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Total......

Percent......

1.0

Under 18 years.....

Under 14 years...

14 to 17 years... 19 and 19 years.... 20 to 24 years..... 25 to 29 years..... 30 to 34 years.....

162,261,000 || 150,902,000 9,790,000 1,569,000 || 159,507,000 | 150,233,000 585,000 6,075,000 2,614,000 2,754,000 84,000|1,101,000
100.0

93.0
6.0

98.3
92.6 0.4

3.7
1.6
1.7 0.1

0.7 55,112,000 54, 712,000 236,000 164,000 54,863,000 54,441,000 227,000 3,000 192,000 249,000 | Lech,000 41,000 46,017,000 45,727,000 167,000 123,000 45,814,000 45,500,000 188,000

126,000 203,000 39,000 41,000 9,095,000 8,985,000 69,000 41,000 9,049,000 8,941,000 39,000 3,000 66,000 46,000 5,000 3,989,000 3,818,000 146,000 25,000 3,931,000 3,795,000 23,000 27,000 86,000 58,000

33,000 9,364,000 8,761,000 507,000 96,000 9,154,000 8,678,000 78,000 143,000 255,000 210,000 5,000 109,000 11,554,000 10,821,000 560,000 173,000 11,281,000 10,757,000 57,000 243,000 224,000 273,000 7,000 93,000 12,282,000 11,674,000 498,000 110,000 12,089,000 11,625,000 49,000 211,000 204,000 193,000

83,000 22,666,000 21,331,000 1,119,000 216,000 22,306,000 21,250,000 66,000 651,000 339,000 360,000 15,000 129,000 18,791,000 17,000,000 1,609,000 182,000 18,359,000 16,970,000 24,000 941,000 424,000 432,000 6,000 244,000 14,485,000 12,270,000 1,998,000 217,000 14,031,000 12,232,000 31,000 1,362,000 406,000 454,000 7,000 230,000 9,522,000 7,289,000 2,040,000 193,000 9,221,000 7,269,000 20,000 1,608,000 324,000 301,000

108,000 4,496,000 3,226,000 1,077,000 193,000 4,272,000 3,216,000 10,000 886,000 160,000 224,000

31,000

35 to 44 years..... 45 to 54 years..... 55 to 64 years..... 65 to 74 years..... 75 years and over..

Median ege..years..

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Single...... Married.........

Husband present..
Husband absent..

Separated.......

Other....

Widowed........ Divorced......

Percent.

Single....... Married...

Husband present..

Husband absent..

Separated..

Other............

Widowed.....

Total,

14 years and over

152,000

65,000

87,000

307,000

80,000

100.0

7,863,000 1,317,000 2,478,000 1,289,000 4,998,000

25,000

4,846,000

25,000

31.5

63.6

61.6

1.9

0.8

1.1

3.9

1.0

7,093,000

1,413,000

5,046,000

4,862,000

184,000

75,000 109,000 590,000 4,000

100.0

19.9

71.1

68.5

2.6

1.1

1.5

8.3

0.6

Total

14 to 19 years

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3,000

100.0

97.9

1.9

1.9

...

0.2

1,102,000

978,000

120,000

105,000

15,000

15,000

4,000

100.0

88.7

10.9

9.5

1.4

...

1.4

...

0.4

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Divorced................

Region, color, and sex

White......
Nonwhite.

Male....

COLOR

Percent.

White..........
Nonwhite.......

White..
Nonwhite..

Female..

West...

Percent.

White....
Nonwhite....

REGIONS

Male....

Northeast......
North Central..
South...

White..

Nonwhite.. West....

Female.

Northeast..

North Central..

South..........

White...

Nonwhite..

Total,

14 years
and over

100.0
100.0

100.0

60,250,000

54,159,000
6,091,000

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

55,994,000 13,522,000

50,483,000
5,511,000

11,849,000
1,673,000

Single

24.1
23.5
30.4

10,962,000
9,716,000

1,246,000

18.2

17.9
20,5

Table 3.-MARITAL STATUS BY COLOR AND SEX, FOR THE

Total

39,125,00
35,677
3,448

184,000

379,000

337,000

42,000

22,000

20,000

7,00

8,00

CIVILIAN POPULA

1,

9,000

7,000

5,000

100.0

28.3

70.7

67.9

2.8

2.0

0.8

0.5

0.

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ese

civilian
pril 1950
in in the
I areas of
ent Popula-
in the
d. 11.5 mil-
The popu-
arees increased
an increase
le change in the
able A). Within
the rate of growth
imes as rapid as in
percent). These data
oelerated pace of the
decade 1940 to 1950.

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ATION REPORTS

the outlying parts of the standard areas was greatest in the territory rural in 1950. The civilian populaarea increased by 5.1 million, or 46.5

HARACTERISTICS

Robert W. Burgess, Director

percent, whereas the population living in urban territory outside the central cities rose by 4.5 million, or 19.1 percent. Undoubtedly, much of this formerly rural territory has been built up since 1950 and would qualify for inclusion as urban.

Recidence

In the territory outside the standard metropolitan areas, the urban population increased by 5.0 percent to 24.2 million. The rural population, on the other hand, declined 1.9 percent to 41.9 million.

Total.
Urban..
Rural....

URBAN AND RURAL RESIDENCE BY AGE

Although there were marked differences in the rates of growth in the urban and rural population inside and outside standard metropolitan areas, the rates for all urban and all rural areas were identical. The increase of 7.6 million in the urban population was at the rate of 7.9 percent, as was that of 4.3 million in the rural population (table B).

Both
sexes

Series P-20, No. 63

Table B.--INCREASE IN THE CIVILIAN POPULATION BY SEX, FOR THE
UNITED STATES, URBAN AND RURAL: APRIL 1950 TO 1955

1955

Male

$15

For sale by the Bureau of the Census
Price 10 cents

Female

Both
sexes

Percent increase

Male

Female

11,827,000 4,867,000 6,960,000

7.9 7,560,000 2,892,000 4,668,000 7.9

6.6 9.2 6.2 9.4

4,268,000 1,976,000 2,292,000 7.9 7.2 8.7

Among the broad age groups shown in table C, the largest gain, numerically and percentagewise, in both the urban and rural population, was among children under 15 years of age. The increase of 5.3 million in children in this age group in urban areas accounted for seven-tenths of the gain in the urban population, and the increase of 2.6 million in rural areas accounted for three-fifths of the gain in the rural population. The rate of increase

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Table 5.--HEADS OF HOUSEHOLDS BY TYPE AND AGE, AND WIVES OF HOUSEHOLD HEADS BY AGE, FOR THE UNITED STATES:

APRIL 1955

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Table 6.--HEADS OF FAMILIES BY TYPE AND AGE, AND WIVES OF FAMILY HEADS BY AGE, FOR THE UNITED STATES :

APRIL 1955

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Table 7. MARRIED COUPLES, SUBFAMILIES, AND SECONDARY FAMILIES, BY AGE OF HEAD AND AGE OF WIFE, FOR THE UNITED STATES:

APRIL 1955

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percent, whereas the population living in urban territory outside the central cities rose by 4.5 million, or 19.1 percent. Undoubtedly, much of this formerly rural territory has been built up since 1950 and would qualify for inclusion as urban.

Virtually all of the increase in the civilian population of the United States between April 1950 and April 1955 was accounted for by the gain in the population of the 168 standard metropolitan areas of 1950, according to figures from the Current Population Survey. of the 11.8 million increase in the civilian population over the 5-year period, 11.5 million occurred in the metropolitan areas. The population in these standard metropolitan areas increased from 83.8 million to 95.3 million, an increase

OP 13,7 percent, whereas there was little change in the population outside these areas (table A). Within the standard metropolitan areas, the rate of growth in the outlying parts was seven times as rapid as in the central cities (27.8 vs. 3.8 percent). These data reflect a continuation at an accelerated pace of the trends which characterized the decade 1940 to 1950.

In the territory outside the standard metropolitan areas, the urban population increased by 5.0 percent to 24.2 million. The rural population, on the other hand, declined 1.9 percent to 41.9 million.

URBAN AND RURAL RESIDENCE BY AGE

Although there were marked differences in the rates of growth in the urban and rural population inside and outside standard metropolitan areas, the rates for all urban and all rural areas were identical. The increase of 7.6 million in the urban population was at the rate of 7.9 percent, was that of 4.3 million in the rural population (table B).

Table A.--CIVILIAN POPULATION OF THE UNITED STATES, BY METROPOLITAN

AND URBAN-RURAL RESIDENCE: APRIL 1955 AND 1950

as

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Table B.--INCREASE IN THE CIVILIAN POPULATION BY SEX, FOR THE

UNITED STATES, URBAN AND RURAL: APRIL 1950 TO 1955

Percent increase

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13.7

3.8 27.8 19.1 46.5

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