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No. 8.

PHILADELPHIA, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 25,

1830.

Terms.-Published every Thursday by E. Littell & child, gardens where no tiny foot-mark re require you to prove every thing you assert, Brother, corner of Chestnut and Seventh Streets, Phila minds him of his treasures at home. He has and are always on the watch to detect you in delphia. It will contain four handsome engravings every listened to his heart, and learned from it a a verbal inaccuracy, or a slight mistake in a year. Price Two Dollars and a Half a year, payable in precious secret; he knows how to convert date. Indeed, it is not a little annoying, when advance.

noise into harmony, expense into self-gratifi- you are whiling away the time before dinner

cation, and trouble into amusement; and he in that irritable state which precedes an EngAgents who procure and forward payment for four sub

reaps, in one day's intercourse with his family, lishman's afternoon meal, tired perhaps by bu. scribers, shall receive the fifth copy for one year; and so

a harvest of love and enjoyment rich enough siness or study, and wishing for a few mi. in proportion for a larger number.

to repay years of toil and care. He listens nutes' relaxation preparatory 4o the important

eagerly on his threshold for the boisterous tasks of repletion and digestion, to find your CHILDHOOD.

greeting he is sure to receive, feels refreshed attempts at playfulness and trifling baffled in

by the mere pattering sound of the darlings' all directions. Turning from the gentlemen, “Oh Life! how pleasant is thy morning."-Rogers.

feet as they hurry to receive his kiss, and to avoid the Funds or the Catholic Question, CAILDREN are but little people, yet they cures by a noisy game at romps the weariness free trade, or the balance of power ; driven form a very important part of society, expend and head-ache which he gained in his inter from your refuge among the ladies by phrenomuch of our capital, have considerable influ course with men.

logy, or the lectures at the Royal Institution, ence on the corn-laws, employ a great portion But it is not only to their parents and near you fly to a group of children, in hopes of a of our population in their service, and occupy connexions that children are interesting and game at play, or an interchange of nonsense, half the literati of our day in labours for their delightful; they are general favourites, and and find yourself beset by critics and exaniinstruction and amusement. They cause more their caresses are slighted by none but the ners, required to attend to Lindley Murray's trouble and anxiety than the national debt, the strange, the affected, or the morose. I have, rules, to brush up your geographical and chroloveliest of women in her maturity of charms indeed, heard a fine lady declare that she pre- nological knowledge; and, instead of a demand breaks not so many slumbers, nor occasions so ferred a puppy or a kitten to a child, and I upon your imagination for a story, or your foot many sighs as she did in her cradle; and the wondered she had not sense enough to conceal for a ride, you are called upon to give an achandsomest of men with full grown musta her want of womanly feeling; and I know count of the Copernican system or the Peloponchios and Stultz for his tailor, must not flatter another fair simpleton who considers it beneath nesian war. bimself that he is half so much admired as he her to notice those from whom no intellectual But notwithstanding the infinite pains taken was when in petticoats. Without any refer improvement can be derived, forgetting that lo spoil Nature's lovely works, there is a prinence to their being our future statesmen, phi we have hearts to cultivate as well as heads; ciple of resistance in the goddess which allosophers and magistrates in miniature dis- but these are extraordinary exceptions to ge- | lows of only partial success, and numbers of guise, children form, in their present state of neral rules, as uncommon and disgusting as a sweet children exist to delight, and soothe, pigmy existence, a most influential class of beard on a lady's chin, or a pipe in her mouth. and divert us, when we are wearied or fretted beings; and the arrival of a mewling infant Even men may condescend to sport with chil. by grown-up people, and to justify all that has who can scarcely open its eyes, and only opens dren without fear of contempt; and for those been said or written of the charms of childits mouth, like an unfledged bird, for food, will who like to shelter themselves under authority, hood. Perhaps only women, their natural effect the most extraordinary alteration in a and cannot venture to be wise and happy their nurses and faithful protectresses, can thowhole household; substitute affection for cold- own way, we have plenty of splendid exam. roughly appreciate the attractions of the first Dess, duty for dissipation, cheerfulness for gra- ples, ancient and modern, living and dead, to few months of human existence :-the recumvity, bustle for formality; unite hearts which adduce, which may sanction a love for these bent position, the fragile limbs, the lethargic time had divided, soften feelings which the pigmy playthings. Statesmen have romped tastes, and ungrateful indifference to notice of world had hardened; teach women of fashion with them, orators told them stories, conquer a very young infant, render it uninteresting to to criticise pap, and grave metaphysicians to ors submitted to their blows, judges, divines, most gentlemen, except its father, and he is crawl on all fours.

and philosophers listened to their prattle, and generally afraid to touch it, for fear of breakSelfishness is so decidedly the most beset. joined in their sports.

ing its neck. But even in this state, mothers, ting and most prejudicial of the faults of man Spoiled children, are, however, excepted grandmothers, aunts, and nurses, assure you kind, that the mere circumstance of caring from this partiality; every one joins in visit that strong indications of sense, and genius earnestly for another appears to make a rapid | ing the faults of others upon their heads, and may be discerned in the little animal; and I and favourable improvement of character. hating these unfortunate victims of their pa have known a clatter of surprise and joy exThat other indeed, is more than half our. rents' folly. They must be bribed to good be cited through a whole family, matter afforded selves; pride, instinct and custom, unite to haviour, like many of their elders; they insist for twenty long letters, and innumerable ani. enforce its claims, but still it is not the identi. upon fingering your watch, and spoiling what mated conversations, by some marvellous decal ego about which loo many of us are so ex they do not understand; like numbers of the monstration of intellect in a creature in longclusively interested, and he must be incorri: patrons of literature and the arts, they will clothes, who cannot hold its head straighi. gibly unamiable who is not a little improved sometimes cry for the moon as absurdly, as But however this may be, for it is dangerous by becoming a father. Some there are, how. Alexander for more worlds, and when they to pronounce judgment in a case I have not ever, who know not how to appreciate the are angry, they have as little mercy for cups investigated, and in which all womankind blessings with which Providence has filled and saucers as Bonaparte for Cobentzel's china would be my opponents, as soon as the baby their quiver; who receive with coldness a son's vase. They are as unreasonable, impatient, has acquired firmness and liveliness, as soon as greeting or a daughter's kiss; who have prin selfish, exacting, and whimsical as grown-up it smiles at a familiar face and stares at a ciple enough properly to feed, and clothe, and men and women, and only want the varnish of strange one, as soon as it employs its hands educate their children, to labour for their sup-politeness and mask of hypocrisy to complete and eyes in constant expeditions of discovery, port and provision, but possess not the affec- the likeness; in short, they display to all their and crows and leaps from the excess of animal tion which turns duty into delight; who are acquaintance those faults of character which contentment, it becomes an object of indefinasurrounded with blossoms, but know not the their wiser elders show only to their family ble and powerful interest, to which all the art of extracting their exquisite sweets. How and dependents.

sympathies of our nature attach us, an object different is the effect of true parental love, Another description of children, deservedly at once of curiosity and tenderness, interesting where nature, duty, babit, and feeling com unpopular, is the over-educated and super-ex. as it is in its helplessness and innocence, doubine to constitute an affection the purest, the cellent, who despise dolls and drums, ready bly interesting from its prospects and destiny; deepest, and the strongest, the most enduring, only for instruction, have no wish for a holi- interesting to a philosopher, doubly interesting the least exacting of any of which the human day, no fancy for a fairy tale. They are the to a Christian. Who has not occasionally, heart is capable? The selfish bachelor may representatives of the old-fashioned, extinct when fondling an infant, felt oppressed by the shudder when he thinks of the consequences of class, who used to blunder through Norval's weight of mystery which hangs over its fate! a family; be may picture to himself littered speech or Satan's address to the Sun, but far When we send an inquiring glance into the rooms and injured furniture, imagine the noise more perseveringly tiresome, more uninter- destiny of men, we have certain data of chaand confusion, the expense and the cares, from mittingly dull than their predecessors. The racter, principles, and tastes to guide us; wo which he is luckily free, hug himself in his so latter excited your compassion by bearing the may venture to say, “let Fortune do her litude, and pity his unfortunate neighbour, manner of victims, and when their task was worst, she cannot render our friend vicious, who has half-a-dozen squalling children to tor: over, were ready for a ride upon your foot, a or cruel, or dishonourable;" but no such assisment and impoverish him. The unfortunate noisy game at play, or a story about an ogress; tance is given us when we gaze on the imperneighbour, however, returns the compliment but the modern class appear to have a natu vious curtain which hides the eternal as well with interest, sighs over the loneliness of the ral taste for pedantry and precision; their wis as temporal lot of a child. Perhaps we hold wealthy bachelor, and can never see without dom never indulges in a nap, at least before in our arms an angel, kept but for a few feelings of regret rooms where no stray play. company; they have learned the Pestalozzi months from the heaven in which it is to thing lolls of the occasional presence of a system, and weary you with questions; they spend the rest of an immortal existence; per

haps we see the germ of all that is hideous and was occasioned by the recollection of some in- ting it to his mouth the better to distinguish hateful in our nature. Thus looked and thus | stances in which knowledge by touch would, it, he found was a lump of salt, and, oversported, thus calmly slumbered and sweetly at least, be attended with formidable difficul whelmed in consequence by the thought of smiled, the monsters of our race in their days ties ;-such, for example, as a general's know. sacrilege, he fled, leaving behind his accumuof infancy. Where are the marks to distin. ledge of the dispositions of an army of 30,000 lated treasure. On this ground, then, I might guish a Nero from a Trajan, an Abel from a men, or a traveller's of an extensive and' va claim the honours of higher virtue than that Cain? But it is not in this spirit that it is ried landscape, or an artist's who wished to to which the learned gentleman, Mr. Odour, either wise or happy to contemplate in any exhibit the proportions of an immense pile of has aspired. thing; better is it when we belold the energy rock, or a magnificent edifice-to discover But, Sir, permit me, though still addressing and animation of young children, their warm these things by touch appears to me to savour you, from this excursion in the desert to reaffections, their ready, unsuspicious confidence, of the marvellous no less than the ludicrous. turn home, and to contend that the pleasures their wild, unwearied glee, their mirth so easi. Mr. Contact. The learned gentleman need of taste must always be associated with domesly excited, their love so easily won, to enjoy not, I am persuaded, be apprized that what is tic enjoyments. What would they be, I ask, unrestrained the pleasantness of life's morn. true may be marvellous and ludicrous; but, if instead of meeting three or four times a-day ing; that morning so bright and joyous, which whatever be the impression produced on his at the social meal, each of us, after the fashion seems to "justify the ways of God to men,” mind, I repeat it as a truth, unaffected by the of a distinguished individual, were to affirai and to teach us that Nature intended us to be cases he has cited, that touch is the great that he “sat all round a table by himself?" happy, and usually gains her end till we are source of satisfactory intelligence.

To look for happiness on this plan would be old enough to discover how we may defeat it. That this may be evident, be it remembered, like expecting the charms of Raphael without (To be continued.)

that all the images painted on the retina are the picture-of Milton without the poem--of inverted, and consequently that it is by touch Weber without the music; and, were it adopt

correcting the error of vision that we are kept | ed in my dwelling, I confess I should be most THE SENSES.

from imagining the world turned upside down at home when I was out. With this I might

- that wherever vision, obstructed from in(Concluded from page 50.)

contrast the delights of domestic and social fancy, has been acquired in mature life, as the intercourse—the joy of the parent who beMr. "Zcst was next about to address the as result of a surgical operation, the actual mag- holds around his iable an unbroken circle of sembly, when Mr. Common Sense reminded nitude, figure, and position of bodies have to be affection-and the gratification of the friend him that Mr. Contact had, by lot, the prece- learned like a new language; so that it is not who receives at his hospitable board those lo dence, an order, he remarked, accordant with | by seeing, but by feeling, that a cube is dis whom he cherishes the kindest attachinentthat of nature, since we must touch before we tinguishable from a sphere;-in a word, we but to mention them is enough in such an ascasto. Mr. Zest, apologizing for an uninten learn to see, the indispensable auxiliary to sembly as this. tional violation of the rule laid down, took his this acquisition being the sense of touch, to The learned gentleman, Mr. Odour, referBeat, observing, that he could, were it deco. wbose tuition in early life we are laid under red to the aid afforded by his client to the rous, combat the assertion, as taste must fol- the highest abligations through every part of powers of vision; but every sense is indebted low touch without any possible intervention; our subsequent career.

to mine: only let it be disregarded, and each indeed, he said, their course appeared to him Indeed, to this power we owe our freedom of them must fail; the eyes will be closed 10 parallel, but he intended to be first last, though from one of the grossest delusions that ever scenes of beauty, and the ears to melodious he might be behind before. At the close of attempted to shackle the human mind-] sounds; and though the world were bereft of his reply, Mr. Contact thus proceeded : mean the system of idealism, of which Pyrrho odoriferous leaves and opening blossoms, or Perfectly willing should I have been, Mr. was the great founder; which not only ob

were even to become ideal, no consciousness President, to yield to the learned gentleman tained a place in the metaphysics of Hindos of the change would be possessed. To avert who is to follow me, or to take any place in tan, but in England and France, aided by the such a crisis, to compensate the daily waste of the arrangements of this day; satisfied, as I sophistries of Malebranche and Berkeley. But

the body, and to preserve that health and vi. am, that I shall be able to adduce irrefragable for this, Sir, I must have imagined myself a gour, without which a frail and feverish existarguments, though they may be offered to you onentity, and every object around me as hav.

ence would be of comparatively little value, in that simpler and graver style, which, I am ing at best a problematical existenco; and, provision has been made in the demands of aphappy to say, generally obtains, to the exclu when I consider that the sense of touch has petite, which furnishes a better guide than sion of every other, in those judicial courts to averted these degrading and sceptical visions, reason itself, since the voice of that noble fa. which I have been long accustomed to give and given to myself and to all natural objects culty would often be disregarded, while that of my attendance.

With unimpeachable pro a conscious reality; and, in fine, that it is the appetite compels attention. Yes, Sir, by this priety, doubtless, I might reply to statements power first put forth, and that which fails last,

means death and disease are kept at bay, made by the learned gentleman who has just I am powerfully impelled to require the ac “ Between satiety on one side, and want on taken his seat; and, were I to do so, I should knowledgment of its precedence.

the other, the stream of health flows tranquil. dwell, notwithstanding his impassioned pero Mr. Zest. Allow me to congratulate you, ly along; which, but for these boundaries, ration, on the fact that he has exaggerated Sir, as our respected president, on the har. would speedily waste itself and disappear; as inost unduly the claims of his client. For mony of feeling and intention which marks the most magnificent river, which, if dispersed how, I ask, does the sense of smell originate the present discussion; in other cases only over a boundless plain, would flow almost into but by the odoriferous particles of bodies one can have precedence, but in this we are nothing, owes its abundance and majestic beautouching certain nerves with which the hu- all resolved to be first. No sooner had Mr. ly to the very banks which seem to confine its man system is endowed? Without such con Optic opened his lips than it was evident“he waters within too narrow a channel." While tact, there can be no sense of fragrance; to

had eye" to this distinction; to secure it then I gaze, as I do at this moment, on whatsmell, is therefore, passive instead of active; it Mr. Odour cares not for the suffrages of “the ever is venerable in years and attractive in it implies touching-it is, in fact, the conse noes;” Mr. Contact feels a mortal repugnance | loveliness, I feel that I have only to make an quence of being touched. Besides, supposing to suppose it ideal; while, if it leave ine, it appeal to gratitude for my client to triumph. ii otherwise, the sense of smell would be a non will be obviously tasteless and insipid. In At the close of this address, Mr. Auricle thus entity without the exercise of other powers. this Cabinet, then, there are four premiers; proceeded:- In allusion, Mr. Chairman, to my Had we been endowed with it, apart from for it is not likely that my friend, Mr. Auricle, | facetious friend's opening remarks on preceother senses, our sensations would have been will claim to be a fifth. Disposed as his client dence, I will only observe, that the intellectual simple feelings of pleasure or pain, which we is to take both sides, he is always behind ; aná pleasures of this day must be traced to that should have as little ascribed to an external will, I am persuaded, listen to no proposition power of which I now stand forth the honoured cause, as any of our spontaneous feelings of to advance, aware, doubtless, that he could advocate. For the deaf eloquence, whether joy and sorrow; and even now, after a con gain no countenance if he did.

rushing on the heart with a cataract's force, nexion has been formed between certain Adverting, however, to the merits of that

or falling upon it softly as tbe snow of heaven, odours and certain objects, we invariably refer power of which I am the humble advocate, I can have no charms. On them, the mightiest to a previous acquaintance, obtained from inight expatiate at length on the sacredness means for the cultivation of the mind, the doother means. Indeed, the assertion is capable attached from earliest times to the rites of minion of the passions, in a word, for the eleof abundant proof, that the greater and most hospitality. To have eaten salt and bread, vation of the character cannot even be brought valuable part of our knowledge is derived from even with the freebooter of the desert, is to to operate. Dark, dark indeed, must that the sense of touch. I see the learned gentle-obtain a pledge of safety far more solema than soul be for whose illumination the eyes are man, who first addressed this assembly, smile an oath.' The violation of it by an Arab, in the only media! Insensible must it also be to at the remark; does he mean, I ask, to contro the slightest degree, would make him despica music's soothing and transporting strain, which vert it?

ble to himself, and the object of marked ab. sometimes forms a spell even more binding Mr. Optic. I do.

horrence in his tribe; thus, where every other than that of the desert to which we have been Mr. Contact. Then, Sir, lo you I offer an sense fails, that of taste demonstrates its po already referred. opportunity to state your objection, and am per tency. Nor need this excite surprise, when fectly willing that the declaration I uttered its influence on the notorious Jacoub ben

“ Hear how Timotheus' varied lays surprise, should be proved falso, if this be practicable. Laith is remembered. He had broken into a And bid alternate passions fall and rise; Mr. Optic. With every sentiment of respect palace and had collected a heavy booty; but

While, at each change, the son of Lybian Jove for the candour of my learned friend, he will just as he was about to carry it off, he kicked

Now burns with glory, and then melts with allow me lo observe, that the smile he noticed something that made him stumble, when put

love;

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Now his fierce eyes with sparkling fury glow of its properties changed or destroyed, the room of the Bishop of Quebec, who resides in --Now sighs steal out, and tears begin to flow; world would be unfit for the habitation of sen. the college. This room was hung round with Persians and Greeks, like turns of nature tient beings; while, had an advocate for the portraits of all his predecessors in office; 12 or found,

mind appeared, he might have argued that the 14 in number. And the world's victor stood subdued--by perception of the colour or softness, the fra. Our intercourse was with a few of the first sound!"

grance or taste of a peach, was simply a cer French families in the city. There was much But, Sir, how should the value of hearing iain state of the mind, which, after all

, is the less of stiff restraint, than with us, and much be estimated, when to it we are indebted for great instrument and seat of consciousness. more of that easy politeness and that expres. the use of verbal language. Speech is a And far beyond this might the Divine have sion of social, friendly feeling, which makes power so strikingly distinctive of man, that, advanced, while he exclaimed:

one feel at home among strangers. French from his utterance of articulate sounds, he has “Soft rolls your incense, herbs, and fruits, and

was their common language, but they learn been called “a divider of the voice." By its flowers,

English at schools, and can speak it. The la. aid we express our wants, which, as soon as In mingled clouds to Him whose sun exalts,

dies sung songs in both languages, but preferheard, obtain relief, diffuse through many Whose breath perfumes you, and whose pencil | friends, (members of the bar) went with us to

red English as more melodious. Two of our channels the joy that rises as a spring in our

paints;” own bosoms, and, like angelic powers, linger

the Falls of Montmorenci, a distance of 9 over the couch of the depressed and sorrowful, and charged all the powers of man to unite in miles. We passed through the suburbs, which distilling peace for the troubled mind, and a

the sacrifice. For the future, then, let har. are without the walls, and consist entirely of healing balm for the wounded heart. Withmony pervade the microcosm of our common

whitewashed houses, one story high, crowded out it, indeed, we should have been without nature,

together on streets enclosing regular squares, thought; and, bad our whole race been thus

“ And let us join and occupied by the poor and labouring classes.

Our several movements with the master wheel destitute, the most gifted would have resem.

Our road lay through the pleasant village of bled the leading oxen of the fields, or monkeys

Of the great world, and serve that sacred end Beaufort-on the left the fertile grounds roso of the wood; and man, now lord of the crea

Which He, the unerring reason, keeps in into a gentle and uniform range of hills, while

view!" tion, had been no more than its degraded vas

on our right was the river and the beautiful sal. At the present day, wherever language The President's address having been re

island of Orleans. Behind us rose the Heights can scarcely be said to exist, human nature ceived with acclamation, the sentiments of it of Abraham, and the city with its frowning appears most brutally debased, while we may were embodied in a resolution which passed battlements and munition of rocks, all forming trace, as the consequence of improvement, in nemine contradicente, and the assembly sepa

a landscape of no small interest and beauty. this particular, the progress made in arts and rated, sine die.

The peasantry had an air of cheerful content, civilization.

and a bow to them always met with a pleasant But even this benefit, vast as it is, is consi.

and polite return. Many of the women with

LETTERS FROM CANADA. derable, compared with ihe power of language

broad brimmed straw hats like those of men, in giving transmission and permanence to

We visited the College at Quebec on the were labouring in the gardens and fields. thought; so that each individual may not ground of a previous acquaintance with the The Falls are 30 or 40 rods from the mouth of merely invoke the wisdom of his species, but Professor of Philosophy-who was a native of the river, which is about 50 feet wide, and deinherit the accumulated acquisitions of all New England, and a man of that shrewdness, scends in one unbroken fall 240 feet. All great. preceding generations, and especially the con and that peculiar tact in giving and acquiring ness is comparative, and as we never before ceptions and discoveries of genius, which illu. | information which is the birthright of every had seen a large cataract, the impression on minates what is dark, harmonizes what is dis. Yankee. The main building, which is from 2 our minds was truly sublime. We ventured cordant, and creates what is not. By the abi. to 300 feet in length, is parallel to the street, on the rock which projects at tho foot of the lity which we owe indirectly to the car,

while the wing extends in front, and another falls, and stood, until thoroughly wet with the boundaries of time seem to be renewed-noth

from the other end in the rear. They are spray, gazing on the sheet of foam as it pouring is past, every thing lives;" the poet and built with the strength of a castle-have a ed over the rocks with deafening roar and ter. the sage secure immortality; for while there very antique appearance, and are of such size rific force and grandeur. It made us feel how is “a chain of thoughts of human kind, from as would easily accommodate from 4 to 600 feeble are the proudest efforts of human powo the origin of the worid down to the moment

students. The rooms are convenient, and a er, when compared with the works of God. at which we exist,” another is in gradual pre

number of them are reserved for the use of On the banks of the St. Lawrence, near the paration for those who shall live in remotest the Clergy who visit the city. There is an Falls, are extensive lumber mills, with 80 sawe posterity. Selecting, then these topics from Infirmary for those meinbers of the College, and a variety of machinery for removing lain. a multitude which might be advanced, I leave who are sick, with fine accommodations for ber, all moved by water taken from above the them to their effects on the minds of this as. bathing. The cooking apparatus and halls for Falls. It passes through an aqueduct of plank sembly.

eating were much in the style of those in our enclosed on all sides and strongly bound with Mr. Common Sense now rose, and spoke as Colleges except that the students used pewter timber. In the distance of 40 or 50 rods it de. follows:-Most gladly do I tender my personal plates. There is a Cabinet of Natural Sci scends 240 feet, and strikes the wheel at the acknowledgments, and I doubt not I may add ence, and a Library of 4 or 5,000 volumes, mills with tremendous force. The quantity of those of my friends around me, to the gentle mostly works of the Fathers; and like other lumber was immense-and formerly 2 or 300 men whose eloquence has this day laid us College libraries in this country, very deficient vessels used to load there in a season, but now under deep obligation; nor do I hesitate to in the books of modern date. In the rear of not more than 40 or 50 are engaged in the express my conviction that the issue of our the College is a garden of several acres, en. trade. Just at evening we returned to the deliberations will prove beneficial. Among closed by a high wall, and with broad gravel city, and after midnight, taking a farewell view their results, I may specify the general persua. led walks lined with shrubbery and flowers. of Quebec, and entering the steamboat, were sion that will prevail, that a question on which Here and there were summer houses covered soon on our way. The mists of evening were some suppose little can be suid, may, not with. with vines—while in one part was a grove of spread over the river, and all was still savo standing, be strongly supported on due consi. | full grown trees, in all the wildness and luxu. here and there a boat was gliding over the derationthat audi alteram partem" is a riance of Nature. From a platform on the water, the rowers singing some of their nu. charge of the highest practical wisilom-and / walls is a view of the bay and city of Quebec, merous boat-songs, and keeping time to the that the senses with which we are endowed, and the romantic region around, which fo music with the stroke of the oars. These are of greater value than we commonly ima- reigners have thought the finest in America. songs we heard often on the St. Lawrence, gine. And here I inust be allowed to remark, There are 8 Professors and 40 or 50 students and as their music came floating on the air, that the question of precedence ought not to in theology, and 200 more students in the Col the effect was truly delightful.--N: England have been agitated. For, as Dideroi has said, lege. The latter study in rooms with Tutors, Review. “What a strange society would five persons and wear long blue frock coats, with white Beauty and Health.--Females should be ear. make, each of ihein endowed with only one cords on the seams and edges, and a sash of ly taught the important fact, that beauty cansense, and no two having the same.” Differ- gay colours about the waist.-The students in not, in reality, exist, independent of health ; ing as they must in all their views of nature, Theology, like the clergy, wear a loose black and that the one is absolutely unattainable by each would look upon the others with con gown of undressed woollen, with a row of glass any practice inconsistent with the other. In tempt, and they would, doubtless, treat each buttons thick set from the neck to the feet, vain do they hope to improve their skin--to other as insane. The loss of one sense must and a black girdle about the waist. The French give a “roseate hue" to their cheeks, or to be pronounced a calamity to the rest; it is language is used in instruction, and a boy who augment the grace and symmetry of thoir only by the united and harmonious action of enters without having studied Latin is nine forms, unless they are cautious to preserve the whole, that the full end contemplated by years in completing the course. The whole the whole frame in health, vigour and activity. the beneficent author of our being is answered. expense is but 60 dollars per annum for each Beauty of complexion, and to a certain extent,

Besides, are there not other dependencies student. This is owing in part to the fund that of shape also, is nothing more than visible which the senses have, besides that which derived from Seigniories, a kind of feudal te health--a pure mirror of the perforinance of they have on each other? Had the atmos nure, by which the college rents large tracts the internal functions, and of their harmony phere engaged a representative, he might of land to tenants; and in part to the fact that with the external portions of the system; the have contended for the highest distinction, the Faculty receive no salaries but their food certain effects of pure air, cheerfulness, tempersince air is the vehicle of odours, and the me. and clothing, and being all ecclesiastics, they ance, and of exercise uninterrupted by any spedium of sounds, and, were only two or three have no families to support. We went io the cies of unnatural constraint.-Jour. of ticalth,

GENEVA.
No, never shall I lose the trace

council of such-and-such a member (of course of what I've felt in this bright place;

of the adverse party), who talked for two hours Lake Leman woos me with its crystal face,

And should my spirit's hope grow weak, on the merest trifle in the world, and thought The mirror where the stars and mountains view The stillness of their aspect in each trace

Should I, oh God! e'er doubt thy power, he was establishing his reputation as a statesIus clear depth yields of their far height and hue. This mighty scene again I'll seek,

man for ever." Byron. At this same calm and glowing hour,

Of all the important events which have conThe city of Geneva claims the distinction of And here at the sublimest shrine

tributed to the celebrity of Geneva, none high antiquity. It is frequently mentioned by That Nature ever rear'd to Thee,

claims so great a portion of interest as the Rethe name it now bears in the Commentaries of Rekindle all that hope divine,

formation, of which Geneva may be said to Julius Cæsar.

And feel my immortality!

have been the cradle and the nurse. Had it It became a republic in the year 1535, and Beyond the beauty and romance of its situa. not been for this precious home of liberty, by degrees acquired the form of government tion, ihe city of Geneva has nothing in itself which served as a rallying point for the reforwhich is maintained to the present day. Its to merit particular notice. Few European mers of all countries during the sanguinary earlier history, however, is involved in unusual towns of its size and importance are so sparing. terrors of persecution, the reformed doctrines obscurity; and notwithstanding the ingenious ly decorated with public monuments. 'The would never have been so successfully promul. speculations of many who have endeavoured to upper part, which rises on a gentle acclivity, gated, nor could their advantages liave been so reconcile the conflicting testimony of ancient is exceedingly picturesque. The houses are universally secured. The Genevese were early writers, none have hitherto succeeded in re of stone, and well constructed. But the lower in the field, and to their exertions is the Promoving the veil with which tradition and igno- part offers rather an unpleasant contrast. The testant Church materially indebted for the rance have so long obscured it. These tene houses are many stories high, and from their rapid progress of its tenets, and for the founbræ seculorum will be a sufficient excuse for appearance would seem to have been built for dation on which it at present stands. not pursuing such an inquiry, more especially ages. They have heavy, projecting roofs, and

(To be continued) as Geneva presents us with subjects far more on each side of the streets are erected cumber. interesting than the investigation of remote some wooden arcades, under which the trading tradition.

classes exhibit their ware and merchandise. In DESTRUCTION OF THE JANISSARIES. The city is built at the head of the Leman the water which divides the town there are [Being part of an article in the Museum of Foreign lake, which is considered the finest piece of also erected many heavy and unseemly build

Literature and Science.] water in Europe. The waters abound withings, apparently for the sole use of the washer. Mahmoud saw the absolute necessity of introfish, and are famous for trout, which are often women of Geneva. Indeed, this portion of ducing European discipline among these troops. found of a prodigious size. At the opposite the city being chiefly inhabited by the mercan “ Like Peter the Great, he found the domiend the Rhone falls into the lake, which at tile part of the population, is not very likely to neering of his Prætorian guards no longer tosome distance separates into two rapid streams, meet with speedy improvement, since expense lerable; and as Peter rid himself of his Streforming a small island in the town, and then on the one hand and prejudice on the other litz, so Mahmoud determined to dispose of his reuniting pursues its course into France. The are most effectual securities for the adherence Janissaries.” Unlike the unfortunate Selim, Jake is bordered on one side by the Pays de of the citizens to the wisdom of their ancestors. Mahmoud possessed energy enough to adopt, Vaud, a country which was formerly conquer. The public walks and the ramparts are, how. and a relentless rigour to execute, any pur. ed by the Canton of Bern from the Dukes of ever, replete with interest. Thence the eye pose. By promises, menaces, and executions, Savoy. This may, indeed, be considered one of the tourist will be delighted with the bril he brought over a majority of the Janissary of the most enchanting spots in Europe. As liant succession of romantic villas, which rise officers to acquiesce in his plan. They agreed far as the eye can reach, it is studded with like fairy mansions along the margin of the to furnish one hundred and fifty men from each towns, hamlets, gardens, and vineyards, and is | lake, and, combined with the scenes around, regiment, and Egyptian officers were sent for bounded by the hills of Mount Jura. The present a series of views as beautiful as they to drill and discipline the new corps; but as Savoy side has a wilder and more romantic are varied. The lake itself perhaps partakes Turks, like most ignorant people, annex more appearance, presenting a pleasing contrast to more of softness than of grandeur, and the importance to words than things, and hate the the Pays de Vaud. Huge mountains and tre- pleasure of gliding over its waters, when the very sound of any thing like an innovation on mendous precipices meet the eye on all sides, setting sun casts a mellowed light over the ancient usage, the ill-omened name of Nizamrising behind each other in every wild and fan vivid and glowing scenery around, would be gedditte, or New Regulars, was laid aside, and tastic form with which the imagination may the summit of such enjoyment, did not the fre the same thing, now named Nizam-attic, or choose to invest them. On the one side Na-quency of those fogs or vapours, which are the the old regulars, satisfied the troops. ture is displayed in her most sublime and awful bane of this part of Switzerland, too often in The 15th June, 1822, was appointed for a form, while on the other, she exhibits her gay tervene and involve the glorious scene in mist grand field-day of the new troops, on the Et. est and most attractive attire. Thus, by a and obscurity.

meidan, at which the sultan, the oulemas, and happy combination of the softest imagery with The attachinent of the Genevese to the the ministers, were to be present. On the the grander and more majestic scenery, the pleasures of society renders their town a de- day preceding, the different corps assembled to neighbourhood of Geneva abounds with objects sirable residence to strangers. As in France, practise together, that they might be more exof surpassing interest. The hand of Nature it is chiefly the evening that is devoted to so pert in their evolutions, and they now discohas indeed marked the scene as one of her hapo ciety and conversation. The description which vered, for the first time, that they were prac. piest labours. Every material is here com. M. Simond gives of a soirée at Geneva might tising the very thing they had all determined bined that the poet or the painter could desire be mistaken for that of an evening party in to resist : “Why this is very like Russian mato excite the imagination or to stimulate a lin some country town in England. "Soon after neuvring,” says one—“It is much worse," gering fancy. The silver lake, which extends eight in the evening ladies sally forth, wrapped exclaims another. To stifle this rising disconlike a huge mirror from shore to shore, reflect- in a cloak and hood, a rebellious feather only tent, the aga of the Janissaries severely repriing from its bright and polished surface the appearing sometimes in front, and walk on tip- manded the one, while the other was impru. numberless beauties that adorn its banks, the toe about the streets, preceded by their maid, dently struck in the face by an Egyptian offilofty mountains that rear on every side their who carries a lantern. When they reach their cer. Instantly all discipline was abandoned, majestic heads, some clothed with eternal destination, the cloak and double shoes are the assembled corps were thrown into commosnows, and others delighting the eye with thrown off in an ante-room appropriated to the tion; they turned into the streets; robbed and freshness and verdure, and the city itself, embo- purpose; their dress is shaken out a little by insulted all they met; proceeded to the house somed in its woods and waters, present a scene

ihe attentive maid, their shawl thrown afresh of their aga, who had made himself obnoxious which, for harmonious combination and variety over their shoulders with negligent propriety, by promoting the new plan, and, not finding of imagery must stand unrivalled, even where their cap set to rights, and then they slide in him at home, assassinated his lieutenant, debeauty and sublimity most predominate. The lightly, to appearance quite unconscious of stroyed every thing they found in the building, glowing language of Rousseau and the lofty looks, make their curtsy, take their seats, and and even went so far, says Dr. Walsh, "as to verse of Byron have been, not unworthily, em try to be agreeable to their next neighbour; violate those observances which a Turk holds ployed in throwing round these romantic and yet now and then they stifle a yawn, and in the highest respect~they entered his harem, favoured regions a halo of which neither time change places under some pretence for the and abused his women." They tore off their nor circumstance can ever deprive them. sake of changing, and curiously turn over uniforms, and trampled them in the streets ; Moore too thus beautifully describes his foel- young ladies' or young gentlemen's drawings, and being joined by an immense rabble, proings on visiting the lake and valley for the first placed on the table with prints and books, upon ceeded to the Porte, carried off what valuables time at sunset.

which they would not bestow a look if they they could lay their hands on, and destroyed

could help it, nor listen to the music, to which the archives. 'Twas at this instant--while there glow'd they now seem attentive. Tea comes at last, “ The Janissaries now displayed a spirit of

This last, intensest gleam of light with heaps of sweet things; a few card-parties determination, which they never manifest but Suddenly through the opening road

are arranged, and as the hour of eleven or in extreme cases. The first thing that struck The valley burst upon my sight!

twelve strikes, the maid and lantern are an. me, on my arrival, as odd and singular in the That glorious valley, with its lake,

nounced in a whisper to each of the fair visi streets of Constantinople, was an extraordiAnd Alps on Alps in clusters swelling,

ters. Meanwhile the men, in groups about the nary greasy-looking fellow dressed in a leather Mighty' and pure, and fit to make

room, discuss the news of the day, foreign or jacket, covered over with ornaments of tin, The ramparts of a Godhead's dwelling. domestic politics, but mostly the latter, inak bearing in his hand a lash of several leather

ing themselves very merry with the speach in thongs; he was followed by two men, also fan

Will come,

tastically dressed, supporting a pole on their themselves up; and, in order to dislodge them,

A WINTER SCENE. shoulders, from which hung a large copper it was necessary to set the kislas on fire, as kettle. They walked through the nain streets they refused all terms of_surrender. The Spring has her bursting flowers, with an air of great authority, and all the peo- | flames were soon seen from Pera, bursting out Her silvery streamlets, and her soft blue

skiesple hastily got out of the way. This, I found in different places; and that none might eson inquiry, was the soup kettle of a corps of cape, the barracks were surrounded, like the Summer her leafy bowers, Janissaries, and always held in high respect; Etmeidan, with cannon, and the discharges And Autumn his ripe fruits and opal dies. indeed, so distinguishing a characteristic of continued without intermission. It is not pog. But winter, stern and cold, this body is their soup, that their colonel is sible, perhaps, to conceive any situation more Few are the smiles that light his frowning called Tchorbadgé, or the distributor of soup. horrible than that in which the Janissaries gloomTheir kettle, therefore, is, in fact, their stand now found themselves; the houses in flames The snow, his mantle's fold, ard; and whenever that is brought forward, it over their heads, and the walls battered down And the black tempest cloud, his streaming is the signal of some desperate enterprise about them, torn to pieces with grape-shot and plume. These kettles were now solemnly displayed in overwhelmed with ruins and burning frag.

Yet, like the transient hours the Etmeidan, inverted in the middle of the ments. As it was determined to exterminate

Of human joy, or, in a desert land, area, and in a short time twenty thousand men them utterly, no quarter was any longer offer. rallied round them."—Walsh, pp. 84, 85. ed or given, and the conflagration and dis- The Arab meets with, journeying o'er the

A spot of springs or flowers The crisis was now arrived. The Sultan charge of artillery continued for the remainder

sand. ordered such troops as he could depend on, of the day. The Janissaries, not withstanding and the artillery, to hold themselves in readi the surprise and comparatively unprepared

Sometimes a sunny day Dess; summoned a council, declared his inten state in which they were taken, defended

with boundless light and heaven of tion of either ruling without the control of the themselves with a desperate fierceness and in blue, Janissaries, or of passing over to Asia, and trepidity. The Aga Pasha was wounded, and

And airs like those of May abandoning Constantinople and European had four horses killed under him, and his Go wandering the wide horizon through. Turkey to their mercy! and submitted, as a troops suffered severely. At length, however, 'Tis morn, and warm and light measure of immediate expediency, to raise the opposition ceased, when there was no longer The timid west wind melts along the air : Sandjâc Sheriff, or Sacred Standard of Maho any thing left alive to make it. The firing The sky is soft and bright, met, that all good Mussulmans might rally slackened and silenced—the flames were ex With a pure wreath of clouds curld glittering round it. This last proposal met with unani- tinguished of themselves; and the next morn. there. mous applause. The holy banner, which is ing presented a frightful scene,-burning ruins

Yon hill-side's sloping snow, said to have been made out of the capacious slaked in blood-a huge mass of mangled Aesh

A spangled gauze of sparkling diamonds nether garment of the Prophet, and which it and smoking ashes.”—Walsh, pp. 88, 89.

shines; is forbidden to all but Moslems to look upon, For three whole days the gates of the city

The frozen lake below is never produced but on the most solemn oc were closed, during which those who had not

Flashes in dazzling sports or shifting lines. casions, and had not been seen in Constanti- perished in the barracks were hunted and put nople since the year 1769; when the Austrian to death, so that the streets were every where

And where the forest's fringe ambassador, his wife, his daughters, and a nu covered with corpses. The Franks in Pera, Climbs deep and blackening to the mountain's merous suite of distinguished Europeans, hav and even those in the English ambassador's crest, ing permitted themselves to view it from the palace, directly opposite the Janissaries' bar.

Beneath the sunlight's tinge window of a house in Constantinople, as it racks, scarcely knew what was going forward, The upland fields look out in glimmering rest. passed, were insulted and ill treated by the excepting hearing occasional firing of artillery, As the west's breathings come fanatical populace. The ambassador complain and seeing blazes of fire and smoke, than which Amid the maple's crimson sprays on high, ed to the Porte, and, as an expiation of the nothing is more common in Constantinople. There sounds a transient hum, offence, a few individuals (who had been guilty “ The number of Janissaries destroyed on Like music of the bee swift darting by. of other crimes) were strangled. The Court this occasion is variously reported: besides

Where to the southern air of Vienna, however, had the good sense to re those who perished at the Etmeidan, barracks, The bill-slope lears, the noontide seems to call its ambassador, for disregarding the local and in the public streets, multitudes were customs and religious feelings of the country caught and privately strangled in the houses

And melted snow streams there in which he was residing. where they were found, or brought to appoint

Glittering amid the brightening mossos creep. No sooner came the important news of the ed places where they were beheaded together. sacred relic being brought forth, on the pre- These slaughter-houses as represented by eye

The hazel branches spread, sent occasion, than thousands rushed from witnesses, were very horrible. None of the

Curled with their yellow tassels at my feet, their houses in all directions, and joined the large body assembled were supposed to have And towers above my head procession with the fiercest enthusiasm. The escaped. All the officers, with the exception The ever verdant pine, the forest's pride. mufti planted the standard on the pulpit of the of a few of high rank who had joined the Sul The snow bird, chirping low, magnificent mosque of St. Sophia, and the tan's party, were known to have perished; and Lights restless on this breechen thicket sere : Sulian pronounced an anathema against all the general opinion is, that twenty thousand The woodcock on the bough who refused to range themselves under it. were sacrificed on the occasion. Arubas and In fitful pauses rolls its hammerings near. Four officers were despatched to the Etmeidan other machines were employed for several

To-morrow's sun may bring to offer pardon to the Janissaries if they would days in dragging down the mangled bodies and The massy volumes of the wintry storm; acknowledge their errors and immediately dis- casting them into the harbour and Bosphorus.

The strong blast's hissing wing perse; but this was rejected with scorn, and Here they lay, till becoming buoyant by corthey on the instant put to death the four offi- ruption, they again rose to the top, and were

May sweep along, to ruin and deform : cers who had dared to propose submission. floated into the sea of Marmora, where the

And this sweet smiling scene Mahmoud now saw that nothing was left for eddies frequently carried them into still water; Will turn to desolation cold again him but to decree the total destruction of this covering the surface with large putrid masses, This peaceful forest lean insolent corps: desirous, however, to cover the in which boats and ships were sometimes en | Shivering beneath the season's wonted reign. deed be contemplated with the sanction of the tangled and delayed; exhibiting, in nearly the Thus, thus with life!--the cloud mufti, and thus enlist on his side the authority same place the reality of that which the poet of wintry sorrows chills our hearts awhile, of the priesthood, he demanded whether it was only feigned of the vessel of Xerxes impeded Then, bursting through its shroud lawful to put down his rebellious subjects by by the bodies of his own soldiers

Beams on our way one joy, one holy smile! force; the sheik replied that it was: " Then,"

Cruentis

Again the tempest's gloom says the Sultan, “ give me your fetva to slay Fluctibus, ac tarda per densa cadavera prora.'" | Comes, with redoubled horror, frowning there; if resistance be offered;" which was accord.

Walsh, pp. 91, 92. Gone is the transient bloom, ingly done, and the fate of the Janissaries was sealed.

Those belonging to the corps who, by con

And blacker seems thy wing, ob black Des

pair! “The Aga Pasha had by this time collected cealing themselves, had survived the dreadful

Monticello, N. Y.

ATTICUS. a force of sixty thousand men, on whom he massacre, were banished from Constantinople, could entirely depend; and he received imme. to the amount it is said, of twenty or thirty diate orders to put the Janissaries down by thousand; but as, according to Dr. Walsh, force, which he lost no time in executing. He“ they had suffered before from wounds, priva

THE FIRST GREY HAIR. surrounded the Etmeidan, where they were tions, and anxiety of mind, numbers sunk under If " sermons may be found in stones, all lumultuously assembled in a dense crowd, debility and died on the road; so that it is sup

And good in every thing," and having no apprehension of such a mea posed not half of them ever reached their own

If universal nature owns, sure; and the first intimation many of them country.” Thus perished forever that formida. had of their situation was a murderous dis- ble corps which kept the sovereign despot in

Throughout her varied ring, charge of grape-shot from the cannon of the awe, and which, in fact, may be said to have No time or scene that is not fraught Topghees. Vast numbers were killed on the governed the empire.

With information såge; spot, and the survivors retired to their kislas,

A book that calls to serious thought or barrack, which was close by; hore they shut

Where'er we ope the page

sleep,

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