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firmed to have recovered. The two first had been plunged in sea water, which did not prevent a Hydrophobia. The third and fourth, bit by the mad cow, and the fifth, supposed to have tasted her slaver, were not immerged at all, and had no Hydrophotia. The fixth is not mentioned to have been dipped, nor to have had the great fymptom: and the seventh, who was dipped, and never had the Hydrophobia, is affirmed to have died two years afterwards of a putrid fever, without the least manifestation of any rabious symptom at his death. Some of them were treated with a variety of medicines; but different mercurials, internally and externally, seem to have been chiefly effectual in the cure. In the second case, indeed, a confiderable quantity of opium was used, and seems to have conduced to it. This valuable extension of the use of mere cury was discovered by Default, and revived by Dr. James.
So many successful escapes, however contradicted by a much greater number of fatal consequences from this surprizing poison, affirmed by reputable Writers, may afford some comfort to persons who have received it: and undoubtedly a calm and hopeful state of the mind, must be a circumstance that can neither prevent nor retard the cure. To hazard a prescription or expedient on such an alarming occasion-Suppose the actual cautery, fire, applied immediately on the bite ; or, where the Patient might be too irresolute to submit to it, an active potential cautery, of a moderate size, to be fixed upon, and round the orifice of the bite ; might not a radical cure be reasonably expected from the sudden constriction of all the Aleshy, vascular, and nervous fibres; and from the incirculable, uncommunicating state of the Auids, in the poisoned part? even if we could suppose the poison itself not to be destroyed, nor effectually altered in its pernicious quality, from so powerful an application. As the frequently mortal operation of this vitiated canine saliva seems constantly to commence, at whatever period, with a pain in and near the spot through which it was injected; the early destruction and separation of that, and of its immediately contiguous fibres and Auids, has so rational and promising an aspect, that it seems to be worth essaying at least, in a disease, where the success of many other instruments has certainly been often fallible. But this by the way:
We shall conclude this Article, after observing that our Author is rather a diligent reader, than a very accurate writer, with presenting such practitioners, as may be remote from the best alliftance on such an unhappy occasion, with
the most recent advice and prescriptions of this gentleman, who has laboured so much on the fubje&t.
" The part bitten should immediately be cleaned from the saliva of the mad dog, and the wounds encourag:d to bleed, carefully clearing the blood away; then half a diam of the mercurial ointment, known by the name of unguentum cæruleum fortius, or the stronger blue ointme t, should be rubbed in, and repeated night and inorning, increasing or lesiening the quantity, as it may prove neceflary. Sanguine conftitutions will require bleeding; leucophlegmatic, relaxed, and bilious ones, should be vomited, either with ipecacuanha wine, with or without oxymel of jquills, which will cleanse the stomach and bowels from the puirit bile, and ac.id juliva, that has been di charged into them ; and in the advanced Rage, when liquids begin to p.: ss with difficulty, if it be requilite to er pty the stomach and bowels, after plentiful bleedings, fome giaias of ipecacuanha and white bellebore root may be given in a bolus, made up with the oxymel of squills. These vomits wil be less apt to irritate the primæ via, than either turpith mineral, or any antimonial preparation.
“ Doctor MEAD's fulvis artily345 may then be taken every morning, in warm milk, to procure the urinary discharges, while the mercurial frictions are continued, and if there are inclined to falivate, an emolient ciyfter, or a purge, with manna, cooling salts, and run'ari, may be given. Bhubarb, either in powder, or the syrup, will be b ft adapted io children. Clyfters are recommended, in ail fiages, by Doctor DESAULT, p. ofefior BOERHAAVE, and Doctor MEAD; and are to be composed of such ingredients as the case inay require, whether emollient, or coolers. After the mercurial ointment has been used four or five days, and the patient purged with fome of the aboverncntioned medicines, or, if necessary, with crude nieuzy, divided with turpentine, and mixed with rhubarb, or by miercurius dulcis, well fublim.d, and mixed with rhubarb; then it may be proper, in fome cases, especially where the spasms are frequent, to give the cinnabars, either with or without mujk, as perfumes agree or diligree with the patient : indeed there are instances wherein musk has not been disagreeable to the stomach, although the person could not ufuaily bear the smell of it. The cinnabar powders are to be taken cvery six or eight hours, with a julep of rue watcr, perzyrogal water, tin&ture of caítor, and some common fyrup, or in a glass of arrack alone, or with water.
“ In tender constitutions, antispasmodic and antihyfteric medicines may be used, towards the end of the cure; but nature, in this disease, no more than in any acute disorder, is not to be overcharged with medicines : for, as Doctor MORTON observes, “ an officious overloading seldom goes off unpunished.”. And care must be taken, left, instead of strengthening the nerves, they suffer not by too much irritation.
« Such patients as can, without fear,' be prevailed upon to go into the cold bath, willingly and of themselves, may complete their cure by that immersion; but force, or too earnest persuasion, are cautiously to be avoided.
“The diet to be kept, during the mercurial frictions, which, as hath been said, are to be repeated according to the case, and intirely depended upon, is to be light and nourishing, neither high sealoned, nor acrid : in the worst stages, a moderate quantity of wine may increase the inflammation ; whereas wine may be of use in the beginning, and in a dej.cted state. White meats will suit the stomach beft; and milk
pottage, water gruel, polenta, that is, a decoction of oatbread toasted, and toast and water, may be drank: as likewise an infusion of black currants ftalks and leaves, or baum tea' sweetned with black currant jelly: these two last will better fuit in the infammatory stage.
“So far from confining the patients to their room, or house ; exercise, company, and diversions, are to be encouraged : for the mind being as much affected as the body, the cure will be much forwarded by a proper application to the parfions, avoiding all conversation relating to madness, or mad dogs. Doctor DESAULT relates the success which attended thefe directions which he gave to a lady of Bourdeaux. who, under the course of mercurial fridions, constantly visited her friends, went to concerts, and other public places.
“Thus far the cure is only preventive of the hydrophobia, and designed for the milder progress of the disease, and also when it is complicated with hypochondriac or hyft rical symptoms; but in the confirmed state, when the hydrophobia appears, the actual cure is to be performed by copious and repeated bleedings, cooling clyfters, often administred, of barley water, nitre, honey, and vinegar ; and, after these evacuations, it may be allowable, in case of a considerable Aow of the faliva, to apply a blister round the neck, to take off part of the discharge, as succeeded in Doctor HELE's remarkable observation : this is the only time wherein blisters can be safely
applied. E. applied.-But the medicine chiefly to be depended upon is the mercurial ointment, which is to be rubbed in three times a day, and continued till the symptoms decrease, and the difcharge from the glands of the mouth few it is proper to lesen the quantity of the ointment.”
N. B. To this Gentleman the Public is also obliged for an Essay on the contagious distemper among the Cattle. See Review, Vol. XVII. p. 36.
EMILE; ou de l' Education. Par 7. 7, Rousseau, Citoyen de
... sterdam. 'Imported by the London Booksellers.
this publication abroad, and the severe treatment it hath met with in France, and elsewhere, have already been communicated to the public by means of the News papers! If to these circumstances, therefore, we add the well-known character of the Writer, and the importance of the subject, no one will wonder that so general a curiosity and attention have been excited throughout Europe, in regard to so interesting a performance:
In the plan and conduct of this work, which is calculated for the information of all" ranks and degrees of people, the very ingenious Author supposes himself the Tutor of a young Gentleman, whom he takes the charge of, and conducts from the earliest term of infancy, to the age of manhood. Applicable to the feveral periods of this interval, he gives, very minute and circumstantial directions for a general course of education; illustrating those which particularly segard the male part of our species, by the example of EmiLits, and such as respect the fair sex, by that of SOPHIA an happy marriage being at length designedly effected between these amiable parties': a circumstance which, added to the entertaining conduct of the whole piece, gives this very instructive treatise the air and manner of the most agreeable Romance. Mr. Rousseau has been frequently charged with an unreasonable attachment to peculiarity and paradox; it can hardly be expected, therefore, he should be free from this imputation in his manner of treating so delicate a subject as that of Education. He is able, however, to apologize for himself; and, indeed, were all the exceptionable parts of bis book extracted and thrown aside, there would be a fufficiency of original matter, and striking observation, to enable a dozen ordinary Authors to divide the remainder among them, and figure away on the subject. A more minute and fagacious Observer, perhaps, never existed: his hints and suggestions also, for the improvement of our species, and of cociety, are, in general, extremely acute and ingenious : his views, nevertheless, are frequently too confined, and his arguments sometimes wanting in solidity.
But we shall not proceed to a farther account of this work at present, as we learn, with pleasure, that the Gentlemen who obliged the public with a translation of Eloisa, have an. dertaken also to give a translation of Emilius.
For AUGUST, 1762.
MISCELLANEOUS. Art. 1. The Practice of a Justice of Peace : Containing the Sta
'tutes which give Jurisdiction to that Magistrate. With a greater Variety of Precedents formed upon the Words of the Aets of Parliament, than in any other Book extant. Compiled and published under the Direction of the Right Hon. Lord Ward. By T. Cunningham, Esqi 8vo. 2 vols. 145,
bound. Owen. WE
E have formerly had occasion to commend the labours of those
industrious Compilers, who have taken the pains to reduce the confused mass of Law into a digested form, and to class the scattered materials under their proper heads of division: and we should for these reasons have applauded the Author of these volumes, had not the learned and accurate Mr. Burn foreftalled the subject, and sendered this publication unnecessary. - Mr. Cunningham acquaints his Readers, that “the furnishing Justices of the Peace with a sufficient variety of precedents, formed upon the words of the Acts of Parliament, was the sole motive for compiling the following sheets; so that they may be assured, that no