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In the following table the per cents are given by provinces for each

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Among both races marriage was much more common in Puerto Principe than in any other province. But the difference was more marked among the colored than among the whites. The proportion of married among the colored adults of Puerto Principe was one-half greater than in any other province. But among the white adults of that province the married, while twice as numerous as among the colored, were only about one-seventh more numerous than among the whites in Habana city. Marriage was far more evenly distributed among whites than among colored. In the province where it was most general (Puerto Principe) it was less than one-third more common than among the whites of the adjoining province of Santiago, where the proportion of married whites was lowest. But among the colored adults of Puerto Principe marriage was almost five times as common as among the colored adults of Matanzas. The table shows that the local influences favorable to marriage differed widely for the two races. To show this more clearly the provinces may be arranged in the order of the prevalence of marriage among white and among colored adults as follows:

Provinces arranged in the order of increasing prevalence of marriage amongWhite adults:

Colored adults: Santiago.

Matanzas. Habana (excluding city).

Habana (city). Pinar del Rio.

Santa Clara. Santa Clara.

Habana (excluding city). Matanzas.

Pinar del Rio. Habana (city).

Santiago. Puerto Principe.

Puerto Principe.

No relation whatever can be discerned between these two series. Why should Santiago have few marriages among whites and many among colored, or Matanzas few among colored and many among whites?

The married classified by race and sex and age. - In the following table the proportion of married in the adult population of each sex and race is stated.

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In preceding paragraphs it has appeared that the proportion of married women in Cuba was slightly greater than the proportion of married men (p. 120), and that this difference was confined to the whites (p. 126); that the difference between the sexes for the total population was less than 1 per cent, but for the whites alone was nearly 2 per cent. The last table shows that for white adults the difference between the two sexes was nearly 5 per cent.

In the following table the facts are given in the same way, by sex and race for the several provinces.

Per cent of adult population (15+) of sex und race specified who were married.

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From the preceding table it appears that among white adults the proportion of married females was greater in each province than the proportion of married males. Among colored adults in five of the seven. provinces the reverse was true. The difference is due to the excess of males among white adults and of females among colored adults. In all monogamous countries, if either sex is decidedly in the minority, it is almost sure to have a larger proportion of married than the sex which outnumbers it. Among the white adults of Cuba 54.9 per cent were male, but among the colored adults only 47.5 per cent were male. Hence the chance of marriage in the one race is greater among females, and in the other greater among males. This excess of males among white adults appeared in every province of Cuba, and accordingly the higher proportion of married among females was equally general. The excess of females among colored adults appeared in five of the seven

divisions, and in each of these five the proportion of married was higher among colored males. Santa Clara had more colored men than women, and accordingly, in that province, the proportion of married was higher among colored women. In Puerto Principe, while the women were slightly in excess (51.7 per cent) among colored adults, the slight difference was probably offset by the earlier age at which women marry.

In the following table the facts for all Cuba are given by sex and race and eight age periods.

Per cent of married in population group of sex, race, and age specified.

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Marriage was about 3.1 times as general among white men as among colored men, but 3.7 times as general among white women as among colored women, the difference being due, as just explained, to the excess of white men and of colored women in Cuba. Taking these ratios as the standard, it appears from the preceding table that prior to the age of 30, and for males prior to the age of 45, the proportion of married among colored was uniformly higher than when all ages are included. This suggests that relatively to the white the generation of colored which has grown up since emancipation have entered upon legal marriage rather more commonly than their parents did. The difference may also be connected with the excess of males among the aged colored. At each of the age periods above 45 the colored males outnumbered the females. There were 12,897 colored persons born in Africa reported by this census (Table XI), the great majority in the higher age groups, and nearly three-fifths (59 per cent) were males. Then, too, there were 14,614 colored persons born in China, most of whom also belonged to the higher ages, and of these practically all (99.7 per cent) were males. That, notwithstanding this difference, a larger proportion of the colored men than of colored women at those ages were married must be due to the marriage by old men of younger women.

The married classified by place of birth.The tables make it possible to analyze the conjugal condition of the population of Cuba with reference to one further element-nativity. This tabulation is confined to the white race alone. The question may be asked: Was marriage

24662_ 9

REPORT ON THE CENSUS OF CUBA, 1899

y

colored, or Matanzas few among colored an

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(15+).

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White males... Colored males.. White females... Colored females.

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