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sorry to see the respectable bust of the elegant Tully disgraced by this very unclaflical production. But, perhaps, some graceless Book feller, of inferior note, hath made free with Mr. Dodiley's name, in order to prepossess the public in favour of a performance which might otherwise have passed entirely unnoticed in the motley throng of new publications.
Chronological Tables of Universal History, sacred and prophane, ecclefiaftical and civil; from the Creation of the World to the Year One Thousand Seven Hundred and Forty-three. With a preliminary Discourse on the port Method of Studying History: And a Catalogue of Books neceffary for that Purpose; with some Remarks on them. By Abbé Lenglet Dufresnoy. In two parts. Translated from the last French Edition ; and continued down to the Death of King George the Second.
8vo. 2 Vols. 125. Millar, &c.
The nature and character of this work are so well known and eftablished, that it would be superfluous here to expatiate on either: fo large a portion of it, however, being employed in matters relative to the ecclesiastical history of the Romish Church, we little expected to see it translated into our own language. The preliminary Discourse, indeed, is well worihy the perusal of the English Reader, and will afford him both entertainment and instruction.
With regard to the translation, the Operator complains, that the difficulty of it was uncommonly great ; the many hundreds of names of persons and places, which French Writers are so notoriously re. markable for corrupting, having cost him almost as much time and trouble to rectify, as it would have done to compile the whole work.
That the French Writers are too often faulty in the above respect, is undeniable ; our Translator, however, hath given us several flagrant instances of his neglect, or incapacity, to correct them. Such are those of his inserting sometimes the French, and at others the vernacular, names of the same persons and places; English names with Latin terminations, and frequently the French names of places much better known by English appellations. Nay, we will not prefume to think every mere English Geographer knows where to look in the map for Anvers and Malines; much less can we imagine a Translator capable of rectifying the defect he complains of, who calls the famous Spinoza, Benedict of Spinoza.
Art. 30. Arden of Feversham. An historical Tragedy, taken
from Hollinshed's Chronicle, in the Reign of Edward VI. Acted at the Theatre-royal in Drury-lane. By the late Mr. Lillo. 12mo. 6d. Davies.
Scarce an apprentice in the city, scarce a play-reading girl in the kingdom, is unacquainted with the genius and manner of honest
Lillo, author of the natural and affecting tragedy of George Barkwell. Of the same rank and moral turn is this melancholy tale of Arden, now first published, tho' written many years ago. The manufcript was long in the poffeffion of his acquaintance, late The. CIBBER, who first brought his Barnwell on the flage: but whether this edition is printed from Cibber's, or some other copy, we are not informed.
The fimplicity and instructive tendency of this writer's plain and artless compofition, is characteristically intimated in the prologue to this tragedy: spoken by Mr. Havard :
His muse resembles him, and knows no art;
The tragic bard apes . not the epic fire,
To-night your Bard, from your own annals shews.
Pangs which must always wait on lawleis love. After all, is not this making a virtue of necessity? If Lillo had poffeised greater powers of sriting, we hould never have seen this encomium on the want of them. He doubtless wrote his besi, as the phrase goes; and could he have soared to a superior pitch, might he not have been cqually successful in rouching the hart? The Conscious Lovers is an elegant production; and yet the scenes of tenderness in that moral comedy are as moving as the most diftrefsfal parts in many of our deepest tragedies.
* Mr. Lillo was a tradesman of London ; born in the city, and lived near Moorgate : his business that of a jeweller. He died in the year 1739, For other circumitances of his life, and an account of his other writings, besides Barnwell and Arden, we refer to Cibber's Lives of the Poets..
Art. 31. A Review of Mr. Pitt's Administration. 8vo. 25. 6d.
Rather an history of the war, during Mr. Pite's adminiftration, than a review of that gentleman's mouves and actions, (as is intimated by the motto to this pamphlet) while he guided the helm of the state. The author is warm in his commendations of the great man ; and, indeed, it is observable of all who have written for or against this popular minifter, that neither, the one or the other are wanting in ardour, whether their pens were employed in praising or abusing him. As to the merits of this performance, -the fa&s are such as the author could collect from the public gazettes, &c. which he has digested into a continued narrative ; his style is not ill suited to the nature of historical composition; but his language is often very incorrect : and he has some expreflions much below the dignity of his subject. Yet, on the whole, this tract contains no unentertaining summary of our public affairs during Mr. Pitt's administration ; the particulars of which seem to be honestly and candidly represented.
Art. 32. The Universal Mentor ; containing Esays on the most
important Subjects in Life; composed of Observations, Sentiments, and Examples of Virtut; selečted from the approved Ethic Writers, Bisgraphers, and Historians, both ancient and modern. B; Sir John Fielding, Knt. 12mo. 35. Millar.
Tho' this indefatigable magistrate is much employed in the care of the police, and in correcting the depraved morals of that immoral neighbourhood in which fo vigilant a guardian is, happily fituated; he has, nevertheless, found time to empty his private common-place-book for the benefit of the public. Having, in his younger days, had the misfortune to lose his fight, he had recourse to study, . as the only means of beguiling that time which otherwise might have hung heavy on his hands; and in the course of his pursuit of knowlege, he made this collection of obfervations, opinions, apophthegins, fentiments, anecdotes, &c. which he has ranged under proper titles, and introduced by a dedication to the Earl of Bute. If we thought there was any want of this kind of compilations, we fould not fcru. pie to recommend the prefent work for the use of
Art. 33. A Letter to a Friend, on his having Thoughts of mar
rying a Lady of the Roman Catholic Religion. 8vo. 6 d.
Many invincible objections may be brought by every consistent protestant, againlt having too intimate a connexion with those who are attach'd to the church of Rome; but the arguments here made use of to dissuade a Proteftant gentleman againit marrying a Roman Catholic lady, are not merely those arising from a difference in religious sentiments in general ; the article of confesh n alone, being a fuffi. cient bar, in our author's opinion. He particularly argues from a Popish book entitled & Manual of Spiritmul Exercises, or Instructions
for Chriftians ; in which, among other Spiritual exercises is, An Examination of Conscience, &c. wherein the examinant is, with a most beastly immodesty, interrogated on such lascivious points as are not fit to be mentioned even in a brothel. We cannot, therefore, think of defiling our page with any extract from this filthy Exercise, which the letter-writer fets down as more likely to fully the imagination and debauch the heart, than the groffest publications of the most avowed libertines. What a door, says he, is here opened to designing and lewd priests, by these shameful questions, to effcctuate the basert purposes !-How easily do they break down all the barriers of modesty, penetrare into the inmost recesses of the soul, and with an exactness exceeding that of the best thermometer, take the precise degree of warmth of the penitent's conftitution !—The lat privilege of humanity, that of keeping one's thoughts to one's self, is merci. lessly torn away, and the whole foul bared and laid naked to the wanton inspection of the confeffor.' The author goes on to expatiate very warmly on this delicate, or rather indelicate article ; and concludes-with earnestly asking his friend, if he can submit to take a wife whose religion obliges her to enter into such discus. fions with another man, as decency and modesty would make insupportable even to her husband ; which excites in her mind the most loose and libidinous ideas; which lays her under the necessity of familiarising her mind to such execrable and loathsome vices as human nature revolts at the very thought of?'-t is really an absurd and shocking practice, thus (on a religious pretence especially) to contaminate young and innocent minds, with the knowlege of such crimes as, otherwise, they might never have been acquainted with...Ve dum prohibebant Jubere viderentur.
Art. 34. Gulielmi Hudsoni Flora Anglica, exhibens Plantas per
regnum Angliæ sponte crescentes ; Disributas, fecundum Systema Sexuale : cum Differentiis specierum, Synonimis autorum, nominibus in colarum, solo locorum, tempore florendi, Officinalibus Pharmacopæorum. 8vo. 6s. 6d. in boards. Nourse.
We have here a pretty numerous list of English plants; in describing and classing which Mr. Hudson hath adopted the method of Line næus. He confesses himself also indebted to the following gentlemen for the aflistance they have occasionally afforded him, in procuring materials for the execution of the work. Messrs. Alchome, Bolton, Collinson, Lyons, Miller, Watson, Wilmar, and particularly Mr. Stillinfleet *' The author appears to have taken considerable pains, notwithstanding which, he seems to be sensible of, and thus modeft. ly apologizes for, the unavoidable defects of his performance.
Cæterum quamvis nihil fciens prætermifi quod confere potuit elucidan. do rem fubjicium, non labori peperci, nullam occafionem neglexi consulen.
* A gentleman who has obliged the public with several performances relating to natural history, agriculture, &c. which have been duly noticed in our Review,
di, herbaria ficca evolvendi et plantas vivas examinandi et defecandi, ut opus omnibus numeris abfolutum prodiret; confcius fum tamen me rullo modo fcopum attigife, prasertim quoad clafjem cryptoguami!!, que ad hæc usque tempora quantum fio, obscura manet, et mihi plurimum moleftiæ crtavit. In uno iftius clases ordine, viz Fungorum me mult un deficere agnofco; nec fine aliis Dilleniis, aliis Micheliis extricare se quisquam poterit, cum hunc ordinem experientia edoctus affirmare poffum, ut Linnæi verbis utar, etiamnum Chaos effe, nefcientibus Botanicis in his quid fit fpecies, quid Variejas,
Art. 35. The Compleat Italian Master; containing the best and
easiest Rules for attaining that Language. By Signor Veneroni, Italian Secretary to the French King. Newly tranNated into English from the last Dutch edition, revised and improved from that of Bafil. Large 12mo. 55. Nourse
The character of this book has been long established. The translator has improved it by the following useful additions ; 1. An in. troduction to fyntax. II
. A treatise on expletives, compound words, capitals, and itops. III, An essay on Italian poetry. IV. A refor mation of the dictionary; by correcting the errors of the former edition, expunging the inultitude of barbarous words, and substituting others in their itead, from the celebrated Dizionario della Crusca.
Art. 36. The polite Lady: or a Course of Female Education; in
a Series of Letters from a Mother to a Daughter. 12mo. 35. Newbery.
Very proper for the perusal of young ladies at the boarding school being calculated not only for their initruction, but for their amusement also : the style of the letters is easy and natural ; and the precepts are agreeably illustrated by a number of little familiar examples. Some flight defects may be observed in the work; but
whe breaks a butterfly upon the wheel?
Art. 37. A Letter to a Merchant at Bristol, concerning a Petition
I, Esq; to the King, for an exclusive Grant to the Trade of the River Senegal. By a Merchant of London. To which is prefixed, a Copy of the Petition. 8vo. 15. Kearsly.
Monopolies are undoubtedly, as the writer of this pamphlet has well expressed it, that canker of industry, that disease, under which no commerce can long survive ;' and therefore we are glad to see so strenuous' an opposition to Mr. T~'s endeavours for engrosling the trade of this important part of our new acquisitions. The letterwriter has strictly examined the foundation of that gentleman's claim to such a privilege, and seems to have clearly shewn the injury which it would occasion to the African commerce. We have great re