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. By whom are religious teachers elected and supported ?
· How are all monies, paid for the support of religious
instruction, to be appropriated ?

If a man does not attend on the religious instruction of any teacher, what must be done with his money?

Is there any subordination of one religious denomination to another ?

Who govern the people of this Commonwealth ?
Do they exercise every power, jurisdiction and right?
Where does all power originally reside?

What then are magistrates and officers of government, who are clothed with authority ?

To whom are they accountable? .

Has any man, corporation, or association of men any title to obtain advantages, or particular and exclusive privileges, distinct from those of the community ?

Are titles hereditary or transmissible to relations by blood ?.

What then are we to think of the idea, that a man is born a magistrate, lawgiver, or judge ?

For what purpose is government instituted ?

What kind of rights have the people to institute government ?

Under what circumstances may they reform, alter, or totally change it ?

What if men vested with authority become oppressive ?

If men are removed from public office for bad conduct, what is to be done?

How ought all elections to be ?

Have all men an equal right to elect, and be elected to public office ?

What has each individual a right to expect ?
What must he do of course ?

In justice can his property be taken from him, and applied to public uses ? · By what laws are the people of this Commonwealth controllable ?

What if the public exigencies require, that the property of an individual should be appropriated to public uses ? · How ought every subject of this Commonwealth to find a . certain remedy for injuries ?

How ought he to obtain right and justice ?

When 'shall a subject be held to answer for any crime or offence?

Must he furnish evidence against himself? .

May he produce all proofs in his favour?:

By what may a man, guilty of some crime be subjected to punishment ? *. May the Legislature make any law, that shall subject a person to a capital punishment?

In criminal prosecutions what is one of the greatest securities of the life, liberty and property of the citizen ?

Are unreasonable searches and seizures to be countenanced ?

How must all warrants of this kind be previously supported, and what must accompany them ?

In what cases, and with what formalities ought a warrant to be issued ?

In all controversies have the parties a right to trial by jury?
How is this method of procedure to be held ?
Ought the liberty of the press to be restrained ?
Why not?

What have the people a right to do for the common
defence ?
May armies be maintained in time of peace ?
Is the military power in subordination to any other !

What is absolutely necessary to preserve the advantages of liberty, and to maintain a free government ?

Ought the people to have particular regard to moral character in the choice of officers and representatives ?

What have they a right to require of their law-givers and magistrates ?

Have they a right to assemble, and consult upon the common good ?

How may they publicly make known their desires ?

Who have the power of suspending laws, or the execution of them?

What is very essential to the rights of the people ?

May the members of either house exercise this right without control ?

For what purpose ought the Legislature frequently to assemble ?

Can a charge, tax, or duty, be established, or levied upon the people under any pretext whatever ?

What laws are unjust and oppressive ?

May the Legislature ever declare a subject guilty of treason or felony ?

What does the Constitution say respecting bail, fines and punishments ?

May a soldier, or soldiers be quartered in any house?
What is to be done in time of war?
Are all subjected to law martial ?

What is essential to the preservation of the rights of every individual, his life, liberty, property and character ?

How has every citizen a right to be tried ?

How long do the Judges of the Supreme Court hold their offices ?.

Is it sound policy, that they should have honorable salaries.? · In the government of this Commonwealth may one depart: ment ever exercise the powers of another ?

Why not?



When did the people of Massachusetts agree to form themselves into a Free, Sovereign and Independent State ?*

By what name?




In the department of legislation, how many branches ?
Who compose them?
How often shall the legislative body assemble ?
When ?
When shall they dissolve and be dissolved ?
What are they styled ?
How can a bill, or resolve of the Senate, or House of

* Look at the end of the Constitution.

Representatives become a law and - have force as such ? It shall be laid before the

force of law. In all such cases how shall the votes of both houses be determined ?

What more must be done?

What power and authority have the General Court ? To erect and constitute

of execution thereupon. Does the General Court grant to other courts power and authority to administer oaths or affirmations ?

For what purpose ?

What further power and authority has the General Court ? To make, ordain and – - within the same.

For what purpose shall the valuation of estates be taken ? How often ?


How often shall Counsellors and Senators be elected ?
How large a number?
By whom are they chosen ?

Who may divide the Commonwealth into Districts and assign the number to be elected by each District ?

In determining the number each District may elect, to what must the General Court have particular regard ?

When a new division is made, who is to make known to the inhabitants the limits of each District, and the number to be chosen by them ?

Into how many Districts must the Commonwealth be divided ?

How many Senators may be chosen in one District ?
Who compose the first branch of the Legislature ?

How, and by whom are they to be chosen ? There shall be a meeting

is an inhabitant. How shall it be determined who is an inhabitant ? Who shall impartially preside at such meetings?

On such occasions what duties devolve upon the Selectmen, the Town Clerk, and afterward, upon the Sheriff of the county ? They shall receive

last Wednesday in May.

That there may be a due convention of Senators on the last Wednesday in May, what shall the Governor with five of the Council do?

Who shall be final Judge of elections, returns and qualifications of members of the first branch of the Legislature ?

On what day shall the Senate annually determine and declare, who are elected by each District ?

In case the full number should not be elected by a majority of voters, how shall the deficiency be supplied ? The members of the House

of the Commonwealth. How shall vacancies arising by death, removal out of the State, or otherwise, be supplied ?

To qualify a man to be elected a Senator how much property must he have within this Commonwealth ?

How long must he be an inhabitant immediately preceding his election ?

In what part of the State must he reside ? '
Have the Senate power to adjourn themselves ?

Who choose the President, appoint officers, and determine: the rules of proceedings in the Senate ?

In any case, shall the Senate of itself be a court ?
For what purpose ?
How far shall their judgment extend ?
Is the party convicted liable to another trial ?

How many members shall constitute a quorum for doing business?


In the Legislature of this Commonwealth shall there be an annual representation of the people ?

Founded upon what principle ?

That an incorporated town may elect one representative, how many ratable polls must be in it ?

How many, that it may elect two Representatives !
How many that it may elect three ?

What is the mean increasing number for every additional Representative ?

Is there any exoeption to this rule ?

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