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To raise $4000, granted to Stephen Co- post between Bennington and Albany in nant, November 1, 1800.

the state of New York. The next year To raise $2500, for building a bridge the legislature of this state established five over Otter Creek at Vergennes, Novem- post offices within the state : one at Ben. ber 8, 1804.

nington, one at Rutland, one at BrattleFrom about the year 1800, there was a borough, one at Windsor and one at Newgradual change in public sentiment with bury. Between these several places a regard to the propriety of raising money mail was transmitted once a week each by lotteries, and no new grants were made way, and the postage was established at by the legislature after 1804. In 1826, the same rates as that of the United States, the sale of foreign lottery tickets having and Anthony Haswell, Esq. of Benning grown up into an extensive traffic in this ton, was appointed postmaster general. state, Gov. Butler, in his message, called The post rider from Bennington to Bratthe attention of the legislature to this sub- tleborough was allowed for travel 3d per ject, and a law was passed prohibiting the mile, and those on the other routes 2d per sale of lottery tickets in Vermont without mile. The post riders were allowed the a licence from the proper authority and exclusive privilege of carrying letters and imposing a duty of $500 upon a license packages on their respective routes, and to vend tickets for one year, and the pen- any person who infringed upon this right alty for selling without a license was fix. was liable to a fine of £10. ed at $1,000. The next year the duty Upon the admission of Vermont into upon a license was raised to $1,000, and the Union in 1791, the post offices in this the penalty to $2,000. By the present state became a part of the post office eslaws of the state lotteries of all kinds and tablishment under the control of the genthe sale of lottery tickets, are prohibited eral government; and since that time ofunder severe penalties.

fices have been multiplied till almost evPost Office.-In 1783 the governor and ery neighborhood has its post office. council of Vermont established a weekly

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Table of Senators in Congress, showing the time of their election. Names. | Elected. Names. | Elected. Names. | Elected. Moses Robinson, Oct. 1791 Horatio Seymour, 1826 Steph. R. Bradley, Oct. 1801 Isaac Tichenor, 1796 Benjamin Swift, 1832 Steph. R. Bradley,“ 1806 Nath'l. Chipman, “ 1797 Samuel S. Phelps, “ 1839 Dudley Chase,

16 1812 Israel Smith, 1803

James Fisk,

46 1817 Jona. Robinson, 1807 Steph. R. Bradley,“ 1791 Wm. A. Palmer,

16 1818 Isaac Tichenor, 1814 Elijah Paine, 1794 Dudley Chase, 1824 Horatio Seymour, “ 1820) Elijah Paine, 1800) Samuel Prentiss, 1830

Table of the Representatives in Congress, with the time of their service. Names. I Term. Namos. 1 Term.

Names. 1 Term. Nath'l. Niles, 1791–1795 R. Skinner, 1813–1815 Phinehas White, 1821-1823 Israel Smith, 1791–1797 Charles Rich, 1813–1815 W. C. Bradley, 1823—1827 Daniel Buck, 1795—1799 D. Chipman, 1815–1817 D. A. A. Buck, 1823—1829 Math. Lyon, 1797—1801 Luther Jewett, 1815–1817 Ezra Meech, 1825–1827 L. R. Morris, 1797-1803 C. Langdon, 1815–1817 John Mattocks, 1825–1827 Israel Smith, 1801-1803 Asa Lyon, 1815–1817 Geo. E. Wales, 1825—1829 W.Chamberl'n, 1803–1805 Charles Marsh, 1815–1817 Benjamin Swift,1827-1831 M. Chittenden, 1803–1813 John Noyes, 1815–1817 Jonathan Hunt, 1827-1832 James Elliot, 1803–1809 Heman Allen, 1817–1819 Wm. Cahoon, 1827–1833 Gideon Olin, 1803–1807 S. C. Crafts, 1817–1825 Horace Everett, 1829 James Fisk, 1805–1809 Wm. Hunter, 1817-1819 Heman Allen, 1832—1839 J. Witherill. 1807-1808 0. C. Merrill, 1817–1819 William Slade, 1831Samuel Shaw, 1808–1813 Charles Rich, 1817–1825 Hiland Hall, 1833— W.Chamberl’n, 1809–1810 Mark Richards, 1817--1821 B. F. Deming, 1833—1835 J. H. Hubbard, 1809–1810 William Strong,1819–1821 Horace F.Janes, 1835–1837 James Fiek, 1810-1815 Ezra Meech, 1819--1821 Isaac Fletcher, 1837-1841 William Strong,1810–1815 R. C. Mallary, 1820-1831 John Smith, 1839-1841 W. C. Bradley, 1813–1815 Elias Keyes, 1821–1823 August's Young, 1841Ezra Butler, 1813--1815 John Mattocks, 1821--1823 John Mattocks, 1841



Form of a N. H. Charter or Grant.-All / to be by us, or them re-granted to such of our subthe New Hampshire Charters being in the jects as shall effectually settle& cultivate the same. same form, and frequent reference being II. That all white and other Pine trees, within made to them in this and the subsequent the said township, fit for masting our Royal Navy, part of our work, we shall here insert the be carefully preserved for that use, and none to be form, leaving the names and dates blank. cut or telled without our special license for so doing, The usual number of shares into which first had and obtained, upon the penalty of the fora townships were divided was 68.

feiture of the right of such grantee his heirs and asPROVINCE OF NEW HAMPSHIRE.

signs to us, our heirs and successors, as well as

being subject to the penalty of any act or acts of George the Third by the grace of God, of Great Parliament that now are or hereafter shall be

Britain France and Ireland, King, defender of enacted, the faith, &c., To all persons to whom these III. That before any division of the land be presents shall come,-GREETING.

made to and among the grantees, a tract of land Know ye, that we of our special grace, certain as near the centre of the said township as the knowledge and mere motion, for the due encourage, land will admit of, shall be reserved and marked province, by and with the advice of our trusty and out for town lots, one of which shall be allotted to well beloved Benning Wentworth, Esq., our Gov- each granteo, of the contents of one acre. ernor and Commander in chief of our said province IV. Yielding and paying there for to us, our of N. H. in N. E. and of our council of said province, heirs and successors, for the space of ten years, have, upon the conditions and reservations hereinafter mentioned, given and granted, and by these to be computed from the date hereof, the rent of presents, for us, our heirs and successors, do give one ear of Indian corn only, on the twenty-fifth and grant in equal shares, unto our loving subjects day of December annually if lawfully demanded; inhabitants of our said province of New Hamp- the first payment to be made on the twenty-fifth shire, and our other governments, and to their heirs and assigns forever whose names are entered day of December, on this grant, to be divided to and amongst them V. Every proprietor, settler, or inhabitant

equal shares, all that tract or parcel of shall yield and pay to us, our heirs and successland, situate, lying and being within our said prov- ors, yearly, and every year forever, froin and after ment 23040 acres, which tract is to contain wis the expiration of ten years from the above said miles and no

more, ont of which an allowance is to 25th day of December, namely, on the twenty-fifth be made for highways and unimprovable lands by day of December, which will be in the year of rocks, ponds, mountains and rivers, one thousand Our Lord —, one shilling Proclamation money, for thereof made by our said Governor's order, and re- every hundred acres he so owns, settles or posturned into the secretary's office and hereunto an sesses, and so in proportion for a greater or lesser nesed, butted and bounded as follows, viz: [here is tract of the said land; which money shall be paid inserted the boundary of the township.) And that by the respective persons abovesaid, their heirs the same be and hereby is incorporated into a township by the name of -, and the inhab- or assigns in our Council Chamber in Partsitants that do or shall hereafter inhabit the said mouth, or to such officer, or officers as shall be aptownship, are hereby declared to be enfranchised poioted to receive the same ; and this to be in lieu with and entitled to all and every the privileges of all other rents and services whatsoever. and immunities that other towns within our province by law exercise and enjoy; and further, that In testimony whereof, we have caused the seal the said town as soon as there shall be fifty families of our said province to be affixed. Witness, resident and settled thereon, shall have the liberty Benning Wentworth, Esq., our Governor and of holding town fairs, one of which shall be held

Commander in Chief of our said province, the on the — and the other on the – annually, which fairs are not to continue longer than the respective

- day of — in the year of our Lord CHRIST, following the said — and that as soon as the one thousand seven hundred and, and in the said town shall consist of fifty families, a market

year of our Reign. B. WENTWORTH. may be opened and kept one or more days in each week, as may be thought most advantageous to the By his ExcELLENCY's command, with advice inhabitants ; Also, that the first meeting for the of Council. THEODORE ATKINSON, See's. choice of town officers, agreeable to the laws of our said province, shall be held on the - which said in the book of Charters, Page

Province of New Hampshire, (date, recorded meeting shall be notified by

- who is hereby appointed moderator of said first meeting, which he is

THEODORE ATKINSOS, Sec'y. to notify and govern agreeable to the laws and cus. toms of our said province ; and that the annual

On the back of the Charter is a list of meeting forever hereafter for the choice of such the grantees, with the following: officers for the said town shall be on the of March annually ,-To Have and to hold the said

“His excellency, Benning Wentworth, Esq., a tract of lavd as above expressed, together with all tract of land containing five hundred acres, as privileges and appurtenances to them and their remarked B. W. in the plan, which is to be accouble spective heirs and assigns forever, upon the followed two of the within shares; one whole share for ing conditions, Vız : 1. That every grantee, his heirs or assigns shall the incorporated society for the propogation

of the plant and cultivate five acres of land within the Gospel in foreign parts; one share for a Glebe for term of five years for every fifty acres contained in the Church of England as by law established; one his or their share or proportion of land in said town- share for the first settled minister of the Gospel ; ship, and continue to improve and settle the same

one share for the benefit of a school in said town. by additional cultivations, on the penalty of the Province of New Hampshire, recorded in forfeiture of his grant or share in the said township, the book of Charters, page and of its reverting to us, our heirs and successors,

THEODORE Atkinson, Sec'y.


Part Thirð.







Acton.—This was a small township sit-| lake Champlain, which separates it from uated in the northern part of Windham the townships of Moriah and Crown Point connty and bounded north by Grafton, in the state of New York. It lies 83 miles east by Athens, south by Townshend and north westerly from Bennington, 62 west west by Windham and Jamaica. It was from Newbury, 40 from Montpelier and granted to Moses Johnson and thirty three 29 southwesterly from Burlington. It others, and chartered February 23, 1782. was chartered October 14, 1761, and oriIt contained 5,045 acres, and was origi-ginally contained 28,800 acres, measuring nally called Johnson's Gore. It was con- about 7 miles from east to west and 6 from stituted a township by the name of Acton, north to south. A portion of the northNovember 6, 1800, and the town was or- eastern part, lying east of Otter creek, has ganized March 3, 1801, Waitstill ott since been annexed to Waltham, and the being the first town clerk. It was repre. southeastern part, east of Snake mountain, sented only in connexion with Towns. to Weybridge. The first civilized estabhend. The settlement was commenced lishment in Vermont on the west side of in 1781 by Noah and Timothy Fisher, the mountains, was on Chimney point in Ebenezer Bivens and Riverius Hooker. the southwest corner of this township. It Timothy Fisher cut the first tree with the was made by the French in 1731, the same view of clearing the land. The surface year in which they built fort Frederick, of the ground is uneven. It is well water, afterwards Crown Point, and a stone winded by springs and brooks, but has no good mill which was built and garrisoned here mill stream. In October, 1840, Acton constituted an outpost of that important was annexed to Townshend, and it now fortress while in possession of the French. constitutes the northern part of that town. The first settlement made by the English ship.

was in the year 1769 or 1770, by a Mr. Addison, a post town in the western Ward, the lion. John Strong and Zadock part of Addison county, in lat. 44° 4' north Everest, Esq. with their families. This and long. 3° 42' east,* is bounded north settlement was broken up and the settlers by Panion, east by Weybridge and Wal- retired to the south, upon the advance of tham, south by Bridport and west by the British up the lake in the fall of 1776,

and none of them returned with their fam* As the whole state is in north latitudo, and in ilies till the month of May, 1733. During east longitude from Washington, the terms north their seven years absence, every building and case will hereafter be omitted.

which they had erected was destroyed by Pr. in.





the enemy, who were masters of the lake | miles below Middlebury, is a place of contill the close of the war. From its re- siderable business. The principal stream newal at the close of the war, the settle is Otter creek. It enters the county from inent advanced with considerable rapidity, the south, crossing about the middle of and Messrs. Strong, Everest and some the southern boundary, and falls into lake others of the first settlers who had been Champlain near the northwest corner. driven off and returned, lived to see the Mad river and White river have their township nearly all under improvement sources among the mountains in the eastand themselves in possession of all the ern part of the county. Granular limerational enjoyments of life. A congrega- stone is very abundant here. It is extentional church was organized here Novem- sively quarried in many places and is used ber 24, 1803, by the Rev. Job Swift, who as a building stone. It receives a good labored here for about two years previous polish, is beautifully variegated and large to his death, which took place October 20, quantities of it are annually manufactured, 1804, while on a visit at Enosburgh. He particularly at Middlebury, and the marwas born at Sandwich, Massachusetts, ble transported to Albany, New York and January 17, 1743, graduated at Yale col- other places. The western part is a rich lege in 1765, and studied theology with farming country, and the soil is well Dr. Bellamy. The Rev. Justus S. Hough adapted to the production of grain. The was ordained as pastor of this church, eastern part is mountainons and broken. January 26, 1815, and was dismissed Feb. Statistics of 1840.- Horses, 5,425 ; cattle, ruary 21, 1825. At other times the church 39,718; sheep, 261,010; swine, 14,305; has depended for preaching upon tempo- wheat, bush. 31,322; barley, 255; oats, rary engagements. Soil generally marl 141,794 ; rye, 11,427 ; buck wheat, 7219; or clay and productive. The surface of In.corn, 95,304; potatoes, 440,079; hay, this township is low and generally pretty tons, 111,120; sugar, lbs. 132,013; wool, level. Snake mountain, in the southeast 676,969. Population, 23,569. corner, is the most considerable elevation. Aikin's GORE, called also Virgin Hall, It is very poorly watered and has no val- a small tract of only 930 acres, granted uable mill privileges. Otter creek touches February 25, 17 to Edward Aikin, and upon the northeast corner, and a dead iying upon the Green Mountain between branch of Otter creek runs through the Winhall and Landgrove. town, from south to north, a little west of Albany, a post township, six miles the centre, and unites with Otter creek square, lying in the central part of Or. in Ferrisburgh. Mill river and Pike river leans county. It is 34 miles north from are two small streamns, which fall into Montpelier, in lat. 44° 43' and long. 40 lake Champlain nearly opposite to Crown 47', and is bounded northeasterly by IrasPoint. The magnetic oxyde of iron is burgh, southeasterly by Glover, southfound here in small octædric crystals in westerly by Craftsbury and northwesterly argillite, and also the sulphuret of iron. by Lowell and Eden. This township

Statistics of 1840.- Horses, 475; cattle, was granted June 27, 1781, and char3212 ; sheep, 30,465 ; swine, 1,099; tered June 26, 1782, by the name of wheat, bu. 1,722; barley, 42; oats, 9,655; Lutterloh. The name was altered to Alrye, 318; buck wheat, 600; Indian corn, bany, October 13, 1815. The settlement 6,250; potatoes, 19,750; hay, tons, 10,800; of this township was commenced about sugar, lbs. 865; wool, 82,900. Popula- the close of the last century. In 1800 tion, 1229.

there were only 12 inhabitants. The town Addison County is on the west side of was organized March 27, 1806, and Benthe Green Mountains, at nearly an equal jamin Neal was first town clerk. This distance from the northern and southern township is watered by Black river, which extremities of the state. It lies between is formed inCraftsbury,and passes through 43° 50' and 44° 18' north lat. and between it in a northeasterly direction, and by 3° 38' and 4° 18' east long., being about several of its branches. There are like 30 miles from north to south, and 33 miles wise several considerable ponds, the most from east to west, containing about 700 important of which, great Hosmer's pond, square miles. This county was incorpo- is partly in Craftsbury. The soil is genrated February 27, 1737. Middlebury, a erally sandy or gravelly. Along the rive thriving town on Otter creek, is the shire er is some fine intervale. Statistics of 1840. town, and is situated nearly in the centre -Horses, 228; cattle, 1,418; sheep, 3,of the county. The Supreme court sits 201; swine, 701 ; wheat, bu. 2,618; bar. here annually on the fourth Tuesday in ley, 894 ; oats, 10,769; rye, 131 ; buck January, and the County court' on the wheat, 2,175; Ind. corn, 1,597; potatoes, second Tuesday in June and December. 43,389 ; hay, tons, 2,685; sugar, lbs. Vergennes, situated on Otter creek 12) 42,298; wool, 6,121. Population, 920.




ALBURGH, a post town in Grand Isle in chronical complaints, and is a place of county lies in the north west corner of considerable resort. It is undoubtedly the state and is surrounded by water on all useful in cases of scrofula and cutaneous sides, except the north, where it is bound- eruptions.* There were in 1824, 8 school ed by Canada, or the 45th degree of north districts, 7 school houses, 3 stores, 3 taylatitude. It is bounded east by Missisco erns, 2 tanneries and a windmill which bay, west by lake Champlain, and runs did considerable business. Statistics of to a point at the south, being of a triangu- 1840.--Horses, 419; cattle, 1,878; sheep, lar form. The length of the township 4,897; swine, 1,005; wheat, bu. 9,237; from north to south is about 10 miles, and barley, 1,017; oats, 13,576; rye, 2,114; its average width about 34 miles. It is b’k wheat, 4,861; In. corn, 3,776; wool, 33 miles north of Burlington, and its 11,191. Population, 1,344. charter is dated February 23, 1781. The ALLEN's Point is the southern extrem. French made a small settlement here ity of Grand Isle in the township of more than 100 years ago and erected a South Hero. It takes its name from Mr. stone wind-mill upon a point, which has Allen, one of the early settlers there. in consequence, received the name of ANDOVER, a post town in the south Wind-mill Point. The settlement of this west part of Windsor county, is 20 miles township, by the English, was com south-west from Windsor, 68 south from menced by emigrants from St. Johns in Montpelier, and 37 north east from BenLower Canada about the year 1702. The nington, and lies in lat. 42° 17' and long. settlers were originally from the states, 343'. It is bounded north by Ludlow, but, being loyalists, they found it neces. east by Chester, south by Windhan), and sary, during the revolutionary war, to west by Weston, and contains about shelter themselves in Canada. For some 18,000 acres. The charter of Andover is years after the settlement was commen- dated Oct. 16, 1761, and was given to ced, they were much harrassed and per. Nathaniel House and his associates. Wesplexed by the diversity of claimants to ton was formerly a part of this township the lands. Ira Allen claimed the town and is included in the charter. It was and obtained a grant of it from the state set off and constituted a separate town, after the settlement was begun, and 5 or by the Legislature, Oct. 26, 1799. Shu6 years after brought actions of ejectment bal Geer and Amos Babcock came into against the settlers, which terminated in this township about the year 1768, and their favor. In their defence in these made a beginning, but soon abandoned it. suits the people expended about $3000. In 1776, Moses Warner, John Simons, It was also claimed by Sir George Young John Sinons, jr. Eli Pease, Jacob Pease, as a grant from the Duke of York, and by and James Keyes, emigrants from En. some others; but the settlers were deter. field, Con., made the first permanent setmined to hold the lands themselves, and tlement. William, son of Shubal Geer, all the actions of ejectment brought was the first child born in town. John against them have hitherto been decided Simons erected the first saw and grist mill in their favor. The town was organized about the year 1700. The town was orin 1792, and Thomas C. Reynolds was ganized in March, 1781. Moses Warner the first town clerk, and David Staunton, was first town clerk, and John Simons the first representative. The religious first representative. The religious dedenominations are Methodists, Episcopa- nominations in this town are Baptist, lians, Congregationalists and Baptists. Universalist, Methodist and CongregaThe Methodist society is considerable tionalist. The Baptist church was organlarge; the others are small. Neither so. ized August 31, 1803. The Rev. Joel ciety has a settled minister, but they are Maning was ordained over this church occasionally supplied with preaching. Oct. 2, 1806. The Baptist meeting. There are some instances of longevity, house in the northeast corner of the viz. Patrick Carigan, who was 99 years town, is 30 by 40 feet on the ground, and and 3 months old, and several others have was erected in 1809. The Universalist died here who were between 95 and 100. church was constituted in 1307. The Rev. Epidemics have frequently prevailed here, Cornelius G. Persons preached to this but there have been no very remarkable church and society four or five years. seasons of mortality. The surface of the The Congregationalist meeting house town is very level. There are no moun- stands near the centre of the town, is 44 tains or streams of any consequence. The by 5:2 feet on the ground, and was built soil is very rich and productive. The in 1820. The spoited fever appeared in timber is principally cedar,elm, maple and one neighbourhood in this town in the beech. There is a mineral spring which spring of 1812, and in eight days carried is somewhat celebrated for its efficacy * See part first page &.

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