Gambar halaman

Readers, however mistaken he may happen to be, lays claim at least to our thanks for his good intention : but surely one who hath so much judgment as to hold his works cheap, is inexcusable for adding to the number of indifferent books already printed. Happy, indeed, is it that books, as well as men, are mortal, or in process of time the whole world might incur the danger of becoming one great library, and Authors be literally obliged to starve on their own works!

Our great objection to the poem before us, is, that many parts of it are very deficient in the harmony of numbers, so effential to poetry; but if, as we suppose, it is the work of a juvenile Writer, he may in time acquire a more perfect ear than he possesses at present, We do not tax him, however, with a want of sense or sensibility ; and, perhaps, he would do well to consider, whether, in any future production, he may not be likely to succeed better in prose.

Art. 30. An Epiflle to the King. 4to. 6d. Waller. . Very moral, but very dull.

MEDIC A L. Art. 31. A necessary Supplement to the former Essays on the medi

cinal Virtues of Hemlock. By Dr. Anthony Störck, Aulic Counsellor, and a chief Physician to her most facred Majesty the Empress-Queen, and Physician to the Pazmarian Hospital of the City of Vienna. With several Corollaries and Admonitions, and a Figure of the Plant used at Vienna, drawn from the Life. Translated from the original Latin, printed at Vienna, 1761. By a Physician. 8vo. Is. Becket.

We find this foreign physical Author, so often reviewed on this subject, is not discouraged from a farther prosecution of it, by the opinion of those unnamed “ medical people of great rank," who, he says, “ have given a premature and harsh sentence against Hemlock: nor yet by the enmity and ingratitude of other nameless persons,” whom he professes “to have treated with the greatest refpe&, and all manner of good offices.” With regard to the former, if they have condemned it, without any experience of their own, or a wellfounded information of its noxious quality or inefficacy, they are juftly censurable : though if their condemnation of it is oppoftely circumstanced, they mult be as justifiable in rejecting, as Dr. Storck is in patronizing, it. But if any others, obliged to him, have allowed themselves in any personal scurrilities or invectives against him, even after having experienced the injurious effects or insignificance of his favourite plant, it is both ungenerous and absurd ; and perhaps such conduct may partly arise from on the great honours and advantages which Hemlock has procured him. There is enough, however, in these repeated complaints, and, indeed, in our Author's oc


[ocr errors]


- casional concesions, to evince, that his medicine has sometimes been found as ineffectual, and even as inconvenient, in Germany as in England. But since Dr. Storck has not acquainted us with the names, nor the number of those who have decried it, we can form no eltimate of their weight and proportion in respect to the many approvers of fpecified in his former pamphlets.

The cases in this pamphlet, being just as many cures, are twentytwo; though some few Patients continued the medicine while he wrote. They took no other, and were afflicted with different diseases. Eight of them were schirrous, others ulcerous, and one had an open can

which was almost healed, the Patient daily continuing to take a drachm and a half of the extract. :i He confesies however, there are . Some cases, in which there is no success"; of the number of which ; we could wish to have been ascertained. It is very plain at the same

time, that Dr. Storck confiders all such as incurables, by any remedy yet discovered. But we have the less occasion to despair entirely even about fuch, as he here expressly says, page 40.

If that was not fufficiènc, I have another ready-Thus

. I fall ascend by degrees,” &c. whence we may infer, the Doctor has been experiencing the effects of some other plant, and most probably of some poisonous one.

The Corollaries that follow these cases, are pretty similar to many in his former på miphlets," and predicate the Hemlock very highly, indeed: Dr. Lebmacker has given him two histories of its fuccess in ulcers after the small-pox; whence our Author recommends the trying it in the feverelt degrees and stages of that distemper.

In his Admonitions, after confefsing," he has had Patients of a!l kinds, to whom Hemlock was of no service (no such concession, we 2: think, having been made in his first pamphlet] tho’indicated from a e fimilitude of the disease;" he immediately refers those who doubt of

the certainty of the cures he has published, to the illuftrious Van Swieten, who, he says, has an account of the names and residence of the Patients.

Upon the whole of these Admonitions, they contain very little new. *The burthen of the song is, Hemlock, Hemlock! notwithstanding he ***.1 concludes at last, a little inconsistently, “ he does not affirmn it has any

'fpecific virtue." He congratulates himself, neverthelels, on hearing -j., there are several Physicians who follow his example, about divers

vegetables." Are these such as, like Hemlock, are to have no spe. cihe virtues ? For as to plants, or parts of plants, which will purge, vomit, sweat, or provoke urine, we are not unprovided of duplicates,

and quadruplicates abundantly. The researches of these Gentlemen 9* are, probably, exercised, like his own, among the deleterious vege

tables, which may be indigenous, or native, in Germany, the Scla num, the Cicuta aquatica, and the Aconitum primum ardolian. bes of Gesner, or Thora Vallensis of Ray, which Dr. Lewis supposes to be the poisonous root discovered some years past, among the Gentian imported from Germany. These venemous investigations seem to verify cur predictions, vol. XXV. page 349, 350: nor is it very certain this fancy may not hereafter establish tome travelling Academicians,


for making experiments with the poisonous vegetables in Nubia, and throughout the Torrid Zone. 4.

But if Dr. Storck has fome occasions to congratulate himself in Vienna and elsewhere,' we find his admirers there have not been unprovided with certain opportunities to condole also with him, on the opposition of other Physicians. Of such he thus feelingly complains, “ They who might and ought to have 'allifted me, desired to be excused. Yea, they have even, by sharp cenfures, and repeated harangues to the fous of art, condemned and proscribed my works, and would have them destroyed by fire and sword. Ah me! miserable fate of man." Miserable enough, indeed; though he must have been the better enabled to support it, by the previous comfort he acknowleges, in compliment to Baron Van Swieten, " Happy me! who have an opportunity to practice phyfic under the au{pices of to great a man.” There is nothing, however, very extraordinary in this vicissitude of happiness and misery. As Foresight fays, our lives are chequered : and we are truly concerned, on more accounts than one, chat it is not honelily at present in our power to add confiderably to the number of our Author's Comforters, by many initances of the success of Hemlock among ourselves. Perhaps the whole truth' las not as yet been entirely drawn out of the well; but the portion that has hitherto appeared here, has done, upon the whole, but moderate honour to the Extract. We have not a single instance, in the last volume of Medical Enquiries and Observations, of either its success or failure : but the declaration of there Gentlemen in their preface, “ That they do not chufe to determine finally against the Hemlock, until it has been tried to the utmost advantage,” bears an unpromising aspect. Mr. Pott, who must have had various opportunities of feeing, and hearing of its effects in ulcers, and in venereal cafes, in which Dr. Storck fo * supremely celebrates it, has declared in his late treatise on the Hydrocele, " it has been always infignificant throughout his acquaintance with it,” or fully to that efficer,

The case we formerly mentioned in Ireland, as alleviated + by it, and for whose success we heartily wilhed, has terminated, we hear, in an entire cure. It had been named an occult cancer, and never ulcerated. The extract was given several months, and incicaled to fixty grains daily.' On the other hand, a late interesting case in Cheshire, which feemed to mend considerably for some time, under 'a course of Hemlock and the Bark, terininaied in a sudden and fatal hæmorrhage from the throat, to which the last was not likely to contribute. We have been assured in some of the Doclor's former Corol. laries, that Hemlock does not act by a colliquation f of the blood; and in the present, " that it cures the molt malign ulcers, filtulas, and finufles." . It is certain, however, in this, it did not

* It carries of the relists (relics) of a venereal diflemer, that yield 10 no other remedy., Page 27.

+ Review, vol. XXV. page 256. 1 liem, page 357

impart such a consistence to the blood, as might have indispored it to a hæmorrhage; neither did it prevent or cure such an ulceratior, as might have eroded the blood vessels from which it issued. Briefly, if the experience of Dr. Storck, and of its other admirers, are to determine us, Hemlock is the word ; if our own, that assures us, tho'it be sometimes a remedy, it is very often as fallible is many others. Perhaps it might not chagrin our Author, if several of our fchirrous Patients, and others, were conveyed to Vienna, to receive it of true German growth, and according to his own preparation, with the concurrent operation of Austrian air and regimen : but this seems unlikely to happen soon.

For our own part, we acknowlege, the very different consequences of this Extract in Germany and here (for in France it appears to have done very little) are so extremely difficult to account for; that we are sometimes tempted to imagine the most extraordinary cafes it has cured abroad, (as the perfect removal of two schirrous tumours as big as the man's head, and on each side of it, &c. &c.) muit have resulted from such a poisonous state of the whole conititution, as could be removed by nothing less than another poison of an opposite quality. This, probably weak suggestion we have been driven to, from a resolution to credit Dr. Storck's evidence ftri&ly with regard to facts; and not to conclude, that, like other true Lovers, he had been agreeably amused with several imposing reveries, and, under such an influence, had composed the Legend, inftead of the History, of Hemlock. But having suificient confidence both in his honelty and experience, we reject any such conclusion, notwithstanding many crudities, and some puerilities, which might be instanced in him as a Writer, but which by no means affect his credibility.

We have not seen the Latin original of this tract, the translation is always plain and intelligible; and we ihould not omit, that a good copper-plate of the right Hemlock is prefixed to it; which, with the very deep glossy green leaves of the piant, its spotted hollow italk, and its peculiar rank imell

, may prevent any attentive perion from mittak. ing it. We may be deceived, perhaps, in supposing this pamphlet to be the last on the subject, that will require an English Review; but we shall certainly rejoice to find the Hemlock's future success here, equal to all its Pation's encomiums; and ihall experience more pleasure in publishing our happy conviction of it, than we have felt from our necefiary and well-intended ftrictures on ail the performances concerning it.

An qui verè amant ipfi fibi fomnia fingunt? In skort, the many miraculous curis here as ribed to this Simple, may imply its medicinal viimes to exced those of the fumous Moly and Nepenthe of the Poets,

The SERMONS in our next.

[merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors]

Conclufion of the Account of the Doctrine, of Grace. By the

Bishop of Gloucester.

N our last number we gave an account of what this learne.

ed Author has advanced in the first part of his Discourse, which proposed to consider the office and operations of the holy Spirit as the Guide of Truth, who clears and enlightens the understanding. After having endeavoured to vindicate the inspiration of fcripture, to distinguish the mode of that inspiration, to explain the character of an inspired language, &c. he proceeds to the second branch of his Discourse, which is, to consider the Holy Spirit under the idea of the Comforter, who purifies and supports the will.

: And here, we are told, his divine power manifested itself in the fame miraculous operations. Sacred antiquity is very, large and full in its account of the sudden and entire change made by the Holy Spirit, in the difpofitions and manners of those whom it had enlightened; instantaneoully effacing all their evil habits, and familiarizing their practice to the performance of every virtuous and pious action.

* To this illustrious and triumphant conviction of the truth of Christianity, the very enemies and persecutors of our holy Faith have been forced to bear witness': not only in the seris ous accounts which some of them (Pliny, the younger, Sues tonius, Tacitus, &c.) have given of the innocence and vir tue of PRIMITIVE CHRISTIANITY; but even in the mocket ry and ridicule of others, (Cellus, Julian, &c.), on the suba ject of the boasted virtue of water-baptifm; which was then L. VOL. XXVII.

Сс ..


« SebelumnyaLanjutkan »