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XVII. Conjugal condition, by race, sex, nativity, and age, by provinces

and cities ..............................

.........

XVIII. Ilegitimate children, by provinces and cities .......

.....

XIX. School attendance, literacy, and superior education, by provinces

and municipal districts...............

XX. Literacy, by age, sex, nativity, and race, by provinces and cities.

XXI. School attendance, by months, by sex, race, nativity, and age, by

provinces and cities .....

XXII. Higher education, by age, sex, race, and nativity, by provinces

and cities .........

XXIII. Occupation groups, by sex, race, and nativity, by provinces and

cities ........

XXIV. Occupation groups, by sex, race, and nativity, by municipal districts

XXV. Occupation groups, by age, sex, race, and nativity, by provinces

and cities ....

XXVI. Occupations, by sex, race, and nativity, for the island.

XXVII. Occupations, by age and sex, for the island......

XXVIII. Occupations, by citizenship and sex, for the island..

XXIX. Occupations, by sex and education, for the island.

XXX. Occupations, by sex and conjugal condition, for the island...

XXXI. Occupations, by sex and country of birth, for the island..

XXXII. Occupations, by provinces .............

XXXIII. Selected occupations, by age, sex, and race, by provinces ......

XXXIV. Selected occupations, by age and sex, by provinces .........

XXXV. Selected occupations, by sex and citizenship, by provinces .......

XXXVI. Selected occupations, by sex and education, by provinces ........

XXXVII. Selected occupations, by sex and conjugal condition, by provinces.

XXXVIII. Selected occupations, by sex and country of birth, by provinces...

XXXIX. Number and size of families, by provinces and municipal districts.

XL. Dwellings and families, by provinces and municipal districts..

XLI. Source of water supply, by provinces and municipal districts.....

XLII. Disposition of garbage, by provinces and municipal districts....

XLIII. Disposition of excreta, by provinces and municipal districts..

Agriculture, history of, in Cuba..

Sugar...

Tobacco.

Coffee ....

Cocoa

Fruit ......

Inferior agricultural implements

Poor country roads.

Stock raising ....

Number of coffee, sugar, and tobacco plantations, cattle ranches, and cattle..

Discussion of results ....

Farm areas.

Farm tenure ...

Size of farms...

Products...

Tables of agriculture...

XLIV. Farm areas........

XLV. Tenure, by race and by size of farms, number ...

XLVI. Tenure, by race and by size of farms, cultivated area

XLVII. Products .......

XLVIII. Sugar plantations, classified by area ..

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O Census.......

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LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.

MAPS.

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Map of Cuba.......
Increase and decrease of population.
Density of rural population ......
Size of cities......
Distribution of sex......
Proportion of native white inhabitants....
Proportion of foreign white inhabitants ...
Proportion of colored inhabitants...
Average size of families...
Proportion of married persons to population ...
Proportion of those living together by mutual consent to total population
Proportion of illiterates to total population.

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DIAGRAMS.

102

114

116 120

Population classified by sex, race, and nativity, by provinces....
Population by age and sex ........
Citizenship by birthplace and illiteracy ......
The city of Habana.
Size of families.................
Conjugal condition, by race, sex, and age ...
Conjugal condition, by provinces ..
Illiteracy by race and nativity..
Illiteracy by provinces..
Occupations by race, sex, and nativity...
Occupations by provinces.
Birth rates...
Marriage rates....
Death rates

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PHOTOGRAPHIC REPRODUCTIONS.

.. Frontispiece.

Supervisors of the Cuban census...
Yumuri Valley.....
General landscape of cultivated farms...
Cave of Ballamar, near Matanzas...
Ruins of copper mines at El Cobre and Sierra Maestre
Surrender Tree, near San Juan..
Habana.
Habana..
Matanzas..
Bridge over Yumuri River at Matanzas

..................

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Pinar del Rio ......
Puerto Principe ...
Santa Clara .........
Santiago de Cuba...
Entrance to harbor of Cienfuegos......
Nuevitas.....
Trinidad.
Sancti Spiritus, from roof of orderly quarters
Baracoa and entrance to harbor .......
Dimas, village in province of Pinar del Rio
Native white family
Native colored family..
Native plow...........
Plowing with oxen ...
Sugar mill, province of Santa Clara
Cutting and stripping cane ........
Transporting cane to sugar mills..
Central Conchita ....
Sugar machinery, “Central Caracas,” province of Santa Clara
Tobacco plant.
Setting out young tobacco plants ...
Tobacco plantation, province of Santa Clara
Tobacco-drying house ........
Sorting tobacco and putting it in bundles..
Baling tobacco .
Tobacco train ...........
Fruit exhibit.
Ready to cut pines and bananas
Cocoa grove....
Pinery..................
Avenue of Royal Palms, Matanzas
Climbing the royal palm ........
Roping cattle ........
Typical municipal school building
School for girls, Matanzas.
Municipal school, Matanzas ..................
Pupils of the college “Olavarrette,” Habana ......
Exterior “University of Habana,” as seen from O'Reilly stre
Class in the corridor of the “Royal College,” Habana...
College “Maria Louisa Dolorosa," ....

.........
Royal College of Belen, Habana ...........
Supervisor and enumerators, province of Habana ..
Supervisor and enumerators, province of Matanzas...
Supervisor and enumerators, Pinar del Rio ..
Supervisor and enumerators, province of Puerto Principe
Supervisor and enumerators, province of Santa Clara....
Supervisor and enumerators, Santiago de Cuba.
Female enumerators, Habana.....
Enumerators of the city of Matanzas..
Enumerators, city of Cardenas........

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WAR DEPARTMENT, CUBAN CENSUS,

Washington, August 25, 1900. Sir: I have the honor to submit the following report of the census of Cuba:

In the early part of July, 1899, I received instructions from the Hon. Russell A. Alger, Secretary of War, to prepare a “memorandum" for a census of Cuba. In August, immediately after your arrival in Washington, this “memorandum” was submitted to the Director of the United States Census, Hon. W. R. Merriam, the Assistant Director, Dr. F. H. Wines, and Mr. William C. Hunt, chief statistician. After consultation with the War Department it was decided that a census covering the field of inquiry usual in the United States was not expedient for Cuba, in view of existing conditions; that the schedules should be limited to population, agriculture, and education, as the three subjects of most importance; that the general plan of the United States census should be followed; and that, to save time, the schedules and other blank forms necessary for the enumeration of a population estimated at 1,600,000 be printed at once. The estimated cost of taking the census on this basis, together with a statement of the amount disbursed, will be found in Appendix XXI. As the Senate Committee on Cuban Relations, of which Senator 0. H. Platt is chairman, will publish an itemized statement of the expenditures, they are omitted, to avoid unnecessary repetition.

It was proposed in the memorandum” that the census be taken under the supervision of the Military Governor of the island by certain Cuban officials, assisted by officers and enlisted men of the United States Army, but as the census was primarily for the benefit of the Cubans, and as the work would demonstrate in some measure their capacity to perform an important civil duty, it was decided by the Secretary of War that the offices of supervisors and enumerators should be filled by Cubans, and that the field work should be performed by them, under the supervision of an experienced officer of the United States census, so that when the enumeration should be completed it would be a census of Cubans by Cubans.

No decision could have been more fortunate, and, coupled with the proclamation of the President, in which the census was declared to

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