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CONTENTS.

ment.–First three years. After that.—Treatment of Jesuits. Of Protestants.—Of

Indians.-Not a spade to commence their new mode of life.-Mr. Barnley's state-

ment.—Disappointed. His mistake.—Hudson's Bay Company disposed to crush

their own missionaries....

... 55

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CHAPTER XXVIII.

Lee and Hines explore the Umpqua River.—Mr. Hines tells a story.—Massacre and

plunder of Smith's party by the Indians.-Sympathy of the Hudson's Bay

Company.--Extract from the San Francisco Bulletin...

205

CHAPTER XXIX.

Missionaries leaving.—Hudson's Bay Company's Gold Exchange.--Population in

1842.-Whitman and Lovejoy start for the States.-The Red River emigra.

tion-American merchants.--Settlers not dependent on the Hudson's Bay Com.

pany.—Milling Company.—The Oregon Institute.—Dr. Elijah White.—Proceed-

ings at a public meeting.--Correspondence with the War Department... 211

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CHAPTER XXXVIII.

Petition of the citizens of Oregon in 1843.-Complaints against the Hudson's Bay

Company.—The Milling Company.-Kicking the half-bushel.-Land claims of Dr.

McLaughlin.-Names of the signers.---Reasons for not signing.--Notice, deed, and

bond of John McLaughlin.--Claim of Alvin F. Waller....

.Page 292

CHAPTER XXXIX.

Extracts from Mr. Hipes' history.—Attempt to capture an Indian horse-thief.—Dr.

McLaughlin refuses to sell supplies to the signers of the petition.—Excitement in

the settlement.--Interview with Dr. McLaughlin at Vancouver..

...... 304

CHAPTER XL.

A combination of facts.-Settlers alive to their danger.—Mr. Hines' disparagement of

the Methodist Mission.—Indians want pay for being whipped.—Indian honesty.-

Mr. Hines' opinion of the Indians' religion.-Mr. Geiger's advice.-Dr. McLaughlin's

answer to Yellow Serpent-Baptiste Doreo.-Four conflicting influences..... 309

CHAPTER XLI.

Governor Simpson and Dr. Whitman in Washington.— Interviews with Daniel Webster

and President Tyler.—His cold reception in Boston by the American Board.-

Conducts a large emigration safely across the Rocky Mountains into Oregon.—The

“ Memorial Half-Century Volume.”—The Oregon mission ignored by the American

Board.—Dr. McLaughlin.--His connection with the Hudson's Bay Company -

Catholic Cayuses' manner of praying.–Rev. C. Eells.-Letter from A. L. Lovejoy.

-Description of Whitman's and Lovejoy's winter journey from Oregon to Bent's

Fort on the Arkansas River......

315

of the members.-Minutes of their proceedings.-Dr. R. Newell, his character.-

Two specimens of his speeches.--The dark clouds..

..... 336

CHAPTER XLIV.

Fourth of July, 1843.—Oration by Mr. Hines.-Meeting of July 5.-Debate on the

land law.-How the Jesuits and the Hudson's Bay Company secured their land

claims.-Speech of the Rev. G. Hines against the proposed Executive Committee.

- The committee supported by O'Neil, Shortess, and Lee.-W. H. Gray closes the

debate.—The report of the committee adopted. --Committee appointed to report to

Congress, another to make a Digest of Territorial laws, and a third to prepare and

administer an oath of office.

346

CHAPTER XLV.

Organic laws.-Resolutions-Districts.--Militia law.-Land claims.-Certificate... 353

CHAPTER XLVI.

Description of the State House. --Conduct of the French settlers. Arrival of Dr. Whit-

man's party of immigrants.-Prosperity of the settlers.--Change in the policy of

the Hudson's Bay Company.—Their exorbitant claims...

.. 360

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