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tioners, who are not conversant in botany, and are nevertheless desirous of trying the effects of this plant, may with certainty know what it is. Dr. Watson had, indeed, endeavoured, in a former paper, to prove this plant to be the common Hemlock, and not the Cicuta aquatica, as had been suggested by some. Dr. Storke, however, has, it seems, put this matter out of doubt, by transmitting from Vienna fome leaves of the plant he used, which appears to be of the same fpecies as the common Hemlock. 16. An account of an Anthelion observed near Oxford. In a letter
from the Rev. John Swinton, B.D. of Christ Church, Oxon. F. R. S.
This is a particular and well-narrated account of a phenomenon, observed from Shotover Hill, July 24, 1760. Anthelia, or mock suns, have appeared too seldom to afford sufficient grounds for a physiological explication of their cause; the Author, however, drops several fenfible hints tending to confirm the received opinion, respecting the formation of this kind of meteors. 17. An account of a production of Nature at Dunbar in Scotland,
like that of the Giants-Causeway in Ireland. By the Bishop of
Osory. 18. An account of a remarkable Meteor seen at Oxford. In a
letter from the Rev. John Swinton, F. R. S. This phenomenon was a very uncommon one; resembling an iris, except that its colours were very different. The Observer conceives it to have been a kind of a water-spout: an extraordinary appearance, indeed, so far from the sea as Oxford ! 19. An account of some produclions of Nature in Scotland, resembling the Giants-causeway in Ireland. By Emanuel Mendez da Costa, F.R.S.
The Bishop of Onory's account, just mentioned, of the rocks at the entrance of the harbour of Dunbar, gave rise to the communication of the present, of some similar productions in other parts of Scotland, particularly in Cana island, near the isle of Sky. 21. Disertatio de Zoophytis, quam Regiæ Societati Scientiarum
Anglia legendam at judicandam prabet Job Bafler, M. D. Aiad. Cerf. Reg. Soc. Angl. et Holland. Soc.
To this dissertation is annexed a copper-plate, with figures to illustrate the verbal description. 22. An account of an uncommon Phenomenon in Dorsetshire. In a
letter from John Stephens, M. A. The phenomenon here described is that of a smoke, and sometimes of a visible flame, issuing from the cliffs near Charmouth in the western part of Dorsetshire ; first observed in August 1751, and continued at intervals ever since. The Writer makes several pertinent remarks on the appearances he observed, with their cause and consequences, not unworthy the consideration of the Naturalift. 24. A description of the Cephus. In a letter from D. Lyfons,
M. D. The Cephus is a sea-bird, of which we have here a very minute account. 26. An account of the Earthquake at Lisbon, the 31st of March,
1761. In a letter from thence to Joseph Salvador, Esq; F.R.S. 27. Another account of the fame Earthquake. In a letter from
Mr. Molloy. This is said to have been the most severe shock felt at Lifbon, fince the dreadful overthrow of that city in 1755. No great damage, however, was occasioned by it. 30. An account of an Earthquake felt in the island of Madeira,
March 31, 1761. By Thomas Heberden, M. D. F. R. S. Communicated by William Heberden, M. D. F. R. S.
Dr. Heberden remarks, that tho' it be a common observation, that a calm always attends an Earthquake, no such thing happened in this; but a fine gale of wind before and after, as well as during the time of the Thock. He observes also, that the fun, which shone very bright, was surrounded immedias ately after the earthquake by a very large halo, which lasted about an hour, and then gradually disappeared. 31. An account of a treatise in Latin, presented to the Royal Society, entitled, De admirando frigore artificiali, 9:40 mercurius eft congelatus, differtatio, &c. a7. A. Braunio, Acar!. Scien. Membro, &c. "By William Watson, M. D. R. S.S.
This account contains a minute and circumftantial detail of Mr. Braun's discovery and experiments rating to the congelation of mercury. Among many other curious particu
lars, we are here informed, that although many Auids will produce artificial cold, the nitrous acid is the most powerful ; that the degree of heat, in which mercury begins to boil, is not at 600 of Fahrenheit's fcale, as is generally imagined ; but at least at 709: that the interval between the greatest contraction to the greatest dilatation of the mercury, consists of 1237 degrees of the said scale ; its volume, and confequently its specific gravity, varying a tenth part. We are told also, that Mr. Braun never was able, by the mixture of snow and spirit of nitre, which froze the mercury, to freeze spirit of wine; whence it appears, says Dr. Watson, that fpirit thermometers are the most fit to determine the degree of coldness in frigorific mixtures, until we are in a situation to construct folid metallic thermometers with sufficient accuracy: 56. An account of an Encrinus, or Star-fish, with a jointed stem,
taken on the coast of Barbadoes; which explains to what kind of animal those fosiles belong, called Star-stones, Afteria, and Afiropodia, which have been found in many parts of this kingdom. By John Ellis, Esq; F.R.S.
This is a curious paper, and is illustrated by two very elegant plates.
Papers relative to AsTRONOMICAL OBSERVATIONS. Art. 5. Extract of a letter from the Albé de la Cuille, of the
Royal Academy of Sciences at Paris, and F. R. S. to William Watson, M. D. F. R. S. recommending to the Rev. Mr. Nevil Maskelyne, F. R. S. to make at St. Helena a series of Obfervations for discovering the Parallax of the Moon. 6. A letter from the Rev. Nevil Maskelyne, to William Watson,
The articles 32 to 48 inclusive, as also 59, 60, 61, 62, and 63, contain
various observations made in different parts of the world, on the late Transit of Venus over the Sun ; with other astronomical observations made on that occasion. OF these, therefore, our Readers will expect of us no farther account.
ANTIQUITIES and Polite Arts. Art. 7. A Dissertation upon a Samnite Denarius, never before published. In a letter from Mr. Swinton, F, R. S.
This inedited silver coin, we are told, is adorned with two Etruscan inscriptions, which very well merit the attention of the learned. It is of the size of the larger consular Denarii, discovers much of the Roman taste, and is in the finest conservation. 10. Extract of a letter from Mr. Robert Mackinlay, to the Earl
of Morton, concerning the late Eruption of Vesuvius, and the discovery of an ancient statue of Venus at Rome.
The eruption of Vesuvius, here cursorily mentioned, is the fame with that above noticed in articles 8 and 9. The statue of Venus is said to be of most exquisite workmanship; full fix feet high; and in the same attitude with the Venus of Medicis : with this difference, that her right hand is extended before her breast, and her left supports a light drapery below. This statue, we are told, was dug up in the Mons Calius, and is now in the possession of the Marquis Carnavallia: 23. Additional observations upon some plates of white glass found
at Herculaneum. In a letter from 3. Nixon, M. A. F. R. S.
These observations are a supplement to a paper on the same subject inserted in the second part of the fiftieth volume of the Transactions. Mr. Nixon, who traces back the antiquity of glass windows to the third century, has here made several judicious critical remarks on what Authors have written on this matter: they are not, however, of a nature to be abstracted.
The medicinal, mathematical, and other articles, will be taken notice of in a future Review,
The Contemplatij?. A Night Piece. By J. Cunningham.
4to. 6d. Payne.
N bestowing our approbation on a former little piece of
Mr. Cunningham's, we remarked some instances of quaintness and affectation, into which we presumed he had fallen by too close an imitation of Mr. Gray's celebrated Elegy. From the perutal of the per ormance before us, however, we cannot help suspecting time habitual quaintness in our Author's manner of thinking and writing in general.
Next to the pleasure we receive from the native efforts of true genius, is that of finding the sentiments and images it
exhibits, attended with an elegant fimplicity of expression : as nothing, however, is more agreeable than such an assemblage, so nothing is more difgusting to a Reader of true taste, than the formality of exhibiting trite and infipid trifles in the affected garb of an insignificant delicacy. There is a wide difference between quaintness and elegance, prettiness and beauty, childishness and fimplicity; we are sorry, therefore, to see a Writer of Mr. Cunningham's talents for poetry, mistake himself fo far in the use of them, as to justify us in saying of his performance, as he does of his subject, Ab quantum eft in rebus inane!
It may be objeéted, however, that we do not fufficiently enter into the Poet's manner, and that
A Critic should peruse a work of wit,
With the same spirit that its Author writ.
Begins her balmy reign;
Her filver-veftcd train.
A filence fo profound !
The cool creation wears !