarativas by Buonaparte. --- Buonaparte, amid all his Proceedings, military and plitical, pays confant Atiention to the Interesis of Commerce, Aris, ad Sciences. — A Détachment of the French Army occupies Suez: - Jericus Suez, by Buonaparte.
CH A P. IV.
Object of the French Expedition to Egypt.--Conneclion heleeen France and the
Sultaun of Myfore, in India.-Lulier from Buonaparte to Tippee Slee. -Iloftilities againg the British, in india, concerted beteeen the French Gorernment and Tippco.--Emball: from Tippoo Sultaun to Zemann: S-ah, King of Cubul.-The Kingdoms of Candahar and Cabul described.-Ciricus Inflructions of Tippoo to his Ambafjadors.----Plans for hofiile Co-operation litueen Tippoo Sultain and Zemaun Shah, against the English. Iste from Tippco zo Zemann.--Zemoun's Anfier--dccording with the If hes v Tippuo.---The Irrafion of India concerted bets een these two Princes, pre