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OCEAN.

THE LATE DUEL.

Cobbett were ashamed to scoff. Lord Byron FIVE DOLLARS REWARD.

alone found food for merriment, and, in one We are requested by a subscriber to offer a From the subjoined official document, it will of those poems which criticism is stigmatized reward of five dollars for an intelligible explabe perceived that all the naval officers con

for condemning, because their author is no nation of the following lines, cut from a councerved in the recent murderous duel, have

more, sneered at him as the “carotid-artery- try paper. The poem from which they are been dismissed the service of the United States, cutting Castlereagh.” We are not disposed to extracted is entitled “ Light and Sound." The Our vencrable and paternal President has acted justify Hunt for revealing the vices of one

author of course is not to be allowed to exon this occasion with the energy, decision, and correct moral perception which characterizes and from whom he had received favours; but

who was for a time his intimate companion, plain.-N. Y. Com. Add. him. The influence of this example will be when held up to contempt by Byron's admiring O'er field of waves from shrubless beach, felt throughout the nation. Not only has pub- biographer, as a malignant reviler of the dead, lic justice in the particular case been vindi. the line that we have just quoted might have

While idlers judge“ the sail,”. cated, at least so far as the government of the served him as an effectual retort.

Some anxious eyes intently reach

To fall at answer'd hail ! Union can reach the culprits, but a beacon has

Byron yet lives in his works; of which no been held up to future offenders, warning them, one, expecting to be read in decent society, Then ocean's swell is up! Wild flies that ruin and disgrace are the inevitable con will venture to say that a large portion has

The scar'd gull's meaning scream, sequences of such criminality. In pursuing not been written in absolute scorn of all that That watery world adventure pliess

, the course he has adopted in this instance, the world holds sacred. While his name re

Qutvieth fancy's dream. President Jackson has shown that he properly tains its popularity, it is the critic's duty to appreciates his constitutional obligation to see

My Early Days-An Extract.—Having arthe laws faithfully executed; and that those speak with as much freedom of his character as of his productions.

rived at what was considered a suitable age, I who violate them need expect nothing from him but strict and inflexible justice. The

made my appearance with eighty-two others at LIEUTENANT LUFF.

Cambridge, as a candidate for admission to the prompt and unequivocal manner in which the amiable and excellent eitizen at the head of All you that are fond of wine,

literary arena. In the course of my examinathe Naval Department has submitted this mat. Or any other stuff,

tion in Greek, which branch was conducted by ter to the President, entitles him to the grate Take warning by the dismal fate

the professor of theology, with his usual abiliful regard and esteem of an injured commu Of one Lieutenant Luff.

ty, I came to the phrase, in Anacreon, “ ugron nity. - American Sentinel.

A sober man he might have been

udor," which I translated moisture, but the (copy.) Except in one regard

learned professor immediately corrected me Nady Department, March 30th, 1830. He did not like soft water,

by substituting " wet water." I felt a strong Sir,-It has been proved to my satisfaction,

So he look to drinking hard.

inclination to ask if the astute professor's re

searches in antiquity had made him acquainted that Lieutenants EDMUND BYRNE, and Hamp Said he, let others fancy slops,

with any species of water that was not wet; TON WESTCOTT, passed Midshipman Charles And talk in praise of tea,

but checked myself, and was passed to the proH. DURYEE, and Midshipman CHARLES G. But I am no Bohemian,

fessor of mathematics, who asked me abruptly, Hunter, of the Navy of the United States, So do not like Bohea

how much is twice two? to wbich I answered, yere recently concerned in a duel, which If wine's a poison so is tea,

after some hesitation,“ four." Question second look place between the last named officer and Though in another shape ;

followed like a flash of lightning,“ how do you William MILLER, jr. of Philadelphia, which What matter whether one is killed prove that?” This was what cockneys call resulted fatally to ihe latter. I respectfully By canister or grape ?

* a settler." After pondering some time, ! recommend to you, that the names of the said

According to this kind of taste

was obliged to "give it up," and was told, that officers, EDMUND BYRNE, HAMPTON WESTCOTT,

Did he indulge his drouth,

“twice two made four by the repeated addiCHARLES H. DURYEE, and Charles G. Hun.

And being fond of port, he made

tion of one!" Upon hearing this unexpected TER, be erased from the list of officers of the

A port-hole of his mouth!

elucidation of one of the mysteries of matheNavy of the United States.

A single pint he might have sipped,

matics, I felt an embryo grin distorting the I am, very respectfully, &c.

And not been out of sorts;

muscles of my countenance. If, however, I Joun BRANCH. In geologic phrase, the rock

was startled by the new ideas I had received To the President of the United States.

He split upon was quartz.

in the outset, I was again sorely puzzled at Let the above named officers of the Navy be

To “ hold the mirror up to vice"

some of the recitations. While the class were stricken from the Roll.

With him was hard, alas!

struggling through the Abbe Millot's UniverANDREW JACKSON. The worse for wine he often was,

sal History, the tutor asked one day, “ did March 31st, 1830.

But not "before a glass !"

Cato die?" to which the student, after hastily No kind and prudent friend he had

counting the centuries that had elapsed sinco CASTLEREAGH AND BYRON.

To bid him drink no more;

the time of Julius Cæsar, and finding it [From the Daily Chronicle.) The only chequers in his course

amounted to about nineteen, answered boldly, Were at a lavern door!

"yes, sir,” taking it for granted that such a The political character and conduct of the

staunch friend of republics as Cato, would, if late Marquess of Londonderry, during the long

Full soon the sad effects of this

he were alive, have emigrated to the United period through which he was a leading mem

His frame began to show,

States, and taken an active part in politics ; ber of the British government, were constant.

For that old enemy the gout

but it seems he was “clean wrong," for the ly attacked, both in and out of Parliament,

Had taken him in toe,

profound and accurate tutor immediately inwith unrelenting severity. Perhaps no states And joined with this an evil came

terrupted him with “no he did not, he killed man, in any country, ever combated more un. Of quite another sort,

himself.” relenting antagonists. Yet, during his life, For while he drank, himself his purse , and while the animosity of his assailants was Was getting "something short.”

EARLY PRINTING IN THE UNITED naturally exacerbated by his steady and suc. For want of cash he soon had pawned

STATES. cessful defiance, the purity of his private life One half that he possessed, shielded him from personal reproach. In the And drinking showed him duplicates The first printing press in North America House of Commons, where he spoke more fre Beforehand of the rest.

was set up in 1639, by Stephen Day, at Cam. quently than almost any other man (perhaps So now his creditors resolved

bridge, in Massachusetts. Fox is the only exception) who ever sat there, To seize on his assets,

In 1687, printing was begun near Philadelthe most zealous of the opposition bore fre For why, they found that his half pay

phia, by William Bradford. quent lestimony to the excellence of his tem

Did not half pay his debts.

The Boston News Letter," a weekly paper, per and the courtesy of his deportment. Mr. Whitbread, displaying on all occasions, an ab

But Luff contrived a novel inode

was the first newspaper printed in the United solute detestation of his political system, once

His creditors to chouse,

Slates. It was published at Boston, by Bar

tholomew Green, in the year 1704. This

For his own execution he gravely complained to the Speaker and the House, that it was impossible to assail the

Put into his own house!

paper was continued by Green and his succes. minister in such terms as justice called for, so

A pistol to the muzzle charged,

sors, until 1776, when the British evacuated

Boston. uniformly winning was his personal conduct.

He took devoid of fear,

On the 21st December, 1719, the first numEven fiercer enemies were silenced by his me

Said he,“ this barrel is my last,

ber of the “ Boston Gazette" was published at lancholy death. His mind broke down under

So now for my last bier.

Boston, by John Franklin. the cares and toils of a most embarrassing and Against his lungs he aimed the slugs, On the 20 of December, 1719, the first laborious post, and the horrors of a diseased And not against his brain;

number of the “ American Weekly Mercury" imagination drove him to suicide.

So he blew out his lights, and none was published at · Philadelphia, by Andrew His public life was of course reviewed by Could blow them in again!

Bradford. writers of all parties, and scanned with becom A jury for the verdict met,

In 1721, tho « New England Courant" was ing freedom; but even they who censured with And gave it in these terins

begun, at Boston, by James Franklin, the bromost asperity lamented the calamity which “ We find as how as certain slugs

ther of Dr. Franklin. This was the fourth had lcd to his dreadful end. Even Hunt and Has sent him to the worms."

paper published in North America,

BY THOMAS PRIXGLE.

In 1725, the “ New York Gazette" was established in the city of New York, by William Bradford.

In 1726, the first printing was done in Vir. ginia by William Parks.

In 1728, the “Universal Instructor in all Arts and Sciences, and Pennsylvania Gazette," was printed at Philadelphia, being the second paper in this state.

It survived until 1823 or 1824, and was then the oldest paper in this Union.

In 1730, Thomas Whitmarsh published a newspaper at Charleston, being the first in either of the Carolinas.

In November, 1733, the first number of the " New York Weekly Journal” was published by John Peter Zenges. It was encouraged by the citizens of New York, as a medium through which they might publish strictures on the government. Zenges was shortly afterwards imprisoned, under a warrant from the Governor and Council, for 35 weeks. Andrew Hamilton, an eininent lawyer of Philadelphia, defended him, and he was acquitted.

In 1740, a printing office was established at Annapolis, in Maryland, by Jonas Green.

On the 1st of January, 1741, the first pumber of the “ General Magazine and Historical Chronicle," was published at. Philadelphia, by Dr. Franklin. This was the first literary journal published in the United States.

The '“ American Magazine and Historical Chronicle” was first published at Boston, 1743, by Rogers & Fowle, being only twelve years after the commencement of the Gentleman's Magazine, the first similar publication in London,

In 1755, the “ Connecticut Gazette,” the first newspaper in that stale, was published at New Haven. In the same year, James Davis published, at Newbern, the first newspaper in North Carolina.

In 1756, the “New Hampshire Gazette" was commenced at Portsmouth, by Daniel Fowle: this paper still survives, and is the oldest now published in New England.

In 1762, the “ Providence Gazette" was published in Rhode Island ; and in the same year, a German newspaper,

« Der Wochentliche Philadelphische Staatsbote," was published in Philadelphia.

In 1763, the “ Georgia Gazette," the first newspaper printed in that state, was published at Savannah, by James Johnston: this was the only newspaper publislied in Georgia before the revolution.

The“ Pittsburgh Gazette" was first published, on the 29th of July, 1786, by John Scull, and was the first paper printed west of the Alleghany mountains.

The “ Kentucky Gazette" was commenced, by Mr. Bradford, in the beginning of 1787, and was the second paper west of the mountains.

The first printing press north of the Ohio river, was set up in Cincinnati, in 1793.

Fingers now beneath the mould,

The birds that hail the break of day, (Wo is me!) grown icy cold.

The fragrance of the new Inown hay,
One dear hand hath smooth'd them too,

The beauties of the varied flowers,
Since they lost the sunny hue,

Shining o'er all the beds and bowers,
Since their bright abundance fell

All tend to raise my thoughts to Thee :
Under the destroying spell.

How grateful, Lord, I ought to be!
One dear hand! the tenderest
Ever nurse-child rock'd to rest,

" And when my daily task is done,
Ever wiped away its tears.

While gazing on the setting Sun,
Even those of later years

As its mild radiance fades away,
From a cheek untimely hollow,

Hope lingers on its parting ray;
Bitter drops that still may follow,

Hope and reliance that to cheer
Where's the hand will wipe away?

From day to day, from year to year,
Hers I kiss'd--(Ah! dismal day,).

The morrow shall its rising see;
Pale as on the shroud it lay.

How grateful, Lord, I ought to be!
Then, methought, youth's latest gleam

"O, may I not presumptuous secm,
Departed from me like a dream

Attempting too sublime a theme,
Still, though lost their sunny tone,

But may 1, like the obedient Sun,
Glossy brown these tresses shone,

My earthly course of duty done,
Here and there, in wave and ring

Sink gently into life's decline,
Golden threads still glittering ;
And (from band and bodkin free)

And every thought be wholly thine!

That I dare hope to rise with Theo,
Still they flow'd luxuriantly.

How grateful, Lord, I ought to be!
Careful days, and wakeful nights,
Early trench'd on young delights.

HYMN.
Then of ills, an endless train,
Wasting languor, wearying pain,

Our God, our Father, hear.
Fev'rish thought that racks the brain,
Crowding all on summer's prime,
Made me old before my time.

When morn awakes our hearts,

To pour the matin prayer;
So a dull, unlovely hue

When toil-worn day departs,
O'er the sunny tresses grew,

And gives a pause to care;
Tbinn'd their rich abundance too,

When those our souls love best
Not a thread of golden light,

Kneel with us, in thy fear,
In the sunshine glancing bright.

To ask thy peace and rest

Our God, our Father, hear!
Now again, a shining streak
'Gins the dusky cloud to break ;-

When worldly snares without,
Here and there a glittering thread

And evil thoughts within,
Lights the ringlets, dark and dead, -

Of grace would raise a doubt,
Glittering light !-but pale and cold-

Or lure us back to sin;
Glittering thread !—but not of gold.

When human strength proves frail,

And will but half sincere:
Silent warning! silvery streak!

When faith begins to fail-
Not unheeded dost thou speak.

Our God, our Father, hear!
Not with feelings light and vain-
Not with fond regretful pain,

When in our cup of mirth
Look I on the token sent

The drop of trembling falls,
To announce the day far spent ;-

And the frail props of earth
Dark and troubled hath it been

Are crumbling round our walls:
Sore misused! and yet between

When back we gaze with grief,
Gracious gleams of peace and grace

And forward glance with fear;
Shining from a better place.

When faileth man's relief

Our God, our Father, hear!
Brighten-brighten, blessed light!

And when Death's awful hand
Fast approach the shades of night,
When they quite enclose me round,

Unbars the gates of Time,
May my lamp be burning found ! C.

Eternity's dim

land
Disclosing, dread, sublime ;

When flesh and spirit quake
COTTAGE POETRY."

Before Thee to appear

Oh, then, for Jesus' sake,
We like the idea of Cottage Poetry, and it

Our God, our Father, hear!
is a kind and benevolent heart only which
could have thought of such a title, or written

Literary Union.—This body has increased to poetry of such a character. The little cheap nearly five hundred members. A portion of collection before us has also many of the cha

the house in Waterloo place is already opened, racteristics which render simple, pastoral poes and regularly attended by the society. The try agreeable, and several of the pieces might objects of the Literary Union are extensive, be said to deserve a better place, could they

and will be of singular utility to all who are have a better than one in which they are to

attached to mental pursuits, or to the company be found by men of pure and humble minds. of literary men and artists. A library, a nuThe following lines will show how gently our

seum, soirées, and branch clubs, are among the cottage poet plays his oaten pipe.

objects contemplated in the scheme, which is “ The labours of the early day

not confined merely to eating, drinking, and With richest gain iny toil repay;

reading newspapers. A little time will deveBcth health and appetite I feel,

lop its objects, and show it to be of the highBest sweeteners of the frugal meal:

est importance to the classes which it more With strength restored, I then renew immediately embraces. Viscount Torrington, My duties and my pleasures too:

John Gibson Lockhart, Esq. T. Barnes, Esq. That duties pleasures are to me,

and Sir George Staunton, Bart. have been How grateful, Lord, I ought to be!

added to the committee.
“ What pare delight, what treasures yield
The grove, the garden, and the field!

Communications should be addressed to " E. Littell for the Literary Port Folio,"--and subscriptions will be

thankfully received by E. Littell & Brother, corner of * By the Author of “ Old Friends in a New Chestnut and Seventh streets, Philadelphia. Dress" To which is added, a Supplement to Subscriptions are also received by Thomas C. Clarke, “ Old Friends in a New Dress," containing

N.W. corner of Chestnut and Seventh streets. twelve addi:jonal fables, London :-Smith,

Wanted-to solicit subscriptions for this work, a suitable Elder, and Co. 1829.

person. Apply to E. Littelló Brother.

ONCE UPON A TIME.
Sunny locks of brightest hue
Once around my temples grew,-
Laugh not, Lady! for 'tis true;
Laugh not, Lady! for with thee
Time may deal despitefully ;
Time, if long he lead thee here,
May subdue that mirthful cheer;
Round those laughing lips and eyes
Time may write sad histories;
Deep indent that even brow,
Change those locks, so sunny now,
To as dark and dull a shade,
As on mine his touch bath laid.
Lady! yes, these locks of mine
Cluster d once, with golden shine,
Temples, neck, and shoulders round,
Richly gubbing if unbound,
If from band and bodkin free,
Half way downward to the knee.
Some there were took fond delight,
Sporting with those tresses briglit,
To enring with living gold

No. 15.

PHILADELPHIA, THURSDAY, APRIL 15,

1830.

Terms.–Published every Thursday by E. Littell & concerning supper and bed—to say nothing of see if there was any private entrance, looked Brother, corner of Chestnut and Seventh Streets, Phila a bottle of good old wine, then to be found in to the priming of his pistols, and then stood delphia. It will contain four handsome engravings every every inn in Ireland. This feat accomplished, prepared to abide by whatever might come, year. Price Two Dollars and a Half a year, payable in away he stalked to his own apartment-jack and to sell his life as dearly as he could. advance,

boots, silver-headed riding-whip, cloak and all The dog watched him intently until his preAgents who procure and forward payment for four sub. - followed close by a terrier dog, who had parations were completed; and then, having seribers, shall receive the fifth copy for one year; and so been lying at the kitchen fire when he came assured himself that his movements were obin proportion for a larger number.

in, but who now kept sniffing and smelling at served by his inaster, le jumped once more

his heels every step of the way up stairs. on the fatal bed; then, after lying down for RED GAP INN. Vse

When he had reached his room, and had an instant, as if in imitation of the usual pos

disencumbered himself of his heavy riding ture of a person composing himself to sleep, I REMEMBER well how strongly my boyish gear, the dog at once leaped upon him with a he suddenly changed his mind, as it were, feelings were excited at reading ihe narrative cry of joy; and he immediately recognised an sprang hastily to the floor, and stood, with of Raymond's escape from the murderous inn old favourite, whom he had lost in Dublin a eyes fixed and ears erect, in an altitude of keeper, in Lewis's romance of “ The Monk.” year or two before; wondering, at the same most intense attention, watching the bed itHis version of the story has nearly faded from time, how he had got so far into the country, self, and nothing else. The traveller, in the my memory; but the circumstances upon which and why he had nut known hin before. mean time, never stirred from the spot, though he founded it are said to have occurred in Ire. When the landlord entered the room with sup. his eyes naturally followed those of the dog; land, and, wild and improbable as they are, per, the traveller claimed his dog, and express and for a time every thing was as still as the you shall have them, verbatim, as they are re ed his determination to bring him on with him grave, and not a stir nor a breath brake the lated upon the spot; and, inoreover, I am not to Cork, whither he was bound. The host stillness of the room, or interrupted the silenco to blame if you think fit to believe them, inas: made not the slightest objection, merely ob- of the mute pair. At last a slight rustling much as I give up my authority—and Lord serving, that he had bought him from a Dublin sound was heard in the direction of the bed: Lyndhurst himself could ask no more. My carrier, who, he supposed, had found him in the dog, with ears cocked and tail slightly informant's name is Catherine Flynn. the streets. That point settled, the traveller moving, looked up at his master, as if to inako

As you go from Kilcullen Bridge to Carlow, dismissed his landlord for the night, with di sure that he was attentive, and in an instant about three miles on your road there stands, rections to cause him to be called betimes in the bed was seen descending swiftly and stealand barely stands, a ruined house. The situa the morning: the nian smiled darkly, and thily through the yawning floor, while a strong tion has nothing particularly striking about it; withdrew.

light flashed upward into the room. Not a sethe country is open and thinly cultivated, and The traveller made himself as comfortable cond was to be lost. The traveller dashed a faint outline of hills is visible in the distance. as he could, with the aid of a good supper and open the window, and leaped into the yard,

Some 70 or 80 years ago, it was a substan a cheerful fire, not forgetting his lost-and-found followed by his faithful companion. Another lial-looking inn: the proprietor was a farmer, companion, until, after some time, finding that moment, and, without giving himself any as well as an innkeeper; and although no par the wine ran low, and that a certain disposi- / trouble on the score of a saddle, he was on the ticular or satisfactory reason could be assigned tion to trace castles and abbeys in the glow back of his horse, as fast a hunter as any in for it, beyond vague and uncertain rumours, ing recesses of the burning turf,* was creep Leinster, and scouring away for life and death he was by no means a favourite with his neighing over him—that is to say, in plain English, on the road to Kilcollen, followed by a train bours. He had little, indeed, of the Boniface catching himself nodding over the fire-he as pitiless as that which hurried from Kirk Alabout him; dark, sullen, and down-looking, he thoughi it best to transfer his somnolency to a loway after poor Tam O'Shanter. never appeared, even to a guest, unless when well-curtained bed that stood invitingly in a You may be sure he spared neither whip, specially called for, much less to a thirsty bro recess of the room.

spur, nor horseflesh; and, thanks to Provither farmer or labourer, passing his heavy, As he proceeded to undress, the anxiety and

dence and a good steed, he reached Kilcullen old-fashioned door, to ask him to taste his agitation of his dog attracted his attention, in safety. The authorities secured the villanhome-brewed ale or usquebaugh; yet the man and at last fairly aroused hiin, sleepy as he was,

ous host and his accomplice sons, and the inwas well to pass in the world, and with the though he could in no way account for it. The furiated peasantry gave the fatal inn and its aid of three or four hulking sons, and a heart animal ran backward and forward from him to bloody secrets to ihe flames. broken drudge of a wife, managed his farm the bed, and as he laid aside each article of -There is the story; and if it be true, I can and his inn, so as to pay his way at fair and clothing, fetched it to him again, with the only say that I wish I knew where I could get market, and “ hold his own," as the saying is, most intelligent and beseeching gestures; and

one of ihe breed of the traveller's terrier, for in the country. For all that, there were those when, to satisfy the poor creature, as well as

love or money. who did not stick to say that more travellers to discover, if possible, what he wanted and went to his inn at night than ever left it in the meant, he resumed some portion of his dress, THE PARTHIAN CONVERT. morning; and one or two who remembered nothing could equal his joy. Strange suspihim in his early days, before he had learned to cions began to flash across the traveller's

1 Tale of the Primitive Christians. mask the evil iraits of his character by sullen-mind; he ran over every circumstance, even ness and reserve, would not have taken the the minutest, which had occurred since he en In the household of Caius Pompeius, a weal. broad lands of the Geraldines of Leinster to tered the inn; and now that his attention was thy Roman tribune of patrician family, was a pass a night in the best bed-room in his house; excited, it did strike him that, after making young and beautiful Parthian slave, named -no, no- they would rather take chance in every allowance for boorishness, and rusticity, Apame, who had recently been presented to the Bog of Allen, for that matter.

and sullenness of temper, there was more of his daughter Lucia Pompeia by one of his cenA severe storm, however, compelled a tra the gaoler than of the innkeeper in the bearing turions, into whose possession she had fallen veller to halt there one evening, although he and deportment of his silent host: he remem towards the close of ihe last campaign against bad originally intended to get further on his bered, too, how heavily the miserable-looking, her country: journey, before he put up for the night. Not baggard wife had sighed, while she looked at Apame abandoned herself to despair-wept that he had any suspicion of the place; on the his own burly figure as he stood by the fire, as incessantly, and refused to perform any of the contrary, he thought it rather a comfortable, though she sorrowed over a victim whom she offices assigned to her by her mistress, whose quiet-looking concern; and, turning from the could not save ; and, lastly, and above all, he sweet and gentle temper prevented her from lowering, inhospitable sky, and wishing the pondered on the ominous smile with which having recourse to any of the violent measures pitiless driving sleet good night, he rode into ihe innkeeper received his directions to be generally resorted to by the laughty and inthe inn-yard, saying in his own mind, " I may awakened early in the morning.

perious Roman ladies, to enforce obedience go further, and fare worse." Now I am of a Meanwhile the indefatigable dog was busied from their refractory slaves. very different opinion.

in pulling off the bed clothes as well as his Pompeia perceived that slavery was a new It was late in the evening, and late in the strength would permit; and when his master and bitter draught to the unhappy Parthian, year-no matter about dates, I am not particu went to his assistance, what was his horror at and compassionately attributing her intractalar. So the traveller (who, being a merciful seeing, beneath clean sheets and well-arranged bility to the recklessness of despair, occasioned man, was merciful to his beast,) having seen blankets, a bed and mattress literally dyed by a sudden and violent wrench from all the his horse fed, and carefully laid up for the with dark-red stains of blood! Though a man fond ties of kindred and of country, she allownight, thought it high time to look after him

of peaceful habits, he knew as little of fear as ed her to indulge unmolested in the first over. self, as to both his outward and inward man.

most people, and the exigency of the moment flowings of a sorrow so natural, and at the Accordingly, throwing his saddle bags over roused every energy of his mind: he delibe same time, so acute. his arm, he walked into the inn-kitchen, in rately locked the door, examined the walls to Had the noble Roman lady been a convert to those days the most comfortable winter apart

that divine religion of universal love and mercy, ment in the house, to thaw himself at the * In most parts of Ireland, poat, or as we which enjoins all those who are influenced by Huge fire, and give the customary mandales call it, turf, is used for fuel.

its spirit to rejoice with those that do rejoice

BY MISS AGNES STRICKLAND.

and to weep with them that weep, she would | fice, which was far from unpleasing to the ac wiser than the wayward child, whom its dehave done more-she would have made herself complished Greek.

ceitful nurse beguiles of its present sorrow, acquainted with the nature of that mortal grief The mild and pleasing manners of Theron with vain promises of fairer toys and more deunder which she saw her slave suffering, and endeared him, in no slight degree, to his amia. licious sweets, than those of which it bewails kindly poured the oil and wine of consolation ble pupil, whose opening mind imbibed with the loss,” said Apame, weeping.“ Deemest into the wounded heart of the forlorn strenger joy ihe principles of the Christian faith, the thou, indeed, that the anguish of a fond and -she would have taken the desolate and af knowledge of which his devout preceptor con faithful wife is to be thus cheated ? I thought flicted one to her bosom, and been to her as a sidered it as his first and most important duty that thou hadst been, like myself, acquainted bister. to inculcate.

with grief; but now I perceive that thou didst But the conduct of the very best and purest None but a Christian in spirit, as well as never know the sickness of the heart, in its among those, to whom the light of the gospel name, can conceive the feelings of holy glad sore yearnings after the dear lost objects of its has never been as a lamp to guide their feet to ness with which the heart of Theron over love." the paths of true holiness, must be of necessity flowed, when he beheld his young and ardent A shade of prevailing sadness, for a moimperfect; for of themselves they are not proselyte kneel for the first time in prayer to ment, clouded the expressive features of the aware, that even a cup of cold water offered to ihe only true God, in the name of his glorified young Greek, as he replied, “Country and a fainting traveller in the spirit of charity, is Redeemer.

friends have been removed from me, and the more acceptable in the sight of God, ihan "Is not this a brand plucked from the burn. cup of love has been dashed from my lips when whole hecatombs of sacrifices and burnt offering?" he mentally exclaimed," and shall I re it flowed the sweetest, and I have proved the ings.

gret the loss of liberty, of country, and of bitterness of exile and bondage in those days, Pompeia was generous, high minded, and friends, when it has pleased my heavenly Fa when I had vainly prepared myself to pluck sweet tempered, and free from all the grosser ther to make me the messenger of salvation to the golden fruits of those hopes, whose deluvices which at that period were so prevailing this sweet boy? And who knoweth whether sive flowers had bloonied so brightly for me; among even the highest orders of Roman fe there be not others in this benighted house, yet have I learned to see the hand of God in inales; but being ignorant of that which who will also receive with joy the glad tidings all this, and to say, “Surely the light afflictions maketh wise unto eternal life, her character which I have been sent from afar to declare of this present time are not to be reckoned in contained a portion of earthly alloy, more than unto them?"

comparison with the eternal weight of glory sufficient to outweigh the sterling gold in its It was not, however, to the proud tribune, that shall be revealed to those that love his composition. Thus is it ever with man in his or to his admired and beautiful daughter, nor name;' and for my own exceeding joy hath he natural unassisted state,

yet to their light-hearted and luxurious house. called me into a strange land, that I might de. " Some flow'rets of Eden he still may inherit,

hold, that Theron in the first instance'applied clare his name to a people that sit in darkness But the trail of the serpent is over them all.”

himself, for well he knew that his heavenly and the shadow of death."

Master was rejected by the rich and power “Thou speakest strange things," said Apame; Young, beautiful, noble, and admired, Pom-ful, while he was received with joy by the “ doth not Mithra reveal his glory to this per. peia was unacquainted with sorrow; and be poor and destitute and sorrow-laden, having verse people, who blindly prefer rendering lieved that enjoyment was the sole end and expressly declared, that he was more peculi- their homage to idols of wood and stone, to his purpose of her existence. She received the arly sent to heal the broken-hearted and to pure and natural worship, as full as brigbtly as unbounded adulation of a flattering world with preach deliverance to the captives.

he doth in mine own fair land, where every pleasure; and bappy herself in the undisturbed Apame was at first inaccessible to his endea face is turned to the east to adore him at his possession of all those blessings from which vours to win her confidence; for, unaccustom. first issuing forth from his golden tabernacles, Apame had been so rudely torn, absorbed ined to the offices of pure and disinterested be- and every head is bowed in reverence at his lije rapturous feelings of conjugal bliss, and nevolence, she mistook the motives that in mighty name, and his sacred fires are burning the first sweet joys of a youthful mother, the duced her fellow captive to address her, on all on every altar?" darling of a fond father, and the pride of affec occasions, in the soothing language of the ten. “ Those fires, that adoration, Apame, are tionate brethren, she had no thoughts beyond derest sympathy. But when at length he suc equally idolatrous with the homage which the the centre of her own delights,-no sympathies ceeded in convincing her that friendship, sim Romans offer to their images of wood and to bestow on her unfortunate slave, whose fate ply friendship, was all he sought of her, and stone," returned Theron; " for every act of appeared more intolerable from the comparison she had relieved her overburdened heart by re worship is alike erring, that is not directed to which she daily drew between her destiny and vealing to him the cause of her excessive af the that of her mistress.

The young Parthian In the family of the tribune were other slaves burst of passionate grief, she told him she was in his meridian splendour, and performed her of various nations, on whom the yoke sat a wife, and though of lowly birth herself, he to accustomed obeisance. lightly; and these, for the most part, led a gay whom she was wedded was a prince among her “ Alas! alas !" said Theron, "that thou and happy life, and when their easy toils were own people, whose love for her had induced shouldest thus transfer to the creature, the hoended, for they were kept almost as much for him to reject even a royal alliance for her sake. mage which is due to the Creator alone. That state as for service, they concluded every day This refusal had so much exasperated his fa- mighty, that refulgent orb, before whose dazwith songs, dances, and games; but they of ther, that during the absence of Salamenes in zling beams thine eye veils itself in darkness, fered not to associate with their unfortunate the defence of his country, he had contrived is but a feeble spark in comparison with the fellow captive in these pleasures—for they had she should be treacherously betrayed into the superior glory of the Almighty Lord of the no desire to alleviate her wo or to be saddened hands of the Romans, by whom she had been universe, who fills heaven and earth, the with her sorrows,--and she was the stricken carried to the imperial city, and placed in her brightness of his presence, which knows no deer of the herd, left by the rest to weep unpi- present lot of bondage, in which it was impos- darkness, nor diminution of its splendour, tied and alone.

sible for her to cherish a hope of ever behold-day and night, morning, noon, and evening, There was, however, one person who looked ing her beloved husband again : and here she are the same with him, for they are the emawith tender compassion on the disconsolate wept more abundantly than before. Nor could nations of his power, and the beautiful effects Parthian, and endeavoured to speak peace to Theron refrain from mingling his tears with of his government." her afflicted spirit; and this was a young | hers, while he bade her be of comfort,-since, " But how will you convince me that Mithra Greek, nained Theron, who, though a slave doubtless, the things that appeared to her so is not the supreme ruler of the universe, whose equally with herself, held a post of no slight bitter, and hard to be borne, were meant for greatness you so eloquently describe ?" asked importance in the family of the tribune; for her eventual happiness.

Apame thoughtfully. he was the preceptor of his youngest son,

Lu. “ How can that be ?" demanded the young « I would in return demand of you," replied cius; his great learning having recommended Parthian, passionately," when I am a wretched Theron,“ how it happens that Mithra, as you him to Pompeius as a proper person to conduct slave, torn from my country and my parents, call the sun, never, on any occasion, deviates the education of this beloved boy, the most and worse, far worse, bereaved of him with from his regular course, hut in all his evolupromising of them all.

whoin even slavery wonld have been sweet tions observes slated times and seasons for his Theron was the son of a Greek philosopher, my lord, my life, my husband, my princely Sa- rising, meridian, and setting ?" to whom the name of Christianity was as fool. lamenes !"

" It is his divine pleasure so to do," replied ishness; but his mother, wiser in her simplici. Theron, like his blessed Master, would not | Apame. ty and singleness of heart than the learned, had press too heavily on a bruised reed, and he pa Say rather," resumed Theron, "that it is been one of St. Paul's convorts, and had care. tiently allowed her long pent up grief to vent the pleasure of a mightier than he, who hath fully instructed her only child in the pure and itself unrepressed: but when in the middle of formed and fitted him for his own especial pur. holy doctrines of that saving faith, through the wild eloquence of her affliction, she ex poses, of which he is a stupendous instrument, which alone salvation is offered to the children claimed, “ Who shall restore to me those worthy indeed of the Almighty power that creof men. After the death of his parents, The things, the loss of which renders my life a bur-ated him, and, having appointed him his place ron had been exposed to many vicissitudes, and den too heavy to be borne?" Ho soothingly among his works, subjected him to certain imbeing at length taken by pirates while on a replied

mutable laws, from which he cannot vary ;voyage to Alexandria, he had by them been " He who hath for his own wise purposes like as a skilful mechanist constructs a masold as a slave ; ond after passing through the permitted them to be removed from thee, chine on principles which enables it to perform bands of a variety of masters, he was finally Apame,,he, even he, can give thee better certain operations, from which it cannot vary." purchased by the tribune Caius Pompeius, and things than those."

“ Your reasoning is forcible," said Apame, appointed by him to the above mentioned of. " Thou dealest with me as though I were no " but still I am not convinced.”

use.

“ Yet seven days,” replied Theron, “and along the neck, on each side, become enlarged | many countries, the food of the robust plough. you shall see the face of your god partially ob. and painful, and if neglected they ulcerate. man and hardy mountaineer, whose spirits are scured, and darkened by the shadow of a meaner Diseases of the skin, whether tetter or others, strung in a very different key to what the sip: luminary, to which you render no homage.". are also troublesome at this time, and give per of wine and cordial, the bibber of beer and

For Theron who was deeply versed in the their possessor most unpleasant notice of the porter, or the tippler of ardent spirits, can science of astronomy, was aware, from certain rousing of sensibilities, which had been, in a boast of. Let us hope, in conclusion, that the calculations, that a visible cclipse of the sun measure, dormant through the winter.

eulogists of panaceas, and balms, and balsams, would take place at that time; and so far from This may strike the reader as a dark cata. of patent pills and powders, the lovers of wonmaking a mystery, or assuining an adventitious logue,-and a most startling and painful con. derful cures, and searchers after the incrediimportance in the eyes of his unenlightened fel. trast with the highly coloured and enchanting ble, will have patience with us, this once, for low captive, on account of his foreknowledge accounts of the poets. We hope it may arrest proffering the language of nature and common of an event which he knew would appear to his attention, and guide him to profitable mu. sense, even though so sadly at variance with her as something not less than miraculous, he sings on the risks to which he is exposed. No their prejudices and interests. The people at explained the natural causes from whence it one can boast his entire immunity from dan. | large are still credulous enough for all their would proceed, as far as he was able, and en. ger, and consequent freedom from the neces. purposes of deception; and, in despite of our deavoured to make her comprehend the nature sity of precautions. These we shall give with poor efforts, will furnish them, we greaily fear, of the solar and planetary system, as far as plainness and brevity. They consist mainly in with a rich harvest in time to coine, as they they were then understood.

attention to clothing, exercise, and diet. No have always done in limes past.
(To be continued.)
sudden, or for a length of time yet to come,

(Journal of Health. any diminution of the winter clothing should

be attempted. Excercise should be moderate CAUTIONS FOR THE SEASON. - less than could have been safely taken in a The vernal equinox is past; spring will, ere

clear winter's day; nor ought the person to Constantinople.—This celebrated metropolis, long, make its approach, and nature hold her be long exposed to the sun. If, from any un. the Anthusa, or blooming maiden, of the Greeks, festival. Poets delight to celebrate the advent foreseen or unavoidable cause, great bodily ex and the Ummedanja, or mother of the universe, of gentle spring, the wind-winged emblem of ertion have been used, so as to induce perspi. as it is styled by the Turks, has been visited hope, and love, and youth, and gladness. We ration and fatigue,-rest in the open air, or with the horrors of nine and twenty sieges. would not mar such'a fair picture by ill-timed remaining stationary in passages or cold rooms, The subsequent enumeration of their successhading. Let it remain to be enjoyed by all or going out the same evening or night must sive occurrence, cannot fail to possess somewho have a taste for natural beauties, and are be carefully avoided. Any feeling of chilliness thing more than a transient interest in the eyes blessed at the same time with the buoyancy of or aching of the limbs at night, ought to be of our readers. health and constitutional vigour. We would, met by a warm foot bath, frictions with flannel however, that it should be temperately enjoy. or a flesh brush, and a draught of simple warm

B.C. 477. Besieged by Pausanias after the bat. ed by even this description of persons. Our herb tea, or even hot water.

tle of Platea. province leads us not to turn away ungraci. Increase of thirst, feverish heat, pains of the

410. By Alcibiades, in tlie beginning of ously or ungratefully from the rich stores of head, or palpitation, with a sensation of lan.

the fifth century, anno 410 or 411. the seasons, which a bountiful Providence guor or uneasiness, are best obviated by a re

347. By Leo, Philip's general. spreads before us, but rather to prolong the duction of the usual quantity of food and a

A.D. 197. By the Emperor Septimius Severus.

313. By Maximius Cæsar. pleasure by a temperate and discriminating substitution, almost entire, of vegetable for animal substances. Liquors of all kinds, dis

315. By Constantine the Great. The sluggish movements and pale shrunk tilled, vinous, or malt, are to be specially ab

616. By Chosroes of Persia, under Hera. skin, induced by wintry cold, are now suc. stained from. The experience of their tolera

clius, Emperor of the East.

626. By the Chachan of the Avari, an ally ceeded by the light bounding step, carnation tion during the winter will be most deceptive,

of Chosroes. tint, and sparkling eye. The tendencies of all if taken as a guide during the spring. Even animated nature, even to the vegetable creathe use of coffee and tea must, in many cases,

656. By Moawia, the general of Ali, an tion, are expansive-parts of the body, before, be discontinued—the former especially, if the

Arab sovereign. in a measure, torpid, are now excited—the person be subject to palpitations of the heart,

669. By lesid, a son of Moawia. senses are more acute, the feelings and intel or diseases of the skin.

674. By Sofian Ben-Auf, one of Moawia's lect more susceptible of varied and energetic People afflicted with the latter, are thought

generals. display. All the sympathies between organs to have their blood in an impure state, and to

719. By two sons of Caliph Merwan, when

Anthemios was emperor.. are now doubly active. The great changes of bo under the necessity of having recourse to temperature, and in the direction and force of various depurative syrups, decoctions, and

744. By Solyman, a son of Caliph Abdol.

melek the winds at this season, in which one day dif what not. They are fine game for nostrum fers from another as greatly as summer is at makers and venders, and become ready dupes

764. By Paganos, the kral of the Bulgavariance with winter, are attended by corre of such characters. We profess, indeed, to

rians, under Constantine V. sponding mutations in the activity of the func. have ourselves some purifying and allerative

786. By Harun-al-Rashid, under Leo IV. tions of the living body. The skin, warmed beverages, in the virtues of which we place

798. By Abdolmelek, a general of Harun

al-Rashid. and excited to perspiration in the noontide great reliance. Before introducing them to sun, will, without due precaution, be chilled, notice, we must, however, beg pardon of those

811. By Krumus, the despot of the Slavo

nians. and have its pores suddenly closed by the keen, persons labouring under scrofulous and cutanecold air of the evening and night. The hur ous affections to whom they are in a peculiar

820. By Thomas, the Slavonian, under ried breathing and circulativn, by the active manner beneficial, for the two notable draw

Michael the Stammerer. exercises of a vernal day, are often causes of backs to our winning their approbation and

886. By the Russians, under Ascold and

Dir. painful palpitations, pains in the side and head. confidence. The first is, that these drinks cost aches, especially when they coincide with a little or nothing--the second, that they are of

914. By Simeon, kral of the Bulgariang. sudden obstruction to perspiration. The sen. good taste, and with healing virtues so unc

1048. By Tornicius, the rebel, under Mi.

chael Monomachos. sibilities of the digestive organs being in- quivocally sanctioned by the wise and expericreased, the full diet of winter will, if persistedenced of all ages and countries, as neither to

1081. By Alexius Comnenus, on Good Fri. in, give rise to fever, and aid in evolving in. require nor claim any puffing notice or lying

day: flammation of the lungs or of the liver, or eulogy. They are not of the class of those

1204. By the Crusaders, on the 12th of rouse into action latent irritations of the skin. marvellous agents which are pompously intro

April. In fine, there is a general tendency to pertur. duced to public notice, as hurting nobody, and

1201. By Michael Palæologus, on the 25th bation in the vital movements of the animal curing every body; which an infant might

of July. economy. Every part is prone to be excited, swallow with impunity, and the most desperate 1396. By Bajazet, the lightning-flash. The and to transmit its disturbances to other parts. leper take, with the full assurance of his being

first Ottoman siego.

1402. By the saine. Is the skin obstructed in its office, it makes the cleansed from all impurities as entirely as the throat, lungs, and muscles suffer—as we see in Syrian of old, after bathing, by the prophet's

1414. By Musa, a son of Bajazet.

1422. By Amurath II. a son of Mahomet I. sore throats, coughs, pleurisies, spitting of cominard, in the waters of the Jordan. Not to blood, and rheumatism. Let the stomach be keep the reader any longer in suspense, the

1453, 29th of May. By Mahomet II.“ the overtasked, and the complaints of the dyspep. elixir of life and the genuine restorative are, conqueror of Constantinople,” against whose tic are redoubled-flushed cheeks and sick. first, pure water; and second, milk, either victorious host, Phranza tells us, Constantine headache become his constant companions. pure as obtained from the cow, or diluted with Dragofes Palæologus, the last Greek emperor, The person who has suffered from intermit- water, or its component parts separated, as in rushed forth, exclaiming, “I would rather die tent fever during the preceding autumn, is now bulter-milk or whey. Copious potations of than live;" and shortly afterwards, perceivin danger of a return of the disease. Gout and water, at this season, will be found the very ing himself deserted by his recreant follow

Christian apoplexy, excessive mental excitement, and best purifier of the blood and remover of all ers, and crying o loud, Is there madness itself, not unfrequently mark the ver peccant matter ; while milk, as an article of hand to smite off my aching head?" met a glonal equinox. Scrofula, little troublesome du: diet, with good light bread, baked on the pre- rious death, though doomed to fall by the ciring the winter, now breaks out with renewed ceding day, or vegetables, may be regarded as metar of an infidel. violence--the glands, or small round bodies I the grand cordial and true tonie. This is, in

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