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RAIL ROADS IN VERMONT.

MAGNETIC TELEGRAPH.

nearly the entire length of the state. and both of these roads were opened from

The first rail road commenced in this Connecticut river to Burlington in Decemstate was the Vermont Central, and the ber, 1849. ground was first broken for the construc- The following table exhibits the names, tion of that road in the spring of 1846 at the terminations, the lengths, and the times Windsor. The Rutland and Burlington of opening the several rail roads, in operaroad was commenced in the spring of 1847, tion in April, 1853. NAMES.

TERMINATIONS.

| LENGTH. | OPENED. Atlantic and St. Lawrence, * Bloomfield, Norton,

34 1853 Conn. and Passumpsic Rivers, White River, St. Johnsbury, 61 1851 Rutland and Burlington, Burlington, Bellows Falls, 119 1849 Rutland and Washington, Rutland, Poultney,

18 1852 Rutland and Whitehall, Castleton, Whitehall,

12 1850 Vermont Central, Burlington, Windsor,

117 1849 Vermont and Canada,

Essex Junction, Rouse's Point, 47 1850 Vermont and Massachusetts, Brattleborough, South Vernon, 10 1849 Vermont Valley,

Bellows Falls, Brattleborough, 24 1851 Western Vermont, Rutland, N. Bennington, 51 1852

493 Several others are in contemplation with vious, but I have not room to particularize in the state, and no great length of time them. will probably elapse before the Connecticut *This is a section of the rail way designed to conand Passumpsic Rivers road will be con- nect Portland, Me , with Montreal, C. E. tinued northward from St. Johnsbury to opened (April, 1853,) from Portland to Island Pond Canada Line. The effects which these roads intermediate portion from Sherbrooke to Island Pond have produced upon the towns through and is nearly ready for the rails and is expected to be near which they pass, are marked and ob-opened in the course of a few months. The length

here given is only an estimate from the Map.

It is now

MAGNETIC TELEGRAPH. The Magnetic Telegraph, which seems to South Royalton, West Randolph, Northfield be essential to the safe management of rail Montpelier, Waterbury, and Essex Junction roads, sprang into being very soon after to Burlington. From Burlington it follows the time when railroads themselves had the Vermont and Canada rail road through their origin; and they were introduced St. Albans and Swanton to Rouse's Point, simultaneously into Vermont. The first line where it leaves the state, and proceeds in of telegraph in Vermont,forms a part of the two branches, one to Montreal and the othTroy and Canada Junction Line, and was er to Ogdensburgh. Connected with this commenced in 1847. It was opened for line and crossing it at White River Junccommunication, from Troy to Burlington, tion, the same company have a line along on the 2d of Feb. 1848, and was soon after the valley of the Connecticut, reaching carried through to Montreal. This line from St. Johnsbury to Springfield, Mass. enters the state at Bennington, passes thro' From St. Johnsbury it follows the rail road, Manchester, Rutland, Castleton, White- through Newbury and Bradford to Norwich, hall, Orwell, Brandon, Middlebury, Ver- where it crosses over to Hanover and back, gennes, Burlington and St. Albans, and and then proceeds down to White River leaves the state at Highgate. The length Junction. From the Junction it proceeds of this line, within the state, is 200 miles. to Windsor, crosses over to Claremont, N.

The Northern Telegraph Line connects H., then back to Weathersfield Bow, thence Boston with Rutland. Proceeding from to Springfield—then by way of Charlestown Boston by way of Fitchburg and Keene it bridge to Charlestown, and down the Sullienters the state at Bellows Falls and fol- van rail road to Bellows Falls. From Bellows the line of the Rutland and Burling- lows Falls it proceeds down the Connecticut ton rail road through Chester and Ludlow on the Vermont side thro' Brattleborough to Rutland. Length within the state 50'into Massachusetts. The whole length of miles.

telegraph line belonging to this company Vermont and Boston Telegraph Line.- is about 700 miles, of which more than 300 Proceeding from Boston by way of Lowell are in Vermont. The whole length of teland Concord, this line enters the state at legraph wire in the state is little less than White River Junction, and, after going to 600 miles, and the cost of building, incluWoodstock and back, 20 miles, follows the ding appurtenances and patent privileges line of the Central rail road, passing thro' has been about $215 per mile.

TO THE APPENDIX TO THOMPSON'S VERMONT.

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Page.
Page.

Page.
Acres of Land or Farms, 60 Igneous Rocks, 51 Sanguinolaria fusca, 55
Adams' C. B.,
41 Infusorial Silica,
58 Saxicava rugosa,

55
Agricultural Productions, 60 [sle la Motte Limestone, 43 Schools,

60
Amia ocellicauda, 35 Jumping Mouse, 13 Sciurus hudsonius, 14
Animalcules,
58 Kaolin,
50 Serpentine,

52
Ardea minor, - - 26 King-bird, Olive-sided, 21 Snake Mountain,

45
Boleosoma tassellatum, 31 Lawrencian Deposit, - - 54 Snow, fall of -
Beluga vermontana, - 15 Leuciscus atromaculatus, 32 Sparry Limestone, 46
Birds of Vermont, 20 Libraries,

- 60 Sponge, Fossil

55
Bittern,
26 Lime, -

45 Spring, Advance of
Botany,

35 Limestone, Blue, - 49 Squirrel, White
Bowfin,
35 Literary Institutions, - 60 Stargazer,

31
Brandon Ores,
50 Live Stock,

60 Stockbridge Limestone, - 46
Brown Coal,

50 Loon, Red-throated 28 Superficial Deposits, 54
Calciferous Sandstone, 42 Lucioperca Canadensis, - 30 Swallow Tree,

25
Catalogue of Plants,
36 Maclurea magna, 43 Sylvia striata,

22
Champlain Rocks, 42 Magnesian Slate, 46 ruficapilla, 23
Charlotte, Map of 19 Manufactures,

62

pardolina, 23
Chazy Limestone, 43 Marble,

46
parus,

23
Chromic Iron,
52 Marl, Shell

56 philadelphia, 23
Clay Stones,
58 Masqualionge,

32 americana, 24
Climate and Meteorology, 7Merula alivacea, 22 Taconic Rocks,

46
Coccoborus ludovicianus, 24 Muck, Vegetable - · 57 Talcose Division, -
Colleges,
60 Muscicapa traillii, - 21 Tanager, Scarlet

24
Columba migratoria,

26
ruticilla, 21 Telegraph,

63
Colymbus septentrionalis, 28

pusilla, 22 Temperature, Burlington, 7
Coregonus clupeiformis, 34 Mus leucopus,

13

Newbury, 8
Corals,
43 Mya arenaria,

55

Extremes -
Cottus gobioides, 31 Mytilus edulis,

55 Tertiary Formation, 50
Crime,
62 News Papers,

60 Titaniferous Iron Ore, - 52
Cypselus pelasgius, 25 Nucula portlandioa, 55 Topography,

5
Dace, small-scaled, 32 Oakes, Wm.,

36 Tortoise, Geographic - 28
Darter,
31 Orthis.

44 Tortoise, Soft-shelled 29
Dikes,
53 Orthoceras,

43 Totanus melanoleucas, 27
Drift,
54 Oven,
45 Trap Dikes, -

52
Eagle, Golden -
- 20 Paupers,

62 Trenton Limestone, 43
Elephant, Fossil 14 Phenomena, L. Champla., 10 Trilobites,
Elephas primogenius, 14 Phoca vitulina,

18 Tringa semi-palmata, 27
Emys geographica, 28 Pickerel,

33 Trionyx ferox,

29
Essox nobilior,
32 Picus pileatus,
25 Trout Perch,

33
Essox estor, -

33 Pigeon, Passenger 26 Tyrannus cooperi, 21
Falco chrysaetos,
20 Pike Perch,
30 Utica Slate,

· 44
Felis concolor,

12 Population by towns, 58 Vespertilio novobaracen., 11
Fishes,

30
by counties, 60 Vireo gilvus,

22
Flycatcher, Traill's
21 Porphyry,

52 Warbler, Green black-cap 22
Fossil Seeds,
51 Products of Industry, 62

Black-poll - 22
Fringilla borealis, 24 Quadrupeds of Vermont, 11 Red-poll - 23
Geological Survey, 40 Quartz, Granular 47

Canada - 23
Geology of Vermont, 40 Rail Roads,

62

Hemlock,- 23
Gold Formation, 48 Redpoll, Mealy

24

Mourning 23
Grain,
60 Red Sandrock,

44

Parti-colored 24
Granite,
52 Redstart,
21 Warbling Vireo,

22
Grosbeak, Rose-breasted, 24 Reptiles of Vermont, 28 Water, Fall of

8
Heights,
6 Rocking Stones, 52 Whale, Fossil

15
Hematite,
50 Roofing Slate,
46 Wood, Fossil

55
Herring Salmon, 34 Salmoperca pellucida, 33 Woodpecker, Crested 25
Hudson River Shale, 44 Sandpiper, semipalmated, 27 Yellow Shanks, -

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TO PART FIRST, OR NATURAL HISTORY.

52

(G. stands for Genus. For an Index to the Genera of Plants see page 207.]
Acanthopterygii 129 Bunting Savanna. 87 Domestic Fowls, 111, Hawk, Br.winged, 61
Acipenser, G. 149
Snow, 86 Dove, Carolina, 100 Cooper's, 62

109)

75 Duck, Wood,
Alasmodonta, G. 165 Butcher Bird,

Fish, 60
Alburgh Springs 8 Butternut,

215 Mallard, 109

Gos,

62
Alcedo, G 96 Buttonwood, 214

Dusky,

110) Large-foot. 62
Alosa, G. 144 Caledris, G

102 Bluewing.110 Marsh, 62
Ammocætes, G. 150 Caprimulgus, G 99 Eagles,

59 Pigeon,
Anas, G. 109 Cartilag. Fishes, 148 Earthquakes, 161 Red-shoul. 60
Anchor Ice, 15 Carp Sucker, 133 Eel, Black, 148 Red-tailed, 63
Ancylus, G.
164 Carp Family,
133 - Common, 147

Slate color.61
Angle Worm,
170 Cat,
52 Silver,

47

148 Hedge-hog,
Anodonta, G. 164 Catalog. Quadru., 24 Eel-pout, 147 Height of lands, 3
Annulata,
169 Birds, 57 Elk,

50 Helix, G. snails, 58
108
Anser, G.

Reptiles, 113 Elm, White, 214 Hemlock, 217
Anthus, G

86

Fishes, 128 Red, 215 Heron, Blue, 103
Appear. of Birds, 13
Plants, 173 Emberiza, G 86

Green, 104

113

37 Emys, G
Appendix(shells) 169 Catamount,

Night, 103
Arachnides, G 170 Catastomus, G 133 Emysaurus, G 114 Herring family, 144
Arbor Vitae, 218 Cat Bird,
78 Ermine,

215

31 Hickory,
Arctomys, G
44 Cat Fish,

139 Esox, G 137 Hiodon, G. 144
Ardea, G
103 Cattle,
51 Etheostoma,

97

132 Hirundo, G
Area of Vermont, 2 Caves,
8 Extent of Vt., 2 Hog,

53
Arvicola, G.
41 Cedar Bird,
74 Face of country,

3 Hog Fish, 132
Ash,
211 Cedar, Red, 212 Falco, G 58 Hornbeam,

212
53
Ass,
White, 218 Finches,

90 Horned pout,

139
Astacus Bartonii,,170 Certhia, G G5 Fisher Martin, 32 Horse,
Aurora Borealis, 18 Centrarchus, G 131 Fishes,

127 Horses in Vt., 53
Bass, Black, 131 Champlain, Lake, 5 Fly-catchers, 75 Horse Leech,

169
Rock,
131 Cherry,

209 Fox, Black, 36 Humming bird, 96
Basswood, 209 Cherry Bird, 74 Cross, 35 Hydrargira fusca,137
Bat, Carolina,
25 Chestnut,
213 Red, 35 Hyla,

122
Hoary,
25 Chickadee,

73 Sampson, 36 Hylodes Pickerin.121
Say's,
25 Chickaree, 46 Fringilla, G

87 Ice,

14
Silver-haired, 26 Class. of Animals, 23 Frog, Bull, 119 Icterus, G 67
Batrachia,
119 Climate,

Black, 121 Indian summer,
Bays,

6 Climates compar'd 20 Horicon, 121 Insectivor's birds, 74
Bear,
28 Clytus pictus,
172 Leopard,

170

120 Insects,
Beaver,
38 Coccyzus, G 92 Pickerel, 120 Iron-wood,

212
212 Coluber, G 115
Beech,

Spring,
120 Islands,

6
Beetle,
172 Columba, G 100 Woods,

72

121 Jay, blue,
Bill-Fish, 145 Colymbus, G 111 Tree, 122 Canada, 73
Birch,

213 Corvina, G 132 Fulica, G 106 Jumping Mouse, 44
Birds,
56 Corvus, G 71 Gadidæ,

146 King Bird,
Black Bird, Cow, 69 Cougar,

37 Gallina. Birds, 100 King Fisher, 96
Crow, 70 Counties,

2 Gar Fishes,
145 Lakes,

5
Red-wing., 68 Crane, Whoop’g, 103 Geology, 222 Lamprey, Blue, 150
Rusty, 71 Crawfish, 170 Goldfinch, 89

Mud,

150
*Blue Bird, 85 Crow,

71 Goosander, 110 Lanius, G.
Bob-o-link, 70 Cross Biil, Com. 91 Goose, Wild, 108 Larch,
Bombycilla, G 74 white wing.92 Gos-hawk, 62 Lark, Brown, 86
Boundary,
1 Crustacea,
170 Granivor'us Birds,86 Meadow,

67
Borer, Locust, 172 Cuckoos, 92 Grosbeak, Pine, 91 Latitude,
Bos, G
54 Currant,
220 Grouse,

101 Larus, G 107
Botany,
173 Cyclas, G. 168 Grus, G

103 Lepisosteus, G 145
Bay, Cucumber, 172 Cypselus, G 98 Gull, Bonapart. 107 Limax, G 163
Bufo, G
123 Dace,

135 Herring, 108 Limnæa, G 153
Bull Frog, 119 Dark Days, 15 Halcyons,

96 Ling,

146
Bull Pout, 133 Dobchick, 107 Hang Bird, 69 Linnet, Pine, 89
Bunting,bay wing. 87 Dog,
52 liare,

97
PT, III.

26

16

75

217

Parple

k cap,

223

Lizards, 11 (Perch, Common, 129 Salmo, G 140 Tatler Solitary, 105
Lobe footed birds,106 Pond, 130 Salmon,

140 Spotted, 105
Lobster, F. water,170 Percidæ, 129 Salmonidæ, 140 Teal, Blue-wing. 110
Longe,
140 Perdix, G
101 Sanderling,

102 Tebenophorus, G 163
Longitude, 1 Petromyzon, G 150 Sassafras, 211 Temperature,

9
Loon,
111 Pewee,

76 Sauria,
115 Tetrao, G

101
Lota, G
146 Pheasant, 102 Saw-whet,

66 Thrasher,

78
Loxia, G 91 Philomycus, G 163 Scolopax, G 105 Thrush, Aquatic, 79
Lucio-Perca, G 129 Phæbe,

76 Seal,
38 Brown,

78
Lynx,
36 Physa, G
154 Seasons,

13, 20 G. crown. 80
Bay,
37 Pickerel, 138 Serpents,

115 Hermit; 80
Magnetic varia'ns, 19 Picus, G

93 Shad,

143

New York, 79
Maple, Red, 210 Pigeon,

100 -
Winter. 144

Wilson,
Sugar,
209 Pike,
137 Sheep,
55 Tip-up,

105
White, 210 Pike-perch, 130 Sheep-head, 133 Titmouse,bl'k ,73
Martin, Pine, 32 Pimelodus, G 138 Sheldrake,

110 Hud'n bay, 73
Purple, 97 Pine Grosbeak, 91 Shiner,

136 Toad, Common, 123
Medicinal Springs, 7 Linnet, 89 Shrew, Forster's, 26 Tree, 122
Melania, G 152

Martin,

32 Short tailed, 27 Tortoise, painted,113
Meleagris, G
101 Pine,
215 Shrew-mole,

27 sculptur'd 114
Menobranchus G 126 Planorbis, G 154 Siluridæ,

138 snapping, 114
Mergus, G 110 Plover, Sand'ling 102 Sitta, G

94 Totapus, G 104
Metals,

Upland, 104 Situation, 1 Trochilus colubris,96
Meteorology, 9 Podiceps, G 107 Skunk,

33 Troglodytes, G
Meteors,
16 Pomotis, G 130 Smelt,

142 Trout, Brook, 141
Minerals, 224 Ponds,

5 Smoky atmosph'e, 15 Salmon, 140
Mink,
31 Poplars,
174 Snake, Black, 117 Tupelo,

211
Minnow, Brook, 136 Porcupine, 47 Brown, 116 Turdus, G 78
Moles, 27, 2Pout, Bull,
138

101

Chicken, 117 Unio, Wild
Moose,
49 Horned, 139 Green,

166
Mouse,
43 Productions,

6) Rattle, US Valvata, G 152
Meadow, 41 Pupa, G

157 Ribband, 115 Verd-mont,
Jumping, 44 Pyrrhula, G 91 Ringed,

117 Vireos,
Mud Fish,

137 Quadrupeds in Vt. 23 Spott, neck, 116 Vitrina, G 162
Mulberry, 212 Quay Bird, 103 Striped, 115 Wading Birds, 102
Mule,
53 Quail,
101 Snipe,

105 Walnut,
Muræ na, G 147 Quiscalus,

12 Warblers, b. & w.83
Musc capa, G 75 Rabbit,

48 Snow Bird,

88 Blackburn's, -2
Musk Rat, 41 Raccoon, 29|Snow Bunting,

86 black-throat. 83
Namaycush, 140 Rail,

106 Soil,

6 cerulean,
Name of Vermont, 4 Rain in Vt., 12 Sparrow, Blue, 88

green,

81
Night Hawk, 99 Rallus, G 106 Chipping, 88 Maryland, 83
Norway Rat, 42 Rana, G

119 Field, 88 Nashville, 81
Nuthatches,

95 Rat, Black, 431 Song, 87 pine-creep'g 82
Dak, Red, White, 213 Brown, 42 Swamp,

89 spotted, 81
Oil-nut,
215 Raven,
72 Tree,

88
summer,

81
Omnivorous Birds, 67 Red-poll,

89 Spruces,

216) -yellow crown.80
Ophidia, 115 Regulus, G 83 Squirrel, Black, 45 - yell. red poll, 80
Oriole, Baltimore, 68 Reptiles,

112) Flying,

47 worm-eating, 83
Osmerus, G 142 Rivers,

4
Gray,
45 Weasel,

30
Otter,
33|Robin,

79
Red,

46 Web-footed birds, 107
Owl, Barn, 67 Golden, 68 Striped, 46 Whip-poor-will, 99
Barred, 66 Rocks,

222 Starnosed Mole, 28 White Fish, 143
Cinereous, 65 Rumina. Animals, 49 Streams,

4 Winds,

10
Great-horn., 65 Rusticola, G. 105 Sturgeons,

149 Winter Shad, 144
Hawk, 64 Sable,
32 Sturnus, G 67 Wolf,

34
Screech, 64 Salamanders, 123 Succinea, G 156 Wolverine, 30
Short-eared, 66 Glutinous, 125 Suckers, 133 Woodchuck,
Snowy,

64 Many-spot., 123 Sun Fishes, 130 Woodcock, 106
Ox,
54 Red backed, 125 Swallow, Bank 98 Woodpeckers,

93
Paludina, G
151 Salmon col, 124 - Barn, 97 Wren, House,

84
Panther,
37 Syminetri'l, 123 Chimney, 98

· Winter,

84
Partridge, 101 Tiger,

124 Cliff, 97 Wood, 85
Spruce, 102 Two-lined, 125 White bell. 98/Yellow Bird,
Parus, G
73 Vjolet cold, 125 Sylvia, G

801 -- Summer, 81
Pekan,

32 Salamandra, G 123 Tamarack, 217 Yellow Throat,
Perca, G

129 Salia, G 85 Tatler, Bartram's 104 Yoke-toed Birds, 92

70 Snow,

INDEX

TO PART SECOND, OR CIVIL HISTORY.

25, 63

27

Abercrombie defeated 12 Charlestown defended, 7 Hough, Benjamin 31
Academies chartered 143 Charter, form of N. H. 224 Howe, Lord,

12
Adams, Dr., punishm't of 32 Chittenden, Thomas 51 Hubbardton Battle 42
Addison settled

6 biography of 85 Hudson river discovered 3
Admission into the Union 83 last speech of 87 Independence of Vt. decl. 50
Agents sent to Congress 59 Christian churches, 190 Indians of Vermont 205
Agriculture

213 Clinton's proclamation 53 Indian depredations 67
Alarm in Windham co. 70 Coins, Vermont

135 gallantry

70
Albany settled
3 Commerce

215 hieroglyphics 208
Allen, Ethan
30 Congregation'l churches 176 relics

207
reply to Kemp
21 Continental money,
133 Insurrection

79
takes Ticonderoga 33 Controversy with N. Y. 16 Windsor and Rutl'd 80
taken prisoner

35
settled
83 Iroquois Indians

4
proclamation, 77 Constitution of Vermont, 105 Jefferson, President 90
Allen, Ira

Amendments of 115 Judges, Supreme Court 123
America discovered
Preamble to 107 Judiciary

122
Amherst, General 13 Constitution of U. States 82 Lafayette,

99
Anti-Masonry

100 Convention at Dorset 49 Law, extraordinary
Appeal of Vermont 581 Westminster,

50 Laws and Legislation 120
Arnold's retreat

37.
Windsor

52 Legislature, sessions of 117
Arsenal, Champlain 128 Copper coined

135 Light house

216
Asylum, Insane 219 Coossuck Indians 205 Listing law

105
Authors and Books 173 Cornwallis, surrender 66 Longevity

222
Baker, Remember 31 Councils of Censors 125 Lotteries

222
Banks, history of 132 Counties formed

20 Louisburgh taken 12
Baptist churches 185 Courts

122 Magazines

174
Free Will
1881 attempts to stop 80 Manufactures

213
Battle, Bennington 45 Crown Point

6, 17 Massachusetts line 17
Hubbardton 41 taken by Warner 34 Massacre, fort Wm. Henry 11
L. Champlain 39, 97 Debenture of Assembly 119 Westminster 28
Plattsburgh

96 Deerfield destroyed 5 Medical Colleges 160, 165
Benevolent Institutions 217 Deposit money

143
Societies

167
Bills of Credit
133 Dieskau defeated

8 Meihodist Ep. Church 180
Biographer of Brant 67 Diseases, history of 220 Middlebury College 152
Black Snake Affair 95 Disturbances,

77 Military associations
Block Houses 17, 25, 68 Dorrilites

202 Militia of Vermont 127
Books and Authors 173 Dummer Fort, 6, 16 Monro, John

21
Braddock defealed 8 Education & Literature 141 Monroe, Colonel

11
Breakenridge, James 21 Election Sermons,

102 President

98
Breakwater,
216 Employments

211 Montcalın, General
Bridgeman's Fort, 7,68 Episcopal Church 194 Montreal burnt
Burgoyne, arrival of 40 Fanatical Sects

202

surrendered 16
council with Inds. 40 Flag of Vermont, 12- Mount Independence 41
proclamation 41 Flag sent to Canada 63 Mutual Ins. companies 219
surrender 48 Frame of Government, 110 Navigation

215
Burr Seminary 168 Francis, Col., killed 42 Naval battles

39, 96
Canada ceded to G. Brit. 16 French War

7 Negotiation with Canada 61
Capital punishment 121 Freshet

93, 100 New Lights

204
Cartier's discoveries 1 George, Lake

2 New England settled 3
Catalogue of Vt. Univer 148 Germain, Lord, letter of 65 Newspapers

171
Middlebury College 155 Gloucester county 20 New York settled

3
Castleton Med.Col. 161 Godfrey, Samuel E. 98 Niagara Fort taken 15
Woodst'k Med. Col. 166 Grants in 1761

18 Norwich University 168
Norwich University 170 Gregg, John

90 Number Four

7
Catholic Church, Rom. 201 Hale, Colonel

42 Officers of government 118
Census 30, 209, 211 Harrisburgh Convention, 104 Old Tenor

133
Champlain, Samuel 2 Hochelaga,

1 Orange Fort

3
Character of books 174|1 loosic Fort taken 6 Original Inhabitants 205
of the people 30, 211 Horicon lake

2Peace with Great Britain 67

22

. 11

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