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URBAIN GRANDIER.

Among his other accomplishments the hand He paused again-then endeavoured to speak The people of the town of Loudun, for some some curé was understood to possess the art of --then stopped. At length, however, pluckreason or another, were desirous of possessing writing satires, and had, it seems, amused him. ing up his courage, he answered boldly, a convent of Ursuline nuns, and signified their self in an unlucky moment, in exercising this « Grandier." “ Dic qualitatem,” (mention bis desires in form to the bishop of Poictiers. talent at the expense of the Cardinal de Riche quality) said Mignon; and the devil having This worthy prelate, who appears to have lieu. Observing persons thought they could now passed the Rubicon, continued “ Sacershared all the superstition and profligacy of perceive some secret connexion between this dos” (a priest). “Cujus ecclesiæ ?" (of what manners of the times in which he lived, very fact, and the accusation of sorcery, and ima- church ?) " Sancti Petri.” (of St. Peter.) readily yielded to their wishes, and under- gined that the hand which struck the curé “ Quæ persona attulit flores?" (what person standing that in the convent of Poictiers there reached all the way from Paris. At present brought the flowers?) " Diabolica." (Madewere several nuns whose reputations were a the fact is pretty well ascertained; and we moiselle Diabolique.) After these words the little the worse for the wear, he selected thosc can add to the other claims of the “Grand devil grew sulky, or could muster no more pious and charitable sisters, and placing the Cardinal" to the admiration of mankind, that Latin, and the lady prioress coming to herself, most debauched of them all at their head, de of having caused a poor handsome young man repeated her Benedicite, and partook of a slight spatched them in all haste to the good town to be burned alive, for having made himself collation, to recruit her strength after so great of Loudun. On their arrival at the place of too merry with his beard.

an exertion. their destination, they found that there was no There is a singularly comic view in this It now came to the turn of sister Clara's convent prepared to receive them, and that it horrible tragedy, which provokes laughter in devil to be interrogated, but he turned out to would be necessary to put up for the present the midst of the most fearful scenes. The be a demon of inferior accomplishments, and with an old haunted house, which was greatly Abbé Mignon having discovered that the pretty could speak no Lalin. When greatly pressed, falleň to decay. Neither was there at first nuns were possessed by the spirit of lust, who, he merely replied in French, “ To the other! any other provision than bread and water, a when interrogated, replied that his name was to the other!" Upon this the magistrates apspecies of diet to which few persons resort Astaroth, hitherto supposed by the learned to pear to have begun to understand the matter, from preference. Our nuns, who were per. have been a female deinon, brought the whole but without making any remark on the subject, sons of taste and judgment, soon gave affairs affair before the magistrates, and requested they retired. Mignon, however, was not to another turn. They laboured, acquired money, them to repair to the convent, to be present at be wearied by disappointment. He procured furnished their convent, and then began to the exorcisms, and to behold the wonders the favour of a second meeting, and the prilook about for handsome confessors. Two per which accompanied them. The baillie and oress, who was resolved to maintain the chasons presented themselves to perform this the civil lieutenant accepted of their invita- racter of her devils for energy and activity, now office for the nuns of Loudun, a priest with the tion, and repairing to the convent, found the foamed at the mouth, lolled out her tongue very handsome name of Mignon, and Urbain lady' abbess and one of the inferior sisters, in like a mad dog, and made the most frightful Grandier, who possessed a person still hand an apartment furnished with seven little beds, grimaces. The ceremony of exorcising bad somer than the name of his rival. M. Mignon, and surrounded by Carmelite friars, a canon, already commenced when the magistrates arhowever, was not the man tamely to submit to and a surgeon. At the sight of the magis rived; but it was now no longer the abbé Migrivalry in a matter of this kind, where the trates, the lady abbess, who probably expe non who performed the conjuror. It was the question was, who should possess the right to rienced some slight access of terror at that curé of a neighbouring parish, a fierce, sombre, the consciences of some score or two of pretty moment, ultered a piercing shriek, like a little bigoted priest. In the inidst of the operations nuns. He, therefore, set himself seriously to pig, and hid herself under the sheets of the a sudden terror was struck through the whole work to get rid of his adversary, not by the bed; and then putting out her head again, she assembly. A cat, an animal in the form of ordinary means prevalent among the vulgar, made the most horrible grimaces, in order to which the devil often appears, dropped down but by a fine, subtle, and curious policy which convince the man of authority that the seven the chimney in the midst of the exorcism, and none but a monk could have devised. He de devils to which she laid claim were actually in after throwing the whole assembly into an termined to remove his enemy by burning him her bed at the time.

agony of horror, sprang upon the top of the alive. To effect this a certain degree of inge This part of the farce having been perform priestess's bed. Here then was Satan, in bodinuity was necessary, but no very extraordinary ed to the satisfaction of the Carmelites and ly reality in the midst of them. Every man genius for mischief, for mankind seem to have the Abbé Mignon, the latter took up his exor crossed himself, and the exorcising curé, firmlent themselves in those times with wonderful cising book, and commenced the reading of ly persuaded they had got the devil among facility to further the designs of any rogue those questions to which it was desirable that them at last, lifted up the cross, and with trem. whatever.

the devils should reply. It should be remark- bling hand flung up a flood of holy water at In the first place the nuns, whose intellects ed, that in those times all devils were sup. the cat. Instead of vanishing in a cloud of seem to have been somewhat deranged by the posed to be extremely well educated, and io smoko, the feline devil recovered a little from spirit of licentiousness, were to be persuaded possess, among other accomplishments, a com his fright, and altogether misunderstanding the that their evil desires had been inflamed, not petent knowledge of all languages, ancient as affair, began to fawn and purr at his pursuers ; by the conversation and the arts usually pre well as modern. Their favourite dialect, how and at length the lady prioress discovered that vailing at that time in convents, and not to be ever, was the Latin, and in order to accommo the devil on the top of the bed was no other repressed so long as human nature shall re date himself to their taste, the Abbė Mignon than her own tom-cat. main unchanged, but by the magical practices put questions in that language. Propter The affair of the tom-cat amazed the exorof Urbain Grandier. This part of the business quam causam?” said he to the devil Astaroth, cisers for some time, but they soon returned to was of course not very difficult, for the nuns, “ingressus es corpus hujus virginis?" (that is, their old humour, and longed for a more exincapable of concealing their wanton propensi " for what reason hast thou entered the body citing spectacle. On one particular occasion ties, were exceedingly willing to shift the of this virgin?"). The devil, with a degree of a Scotchman, who happened to be present at name from their own shoulders, even though candour which does him great credit, immedi- the ceremony, and was somewhat sceptical, it should rest on those of the handsome curé. ately replied, “ Per animositatem” (“through requested the conjuror to put a question or Be this as it may, Mignon, terrified lest Gran spite"). This point having been settled, and two to the devil in Gaelic. The curé observ. dier should rob him of his prey, pushed the it being now clear that it was not for love, ing that if it pleased God, Satan could speak matter to extremities, and with all the vehe- which, perhaps, the abbé previously suspected, Gaelic, as well as any other language, consentinence of a man urged on at once by the love Mignon continued, " Per quod pactum?” (by ed, and the Scotchman put a few short quesof woman and the love of gain. Other pas- | what covenant?) “ Per Flores,” (by that of tions to his Satanic majesty, in the language sions, more or less malignant, united their flowers,) said the devil. “Quales” (what of the Highlands. Satan, however, in all his force with these, perhaps, to hurry on the cri- sort?). "Rosas;”. (roses). But now came the travels, had never thought of visiting that part minal in his course of guilt; but without any question for which all the others had been of the world, and could make nothing of this other motives, these were of themselves suffi contrived. “Quis misit?" (who sent them?) new jargon; he therefore replied pertly,“ Deus, cient to account, under the circumstances, for Here Astaroth, like a devil of some conscience, non volo," (God, I will not,) which was merehis actions.

who betrayed his master with reluctance, hesi ly a cunning way of saving his credit. Grandier was now accused of having cast tated for a short time, but at length muttered Having been defeated in his design of panginto the convent certain thorns and roses pre forth “Urbanus.” This was coming close to | ing for a great linguist, Satan got out of hupared by magic, which excited, in as many of the mark, but not hitting it; there might be mour, began to give a tragical turn to the the nuns as inhaled their scent, an irresistible other Urbanuses, and it would be difficult 10 affair, and hurried on, as fast as possible, the passion for the magician. The curé seems, in obtain the permission of the magistrales to condemnation of poor Grandier. The events fact, to have been in possession of that kind burn all persons of that name, in order to make which succeeded were no less indecent than of magical art, which is all-powerful over the sure of the right one. Another step, there horrible. Several of the nuns, however, seeheart of woman, but which cannot be defined fore, was to be made, and the intrepid Mignon ing the fearful termination the affair was likeor described. Mignon, however, had resolved continued,“ Dic cognomen,” (mention his sur ly to have, now became alarmed, and confessed that his triumph in the world should be short. name). Here Astaroth made a dead pause. aloud that they had been playing the hypocrite, The accusation of sorcery was pushed with Should he, or should be not, obey the power and accusing an innocent person. This only vigour, the nuns were interrogated, found to ful exorciser, and expose his beloved master to hastened the punishment of Grandier, who be possessed by whole troops of devils in the the certainty of being roasted alive before his was brought before a mock tribunal, tried, and pay and service of M. Grandier, and the mas time.

condemned. The poor man, after enduring all ier of these faithless and unruly servants was “Some natural tears he dropped, but wiped the tremendous pains which could be inflicted apprehended and cast into prison.

them soon."

by torture, was at length carried forth to exe:

THE STORK.

THE WOODPECKER.

THE AMERICAN MOCKING BIRD.

THE HAWK.

ROOKS.

VULTURES.

THE PEACOCK.

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THE HERON.

THE JAY.

cution: between four and five o'clock in the af- | the sufferer. Then one of them took a lighted ternoon he was taken from the prison by the torch in his hand, and holding it several times Stork, why were hurnan virtues given to thee? executioners, who conveyed him to the place to his face, said, “Wilt thou not, unhappy -That human beings might resemble me; of punishment upon a kind of rope litter. On wretch, acknowledge thy crimes, and renounce Kind to my offspring, to my partner true, the way the unfortunate man conjured those the devil?” “I have no knowledge of the And duteous to my parents—what are you ? whom he met to pray to God for him. He was devil," replied Grandier, “ I renounce him and then placed in a small car, and brought out be all his pomps, and I entreat God to have mercy Rap, rap, rap, rap, I hear thy knocking bill, fore the church of St. Peter, to make the upon me.” Then father Lactantius, a re-col. Then thy strange outcry, when the woods are “ amende honourable;" but he could not keep lect friar, fearing lest the executioner should still. himself upon his knees, his legs having been come and adjust the rope about his neck, and

-Thus am I ever labouring for my bread, broken to pieces by the torture he had endured, strangle him, set fire to the pile with his own And thus give thanks to find my table spread. and falling flat upon his face, he lay in that hands. The flames quickly reached their vic. posture until the executioners came and lifted tim: the executioner was unable to approach How many voices of the woods are thine ? him up. He then repeated his entreaties to him; and Grandier cried out, “Ah! where is the bystanders to pray for bim. At this mo. the charity of father Lactantius? This is not

-All that I hear, my skill can make them mine: ment a Cordelier, whom he had vainly requestwhat was promised me; but there is a God in

New notes I learn, as boys outlandish words, ed to see for the purpose of confession came up heaven, who will hereafter judge thee and me;

And am, in song, the polyglot of birds. to him,

and embraced him, saying, “ remember I foretel that thou wilt shortly appear before the sufferings of our Lord Jesus Christ. You him." Then addressing himself to God, he A life at every meal, rapacious Hawk ? are a man of intellect, do not forget yourself. said, with a loud voice, “ Deus meus, ad le Spare helpless innocence. I bring you the blessing of your mother, who vigilo, Miserere mei." The flames then en

-Troth, pleasant talk ! joins me in praying God to have mercy on veloped him, and he was burned alive.

Yon Sparrow snaps more lives up in a day, you."

Than in a twelvemonth I could take away; This, however, was by no means agreeable

But hark, most gentle censor, in your ear, to the enemies of Grandier, and therefore the

BIRDS.

A word, a whisper,-you,-are you quite clear? good and pious monk was beaten, and driven

(Concluded from p. 110.)

Creation's groans, through ocean, earth, and away with brutal violence by the archers, at

sky, the command of their superiors. It was not What means that rioi in your citadel?

Ascend from all that walk, or swim, or fly. thought prudent that the people should under- Be honest, peaceable, like brethren dwell? stand what pious sentiments the unhappy-How, while we live so near to man, can life | Aboininable Harpies ! spare the dead. Grandier entertained. The Provost's lieuten.

Be any thing but knavery, noise, and strife ? -We only clear the field which man hath ant, regretting the part he was compelled to

spread : perform, begged the accused to forgive him:

On whom should heaven its hottest inco you have not offended me," replied Gran: Peacock, of idle beauty why so vain ?

rain ? dier," you have performed your duty with hu

-And art thou humble, who hast no fine train ? manity." It is not vanity, but Nature's part,

You slay the living, we but strip the slain. A curé also, but whether one of those who To show, by me, the cunning of her art. had been leagued against him is not mention

Stock still upon that stone, from day to day, ed, came to ask his forgiveness, and to conjure Thou hast a crested poll, and 'scutcheon'd I see thee watch the river for thy prey. him to pardon the injuries which had been wing,

-Yes, I'm the tyrant there; but when I sise, heaped upon him. “I forgive every one," Fit for a herald of the Eagle king,

The well-train'd Falcon braves me in the skies ; Grandier replied, “as I hope God will for. But such a voice! I would that thou couldst Then comes the tug of war, of strength and give me."

sing.

skill; The funeral pile, as it may justly be term. -My bill has rougher work—to scream with

He dies impaled on my updarted bill; ed, was now ready, the executioner seized fright;

Or, powerless in his grasp, my doom I meet; upon his victim, and fastened him with an iron And then, when screaming will not do, to fight. Dropt, as a trophy, at his master's feet. collar to a post, which had been fixed in the earth. The multitude, which consisted of per- Sing me, fair Swan, that song which poet's Art thou the king of birds, proud Eagle, say? sons from all parts of France, who had come

dream!

-I am; my talons and my beak bear sway; purposely to see the show, was immense: -Stand thou a hundred years beside this A greater king than 1, if thou wouldst be, Scarcely could the judges who had condernned

stream;

Govern thy tongue, but let thy thoughts be him, and who were coming to witness the Then mayst thou hear perchance, my latest

free. effect of their righteous sentence, make their

breath way through the crowd. Hovering over the "Create a soul beneath the ribs of death."'*

Art thou a bird, or bee, or butterfly? pile a flock of pigeons were seen, wbich would

-Each, and all three :-a bird in shape am I; not by any means be frightened away. “They

A bee, collecting sweets from bloom io bloom; are, said one party, the devils, who are waiting Pheasant, forsake the country, come to town ;

A butterfly in brilliancy of plume. for his soul. They are innocent doves, ex

I'll warrant thee a place beneath the crown. claimed others, come hither to bear testimony

-No, not to roost upon the throne, would I to the innocence of Grandier."

Renounce the woods, the mountains, and the Hail, Bird of Paradise !

sky. A large fly also came buzzing about his head;

- That name I bear, and one of the Capuchin friars, who had heard

Though I am nothing but a bird of air:

Thou art a child of earth, and yet to thee, that the word Beelzebub signifies “Prince of Thin is thy plumage, death is in thy croak;

Lost and recover'd, Paradise is free: Flies,” exclaimed, “ It is Beelzebub!” This | Raven, come down from that majestic ook! same friar, with another brother of the same -When I was hatch'd, my father set this tree,

Oh! that such glory were vouchsafed to me! order, stood near the pile, book in hand, sprink: An acorn then; its fall I hope to see, ling about holy water, and exorcising the wood A century after thou hast ceased to be. Hast thou expellid the mother from thy breast, and the air. A promise had been made to

And to the desert's mercies left thy nest? Grandier, that, previous to his execution, he Camest thou from India, Popinjay, and why ?

-Ah! no; the mother in me knows her part; should be permitted to speak to the people ; -To make thy children open ear and eye,

Yon glorious sun is warmer than my heart; but even this miserable consolation was denied

And when to life he brings my hungry brood, Gaze on my plumage, wonder at my talk, him ; for when he would have spoken, the two And think it shame I was not tau

He spreads for them the wilderness with food.

to walk. bearded monsters threw so large a quantity of holy water in his face that he could not speak. A moinent or two afterwards he made a second Magpie, thou too hast learn'd, by rote, lo speak

WHEATON'S TRAVELS. attempt to speak, but one of the friars stopped Words without meaning, through thy uncouth

Since the publication of Professor Silliman's his mouth with a kiss. “There' said Grandier,

beak.

Tour, we have not found a book of travels in " is a true Judas's kiss,” which put the monk -Words have I learn'd ?-and without mean.

Europe so entertaining as the volume just pubin so great a fury that he struck the victim ing too?

lished in Hartford by the Rev. Mr. Wheaton, several times in the face with the crucifix, Mark well,—my masters taught me all they from which we have

furnished several extracts. under pretence of making him kiss it. Ac

knew.

Mr. Wheaton's visit was made in 1823-4. He cording to some relations the crucifix had been

THE CORNCRAKE.

resided eight months in London, and spent made warm, in order, we presume, to burn his Art thou a sound, and nothing but a sound ? some time in other paris of the United King. lips.

-Go round the field, and round the field, and dom and in France. His letters of introduction The last favour which his persecutors pro

round,

procured him access to the refined circles of mised the unfortunate victim was, that, before you find my voice for ever changing ground; the English metropolis. He attended the ses, the flames reached him, he should be stran. And, while your ear pursues my croaking cry, sions of the most distinguished literary and gled; but the two Capuchin friars contrived to You look as if you heard me with your eye. philosophical societies; visited the Universiintertwist the cord in such a manner that it

iies; enjoyed the company of their eminent was impossible it should compress the neck of

* Milton's Comus.

professors, and was accustomed to meet mom.

THE SWAN.

TUE EAGLE.

THE HUMMING BIRD.

THE PHEASANT.

TUE BIRD OF PARADISE.

THE RAVEN.

THE OSTRICH.

THE PARROT.

THE MAGPIE.

tears.

bers of both houses of parliament socially. As | Vain, vain is then the trumpet's brazen roar, The road to St. Maurice, after leaving the a clergyman of the Episcopal church, he re Sweet notes of home, of love, are all he lake of Geneva, continues along the banks of ceived the attentions of the dignitaries and hears;

the Rhone, whose majestic waters glide rapidclergy of the establishment; and his account And the stern eyes that looked for blood before, ly along in their course to the lake, shaded by of ecclesiastical matters in England is fuller Now melting mournful lose themselves in the exuberant foliage of beech and walnut trees, than we have found in any other American

MOORE. and rendered picturesque by inasses of rocks work.

which rise from its banks. The town is ap. Mr. Wheaton heard every where professions It will be necessary that the tourist should proached by a magnificent stone bridge, which of the utmost kindness to America.' Qur lite penetrate a considerable distance into Switzer. crosses the Rhone where it is very deep and rature, habits, laws, &c., were the subjects of land, before he can form a correct judgment of rapid. It is two hundred feet long, and conconstant inquiry-he heard our institutions the varieties of Swiss scenery, and more parti sists of a single arch, having on each side for and distinguished men spoken of in the most cularly of Swiss character. The inhabitants its foundation an immense rock, which rises on flattering terms. At a dinner of the Royal of Geneva and Lausanne can hardly be termed the banks of the river, forming gigantic abutSociety, the works of Barton, Nuttall, Wilson, Switzers, in the true sense of the word; so ments, known by the familiar name of the and other naturalists, were mentioned with mixed are they with foreigners, and their Dent de Morcles, and the Dent du Midi. This commendation. Sir Humphry Davy "spoke habits and manners so imbued with foreign as bridge, independently of its situation, boasts highly of our chemists and mineralogists, with sociation. The character of the sturdy Swiss the ancient and honourable distinction of baving whose labours he is well acquainted." The can scarcely be recognised among the pliant Julius Cæsar for its founder. At one end is a Professor of Modern History in Cambridge graces of more polished nations. As the tra tower which is now a chapel, and at the other University, a strong whig, lecturing on the veller posts from town to town in the interior, is an ancient castle, through which the road American Revolution, quoted freely from our or rambles with more humility, but with far has been made to St. Maurice. historians : " he is well acquainted with our greater pleasure, from village to hamlet, he The town of St. Maurice is singularly wild literature." Bishop Dehon's popularity is said will soon discover the marked superiority of and beautiful. It is situated at the base of to be unbounded: a gentleman assured the au. the hardy Swiss peasant over the effeminate a line of rocks, many of which are formed into thor that no sermons had been so much preach inhabitant of the city:

complete habitations, and almost always form ed as his. Mr. Wilberforce desired him to Notwithstanding the desire of gain which part of the houses of the inhabitants. At a trace on a Map of the United States, which so frequently induces them to quit their native short distance from the town is a spot renderhe produced, the routes of the Canals formed hills and valleys in quest of foreign adventure, ed interesting by tradition as the scene of the or surveyed to connect the Valley of the Mis the Swiss are remarkable for attachment to massacre of six thousand soldiers, called the sissippi with the Atlantic. The Dean of Win their country; and after a life spent in hard. Theban legion, by order of Maximian, for their chester" was eager in his inquiries about Ame- ship and toil, they rarely fail to return with stubborn adherence to the Christian faith. rica, and snatching up bis pen, began to note

their hard-earned gains to pass the evening of The abbey of St. Maurice, which yet exists, down my replies. “ Where could he find the their existence in their native canton. There was founded in commemoration of the supposed best account of the United States of the state are few who do not die there. The secret and event, by Sigismund King of Burgundy, as a of society-who had written the best history?" powerful impulse that sends them abroad to catholic atonement for the crimes of frairicide,

After hearing a large number of preachers, seek their fortune, never fails to reunite them and the murder of half his family. Mr. Wheaton concludes that English sermořs at last. Even when absent from their homes Near St. Maurice is the celebrated valley of evince a very defective theological education. for years, their earlier recollections are liable Chamouni, which, with Mont Blanc and its He represents them as possessing very little to be awakened by the most minute circum-glaciers, and the still more wonderful Mer de impressiveness in their composition or delivery. stance. In the French armies, the air of the Glace, are the most surprising natural curiosiThe clergy have literature enough, but a prac “Rans des Vaches," sung by the Swiss cow ties ever witnessed in this or in any other tical sermon is of rare occurrence. This is a herds and milk-maids, was forbidden to be country. general statement, to which he found several played; the recollections of home which the This extraordinary valley, strange as it may individual exceptions.

music created melting the hardy Swiss sol appear, was wholly unknown to the inhabitants Mr. Wheaton cautions his countrymen dier to tears, and invariably producing de of the country till the year 1741, when it was against the habit of feeing servants, lest they sertion.

discovered by two adventurous English travelshould render them as shameless in their ex Pasturage is the chief produce of a Swiss lers, who explored the valley, ascended the tortions as they are in England, of which he farm. Early in the summer the cattle leave Montanvert to the Mer de Glace, penetrating gives many disgraceful examples, froin the the valleys, and are conducted by the cowherds those recesses where the human voice was University printers to the lowest inenials and to the accessible parts of the mountains, while never before heard, and treading the paths bestreet scrapers.

as the snow disappears, they gradually ascend, fore upvisited, except by the chamois and by He pays the following testimony to the good thus following the productions of nature which the goat of the rocks. It was a singular infeelings which exist towards this country: are continually springing to life as they pro stance of enterprise, and it deserves to be re

“In bidding adieu to this country of my ceed. Those who have the care of the cows corded, that although within eighteen leagues forefathers, where I have passed the greatest generally account to the owners for the pro- of the city of Geneva, it was reserved for the part of a year, I should not do justice to my ceeds, or pay a certain sum for what they can adventure and courage of Englishmen to disfeelings, were I to withhold my testimony to make. A considerable number of swine are close to the world the hidden wonders of the the long established character of its inhabitants supported by the herds of cows, and thus form Alps. An immense block of granite on the for cordial hospitality; and, to what seems yet another sonrce of profit. Scheucher describes, Montanvert, on which the adventurous travela matter of doubt with many of my country. 1 in his“ Journey to the Alps," the different pro- lers dined, is called, to this day, la pierre des men, the manifestation of none but kind feel. ductions which the mountaineers make from Anglais." Mons. de Saussure some years afings towards the American people. With re the milk, which constitute their chief luxuries. terwards visited the valley, and was the first to gard to the latter, I have scarcely met with a The greatest harmony prevails between the ascend the Mont Blanc. His great work on single instance to shake my belief, that the cow-keeper and his herd; indeed they may be the Alps rendered the country so famous that mass of the English population view their de. considered as one family. He conducts them thousands of travellers flocked from all counscendants in the United States with a feeling from pasture to pasture, erecting his temporary tries to see this hitherto unknown and wonderof friendliness, which they entertain for the habitation at each resting place, and thus they ful territory; and it is now become a regular people of no other nation ; and I can say with pass their lives in constant migration, until the summer lounge for half the idle tourists of truth, that the attentions I have received from commencement of the winter obliges them to Europe. the great variety of persons to whom I have retire into the valleys. Round the necks of The valley of Chamouni is about a mile been introduced, have in no instance been less the cows are attached bells, which are made wide. The base of Mont Blanc forms its than I had reason to expect from liberal and to harmonise with the Rans des Vaches, the southern wall, and Mont Bremen, followed by enlightened men, and often far more than equal constant strain of their keepers. The bells a long chain of bills, is on the opposite side. to the just claims of an obscure foreigner.” are of different sizes, and the merit of each in. The first view on entering the valley is

Morning Journal. dividual cow is distinguished by the size and unique and wonderful. The monarch of moun.

tone of her bell; indeed it is affirmed, that if tains on the one side, raising his majestic head, by any accident the most meritorious cow (she and overlooking the world, whose successive

who wears the bell) has forfeited her rank, and ages and changes he has quietly witnessed; ST. MAURICE.

the insignia are transferred to another, all the the gloomy forests that clothe the base, partTHERE is an air, which oft among the rocks jealous and angry feelings are exhibited, which ly borne down and intersected by immense

Of his own native land, at evening hour, a deprivation of honours might be expected to glaciers, which slowly but irresistibly force 1s heard, when shepherds homeward pipe their occasion among mankind. In the Pays de their way from the accumulated pressure of flocks. Vaud, however, no herds of cattle are seen

snow,

and seem, like a skirting drapery to the Oh, every note of it would thrill his mind grazing, and thus one picturesque feature in mountain, of dazzling whiteness; the bursting With tenderest thoughts, and bring around his the country is lost. The farmers of that dis torrents which force their way through imknees

trict know better than to allow them to ramble mense fragments of other worlds; and the conThe rosy children whom he left behind, over their rich pastures, destroying as much as trast which these sublime monuments afford to And fill each little angel eye

they consume; but keep them in sheds, and the beautiful and verdant clothing of the smilWith speaking lears, that ask him why supply them with food cut for them without ing valley are all justly calculated to inspire He wander'd from his hut to scenes like these. I waste.

the mind with the most vivid and lofty concep

tion of the works of that great Architect, in A self-taught man.-In looking over the M. Chabert, the fire eater,--the comparison with which all efforts of human list of new publications in the last North Ame: Prussic acid drinker,-the man who skill betray their feeble origin and sink into in rican Review, our eye rested on the following significance. The tourist who would wish to in the division, Astronomy.

goes into an oven with a beef-steak, view Mont Blanc in all its grandeur, must as. “ Mecanique Celeste. By the Marquis de and stays till it is cooked :—this man, cend Mont Bremen on the opposite side. He la Place. Translated with a Commentary, by upon whom all the ordinary modes of will then, standing at about half the elevation Nathaniel Bowditch. pp. 746.”

killing have been proved to be ineffecof Mont Blanc, be fully impressed with the Now then, we said to ourselves, the fruits of magnitude of the greatest mountain in Europe. many years of solitary application are exhibit- tual—has challenged the editor of the By looking upwards from the valley it scarcelyed to the world. Now there exists an endur. Lancet to "give him the satisfaction seems higher than its compeers, but from ing monument of how much genius can effect, which is due to a gentleman.”—This Mont Bremen ils superiority becomes awfully in the midst of difficulties, and ugaided by the is one of the most unreasonable reconspicuous. cheering voice of encouragement.

quests we have ever heard of. How (To be concluded.)

There yet live many whose memories can carry them back to the time, when Nathaniel can any body know what would satisfy

.Bowditch was a clerk in the store of a Ship such a man. Suppose you were to Amusing Anecdote of the Court of Strelitz.-- | Chandler, in the town of Salem, in Massachu. run him through the body, it might A singular and ludicrous anecdote occurred to setts. They can remember how diligently he do him no harm: if you were to shoot me at that court, which I cannot forbear relat- then improved every hour, constantly employ: him through the head, he would laugh ing as a testimonial of the hospitality and kind- ing himself with a book or a pencil, when ness of the late Duke of Mecklenberg Strelitz there was no occasion for his services at the at you—and even if you were to take -a prince who was beloved and respected not counter. They can trace his progress from the course prescribed by somebody only by his subjects

, but by all who knew him; that station to the responsible trust of a Super who was not a good shot, to his chalEnglish visiters and residents in his states. I honourable office of President of an Insurance should sit on a keg of powder, each

cargo on board of an East Indiaman; to the lenger who was,—that is, that both had ordered myself, on arriving very late at night in the town, to be driven to the inn; zeal which never abated in the pursuit of with a lighted match, and that the but being sound asleep in my carriage with my knowledge : lo his acquisition of the Latin | point should be, which should set it aids-de-camp, on entering the gates, my chas- and French and Italian languages, that he off first-even is such a course were seurs and orderly from the box showed my might extend his researches, in that branch of taken in despair, a sleight-of-hand passports. I was not aware that orders had the science, for which his mind always discobeen sent from the palace to the guard-house vered an intuitive aptitude. They can call to

man, like M.Chabert, would know how to send my cortege to the reigning duke's bro mind the gratification they experienced, when to direct his course through the air to ther's house in the town. On alighting, I Foreign Academies received him as a worthy his own advantage. found myself shown into magnificent apart brother, and the Universities of our own coun. ments, lighted up, with numerous servants, try admitted him to their fellowship. There

The offence was given by the editor and with a grand couvert laid for supper. - are thousands now who render to him a will of the Lancet having brought Prussic Congratulating myself with my companions ing tribute of gratitude and respect for the acid of his own making to M. Chabert, on our capital inn, we proceeded to call about efficient aid he has rendered to the cause of who declined taking it, no doubt for us, ordering and making free precisely as if in improvement, in organising the Mechanic's good reasons-upon which there was lent; more and more were ordered up; a pro ing its Atheneum, and in giving a new im. a most unreasonable attack upon him vision directed to be laid aside to carry forward pulse to the energies of its neighbouring Uni- in the Lancet. or the next day's march; in short, we all went versity. And there are many who hold him to bed in the sweetest delirium. But the con in their affections, for those excellencies of In becoming sovereign Prince of sternation that followed the next morning was character, of which we cannot speak, without Greece, Leopold is to cease to be the appalling: when awaking, I was informed that intrusion on the sacredness of private life. pensioner of England. By the marriage the Duke's brother was in the ante.room, wait The work of which Mr. Bowditch has now ing to know “Si son excellence etoit content published a translation is known to the learn.

contract he was to receive £50,000 a de sa reception?” The ridicule attached to ed every where: the translation has been year during life, instead of which he is me for this anecdote did not leave me during made in the hours usually given to repose. to be paid at once £750,000, equal to the few very happy days I spent at the delightful We have drawn this hasty sketch in the hope nearly four millions of dollars. palace of the Duke of Mecklenberg, at Stre. that the example would stimulate some to litz, and in the most enchanting society that enter on that course of honourable exertion, The civil disabilities of the Jews then embellished it.- Marquess of Londonder. which is open to all by our free institutions, are likely to be removed in Great ry's Narrative of the War in Germany and and of which the reward is sure and enduring. Britain, for it is said that although France in 1813, and 1814. -Detroit Journal.

Lord Wellington refuses to make their Lord Byron's Works.- At a trade sale Punctuality.-One has only to attend a removal a government question, he will amongst other things submitted for sale were meeting of a London committee, to appreciate not oppose it. the copyrights of 65 of Lord Byron's poems. the advantages of punctuality and method, in Mr. Hanson, (one of Lord Byron's executors,) the transaction of business. Almost while the In the Philadelphian of April 9, the and the great publishers, Mr. Murray and clock is striking, the members enter and take Rev. editor (Dr. Ély,) has published a! Messrs. Colburn and Bentley, were present. their seats ; the business of the meeting is en: spirited “dialogue between Col. JohnUpon the lot being put up, Mr. Murray was tered upon at once; every thing else is exthe first bidder, at 500 guineas. The bidding cluded; there is no rambling conversation, on

son, of Kentucky, and not a few of his went on smartly till it amounted to the sum of irrelevant subjects; and the meeting is dis- fellow citizens.” We do not mean to 3,700 guineas, when it was knocked down to solved, the moment the business is despatched. have any part in the controversy, but Mr. Murray. At this moment Messrs. Col. burn and Bentley claimed the purchase, and much altercation ensued, when the room be boxes came into general use, Brummell was

Brummell.—Before the Laurence Kirk snuff may venture an opinion that this is one

of the best pieces on its side. The came in a state of complete confusion, Mr.

exhibiting one of singular delicacy at the table parties to the conversation are Col, Murray contending, on the one hand, that it of the Duke of R., when a nobleman in com Johnson--Petitioners-All--Roman was his, and Messrs. Colburn and Bentley, on pany, baffled by the ingenuity of the hinge, Catholics—Sabbatarians–Lord's Day the other hand, that it was theirs. It was a took up a gilt dessert knife to assist him in very considerable time before Mr. Colburn

Advocates-Infidels--Universalists.opening the box.

“ Your Lordship will pleaso could obtain a hearing, when he submitted the to observe," said Brummell mildly, " that it is

Socinians-Formalists-Hypocritescase to the company. He stated that the aucnot an oyster.”—

Editor-Patriots-_-Night Walkers tioneer had had unlimited authority to go on

Atheists--Christians--Sons of the bidding for himself and Mr. Bentley, until he

Literary Port Folio. should be desired to stop; which the auctioneer

Pilgrims-- Protestants of Germany admitted. Messrs. Colburn and Bentley, at

-Irish Catholics_Casuists—the Pi.

NOTES ON THE PAST WEEK. the same time very handsomely gave the purchase up to Mr. Murray, which information

The National Gazette contains a rewas received by the company in terms of ac view of “ Sketches of the History of

Monday.-Late intelligence from clamation. The business of the day then pro

TwoLiterature,” by Wilkins Tannehill,

France has been received. ceeded. The copyright of " Don Juan," was the next lot sold, which was bought in by the Esq. of Nashville, a gentleman whose thirds of the House of Deputies are

in opposition to the government. executors of Lord Byron for 300 guineas. literary attainments are creditable to the state in which he lives.

It is said that a dispute exists in

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Paris concerning the name to be given | tended for others has been visited on himself; | Review. How awful was the transition from to Algiers after it shall have been and he has probably paid the penalty of a life this most elevated evidence of life, to the chilltaken.

of criine, in which murder and robbery per- ing certainty of death.- City Gaz.

haps have been often committed. His account The English ministry have very with offended heaven. is closed with this earth; he has gone to settle

Departed this life at Georgetown, Delaware, large majorities in both houses.

on the 1st inst. in the 72d year of his age, A Scotchman, in Edinburgh, slipped off the

the Hon. Nicholas RIDGELY Chancellor of roof of a habitation sixteen stories high; and

the State of Delaware. Varieties.

he arrived at a lodger looking out at the win the discharge of his official functions in the The New York Evening Post gives part of a dow of the eighth floor, to whom (as he was an

Court of Chancery, and in a short time after letter recently received from Canton, in In- acquaintance) he observed, “ ch, Sandy, man, of the same day, was taken suddenly ill, and

the adjournment of the Court in the afternoon diana, the writer of which thinks the Garden

sic a fa' as I shall hue !" of Eden was situated in that western region.

almost immediately expired. For nearly thir“Canton," says the letter, “is situated on a

ty years he had most faithfully and honourahigh bottom land, surrounded with bluffs. On An axe and a hatchet manufactured in Chambly filled the first judicial office in the gift of this high bottom are a number of mounds, bersburg, have been presented to the Presi his native state. Endowed with great discriwhich were no doubt made by man, and pro

dent. "Poor old soul!” sorrowfully ejaculated mination of mind, of indefatigable industry, of bably before the flood. They are from six to a sympathetic housekeeper, “ I wonder where unsullied integrity of character, and high in fifteen feet high, and are full of human bones, he will put all these things they give him." the confidence of his fellow citizens, he was which are found to be a great deal larger than They would certainly make a general assort enabled to exercise the paternal authority of those of the present race of men. I come to ment if all were put into the same place. his station, with great reputation to himself the opinion that this country was inhabited

and benefit to the suitors of his Court. The before the flood-first, because these human Some printers in London are preparing an widow and the Orphan ever found in him a bones are the largest in the world, and man, it edition of Paradise Lost, in letters of gold. vigilant and unwearied protector from fraud is known, decreased in stature as his years

We value the book too highly to have a copy and oppression, and all men felt that the were shortened ; secondly, because the wood of such an edition, which we could not read. Chancery Powers of the State were vested in found in digging wells, &c. at a depth of 30

an honest, intelligent and upright Judge. In fect under the surface of the earth, shows evi A society has been formed at laris for the all the relations of life his deportment was dig. dently that it has been cut with an axe, and publication of cheap treatises, similar to the nified, kind and winning. iron tools are also found, of the use and mode Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge In private life he was remarkable for the of“making which the Indians were ignorant

in England It is called the Encyclopedie affability as well as candour of his manner. until the whites came among them; and lastly, Union, and embraces amongst its members The friendships which he formed were lasting. because there is no other country that answers nearly all the distinguished lovers of freedom He was the tried, and unwavering friend of the description given in Genesis of the four and promoters of instruction in France. Its those whose intimacy he cultivated, and his long rivers, as this country does. This, I proposed publications will amount to 300 vo. counsel and assistance by those he regarded think, is Paradise, and that somewhere in the luines, divided into three series, each volume were never sought in vain. western country our first parents were created. selling at 2 francs or 20 pence.

Throughout his long life he was the uni. The ark going eastward forty days, took Noah

form enemy of immorality, whether it was to to Ararat; and it is natural to suppose he

be encountered in public or private life. The would give to the rivers the same names that

cause of good morals, virtue and religion ever were familiar to him before the flood; or he

Charleston, S. C. March 30, 1830. found in him a fearless and steady supporter. might not have known but that he was in some It is with deep regret we have to communi. In the belief and profession of the Protestant other part of the same country. It is probable cale the death of STEPHEN Elliott, Esq of Episcopal Church he lived and died—by all that the Euphrates was the Mississippi." The our city. He died suddenly, between the

who knew him lamented, a public and private writer concludes by saying that he has many hours of 9 and 10 on Sunday night last. His loss, he has sunk to his rest. May his mantle more reasons, but no time to urge them. If life had been one of public usefulness and ho fall on some worthy successor ! - Am. Daily those which he has already adduced fail to con

It had been devoted to the promotion
Ado.

B. vince, he need scarcely hope, by additional of all beneficial works among us. To the esones, to remove the stubborn incredulity of tablishment of our colleges, in one of which he mankind.

was a Professor, and in the other a Trustee MUSEUM OF FOREIGN LITERATURE
and Director—to the encouragement of the

AND SCIENCE, No. 94,
Mauch Chunk, April 8.

arts and General Literature-to the cultiva.
The rumbling noise of the railway cars, and
tion of the infant Sciences. He was the

For April, 1830. the flash of their swiftly revolving wheels in founder and Editor of the Southern Revier, a

work which ranks second to none of its kind the suplight, as they whirl down from the mine,

Plate.-Condemnation of Anne Boleyn. The Wishing. loaded with glittering wealth; the thumping, in this country, and holds an honourable sta

Gate. The First Grey Hair. Sir Humphry Dary, Bart. banging, whanging, and rattling of hammers, tion among those of Europe. He was reputa

Country Clergymen. Boyhood. Biographical Meinoir

of M. Corvisart. North American Forest Scenes. The chains, planks, and boards, in the boat-shed; bly known as the author of the Botany of the cheerful horn of the tow path boy, together science, comprised in two largo volumes. South Carolina, a work of authority in that Prodigal's Vow. Arnott's Physics. The Moonbeam.

The Ancient Roads of the Peruvians. Salgues on Rep. with a thousand other things which we have

tations. Pilgrimage to Mekka and Medina. Accounter not time to mention, afford positive evidence Among the most active in the establishment Casper Hauser. Preservation of Firemen exposed to ihal our navigation has commenced, and are

of our Academy of Fine Arts and Philosophical Flames. Rev. Isaac Taylor. Hymn. Cottage Poetry. certain harbingers of a busy season. Society, President of the Bank of the State,

Once upon a Time. Miscellany. Literary Intelligence. and a coadjutor and most generally a principal

in every project tending to the furtherance of Port Gibson, (Miss.) March 20. learning and general good in our community, THE LITERARY PORT FOLIO. An awful occurrence, and one which affords his life was occupied in labours less beneficial

It is intended that this journal shall contain such a an unerring index to the ultimate end of vice, to himself, than to his specios.

variety of matter as may make it acceptable to ladies as took place at Chittaloosa, on Wednesday night Mr. Elliott, we understand, was in his 58th

well as to gentlemen; to the young as well as to the old.

While we shall take care that nothing be admitted which last. A robber, in attempting to enter the year at the time of his death. His manners would render the work untit for any of these classes, we store of Messrs. C. and A. Haring, received a were gentle and inviting-his temper singu shall endeavour to procure for it sufficient ability to enstab in the breast from Mr. A. Haring, who was larly mild and persuasive. His mind was of a

title it to the attention of all of them. To these ends we

have seeured an abundant supply of all foreign and doin the store, and died in a few minutes. He cheerful and healthy character-his learning mestic journals and new books-and we ask the assist had loosened the window shutter, raised the great-his disposition to acquire it, greater. ance of all who are qualified to instruct or amuse the sash, and extended his body half into the store, For one who knew so much-whose own re

public. Upon this assistance we depend in a great deand was in the act of turning round a desk to sources of thought, were so vast and compre

gree for our hopes of success, for however the abundant

stores to which we have access, may enable us to supply rifle it of its contents, when he received the hensive, he was peculiarly modest and retir matter highly interesting to our readers, we think it of blow. lle instantly fled, but fell dead after ing. Not so deeply imbued with science, but

even more importance to give them something peculiarly

adapted to the present time and circumstances; some. running about twenty paces. He is a stran. that he could enjoy the luxuries and refine

thing from home. ger, probably from the upper country, and bad ments of General Literature, his inquiries nothing with bim by which his name could be were nevertheless deep and satisfactory. He

Communications should be addressed to “ E. Littell for discovered. He was armed with a loaded pis. was a student-an earnest and devoted stu.

the Literary Port Folio," -and subscriptions will be tol, which was stuck in a handkerchief lied dent to the latest hour of his existence. At thankfully received by E. Littell & Brother, corner of

Chestnut and Seventh streets, Philadelphia. round the outside of his dress; and in his pock- the time that he lay in death, in his study

Subscriptions are also received by Thomas C. Clarke, et was a bunch of keys, of different sizes and his writings were scarcely dry. But a few N.W. corner of Chestnut and Seventh streets. forins. He evidently intended to effect his hours before that melancholy event he had object even at the price of blood; but by the been engaged in the preparation of an article

Wantedto solicit subscriptions for this work, a suitabla decreo of a just Providence, that which was in for the forth-coming number of the Southern ' pci son. Apply to E. Littelle Brother.

nour.

CONTENTS.

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