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largest individuals that are met with in the ticle prepared under his own direction, but orange-coloured flowers of the Castilligen. At chain of the Andes of Quito, are about four. with the proper manner of making use of it. a beight between 14,000 and 15,000 feet, on teen feet from the tip of one wing to that of We do noi know that we can do a better ser the same mountain, above the region of grass. the other, and the smallest only eight. From vice to our southern trade, than by giving es, &c. they found, under a block of porphyry, these dimensions, and from the visual angle these various modes of its preparation, in order many moths, some dead, others alive, which under which this bird sometimes appears per to overcoine a difficulty in the use of it, arising appear to have been carried upwards into this pendicularly above our heads, it may be judged entirely from a general ignorance of the arti snowy region by an ascending current of air. to what a prodigious height it rises when ihe cle in its present form. Our readers will ob- In the same dreary region, a live species of sky is clear. When seen, for example, under serve that we do not arrogate to ourselves the beetle was found, which, from its nature, must an angle of four minutes, it must be at a per- framing of these valuable prescriptions. We be considered a native of this lofty situation, pendicular distance of 6876 feet. The Cave never boiled rice in all our lives : though we of Antisana, situated opposite the mountain of have some little credit for ability in encounter Species of Mussel exclusively employed as Chussulongo, and from which we measured ing it in a different way. But the ladies, to Bait in the New Foundland Cod Fishery. - The the bird soaring, is situated at a height of whom we are specially indebted on more occa utility of the inhabitants of shells (shell-fish) to 12,958 feet above the level of the Pacific sions than one, have graciously informed us mankind is well known. The following fact, Ocean. Thus, the absolute height which the where we have been in fault. For the making as it is connected with an important branch Condor attained, was 20,834 feet, an elevation of rice bread, then, you are required to of commerce, is a further proof of the value of at which the barometer scarcely rises to 12 Boil a pint of rice soft-add a pint of leven, these animals in an economical point of view. inches. It is a somewhat remarkable physio then three quarts of the flour-put it to rise in It was communicated to M. Sander Rang by logical phenomenon, that this bird, which for a tin or earthen vessel until it has risen suffi- Bellanger, the captain of a French frigate, hours continues to fly about in regions where ciently-divide it into three parts—then bake and is inserted in Sang's valuable work on the the air is so rarefied, all at once descends to it as other bread, and you will have three large Mollusca. The captain, endeavouring to asthe edge of the sea, as along the western slope loaves.

certain how it happened that the French cod. of the volcano of Pichincha, and thus in a few To make Journey or Johnny Cake."—To fishers on the banks of Newfoundland were not minutes passes as it were through all the va three spoonsful of soft-boiled rice, add a smali 80 successful as the Americans, discovered rieties of climate. At a height of 20,000 feet, tea cup of water or milk--then add six spoon that it was owing to these latter employing, as the air-cells of the Condor which are filled in fuls of the four, which will make a large jour a bait, the animal of a species of mya (mussel,) the lowest regions, must be inflated in an ex ney cake or six waffles.

which abounds on several parts of the Ameritraordinary manner. Sixty years ago, Ulloa To make Rice Cakes.-Take a pint of soft can coast; and he was the more confirmed in expressed his astonishment at the circum- boiled rice-a half-pint of milk or water, to the truth of this fact, by observing that the stance that the vulture of the Andes could fly which add twelve spoonsfull of the flour-di- French fishers, towards the conclusion of the at a height where the mean pressure of the air vide it into small cakes and bake them in a season, purchased from the Americans the reis only 14 inches. It was then imagined, brisk oven.

maining portions of their bait, in order that from the analogy of experiments made with

To make Wafers.—Take a pint of warm they might the more speedily complete their the pneumatic machine, that no animal could water, a tea-spoonful of salt; add a pint of the cargo. Bellanger, who is well versed in conlive in so rare a medium. I have seen the ba- | flour, and it will give you two dozen wafers. chology, examined this mya very carefully, roineter fall on Chinborazo to 13 inches 11 To make Rice Puffs.-To a pint of the flour and found that it was a species met with abun. 2-10ths lines. My friend, M. Gay Lussac, re. add a tea-spoonful of salt, a pint of boiling dantly on the coasts of the French channel. spired for a quarter of an bour in an atmog. water; beat up four eggs; stir them well to To our readers interested in the kinds of bait phere whose pressure was only Om.3288. At gether, put from two to three spoonsful of fat used in the Newfoundland fishery, we recomheights like these, man in general finds him. in a pan; make it boiling hot and drop amend the perusal of Mr. Cormack's valuable self reduced to a most painful state of debility. spoonful of the mixture into the fat as you do communication, vol. i. of the new series of this In the Condor, on the contrary, the act of res. in making common fritters.

Journal.-Edin. Phi. Jour. piration appears to be performed with equal To make Pap Pudding:-To a quart of milk ease, in mediums where the pressure differs add a pint of the four; boil them to a pap, Oak Trees liable to be Struck by Lightning. from 12 to 30 inches. Of all living beings, it beat up six eggs, to which add six spoonsful of --In Denmark, where there are considerable is without doubt the one that can rise at will Havana sugar and a spoonful of buiter, which tracts covered with oak and beech-trees, it is to the greatest distance from the earth's sur. when well beaten together add them to the milk remarked, that the oaks are struck with lightface. I say, at will, because small insects are and flour; grease the pan in which it is to be ning lwenty times for once the beeches are carried still higher by ascending currents. made, grate nutmeg over the mixture and struck. It is conjectured by some observers, Probably the height which the Condor attains bake it.

that this circumstance is to be traced to the is greater than that which we have found by

After all this is done, the sooner they are forms of the two species of trees. the calculation mentioned above. I reinember eaten the better.-Charleston City Gazette. that on Colopaxi, in the plain of Suniguaicu,

Potato at a great height on the Mountain covered with puinice, and elevated 13,578 feet We have seldom heard a more singular apo Orizaba.-MM. Schieds and Deppe, in a letter above the level of the sea, I perceived that bird logy for setting fire to a building ihan that to Baron A. Humboldt, giving an account of at such a height, that it appeared like a black which was offered by a school-boy, by whose their ascent of the great volcano of Orizaba dot. What is the smallest angle under which agency it appears, the school house in Augus. in Mexico, mention that they found the potato objects weakly lighted are distinguished ? ta, Maine, was lately burnt to the ground. "He in a wild state, at the height of 10,000 feet The diminution which the rays of light under. is represented as a child of " simple wit,” and above the level of the sea. It was about 39 go by passing though the strata of the atmos. the only reason he gave for the incendiary act, inches high, with large blue flowers, and phere, has a great influence upon the minimum was, that he had “had schooling enough this tubers or potatoes the size of a hazel-not. of the angle. The transparency of the air of cold weather.” The house is said to have mountains is so great under the equator, that, been very old, and few would have regretted Method of detecting the Adulteration of Tea. in the province of Quito, as I have elsewhere its destruction if the books of the scholars had -The Chinese frequently mix the leaves of shown, the poncho or white mantle of a per- been saved. But they were all lost with the other shrubs with those of the tea-plant; this son on horseback is distinguishable at a hori. exception of those belonging to two or three fraud is easily discovered by adding to an inzontal distance of 84,032 feet, and consequently boys, including the one mentioned above. His fusion of it a grain and a half of sulphate of under an angle of 13 seconds - Humboldt, Tá statement of the manner in which he lighted iron. If it is true green tea, the solution placed bleaux de la Nature, t. ii. pp. 72–78.

the fire is, that the wood did not burn quick, between the eye and the light assumes a pale

so he piled up the books and set them a blazing, bluish tint; if it is bohea tea, the solution is Rice Flour.-Some notice of the preparation "and," said he," I burnt Bill Pettingill's first, blue, inclining to black, but if it is adalterated, of this article for domestic purposes, was made 'cause he's all the time a plagueing mo."- Bos. it shows all the colours, yellow, greon, and in the daily prints a week or more since. ton Commentator.

black.-Desmarest's Chemie Recreatire. Through tbe polite and friendly attention of colonel Vanderhorst, we have been favoured, Humming.Bird and Insects at a great height

THE LITERARY PORT FOLIO. not only with a specimen of a very superior ar on the Volcano of Orizaba.-Schiede and variety of matter as may make it acceptable to ladies as

It is intended that this journal shall contain such a Deppe, on their ascent of Orizaba, observed, well as to gentlemen; to the young as well as to the old. * Astronomical Observations made by order at a height of 10,000 feet above the sea, the While we shall take care that nothing be admitted which of the King of Spain, p. 109.

would render the work unfit for any of these classes, we Humming Bird (Trochilus) flying round the

shall endeavour to procure for it sufficient ability to en† It is probably one minute. In 1806, a bal.

title it to the attention of all of them. To these ends we loon, which was four fathoms in diameler, was * We have a strange notion that this should have secured an abundant supply of all foreign and doseen with the naked eye at Berlin lo fall at a be neither Johnny nor journey, but Jenny cake.

mestic journals and new books-and we ask the assist.

ance of all who are qualified to instruct or amuse the distance of 40,200 feet. It was then under a We have not the slightest question but that it public. Upon this assistance we depend in a great devisual angle of 24". But it could have been was called so by some rustic lover in compli- gree for our hopes of success, for however the abundant distinguished at a much greater distance, not. ment to bis mistress, who possibly excelled in stores, to which we have access, may enable us to supply withstanding the constitution of our northern the art of preparing it. Let it then, in future, I even more importance to give them something peculiarly atmosphere.

be called Jenny cake; and whoso shall hence- adapted to the present time and circumstances; some In my memoir on the diminution of heat, forth call it by any other masculine appellative, thing from home

wantedto solicit subscriptions for this work, a suitable and on the lower limit of perpetual snow. let him not partako of the delicacy.

person. Apply to E. Littell Brother.

No. 13.

PHILADELPHIA, THURSDAY, APRIL 1,

1830.

Terms.-Published every Thursday by E. Littell & after reflecting and consulting together we delphia, as he needed my services as a friend, Brother, corner of Chestnut and Seventh Streets, Phila have strengthened each other in the hope that in an affair which admitted of no delay. The delphia. It will contain four handsome engravings every this matter may be honourably adjusted; that next evening I arrived here, and learned that year. Price Two Dollars and a Half a year, payable in the character and credit of both parties may a letter signed by five persons of New Bruns. advance.

be equally maintained, and society benefited wick, N. J. had been sent to Wm. Miller, jr. of Agents who procure and forward payment for four subby an illustration of the maxim, “ that it re this city, on the subject of his (Mr. Duryee's) scribers, shall receive the fifth copy for one year; and so quires more courage to acknowledge and alone conduct in the affair between Mr. Griffith and in proportion for a larger number.

for an insult, than shrink from the feeling that R. Dillon Drake.

prompts us to the act." We can confidently As this letter was unauthorized by Mr. Du. The following letters, copied from the daily error, that he is willing to acknowledge he interference on the part of those who signed

advance that Mr. Duryee is convinced of his ryee, and considered by him as an improper papers, explain, so far as we know them, the committed it, while under such excitement as it, the next morning at half past eleven o'clock, causes of the late duel between Mr. William his reason could not control.

I called on William Miller, jr. at his office, and Miller, jr. and Lieutenant Charles G. Hunter.

The spirit of moderation which pervades the demanded of him the letter and all copies of

statement of Mr. Drake, has given to those, it. At first he refused-but I explained to The meeting took place on the borders of De among us, who are not personally acquainted him, that unless he immediately delivered up laware, and Mr. Miller was shnt through the

with him, a high opinion of his character, and the letter and copies, he must meet Mr. Dulungs and died immediately.

we trust that the same spirit will lead to an ryee.--He then said that lie must have time

amicable adjustment of this affair: we would to reflect upon it; to which I replied, that he Our acquaintance with him was very slight, propose that a committee on our part should had already had time enough since the receipt although of several years standing. So far as

meet one composed of the friends of Mr. Drake, of Mr. Duryee's note which was written to we knew his character from our own observa. duced to palliate the aggression which this at Trenton, where other reasons shall be ad- | him on the subject two days before, and that he

must give it up immed'ately. He then contion or the opinions of others, it was unusually form of communication would preclude: should sented to give up the letter, and burn all the amiable and gentle. Of Mr. Hunter we know

this meet the approbation of Mr. Drake and copies in my presence, as soon as he could pronothing but what has lately been made public committee may meet that of Mr. Drake's his friends, please appoint a day on which our cure them. I asked him what time would be

necessary for that purpose. He answered one -and of that we lay aside all the reports which friends.

hour. And upon his promising upon his hotend to aggravate his guilt in this affair, and

We are respectfully, Sir, your most obedient nour, that by that time he would fulfil his en

servants, confine our notice to his own circular, which

gagement, I left him. In one hour's time, he

R. A. De Russy, really did arrive at the United States Hotel, and will be found in the accompanying papers.

MILES C. Smith, handed to me the letter in question, and said Judging from that only, it appears that Mr.

JAMES NEILSON, that if I would call at his office at two o'clock,

HATFIELD Smith, he would burn the copies in my presence. Miller did every thing that he could to satisfy

Digby B. Smith. At the hour appointed I called on him, and the opponent, whose ferocity could not rest To William Miller, jr. Esq.

a copy of the letter, which he declared to me short of his death.

was the only one taken, and the only one

Mr. Miller replied in the following letter: which he believed to be in existence, was deWe are aware that while Christian gentle

Philadelphia, March 9. stroyed by him. I then compelled Mr. Miller ness, and the fear of God are thought unman Gentlemen,-I had the honour of receiving to draw up and sign the following certificate ly, we could say nothing of the wickedness of your letter of the 7th, yesterday afternoon, and " Charles G. Hunter, Esq. such murder, that would have any effect upon

lost no time in laying it before Mr. Drake and Sir, I have this morning destroyed in your

his friends. After careful consideration of the public opinion. Mr. Hunter has however subject, I have the pleasure of submitting to

presence the only copy of a letter received by

mc from five gentlemen, friends of Mr. Duryee fallen far short of the standard of a chivalrous you the following reply.

in New Brunswick, relating to the affairs of

The difference between Mr. Duryee and Mr. gentleman, as settled by the practice of those

that gentleman, which I know or believe to be Drake is looked upon by the latter, as having in existence. You of course understand that I who consider such an appeal to arms necessa been already finally settled, and in a manner

speak of copies taken from the letter received sy. The rudeness with which he carefully entirely satisfactory to himself

.

by me. If I see or hear of any such copies

It is the decided and unanimous opinion of hereafter, I shall have them destroyed. Yours avoids affixing to the name of his opponent the the friends of Mr. Drake, that no stain what.

respectfully,

Wm. Miller, jr. customary mark of respect, is characteristic of ever rests upon the character of that gentle

12th March, 1830. the manner of the whole circular-and is in man, from any circumstance which arose

Wm. Miller, jr. assured me that he had not keeping with the murderous determination during his laté misunderstanding with Mr. Duryee.

shown the letter received by him from New which is the matter of it.

The moderation which you kindly ascribe to Brunswick, to more than two persous—if I re

the conduct of Mr. Drake, has been exercised collect distinctly those persons were Mr. (copr.)

by him through every stage of the affair. lle Carnac and R. D. Drake. If by any accident New Brunswick, March 7th, 1830. has never entertained any feeling of ill will it should be discovered that Wm. Miller, jr. Sir,-We the undersigned, friends to Mr. towards your friend, but has acted throughout did show, or communicate the substance of Charles H. Duryee, of the U. S. Navy, having dispassionately, and solely regarded what was the contents of that letter to any others than been informed of a statement made by your due to his own character.

those above named, he will have an excellent friend, Mr. R. Dillon Drake, of the difficulty Regarding therefore the affair which forms opportunity of displaying his genius, by enexisting between your friend and Mr. Duryee, the subject of your communication as finally deavouring to prove to the world that he has beg to make the following communication. and definitively settled, Mr. Drake and his not been guilty of downright treachery and

We are unwilling to touch upon the unfor friends are unable to discern that any advan-falsehood. tunate subject which has laid the foundation of tage can arise from reopening, and making it Notwithstanding that Wm. Miller, jr. de. this misunderstanding, and beg to take up Mr. a ground of further and new discussion, and clared to me that he had destroyed the only Drake's statement, at that point which is yet though they appreciate your motives for in- copy taken, and the only one which he believed unseliled and which involves Mr. Duryee, and terposition, respectfully decline doing so. As. to be in existence, and although he distinctly that the grounds upon which we are about to suring you, gentlemen, that Mr. Drake, as well understood me to say, that I would hold him act, may be fully known, we are impelled to as myself, feels gratified by the obliging tone accountable to me for any circulation of the state that we disapprove that part of Mr. Du- of your letter to me,

same, on the morning of the 17th inst. to my ryee's conduct which has now become the sub i am, very respectfully, your most obedient great surprise, I saw a printed copy of it. I ject of discussion; nor do we intend to dictate servant, (signed) WM. MILLER, jr. immediately addressed ihe following note to to Mr. Duryce what he shall do, as we deem

To R. A. De Russy, Miles C. Smith,

Wm. Miller, jr. believing, and still believing, that he has now lost the privilege to trace his

Jas. Neilson, Hatfield Smith,

(notwithstanding any thing that William Milown line of conduct, and that it rests with Mr. Drake to point out what step on the part of

Digby B. Smith, Esquires.

ler, jr. may say to the contrary) that he could

havo prevented its circulation, and that its Mr. Duryee shall efface the stain which this Then followed the annexed circular from publication was not without his knowledge or rashness of Mr. Duryee has put upon the cha- Lieut. Hunter.

consent. racter of your friend. Sir,--On the evening of the 10th instant, I

March 17, 1830. We cannot come forward to shield our friend received a letter from Mr. Charles H. Duryee, Sir: After your base and ungentlemanly from the consequences which may occur, but requesting me to come immediately to Phila conduct in suffering a letter to be published

you this.

cess.

which you declared to me was no longer in was any use inade of either by me, nor was it disease was never wholly extinct, and the same existence, I demand of you immediate satis used directly or indirectly, in any manner, to thing had probably been the case for ages befaction. My friend Lieut. Westcott will hand my knowledge. The copy was given up to be fore. How are we to account for these sin

CHARLES G. HUNTER. delivered to you. The first knowledge of any gular visitations but by the supposition that Wm. Miller, jr.

publication of the above letter, which I had, the causes were inherent, or local, always exI had requested Mr. Westcott not to leave was on the 17th, at about two o'clock, P.M. | isting, but only capable of extended action Wm. Miller, jr. until he should have received

when I saw one directed to a friend of mine. | under particularly favourable circumstances, a positive answer to my communication; ac And I further state, that no publication could which are no longer in existence? It is in

have been made from either the original or this view of the subject alone that we can recordingly, while in his office he addressed the following note to Wm. Miller, jr. copy, whilst in my possession.

concile these visitations. The contagionists

Very respectfully, your friend, will tell us that it was imported in a bag of Philadelphia, March 17, 1830.

ALFRED DRAKE. cotton, or a bale of cloth, but common sense To William Miller, jr. Esq. Sir,—You will oblige me by giving a written In justice to my friends and myself I should revolts at such an absurdity; how comes it add that I have made the most anxious and

that for 165 years since, our merchant-ships acceptance or refusal of the communication I had the honour to make you from Charles G. diligent inquiries as to the source whence the have trafficked in the very focus of the most

terrible diseases, in all climes, and have never Hunter, Esq. Respectfully, &c. publication of the letter from New Brunswick

imported any of them? The real truth seems H. Westcott. originated, but hitherto without the least sucYours respectfully,

to be, that such diseases every where exist, He returned in answer as follows:

R. Dillon Drake with favouring circumstances in the mode of Philadelphia, March 17, 1830. Tuesday, Marci 23d.

living, in site, and temperature, to call them Lieut. H. Westcott,

into action, but that they are rendered inert by

the operation of incidental causes, and that one Sir,-Having had no connexion with the publication of the letter alluded to from New

PLAGUE IN LONDON.

of the great annoyances in London has been

one of its greatest benefits. I do not mean by Brunswick, but on the contrary, having been

London was originally built in fens and this that founderies and steam-engines should altogether ignorant of such a publication hav

marshes, the rising grounds near being cover not be made to consume their own smoke, but ing taken place till you infornied me of it this

ed with forests. The Surrey side was a mo that a reasonable quantity of the sulphurous morning, I decline receiving the note from

rass, connected by a slip, inore or less narrow, Mr. Hunter, of which you are the bearer.

annoyanco is a positive benefit, and, combined Yours respectfully,

with that of Woolwich, stretching down to with superior cleanliness, street-draining, and

wards the mouth of the Thames; while the dry floors and roofs, completely excludes the

Wm. Miller, jr. fens of Finsbury were connected with the probability of any future visits from the most During the latter part of the above mention Essex inarshes on the opposite bank. A huge terrible of human calanities. ed interview, R. Dillon Drake made his ap ea-wall, the gigantic labour of an unknown The streets of London formerly excluded a pearance, and handed to William Miller, jr. a era, prevents the marshes from inundation by free circulation of air, unless when high winds manuscript copy of the New Brunswick letter, the Thames; yet of this work, more useful were prevalent. The houses almost met and saying, that it had been in the possession of than the Pyramids, and perhaps as durable, touched at the roofs, each story projecting his brother Dr. Drake. Upon which Mr. Mil. tradition has left no name of the author. Thus over the one beneath it, and all being built of ler observed to Mr. Westcott, “ You see, sir, the site of the modern Babylon was like the wood. Then the streets were so narrow and that I fulfil my promise to Mr. Hunter, and ancient, and particularly liable to fevers, which crooked, that an old writer inquires whether will destroy this copy in your presence."' Mr. in houter climates would have borne a type of they were not built before carts were inventWestcott replied, " I do not care about seeing greater exasperation. The effect of the marshes ed, as wheelbarrows could only be used in it destroyed, as there are printed copies of it is observable at different scaxons in the east them. The houses were totally unlike each in circulation."

ern part at present. The fever approaches other in size and ornament, a hovel standing All that William Miller, jr. may urge in pal. into suburbs nearest the marshes; sometimes next to a palace. In one thing only they agreed liation, will not make mo believe that he could but a few houses breadth in, at others the-namely, their overhanging floors; so that not have recalled the copy from Dr. Drake on length of whole streets, as the atınospheric the people in the garrets could almost shake the same day he destroyed the other, if he had agency is more or less favourable. In like hands across from window to window. The exerted himself in the manner which a gentle manner, in the warmer climates of Rome we stories, or rooms, too, were so low, that a very man should have exerted himself, after the find the marsh nuisance traversing within eer tall man with bis hat on could hardly stand uppledge he had given me to that effect.

tain bounds that can be there moore accurately right. The lower floors of the houses seem to I have no doubt that I will exceedingly gra- defined. Who, then, will say it is not possible have been the bare earth, on which it is proba. tify Wm. Miller, jr. when I conclude by say that marsh-fever, introduced into a crowded, ble the rushes were trodden in, and always in ing, that although I hold him in the utmost filthy, ill-fed population, might not alter its a state of decomposition, while dirt was every contempt as a coward, and know him to be character, and a contagious pestilence arise where observable. In the reign of James the guilty of base falsehood, yet I am, and always from the seeds it may sow, appearing perhaps First, the precincts of the Court were so filthy, will be, ready to meet him, whenever he may in a season when the customary presence of that the ladies who were in the habit of attendthink proper to accept my invitation.

the marsh disease could scarcely be perceived, ing it, complained of bringing away with them Charles G. Hunter. or, in other words, in the season of the year certain insects which are now found only on United States Hotel, March 17, 1830. least favourable to its action.

the backs of the filthiest poor. I mean no disThe first attack of pestilence on the metroTo the Editor of the Morning Journal.

paragement to this most high and mighty polis which I recollect to have read a record prince as a native of a northern country, the Sir,-Observing in your paper of this morning an insertion of Charles G. Hunter's circulfiwasrin 961, and it is described as a fever. inhabitants of which are said not to be famous lar, I feel it my duty to offer an immediate said to have destroyed eight out of ten persons.

for too many ablutions. I believe dirty habits statement of the honourable fidelity with which

to have been prevalent among our city ancesThis pest is farther said to have devastated Eu- | tors, and a distinguishing trait in the characmy much lamented and esteemed friend, Wil

rope, and not to have subsided in this country ler of the good old times." Then there were Jiam Miller, jr. Esq. fulfilled his engagement.

for ten years. In 1407 the metropolis was 'few or no sinks or sewers in the great city; When I returned to Mr. Miller, the copy again visited with a more than common attack which he had given to me, he asked me to as

and every species of filth accumulated in corof mortality, and thousands perished. In 1487 ners, and even in the middle of the streets. certain whether my brother Dr. Drake had any

the pest is called the sweating sickness, and Coal was only partially used as late as 1640; copy, declaring that he had made a promise to said to destroy life in twenty.four hours. By it caused the fashionable inhabitants of the deliver up or destroy every copy which he

many this disease was said to be new, but it is could discover, and would faithfully perform probable it was the old pestilence in a different the city, people on account of their adopting it.

court part of town to let slip many a jeer at it to the utmost extent. In consequence I form. In 1517 it is said again to have made Old Fish street is distinguished, on the authocalled upon Dr. Drake, and received from him

dreadful ravages. From this time tho cityrity of Sir. W. Davenant, for its peculiarities of the only copy which he had, or the existence began greatly io increase. It was nearly hair every kind, and all seemn favourable to the of which he knew. How carefully that copy a century afterwards, in 1564, before the sick. spread of disease, if not to its generation. The had been preserved will appear from the following note from him to Mr. Miller, after the 20,000 persons were carried off by it. It came

ness attacked the city formidably again, and effluvia of the sick in one house could bardly publication of Charles G. Hunter's circular.

escape into the atmosphere without a portion again in 1603. Its violence was greatest be- of it entering into another. Thus the ravages Philadelphia, 20th March, 1830. tween March and December, and it destroyed of the pestilence were more extended than To William Miller, jr. Esq.

30,561 persons, which was a far less number would otherwise have been the case; and Dear Sir,-I have this moment received than in many preceding visitations, in propor: Death doubled the victims which were daily your letter, respecting one addressed to you tion to the increase of population. It is said borne to the gulfs that had been dug to reby R. A. de Russy, Miles C. Smith, James not to have been extinct until 1611. Yet in ceive the festering remains of his victims. Neilson, Hatfield Smith, and Digby B. Smith, 1626 and 1627 it appeared again, and destroyed This recalls to my recollection the localities Esquires, and in reply state, that the original | 35,000 persons in twelve months; and in the noticed for their connexion with these fatal vi. of that letter was in my possession for a very great plague of 1665 no less than one hundred sitations, for some cause or other, but princi. short time, that a copy I inade from it was also thousand persons perished from it.

pally as the scenes where the hurried rite of with me but a few hours; that in no manner It appears evident that from 1603 to 1665 the sepulture was performed by the living with fear

.

and trembling, lest during labour at the com- | quisite that noney could purchase-and cer ed, “ that I can be such an ideot as, for nearly mon grave,

tainly they had cost dearly to the tavern-keep two hours, to have overlooked so obvious an The buried drag the buriers."

ers whom he promised to pay for them. He expedient! Is it possible that I, a man of unThis is by no means partial exaggeration.

was celebrated in the Fives Court: and if he questionable courage, as this very spot can at"One cart,” says a recorder of the great

was unable to lick young Belcher, who, from test, should have been, for an instant, in doubt

constant practice, had the advantage of him; | about the means of escaping from an exposure plague, "going up Shoreditch, was forsaken of the drivers, or being left to one man to

or the boxing coal-heaver, who was his supe- of my cut up-an event I never should have drive, he died in the street, and the horses

rior in weight; he had done all that could be found nerve to encounter! Is it possible that going on overthrew the cart, and lett the bo- required of a gentleman-he had tried. He I, a rational being, should have failed to think dies, some thrown out here, soine there, in a

was the best shot in England. Twice did he of the very thing that would have occurred to dismal manner. Another cart was, it seems,

brush the morning dew from the grass of any ass in London, at the first blush of the af. found in the great pit in Finsbury.fields, the Mary-le-bone Fields in his way to Chalk

Farm; fair!-What! shall I put down my four-in. driver being dead, or having gone and aban

and on both occasions had he the good fortune hand? Shall I send my racers to Tattersall's? doned it, and the horses running too near, the

to kill his man. The first was Major O'Blaze, Shall I break up my snug little establishment cart fell in, and drew the horses in also." The

a scoundrel, as Sir Harry justly termed him, at Kilburn, and confess to my pretty Julia that driver's whip being found among the bodies, it

who had seduced the Baronet's mistress; the it is all up with me? Shall I tell my friends is most natural to suppose he died among them. other, a Mr. Hardacre, a plain country squire, that I can squander no more thousands, for the

reason that I have no more thousands to squanOne must, however admire the dauntless spirit scoundrel for eloping with his wife. Here der? No, no; thank my stars, , have too of the survivors; for dead bodies never renain. ed unburied for want of persons to fulfil the last again had Sir Hariy done all that could be re much courage to submit to that.” It were offices of humanity.

quired of a gentleman. But these were not eedless to state in explicit terms what was his only claims to that title. In a single night the nature of the remedy intended to be em.

he won seventeen thousand pounds of a young ployed by this " rational being," for the many HOW TO CATCH A PANTHER.

Lackbrain, a tyro in those matters, at hazard. ills which this “man of unquestionable cou.

Finding that by selling his commission in the rage" was too courageous to encounter; but, On my recovery, finding that I still persisted in my favourite pursuit, the governor good

dragoons, drawing upon his agent to the having settled the question entirely to his own

utmost farthing in his hands, and pledging his satisfaction, he, upon his way home, suddenly naturedly resolved on gratifying me with the

pictures, his books, and the lease of his cham- put his handkerchief to his cheek, went into spectacle of a panther-hunt. Accompanied bers in Albany, young Lackbrain could raise an apothecary's shop, complained of a racking by his sons, we rode out early in the morning

no more than nine thousand pounds towards tooth-ache, and purchased a phial of laudanum. to an extensive plain, in the centre of which

the amount of his loss; he generously, with Courage and Rationality! How differently was a jungle; into this the Vaqueiros had suc. ceeded in driving, on the previous night, a

respect to the remaining sum, declared that may the qualities implied by these terms be

as he should hold it unbecoming a friend and a understood! Had Sir Harry presumed to rush large panther, preparatory to the morning's sport. "We took our station on an eminence gentleman to press for its immediate payment, uninvited into the presence of the Prince Re.

Mr. Lackbrain might set his mind perfectly at gent, his courage would have been stigmatized which commanded a view of the entire field.

ease about it, upon signing a bond, for princi as daring and reckless impudence, his ratiopaThe loud barking of the dogs, the wild cries pal and interest, to be payable in twelve-nay, lity as sheer insanity, But Sir Harry would of the huntsmen as they galloped round the

even fifteen months. Sir Harry began life not have done that: he was too well-bred a skirts of the jungle cheering on the dogs, with a fortune of eighteen thousand a-year. man: his consciousness of the respect due formed an animated scene. Aroused in his

Having somewhat of a turn for arithmetic, he from a subject to his prince; his deference to lair, the panther, furious with rage, sprang at once perceived that it would be imprudent the forms of civilized society; nay, the very forth to meet its enemies.

The Vaqueiro to spend more than twenty-thousand, and wise consideration of what was due from man even nearest to the point from which he had issued

ly resolved to limit his expenditure .by that unto man, would have warned him of the im. now advanced to the attack. He exhibited a

sum, or twenty-five at the utmost. Bút cir. propriety of committing so gross an outrago as beautiful sight, whirling in the air his lasso, cumstances, which might have baffled the that! This is a more passing remark, which, and urging forward with the spur the spirited little steed on which he was mounted, whose

wisest calculations, so ordered it, that thirty as it is not necessarily connected with the subdilated nostrils, fiery eyeball, and erect mane,

was usually much nearer the mark; and how. ject, the reader may consider, or not, at his

ever extraordinary it may appear to persons discretion. proclaimed his instinctive dread of the enemy

unaccustomed to investigate such malters, the Upon reaching home, Sir Harry gave strict in his front. The panther crouched in the act

consequence of these continued discrepancies charge to Laurent, his valet, not to come to to spring on his advancing foe, but he was forestalled by the well-skilled assailant, who, at

between the income and the outgoing, was, him till he heard his bell, nor to allow any one

that one fine sun-shiny morning his debts were to interrupt him. He then went into his dress. the distance of twenty yards, threw his lasso found to amount to 162,3571. 1ės. 9jd.-a very ing-room, where he passed nearly two hours with unerring aim. Scarcely had it left his hand before the well-trained horse wheeled

complicated and ugly-looking row of figures in writing letters. round and flew across the plain, dragging after

whilst his assets were gracefully pictured forth He drew the phial from his pocket!!

by that simple and elegantly-formed symbol The ruling passion strong in death," he him the already disabled panther; for with

(0) representing NOUGHT. To use bis own such beautiful precision had the lasso been emphatic phrase, Sir Harry Highflyer found

held it up to the light; and muttering “ Bright

as a ruby—a cursed bore though, for all that," thrown, that the fore-paw of the animal was fairly strapped to its neck. The whole party

himself “most magnanimously dished.” It he twisted out the cork, put tho poison to his now dashed forward to be in at the death. The

was towards the close of the London season of lips, and there was a tap at ihe dressing.room

1817, that he made this wonderful discovery. door. Vaqueiro, slackening his pace, gradually short

What was to be done? He could not at the " Who the devil's that? Did'nt I give poened the length of the cord till he brought his

moment determine. Free air and solitude sitive orders that no one should dislurb me?" enemy within a few yards of him, and then, in

were necessary to put his mind into a fit state “Beg you pardon, Sare, but it grow late; less time than I can narrate it, I saw him leap for reflection so, calling for his hat and you remember Milord Dashmore dine wiz you, from bis saddle, his broad knife gleam in the gloves, he sallied forth, and avoiding dear and you not tell me how many I will order morning sunbeam, and with the rapidity of Bond-street, and all the more frequented ave.

dinner for." lightning leaving the cloud, it was buried in the heart of the panther. I was highly de

nues, he crossed St. Alban's-street, sidled This reminded him that he had invited Lord lighted with this noble and manly sport, which

through St. James's Market, felt his way along Dashmore and a party of friends to dinner for

a dirty, dingy defile, called Swallow-street, and that very day. “They'll look upon it as a required at once wonderful dexterity and uncommon self-possession. after passing through sundry dark passages on

sneaking piece of business," thought he," if I the north of Oxford-street, he, at length, found leave them in the lurch in this way: a few

himself in the Mary-le-bone fields. There he hours later will make no difference, and I SIR HARRY HIGHFLYER:

sauntered about for some time, but to no pur shan't be in worse condition for my journey,

pose: one-hundred-and-two thousand and odd for a dozen bumpers of claret." Then added, A Suicide's Last Carouse.

pounds, shilling, and pence, were not to be aloud, to Laurent, “ Order for twelve, and arWho was better known about town, or who picked up in the Mary-le-bone fields; and what terwards come and help me to dress.". knew the town better, than Sir Harry High- else under Heaven could set him afloat again! « Mr. Maxwell is here, Sare; shall you see flyer? He was, as the phrase is, in every The more he thought, the more desperate did him?" thing, and the best man at every thing-su- his position appear to him. But there is an “ Maxwell!” thought Sir Harry; preme in each pursuit that had fashion for its old French proverb that tells us that d force whimsy has brought him here! I thought. I sanction. He was a member of the Four-in de chercher l'on troure; and so it happened to had given him a surfeit of me, at his last visit, hand-Club; and it was universally admitted Sir Harry: for by dint of thinking and walk a twelvemonth ago. Beg Mr. Maxwell to that no gentleman could drive his own coach- ing, and walking and thinking, he all at once

walk up." man to Salt Bill in better style. He was the found himself on the identical spot where he Mr. Maxwell was the son of a clergyman best dresser in London; and ruined three had killed his friends Hardacre and Major who died of a very odd complaint--a broken tailors by the disinterested readiness with which O'Blaze. Here, by that fine operation of the heart for the loss of his wife-leaving this son he exhibited their choicest productions on his mind, called the association of ideas, an easy an orphan at the age of two years. As this is own well-formed person. His dinners were and certain mode of arranging his affairs oc an age at which a young gentleman is not the most récherchés, his wines the most ex: curred to him. “Is it possible!” he exclaim- / vory well qualified to take care of himself, the

I what

BY MRS. JEWSBURY.

late Baronel, Sir Harry's father, thought that that, considering the terms on which they had than to live. Again: untempted affluence he might do it much belter for him; and, act stood for some time past, all this was very may enlarge on the dignity of our nature; it ing upon this suggestion, took him into his strange.

is only when living in the depths and drinking own house. Little Master Maxwell and the By the time Laurent had sinished dressing of the dregs of poverty, that we know the un. Baronet's son being of nearly the same age, they his master, Maxwell's servant arrived; and imaginable evils bound up in the human heart; were instructed by the same masters, sent at Sir Harry descended to the drawing-room to -the meanness, the grossness, the pride, the the same time to Westminster, and, afterwards, receive his guests, leaving his friend to per: hate, the envy, and the cruelty, that; like ser. entered at the same college at Cambridge. form the duties of the toilette.

pents in a nest, lie hushed and still when fed, Upon their return from College, Sir Robert " Another pin, Ward," said Maxwell to his but writhe, and sting, and hiss, when aroused Highflyer gave young Maxwell the choice of servant. “Plague on the inventor of this tie! by the fury of want! My Last Night's Dream! a profession; but as the young gentleman en. it requires as many pins as the frock of a Had one told me, years ago, when presiding as tertained an unbounded dislike of law, physic, boarding-school romp." But Ward having ex master over an elegant, nay, a sumptuous and divinity, the army, and the navy, it seemed hausted all the pins in Sir Harry's cushion, his mansion, a centre to devoted and gifted a matter of some difficulty how to provide for master opened first one drawer and then ano. friends; playing the good Samaritan abroad, him.

ther, till coming to that in which the Baronet and the good centurion among my dependants “ 'Tis a lucky thing for you, Tom," said Sir had deposited the letters, he was astonished at at home; had one told me then, that avarice Robert, "that I have the command of four perceiving that the letter on the top of the pile would ever so seize upon my vitals, that even votes, and can, therefore, obtain from minis was addressed to Lord Dashmore, who was to in my sleep my dreams should be of sins comters any thing in reason I choose to ask.” be of the party that very afternoon, and the mitted for gold, of scenes that the love of

Now, although I am certain these were the next beneath to himself! In addition to these lucre has desolated like a plague; that I,-in very words used by Sir Robert, I never, for were letters addressed to his agent, to his soli- my prosperity, the gentle, the kind, the lov. the soul of me, could understand what he citor, and to bis aunt, Lady Mary whom ing, -should be fitted, by my waking thoughts, meant by having the command of four votes; he had offended beyond all hope of pardon. to become an actor in those dreams! Why, still less, by the most industrious application “ This is very strange!" He continued his what a whited sepulchre is man! I dreamt, of my reasoning faculties, could I ever per search. “Good God! -Ward- I have no far. then, but it was not one continuous and unceive the remotest connexion between such a ther occasion for you: you may go.-Unless I broken vision, but a dream of episodes, con. possession, and a certain degree of influence am at home by one, you needn't -yes-you nected only by the spirit that reigned throughwith ministers, which he considered as its ob- l had better be in waiting for me that's all. out, and ihe person who appeared in every vious and natural consequence. However, -Stay-call a backney.coach immediately- scene. such was his expression.

don't bring it to the door, but wait with it at And at first I seemed removed to another Young Maxwell's inclinations tending to the corner of the street."

world, far different and far distant from any wards politics, a valuable appointment in the

(To be continued.)

couniry I had ever seen. Towns and villages office of the for the department, was

there were; and glittering under a brighter procured for him, with an understanding that,

MY LAST NIGHT'S DREAM.

sun, and skies more intensely beautiful, than at the first convenient opportunity, he should

ours; but they were not like the buildings of have a seat in Parliament. Shortly after this, “ Money brings honour, friends, conquest, and realms."

northern climes and matured civilization; they Sir Robert died; and his son succeeded to the

Paradise Regained. rather resembled the shining structures called title and estates.

“ The love of money is the root of all evil."-St. Paul. up by an enchanter's wand, to be inhabited by Between the latter and Maxwell as close a I HAVE wealth, and I have learned to loathe a soft and indolent people, prone to simple friendship had always existed as could exist life; I am young, and I have envied age and pleasures, and acquainted only with inartificial between two persons whose habits and occupa- decrepitude; I have wife and child, yet my pursuits. The character of the surrounding tions were diametrically opposed; and Max. eye and heart are evil towards them: think country was also different from any I had prewell, presuming, perhaps, too far upon this, me neither fiend nor madman-I am only viously beheld. The earth teemed with vege(and entertaining, as he did, a stupid notion POOR. To many that word conveys little no tation, even to luxuriant wildness; fruits and that he could not better evince his gratitude tion of wretchedness and degradation. Sages flowers, the jewelry of nature, met the eye to the patron to whom he owed every thing, and moralists ofttimes, in their speeches, as and solicited the hand in the most splendid vathan by endeavouring, to the utmost of his sociate poverty and cheerfulness; poverty and rieties of form and colour; fragrance exhaled power, to save his son

from ruin,) would some content: but sages and moralists lie. When I from magnificent and unknown trees; and times take the liberty to inake it too evident was rich (once I was so) I talked lightly too; birds, beautiful as winged blossoms, darted to Sir Harry that the system of extravagance I did not love money then, for I boasted and through the air or fluttered amongst the he pursued must inevitably lead to the utter believed that I esteemed my fellows for their branches. The land had remained the paradestruction of his fortune. The result of one own sakes, and was by them esteemed for dise it was, but its mountains and rivers conof these remonstrances was an intimation from mine. I thought that happiness was inde tained gold, and the Spaniard sought it. Then Sir Harry, that unless Mr. Maxwell could find pendent of circumstances; that affection, re the native song was no longer heard at night. more amusing topics for conversation, his ab- finement, and fame, depended solely on quali. fall; the flowers that once enwreathed the cotsence from

Street would be particularly ties, and were never affected by the accidents tage were trodden down; the maize grounds desirable; and Mr. Maxwell not being able to of condition : and herein I thought as a fool. lay desolate; the once pleasant and prolonged comply with the first condition, he very coolly There came a time when I was made to think repast was snatched in haste and silence; availed himself of the other. The Baronet's differently; and it came suddenly: My wealth, there was heard a sound of groans, execraastonishment at the present visit is thus ac that I deemed a rock, proved to be a mound of tions, and the clank of fetters, instead of mecounted for.

earth overhanging a precipice; it tottered, lody and the voice of content; and the Indiars “ Ha! Tom, how do? devilish glad to see crumbled, fell. Since then the lust of gold were bowed down, body, soul, and spirit, to layou,” said Sir Harry, holding out one hand, has taken possession of my soul; for now I bour, and servitude, and sorrow. I saw one, a and with the other depositing the little phial know its worth. I know now the power that young Cacique, bolder in heart than his breof laudanum, together with the letters he had will move the human spirit to deeds the vilest, ihren; he fled with the remnant of his tribe to written, in a drawer of his dressing-table; and deeds in their effects the most splendid. a fastness among the mountains, and there, devilish glad, 'pon my soul I am; but no I know now the principle that exerts over hu. for some time, remained in safety, except for preaching, Tom."

man destiny the influence that fable attributed remembrance, happy. But one day the Spa. "No, no; my preaching days are over.” to ihe planets. I perceive now the super-emi- niard stole upon him when he was separated

“ So much the better; and I'm glad to find nent worth of that which, when possessed, I from his people. Ancoana, for so he called his that, in that respect at least, I have succeeded considered merely useful. I perceive that, beautiful bride, was sleeping beside him; and in reforming you, whatever may have been without it, every blessing is, in some sense, he leaned over her, shading her s!umbers from your success in "

He suddenly stopped- cursed. That which you love must bow to the noontide sun, with flowers and branches walked towards the window-returned--and | labour; that which is lovely may be bought plucked from the forest trees. He had decontinued.---- No matter-Stay and dine and sold for destruction; genius, that vanity spoiled himself of all his ornaments since comwith me; you will meet Dashmore, and Leslie, terms the lord, necessity makes the hireling of pelled to be a fugitive, yet, true to that imand Colonel D. and-in short, all friends Mammon; refinement" is the child, not of pulse of the heart, which longs to adora what. of yours.".

drudgery, but of leisure; and the hunger soever it loves, Ancoana was still adorned as To tell you the truth, Highflyer, I came after fame is turned, by poverty, into the hun. if his fortune was still at its height. But the for the purpose of billeting myself upon you. ger after bread. If you are old and rich, you Spaniard found them, one sleeping, and both I met Leslie this morning, who told me of may wrap your palsied limbs in the furs of secure. He was a Hidalgos who led the way; your party. And (here he made an on emperors; if learned and rich, purchase the li a man, when amongst his own countrymen, accountable pause, )—"But since I ain here, braries of nations; if a lover and rich, you may jealous of his honour and proud of bis integriwill you allow me to send a message to my deck your mistress in the spoils of the east, iy; but the land of the Cacique yielded gold, servant to bring my things here to dress and worship with more than words; if a "and the gold of that land was good." He "Twill save me the trouble of going home." friend, you may imitate the bounty of nature; stripped Ancoana of her ornaments ; I saw his

" Ay, to be sure; Laurent will be here pre if a philanthropist, the benignity of God. eye sparkle as he tore them rudely from her sently, and he shall send somebody to him?" | The poor and old; learned and poor; a lover person ; and when he found that the pearls

Had Sir Harry been in a state of mind to and poor; a friend and philanthropist, yet which adorned her hair were strung upon the think to any purpose, he would have though: poor -turn aside and die; it is less painful braids, be shred the long dark locks from her

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