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Sinclair Weeks, Secretary


BUREAU OF THE CENSUS Robert W. Burgess, Director


21 19€


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leges), in classes which do not require physical presence in school (correspondence courses or other courses of independent study), and in training courses given directly on the job are reported as not enrolled in school.

A new record of 33 million persons enrolled in school or college was set at the beginning of the 1953-54 school year, according to the results of a sample survey announced today by Robert W. Burgess, Director, Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce. The number enrolled in October 1953 was about 1.7 million larger than the number enrolled one year earlier and about 3.4 million, or 12 percent, larger than in October 1950. Two-thirds of the increase in the number enrolled was in the age group 5 to 13 years old.


Of the total of 32.8 million persons 5 to 34 years old who were enrolled in October 1953, about 23.2 million were in elementary school (nearly always grades 1 to 8), 7.3 million were in high school (grades 9 to 12), and 2.4 million were in college or professional school.

The estimates presented in this report are based on data from the current Population Survey made in October 1953, covering representative national sample of the civilian noninstitutional population. Since these estimates are based on sample data, they may differ from the figures that would have been obtained from a complete census. The sampling variation may be relatively large in cases where the quantities shown are small. Therefore, the smaller estimates should be used with caution. The reliability of an estimated percentage depends upon both the size of the percentage and the size of the total on which it is based. A more complete statement on the variations due to sampling will be presented in a subsequent report presenting more detailed da ta on school enrollment for October 1953.

According to the survey, among children 7 to 13 years old nearly all (99 percent) were enrollad in school in 1953. In the group

14 to 19 years old, 86 percent were enrolled, but after age 17 the proportion enrolled dropped off sharply. A comparison of enrollment rates for males and females shows practically no difference for the

age groups under 18 years.

For those 18 to 34 years old, however, the enrollment rates for males were substantially greater than those for females,

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The statistics in this report are based on the replies to the enumerators' Inquiry as to whether the person had been enrolled at any time during the current term or school year in any type of day or night school, public, parochial, or other private school, in the regular school system. Such schools include elementary schools (but not kindergartens); high schools (including junior and senior high); and colleges, universities, and professional schools. Persons enrolled in special schools not in the regular school system (trade schools or business col

For the years before 1953, the independent estimates of the population were based on the 1940 Census data brought forward to the survey month to take account of births, deaths, net immigration, and aging of the population. Now that the detailed 1950 Census data are available, independent estimates based on the 1950 Census have been introduced into the estimating procedure. The figures for 1950 and

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1952 which are presented in this report have been revised accordingly.

The estima ted number of persons enrolled for 1952 on the new basis is 900,000 less than on the former basis; for 1951 and 1950, the difference is 800,000. If comparisons are made with data contained in earlier publications, these differences should be taken into consideration.

Although the introduction of the new population levels should improve the accuracy of the statistics, it creates some discontinuities in the series.


AGE, AND SEX, FOR THE UNITED STATES: OCTOBER 1953 AND 1952 (The individual figures in this report are rounded to the nearest thousand without being adjusted to group totals, which are independently

rounded. Percent not shown where base is less than 200,000)

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(Advance data on school enrollment in October 1953 were published in Current Population Reports, Series P-20,

No. 51, "School Enrollment continues to Rise," December 9, 1953. Additional data on school enrollment
are contained in Series P-50, No. 51, "Employment of Students: October 1953," January 11, 1954)

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Relatively high proportions of college-age persons were in school when the fall session started. Thirty-eight percent of the civilian males and 26 percent of the females 18 and 19 years of


were enrolled in school. About two-thirds of these teen-agers were attending college and one-third were finishing their high school training. College enrollment had dropped sharply during the Korean conflict but had returned to about the 1950 level by October 1953. The sample survey showed a total of 2.4 million persons under 35 years old enrolled in college

professional school at the latter date. College enrollment has been stimulated by the increasing numbers of young men with educational

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For sale by the Bureau of the Census

Price 10 cents

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