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GL Depos USA 11-10-30


This document is an instructional booklet on methodology for implementing economic censuses in developing countries. Although many procedures are common to various segments of economic censuses, this document is limited specifically to censuses of manufacturing, mining, electricity, and gas industries. The materials cover all aspects of planning and executing a census-from selecting the topics to be investigated and determining the methods for collecting the information to processing and tabulating the results. The development of the case study has been prompted by the recognition that economic statistics are becoming increasingly important to developing countries. It also fills the need for a set of instructional materials on the conduct of industrial censuses that will meet the requirements of a wide variety of countries. It is intended for statisticians who would be responsible for carrying out economic census programs in their countries.

To provide a practical framework for presenting the concepts and procedures inherent in an industrial census, the case study approach was used. A mythical country called Providencia was created and provided with administrative subdivisions, social and economic characteristics of the population, industries, and a national statistical organization in the process of planning an industrial census for 1975. Conceptual and procedural guidelines were developed for this undertaking, using the recommendations of regional and international • agencies (particularly the United Nations) as well as the experiences of various nations in similar census programs. Since most countries conducting industrial censuses will be guided by such recommendations, this case study provides a conceptual and procedural bridge which can be adapted by a country planning to take an industrial census.

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Units I to VI of the case study discuss the major operational steps in the development of an industrial census program. The units are divided into chapters and exhibits, the latter comprising tables, maps, charts, work. sheets, questionnaires, and other forms. Each unit is identified by a Roman numeral and each chapter is identified by an Arabic numeral preceded by the unit number; for example, chapter IV-2 designates chapter 2 in Unit IV. Exhibits are numbered in sequence within the chapter to which they are related. The exhibit number consists of three parts-unit number, chapter number, and sequence number of the exhibit within the chapter; thus, exhibit 1-2-5, for example, designates the fifth exhibit in chapter 2 of Unit I.

The case study was prepared by the International Statistical Programs Center (ISPC) of the U.S. Bureau of the Census, under a Resources Support Services Agreement with the Office of International Training, U.S. Agency for International Development. Nina Pane Pinto, Survey Statistician, assisted in the overall direction of the project. Richard Robinson, Special Assistant to the Associate Director for Economic Fields in the U.S. Bureau of the Census, was responsible for the original conception of the project.

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Units 1 to VI were developed and written by team of four consultants, former U.S. Census Bureau statis. ticians who played major roles in the conduct of industrial censuses and surveys and who had census experi. ence in developing countries. Unit I was prepared by Edward D. Gruen, Units II and IV by Willis K. Jordan, Units III and VI by Owen C. Gretton, and Unit V by Irving Weiss. Jerry Norton, Computer Data Systems Adviser in ISPC, adapted Unit V for electronic computer processing. Linda H. Ambill designed the exhibits and Dorie Burch was responsible for the text layout and final typing of the original manuscript. Deborah Serfass and Teri Pepper typed the changes in the revised version, which incorporates minor changes to the original text. A number of other persons made important contributions to the concept of Providencia and the development of the materials; the cooperation of these persons is gratefully acknowledged.

This case study supersedes the previous case study Providencia: A Case Study in Economic Censuses, which dealt with economic censuses for 1963.

January 1977
Revised April 1980

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